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Cranial Nerve 10

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141. Efficacy of Cranial Electrical Stimulation and Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy in Improving Psychological Illness among Chronic Stroke Survivors: A Pilot Randomized Controlled Trial. (Full text)

Efficacy of Cranial Electrical Stimulation and Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy in Improving Psychological Illness among Chronic Stroke Survivors: A Pilot Randomized Controlled Trial. Stroke survivors suffer from significant neuropsychiatric disturbances and these disturbances act as barrier in the motor recovery. Medication is the common treatment but it has adverse effects. Hence, there is a need to find out effective treatments with or without minimal side effects for gross motor recovery (...) of the patient.Cranial electrical stimulation (CES) and rational emotive behavior therapy (REBT) are used as treatment approaches for depression, anxiety, stress, and irrational beliefs in the general population. In the present study, the efficacy of two psycho-therapeutic modalities (CES and REBT) along with conventional physiotherapy management was evaluated on psychological illness, motor recovery, and quality of life among chronic stroke (CS) survivors.A total of 18 patients with CS who scored >10 on Beck

2019 Annals of Indian Academy of Neurology Controlled trial quality: uncertain PubMed abstract

142. Predictive value of posterior cranial fossa morphology in the decompression of Chiari malformation type I: A retrospective observational study. (Full text)

Predictive value of posterior cranial fossa morphology in the decompression of Chiari malformation type I: A retrospective observational study. Posterior fossa decompression (PFD) is the standard procedure for the treatment of Chiari malformation type I (CMI). Although most patients have satisfactory surgical outcomes, some show no improvement or even a worsening of symptoms. Patient selection is thought to account for these different surgical outcomes. Our aim was to evaluate the predictive (...) value of the preoperative posterior cranial fossa (PCF) morphology on the efficacy of PFD.Data from 39 CMI patients with CMI-related symptoms who underwent occipital foramen enlargement + C-1 laminectomy + enlarged duraplasty were retrospectively collected from January 2011 to May 2018. The patients were divided into improved and unimproved groups according to the modified Chicago Chiari Outcome Scale. Demographic information and clinical history, including preoperative comorbidities and clinical

2019 Medicine PubMed abstract

143. The clinical outcomes for chordomas in the cranial base and spine: A single center experience. (Full text)

The clinical outcomes for chordomas in the cranial base and spine: A single center experience. Owing to the special growth pattern of chordomas and the limited treatment options currently available, the treatment of chordoma still remains difficult. In this study, we hope to further clarify the relationship between surgical treatment and radiotherapy of chordoma and disease progression.All patients with a primary histopathological diagnosis of clival or spinal chordomas recorded in our (...) institution between 1976 and 2017 were examined.A total of 60 patients (location: skull base/clival, n = 24; vertebral column, n = 5; sacrum, n = 31) had a mean follow-up time of 7.7 years (range 12 months-35 years). Compared with patients who received subtotal resection (n = 5, 5-year and 10-year survival = 61% and 39%, respectively), the annual survival rate of patients who received total resection (n = 55, 5-year and 10-year survival = 67%, respectively) was significantly higher. The overall 10-year

2019 Medicine PubMed abstract

144. Meningioma Screening with MRI in Childhood Leukemia Survivors Treated with Cranial Radiation. (Abstract)

Meningioma Screening with MRI in Childhood Leukemia Survivors Treated with Cranial Radiation. Radiation-induced meningioma is a known late effect of cranial radiation therapy. Cranial magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) can detect small meningiomas, but its potential value as a screening tool is unknown.MRI was used to screen asymptomatic survivors of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) treated with cranial radiation therapy ≥10 years previously. The incidence of radiation-induced

2019 Biology and Physics

145. A Bayesian multivariate latent t-regression model for assessing the association between corticosteroid and cranial radiation exposures and cardiometabolic complications in survivors of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia: a PETALE study. (Full text)

A Bayesian multivariate latent t-regression model for assessing the association between corticosteroid and cranial radiation exposures and cardiometabolic complications in survivors of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia: a PETALE study. Childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (cALL) is the most frequent pediatric cancer. Over the past decades, treatment of cALL has significantly improved, with cure rates close to 90%. However intensive chemotherapy and cranial radiotherapy (CRT) during (...) ) was OR = 1.98 (95% credible interval (CrI): 1.02 to 3.88). LD/CRT level also led to a 0.15 (95% CrI: 0.00 to 0.29) excess risk to develop at least one cardiometabolic complication. Except for obesity, adjusted results for the highest exposure category HD/CRT were generally similar to those for LD/CRT albeit not statistically significant. White blood cell count at diagnosis, a proxy for cALL burden at diagnosis, was found associated with insulin resistance (OR = 1.08 for a 10-unit increase (× 109/L), 95% CrI

