How to Trip Rapid Review

Step 1: Select articles relevant to your search (remember the system is only optimised for single intervention studies)

Step 2: press

Step 3: review the result, and maybe amend the or if you know better! If we're unsure of the overall sentiment of the trial we will display the conclusion under the article title. We then require you to tell us what the correct sentiment is.

2,513 results for

Crust

by
...
Latest & greatest
Alerts

Export results

Use check boxes to select individual results below

SmartSearch available

Trip's SmartSearch engine has discovered connected searches & results. Click to show

1. Biological soil crusts inhibit seed germination in a temperate pine barren ecosystem. (PubMed)

Biological soil crusts inhibit seed germination in a temperate pine barren ecosystem. Biological soil crusts (BSCs) are known to affect plants' germination and seedling establishment in arid ecosystems, but their ecological role in more mesic climates is not so well-known. We tested the effects of moss-crusted versus uncrusted soils on seed germination dynamics in a temperate pine barren ecosystem. We conducted a 35-day laboratory assay of seed germination on moss-crusted soils versus uncrusted (...) soils from the Albany (NY) Pine Bush Preserve. We compared total seed germination and the number of days to 50% of total germination of two herbaceous perennial forb species in each soil type. Three and five times more seeds germinated on uncrusted soil than on crusted soil for bush clover (Lespedeza capitata) and wild lupine (Lupinus perennis), respectively. Seeds of both species also germinated approximately 10 days earlier on uncrusted soil than on crusted soil. This study, and others in similar

Full Text available with Trip Pro

2019 PLoS ONE

2. How should crusted and other forms of difficult-to-treat scabies be managed?

How should crusted and other forms of difficult-to-treat scabies be managed? application/vnd.openxmlformats-officedocument.wordprocessingml.document

2016 Specialist Pharmacy Services

3. Diel hysteresis between soil respiration and soil temperature in a biological soil crust covered desert ecosystem. (PubMed)

Diel hysteresis between soil respiration and soil temperature in a biological soil crust covered desert ecosystem. Soil respiration induced by biological soil crusts (BSCs) is an important process in the carbon (C) cycle in arid and semi-arid ecosystems, where vascular plants are restricted by the harsh environment, particularly the limited soil moisture. However, the interaction between temperature and soil respiration remains uncertain because of the number of factors that control soil (...) respiration, including temperature and soil moisture, especially in BSC-dominated areas. In this study, the soil respiration in moss-dominated crusts and lichen-dominated crusts was continuously measured using an automated soil respiration system over a one-year period from November 2015 to October 2016 in the Shapotou region of the Tengger Desert, northern China. The results indicated that over daily cycles, the half-hourly soil respiration rates in both types of BSC-covered areas were commonly related

Full Text available with Trip Pro

2018 PLoS ONE

4. Freshwater reservoir offsets and food crusts: Isotope, AMS, and lipid analyses of experimental cooking residues. (PubMed)

Freshwater reservoir offsets and food crusts: Isotope, AMS, and lipid analyses of experimental cooking residues. Freshwater reservoir offsets (FROs) occur when AMS dates on charred, encrusted food residues on pottery predate a pot's chronological context because of the presence of ancient carbon from aquatic resources such as fish. Research over the past two decades has demonstrated that FROs vary widely within and between water bodies and between fish in those water bodies. Lipid analyses have

Full Text available with Trip Pro

2018 PLoS ONE

5. Archaeal and bacterial communities in deep-sea hydrogenetic ferromanganese crusts on old seamounts of the northwestern Pacific. (PubMed)

Archaeal and bacterial communities in deep-sea hydrogenetic ferromanganese crusts on old seamounts of the northwestern Pacific. Deep-sea ferromanganese crusts are found ubiquitously on the surface of seamounts of the world's oceans. Considering the wide distribution of the crusts, archaeal and bacterial communities on these crusts potentially play a significant role in biogeochemical cycling between oceans and seamounts; however little is known about phylogenetic diversity, abundance (...) and function of the crust communities. To this end, we collected the crusts from the northwest Pacific basin and the Philippine Sea. We performed comprehensive analysis of the archaeal and bacterial communities of the collected crust samples by culture-independent molecular techniques. The distance between the sampling points was up to approximately 2,000 km. Surrounding sediments and bottom seawater were also collected as references near the sampling points of the crusts, and analyzed together. 16S rRNA

