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41. Improved appreciation of the functioning and importance of biological soil crusts in Europe: the Soil Crust International Project (SCIN) Full Text available with Trip Pro

Improved appreciation of the functioning and importance of biological soil crusts in Europe: the Soil Crust International Project (SCIN) Here we report details of the European research initiative "Soil Crust International" (SCIN) focusing on the biodiversity of biological soil crusts (BSC, composed of bacteria, algae, lichens, and bryophytes) and on functional aspects in their specific environment. Known as the so-called "colored soil lichen community" (Bunte Erdflechtengesellschaft

2014 Biodiversity and conservation

42. An Algorithmic, Pie-Crusting Medial Soft Tissue Release Reduces the Need for Constrained Inserts Patients With Severe Varus Deformity Undergoing Total Knee Arthroplasty. (Abstract)

An Algorithmic, Pie-Crusting Medial Soft Tissue Release Reduces the Need for Constrained Inserts Patients With Severe Varus Deformity Undergoing Total Knee Arthroplasty. We studied the need to use a constrained insert for residual intraoperative instability and the 1-year result of patients undergoing total knee arthroplasty (TKA) for a varus deformity. In a control group, a "classic" subperiosteal release of the medial soft tissue sleeve was performed as popularized by pioneers of TKA (...) . In the study group, an algorithmic approach that selectively releases and pie-crusts posteromedial structures in extension and anteromedial structures in flexion was used.All surgeries were performed by a single surgeon using measured resection technique, and posterior-stabilized, cemented implants. There were 228 TKAs in the control group and 188 in the study group. Outcome variables included the use of a constrained insert, and the Knee Society Score at 6 weeks, 4 months, and 1 year postoperatively

2016 Journal of Arthroplasty

43. Open arthrolysis with pie-crusting release of the triceps tendon for treating post-traumatic contracture of the elbow. (Abstract)

Open arthrolysis with pie-crusting release of the triceps tendon for treating post-traumatic contracture of the elbow. Extensive loss of elbow flexion compromises the performance of daily activities. We examined the clinical outcomes of patients with post-traumatic extension contracture of the elbow treated with open arthrolysis and pie-crusting release of the triceps tendon.We retrospectively reviewed the records of 7 patients (5 men and 2 women; mean age, 35 years) who underwent open (...) arthrolysis via a combined lateral and medial approach with pie-crusting release of the triceps tendon for the treatment of post-traumatic elbow stiffness. All the patients had heterotopic ossification that restricted elbow motion and underwent removal of the ossified tissue and capsular release. The triceps tendon was gradually stretched by making multiple stab incisions on the tendon by using a No. 11 surgical blade. The range of motion of the elbow was recorded both preoperatively and at the final

2016 Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery

44. Reduction Osteotomy vs Pie-Crust Technique as Possible Alternatives for Medial Release in Total Knee Arthroplasty and Compared in a Prospective Randomized Controlled Trial. (Abstract)

Reduction Osteotomy vs Pie-Crust Technique as Possible Alternatives for Medial Release in Total Knee Arthroplasty and Compared in a Prospective Randomized Controlled Trial. To compare the gap change between the pie-crust technique and reduction osteotomy to determine their effects on flexion and extension gaps and their success rates in achieving ligament balancing during total knee arthroplasty.In a prospective randomized controlled trial, 106 total knee arthroplasties were allocated to each (...) group with 53 cases. If there was a narrow medial gap with an imbalance of ≥3 mm after the initial limited medial release, either reduction osteotomy or pie-crust technique was performed. The changes of extension and flexion medial gaps along with the success rate of mediolateral balancing were compared.There was a significant difference in the change of medial gap in knee extension with mean changes of 3.5 ± 0.5 mm and 2.3 ± 0.8 mm in the reduction osteotomy and pie-crust groups, respectively (P

2016 The Journal of arthroplasty Controlled trial quality: uncertain

45. Microbial Diversity in Sediment Ecosystems (Evaporites Domes, Microbial Mats, and Crusts) of Hypersaline Laguna Tebenquiche, Salar de Atacama, Chile Full Text available with Trip Pro

