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181. Average Distance to the Nearest Forest is Increasing with Forest Loss in the US

, which gives the initial forest state. Example B and D show “aggregated attrition” or the loss of complete intact sections—say, you have a large pizza and someone grabbed a giant slice out of it. Examples C and E show equal decreases in area as B and D, but are more random—the term used here is “dispersed attrition.” Think more like one of those thin crust pizzas where you can grab pieces out of the middle. Figure One, from Yang and Mountrakis (2017). Case (a) shows the initial forest state followed (...) importance in land use and land cover change studies. And if you want to stick with that ill-advised pizza metaphor, imagine someone who only eats crusts or just takes bites out of random pieces and puts them back. Hopefully no one eats pizza like that, though. Ugh. Yang and Mountrakis delve into the connection between forest cover and forest attrition. They find a non-linear relationship where initially, as forest cover decreases, forest attrition increases slowly. As forest cover decreases past

2017 PLOS Blogs Network

184. A quick update on the migration to a new domain

selective pressure and how to take up some yeast from the top of my fermenters without spoiling the beer but that's a work in progress with due date around end of January 2018 when I'll fabricate the kit and fermenters. What I meant to say is that, I will test with yeast based pizza crust but if it's not a success, dry yeast will be fine. They both come from the same family. Alain to post comments By Alain (not verified) on 27 Oct 2017 to post comments By Jane Ostentatious (not verified) on 27 Oct 2017

2017 Respectful Insolence

185. Topical administration

( ). Eczema causes the skin to become itchy and inflamed which causes the skin to become red and dry and in severe cases may result in weeping, blistered, crusted, scaly and thickened skin ( ). The state of skin can have detrimental effects on the child’s sleep which causes tiredness and irritability ( ). NICE guidelines ( ) suggest eczema should be treated in a stepped approach which is individualised for each patient. Emollients form the basis of eczema treatment and should be applied regularly even

2015 Great Ormond Street Hospital

187. Interventions for atrophic rhinitis. (PubMed)

Interventions for atrophic rhinitis. Atrophic rhinitis is a chronic nasal pathology characterised by the formation of thick dry crusts in a roomy nasal cavity, which has resulted from progressive atrophy of the nasal mucosa and underlying bone. The common symptoms may include foetor, ozaena, crusting/nasal obstruction, epistaxis, anosmia/cacosmia and secondary infection with maggot infestation. Its prevalence varies in different regions of the world and it is common in tropical countries

2012 Cochrane

188. Halo traction

undergoing orthopaedic procedures consists of observation of the site for infection, cleaning and removing crusts and applying dressings. However, take a nihilistic approach and recommend showering without any other physical pin cleaning procedures in children undergoing external fixator procedures. There is no evidence-based practice for pin cleaning in children wearing halo vest jackets ( ). Rationale 26: Pin site scarring is possible, and all possible attempts at reducing the likelihood

2014 Great Ormond Street Hospital

189. Gastrostomy management

will also see a ‘crust’ forming. This is caused by the latex irritating the tract; this helps the healing process and is expected. Although it is difficult to clean the stoma site due to the suture, it is important to be scrupulous with this ( ). The site should be cleaned daily with gauze swabs and water ensuring the skin is dried thoroughly after. The Malecot TM tube is usually removed at the six-week clinic appointment. The replacement device of choice is a low profile balloon device commonly

2014 Great Ormond Street Hospital

191. British Association of Dermatologists' guidelines for the management of tinea capitis

capitis 2014, L.C. Fuller et al. 455Kerion Also known as ‘kerion celsi’, this is the term given to tinea capitis presenting as a painful, boggy, in?ammatory mass with associated alopecia. Plaques may be solitary or multiple, studded with pustules and matted with thick crust. Regional lymphadenopathy is common. This variant represents a delayed host in?ammatory response to the causative dermatophyte. Mis- diagnosis as bacterial abscess is not uncommon; however, sec- ondary bacterial infection should (...) not be overlooked. Kerion is commonly seen with zoophilic, large-spore ectothrix species (e.g. T. Mentagrophytes, T. verrucosum); however, this has been superseded in recent years by endothrix infections with either T. tonsurans or T. violaceum, particularly in urban areas. 10 Favus A chronic, in?ammatory tinea capitis typically seen in T. schoenleinii infection, this variant is most commonly encoun- tered in the Middle East and North Africa. Favus is character- ized by yellow, crusted, cup-shaped lesions

2014 British Association of Dermatologists

192. British Association of Dermatologists' guidelines for the management of squamous cell carcinoma in situ (Bowen's disease)

and antiviral activity. It is available as a topical 5% cream and has been used to treat SCC in situ, although its licence in the U.K. is only for super?cial BCCs, actinic keratoses and genital warts. It is generally well tolerated, but it does cause signi?cant erythema and crusting, so appropriate counselling needs to be given prior to treat- ment. The best evidence remains a small RCT demonstrating 73% histologically proven resolution with once-daily application for 16 weeks, vs. zero response

