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Cranial Nerve 10

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121. Electrical Stimulation of the Ear, Head, Cranial Nerve, or Cortex for the Treatment of Tinnitus: A Scoping Review Full Text available with Trip Pro

Electrical Stimulation of the Ear, Head, Cranial Nerve, or Cortex for the Treatment of Tinnitus: A Scoping Review Tinnitus is defined as the perception of sound in the absence of an external source. It is often associated with hearing loss and is thought to result from abnormal neural activity at some point or points in the auditory pathway, which is incorrectly interpreted by the brain as an actual sound. Neurostimulation therapies therefore, which interfere on some level with that abnormal (...) levels of oscillatory cortical activity and restore typical levels of activity. This change in activity should alter or interrupt the tinnitus percept (reduction or extinction) making it less bothersome. Here we review developments in therapies involving electrical stimulation of the ear, head, cranial nerve, or cortex in the treatment of tinnitus which demonstrably, or are hypothesised to, interrupt pathological neuronal activity in the cortex associated with tinnitus.

2016 Neural plasticity

122. Histomorphogenesis of cranial nerves in Huso huso larvae Full Text available with Trip Pro

Histomorphogenesis of cranial nerves in Huso huso larvae In this study the cranial nerves development of H. huso are explained from 1 to 54-days-old (1, 3, 6, 15, 21 and 54 days). Despite all the researches on fish brain, there are no study on nerves evolution on H. huso during their larvae life. For this research 40 samples of larvae H. huso were obtained (from each age, about six samples were selected). The specimens were maintained in fiberglass tank, then histological samples were taken (...) from tissues and stained with hematoxylin and eosin for general histological studies using light microscope. According to the results, on 1 and 3-days-old, no nerve was observed. The terminal nerve and their dendrites were observed around the nasal cavity and the axons projected to different areas in forebrain especially around olfactory bulb diffusely, on 6-day-old fish. Also, olfactory, optic, oculomotor, trochlear, trigeminal, lateral line and vagus nerves were detected on 6-day-old fish

2016 Veterinary Research Forum

123. Insertion of intra-oral electrodes for cranial nerve monitoring using a Crowe–Davis retractor Full Text available with Trip Pro

Insertion of intra-oral electrodes for cranial nerve monitoring using a Crowe–Davis retractor Acoustic neuroma resection is an example of a neurosurgical procedure where the brainstem and multiple cranial nerves are at risk for injury. Electrode placement for monitoring of the glossopharyngeal and hypoglossal nerves during acoustic neuroma resection can be challenging. The purpose of this report is to illustrate the use of a device for intra-oral electrode placement for intraoperative (...) monitoring of the glossopharyngeal and hypoglossal nerves. A 60-year-old male presented for acoustic neuroma resection. Under general anesthesia, a Crowe-Davis retractor was used to open the mouth, providing access to the posterior pharynx. For glossopharyngeal monitoring, two bent subdermal needle electrodes were inserted just lateral to the uvula. Two additional electrodes were inserted on the lateral tongue to monitor the hypoglossal nerve. Cranial nerves monitoring was conducted utilizing both free

2016 Journal of clinical monitoring and computing

124. Third, Fourth, and Sixth Cranial Nerve Palsies in Pituitary Apoplexy Full Text available with Trip Pro

Third, Fourth, and Sixth Cranial Nerve Palsies in Pituitary Apoplexy Pituitary apoplexy (PA) often presents with acute headache and neuro-ophthalmic manifestations, including ocular motility dysfunction (OMD) from cranial nerve palsies (CNPs). Our goal was to describe the epidemiology and outcomes of OMD in a large, single-center series of patients with PA.We conducted a retrospective chart review of all patients with PA seen in our pituitary center between January 1995 and December 2012

2016 World neurosurgery

125. Carotid artery and lower cranial nerve exposure with increasing surgical complexity to the parapharyngeal space. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Carotid artery and lower cranial nerve exposure with increasing surgical complexity to the parapharyngeal space. To investigate the extent of carotid artery exposure attained, including the identification of the external carotid branches and lower cranial nerves in five sequential external approaches to the parapharyngeal space, and to provide an anatomical algorithm.Anatomical study.Six latex-injected adult cadaver heads were dissected in five consecutive approaches: transcervical approach (...) with submandibular gland removal, posterior extension of the transcervical approach, transcervical approach with parotidectomy, parotidectomy with lateral mandibulotomy, and parotidectomy with mandibulectomy. The degree of carotid artery exposure attained, external carotid branches, and lower cranial nerves visualized was documented.The transcervical approach exposed 1.5 cm (Standard Deviation (SD) 0.5) of internal carotid artery (ICA) and 1.25 cm (SD 0.25) of external carotid artery (ECA). The superior thyroid

