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Cranial Nerve 10

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161. Detection of third and sixth cranial nerve palsies with a novel method for eye tracking while watching a short film clip. (PubMed)

Detection of third and sixth cranial nerve palsies with a novel method for eye tracking while watching a short film clip. Automated eye movement tracking may provide clues to nervous system function at many levels. Spatial calibration of the eye tracking device requires the subject to have relatively intact ocular motility that implies function of cranial nerves (CNs) III (oculomotor), IV (trochlear), and VI (abducent) and their associated nuclei, along with the multiple regions of the brain (...) , or surgically treatable pathological conditions potentially impacting these nerves. The authors compared the ratio of vertical to horizontal eye movement (height/width defined as aspect ratio) in normal and test subjects.In 157 normal controls, the aspect ratio (height/width) for the left eye had a mean value ± SD of 1.0117 ± 0.0706. For the right eye, the aspect ratio had a mean of 1.0077 ± 0.0679 in these 157 subjects. There was no difference between sexes or ages. A patient with known CN VI palsy had

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2014 Journal of Neurosurgery

162. Cranial-nerve Non-invasive Neuromodulation (CN-NINM) for Balance Deficits After Mild Traumatic Brain Injury (Full Trial)

Cranial-nerve Non-invasive Neuromodulation (CN-NINM) for Balance Deficits After Mild Traumatic Brain Injury (Full Trial) Cranial-nerve Non-invasive Neuromodulation (CN-NINM) for Balance Deficits After Mild Traumatic Brain Injury (Full Trial) - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting registration or results information. Search for terms x × Study Record Detail Saved Studies Save this study Warning You have reached the maximum (...) number of saved studies (100). Please remove one or more studies before adding more. Cranial-nerve Non-invasive Neuromodulation (CN-NINM) for Balance Deficits After Mild Traumatic Brain Injury (Full Trial) (CN-NINM) The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our for details. ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02125591 Recruitment Status

2014 Clinical Trials

163. Cranial-nerve Non-invasive Neuromodulation (CN-NINM) for Balance Deficits After Mild Traumatic Brain Injury (Pilot Trial)

Cranial-nerve Non-invasive Neuromodulation (CN-NINM) for Balance Deficits After Mild Traumatic Brain Injury (Pilot Trial) Cranial-nerve Non-invasive Neuromodulation (CN-NINM) for Balance Deficits After Mild Traumatic Brain Injury (Pilot Trial) - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting registration or results information. Search for terms x × Study Record Detail Saved Studies Save this study Warning You have reached the maximum (...) number of saved studies (100). Please remove one or more studies before adding more. Cranial-nerve Non-invasive Neuromodulation (CN-NINM) for Balance Deficits After Mild Traumatic Brain Injury (Pilot Trial) The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our for details. ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02109198 Recruitment Status : Withdrawn

2014 Clinical Trials

164. Teeth and Jaw Misalignment in Patients Suffering From Congenital Fourth Cranial Nerve Palsy

Teeth and Jaw Misalignment in Patients Suffering From Congenital Fourth Cranial Nerve Palsy Teeth and Jaw Misalignment in Patients Suffering From Congenital Fourth Cranial Nerve Palsy - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting registration or results information. Search for terms x × Study Record Detail Saved Studies Save this study Warning You have reached the maximum number of saved studies (100). Please remove one or more (...) studies before adding more. Teeth and Jaw Misalignment in Patients Suffering From Congenital Fourth Cranial Nerve Palsy (IVPareseZahn) The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our for details. ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02149355 Recruitment Status : Unknown Verified May 2014 by University of Zurich. Recruitment status was: Recruiting

2014 Clinical Trials

165. Incidence, impact, and predictors of cranial nerve palsy and haematoma following carotid endarterectomy in the international carotid stenting study. (PubMed)

Incidence, impact, and predictors of cranial nerve palsy and haematoma following carotid endarterectomy in the international carotid stenting study. Cranial nerve palsy (CNP) and neck haematoma are complications of carotid endarterectomy (CEA). The effects of patient factors and surgical technique were analysed on the risk, and impact on disability, of CNP or haematoma in the surgical arm of the International Carotid Stenting Study (ICSS), a randomized controlled clinical trial of stenting

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2014 European journal of vascular and endovascular surgery : the official journal of the European Society for Vascular Surgery Controlled trial quality: predicted high

166. Incidence, outcomes, and effect on quality of life of cranial nerve injury in the Carotid Revascularization Endarterectomy versus Stenting Trial. (PubMed)

