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61. Is the Pie-Crusting Technique Safe for MCL Release in Varus Deformity Correction in Total Knee Arthroplasty? (PubMed)

Is the Pie-Crusting Technique Safe for MCL Release in Varus Deformity Correction in Total Knee Arthroplasty? Established for lateral release in TKA, the pie-crusting technique has not been studied for the medial collateral ligament (MCL). In cadaveric knees the MCL was release with a pie-crusting technique in one and traditional technique in the contralateral knee. Along with a control group, each MCL was subjected to mechanical testing. The stiffness, force and stress required to cause (...) ligament elongation were less in the pie-crusting group (p < 0.05) compared to the control group, but were not statistically different than the traditional group. The pie-crusting group demonstrated a characteristic "stair-step" failure mode at the joint line, whereas the traditional group failed elastically at the tibial insertion. MCL pie-crusting is likely technique dependent since failure occurs within the ligament itself and further study is warranted. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Inc. All rights

2013 Journal of Arthroplasty

62. Late crust formation as a predictor of healing of traumatic, dry, and minor-sized tympanic membrane perforations. (PubMed)

Late crust formation as a predictor of healing of traumatic, dry, and minor-sized tympanic membrane perforations. The goal of this study was to evaluate the effects of crust formation on the healing of traumatic, dry, and minor-sized tympanic membrane perforations (TMPs) in humans.Case series with a chart review.Tertiary university hospital.The clinical records of patients with traumatic TMPs who met the case selection criteria were retrieved and categorized according to the presence of a crust (...) and the timing of crust formation into three groups: no crust, early crust formation, and late crust formation. Healing outcomes (i.e., healing rate and time) in the three groups were analyzed.In total, 83 patients were analyzed. The perforation closure rates were 92%, 100%, and 78% in the groups with no-crust, early crust formation, and late crust formation, respectively. No significant difference was seen between the groups with no-crust and with late crust formation (p>0.05). By contrast, closure rates

2013 American Journal of Otolaryngology

63. Marine sulfate-reducing bacteria cause serious corrosion of iron under electroconductive biogenic mineral crust (PubMed)

Marine sulfate-reducing bacteria cause serious corrosion of iron under electroconductive biogenic mineral crust Iron (Fe(0) ) corrosion in anoxic environments (e.g. inside pipelines), a process entailing considerable economic costs, is largely influenced by microorganisms, in particular sulfate-reducing bacteria (SRB). The process is characterized by formation of black crusts and metal pitting. The mechanism is usually explained by the corrosiveness of formed H(2) S, and scavenge of 'cathodic (...) ' H(2) from chemical reaction of Fe(0) with H(2) O. Here we studied peculiar marine SRB that grew lithotrophically with metallic iron as the only electron donor. They degraded up to 72% of iron coupons (10 mm × 10 mm × 1 mm) within five months, which is a technologically highly relevant corrosion rate (0.7 mm Fe(0) year(-1) ), while conventional H(2) -scavenging control strains were not corrosive. The black, hard mineral crust (FeS, FeCO(3) , Mg/CaCO(3) ) deposited on the corroding metal

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2012 Environmental microbiology

64. Crust-mantle mechanical coupling in Eastern Mediterranean and Eastern Turkey (PubMed)

Crust-mantle mechanical coupling in Eastern Mediterranean and Eastern Turkey Present-day crust-mantle coupling in the Eastern Mediterranean and eastern Turkey is studied using the Global Positioning System (GPS) and seismic anisotropy data. The general trend of the shear wave fast-splitting directions in NE Turkey and Lesser Caucaus align well with the geodetic velocities in an absolute plate motion frame of reference pointing to an effective coupling in this part of the region of weak surface (...) . This extensional direction matches perfectly also with the southward pulling force vectors across the Hellenic trench; however, the maximum right-lateral shear directions obtained from the GPS data in the Aegean do not match either of these anisotropies. Seismic anisotropy from Rayleigh waves sampled at 15 s, corresponding to the lower crust, match the maximum right-lateral maximum shear directions from the GPS indicating decoupling between the crust and the mantle. This decoupling most likely results from

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2012 Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America