2016 Laryngoscope

126. Resolution of intractable retching following mobilization of a dolichoectatic vertebral artery: case report of a unique brainstem-cranial nerve compression syndrome. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Resolution of intractable retching following mobilization of a dolichoectatic vertebral artery: case report of a unique brainstem-cranial nerve compression syndrome. The authors present the case of a 53-year-old man who was referred with disabling retching provoked by left arm abduction. At the time of his initial evaluation, a cervical MRI study was available for review and revealed an anatomical variation of the ipsilateral juxtamedullary vertebrobasilar junction. After brain imaging revealed (...) contact of the medulla by a dolichoectatic vertebral artery at the dorsal root entry zone of the glossopharyngeal and vagus nerves, the patient was successfully treated by microvascular decompression of the brainstem and cranial nerves. This case demonstrates how a dolichoectatic vertebral artery-a common anatomical variation that typically has no clinical consequence-should be considered in cases of cranial nerve dysfunction.

2016 Journal of Neurosurgery

127. Perpetuation of errors in illustrations of cranial nerve anatomy. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Perpetuation of errors in illustrations of cranial nerve anatomy. For more than 230 years, anatomical illustrations have faithfully reproduced the German medical student Thomas Soemmerring's cranial nerve (CN) arrangement. Virtually all contemporary atlases show the abducens, facial, and vestibulocochlear nerves (CNs VI-VIII) all emerging from the pontomedullary groove, as originally depicted by Soemmerring in 1778. Direct observation at microsurgery of the cerebellopontine angle reveals

2016 Journal of Neurosurgery

128. Sumatriptan improves postoperative quality of recovery and reduces postcraniotomy headache after cranial nerve decompression. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Sumatriptan improves postoperative quality of recovery and reduces postcraniotomy headache after cranial nerve decompression. Microvascular decompression (MVD) is a surgical treatment for cranial nerve disorders via a small craniotomy. The postoperative pain of this procedure can be classified as surgical site somatic pain and postcraniotomy headache similar in nature to a migraine, including its association with photophobia, nausea, and vomiting. This headache can be difficult to treat and can

2016 British Journal of Anaesthesia Controlled trial quality: predicted high

129. Comparison of probabilistic and deterministic fiber tracking of cranial nerves. Full Text available with Trip Pro

toward significance in probabilistic tracking (p = 0.06). In the clinical cases, the probabilistic method visualized 7 of 10 attempted CNs accurately, compared with 3 correct depictions with deterministic tracking. CONCLUSIONS High angular resolution DTI scans are preferable for the DTI-based depiction of the cranial nerves. Probabilistic tracking with a gradual PICo threshold increase is more effective for this task than the previously described deterministic tracking with a gradual FA threshold (...) Comparison of probabilistic and deterministic fiber tracking of cranial nerves. OBJECTIVE The depiction of cranial nerves (CNs) using diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) is of great interest in skull base tumor surgery and DTI used with deterministic tracking methods has been reported previously. However, there are still no good methods usable for the elimination of noise from the resulting depictions. The authors have hypothesized that probabilistic tracking could lead to more accurate results

2016 Journal of Neurosurgery

130. Cranial Nerves Tractography

Cranial Nerves Tractography Cranial Nerves Tractography - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting registration or results information. Search for terms x × Study Record Detail Saved Studies Save this study Warning You have reached the maximum number of saved studies (100). Please remove one or more studies before adding more. Cranial Nerves Tractography (CN Tracto) The safety and scientific validity of this study (...) Description Go to Brief Summary: Introduction: The skull base tumors surgery remains a challenge since numerous cranial nerves or vessels closely surround them. Recently, diffusion tensor imaging has developed with the tractography following white fibers and visualizing functional tracts. Cranial nerves tractography could allow predicting their displacement by skull base tumors that may help the surgeon to spare them along the surgery. Methods: Preoperative cerebral MRI was performed on patients who