Incidence, outcomes, and effect on quality of life of cranial nerve injury in the Carotid Revascularization Endarterectomy versus Stenting Trial. Cranial nerve injury (CNI) is the most common neurologic complication of carotid endarterectomy (CEA) and can cause significant chronic disability. Data from prior randomized trials are limited and provide no health-related quality of life (HRQOL) outcomes specific to CNI. Incidence of CNIs and their outcomes for patients in the Carotid (...) in 53 patients (4.6%). Cranial nerves injured were VII (30.2%), XII (24.5%), and IX/X (41.5%), and 3.8% had Horner syndrome. CNI occurred in 52 of 1040 patients (5.0%) receiving general anesthesia and in one of 111 patients (0.9%) operated on under local anesthesia (P = .05). No other predictive baseline or procedural factors were identified. Deficits resolved in 18 patients (34%) at 1 month and in 42 of 52 patients (80.8%) by 1 year. One patient died before the 1-year follow-up visit. The HRQOL

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2015 Journal of Vascular Surgery Controlled trial quality: uncertain

167. Disorders of the lower cranial nerves (PubMed)

Disorders of the lower cranial nerves Lesions of the lower cranial nerves (LCN) are due to numerous causes, which need to be differentiated to optimize management and outcome. This review aims at summarizing and discussing diseases affecting LCN. Review of publications dealing with disorders of the LCN in humans. Affection of multiple LCN is much more frequent than the affection of a single LCN. LCN may be affected solely or together with more proximal cranial nerves, with central nervous

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2015 Journal of neurosciences in rural practice

168. Radiation-induced lower cranial nerve palsy in patients with head and neck carcinoma (PubMed)

Radiation-induced lower cranial nerve palsy in patients with head and neck carcinoma Radiation-induced cranial nerve palsy (RICNP) is a severe long-term complication in patients with head and neck cancer following high-dose radiation therapy (RT). We present the case report of a patient with bilateral RICNP of the hypoglossal and vagus cranial nerves (XII/X) following postoperative RT in the era prior to the introduction of intensity-modulated RT (IMRT), and an analysis of our IMRT patient (...) cohort at risk including the case of a XII RICNP. A total of 201 patients whose glosso-pharyngeal (IX), X and XII cranial nerves had been exposed to >65 Gy definitive IMRT in our institution between January, 2002 and December, 2012 with or without systemic therapy, were retrospectively identified. A total of 151 patients out of 201 fulfilling the following criteria were included in the analysis: Locoregionally controlled disease, with a follow-up (FU) of >24 months and >65 Gy exposure of the nerves

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2015 Molecular and clinical oncology

169. Occipital condyle fracture and lower cranial nerve palsy after blunt head trauma – a literature review and case report (PubMed)

Occipital condyle fracture and lower cranial nerve palsy after blunt head trauma – a literature review and case report Lower cranial nerve (IX-XII) palsy is a rare condition with numerous causes, usually non-traumatic. In the literature it has been described only a few times after trauma, mostly accompanied by a fracture of the occipital condyle. Although these types of fractures have rarely been reported one could suspect they have been under-diagnosed. During the past decade they have been (...) seen more frequently, most probably due to increased use of CT- and MRI-scanning. The purpose of this review is to increase the awareness of complications following injuries in the craniocervical region.We based this article on a retrospective review of the medical record of a 24-year old woman admitted to our trauma center after being involved in a car accident and a review of the literature on occipital condyle fractures associated with lower cranial nerve palsy.The multitraumatized patient had

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2015 Journal of trauma management & outcomes

170. Extraocular cranial nerve palsies in children. (PubMed)

Extraocular cranial nerve palsies in children. Visual disturbances resulting from acute nerve paralysis of the muscles controlling eye movements can be challenging to evaluate in the pediatric population. Children may not be capable of describing symptoms or providing an adequate history. Therefore, it is important to have an understanding of the anatomical course of the extraocular cranial nerves and clinical manifestations of their dysfunction. We report 2 cases of extraocular cranial nerve

2015 Pediatric Emergency Care

171. Risk factors for cranial nerve injury after carotid endarterectomy. (PubMed)

Risk factors for cranial nerve injury after carotid endarterectomy. Although numerous studies have described the incidence of postoperative cranial nerve injury (CNI) after carotid endarterectomy (CEA), there have been few attempts to identify risk factors for this complication.The 2012 CEA-targeted American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program database was used to determine the incidence of CNI after CEA. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was performed

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2015 Journal of Vascular Surgery

