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21. Factors controlling the mechanical properties degradation and permeability of coal subjected to liquid nitrogen freeze-thaw Full Text available with Trip Pro

Factors controlling the mechanical properties degradation and permeability of coal subjected to liquid nitrogen freeze-thaw Freeze-thaw induced fracturing coal by liquid nitrogen (LN2) injection exerts a significant positive effect on the fracture permeability enhancement of the coal reservoir. To evaluate the different freeze-thaw variables which modify the mechanical properties of treated coals, the effects of freezing time, number of freeze-thaw cycles, and the moisture content of coal were

2017 Scientific reports

22. Pseudoepitheliomatous keratotic and micaceous balanitis treated with topical 5-fluorouracil and liquid nitrogen. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Pseudoepitheliomatous keratotic and micaceous balanitis treated with topical 5-fluorouracil and liquid nitrogen. Pseudoepitheliomatous keratotic and micaceous balanitis (PKMB) is an uncommon premalignant condition involving the glans penis. We report the case of an 86-year-old man who presented with phimosis and pain on retracting his foreskin. He had previously undergone circumcision, which revealed a hyperkeratotic plaque with thin mica-like scales involving his glans penis. Histology (...) of the lesion showed hyperkeratosis, parakeratosis, epidermal acanthosis and papillomatosis with no evidence of dysplasia. Immunohistochemistry for human papillomavirus was negative. The patient was treated with topical 5-fluorouracil and liquid nitrogen with clinical improvement. He is now under long-term surveillance for verrucous carcinoma and squamous cell carcinoma.© 2017 British Association of Dermatologists.

2017 Clinical & Experimental Dermatology

23. Study of Guanxinning Injection on Regulatory Mechanism of Bcl-2 and Bax by Liquid Nitrogen Freezing-Mediated Femoral Head Necrosis. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Study of Guanxinning Injection on Regulatory Mechanism of Bcl-2 and Bax by Liquid Nitrogen Freezing-Mediated Femoral Head Necrosis. The objective of this study was to investigate the impact of femoral head perfusion by traditional Chinese medicine Guanxinning injection promoting blood circulation for removing blood stasis on the expression of Bcl-2 and Bax induced by liquid nitrogen freezing-mediated femoral head necrosis. 90 rabbits were randomized into three groups. Normal control group

2017 Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine (eCAM)

24. Liquid nitrogen vapor is comparable to liquid nitrogen for storage of cryopreserved human sperm: evidence from the characteristics of post-thaw human sperm. (Abstract)

Liquid nitrogen vapor is comparable to liquid nitrogen for storage of cryopreserved human sperm: evidence from the characteristics of post-thaw human sperm. To compare the differences in the characteristics of post-thaw human sperm after storage in either liquid nitrogen (LN2; -196 °C) or LN2 vapor (-167 °C).Experimental study.University hospital.Thirty healthy volunteers who agreed to donate their normal semen samples for infertility or research were included in the study.Semen samples (n = 30

2015 Fertility and Sterility

25. Prevention of Oral Mucositis After Using Chamomile Oral Cryotherapy Versus Oral Cryotherapy in Pediatric Cancer Patients Receiving Chemotherapy.

Prevention of Oral Mucositis After Using Chamomile Oral Cryotherapy Versus Oral Cryotherapy in Pediatric Cancer Patients Receiving Chemotherapy. Prevention of Oral Mucositis After Using Chamomile Oral Cryotherapy Versus Oral Cryotherapy in Pediatric Cancer Patients Receiving Chemotherapy. - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting registration or results information. Search for terms x × Study Record Detail Saved Studies Save (...) this study Warning You have reached the maximum number of saved studies (100). Please remove one or more studies before adding more. Prevention of Oral Mucositis After Using Chamomile Oral Cryotherapy Versus Oral Cryotherapy in Pediatric Cancer Patients Receiving Chemotherapy. The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. of clinical studies and talk to your

2018 Clinical Trials

26. Multifaceted Comparison of Two Cryotherapy Devices Used After Total Knee Arthroplasty: Cryotherapy Device Comparison. (Abstract)

