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Cranial Nerve 10

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121. Prophylactic cranial irradiation or no prophylactic cranial irradiation in metastatic small cell lung cancer: is it a relevant question once again? (PubMed)

Prophylactic cranial irradiation or no prophylactic cranial irradiation in metastatic small cell lung cancer: is it a relevant question once again? 29268458 2018 11 13 2072-1439 9 11 2017 Nov Journal of thoracic disease J Thorac Dis Prophylactic cranial irradiation or no prophylactic cranial irradiation in metastatic small cell lung cancer: is it a relevant question once again? 4157-4161 10.21037/jtd.2017.10.10 Le Pechoux Cecile C Department of Radiation Oncology, Gustave Roussy Cancer Campus (...) 23597420 Lancet Oncol. 2016 Jul;17 (7):e277-e293 27396646 J Natl Cancer Inst. 1995 May 17;87(10):766; author reply 767 7563156 Clin Oncol (R Coll Radiol). 2016 Nov;28(11):712-719 27522475 J Natl Cancer Inst. 1995 Feb 1;87(3):183-90 7707405

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2017 Journal of thoracic disease

122. Cranial and Cervical Muscular Weakness in Mitochondrial Myopathy Is Associated With Resolution of Migraine Headaches: Further Evidence That Muscular Compression of Cranial and Peripheral Nerves Is a Cause of Headache in a Subset of Patients With Migraine (PubMed)

Cranial and Cervical Muscular Weakness in Mitochondrial Myopathy Is Associated With Resolution of Migraine Headaches: Further Evidence That Muscular Compression of Cranial and Peripheral Nerves Is a Cause of Headache in a Subset of Patients With Migraine A significant subset of patients with migraine headaches has pain relief after neuroplasty/muscular decompression of select cranial and cervical nerves. In the majority of cases, compression occurs secondary to compression of the nerves (...) can result in persistent resolution of migraine headache pain, giving further evidence to the concept that peripheral and/or cranial nerve compression causes migraine headache pain in a subset of patients with a diagnosis of migraine.

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2015 Eplasty

123. Benefits and Harms of Cranial Electrical Stimulation for Chronic Painful Conditions, Depression, Anxiety, and Insomnia: A Systematic Review. (PubMed)

Benefits and Harms of Cranial Electrical Stimulation for Chronic Painful Conditions, Depression, Anxiety, and Insomnia: A Systematic Review. Cranial electrical stimulation (CES) is increasingly popular as a treatment, yet its clinical benefit is unclear.To review evidence about the benefits and harms of CES for adult patients with chronic painful conditions, depression, anxiety, and insomnia.Several databases from inception to 10 October 2017 without language restrictions and references from

2018 Annals of Internal Medicine

124. Systematic narrative review of reviews to assess the comparative effectiveness and safety of manual therapy care for infants with 'colic', cranial asymmetry and congenital torticollis protocol

Systematic narrative review of reviews to assess the comparative effectiveness and safety of manual therapy care for infants with 'colic', cranial asymmetry and congenital torticollis protocol Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. The registrant confirms that the information supplied for this submission is accurate and complete. CRD bears (...) be recalculated from mg/dL); Renal histological damage as assessed by Jablonski scale; continuous; Jablonski score. ">Data to be extracted: secondary outcome(s) Example: 1st author, year of publication, language, journal. ">Data to be extracted: other as well as a to meta-analysis of pre-clinical studies are available. Example: A meta‐analysis will be performed for all outcome measures reported in 10 or more articles. For subgroup analysis a minimum of 8 studies per subgroup is required. If meta‐analysis

2019 PROSPERO

125. Cranial findings detected by second trimester ultrasound in fetuses with spina bifida: a systematic review

Cranial findings detected by second trimester ultrasound in fetuses with spina bifida: a systematic review Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. The registrant confirms that the information supplied for this submission is accurate and complete. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any associated files (...) . ">Data to be extracted: secondary outcome(s) Example: 1st author, year of publication, language, journal. ">Data to be extracted: other as well as a to meta-analysis of pre-clinical studies are available. Example: A meta‐analysis will be performed for all outcome measures reported in 10 or more articles. For subgroup analysis a minimum of 8 studies per subgroup is required. If meta‐analysis is not possible, data will be reported through a descriptive summary. ">Planned approach If a meta-analysis

2019 PROSPERO

126. Nasal cause of sixth cranial nerve palsy (PubMed)

Nasal cause of sixth cranial nerve palsy 25893063 2015 04 20 2018 11 13 1985-207X 8 3 2013 Malaysian family physician : the official journal of the Academy of Family Physicians of Malaysia Malays Fam Physician Nasal cause of sixth cranial nerve palsy. 54 Mohamad I I Department of otorhinolaryngology-Head & Neck Surgery, School of Medical sciences, Universiti sains Malaysia Health Campus. eng Journal Article 2013 12 31 Malaysia Malays Fam Physician 101466855 1985-2274 2015 4 21 6 0 2013 1 1 0 0