65. Ecological Succession, Hydrology and Carbon Acquisition of Biological Soil Crusts Measured at the Micro-Scale (PubMed)

Ecological Succession, Hydrology and Carbon Acquisition of Biological Soil Crusts Measured at the Micro-Scale The hydrological characteristics of biological soil crusts (BSCs) are not well understood. In particular the relationship between runoff and BSC surfaces at relatively large (>1 m(2)) scales is ambiguous. Further, there is a dearth of information on small scale (mm to cm) hydrological characterization of crust types which severely limits any interpretation of trends at larger scales (...) . Site differences and broad classifications of BSCs as one soil surface type rather than into functional form exacerbate the problem. This study examines, for the first time, some hydrological characteristics and related surface variables of a range of crust types at one site and at a small scale (sub mm to mm). X-ray tomography and fine scale hydrological measurements were made on intact BSCs, followed by C and C isotopic analyses. A 'hump' shaped relationship was found between the successional

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2012 PloS one

66. Warming reduces the growth and diversity of biological soil crusts in a semi-arid environment: implications for ecosystem structure and functioning (PubMed)

Warming reduces the growth and diversity of biological soil crusts in a semi-arid environment: implications for ecosystem structure and functioning Biological soil crusts (BSCs) are key biotic components of dryland ecosystems worldwide that control many functional processes, including carbon and nitrogen cycling, soil stabilization and infiltration. Regardless of their ecological importance and prevalence in drylands, very few studies have explicitly evaluated how climate change will affect

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2012 Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences

67. Crust

Crust Crust Toggle navigation Brain Head & Neck Chest Endocrine Abdomen Musculoskeletal Skin Infectious Disease Hematology & Oncology Cohorts Diagnostics Emergency Findings Procedures Prevention & Management Pharmacy Resuscitation Trauma Emergency Procedures Ultrasound Cardiovascular Emergencies Lung Emergencies Infectious Disease Pediatrics Neurologic Emergencies Skin Exposure Miscellaneous Abuse Cancer Administration 4 Crust Crust Aka: Crust , Ecthyma II. Definitions Ecthyma Exudate involves (...) entire Exudate thick and adherent III. Pathophysiology: Body fluid dries on skin Yellow: dried serum Green or yellow-green: dried purulent exudate Brown or dark red: dried blood IV. Causes Ecthyma Images: Related links to external sites (from Bing) These images are a random sampling from a Bing search on the term "Crust." Click on the image (or right click) to open the source website in a new browser window. Related Studies (from Trip Database) Ontology: Ecthyma (C0013568) Definition (MSH

2015 FP Notebook

68. Crusted scabies-associated immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome. (PubMed)

Crusted scabies-associated immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome. Despite the widely accepted association between crusted scabies and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infection, crusted scabies has not been included in the spectrum of infections associated with immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome in HIV-infected patients initiating antiretroviral therapy.We report a case of a 28-year-old Mexican individual with late HIV-infection, who had no apparent skin lesions but soon after (...) initiation of antiretroviral therapy, he developed an aggressive form of crusted scabies with rapid progression of lesions. Severe infestation by Sarcoptes scabiei was confirmed by microscopic examination of the scale and skin biopsy. Due to the atypical presentation of scabies in a patient responding to antiretroviral therapy, preceded by no apparent skin lesions at initiation of antiretroviral therapy, the episode was interpreted for the first time as "unmasking crusted scabies-associated immune

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2012 BMC Infectious Diseases

69. Asymptomatic crusted lesions on the palms. (PubMed)

Asymptomatic crusted lesions on the palms. 22220296 2012 03 22 2018 12 01 1533-7294 61 1 2012 Jan The Journal of family practice J Fam Pract Asymptomatic crusted lesions on the palms. 43-6 Liaw Fang-Yih FY Department of Family and Community Health, Tri-Service General Hospital, National Defense Medical Center, Taipei, Taiwan. Huang Ching-Fu CF Fang Wen-Hui WH Wang Wei-Ming WM eng Case Reports Journal Article United States J Fam Pract 7502590 0094-3509 0 Insecticides 0 Ointments 509F88P9SZ