2016 Clinical Trials

131. Cranial nerve injury is associated with dual antiplatelet therapy use and cervical hematoma after carotid endarterectomy. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Cranial nerve injury is associated with dual antiplatelet therapy use and cervical hematoma after carotid endarterectomy. To determine predictors of cranial nerve injury (CNI) after carotid endarterectomy (CEA).Consecutive CEAs performed over a 5-year period were enrolled in this study. Outcomes analyzed included 30-day major adverse event rate (composite of stroke, death, and myocardial infarction), death, stroke, disabling stroke, myocardial infarction, cervical hematoma and CNI rate (...) ). CNI rate at discharge was 2.3% (n = 29). Two patients (9%) had more than one cranial nerve affected. The marginal mandibular branch of the facial nerve was most frequently involved (n = 16; 52%), followed by the hypoglossal (n = 9; 29%), the vagus (n = 4; 13%), and the spinal accessory nerve (n = 2; 6%). Horner's syndrome, consistent with an injury to the cervical sympathetic chain, occurred in 13 patients (1%) who had a true cranial nerve affected as well. The vast majority (94%) of these CNIs

2016 Journal of Vascular Surgery

132. Cerebrospinal fluid dissemination of anaplastic intraventricular meningioma: report of a case presenting with progressive brainstem dysfunction and multiple cranial nerve palsies. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Cerebrospinal fluid dissemination of anaplastic intraventricular meningioma: report of a case presenting with progressive brainstem dysfunction and multiple cranial nerve palsies. It is extremely rare to see cerebrospinal fluid dissemination of intraventricular meningioma, particularly with the development of acute, progressive brainstem/cerebellar dysfunction with an absence of mass formation in the corresponding anatomical sites.An 81-year-old man was admitted because of double vision, right (...) facial nerve palsy and truncal ataxia. Brain magnetic resonance imaging showed normal findings except for a tumor mass in the left lateral ventricle, which had been noted over 6 months previously. The patient developed hiccups, hyperventilation, and drowsiness, which worsened progressively, and did not respond to corticosteroid or intraventricular immunoglobulin therapy. Cerebrospinal fluid study revealed a mild elevation of protein, and cytology was negative. The patient died and an autopsy

2016 BMC Neurology

133. Third Cranial Nerve Palsy in the Setting of Chikungunya Virus Infection. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Third Cranial Nerve Palsy in the Setting of Chikungunya Virus Infection. We report the case of a 62-year-old patient who developed an acute painless isolated left third cranial nerve palsy sparing the pupil in the setting of an acute chikungunya infection. The patient had no significant medical history. Specifically, he had no vascular risk factors. Ocular involvement in chikungunya fever is uncommon. The potential virus- and infection-related mechanisms of this third cranial nerve palsy

2016 American Journal of Tropical Medicine & Hygiene

134. A frontal external ventricular drain causing a third cranial nerve palsy. (Abstract)

A frontal external ventricular drain causing a third cranial nerve palsy. This 47-year-old gentleman presented with acute hydrocephalus secondary to a colloid cyst. Bilateral external ventricular drains (EVDs) were inserted. The patient developed a third nerve palsy during post-operative period - cranial imaging demonstrated the tip of an EVD in this vicinity. The palsy recovered completely on slight withdrawal of the EVD.

2016 British Journal of Neurosurgery

135. Idiopathic recurrent facial palsy: Facial nerve decompression via middle cranial fossa approach. (Abstract)

Idiopathic recurrent facial palsy: Facial nerve decompression via middle cranial fossa approach. To introduce our experience of preventing further episodes of idiopathic recurrent facial palsy by facial nerve decompression via middle cranial fossa approach.Twelve cases (surgery group) who had idiopathic recurrent facial palsy underwent facial nerve decompression via middle cranial fossa approach, and 6 cases (control group) who declined surgery accepted conservative treatment. Further episodes (...) decompression via middle cranial fossa approach was able to prevent further episodes of idiopathic recurrent facial palsy, and surgical decompression seemed to achieve better outcomes of facial nerve than conservative treatment.Copyright © 2016. Published by Elsevier Inc.

2016 American Journal of Otolaryngology

136. Malignant Peripheral Nerve Sheath Tumor of the C2 Nerve Root: Case Report Full Text available with Trip Pro

Malignant Peripheral Nerve Sheath Tumor of the C2 Nerve Root: Case Report Here we present the case of a 36-year-old man who was found to have a symptomatic malignant neural sheath tumor growing from the C2 nerve root following a period of progressively worsening headaches. The patient was successfully treated with surgical resection resulting in resolution of cranial nerve deficits. Though uncommon, malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumor must be considered in the differential diagnosis (...) of tumors involving the cervical nerve roots and carotid space.

