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21. Malodorous discharge, redness, and crusting of the feet. (PubMed)

Malodorous discharge, redness, and crusting of the feet. This man was initially treated with antifungals and antibiotics based on his history of tinea pedis. But 2 days later, his condition worsened and he was hospitalized.

2017 Journal of Family Practice

22. Successful lichen translocation on disturbed gypsum areas: A test with adhesives to promote the recovery of biological soil crusts (PubMed)

Successful lichen translocation on disturbed gypsum areas: A test with adhesives to promote the recovery of biological soil crusts The loss of biological soil crusts represents a challenge for the restoration of disturbed environments, specifically in particular substrates hosting unique lichen communities. However, the recovery of lichen species affected by mining is rarely addressed in restoration projects. Here, we evaluate the translocation of Diploschistes diacapsis, a representative

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2017 Scientific reports

23. Closing the Brief Case: Crusted Scabies in a Leukemic Patient following a Stay in a Long-Term Acute Care Facility (PubMed)

Closing the Brief Case: Crusted Scabies in a Leukemic Patient following a Stay in a Long-Term Acute Care Facility 28442617 2018 07 24 2018 07 24 1098-660X 55 5 2017 05 Journal of clinical microbiology J. Clin. Microbiol. Closing the Brief Case: Crusted Scabies in a Leukemic Patient following a Stay in a Long-Term Acute Care Facility. 1599-1600 10.1128/JCM.02375-16 Ghosh Toshi T Department of Laboratory Medicine and Pathology, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota, USA ghosh.toshi@mayo.edu

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2017 Journal of clinical microbiology

24. The Brief Case: Crusted Scabies in a Leukemic Patient following a Stay in a Long-Term Acute Care Facility (PubMed)

The Brief Case: Crusted Scabies in a Leukemic Patient following a Stay in a Long-Term Acute Care Facility 28442611 2018 07 24 2018 11 13 1098-660X 55 5 2017 05 Journal of clinical microbiology J. Clin. Microbiol. The Brief Case: Crusted Scabies in a Leukemic Patient following a Stay in a Long-Term Acute Care Facility. 1233-1236 10.1128/JCM.02350-16 Ghosh Toshi T Department of Laboratory Medicine and Pathology, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota, USA ghosh.toshi@mayo.edu. Jandhyala Deeksha D

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2017 Journal of clinical microbiology

25. Microbial Community Structure and the Persistence of Cyanobacterial Populations in Salt Crusts of the Hyperarid Atacama Desert from Genome-Resolved Metagenomics (PubMed)

Microbial Community Structure and the Persistence of Cyanobacterial Populations in Salt Crusts of the Hyperarid Atacama Desert from Genome-Resolved Metagenomics Although once thought to be devoid of biology, recent studies have identified salt deposits as oases for life in the hyperarid Atacama Desert. To examine spatial patterns of microbial species and key nutrient sources, we genomically characterized 26 salt crusts from three sites along a fog gradient. The communities are dominated

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2017 Frontiers in microbiology

26. Reduced and unstratified crust in CV chondrite parent body (PubMed)

Reduced and unstratified crust in CV chondrite parent body Early Solar System planetesimal thermal models predict the heating of the chondritic protolith and the preservation of a chondritic crust on differentiated parent bodies. Petrological and geochemical analyses of chondrites have suggested that secondary alteration phases formed at low temperatures (<300 °C) by fluid-rock interaction where reduced and oxidized Vigarano type Carbonaceous (CV) chondrites witness different physicochemical

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2017 Nature communications

27. Biological Soil Crusts of Arctic Svalbard—Water Availability as Potential Controlling Factor for Microalgal Biodiversity (PubMed)

Biological Soil Crusts of Arctic Svalbard—Water Availability as Potential Controlling Factor for Microalgal Biodiversity In the present study the biodiversity of biological soil crusts (BSCs) formed by phototrophic organisms were investigated on Arctic Svalbard (Norway). These communities exert several important ecological functions and constitute a significant part of vegetation at high latitudes. Non-diatom eukaryotic microalgal species of BSCs from 20 sampling stations around Ny-Ålesund

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2017 Frontiers in microbiology

28. Microbial Nursery Production of High-Quality Biological Soil Crust Biomass for Restoration of Degraded Dryland Soils (PubMed)

Microbial Nursery Production of High-Quality Biological Soil Crust Biomass for Restoration of Degraded Dryland Soils Biological soil crusts (biocrusts) are slow-growing, phototroph-based microbial assemblages that develop on the topsoils of drylands. Biocrusts help maintain soil fertility and reduce erosion. Because their loss through human activities has negative ecological and environmental health consequences, biocrust restoration is of interest. Active soil inoculation with biocrust (...) minimizing microbial community shifts (assessed by 16S rRNA sequencing and bioinformatics), particularly for crust-forming cyanobacteria. Generally, doubling the frequency of natural wetting events, a 60% reduction in sunlight, and inoculation by slurry were optimal. Nutrient addition effects were site specific. In 4 months, our approach yielded crusts of high inoculum quality reared on local soil exposed to locally matched climates, acclimated to desiccation, and containing communities minimally shifted