2019 BMC medical research methodology PubMed abstract

146. Whole-Genome Sequencing of Childhood Cancer Survivors Treated with Cranial Radiation Therapy Identifies 5p15.33 Locus for Stroke: A Report from the St. Jude Lifetime Cohort Study. (Abstract)

Whole-Genome Sequencing of Childhood Cancer Survivors Treated with Cranial Radiation Therapy Identifies 5p15.33 Locus for Stroke: A Report from the St. Jude Lifetime Cohort Study. To identify genetic factors associated with risk of stroke among survivors of childhood cancer treated with cranial radiotherapy (CRT).We analyzed whole-genome sequencing (36.8-fold) data of 686 childhood cancer survivors of European ancestry [median (range), 40.4 (12.4-64.7) years old; 54% male] from the St. Jude (...) Lifetime Cohort study treated with CRT, of whom 116 (17%) had clinically diagnosed stroke. Association analyses (single-variant and Burden/SKAT tests) were performed, adjusting for demographic characteristics and childhood cancer treatment exposures.We identified a genome-wide significant association between 5p15.33 locus and stroke [rs112896372: HR = 2.55; P = 1.42 × 10-8], with a stronger association (HR = 3.68) among survivors treated with CRT dose 25-50 Gray (Gy) and weaker associations among those

2019 Clinical Cancer Research

147. Evaluation of 3D Printed Temporal Bone Models in Preparation for Middle Cranial Fossa Surgery. (Abstract)

Evaluation of 3D Printed Temporal Bone Models in Preparation for Middle Cranial Fossa Surgery. Patient-specific 3D printed models are useful presurgical planning tools because they accurately represent the anatomy and drilling characteristics of the middle cranial fossa (MCF) approach to the internal auditory canal (IAC).The MCF approach to the IAC can be challenging due to variability of the bony architecture along the floor of the middle fossa. Patient-specific 3D printed models may enhance (...) surgeon knowledge of a given patient's anatomy when preparing for MCF surgery.Six temporal bone models were printed from photoacrylic resin based on CT data obtained from cadaveric specimens using a desktop stereolithography 3D printer. Critical structures to avoid injuring, the facial nerve and membranous labyrinth, were modeled as hollow cavities and filled with indicator paint. Two neurotologists each drilled three 3D printed models and the corresponding cadaveric specimens, and then completed a 41

2019 Otology and Neurotology

148. The relevant psychological burden of having a benign brain tumor: a prospective study of patients undergoing surgical treatment of cranial meningiomas. (Abstract)

The relevant psychological burden of having a benign brain tumor: a prospective study of patients undergoing surgical treatment of cranial meningiomas. OBJECTIVEMeningiomas are the most common intracranial neoplasm. Evidence concerning surgical management and outcome is abundant, while the implications for the quality of life (QOL) of a patient confronted with the diagnosis and undergoing surgery are unclear. The authors conducted a prospective study to evaluate QOL in relation to psychological (...) comorbidities comorbidities.METHODSA prospective study of patients undergoing elective surgery for the removal of an intracranial meningioma was performed. The authors evaluated depression (Allgemeine Depressionsskala K score) and anxiety (Post-Traumatic Stress Scale-10 [PTSS-10]; State Trait Anxiety Inventory-State Anxiety and -Trait Anxiety [STAI-S and STAI-T]; and Anxiety Sensitivity Index-3 [ASI-3]) scores before surgery and at 3 and 12 months after surgery. The correlation between preoperative

2019 Journal of Neurosurgery

149. Cranial Nerve 10

Cranial Nerve 10 Cranial Nerve 10 Toggle navigation Brain Head & Neck Chest Endocrine Abdomen Musculoskeletal Skin Infectious Disease Hematology & Oncology Cohorts Diagnostics Emergency Findings Procedures Prevention & Management Pharmacy Resuscitation Trauma Emergency Procedures Ultrasound Cardiovascular Emergencies Lung Emergencies Infectious Disease Pediatrics Neurologic Emergencies Skin Exposure Miscellaneous Abuse Cancer Administration 4 Cranial Nerve 10 Cranial Nerve 10 Aka: Cranial Nerve (...) 10 , Cranial Nerve X , Vagus Nerve , CN 10 II. Anatomy: Cranial Nerves 9-11 Lewis (1918) Gray's Anatomy 20th ed (in at or ) Lewis (1918) Gray's Anatomy 20th ed (in at or ) Lewis (1918) Gray's Anatomy 20th ed (in at or ) III. Physiology Most extensive innervation of any Neck, thorax, innervation Motor, sensory and autonomic IV. Anatomy: Nucleii in Medulla transmits signals to pharynx for swallowing, as well as Also innervates Levator Veli Palatini (raises the ) Dorsal Motor Nucleus CN10 innervates