2017 Journal of neurological surgery reports

137. Topographical study of the trapezius muscle, greater occipital nerve, and occipital artery for facilitating blockade of the greater occipital nerve. Full Text available with Trip Pro

. The piercing points and the courses of the greater occipital nerve and occipital artery were analyzed by dividing a line connecting between the external occipital protuberance and mastoid process into three equal parts. A circle with a radius of 2 cm drawn at the medial trisection point of this line was divided into four equal sectors. The greater occipital nerve simply passed the lateral border of the trapezius muscle and then pierced the fascia connecting the cranial attachment of the trapezius muscle (...) Topographical study of the trapezius muscle, greater occipital nerve, and occipital artery for facilitating blockade of the greater occipital nerve. The aim of this study was to clarify the topographical relationships between the greater occipital nerve and the trapezius muscle and between the greater occipital nerve and the occipital artery in the occiput in order to increase the success rate of greater occipital nerve blockade. Fifty-six halved heads of 28 cadavers were used in this study

2018 PLoS ONE

138. Evaluation of 3D Printed Temporal Bone Models in Preparation for Middle Cranial Fossa Surgery. (Abstract)

Evaluation of 3D Printed Temporal Bone Models in Preparation for Middle Cranial Fossa Surgery. Patient-specific 3D printed models are useful presurgical planning tools because they accurately represent the anatomy and drilling characteristics of the middle cranial fossa (MCF) approach to the internal auditory canal (IAC).The MCF approach to the IAC can be challenging due to variability of the bony architecture along the floor of the middle fossa. Patient-specific 3D printed models may enhance (...) surgeon knowledge of a given patient's anatomy when preparing for MCF surgery.Six temporal bone models were printed from photoacrylic resin based on CT data obtained from cadaveric specimens using a desktop stereolithography 3D printer. Critical structures to avoid injuring, the facial nerve and membranous labyrinth, were modeled as hollow cavities and filled with indicator paint. Two neurotologists each drilled three 3D printed models and the corresponding cadaveric specimens, and then completed a 41

2019 Otology and Neurotology

139. The relevant psychological burden of having a benign brain tumor: a prospective study of patients undergoing surgical treatment of cranial meningiomas. (Abstract)

The relevant psychological burden of having a benign brain tumor: a prospective study of patients undergoing surgical treatment of cranial meningiomas. OBJECTIVEMeningiomas are the most common intracranial neoplasm. Evidence concerning surgical management and outcome is abundant, while the implications for the quality of life (QOL) of a patient confronted with the diagnosis and undergoing surgery are unclear. The authors conducted a prospective study to evaluate QOL in relation to psychological (...) comorbidities comorbidities.METHODSA prospective study of patients undergoing elective surgery for the removal of an intracranial meningioma was performed. The authors evaluated depression (Allgemeine Depressionsskala K score) and anxiety (Post-Traumatic Stress Scale-10 [PTSS-10]; State Trait Anxiety Inventory-State Anxiety and -Trait Anxiety [STAI-S and STAI-T]; and Anxiety Sensitivity Index-3 [ASI-3]) scores before surgery and at 3 and 12 months after surgery. The correlation between preoperative

2019 Journal of Neurosurgery

140. A Bayesian multivariate latent t-regression model for assessing the association between corticosteroid and cranial radiation exposures and cardiometabolic complications in survivors of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia: a PETALE study. Full Text available with Trip Pro

A Bayesian multivariate latent t-regression model for assessing the association between corticosteroid and cranial radiation exposures and cardiometabolic complications in survivors of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia: a PETALE study. Childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (cALL) is the most frequent pediatric cancer. Over the past decades, treatment of cALL has significantly improved, with cure rates close to 90%. However intensive chemotherapy and cranial radiotherapy (CRT) during (...) ) was OR = 1.98 (95% credible interval (CrI): 1.02 to 3.88). LD/CRT level also led to a 0.15 (95% CrI: 0.00 to 0.29) excess risk to develop at least one cardiometabolic complication. Except for obesity, adjusted results for the highest exposure category HD/CRT were generally similar to those for LD/CRT albeit not statistically significant. White blood cell count at diagnosis, a proxy for cALL burden at diagnosis, was found associated with insulin resistance (OR = 1.08 for a 10-unit increase (× 109/L), 95% CrI

2019 BMC medical research methodology

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