Microbial Diversity in Sediment Ecosystems (Evaporites Domes, Microbial Mats, and Crusts) of Hypersaline Laguna Tebenquiche, Salar de Atacama, Chile We combined nucleic acid-based molecular methods, biogeochemical measurements, and physicochemical characteristics to investigate microbial sedimentary ecosystems of Laguna Tebenquiche, Atacama Desert, Chile. Molecular diversity, and biogeochemistry of hypersaline microbial mats, rhizome-associated concretions, and an endoevaporite were compared

2016 Frontiers in microbiology

46. Crusted (Norvegian) scabies Full Text available with Trip Pro

Crusted (Norvegian) scabies 27347483 2016 06 27 2019 02 13 2214-2509 5 2016 IDCases IDCases Crusted (Norvegian) scabies. 4-5 10.1016/j.idcr.2016.05.004 Kreuter Alexander A Department of Dermatology, Venereology, and Allergology, HELIOS St. Elisabeth Hospital Oberhausen, University Witten-Herdecke, Germany. Bockholt Kevin K Department of Dermatology, Venereology, and Allergology, HELIOS St. Elisabeth Hospital Oberhausen, University Witten-Herdecke, Germany. eng Journal Article Case Reports 2016

2016 IDCases

47. Microbial Inventory of Deeply Buried Oceanic Crust from a Young Ridge Flank Full Text available with Trip Pro

Microbial Inventory of Deeply Buried Oceanic Crust from a Young Ridge Flank The deep marine biosphere has over the past decades been exposed as an immense habitat for microorganisms with wide-reaching implications for our understanding of life on Earth. Recent advances in knowledge concerning this biosphere have been achieved mainly through extensive microbial and geochemical studies of deep marine sediments. However, the oceanic crust buried beneath the sediments, is still largely unexplored (...) with respect to even the most fundamental questions related to microbial life. Here, we present quantitative and qualitative data related to the microbial inventory from 33 deeply buried basaltic rocks collected at two different locations, penetrating 300 vertical meters into the upper oceanic crust on the west flank of the Mid-Atlantic spreading ridge. We use quantitative PCR and sequencing of 16S rRNA gene amplicons to estimate cell abundances and to profile the community structure. Our data suggest

2016 Frontiers in microbiology

48. Cyanobacterial diversity of western European biological soil crusts along a latitudinal gradient Full Text available with Trip Pro

Cyanobacterial diversity of western European biological soil crusts along a latitudinal gradient Cyanobacteria associated with biological soil crusts (BSCs) have important attributes, such as nitrogen fixation and soil stabilisation. However, research on these organisms has been minimal, and their diversity and distribution throughout temperate Europe is currently unknown. The SCIN (Soil Crust International) project is a multidisciplinary research initiative that aims to achieve improved

2016 FEMS microbiology ecology

49. Magnetic field evolution in magnetar crusts through three-dimensional simulations Full Text available with Trip Pro

Magnetic field evolution in magnetar crusts through three-dimensional simulations Current models of magnetars require extremely strong magnetic fields to explain their observed quiescent and bursting emission, implying that the field strength within the star's outer crust is orders of magnitude larger than the dipole component inferred from spin-down measurements. This presents a serious challenge to theories of magnetic field generation in a proto-neutron star. Here, we present detailed (...) modeling of the evolution of the magnetic field in the crust of a neutron star through 3D simulations. We find that, in the plausible scenario of equipartition of energy between global-scale poloidal and toroidal magnetic components, magnetic instabilities transfer energy to nonaxisymmetric, kilometer-sized magnetic features, in which the local field strength can greatly exceed that of the global-scale field. These intense small-scale magnetic features can induce high-energy bursts through local crust

2016 Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America

50. Evidence for partial melt in the crust beneath Mt. Paektu (Changbaishan), Democratic People’s Republic of Korea and China Full Text available with Trip Pro