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2013 Malaysian family physician : the official journal of the Academy of Family Physicians of Malaysia

127. Evaluation of 3D Printed Temporal Bone Models in Preparation for Middle Cranial Fossa Surgery. (PubMed)

Evaluation of 3D Printed Temporal Bone Models in Preparation for Middle Cranial Fossa Surgery. Patient-specific 3D printed models are useful presurgical planning tools because they accurately represent the anatomy and drilling characteristics of the middle cranial fossa (MCF) approach to the internal auditory canal (IAC).The MCF approach to the IAC can be challenging due to variability of the bony architecture along the floor of the middle fossa. Patient-specific 3D printed models may enhance (...) surgeon knowledge of a given patient's anatomy when preparing for MCF surgery.Six temporal bone models were printed from photoacrylic resin based on CT data obtained from cadaveric specimens using a desktop stereolithography 3D printer. Critical structures to avoid injuring, the facial nerve and membranous labyrinth, were modeled as hollow cavities and filled with indicator paint. Two neurotologists each drilled three 3D printed models and the corresponding cadaveric specimens, and then completed a 41

2019 Otology and Neurotology

128. The relevant psychological burden of having a benign brain tumor: a prospective study of patients undergoing surgical treatment of cranial meningiomas. (PubMed)

The relevant psychological burden of having a benign brain tumor: a prospective study of patients undergoing surgical treatment of cranial meningiomas. OBJECTIVEMeningiomas are the most common intracranial neoplasm. Evidence concerning surgical management and outcome is abundant, while the implications for the quality of life (QOL) of a patient confronted with the diagnosis and undergoing surgery are unclear. The authors conducted a prospective study to evaluate QOL in relation to psychological (...) comorbidities comorbidities.METHODSA prospective study of patients undergoing elective surgery for the removal of an intracranial meningioma was performed. The authors evaluated depression (Allgemeine Depressionsskala K score) and anxiety (Post-Traumatic Stress Scale-10 [PTSS-10]; State Trait Anxiety Inventory-State Anxiety and -Trait Anxiety [STAI-S and STAI-T]; and Anxiety Sensitivity Index-3 [ASI-3]) scores before surgery and at 3 and 12 months after surgery. The correlation between preoperative

2019 Journal of Neurosurgery

129. The clinical outcomes for chordomas in the cranial base and spine: A single center experience. (PubMed)

The clinical outcomes for chordomas in the cranial base and spine: A single center experience. Owing to the special growth pattern of chordomas and the limited treatment options currently available, the treatment of chordoma still remains difficult. In this study, we hope to further clarify the relationship between surgical treatment and radiotherapy of chordoma and disease progression.All patients with a primary histopathological diagnosis of clival or spinal chordomas recorded in our (...) institution between 1976 and 2017 were examined.A total of 60 patients (location: skull base/clival, n = 24; vertebral column, n = 5; sacrum, n = 31) had a mean follow-up time of 7.7 years (range 12 months-35 years). Compared with patients who received subtotal resection (n = 5, 5-year and 10-year survival = 61% and 39%, respectively), the annual survival rate of patients who received total resection (n = 55, 5-year and 10-year survival = 67%, respectively) was significantly higher. The overall 10-year

2019 Medicine

130. Predictive value of posterior cranial fossa morphology in the decompression of Chiari malformation type I: A retrospective observational study. (PubMed)

Predictive value of posterior cranial fossa morphology in the decompression of Chiari malformation type I: A retrospective observational study. Posterior fossa decompression (PFD) is the standard procedure for the treatment of Chiari malformation type I (CMI). Although most patients have satisfactory surgical outcomes, some show no improvement or even a worsening of symptoms. Patient selection is thought to account for these different surgical outcomes. Our aim was to evaluate the predictive (...) value of the preoperative posterior cranial fossa (PCF) morphology on the efficacy of PFD.Data from 39 CMI patients with CMI-related symptoms who underwent occipital foramen enlargement + C-1 laminectomy + enlarged duraplasty were retrospectively collected from January 2011 to May 2018. The patients were divided into improved and unimproved groups according to the modified Chicago Chiari Outcome Scale. Demographic information and clinical history, including preoperative comorbidities and clinical

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2019 Medicine

131. A Bayesian multivariate latent t-regression model for assessing the association between corticosteroid and cranial radiation exposures and cardiometabolic complications in survivors of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia: a PETALE study. (PubMed)

