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41. An Algorithmic, Pie-Crusting Medial Soft Tissue Release Reduces the Need for Constrained Inserts Patients With Severe Varus Deformity Undergoing Total Knee Arthroplasty. (PubMed)

An Algorithmic, Pie-Crusting Medial Soft Tissue Release Reduces the Need for Constrained Inserts Patients With Severe Varus Deformity Undergoing Total Knee Arthroplasty. We studied the need to use a constrained insert for residual intraoperative instability and the 1-year result of patients undergoing total knee arthroplasty (TKA) for a varus deformity. In a control group, a "classic" subperiosteal release of the medial soft tissue sleeve was performed as popularized by pioneers of TKA (...) . In the study group, an algorithmic approach that selectively releases and pie-crusts posteromedial structures in extension and anteromedial structures in flexion was used.All surgeries were performed by a single surgeon using measured resection technique, and posterior-stabilized, cemented implants. There were 228 TKAs in the control group and 188 in the study group. Outcome variables included the use of a constrained insert, and the Knee Society Score at 6 weeks, 4 months, and 1 year postoperatively

2016 Journal of Arthroplasty

42. Magnetic field evolution in magnetar crusts through three-dimensional simulations (PubMed)

Magnetic field evolution in magnetar crusts through three-dimensional simulations Current models of magnetars require extremely strong magnetic fields to explain their observed quiescent and bursting emission, implying that the field strength within the star's outer crust is orders of magnitude larger than the dipole component inferred from spin-down measurements. This presents a serious challenge to theories of magnetic field generation in a proto-neutron star. Here, we present detailed (...) modeling of the evolution of the magnetic field in the crust of a neutron star through 3D simulations. We find that, in the plausible scenario of equipartition of energy between global-scale poloidal and toroidal magnetic components, magnetic instabilities transfer energy to nonaxisymmetric, kilometer-sized magnetic features, in which the local field strength can greatly exceed that of the global-scale field. These intense small-scale magnetic features can induce high-energy bursts through local crust

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2016 Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America

43. Evidence for partial melt in the crust beneath Mt. Paektu (Changbaishan), Democratic People’s Republic of Korea and China (PubMed)

Evidence for partial melt in the crust beneath Mt. Paektu (Changbaishan), Democratic People’s Republic of Korea and China Mt. Paektu (also known as Changbaishan) is an enigmatic volcano on the border between the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (DPRK) and China. Despite being responsible for one of the largest eruptions in history, comparatively little is known about its magmatic evolution, geochronology, or underlying structure. We present receiver function results from an unprecedented (...) seismic deployment in the DPRK. These are the first estimates of the crustal structure on the DPRK side of the volcano and, indeed, for anywhere beneath the DPRK. The crust 60 km from the volcano has a thickness of 35 km and a bulk V P/V S of 1.76, similar to that of the Sino-Korean craton. The V P/V S ratio increases ~20 km from the volcano, rising to >1.87 directly beneath the volcano. This shows that a large region of the crust has been modified by magmatism associated with the volcanism. Such high

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2016 Science advances

44. Crust

Crust Crust Toggle navigation Brain Head & Neck Chest Endocrine Abdomen Musculoskeletal Skin Infectious Disease Hematology & Oncology Cohorts Diagnostics Emergency Findings Procedures Prevention & Management Pharmacy Resuscitation Trauma Emergency Procedures Ultrasound Cardiovascular Emergencies Lung Emergencies Infectious Disease Pediatrics Neurologic Emergencies Skin Exposure Miscellaneous Abuse Cancer Administration 4 Crust Crust Aka: Crust , Ecthyma II. Definitions Ecthyma Exudate involves (...) entire Exudate thick and adherent III. Pathophysiology: Body fluid dries on skin Yellow: dried serum Green or yellow-green: dried purulent exudate Brown or dark red: dried blood IV. Causes Ecthyma Images: Related links to external sites (from Bing) These images are a random sampling from a Bing search on the term "Crust." Click on the image (or right click) to open the source website in a new browser window. Related Studies (from Trip Database) Ontology: Ecthyma (C0013568) Definition (MSH