172. Long-Lasting Cranial Nerve III Palsy as a Presenting Feature of Chronic Inflammatory Demyelinating Polyneuropathy (PubMed)

Long-Lasting Cranial Nerve III Palsy as a Presenting Feature of Chronic Inflammatory Demyelinating Polyneuropathy We describe a patient with chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy (CIDP) in which an adduction deficit and ptosis in the left eye presented several years before the polyneuropathy. A 52-year-old man presented with a 14-year history of unremitting diplopia, adduction deficit, and ptosis in the left eye. At the age of 45 a mild bilateral foot drop and impaired sensation (...) nerve palsy. A diagnostic workup for CIDP should therefore be performed in those patients in which an isolated and unremitting cranial nerve palsy cannot be explained by common causes.

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2015 Case reports in medicine

173. Facial Nerve Translocation for Low Tension Neurorrhaphy to Masseteric Nerve. (PubMed)

Facial Nerve Translocation for Low Tension Neurorrhaphy to Masseteric Nerve. The techniques of facial reanimation are continually evolving in search of the ideal method for rehabilitating the paralyzed face. In the past, alternative cranial nerve motor nuclei have been used to power facial musculature. The trigeminal nerve is gaining popularity as a promising nerve to drive facial motion, particularly in the lower face.This article describes a low-tension technique of using the transposed (...) facial nerve to the trigeminal nerve (masseteric branch) for facial reanimation.Six patients over 2.5 years were treated with facial nerve translocation with division at the geniculate and direct neurorrhaphy to the motor branch of the masseter. Patients were evaluated by physical examination, measurement of oral commissure excursion using MEEI FACE-gram software, video assessment, Sunnybrook Facial Grading System, Facial Disability Index, and Facial Clinimetric Evaluation Scale (FaCE).Patients

2019 Otology and Neurotology

174. Perineural Spread of Tumor Along the Fifth and Seventh Cranial Nerves

Perineural Spread of Tumor Along the Fifth and Seventh Cranial Nerves Perineural Spread of Tumor Along the Fifth and Seventh Cranial Nerves: Overview, Anatomy, Tumor Spread Along the Trigeminal Nerve Edition: No Results No Results Please confirm that you would like to log out of Medscape. If you log out, you will be required to enter your username and password the next time you visit. https://profreg.medscape.com/px/getpracticeprofile.do?method=getProfessionalProfile&urlCache (...) =aHR0cHM6Ly9lbWVkaWNpbmUubWVkc2NhcGUuY29tL2FydGljbGUvODc1Nzg2LW92ZXJ2aWV3 processing > Perineural Spread of Tumor Along the Fifth and Seventh Cranial Nerves Updated: Nov 04, 2018 Author: Bradley A Schiff, MD; Chief Editor: Arlen D Meyers, MD, MBA Share Email Print Feedback Close Sections Sections Perineural Spread of Tumor Along the Fifth and Seventh Cranial Nerves Overview Overview Perineural spread of a tumor, or spread of tumor along a nerve, is one of the more insidious forms of tumor growth. [ ] This form of spread is more commonly found in malignant rather

2014 eMedicine Surgery

175. Schwannoma, Cranial Nerve

Schwannoma, Cranial Nerve Cranial Nerve Schwannoma Imaging: Practice Essentials, Radiography, Computed Tomography Edition: No Results No Results Please confirm that you would like to log out of Medscape. If you log out, you will be required to enter your username and password the next time you visit. https://profreg.medscape.com/px/getpracticeprofile.do?method=getProfessionalProfile&urlCache=aHR0cHM6Ly9lbWVkaWNpbmUubWVkc2NhcGUuY29tL2FydGljbGUvMzM2MTQxLW92ZXJ2aWV3 processing > Cranial Nerve (...) Schwannoma Imaging Updated: Apr 28, 2017 Author: Mahesh Jayaraman, MD; Chief Editor: James G Smirniotopoulos, MD Share Email Print Feedback Close Sections Sections Cranial Nerve Schwannoma Imaging Practice Essentials Before the advent of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), imaging of the cranial nerves (CNs) was difficult, and mass lesions arising from these nerves was often indirectly detected only by looking at bony changes in the skull base foramen or by using invasive techniques such as cisternography

2014 eMedicine Radiology

176. Multiple cranial neuropathies following etanercept administration. (PubMed)

, and vestibulocochlear nerves, while also highlighting the differential diagnoses of multiple cranial neuropathies and the association of TNF inhibitors and neurosarcoidosis. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. (...) Multiple cranial neuropathies following etanercept administration. There have been recent reports of sarcoid-like granulomatosis development following the administration of tumor necrosis factor (TNF) inhibitors. To date, only four cases of neurosarcoidosis have been reported in association with TNF inhibitors, two of which were attributed to etanercept. We present the first case of etanercept-induced neurosarcoidosis involving multiple cranial neuropathies, including the trigeminal, facial