Evidence for partial melt in the crust beneath Mt. Paektu (Changbaishan), Democratic People’s Republic of Korea and China Mt. Paektu (also known as Changbaishan) is an enigmatic volcano on the border between the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (DPRK) and China. Despite being responsible for one of the largest eruptions in history, comparatively little is known about its magmatic evolution, geochronology, or underlying structure. We present receiver function results from an unprecedented (...) seismic deployment in the DPRK. These are the first estimates of the crustal structure on the DPRK side of the volcano and, indeed, for anywhere beneath the DPRK. The crust 60 km from the volcano has a thickness of 35 km and a bulk V P/V S of 1.76, similar to that of the Sino-Korean craton. The V P/V S ratio increases ~20 km from the volcano, rising to >1.87 directly beneath the volcano. This shows that a large region of the crust has been modified by magmatism associated with the volcanism. Such high

2016 Science advances

51. Efficacy Study Between Two Different Dosages of an Antiparasitic in Patients With Crusted Scabies

Efficacy Study Between Two Different Dosages of an Antiparasitic in Patients With Crusted Scabies Efficacy Study Between Two Different Dosages of an Antiparasitic in Patients With Crusted Scabies - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting registration or results information. Search for terms x × Study Record Detail Saved Studies Save this study Warning You have reached the maximum number of saved studies (100). Please remove (...) one or more studies before adding more. Efficacy Study Between Two Different Dosages of an Antiparasitic in Patients With Crusted Scabies (GALECRUSTED) The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our for details. ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02841215 Recruitment Status : Unknown Verified December 2016 by Assistance Publique - Hôpitaux de

2016 Clinical Trials

52. Severe pruritus · Crusted lesions affecting face, extremities, and trunk · Hepatitis C virus carrier · Dx? (Abstract)

Severe pruritus · Crusted lesions affecting face, extremities, and trunk · Hepatitis C virus carrier · Dx? The patient had visited various clinics for her complaints and was diagnosed as having contact dermatitis and senile pruritus. She was prescribed topical mometasone furoate and moisturizers. After 6 months of using this therapy, widespread grey-white plaques and minimal excoriation appeared on her face, scalp, and trunk. This was diagnosed as psoriasis, and the patient was prescribed

2016 Journal of Family Practice

53. Crusted impetigo-like lesion on the face: A case of IgG/IgA pemphigus. (Abstract)

Crusted impetigo-like lesion on the face: A case of IgG/IgA pemphigus. 27879012 2017 06 16 1468-3083 31 6 2017 Jun Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology : JEADV J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol Crusted impetigo-like lesion on the face: a case of IgG/IgA pemphigus. e289-e290 10.1111/jdv.14060 Moriuchi R R Department of Dermatology, Sapporo City General Hospital, North 11, West 13, Chuo-ku, Sapporo, 060-8604, Japan. Ito T T Department of Dermatology, Sapporo City General

2016 Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology

54. Cyanobacterial community composition in Arctic soil crusts at different stages of development Full Text available with Trip Pro

Cyanobacterial community composition in Arctic soil crusts at different stages of development Cyanobacterial diversity in soil crusts has been extensively studied in arid lands of temperate regions, particularly semi-arid steppes and warm deserts. Nevertheless, Arctic soil crusts have received far less attention than their temperate counterparts. Here, we describe the cyanobacterial communities from various types of soil crusts from Svalbard, High Arctic. Four soil crusts at different (...) development stages (ranging from poorly-developed to well-developed soil crusts) were analysed using 454 pyrosequencing of the V3-V4 variable region of the cyanobacterial 16S rRNA gene. Analyses of 95 660 cyanobacterial sequences revealed a dominance of OTUs belonging to the orders Synechococcales, Oscillatoriales and Nostocales. The most dominant OTUs in the four studied sites were related to the filamentous cyanobacteria Leptolyngbya sp. Phylotype richness estimates increased from poorly- to mid

2015 FEMS microbiology ecology

55. Selective Medial Release Technique Using the Pie-Crusting Method for Medial Tightness During Primary Total Knee Arthroplasty. (Abstract)

