How to Trip Rapid Review

Step 1: Select articles relevant to your search (remember the system is only optimised for single intervention studies)

Step 2: press

Step 3: review the result, and maybe amend the or if you know better! If we're unsure of the overall sentiment of the trial we will display the conclusion under the article title. We then require you to tell us what the correct sentiment is.

2,556 results for

Crust

by
...
Latest & greatest
Alerts

Export results

Use check boxes to select individual results below

SmartSearch available

Trip's SmartSearch engine has discovered connected searches & results. Click to show

21. Differential Responses of Dinitrogen Fixation, Diazotrophic Cyanobacteria and Ammonia Oxidation Reveal a Potential Warming-Induced Imbalance of the N-Cycle in Biological Soil Crusts. (PubMed)

Differential Responses of Dinitrogen Fixation, Diazotrophic Cyanobacteria and Ammonia Oxidation Reveal a Potential Warming-Induced Imbalance of the N-Cycle in Biological Soil Crusts. N2 fixation and ammonia oxidation (AO) are the two most important processes in the nitrogen (N) cycle of biological soil crusts (BSCs). We studied the short-term response of acetylene reduction assay (ARA) rates, an indicator of potential N2 fixation, and AO rates to temperature (T, -5°C to 35°C) in BSC (...) of different successional stages along the BSC ecological succession and geographic origin (hot Chihuahuan and cooler Great Basin deserts). ARA in all BSCs increased with T until saturation occurred between 15 and 20°C, and declined at 30-35°C. Culture studies using cyanobacteria isolated from these crusts indicated that the saturating effect was traceable to their inability to grow well diazotrophically within the high temperature range. Below saturation, temperature response was exponential, with Q10

Full Text available with Trip Pro

2016 PLoS ONE

22. Malodorous discharge, redness, and crusting of the feet. (PubMed)

Malodorous discharge, redness, and crusting of the feet. This man was initially treated with antifungals and antibiotics based on his history of tinea pedis. But 2 days later, his condition worsened and he was hospitalized.

2017 Journal of Family Practice

23. Successful lichen translocation on disturbed gypsum areas: A test with adhesives to promote the recovery of biological soil crusts (PubMed)

Successful lichen translocation on disturbed gypsum areas: A test with adhesives to promote the recovery of biological soil crusts The loss of biological soil crusts represents a challenge for the restoration of disturbed environments, specifically in particular substrates hosting unique lichen communities. However, the recovery of lichen species affected by mining is rarely addressed in restoration projects. Here, we evaluate the translocation of Diploschistes diacapsis, a representative

Full Text available with Trip Pro

2017 Scientific reports

24. Closing the Brief Case: Crusted Scabies in a Leukemic Patient following a Stay in a Long-Term Acute Care Facility (PubMed)

Closing the Brief Case: Crusted Scabies in a Leukemic Patient following a Stay in a Long-Term Acute Care Facility 28442617 2018 07 24 2018 07 24 1098-660X 55 5 2017 05 Journal of clinical microbiology J. Clin. Microbiol. Closing the Brief Case: Crusted Scabies in a Leukemic Patient following a Stay in a Long-Term Acute Care Facility. 1599-1600 10.1128/JCM.02375-16 Ghosh Toshi T Department of Laboratory Medicine and Pathology, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota, USA ghosh.toshi@mayo.edu

Full Text available with Trip Pro

2017 Journal of clinical microbiology

25. The Brief Case: Crusted Scabies in a Leukemic Patient following a Stay in a Long-Term Acute Care Facility (PubMed)

The Brief Case: Crusted Scabies in a Leukemic Patient following a Stay in a Long-Term Acute Care Facility 28442611 2018 07 24 2018 11 13 1098-660X 55 5 2017 05 Journal of clinical microbiology J. Clin. Microbiol. The Brief Case: Crusted Scabies in a Leukemic Patient following a Stay in a Long-Term Acute Care Facility. 1233-1236 10.1128/JCM.02350-16 Ghosh Toshi T Department of Laboratory Medicine and Pathology, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota, USA ghosh.toshi@mayo.edu. Jandhyala Deeksha D