2017 American Journal of Otolaryngology

177. Cranial electrotherapy stimulation affects mood state but not levels of peripheral neurotrophic factors or hypothalamic- pituitary-adrenal axis regulation. (PubMed)

Cranial electrotherapy stimulation affects mood state but not levels of peripheral neurotrophic factors or hypothalamic- pituitary-adrenal axis regulation. Cranial electrotherapy stimulation (CES) is reported to aid in relieving symptoms of depression and anxiety, though the mechanism underlying this effect remains unclear. Therefore, the present study aimed to evaluate changes in the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis response and levels of neurotrophic factors, as well as changes (...) in mood state, in patients undergoing CES therapy. Fifty healthy postmenopausal women were randomly assigned to either a Sham CES group (n = 25) or an Active CES group (n = 25). CES treatment was conducted in 20-minute sessions, three times per week for 8 weeks, using a micro current cranial electrotherapy stimulator. Blood samples were collected prior to and following the 8-week treatment period for measurement of cortisol, adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH), brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF

2018 Technology and health care : official journal of the European Society for Engineering and Medicine Controlled trial quality: uncertain

178. Treatment Design and Rationale for a Randomized Trial of Prophylactic Cranial Irradiation With or Without Hippocampal Avoidance for SCLC: PREMER Trial on Behalf of the Oncologic Group for the Study of Lung Cancer/Spanish Radiation Oncology Group-Radiation (PubMed)

Treatment Design and Rationale for a Randomized Trial of Prophylactic Cranial Irradiation With or Without Hippocampal Avoidance for SCLC: PREMER Trial on Behalf of the Oncologic Group for the Study of Lung Cancer/Spanish Radiation Oncology Group-Radiation Prophylactic cranial irradiation (PCI) is part of the usual treatment in most patients with small-cell lung cancer (SCLC) and response after treatment of the primary tumor. Clinical evidence suggests that radiation dose received (...) %) and a significance level of 5% (α = 5%), with a maximum loss to follow-up of 10%.This study is an important step in introducing a new therapeutic approach to patients with SCLC candidates for PCI.Copyright © 2018 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

2018 Clinical lung cancer Controlled trial quality: uncertain

179. Cardiac autonomic response after cranial technique of the fourth ventricle (cv4) compression in systemic hypertensive subjects. (PubMed)

Cardiac autonomic response after cranial technique of the fourth ventricle (cv4) compression in systemic hypertensive subjects. The aim of this study was to compare blood pressure (BP) behavior and heart rate variability (HRV) among hypertensive stage I and normotensive individuals who were submitted to the cranial technique of the 4th ventricle compression (CV4), an osteopathic technique.In this experimental controlled study, thirty men between 40 and 60 years old were evaluated and divided (...) into two groups: normotensive (NT) and hypertensive (HT). The CV4 maneuver was applied in both groups and BP was measured at 5 (five) different stages: pre and post-intervention, 5, 10 and 15min after technique. Time-frequency parameters were obtained from measurements of RR intervals. Data were analyzed using an ANOVA two-way for analysis of the condition factor (NT and HT) and times with p-value ≤ .05.There was a reduction in the BP of the HT group. A significant intergroup difference (p = .01

2018 Journal of bodywork and movement therapies

180. The effect of cranial electrotherapy stimulation on sleep in healthy women. (PubMed)

The effect of cranial electrotherapy stimulation on sleep in healthy women. Cranial electrotherapy stimulation (CES) is considered to be a potential treatment for insomnia. Women are more likely to suffer from insomnia than men. Therefore we studied the effect of CES on sleep efficiency in young healthy women.A randomized, controlled clinical study was conducted on 40 women (age 18-35 years) without sleep disorders. Each subject underwent two nights of polysomnography in a sleep center. During (...) (sham). Using EEG spectral analysis there was evidence of a frequency-lowering influence on the low-α frequency band (8-10 Hz).At most we may assume a reproducible effect on the α frequency measured in the EEG for application of CES with current levels  >100 µA and presumably also with frequencies  >0.5 Hz, with application directly at the cranium. We found no influence on sleep parameters. The effect on the low-α band evidenced in quantitative EEG analysis would require further investigation

2018 Physiological measurement Controlled trial quality: uncertain

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