2015 FP Notebook

150. Determination of normal levels of human cranial base flexion angle (basal angle) in the era of magnetic resonance - systematic review and meta-analysis

Determination of normal levels of human cranial base flexion angle (basal angle) in the era of magnetic resonance - systematic review and meta-analysis Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any associated files or external websites. Email salutation (e.g. "Dr Smith (...) outcome(s) Example: 1st author, year of publication, language, journal. ">Data to be extracted: other as well as a to meta-analysis of pre-clinical studies are available. Example: A meta‐analysis will be performed for all outcome measures reported in 10 or more articles. For subgroup analysis a minimum of 8 studies per subgroup is required. If meta‐analysis is not possible, data will be reported through a descriptive summary. ">Planned approach Example: number of metastases: standardized mean

2018 PROSPERO

151. Does routine surveillance imaging improve survival after relapsed extra-cranial solid tumours? A systematic review and meta-analysis

Does routine surveillance imaging improve survival after relapsed extra-cranial solid tumours? A systematic review and meta-analysis Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any associated files or external websites. Email salutation (e.g. "Dr Smith" or "Joanne (...) of publication, language, journal. ">Data to be extracted: other as well as a to meta-analysis of pre-clinical studies are available. Example: A meta‐analysis will be performed for all outcome measures reported in 10 or more articles. For subgroup analysis a minimum of 8 studies per subgroup is required. If meta‐analysis is not possible, data will be reported through a descriptive summary. ">Planned approach Example: number of metastases: standardized mean difference; incidence of metastasis: risk ratio

2018 PROSPERO

152. Management of acute cranial nerve 3, 4 and 6 palsies: role of neuroimaging. (Full text)

Management of acute cranial nerve 3, 4 and 6 palsies: role of neuroimaging. This article will discuss the management of isolated, acute cranial nerve 3,4 and 6 palsies with special focus on the role of neuroimaging in older adults based on recently published data.Acute cranial nerve palsies affecting the third, fourth or sixth cranial nerves in isolation or in combination with other neurological signs and symptoms can be due to a variety of causes such as ischemia, inflammation, infection (...) and compression of the ocular motor nerves. Although neuroimaging is generally recommended in all individuals presenting with ocular motor nerve palsies that occur in association with other neurological signs and symptoms, the indications for neuroimaging in older individuals (age > 50 years) who present with acute isolated ocular motor nerve palsies are less clear and controversial. Past and recent studies have attempted to address this question. A recent prospective study found that overall 16.5% of adult

2015 Current Opinion in Ophthalmology PubMed abstract

153. Migraine and Risk of Ocular Motor Cranial Nerve Palsies: A Nationwide Cohort Study. (Abstract)

Migraine and Risk of Ocular Motor Cranial Nerve Palsies: A Nationwide Cohort Study. To determine whether migraine is associated with an increased risk of developing ocular motor cranial nerve palsies (OMCNP).Nationwide retrospective cohort study.Medical records of patients with migraine who were entered in the National Health Insurance Research Database (NHIRD) between 2005 and 2009 were retrieved from the NHIRD in Taiwan. Two cohorts were selected: patients with migraine (n = 138 907 (...) ) and propensity score-matched controls (n = 138 907).Cohorts were followed until the end of 2010, death, or occurrence of cranial nerve (CN)3, CN4, or CN6 palsies. A Cox proportional hazards regression model was used to calculate the hazard ratios (HRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs), which were used to compare to the risk of developing CN3, CN4, and CN6 palsy between cohorts.After a mean follow-up period of 3.1 years (range, 1-6 years), the migraine cohort exhibited a greater risk of developing

2015 Ophthalmology

154. Disorders of the lower cranial nerves (Full text)

Disorders of the lower cranial nerves Lesions of the lower cranial nerves (LCN) are due to numerous causes, which need to be differentiated to optimize management and outcome. This review aims at summarizing and discussing diseases affecting LCN. Review of publications dealing with disorders of the LCN in humans. Affection of multiple LCN is much more frequent than the affection of a single LCN. LCN may be affected solely or together with more proximal cranial nerves, with central nervous