2018 FP Notebook

45. Crusted (Norvegian) scabies (PubMed)

Crusted (Norvegian) scabies 27347483 2016 06 27 2019 02 13 2214-2509 5 2016 IDCases IDCases Crusted (Norvegian) scabies. 4-5 10.1016/j.idcr.2016.05.004 Kreuter Alexander A Department of Dermatology, Venereology, and Allergology, HELIOS St. Elisabeth Hospital Oberhausen, University Witten-Herdecke, Germany. Bockholt Kevin K Department of Dermatology, Venereology, and Allergology, HELIOS St. Elisabeth Hospital Oberhausen, University Witten-Herdecke, Germany. eng Journal Article Case Reports 2016

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2016 IDCases

46. Microbial Inventory of Deeply Buried Oceanic Crust from a Young Ridge Flank (PubMed)

Microbial Inventory of Deeply Buried Oceanic Crust from a Young Ridge Flank The deep marine biosphere has over the past decades been exposed as an immense habitat for microorganisms with wide-reaching implications for our understanding of life on Earth. Recent advances in knowledge concerning this biosphere have been achieved mainly through extensive microbial and geochemical studies of deep marine sediments. However, the oceanic crust buried beneath the sediments, is still largely unexplored (...) with respect to even the most fundamental questions related to microbial life. Here, we present quantitative and qualitative data related to the microbial inventory from 33 deeply buried basaltic rocks collected at two different locations, penetrating 300 vertical meters into the upper oceanic crust on the west flank of the Mid-Atlantic spreading ridge. We use quantitative PCR and sequencing of 16S rRNA gene amplicons to estimate cell abundances and to profile the community structure. Our data suggest

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2016 Frontiers in microbiology

47. Crusted impetigo-like lesion on the face: A case of IgG/IgA pemphigus. (PubMed)

Crusted impetigo-like lesion on the face: A case of IgG/IgA pemphigus. 27879012 2017 06 16 1468-3083 31 6 2017 Jun Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology : JEADV J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol Crusted impetigo-like lesion on the face: a case of IgG/IgA pemphigus. e289-e290 10.1111/jdv.14060 Moriuchi R R Department of Dermatology, Sapporo City General Hospital, North 11, West 13, Chuo-ku, Sapporo, 060-8604, Japan. Ito T T Department of Dermatology, Sapporo City General

2016 Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology

48. Reduction Osteotomy vs Pie-Crust Technique as Possible Alternatives for Medial Release in Total Knee Arthroplasty and Compared in a Prospective Randomized Controlled Trial. (PubMed)

Reduction Osteotomy vs Pie-Crust Technique as Possible Alternatives for Medial Release in Total Knee Arthroplasty and Compared in a Prospective Randomized Controlled Trial. To compare the gap change between the pie-crust technique and reduction osteotomy to determine their effects on flexion and extension gaps and their success rates in achieving ligament balancing during total knee arthroplasty.In a prospective randomized controlled trial, 106 total knee arthroplasties were allocated to each (...) group with 53 cases. If there was a narrow medial gap with an imbalance of ≥3 mm after the initial limited medial release, either reduction osteotomy or pie-crust technique was performed. The changes of extension and flexion medial gaps along with the success rate of mediolateral balancing were compared.There was a significant difference in the change of medial gap in knee extension with mean changes of 3.5 ± 0.5 mm and 2.3 ± 0.8 mm in the reduction osteotomy and pie-crust groups, respectively (P

2016 The Journal of arthroplasty Controlled trial quality: uncertain

49. Improved appreciation of the functioning and importance of biological soil crusts in Europe: the Soil Crust International Project (SCIN) (PubMed)

Improved appreciation of the functioning and importance of biological soil crusts in Europe: the Soil Crust International Project (SCIN) Here we report details of the European research initiative "Soil Crust International" (SCIN) focusing on the biodiversity of biological soil crusts (BSC, composed of bacteria, algae, lichens, and bryophytes) and on functional aspects in their specific environment. Known as the so-called "colored soil lichen community" (Bunte Erdflechtengesellschaft

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2014 Biodiversity and conservation

50. Selective Medial Release Technique Using the Pie-Crusting Method for Medial Tightness During Primary Total Knee Arthroplasty. (PubMed)