Full Text available with Trip Pro

2017 PLoS ONE

7. Compression-extension transition of continental crust in a subduction zone: A parametric numerical modeling study with implications on Mesozoic-Cenozoic tectonic evolution of the Cathaysia Block. (PubMed)

Compression-extension transition of continental crust in a subduction zone: A parametric numerical modeling study with implications on Mesozoic-Cenozoic tectonic evolution of the Cathaysia Block. The Cathaysia Block is located in southeastern part of South China, which situates in the west Pacific subduction zone. It is thought to have undergone a compression-extension transition of the continental crust during Mesozoic-Cenozoic during the subduction of Pacific Plate beneath Eurasia-Pacific (...) gradients of the lithospheres and convergence velocities would give rise to the change of crustal stress in a convergent subduction zone. Model results show that higher slab dip angle, lower convergence velocity and higher lithospheric thermal gradient facilitate the subduction process. The modeling results reveal the continental crust stress is dominated by horizontal compression during the early stage of the subduction, which could revert to a horizontal extension in the back-arc region, combing

Full Text available with Trip Pro

2017 PLoS ONE

8. Variability in Elongation and Failure of the Medial Collateral Ligament After Pie-Crusting With 16- and 18-Gauge Needles. (PubMed)

Variability in Elongation and Failure of the Medial Collateral Ligament After Pie-Crusting With 16- and 18-Gauge Needles. In knee arthroplasty with preoperative varus deformity, medial collateral ligament (MCL) release may be needed to achieve balance. Pie-crusting allows for controlled release, but questions remain regarding its ability to obtain predictable results. We compared 16- vs18-gauge needle punctures and determined the number of punctures required to (1) lengthen the MCL by 1 mm (...) between the 16- and 18-gauge groups in cross-sectional area, initial stiffness, number of punctures to lengthen the MCL by 1 mm, or number of punctures to failure. As the number of punctures increased, a linear increase in elongation and decrease in stiffness occurred.Needle size was not the influencing factor. Variability in number of punctures, regardless of needle size, to elongate or fail the MCL shows the difficulty in developing a reproducible pie-crusting technique. This suggests

2018 Journal of Arthroplasty

9. Exuberant scale crust of the scalp (PubMed)

Exuberant scale crust of the scalp 29693050 2018 11 14 2352-5126 4 4 2018 May JAAD case reports JAAD Case Rep Exuberant scale crust of the scalp. 289-291 10.1016/j.jdcr.2017.06.023 Kao Jason J Department of Dermatology, University of California Davis School of Medicine, Sacramento, California. Wang Elizabeth A EA Department of Dermatology, University of California Davis School of Medicine, Sacramento, California. Cheng Michelle Y MY Department of Dermatology, University of California Davis

Full Text available with Trip Pro

2018 JAAD Case Reports

10. Crusted scabies in a patient with methamphetamine abuse (PubMed)

Crusted scabies in a patient with methamphetamine abuse 29984289 2019 02 26 2352-5126 4 5 2018 Jun JAAD case reports JAAD Case Rep Crusted scabies in a patient with methamphetamine abuse. 480-481 10.1016/j.jdcr.2018.01.008 Aiempanakit Kumpol K Division of Dermatology, Department of Internal Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Prince of Songkla University, Songkhla, Thailand. eng Case Reports 2018 05 07 United States JAAD Case Rep 101665210 2352-5126 Norwegian scabies crusted scabies

Full Text available with Trip Pro

2018 JAAD Case Reports

11. Gravity modeling finds a large magma body in the deep crust below the Gulf of Naples, Italy (PubMed)

Gravity modeling finds a large magma body in the deep crust below the Gulf of Naples, Italy We analyze a wide gravity low in the Campania Active Volcanic Area and interpret it by a large and deep source distribution of partially molten, low-density material from about 8 to 30 km depth. Given the complex spatial-temporal distribution of explosive volcanism in the area, we model the gravity data consistently with several volcanological and petrological constraints. We propose two possible models (...) : one accounts for the coexistence, within the lower/intermediate crust, of large amounts of melts and cumulates besides country rocks. It implies a layered distribution of densities and, thus, a variation with depth of percentages of silicate liquids, cumulates and country rocks. The other reflects a fractal density distribution, based on the scaling exponent estimated from the gravity data. According to this model, the gravity low would be related to a distribution of melt pockets within solid