2012 Journal of Family Practice

70. JAAD Grand Rounds quiz: Erythematous macules and crusted erosions in sun-exposed areas. (PubMed)

JAAD Grand Rounds quiz: Erythematous macules and crusted erosions in sun-exposed areas. 22507582 2012 06 05 2012 04 17 1097-6787 66 5 2012 May Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology J. Am. Acad. Dermatol. JAAD grand rounds. Erythematous macules and crusted erosions in sun-exposed areas. 862-3 10.1016/j.jaad.2010.10.009 Pfingstler Lisa F LF Adams David R DR eng Case Reports Journal Article United States J Am Acad Dermatol 7907132 0190-9622 0 Anti-Bacterial Agents IM Acne Vulgaris

2012 Journal of American Academy of Dermatology

71. Arthroscopic pullout repair of posterior root tear of the medial meniscus: the anterior approach using medial collateral ligament pie-crusting release. (PubMed)

Arthroscopic pullout repair of posterior root tear of the medial meniscus: the anterior approach using medial collateral ligament pie-crusting release. Posterior root tears of the medial meniscus are frequently encountered and should be repaired if possible to prevent osteoarthritis of the medial compartment. Various surgical techniques have been proposed to repair posterior root tears. The anterior arthroscopic approach can cause an iatrogenic chondral injury due to the narrow medial joint (...) space. The posterior approaches might be technically unfamiliar to many surgeons because they require the establishment of a posteromedial or trans-septal portal. This paper describes the medial collateral ligament pie-crusting release technique for arthroscopic double transosseous pullout repair of posterior root tears of the medial meniscus through the anterior approach to provide the good visualization of the footprint and sufficient working space.

2011 Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy

72. Comparison of standardized peristomal skin care and crusting technique in prevention of peristomal skin problems in ostomy patients. (PubMed)

Comparison of standardized peristomal skin care and crusting technique in prevention of peristomal skin problems in ostomy patients. This study was performed to compare the effects of standardized peristomal skin care (SPSC) and crusting technique (CT) on the peristomal skin of ostomates. SPSC was developed by a consensus among the expert group based on a comprehensive review of the relevant literature and hospital protocols.A randomized controlled pilot trial with 2 parallel arms was used (...) . A total of 81 ostomates, who were recruited from a tertiary hospital, completed the baseline, 1-month, 2-month, and 3-month follow-up (SPSC group, n=45; CT group, n=36). SPSC consisted of water cleansing and direct application of ostomy appliances. CT involved crusting hydrocolloid powder and patting with water sponge or protective barrier liquid film. The outcomes of the study were assessed by skin problems, such as discoloration, erosion and tissue overgrowth; the domains of the evaluation tool used

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2011 Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing

73. Effect of temperature and relative humidity on variola virus in crusts (PubMed)

Effect of temperature and relative humidity on variola virus in crusts The viability of variola virus in crusts under different conditions of temperature and relative humidity was studied for 16 weeks. At the ambient temperature of 25.8-26.4 degrees C and 85-90% relative humidity, the virus survived only 8 weeks but at lower temperatures and relative humidities the survival time was considerably prolonged.

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1976 Bulletin of the World Health Organization

74. Norwegian Scabies (Crusted Scabies) (PubMed)

Norwegian Scabies (Crusted Scabies) 13954071 1998 11 01 2018 12 01 0007-1447 1 5325 1963 Jan 26 British medical journal Br Med J Norwegian scabies (crusted scabies). 239-40 HERRIDGE C F CF eng Journal Article England Br Med J 0372673 0007-1447 0 Antiparasitic Agents VB0R961HZT Prednisone OM Antiparasitic Agents Dermatitis, Exfoliative Humans Prednisone Pruritus Scabies DERMATITIS EXFOLIATIVA PARASITICIDES PREDNISONE PRURITUS SCABIES 1963 1 26 1963 1 26 0 1 1963 1 26 0 0 ppublish 13954071

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1963 British medical journal