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2017 Applied and environmental microbiology

29. Evaluation of the Availability and Antioxidant Capacity of Maillard Compounds Present in Bread Crust: Studies in Caco-2 Cells (PubMed)

Evaluation of the Availability and Antioxidant Capacity of Maillard Compounds Present in Bread Crust: Studies in Caco-2 Cells Bread crust is one of the major contributors to the intake of Maillard reaction products (MRP). MRP improve the organoleptic properties of foods and can provide biological actions such as antioxidant properties. The transport and availability of Amadori compounds (measured as furosine) and hydroxymethylfurfural (HMF)-early and intermediary MRP-from enzymatically digested (...) bread crust (BC) and from its soluble low-molecular weight (LMW) and high-molecular weight (HMW) fractions were investigated in the Caco-2 cell line. The absorption of the early and final MRP pool was tested by measuring the absorbance recovery (280 and 420 nm). The ability of soluble BC or its fractions to lessen the production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) was examined. Amadori compounds (furosine) were transported across Caco-2 cell monolayers from the soluble BC in percentages ranging between

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2017 Foods

30. Stress buildup and drop in inland shallow crust caused by the 2011 Tohoku-oki earthquake events (PubMed)

Stress buildup and drop in inland shallow crust caused by the 2011 Tohoku-oki earthquake events To examine the change in stress between before and after the Tohoku-oki Mw9.0 earthquake, we performed stress measurements after the earthquake in the Kamaishi mine in Iwate prefecture in northern Japan, located near the northern termination of the mainshock rupture, following previous measurements before the earthquake in the same mine. The results showed that the magnitudes of the three-dimensional

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2017 Scientific reports

31. Nonuniform subduction of the Indian crust beneath the Himalayas (PubMed)

Nonuniform subduction of the Indian crust beneath the Himalayas Himalayan tectonic activity is triggered by downward penetration of the Indian plate beneath the Asian plate. The subsurface geometry of this interaction has not been fully investigated. This study presents novel constraints on this geometry provided by two newly obtained, deep seismic reflection profiles. The profiles cover 100- and 60-km transects across the Yarlung-Zangbo suture of the Himalaya-Tibet orogen at c. 88°E. Both (...) profiles show a crustal-scale outline of the subducting Indian crust. This outline clearly shows Indian understhrusting southern Tibet, but only to a limited degree. When combined with a third seismic reflection profile of the western Himalayas, the new profiles reveal progressive, eastward steepening and shortening in the horizontal advance of the subducting Indian crust.

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2017 Scientific reports

32. Biological soil crusts determine the germination and growth of two exotic plants (PubMed)

Biological soil crusts determine the germination and growth of two exotic plants In arid and semiarid ecosystems, the potential threats of exotic invasive species are enhanced due to increasing human activities. Biological soil crusts (BSCs), acting as arid ecosystem engineers, may play an important role in preventing the establishment of exotic invasive plants. Our goal was to examine whether BSCs could inhibit the establishment of probable exotic plant species originating from adjacent (...) grasslands located along the southeast edge of the Tengger Desert. In our study, we investigated the effects of three BSC types (cyanobacteria, lichen, and moss crusts) under two disturbance conditions (intact and disturbed) on the establishment of two exotic plant species (Ceratoides latens and Setaria viridis) using indoor experiments. We found both negative and positive effects of BSCs on the establishment of the two exotic plant species. Compared with the disturbed BSCs, the germination percentages

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2017 Ecology and evolution

33. Microbial Community and Biochemical Dynamics of Biological Soil Crusts across a Gradient of Surface Coverage in the Central Mojave Desert (PubMed)

Microbial Community and Biochemical Dynamics of Biological Soil Crusts across a Gradient of Surface Coverage in the Central Mojave Desert In this study, we expand upon the biogeography of biological soil crusts (BSCs) and provide molecular insights into the microbial community and biochemical dynamics along the vertical BSC column structure, and across a transect of increasing BSC surface coverage in the central Mojave Desert, CA, United States. Next generation sequencing reveals a bacterial

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2017 Frontiers in microbiology

34. Cyanobacterial diversity of western European biological soil crusts along a latitudinal gradient (PubMed)

Cyanobacterial diversity of western European biological soil crusts along a latitudinal gradient Cyanobacteria associated with biological soil crusts (BSCs) have important attributes, such as nitrogen fixation and soil stabilisation. However, research on these organisms has been minimal, and their diversity and distribution throughout temperate Europe is currently unknown. The SCIN (Soil Crust International) project is a multidisciplinary research initiative that aims to achieve improved

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2016 FEMS microbiology ecology

35. Microbial Diversity in Sediment Ecosystems (Evaporites Domes, Microbial Mats, and Crusts) of Hypersaline Laguna Tebenquiche, Salar de Atacama, Chile (PubMed)