Full Text available with Trip Pro

2017 Journal of clinical microbiology

26. Microbial Community Structure and the Persistence of Cyanobacterial Populations in Salt Crusts of the Hyperarid Atacama Desert from Genome-Resolved Metagenomics (PubMed)

Microbial Community Structure and the Persistence of Cyanobacterial Populations in Salt Crusts of the Hyperarid Atacama Desert from Genome-Resolved Metagenomics Although once thought to be devoid of biology, recent studies have identified salt deposits as oases for life in the hyperarid Atacama Desert. To examine spatial patterns of microbial species and key nutrient sources, we genomically characterized 26 salt crusts from three sites along a fog gradient. The communities are dominated

Full Text available with Trip Pro

2017 Frontiers in microbiology

27. Reduced and unstratified crust in CV chondrite parent body (PubMed)

Reduced and unstratified crust in CV chondrite parent body Early Solar System planetesimal thermal models predict the heating of the chondritic protolith and the preservation of a chondritic crust on differentiated parent bodies. Petrological and geochemical analyses of chondrites have suggested that secondary alteration phases formed at low temperatures (<300 °C) by fluid-rock interaction where reduced and oxidized Vigarano type Carbonaceous (CV) chondrites witness different physicochemical

Full Text available with Trip Pro

2017 Nature communications

28. Biological Soil Crusts of Arctic Svalbard—Water Availability as Potential Controlling Factor for Microalgal Biodiversity (PubMed)

Biological Soil Crusts of Arctic Svalbard—Water Availability as Potential Controlling Factor for Microalgal Biodiversity In the present study the biodiversity of biological soil crusts (BSCs) formed by phototrophic organisms were investigated on Arctic Svalbard (Norway). These communities exert several important ecological functions and constitute a significant part of vegetation at high latitudes. Non-diatom eukaryotic microalgal species of BSCs from 20 sampling stations around Ny-Ålesund

Full Text available with Trip Pro

2017 Frontiers in microbiology

29. Microbial Nursery Production of High-Quality Biological Soil Crust Biomass for Restoration of Degraded Dryland Soils (PubMed)

Microbial Nursery Production of High-Quality Biological Soil Crust Biomass for Restoration of Degraded Dryland Soils Biological soil crusts (biocrusts) are slow-growing, phototroph-based microbial assemblages that develop on the topsoils of drylands. Biocrusts help maintain soil fertility and reduce erosion. Because their loss through human activities has negative ecological and environmental health consequences, biocrust restoration is of interest. Active soil inoculation with biocrust (...) minimizing microbial community shifts (assessed by 16S rRNA sequencing and bioinformatics), particularly for crust-forming cyanobacteria. Generally, doubling the frequency of natural wetting events, a 60% reduction in sunlight, and inoculation by slurry were optimal. Nutrient addition effects were site specific. In 4 months, our approach yielded crusts of high inoculum quality reared on local soil exposed to locally matched climates, acclimated to desiccation, and containing communities minimally shifted

Full Text available with Trip Pro

2017 Applied and environmental microbiology

30. Evaluation of the Availability and Antioxidant Capacity of Maillard Compounds Present in Bread Crust: Studies in Caco-2 Cells (PubMed)

Evaluation of the Availability and Antioxidant Capacity of Maillard Compounds Present in Bread Crust: Studies in Caco-2 Cells Bread crust is one of the major contributors to the intake of Maillard reaction products (MRP). MRP improve the organoleptic properties of foods and can provide biological actions such as antioxidant properties. The transport and availability of Amadori compounds (measured as furosine) and hydroxymethylfurfural (HMF)-early and intermediary MRP-from enzymatically digested (...) bread crust (BC) and from its soluble low-molecular weight (LMW) and high-molecular weight (HMW) fractions were investigated in the Caco-2 cell line. The absorption of the early and final MRP pool was tested by measuring the absorbance recovery (280 and 420 nm). The ability of soluble BC or its fractions to lessen the production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) was examined. Amadori compounds (furosine) were transported across Caco-2 cell monolayers from the soluble BC in percentages ranging between