Full Text available with Trip Pro

2018 Scientific reports

12. Normal faulting and viscous buckling in the Tibetan Plateau induced by a weak lower crust (PubMed)

Normal faulting and viscous buckling in the Tibetan Plateau induced by a weak lower crust Flow of weak lower crust has been invoked to reconcile observed topographic gradients, uniform elevations, slow seismic velocity, and high conductivity measured in the Tibetan Plateau, with viscosity estimates of 1016-1021 Pa·s. Here we investigate the dynamic response resulting from a range of lower crust viscosities in a 3-D lithospheric-scale geodynamic simulation of the India-Eurasia collision zone (...) to determine bounds of physically viable lower crustal strengths. We show that thickening of the plateau is accommodated through viscous buckling of the upper crust in response to lower crustal flow for a lower crustal viscosity on the order of 1020 Pa·s. This generates two east-west trending bands of surface subsidence and dilatation consistent with observed normal faulting and estimates of vertical velocity. These results suggest viscous buckling of the upper crust, induced by lower crustal flow from

Full Text available with Trip Pro

2018 Nature communications

13. Chronic Physical Disturbance Substantially Alters the Response of Biological Soil Crusts to a Wetting Pulse, as Characterized by Metatranscriptomic Sequencing (PubMed)

Chronic Physical Disturbance Substantially Alters the Response of Biological Soil Crusts to a Wetting Pulse, as Characterized by Metatranscriptomic Sequencing Biological soil crusts (biocrusts) are microbial communities that are a feature of arid surface soils worldwide. In drylands where precipitation is pulsed and ephemeral, the ability of biocrust microbiota to rapidly initiate metabolic activity is critical to their survival. Community gene expression was compared after a short duration (1 (...) h) wetting pulse in both intact and soils disturbed by chronic foot trampling. Across the metatranscriptomes the majority of transcripts were cyanobacterial in origin, suggesting that cyanobacteria accounted for the bulk of the transcriptionally active cells. Chronic trampling substantially altered the functional profile of the metatranscriptomes, specifically resulting in a significant decrease in transcripts for nitrogen fixation. Soil depth (biocrust and below crust) was a relatively small

Full Text available with Trip Pro

2018 Frontiers in microbiology

14. Photoautotrophic organisms control microbial abundance, diversity, and physiology in different types of biological soil crusts (PubMed)

Photoautotrophic organisms control microbial abundance, diversity, and physiology in different types of biological soil crusts Biological soil crusts (biocrusts) cover about 12% of the Earth's land masses, thereby providing ecosystem services and affecting biogeochemical fluxes on a global scale. They comprise photoautotrophic cyanobacteria, algae, lichens and mosses, which grow together with heterotrophic microorganisms, forming a model system to study facilitative interactions and assembly (...) properties. Our results revealed that once 16S and 18S rRNA gene copy numbers increase, fungi become more predominant and alpha diversity increases with progressing succession. Bacterial communities differed significantly between biocrust types with a shift from more generalized to specialized organisms along succession. CO2 gas exchange measurements revealed large respiration rates of late successional crusts being significantly higher than those of initial biocrusts, and different successional stages

Full Text available with Trip Pro

2018 The ISME journal

15. Pie-crusting technique is effective and safe to release superficial medial collateral ligament for total knee arthroplasty (PubMed)

Pie-crusting technique is effective and safe to release superficial medial collateral ligament for total knee arthroplasty Pie-crusting technique is a damage-control soft tissue balance skill of total knee arthroplasty (TKA). The outcome of this technique to release lateral soft tissue is reasonable. A limited number of studies have focused on medial collateral ligament release with pie-crusting technique in the past years because of concerns about its efficacy and safety.All cases underwent (...) superficial medial collateral ligament (SMCL) release with either pie-crusting technique or traditional technique (39 knees in each group) between January 1, 2014 and August 31, 2015. A comparison study between two techniques was performed; meanwhile, 23 patients (26 knees) in pie-crusting group were followed up. Data including knee function, radiographic result and complications were analysed.Comparison study demonstrates that pie-crusting technique can achieve a comparable or even better effect