Selective Medial Release Technique Using the Pie-Crusting Method for Medial Tightness During Primary Total Knee Arthroplasty. The pie-crusting method is popular in releasing lateral tightness during primary total knee arthroplasty (TKA) but is not well described for medial release. We established a selective medial release technique using the pie-crusting technique and investigated the effectiveness and safety of the technique during primary TKA.We retrospectively reviewed 729 primary TKAs (...) with varus deformity between October 2009 and June 2012. Medial tightness in flexion was released by traditional subperiosteal stripping for the anterior portion of the medial collateral ligament (aMCL). Medial tightness in extension was released by the pie crusting for the tight fibers in the posterior portion of the MCL and/or posteromedial corner structures (pMCL/PMCS). Clinical outcomes were evaluated by Knee Society (KS) scores and the Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index

2015 Journal of Arthroplasty

51. Cyanobacterial community composition in Arctic soil crusts at different stages of development (PubMed)

Cyanobacterial community composition in Arctic soil crusts at different stages of development Cyanobacterial diversity in soil crusts has been extensively studied in arid lands of temperate regions, particularly semi-arid steppes and warm deserts. Nevertheless, Arctic soil crusts have received far less attention than their temperate counterparts. Here, we describe the cyanobacterial communities from various types of soil crusts from Svalbard, High Arctic. Four soil crusts at different (...) development stages (ranging from poorly-developed to well-developed soil crusts) were analysed using 454 pyrosequencing of the V3-V4 variable region of the cyanobacterial 16S rRNA gene. Analyses of 95 660 cyanobacterial sequences revealed a dominance of OTUs belonging to the orders Synechococcales, Oscillatoriales and Nostocales. The most dominant OTUs in the four studied sites were related to the filamentous cyanobacteria Leptolyngbya sp. Phylotype richness estimates increased from poorly- to mid

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2015 FEMS microbiology ecology

52. Isolation of a significant fraction of non-phototroph diversity from a desert Biological Soil Crust (PubMed)

Isolation of a significant fraction of non-phototroph diversity from a desert Biological Soil Crust Biological Soil Crusts (BSCs) are organosedimentary assemblages comprised of microbes and minerals in topsoil of terrestrial environments. BSCs strongly impact soil quality in dryland ecosystems (e.g., soil structure and nutrient yields) due to pioneer species such as Microcoleus vaginatus; phototrophs that produce filaments that bind the soil together, and support an array of heterotrophic

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2015 Frontiers in microbiology

53. Treatment of crusted scabies with acitretin. (PubMed)

Treatment of crusted scabies with acitretin. 25781504 2016 07 11 2015 09 25 1365-2133 173 3 2015 Sep The British journal of dermatology Br. J. Dermatol. Treatment of crusted scabies with acitretin. 862-3 10.1111/bjd.13780 Veraldi S S Department of Pathophysiology and Transplantation, Università degli Studi di Milano, I.R.C.C.S. Foundation, Cà Granda Ospedale Maggiore Policlinico, Milan, Italy. Nazzaro G G Department of Pathophysiology and Transplantation, Università degli Studi di Milano

2015 British Journal of Dermatology

54. An elderly long-term care resident with crusted scabies (PubMed)

An elderly long-term care resident with crusted scabies Crusted scabies is a highly contagious form of scabies. Altered immune response, nutritional deficiencies and modified host response are all risk factors for crusted scabies. The authors report a case involving a patient found to have a chronic maculopapular, erythematous rash with large hyperkeratotic, white and grey plaques on the soles of both feet. An ultimate diagnosis of crusted scabies was reached after a delay in diagnosis

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2015 The Canadian Journal of Infectious Diseases & Medical Microbiology

55. Widespread Crusted Skin Ulcerations in a Man with Type II Diabetes: A Quiz. (PubMed)

Widespread Crusted Skin Ulcerations in a Man with Type II Diabetes: A Quiz. 25365992 2016 01 27 2015 04 29 1651-2057 95 5 2015 May Acta dermato-venereologica Acta Derm. Venereol. Widespread Crusted Skin Ulcerations in a Man with Type II Diabetes: A Quiz. Diagnosis: Malignant syphilis. 632-3 10.2340/00015555-1999 Li Jiu-Hong JH Department of Dermatology, No.1 Hospital of China Medical University, 155N. Nanjing Street, Shenyang 110001, China. Pfkl2011@126.com. Guo Hao H Zheng Song S Li Bo B Gao