Multifaceted Comparison of Two Cryotherapy Devices Used After Total Knee Arthroplasty: Cryotherapy Device Comparison. Some form of cryotherapy used after total knee arthroplasty is commonplace. However, various factors determine the specific device deployed.This study aimed to answer the following questions:: A group of 100 patients undergoing primary total knee arthroplasty by a single surgeon were enrolled in an institutional review board-approved, prospective study and randomized to receive (...) either a circulating cold water or ice/gel pack cryotherapy device postoperatively. Demographic, pain, swelling, blood loss, range of motion, compliance, satisfaction, and adverse event outcomes were recorded until 6 weeks after surgery. Hospital staff satisfaction and economic variables were examined.The ice/gel pack cryotherapy wrap was noninferior to the cold water cryotherapy device for any patient outcome measured. Average pain level at 6 weeks postoperative was significantly less in the ice/gel

2018 Orthopedic nursing Controlled trial quality: uncertain

27. Needling versus liquid nitrogen cryotherapy for the treatment of pedal warts: A randomised controlled trial pilot study. (Abstract)

Needling versus liquid nitrogen cryotherapy for the treatment of pedal warts: A randomised controlled trial pilot study. Abstract Background: The hypothesis of this study was that needling of a pedal wart would create local inflammation and a subsequent cell-mediated immune response against human papillomavirus. The primary objective of this study was to investigate if needling to induce a cell-mediated immune response against human papillomavirus is an effective treatment of pedal warts (...) in comparison to liquid nitrogen cryotherapy. A secondary objective of this study was to investigate if the cell-mediated immune response induced by needling is effective against satellite pedal warts. Methods: Eligible participants presenting to the University of Western Australia Podiatry Clinic with pedal wart/s were randomly allocated to treatment - either needling or liquid nitrogen cryotherapy. Only the primary pedal wart was treated during the study. Participant follow-up was twelve weeks

2014 Journal of the American Podiatric Medical Association Controlled trial quality: uncertain

28. Needling Versus Liquid Nitrogen Cryotherapy for the Treatment of Pedal Warts A Randomized Controlled Pilot Study. (Abstract)

Needling Versus Liquid Nitrogen Cryotherapy for the Treatment of Pedal Warts A Randomized Controlled Pilot Study. We hypothesized that needling of a pedal wart creates local inflammation and a subsequent cell-mediated immune response (CMIR) against human papillomavirus. The primary objective of this study was to investigate whether needling to induce a CMIR against human papillomavirus is an effective treatment for pedal warts compared with liquid nitrogen cryotherapy. A secondary objective (...) was to investigate whether the CMIR induced by needling is effective against satellite pedal warts.Eligible patients with pedal warts were randomly allocated to receive either needling or liquid nitrogen cryotherapy. Only the primary pedal wart was treated during the study. Follow-up was 12 weeks, with outcome assessments made independently under blinded circumstances.Of 37 patients enrolled in the study, 18 were allocated to receive needling and 19 to receive liquid nitrogen cryotherapy. Regression

2014 Journal of the American Podiatric Medical Association Controlled trial quality: uncertain

29. Cryotherapy Reduces Muscle Spasticity But Does Not Affect Proprioception in Ischemic Stroke: A Randomized Sham-Controlled Crossover Study. (Abstract)

Cryotherapy Reduces Muscle Spasticity But Does Not Affect Proprioception in Ischemic Stroke: A Randomized Sham-Controlled Crossover Study. The aim of the study was to evaluate the immediate effects of cryotherapy (using an ice pack) on ankle joint position sense and the degree of spasticity after chronic hemiparetic stroke.We used a sham-controlled crossover design. Sixteen chronic hemiparetic patients were randomly assigned to two groups: (1) those who received cryotherapy followed (...) by a control intervention 15 days later (cryotherapy group) and (2) those who received the control intervention followed by cryotherapy 15 days later (control intervention group). Ankle joint position sense was measured on the paretic side using a Biodex Multi-joint System 3 dynamometer before and after 20 mins of either application on the calf muscles. Lower absolute error scores were calculated for data analyses and were used to determine joint position sense. The degree of spasticity of the plantar

2019 American journal of physical medicine & rehabilitation Controlled trial quality: uncertain

30. Persistent-current switch for pancake coils of rare earth-barium-copper-oxide high-temperature superconductor: Design and test results of a double-pancake coil operated in liquid nitrogen (77–65 K) and in solid nitrogen (60–57 K) Full Text available with Trip Pro