Selective Medial Release Technique Using the Pie-Crusting Method for Medial Tightness During Primary Total Knee Arthroplasty. The pie-crusting method is popular in releasing lateral tightness during primary total knee arthroplasty (TKA) but is not well described for medial release. We established a selective medial release technique using the pie-crusting technique and investigated the effectiveness and safety of the technique during primary TKA.We retrospectively reviewed 729 primary TKAs (...) with varus deformity between October 2009 and June 2012. Medial tightness in flexion was released by traditional subperiosteal stripping for the anterior portion of the medial collateral ligament (aMCL). Medial tightness in extension was released by the pie crusting for the tight fibers in the posterior portion of the MCL and/or posteromedial corner structures (pMCL/PMCS). Clinical outcomes were evaluated by Knee Society (KS) scores and the Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index

2015 Journal of Arthroplasty

56. An elderly long-term care resident with crusted scabies Full Text available with Trip Pro

An elderly long-term care resident with crusted scabies Crusted scabies is a highly contagious form of scabies. Altered immune response, nutritional deficiencies and modified host response are all risk factors for crusted scabies. The authors report a case involving a patient found to have a chronic maculopapular, erythematous rash with large hyperkeratotic, white and grey plaques on the soles of both feet. An ultimate diagnosis of crusted scabies was reached after a delay in diagnosis

2015 The Canadian Journal of Infectious Diseases & Medical Microbiology

57. Isolation of a significant fraction of non-phototroph diversity from a desert Biological Soil Crust Full Text available with Trip Pro

Isolation of a significant fraction of non-phototroph diversity from a desert Biological Soil Crust Biological Soil Crusts (BSCs) are organosedimentary assemblages comprised of microbes and minerals in topsoil of terrestrial environments. BSCs strongly impact soil quality in dryland ecosystems (e.g., soil structure and nutrient yields) due to pioneer species such as Microcoleus vaginatus; phototrophs that produce filaments that bind the soil together, and support an array of heterotrophic

2015 Frontiers in microbiology

58. Treatment of crusted scabies with acitretin. (Abstract)

Treatment of crusted scabies with acitretin. 25781504 2016 07 11 2015 09 25 1365-2133 173 3 2015 Sep The British journal of dermatology Br. J. Dermatol. Treatment of crusted scabies with acitretin. 862-3 10.1111/bjd.13780 Veraldi S S Department of Pathophysiology and Transplantation, Università degli Studi di Milano, I.R.C.C.S. Foundation, Cà Granda Ospedale Maggiore Policlinico, Milan, Italy. Nazzaro G G Department of Pathophysiology and Transplantation, Università degli Studi di Milano

2015 British Journal of Dermatology

59. Biomechanical Validation of Medial Pie-Crusting for Soft-Tissue Balancing in Knee Arthroplasty. (Abstract)

Biomechanical Validation of Medial Pie-Crusting for Soft-Tissue Balancing in Knee Arthroplasty. Balancing a varus knee is traditionally accomplished by releasing the medial soft-tissue sleeve off the tibia. Recently, "pie-crusting" (PC) medial structures has been described. In a biomechanical cadaver study we compared PC to traditional release (TR) to determine their effects on flexion and extension gaps. PC was done in five specimens along the anterior half of the medial soft-tissue sleeve

2014 Journal of Arthroplasty

60. Widespread Crusted Skin Ulcerations in a Man with Type II Diabetes: A Quiz. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Widespread Crusted Skin Ulcerations in a Man with Type II Diabetes: A Quiz. 25365992 2016 01 27 2015 04 29 1651-2057 95 5 2015 May Acta dermato-venereologica Acta Derm. Venereol. Widespread Crusted Skin Ulcerations in a Man with Type II Diabetes: A Quiz. Diagnosis: Malignant syphilis. 632-3 10.2340/00015555-1999 Li Jiu-Hong JH Department of Dermatology, No.1 Hospital of China Medical University, 155N. Nanjing Street, Shenyang 110001, China. Pfkl2011@126.com. Guo Hao H Zheng Song S Li Bo B Gao

2014 Acta Dermato-Venereologica

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