A Bayesian multivariate latent t-regression model for assessing the association between corticosteroid and cranial radiation exposures and cardiometabolic complications in survivors of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia: a PETALE study. Childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (cALL) is the most frequent pediatric cancer. Over the past decades, treatment of cALL has significantly improved, with cure rates close to 90%. However intensive chemotherapy and cranial radiotherapy (CRT) during (...) ) was OR = 1.98 (95% credible interval (CrI): 1.02 to 3.88). LD/CRT level also led to a 0.15 (95% CrI: 0.00 to 0.29) excess risk to develop at least one cardiometabolic complication. Except for obesity, adjusted results for the highest exposure category HD/CRT were generally similar to those for LD/CRT albeit not statistically significant. White blood cell count at diagnosis, a proxy for cALL burden at diagnosis, was found associated with insulin resistance (OR = 1.08 for a 10-unit increase (× 109/L), 95% CrI

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2019 BMC medical research methodology

132. Hearing Improvement Following Middle Cranial Fossa Floor Defect Repair Utilizing a Modified Middle Fossa Approach and Reconstructive Techniques. (PubMed)

Hearing Improvement Following Middle Cranial Fossa Floor Defect Repair Utilizing a Modified Middle Fossa Approach and Reconstructive Techniques. Few studies report hearing preservation following middle cranial fossa (MCF) floor defect repair.To investigate audiological outcomes following MCF floor defect repair using a modified MCF suprapetrous approach.Retrospective cohort.Tertiary referral center.Eleven patients, with MCF floor defects.MCF floor defect surgical repairs with either fascia (...) contents from the defect. Five patients had repair with temporalis fascia and split calvarial bone graft, and six patients had repair with fascia only. Follow up audiogram was performed at a mean 7.5 months (range, 0.5-24 mo). There was no recurrent CSF leak during the follow up period. The 10 patients (90.9%, 95% confidence interval [CI] 60.1-100.6) who had complete audiologic data sets demonstrated a mean improvement of 18.86 dB (range, -7.5 to 33.75 dB) in hearing postoperatively. One

2019 Otology and Neurotology

133. Whole-Genome Sequencing of Childhood Cancer Survivors Treated with Cranial Radiation Therapy Identifies 5p15.33 Locus for Stroke: A Report from the St. Jude Lifetime Cohort Study. (PubMed)

Whole-Genome Sequencing of Childhood Cancer Survivors Treated with Cranial Radiation Therapy Identifies 5p15.33 Locus for Stroke: A Report from the St. Jude Lifetime Cohort Study. To identify genetic factors associated with risk of stroke among survivors of childhood cancer treated with cranial radiotherapy (CRT).We analyzed whole-genome sequencing (36.8-fold) data of 686 childhood cancer survivors of European ancestry [median (range), 40.4 (12.4-64.7) years old; 54% male] from the St. Jude (...) Lifetime Cohort study treated with CRT, of whom 116 (17%) had clinically diagnosed stroke. Association analyses (single-variant and Burden/SKAT tests) were performed, adjusting for demographic characteristics and childhood cancer treatment exposures.We identified a genome-wide significant association between 5p15.33 locus and stroke [rs112896372: HR = 2.55; P = 1.42 × 10-8], with a stronger association (HR = 3.68) among survivors treated with CRT dose 25-50 Gray (Gy) and weaker associations among those

2019 Clinical Cancer Research

134. Malignant Peripheral Nerve Sheath Tumor of the C2 Nerve Root: Case Report (PubMed)

Malignant Peripheral Nerve Sheath Tumor of the C2 Nerve Root: Case Report Here we present the case of a 36-year-old man who was found to have a symptomatic malignant neural sheath tumor growing from the C2 nerve root following a period of progressively worsening headaches. The patient was successfully treated with surgical resection resulting in resolution of cranial nerve deficits. Though uncommon, malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumor must be considered in the differential diagnosis (...) of tumors involving the cervical nerve roots and carotid space.

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2017 Journal of neurological surgery reports

135. Cranial-Nerve Palsies and Oral Cancer

Cranial-Nerve Palsies and Oral Cancer Rotation Prep | NEJM Resident 360 Social Login Email Login Log in via Email Create Your Account We will not share your email with anyone. Password must be at least 8 characters. Show or Hide the password you are typing. Request to Join has invited you to join this group Your browser does not support video tags Welcome! NEJM Resident 360 helps you prepare for your next rotation quickly and efficiently, provides support for coping with the pressures

2012 Now@NEJM

136. Facial Nerve Translocation for Low Tension Neurorrhaphy to Masseteric Nerve. (PubMed)

Facial Nerve Translocation for Low Tension Neurorrhaphy to Masseteric Nerve. The techniques of facial reanimation are continually evolving in search of the ideal method for rehabilitating the paralyzed face. In the past, alternative cranial nerve motor nuclei have been used to power facial musculature. The trigeminal nerve is gaining popularity as a promising nerve to drive facial motion, particularly in the lower face.This article describes a low-tension technique of using the transposed (...) facial nerve to the trigeminal nerve (masseteric branch) for facial reanimation.Six patients over 2.5 years were treated with facial nerve translocation with division at the geniculate and direct neurorrhaphy to the motor branch of the masseter. Patients were evaluated by physical examination, measurement of oral commissure excursion using MEEI FACE-gram software, video assessment, Sunnybrook Facial Grading System, Facial Disability Index, and Facial Clinimetric Evaluation Scale (FaCE).Patients