Full Text available with Trip Pro

2017 Foods

31. Stress buildup and drop in inland shallow crust caused by the 2011 Tohoku-oki earthquake events (PubMed)

Stress buildup and drop in inland shallow crust caused by the 2011 Tohoku-oki earthquake events To examine the change in stress between before and after the Tohoku-oki Mw9.0 earthquake, we performed stress measurements after the earthquake in the Kamaishi mine in Iwate prefecture in northern Japan, located near the northern termination of the mainshock rupture, following previous measurements before the earthquake in the same mine. The results showed that the magnitudes of the three-dimensional

Full Text available with Trip Pro

2017 Scientific reports

32. Nonuniform subduction of the Indian crust beneath the Himalayas (PubMed)

Nonuniform subduction of the Indian crust beneath the Himalayas Himalayan tectonic activity is triggered by downward penetration of the Indian plate beneath the Asian plate. The subsurface geometry of this interaction has not been fully investigated. This study presents novel constraints on this geometry provided by two newly obtained, deep seismic reflection profiles. The profiles cover 100- and 60-km transects across the Yarlung-Zangbo suture of the Himalaya-Tibet orogen at c. 88°E. Both (...) profiles show a crustal-scale outline of the subducting Indian crust. This outline clearly shows Indian understhrusting southern Tibet, but only to a limited degree. When combined with a third seismic reflection profile of the western Himalayas, the new profiles reveal progressive, eastward steepening and shortening in the horizontal advance of the subducting Indian crust.

Full Text available with Trip Pro

2017 Scientific reports

33. Biological soil crusts determine the germination and growth of two exotic plants (PubMed)

Biological soil crusts determine the germination and growth of two exotic plants In arid and semiarid ecosystems, the potential threats of exotic invasive species are enhanced due to increasing human activities. Biological soil crusts (BSCs), acting as arid ecosystem engineers, may play an important role in preventing the establishment of exotic invasive plants. Our goal was to examine whether BSCs could inhibit the establishment of probable exotic plant species originating from adjacent (...) grasslands located along the southeast edge of the Tengger Desert. In our study, we investigated the effects of three BSC types (cyanobacteria, lichen, and moss crusts) under two disturbance conditions (intact and disturbed) on the establishment of two exotic plant species (Ceratoides latens and Setaria viridis) using indoor experiments. We found both negative and positive effects of BSCs on the establishment of the two exotic plant species. Compared with the disturbed BSCs, the germination percentages

Full Text available with Trip Pro

2017 Ecology and evolution

34. Microbial Community and Biochemical Dynamics of Biological Soil Crusts across a Gradient of Surface Coverage in the Central Mojave Desert (PubMed)

Microbial Community and Biochemical Dynamics of Biological Soil Crusts across a Gradient of Surface Coverage in the Central Mojave Desert In this study, we expand upon the biogeography of biological soil crusts (BSCs) and provide molecular insights into the microbial community and biochemical dynamics along the vertical BSC column structure, and across a transect of increasing BSC surface coverage in the central Mojave Desert, CA, United States. Next generation sequencing reveals a bacterial

Full Text available with Trip Pro

2017 Frontiers in microbiology

35. A comparative study on nasal packing after septoplasty: does it matter in terms of patient comfort, bleeding, and crust or synechia formation? (PubMed)

A comparative study on nasal packing after septoplasty: does it matter in terms of patient comfort, bleeding, and crust or synechia formation? This study aims to compare pain, bleeding, nasal obstruction, crust and synechia formation, and anesthesia-related morbidity in patients with and without use of nasal packs after septoplasty.A total of 66 patients (32 women, 34 men; mean age 24 years; range 18 to 48 years) who underwent Cottle's septoplasty under general anesthesia were randomly (...) allocated to three groups in this prospective cohort. Telfa nasal packs were used in sutures + telfa group (n=22) and Merocell nasal packs in merocel alone group (n=22). No packs were administered in sutures alone group (n=22). Three groups were compared in terms of nasal obstruction, bleeding, pain, crust and synechia formation, as well as the amount of secretion, the need for oropharyngeal airway, the presence of laryngospasm, and effort for nasal breathing after anesthesia.The amount of bleeding