Full Text available with Trip Pro

2018 Journal of Orthopaedic Translation

16. The percutaneous pie-crusting medial release during arthroscopic procedures of the medial meniscus does neither affect valgus laxity nor clinical outcome. (PubMed)

The percutaneous pie-crusting medial release during arthroscopic procedures of the medial meniscus does neither affect valgus laxity nor clinical outcome. To analyze the effect of percutaneous pie-crusting medial release on valgus laxity before and after surgery and on clinical outcomes.Eight-hundred fourteen consecutive patients who underwent an arthroscopic procedure for the medial compartment of the knee were evaluated retrospectively. Sex, age, type of operation (meniscectomy, meniscal (...) repair, and posterior root repair), type of accompanying surgery (none, cartilage procedure, ligament procedure and osteotomy) were documented. Sixty-four patients who underwent percutaneous pie-crusting medial release (release group) and 64 who did not undergo medial release (non-release group) were matched using the propensity score method. Each patient was evaluated for the following variables: degree of valgus laxity on stress radiographs, Lysholm knee score, visual analog scale score

2017 Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy

17. "You've Gotta Be That Tough Crust Exterior Man": Depression and Suicide in Rural-Based Men. (PubMed)

"You've Gotta Be That Tough Crust Exterior Man": Depression and Suicide in Rural-Based Men. Suicide rates in Canada are highest among rural men. Drawing on photovoice interviews with 13 women and two men living in a small rural Canadian town who lost a man to suicide, we inductively derived three themes to describe how contextual factors influence rural men's experiences of depression and responses to suicidal thoughts: (a) hiding depression and its cause, (b) manly self-medicating, and (c

2017 Qualitative Health Research

18. Noodle pattern: A new dermoscopic pattern for crusted scabies (Norwegian scabies). (PubMed)

Noodle pattern: A new dermoscopic pattern for crusted scabies (Norwegian scabies). 28758268 2018 02 21 1468-3083 32 2 2018 Feb Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology : JEADV J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol Noodle pattern: a new dermoscopic pattern for crusted scabies (Norwegian scabies). e46-e47 10.1111/jdv.14498 Chavez-Alvarez S S Dermatology Department, School of Medicine, Hospital Universitario 'Dr. Jose Eleuterio Gonzalez', Universidad Autonoma de Nuevo León, Monterrey

2017 Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology

19. Differential Responses of Dinitrogen Fixation, Diazotrophic Cyanobacteria and Ammonia Oxidation Reveal a Potential Warming-Induced Imbalance of the N-Cycle in Biological Soil Crusts. (PubMed)

Differential Responses of Dinitrogen Fixation, Diazotrophic Cyanobacteria and Ammonia Oxidation Reveal a Potential Warming-Induced Imbalance of the N-Cycle in Biological Soil Crusts. N2 fixation and ammonia oxidation (AO) are the two most important processes in the nitrogen (N) cycle of biological soil crusts (BSCs). We studied the short-term response of acetylene reduction assay (ARA) rates, an indicator of potential N2 fixation, and AO rates to temperature (T, -5°C to 35°C) in BSC (...) of different successional stages along the BSC ecological succession and geographic origin (hot Chihuahuan and cooler Great Basin deserts). ARA in all BSCs increased with T until saturation occurred between 15 and 20°C, and declined at 30-35°C. Culture studies using cyanobacteria isolated from these crusts indicated that the saturating effect was traceable to their inability to grow well diazotrophically within the high temperature range. Below saturation, temperature response was exponential, with Q10

Full Text available with Trip Pro

2016 PLoS ONE

20. Malodorous discharge, redness, and crusting of the feet. (PubMed)

Malodorous discharge, redness, and crusting of the feet. This man was initially treated with antifungals and antibiotics based on his history of tinea pedis. But 2 days later, his condition worsened and he was hospitalized.

2017 Journal of Family Practice

To help you find the content you need quickly, you can filter your results via the categories on the right-hand side >>>>