Persistent-current switch for pancake coils of rare earth-barium-copper-oxide high-temperature superconductor: Design and test results of a double-pancake coil operated in liquid nitrogen (77–65 K) and in solid nitrogen (60–57 K) We present design and test results of a superconducting persistent current switch (PCS) for pancake coils of rare-earth-barium-copper-oxide, REBCO, high-temperature superconductor (HTS). Here, a REBCO double-pancake (DP) coil, 152-mm ID, 168-mm OD, 12-mm high (...) , was wound with a no-insulation technique. We converted a ∼10-cm long section in the outermost layer of each pancake to a PCS. The DP coil was operated in liquid nitrogen (77-65 K) and in solid nitrogen (60-57 K). Over the operating temperature ranges of this experiment, the normal-state PCS enabled the DP coil to be energized; thereupon, the PCS resumed the superconducting state and the DP coil field decayed with a time constant of 100 h, which would have been nearly infinite, i.e., persistent-mode

2016 Applied physics letters

31. Fast Conversion of Ionic Liquids and Poly(Ionic Liquid)s into Porous Nitrogen-Doped Carbons in Air Full Text available with Trip Pro

Fast Conversion of Ionic Liquids and Poly(Ionic Liquid)s into Porous Nitrogen-Doped Carbons in Air Ionic liquids and poly(ionic liquid)s have been successfully converted into nitrogen-doped porous carbons with tunable surface area up to 1200 m²/g at high temperatures in air. Compared to conventional carbonization process conducted under inert gas to produce nitrogen-doped carbons, the new production method was completed in a rather shorter time without noble gas protection.

2016 International journal of molecular sciences

32. Cryotherapy or gradual reloading exercises in acute presentations of rotator cuff tendinopathy: a randomised controlled trial. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Cryotherapy or gradual reloading exercises in acute presentations of rotator cuff tendinopathy: a randomised controlled trial. Rotator cuff tendinopathies are the most common shoulder disorders. As persistent symptoms lasting more than 3 months have been shown to be a strong indicator of poor outcomes, it is important to have successful interventions in the acute stage. However, there is no evidence yet to guide clinical interventions in an acute pain context. The objective of this study (...) was to compare the short-term effect of a 2-week gradual reloading exercises programme with the use of cryotherapy on symptoms and function for acute rotator cuff tendinopathy.This simple-blind, randomised controlled trial included 44 participants with acute rotator cuff tendinopathy who were randomly allocated to either the exercises or cryotherapy group. Symptoms and functional limitations were evaluated at weeks 0, 2 and 6 using self-reported questionnaires (Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand

2018 BMJ open sport & exercise medicine Controlled trial quality: uncertain

33. Letter to the editor in response to Hopper et al, “Salvage image guided radiation therapy to the prostate after cryotherapy failure” Full Text available with Trip Pro

Letter to the editor in response to Hopper et al, “Salvage image guided radiation therapy to the prostate after cryotherapy failure” 30197945 2018 11 14 2452-1094 3 3 2018 Jul-Sep Advances in radiation oncology Adv Radiat Oncol Letter to the editor in response to Hopper et al, "Salvage image guided radiation therapy to the prostate after cryotherapy failure". 469 10.1016/j.adro.2018.02.002 Holtzman Adam A Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Florida College of Medicine

2018 Advances in radiation oncology

34. Liquid nitrogen spray cryotherapy in Barrett's esophagus with high-grade dysplasia: long-term results. (Abstract)

Liquid nitrogen spray cryotherapy in Barrett's esophagus with high-grade dysplasia: long-term results. Liquid nitrogen endoscopic spray cryotherapy can safely and effectively eradicate high-grade dysplasia in Barrett's esophagus (BE-HGD). Long-term data on treatment success and safety are lacking.To assess the long-term safety and efficacy of spray cryotherapy in patients with BE-HGD.Single-center, retrospective study.Tertiary-care referral center.A total of 32 patients with BE-HGD of any (...) length.Patients were treated with liquid nitrogen spray cryotherapy every 8 weeks until complete eradication of HGD (CE-HGD) and intestinal metaplasia (CE-IM) was found by endoscopic biopsy. Surveillance endoscopy with biopsies was performed for at least 2 years.CE-HGD, CE-IM, durability of response, disease progression, and adverse events.CE-HGD was 100% (32/32), and CE-IM was 84% (27/32) at 2-year follow-up. At last follow-up (range 24-57 months), CE-HGD was 31/32 (97%), and CE-IM was 26/32 (81%). Recurrent

2013 Gastrointestinal endoscopy

35. Efficacy of cryotherapy plus topical Juniperus excelsa M. Bieb cream versus cryotherapy plus placebo in the treatment of Old World cutaneous leishmaniasis: A triple-blind randomized controlled clinical trial Full Text available with Trip Pro