2015 Journal of neurosciences in rural practice PubMed abstract

155. Radiation-induced lower cranial nerve palsy in patients with head and neck carcinoma (Full text)

Radiation-induced lower cranial nerve palsy in patients with head and neck carcinoma Radiation-induced cranial nerve palsy (RICNP) is a severe long-term complication in patients with head and neck cancer following high-dose radiation therapy (RT). We present the case report of a patient with bilateral RICNP of the hypoglossal and vagus cranial nerves (XII/X) following postoperative RT in the era prior to the introduction of intensity-modulated RT (IMRT), and an analysis of our IMRT patient (...) cohort at risk including the case of a XII RICNP. A total of 201 patients whose glosso-pharyngeal (IX), X and XII cranial nerves had been exposed to >65 Gy definitive IMRT in our institution between January, 2002 and December, 2012 with or without systemic therapy, were retrospectively identified. A total of 151 patients out of 201 fulfilling the following criteria were included in the analysis: Locoregionally controlled disease, with a follow-up (FU) of >24 months and >65 Gy exposure of the nerves

2015 Molecular and clinical oncology PubMed abstract

156. Occipital condyle fracture and lower cranial nerve palsy after blunt head trauma – a literature review and case report (Full text)

Occipital condyle fracture and lower cranial nerve palsy after blunt head trauma – a literature review and case report Lower cranial nerve (IX-XII) palsy is a rare condition with numerous causes, usually non-traumatic. In the literature it has been described only a few times after trauma, mostly accompanied by a fracture of the occipital condyle. Although these types of fractures have rarely been reported one could suspect they have been under-diagnosed. During the past decade they have been (...) seen more frequently, most probably due to increased use of CT- and MRI-scanning. The purpose of this review is to increase the awareness of complications following injuries in the craniocervical region.We based this article on a retrospective review of the medical record of a 24-year old woman admitted to our trauma center after being involved in a car accident and a review of the literature on occipital condyle fractures associated with lower cranial nerve palsy.The multitraumatized patient had

2015 Journal of trauma management & outcomes PubMed abstract

157. Extraocular cranial nerve palsies in children. (Abstract)

Extraocular cranial nerve palsies in children. Visual disturbances resulting from acute nerve paralysis of the muscles controlling eye movements can be challenging to evaluate in the pediatric population. Children may not be capable of describing symptoms or providing an adequate history. Therefore, it is important to have an understanding of the anatomical course of the extraocular cranial nerves and clinical manifestations of their dysfunction. We report 2 cases of extraocular cranial nerve

2015 Pediatric Emergency Care

158. Risk factors for cranial nerve injury after carotid endarterectomy. (Full text)

Risk factors for cranial nerve injury after carotid endarterectomy. Although numerous studies have described the incidence of postoperative cranial nerve injury (CNI) after carotid endarterectomy (CEA), there have been few attempts to identify risk factors for this complication.The 2012 CEA-targeted American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program database was used to determine the incidence of CNI after CEA. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was performed

2015 Journal of Vascular Surgery PubMed abstract

159. Long-Lasting Cranial Nerve III Palsy as a Presenting Feature of Chronic Inflammatory Demyelinating Polyneuropathy (Full text)

Long-Lasting Cranial Nerve III Palsy as a Presenting Feature of Chronic Inflammatory Demyelinating Polyneuropathy We describe a patient with chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy (CIDP) in which an adduction deficit and ptosis in the left eye presented several years before the polyneuropathy. A 52-year-old man presented with a 14-year history of unremitting diplopia, adduction deficit, and ptosis in the left eye. At the age of 45 a mild bilateral foot drop and impaired sensation (...) nerve palsy. A diagnostic workup for CIDP should therefore be performed in those patients in which an isolated and unremitting cranial nerve palsy cannot be explained by common causes.

2015 Case reports in medicine PubMed abstract

160. Cranial Nerve VI Palsy After Dural-Arachnoid Puncture. (Full text)

Cranial Nerve VI Palsy After Dural-Arachnoid Puncture. In this article, we provide a literature review of cranial nerve (CN) VI injury after dural-arachnoid puncture. CN VI injury is rare and ranges in severity from diplopia to complete lateral rectus palsy with deviated gaze. The proposed mechanism of injury is cerebrospinal fluid leakage causing intracranial hypotension and downward displacement of the brainstem. This results in traction on CN VI leading to stretch and neural demyelination

2015 Anesthesia and Analgesia PubMed abstract

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