2019 Otology and Neurotology

137. Cranial Nerve 10

Cranial Nerve 10 Cranial Nerve 10 Toggle navigation Brain Head & Neck Chest Endocrine Abdomen Musculoskeletal Skin Infectious Disease Hematology & Oncology Cohorts Diagnostics Emergency Findings Procedures Prevention & Management Pharmacy Resuscitation Trauma Emergency Procedures Ultrasound Cardiovascular Emergencies Lung Emergencies Infectious Disease Pediatrics Neurologic Emergencies Skin Exposure Miscellaneous Abuse Cancer Administration 4 Cranial Nerve 10 Cranial Nerve 10 Aka: Cranial Nerve (...) 10 , Cranial Nerve X , Vagus Nerve , CN 10 II. Anatomy: Cranial Nerves 9-11 Lewis (1918) Gray's Anatomy 20th ed (in at or ) Lewis (1918) Gray's Anatomy 20th ed (in at or ) Lewis (1918) Gray's Anatomy 20th ed (in at or ) III. Physiology Most extensive innervation of any Neck, thorax, innervation Motor, sensory and autonomic IV. Anatomy: Nucleii in Medulla transmits signals to pharynx for swallowing, as well as Also innervates Levator Veli Palatini (raises the ) Dorsal Motor Nucleus CN10 innervates

2015 FP Notebook

138. The internal cranial anatomy of Romundina stellina Ørvig, 1975 (Vertebrata, Placodermi, Acanthothoraci) and the origin of jawed vertebrates-Anatomical atlas of a primitive gnathostome. (PubMed)

The internal cranial anatomy of Romundina stellina Ørvig, 1975 (Vertebrata, Placodermi, Acanthothoraci) and the origin of jawed vertebrates-Anatomical atlas of a primitive gnathostome. Placoderms are considered as the first jawed vertebrates and constitute a paraphyletic group in the stem-gnathostome grade. The acanthothoracid placoderms are among the phylogenetically most basal and morphologically primitive gnathostomes, but their neurocranial anatomy is poorly understood. Here we present (...) of grinding series. Despite some loss of material along an oblique crack, most of the internal structures are remarkably preserved, and most of the missing structures can be reconstructed by symmetry. This virtual approach offers the possibility to connect with certainty all the external foramina to the blood and nerve canals and the central structures, and thus identify accurate homologies without destroying the specimen. The high level of detail enables description of the main arterial, venous and nerve

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2017 PLoS ONE

139. Anatomical and surgical factors associated with cranial nerves injuries in le fort i osteotomy: a systematic review

Anatomical and surgical factors associated with cranial nerves injuries in le fort i osteotomy: a systematic review Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any associated files or external websites. Email salutation (e.g. "Dr Smith" or "Joanne") for correspondence (...) , language, journal. ">Data to be extracted: other as well as a to meta-analysis of pre-clinical studies are available. Example: A meta‐analysis will be performed for all outcome measures reported in 10 or more articles. For subgroup analysis a minimum of 8 studies per subgroup is required. If meta‐analysis is not possible, data will be reported through a descriptive summary. ">Planned approach Example: number of metastases: standardized mean difference; incidence of metastasis: risk ratio. ">Effect

2018 PROSPERO

140. Incidence, outcomes, and effect on quality of life of cranial nerve injury in the Carotid Revascularization Endarterectomy versus Stenting Trial. (PubMed)

Incidence, outcomes, and effect on quality of life of cranial nerve injury in the Carotid Revascularization Endarterectomy versus Stenting Trial. Cranial nerve injury (CNI) is the most common neurologic complication of carotid endarterectomy (CEA) and can cause significant chronic disability. Data from prior randomized trials are limited and provide no health-related quality of life (HRQOL) outcomes specific to CNI. Incidence of CNIs and their outcomes for patients in the Carotid (...) in 53 patients (4.6%). Cranial nerves injured were VII (30.2%), XII (24.5%), and IX/X (41.5%), and 3.8% had Horner syndrome. CNI occurred in 52 of 1040 patients (5.0%) receiving general anesthesia and in one of 111 patients (0.9%) operated on under local anesthesia (P = .05). No other predictive baseline or procedural factors were identified. Deficits resolved in 18 patients (34%) at 1 month and in 42 of 52 patients (80.8%) by 1 year. One patient died before the 1-year follow-up visit. The HRQOL

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2015 Journal of Vascular Surgery

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