Full Text available with Trip Pro

2017 Kulak burun bogaz ihtisas dergisi : KBB = Journal of ear, nose, and throat Controlled trial quality: uncertain

36. Cyanobacterial diversity of western European biological soil crusts along a latitudinal gradient (PubMed)

Cyanobacterial diversity of western European biological soil crusts along a latitudinal gradient Cyanobacteria associated with biological soil crusts (BSCs) have important attributes, such as nitrogen fixation and soil stabilisation. However, research on these organisms has been minimal, and their diversity and distribution throughout temperate Europe is currently unknown. The SCIN (Soil Crust International) project is a multidisciplinary research initiative that aims to achieve improved

Full Text available with Trip Pro

2016 FEMS microbiology ecology

37. Microbial Diversity in Sediment Ecosystems (Evaporites Domes, Microbial Mats, and Crusts) of Hypersaline Laguna Tebenquiche, Salar de Atacama, Chile (PubMed)

Microbial Diversity in Sediment Ecosystems (Evaporites Domes, Microbial Mats, and Crusts) of Hypersaline Laguna Tebenquiche, Salar de Atacama, Chile We combined nucleic acid-based molecular methods, biogeochemical measurements, and physicochemical characteristics to investigate microbial sedimentary ecosystems of Laguna Tebenquiche, Atacama Desert, Chile. Molecular diversity, and biogeochemistry of hypersaline microbial mats, rhizome-associated concretions, and an endoevaporite were compared

Full Text available with Trip Pro

2016 Frontiers in microbiology

38. Efficacy Study Between Two Different Dosages of an Antiparasitic in Patients With Crusted Scabies

Efficacy Study Between Two Different Dosages of an Antiparasitic in Patients With Crusted Scabies Efficacy Study Between Two Different Dosages of an Antiparasitic in Patients With Crusted Scabies - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting registration or results information. Search for terms x × Study Record Detail Saved Studies Save this study Warning You have reached the maximum number of saved studies (100). Please remove (...) one or more studies before adding more. Efficacy Study Between Two Different Dosages of an Antiparasitic in Patients With Crusted Scabies (GALECRUSTED) The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our for details. ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02841215 Recruitment Status : Unknown Verified December 2016 by Assistance Publique - Hôpitaux de

2016 Clinical Trials

39. Severe pruritus · Crusted lesions affecting face, extremities, and trunk · Hepatitis C virus carrier · Dx? (PubMed)

Severe pruritus · Crusted lesions affecting face, extremities, and trunk · Hepatitis C virus carrier · Dx? The patient had visited various clinics for her complaints and was diagnosed as having contact dermatitis and senile pruritus. She was prescribed topical mometasone furoate and moisturizers. After 6 months of using this therapy, widespread grey-white plaques and minimal excoriation appeared on her face, scalp, and trunk. This was diagnosed as psoriasis, and the patient was prescribed

2016 Journal of Family Practice

40. Open arthrolysis with pie-crusting release of the triceps tendon for treating post-traumatic contracture of the elbow. (PubMed)

Open arthrolysis with pie-crusting release of the triceps tendon for treating post-traumatic contracture of the elbow. Extensive loss of elbow flexion compromises the performance of daily activities. We examined the clinical outcomes of patients with post-traumatic extension contracture of the elbow treated with open arthrolysis and pie-crusting release of the triceps tendon.We retrospectively reviewed the records of 7 patients (5 men and 2 women; mean age, 35 years) who underwent open (...) arthrolysis via a combined lateral and medial approach with pie-crusting release of the triceps tendon for the treatment of post-traumatic elbow stiffness. All the patients had heterotopic ossification that restricted elbow motion and underwent removal of the ossified tissue and capsular release. The triceps tendon was gradually stretched by making multiple stab incisions on the tendon by using a No. 11 surgical blade. The range of motion of the elbow was recorded both preoperatively and at the final

2016 Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery

To help you find the content you need quickly, you can filter your results via the categories on the right-hand side >>>>