Efficacy of cryotherapy plus topical Juniperus excelsa M. Bieb cream versus cryotherapy plus placebo in the treatment of Old World cutaneous leishmaniasis: A triple-blind randomized controlled clinical trial Cutaneous leishmaniasis is one of the highly prevalent endemic diseases in the Middle East and North Africa. Many treatment modalities have been recommended for this condition but success rates remain limited. Herbal remedies have also been used for treatment but evidence-based clinical (...) trials with these products are sparse. In-vitro and in-vivo studies have shown the anti-leishmanial and curative effects of extract of fruits and leaves of Juniperus excelsa (J. excelsa). The aim of this study was to determine the efficacy of topical J. excelsa M. Bieb extract as an adjuvant to cryotherapy for the treatment of human CL.This study was designed as a two-arm triple-blind randomized placebo-controlled clinical trial using a parallel design. Seventy-two patients with clinical diagnosis

2017 PLoS neglected tropical diseases Controlled trial quality: predicted high

36. Correction: Costs and cost-effectiveness of LEEP versus cryotherapy for treating cervical dysplasia among HIV-positive women in Johannesburg, South Africa. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Correction: Costs and cost-effectiveness of LEEP versus cryotherapy for treating cervical dysplasia among HIV-positive women in Johannesburg, South Africa. [This corrects the article DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0203921.].

2019 PLoS ONE

37. Pulsed 1064nm Nd:YAG in the Treatment of Verruca Vulgaris Versus Conventional Therapy With Liquid Nitrogen Cryotherapy

Pulsed 1064nm Nd:YAG in the Treatment of Verruca Vulgaris Versus Conventional Therapy With Liquid Nitrogen Cryotherapy Pulsed 1064nm Nd:YAG in the Treatment of Verruca Vulgaris Versus Conventional Therapy With Liquid Nitrogen Cryotherapy - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting registration or results information. Search for terms x × Study Record Detail Saved Studies Save this study Warning You have reached the maximum (...) number of saved studies (100). Please remove one or more studies before adding more. Pulsed 1064nm Nd:YAG in the Treatment of Verruca Vulgaris Versus Conventional Therapy With Liquid Nitrogen Cryotherapy The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our for details. ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01609530 Recruitment Status : Terminated (Unable

2012 Clinical Trials

38. Liquid nitrogen for cryotherapy Full Text available with Trip Pro

Liquid nitrogen for cryotherapy 23211160 2013 12 30 2018 11 13 1478-5242 62 604 2012 Nov The British journal of general practice : the journal of the Royal College of General Practitioners Br J Gen Pract Liquid nitrogen for cryotherapy. 572 10.3399/bjgp12X658214 Macaulay Donald D eng Letter England Br J Gen Pract 9005323 0960-1643 N762921K75 Nitrogen IM Cost-Benefit Analysis Cryotherapy economics methods Female Humans Male Nitrogen adverse effects economics Risk Assessment Safety Management

2012 The British Journal of General Practice

39. Randomized controlled trial of cryotherapy with liquid nitrogen vs topical salicylic acid vs wait-and-see for cutaneous warts. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Randomized controlled trial of cryotherapy with liquid nitrogen vs topical salicylic acid vs wait-and-see for cutaneous warts. 22801618 2012 09 27 2012 07 17 1538-3652 148 7 2012 Jul Archives of dermatology Arch Dermatol Randomized controlled trial of cryotherapy with liquid nitrogen vs topical salicylic acid vs wait-and-see for cutaneous warts. 840-2 10.1001/archdermatol.2011.2763 Ko Justin J Bigby Michael M eng Comment Journal Article United States Arch Dermatol 0372433 0003-987X CMAJ. 2010

2012 Archives of Dermatology Controlled trial quality: uncertain

40. Biological reconstruction using bone recycling with liquid nitrogen: a systematic review

Biological reconstruction using bone recycling with liquid nitrogen: a systematic review Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any associated files or external websites. Email salutation (e.g. "Dr Smith" or "Joanne") for correspondence: Organisation web address: Timing (...) of administration, route of administration, vehicle. ">Data to be extracted: intervention of interest Example: Serum creatinine; continuous; umol/L (may be recalculated from mg/dL). ">Data to be extracted: primary outcome(s) Example: Blood urea nitrogen; continuous; mmol/L (may be recalculated from mg/dL); Renal histological damage as assessed by Jablonski scale; continuous; Jablonski score. ">Data to be extracted: secondary outcome(s) Example: 1st author, year of publication, language, journal. ">Data

2017 PROSPERO

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