Microbial Diversity in Sediment Ecosystems (Evaporites Domes, Microbial Mats, and Crusts) of Hypersaline Laguna Tebenquiche, Salar de Atacama, Chile We combined nucleic acid-based molecular methods, biogeochemical measurements, and physicochemical characteristics to investigate microbial sedimentary ecosystems of Laguna Tebenquiche, Atacama Desert, Chile. Molecular diversity, and biogeochemistry of hypersaline microbial mats, rhizome-associated concretions, and an endoevaporite were compared

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2016 Frontiers in microbiology

36. Efficacy Study Between Two Different Dosages of an Antiparasitic in Patients With Crusted Scabies

Efficacy Study Between Two Different Dosages of an Antiparasitic in Patients With Crusted Scabies Efficacy Study Between Two Different Dosages of an Antiparasitic in Patients With Crusted Scabies - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting registration or results information. Search for terms x × Study Record Detail Saved Studies Save this study Warning You have reached the maximum number of saved studies (100). Please remove (...) one or more studies before adding more. Efficacy Study Between Two Different Dosages of an Antiparasitic in Patients With Crusted Scabies (GALECRUSTED) The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our for details. ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02841215 Recruitment Status : Unknown Verified December 2016 by Assistance Publique - Hôpitaux de

2016 Clinical Trials

37. Severe pruritus · Crusted lesions affecting face, extremities, and trunk · Hepatitis C virus carrier · Dx? (PubMed)

Severe pruritus · Crusted lesions affecting face, extremities, and trunk · Hepatitis C virus carrier · Dx? The patient had visited various clinics for her complaints and was diagnosed as having contact dermatitis and senile pruritus. She was prescribed topical mometasone furoate and moisturizers. After 6 months of using this therapy, widespread grey-white plaques and minimal excoriation appeared on her face, scalp, and trunk. This was diagnosed as psoriasis, and the patient was prescribed

2016 Journal of Family Practice

38. Open arthrolysis with pie-crusting release of the triceps tendon for treating post-traumatic contracture of the elbow. (PubMed)

Open arthrolysis with pie-crusting release of the triceps tendon for treating post-traumatic contracture of the elbow. Extensive loss of elbow flexion compromises the performance of daily activities. We examined the clinical outcomes of patients with post-traumatic extension contracture of the elbow treated with open arthrolysis and pie-crusting release of the triceps tendon.We retrospectively reviewed the records of 7 patients (5 men and 2 women; mean age, 35 years) who underwent open (...) arthrolysis via a combined lateral and medial approach with pie-crusting release of the triceps tendon for the treatment of post-traumatic elbow stiffness. All the patients had heterotopic ossification that restricted elbow motion and underwent removal of the ossified tissue and capsular release. The triceps tendon was gradually stretched by making multiple stab incisions on the tendon by using a No. 11 surgical blade. The range of motion of the elbow was recorded both preoperatively and at the final

2016 Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery

39. An Algorithmic, Pie-Crusting Medial Soft Tissue Release Reduces the Need for Constrained Inserts Patients With Severe Varus Deformity Undergoing Total Knee Arthroplasty. (PubMed)

An Algorithmic, Pie-Crusting Medial Soft Tissue Release Reduces the Need for Constrained Inserts Patients With Severe Varus Deformity Undergoing Total Knee Arthroplasty. We studied the need to use a constrained insert for residual intraoperative instability and the 1-year result of patients undergoing total knee arthroplasty (TKA) for a varus deformity. In a control group, a "classic" subperiosteal release of the medial soft tissue sleeve was performed as popularized by pioneers of TKA (...) . In the study group, an algorithmic approach that selectively releases and pie-crusts posteromedial structures in extension and anteromedial structures in flexion was used.All surgeries were performed by a single surgeon using measured resection technique, and posterior-stabilized, cemented implants. There were 228 TKAs in the control group and 188 in the study group. Outcome variables included the use of a constrained insert, and the Knee Society Score at 6 weeks, 4 months, and 1 year postoperatively

2016 Journal of Arthroplasty

40. Magnetic field evolution in magnetar crusts through three-dimensional simulations (PubMed)

Magnetic field evolution in magnetar crusts through three-dimensional simulations Current models of magnetars require extremely strong magnetic fields to explain their observed quiescent and bursting emission, implying that the field strength within the star's outer crust is orders of magnitude larger than the dipole component inferred from spin-down measurements. This presents a serious challenge to theories of magnetic field generation in a proto-neutron star. Here, we present detailed (...) modeling of the evolution of the magnetic field in the crust of a neutron star through 3D simulations. We find that, in the plausible scenario of equipartition of energy between global-scale poloidal and toroidal magnetic components, magnetic instabilities transfer energy to nonaxisymmetric, kilometer-sized magnetic features, in which the local field strength can greatly exceed that of the global-scale field. These intense small-scale magnetic features can induce high-energy bursts through local crust

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2016 Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America

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