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2014 Acta Dermato-Venereologica

56. Biomechanical Validation of Medial Pie-Crusting for Soft-Tissue Balancing in Knee Arthroplasty. (PubMed)

Biomechanical Validation of Medial Pie-Crusting for Soft-Tissue Balancing in Knee Arthroplasty. Balancing a varus knee is traditionally accomplished by releasing the medial soft-tissue sleeve off the tibia. Recently, "pie-crusting" (PC) medial structures has been described. In a biomechanical cadaver study we compared PC to traditional release (TR) to determine their effects on flexion and extension gaps. PC was done in five specimens along the anterior half of the medial soft-tissue sleeve

2014 Journal of Arthroplasty

57. Crusted scabies in remote Australia, a new way forward: lessons and outcomes from the East Arnhem Scabies Control Program. (PubMed)

Crusted scabies in remote Australia, a new way forward: lessons and outcomes from the East Arnhem Scabies Control Program. Crusted scabies is a highly infectious, debilitating and disfiguring disease, and remote Aboriginal communities of northern Australia have the highest reported rates of the condition in the world. We draw on monitoring data of the East Arnhem Scabies Control Program to discuss outcomes and lessons learnt through managing the condition in remote communities. Using active (...) case finding, we identified seven patients with crusted scabies in three communities and found most had not presented to health services despite active disease. We compared presentations and hospitalisations for a cumulative total of 99 months during a novel preventive program with 99 months immediately before the program for the seven cases and seven sentinel household contacts. Our preventive long-term case management approach was associated with a significant 44% reduction in episodes

2014 Medical Journal of Australia

58. High photobiont diversity in the common European soil crust lichen Psora decipiens (PubMed)

High photobiont diversity in the common European soil crust lichen Psora decipiens The genetic diversity of green algal photobionts (chlorobionts) in soil crust forming lichens was studied as part of the SCIN-project (Soil Crust InterNational). A total of 64 lichen samples were collected from four different sites along latitudinal and altitudinal gradients in Europe (Tabernas/Spain; Hochtor-Großglockner/Austria; Gynge Alvar/Sweden; Ruine Homburg/Germany). The dominant lichen species at all four

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2014 Biodiversity and conservation

59. Interactive Effects of Moss-Dominated Crusts and Artemisia ordosica on Wind Erosion and Soil Moisture in Mu Us Sandland, China (PubMed)

Interactive Effects of Moss-Dominated Crusts and Artemisia ordosica on Wind Erosion and Soil Moisture in Mu Us Sandland, China To better understand the effects of biological soil crusts (BSCs) on soil moisture and wind erosion and study the necessity and feasibility of disturbance of BSCs in the Mu Us sandland, the effects of four treatments, including moss-dominated crusts alone, Artemisia ordosica alone, bare sand, and Artemisia ordosica combined with moss-dominated crusts, on rainwater (...) infiltration, soil moisture, and annual wind erosion were observed. The major results are as follows. (1) The development of moss-dominated crusts exacerbated soil moisture consumption and had negative effects on soil moisture in the Mu Us sandland. (2) Moss-dominated crusts significantly increased soil resistance to wind erosion, and when combined with Artemisia ordosica, this effect became more significant. The contribution of moss-dominated crusts under Artemisia ordosica was significantly lower than

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2014 The Scientific World Journal

60. Is the Pie-Crusting Technique Safe for MCL Release in Varus Deformity Correction in Total Knee Arthroplasty? (PubMed)

Is the Pie-Crusting Technique Safe for MCL Release in Varus Deformity Correction in Total Knee Arthroplasty? Established for lateral release in TKA, the pie-crusting technique has not been studied for the medial collateral ligament (MCL). In cadaveric knees the MCL was release with a pie-crusting technique in one and traditional technique in the contralateral knee. Along with a control group, each MCL was subjected to mechanical testing. The stiffness, force and stress required to cause (...) ligament elongation were less in the pie-crusting group (p < 0.05) compared to the control group, but were not statistically different than the traditional group. The pie-crusting group demonstrated a characteristic "stair-step" failure mode at the joint line, whereas the traditional group failed elastically at the tibial insertion. MCL pie-crusting is likely technique dependent since failure occurs within the ligament itself and further study is warranted. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Inc. All rights

2013 Journal of Arthroplasty

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