75. Anosmia, Dryness and Crustings of the Nose in a Man aged 30 (PubMed)

Anosmia, Dryness and Crustings of the Nose in a Man aged 30 19972953 2010 06 22 2010 06 22 0035-9157 1 Laryngol Sect 1908 Proceedings of the Royal Society of Medicine Proc. R. Soc. Med. Anosmia, Dryness and Crustings of the Nose in a Man aged 30. 13 Fox C C eng Journal Article England Proc R Soc Med 7505890 0035-9157 2009 12 9 6 0 1908 1 1 0 0 1908 1 1 0 1 ppublish 19972953 PMC2045986

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1908 Proceedings of the Royal Society of Medicine

76. Note on the Relative Abundance of the Elements in the Earth's Crust (PubMed)

Note on the Relative Abundance of the Elements in the Earth's Crust 16576672 2006 06 01 2008 11 20 0027-8424 9 3 1923 Mar Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. Note on the Relative Abundance of the Elements in the Earth's Crust. 87-90 Lotka A J AJ School of Hygiene and Public Health, Johns Hopkins University. eng Journal Article United States Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 7505876 0027-8424 1923 3 1 0 0 1923 3 1 0 1 1923 3 1 0 0

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1923 Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America

77. GALENICALS IN THE TREATMENT OF CRUSTED SCABIES (PubMed)

GALENICALS IN THE TREATMENT OF CRUSTED SCABIES Crusted scabies is rare. It is a therapeutic challenge, as the common drugs used against scabies are unsatisfactory. The successful use of galenicals in a 10-year-old girl with crusted scabies is reported.

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2010 Indian journal of dermatology

78. Do biotic interactions modulate ecosystem functioning along stress gradients? Insights from semi-arid plant and biological soil crust communities (PubMed)

Do biotic interactions modulate ecosystem functioning along stress gradients? Insights from semi-arid plant and biological soil crust communities Climate change will exacerbate the degree of abiotic stress experienced by semi-arid ecosystems. While abiotic stress profoundly affects biotic interactions, their potential role as modulators of ecosystem responses to climate change is largely unknown. Using plants and biological soil crusts, we tested the relative importance of facilitative (...) that reductions in the cover of plant and biological soil crust communities will negatively impact ecosystems under future climatic conditions.

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2010 Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences

79. First Investigation of the Microbiology of the Deepest Layer of Ocean Crust (PubMed)

First Investigation of the Microbiology of the Deepest Layer of Ocean Crust The gabbroic layer comprises the majority of ocean crust. Opportunities to sample this expansive crustal environment are rare because of the technological demands of deep ocean drilling; thus, gabbroic microbial communities have not yet been studied. During the Integrated Ocean Drilling Program Expeditions 304 and 305, igneous rock samples were collected from 0.45-1391.01 meters below seafloor at Hole 1309D, located (...) results suggest that the gabbroic layer hosts a microbial community that can degrade hydrocarbons and fix carbon and nitrogen, and has the potential to employ a diversity of non-oxygen electron acceptors. This rare glimpse of the gabbroic ecosystem provides further support for the recent finding of hydrocarbons in deep ocean gabbro from Hole 1309D. It has been hypothesized that these hydrocarbons might originate abiotically from serpentinization reactions that are occurring deep in the Earth's crust

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2010 PloS one

80. Colonization of subsurface microbial observatories deployed in young ocean crust (PubMed)

Colonization of subsurface microbial observatories deployed in young ocean crust Oceanic crust comprises the largest hydrogeologic reservoir on Earth, containing fluids in thermodynamic disequilibrium with the basaltic crust. Little is known about microbial ecosystems that inhabit this vast realm and exploit chemically favorable conditions for metabolic activities. Crustal samples recovered from ocean drilling operations are often compromised for microbiological assays, hampering efforts (...) to resolve the extent and functioning of a subsurface biosphere. We report results from the first in situ experimental observatory systems that have been used to study subseafloor life. Experiments deployed for 4 years in young (3.5 Ma) basaltic crust on the eastern flank of the Juan de Fuca Ridge record a dynamic, post-drilling response of crustal microbial ecosystems to changing physical and chemical conditions. Twisted stalks exhibiting a biogenic iron oxyhydroxide signature coated the surface

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2010 The ISME journal

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