2014 British Association of Dermatologists

193. Kawasaki disease. The importance of prompt recognition and early referral

of incomplete Kawasaki disease: a nation- wide survey in japan. eur j Pediatr 2012;171:651–6. 14. uehara R, Igarashi h, y ashiro M, nakamura y , yanagawa h. Kawasaki disease patients with redness or crust formation at the Bacille calmette- Guerin inoculation site. Pediatr Infect Dis j 2010;29:430–3. 15. Benseler SM, Mccrindle BW, Silverman eD, Tyrrell Pn, Wong j, y eung RS. Infections and Kawasaki disease: implications for coronary artery outcome. Pediatrics 2005;116:e760–6. 16. Davies hD, Kirk V , jadavji

2014 Clinical Practice Guidelines Portal

195. Nd:YAG Laser for the Treatment of Patients with Hidradenitis Suppurativa

/6 patients completed study Disease rating: • tx: increased from 2.4 (SD 0.33) to 2.75 (SD 2.56) • control: increased from 3.05 (SD: 1.89) to 3.15 (SD: 2.77) (difference not significant) Patient satisfaction: • 80% “very satisfied” with treatment • 20% “unsatisfied” with treatment • No patient reported an adverse event within 48 hours of treatment • No pain, swelling, redness, crusting, changes in skin pigmentation • Withdrawal was not due to an adverse event • Nd:YAG was found to be safe, even

2013 Canadian Agency for Drugs and Technologies in Health - Rapid Review

196. Erosive pustular dermatosis of the scalp: a neutrophilic folliculitis within the spectrum of neutrophilic dermatoses. A clinicopathologic study of thirty cases. (PubMed)

at the Dermatopathology Unit of Turin University.Thirty elderly patients with EPDS were identified (22 men and 8 women). Androgenetic alopecia was present in 19 of 30 patients. Triggering factors included mechanical trauma in 10 of 30 cases, surgical procedures in 4 of 30 cases, and herpes zoster in 1 of 30 cases. Three patients were affected by autoimmune disorders. The vertex was the most common location. Disease presentation varied markedly from tiny, erosive, scaly lesions to crusted and hemorrhagic plaques

2018 Journal of American Academy of Dermatology

197. Randomized clinical trial of famciclovir or acyclovir for the treatment of herpes zoster in adults. (PubMed)

) five times daily for 7 days. The primary endpoint was defined as the time to full crusting of herpes zoster lesions. Secondary endpoints were the proportion of patients who achieved complete cure and the change in score of signs/symptoms (pain, vesicular lesions, loss of sensitivity, burning pain, and pruritus) according to the patient diary. This study has been registered at ClinicalTrials.gov (NCT01327144).One hundred and seventy-four patients were enrolled and randomized; 151 of these patients (...) completed treatment (n=75 famciclovir, n=76 acyclovir). A similar proportion of patients who received acyclovir (94.74%) and famciclovir (94.67%) achieved complete cure. The mean time to full crusting of herpes zoster lesions was 15.033days in the acyclovir group and 14.840days in the famciclovir group (log-rank p-value=0.820). The most common adverse events in the pooled groups were headache, diarrhea, nausea, back pain, cold, and drowsiness, but none of these was deemed to be clinically important.Both

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2018 International journal of infectious diseases : IJID : official publication of the International Society for Infectious Diseases

198. High-voltage electric stimulation of the donor site of skin grafts accelerates the healing process. A randomized blinded clinical trial. (PubMed)

spontaneously in days decreased (p<0.05) (4.7±0.2) compared to the GS group (7.0±1.3). Donor site healing characteristics such as vascularization, pigmentation, height, the quantity of crust formed, irregularities, and the quality of healing was better in the GES; moreover, homogeneity and inertia of the images confirmed higher healing quality.As a result of the study, the technology shows promise and merits a larger study with objective assessments and different physical variables.Copyright © 2017 Elsevier

2018 Burns : journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries

199. Randomized double-masked trial of eyelid cleansing treatments for blepharitis. (PubMed)

), and a greater decrease in SANDE symptoms score was also observed (p = 0.04). Meibomian gland capping and MUC5AC expression worsened with baby shampoo treatment (both p < 0.05). SPEED symptoms score, superior LWE, seborrhoeic lash crusting, and trichiasis decreased significantly following application of both treatments (all p < 0.05), but did not differ between treatments (all p > 0.05).Clinical improvements in blepharitis occurred with both treatments. However, only the dedicated eyelid cleanser proved

2018 The ocular surface

200. Steroid vs. antibiotic impregnated absorbable nasal packing for wound healing after endoscopic sinus surgery: a randomized, double blind, placebo-controlled study. (PubMed)

Steroid vs. antibiotic impregnated absorbable nasal packing for wound healing after endoscopic sinus surgery: a randomized, double blind, placebo-controlled study. Endoscopic sinus surgery can lead to crusting or synechiae formation, which can affect the healing process.The aim of our study was to compare the influence of steroid versus antibiotic versus saline solution impregnated absorbable nasal spacers on postoperative wound healing and patient satisfaction.Eighty patients, 33 women and 47 (...) appearance of nasal mucosa indicated statistically significant differences in crust formation on day 10 comparing the steroid and control dressing (p=0.025), in secretion type on days 10 and 30 comparing the antibiotic and control dressing (p=0.003; p=0.016) and additionally for steroid and control on day 90 (p=0.046). On Day 90 we observed statistically significant differences in the absence of mucosal edema in the S-group compared to controls (p=0.007).The results of this study reveal the significant

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2018 Brazilian journal of otorhinolaryngology

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