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Cranial Nerve 10

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121. Isolated fourth cranial nerve palsy due to pituitary macroadenoma Full Text available with Trip Pro

Isolated fourth cranial nerve palsy due to pituitary macroadenoma 28050074 2018 11 13 0377-1237 72 Suppl 1 2016 Dec Medical journal, Armed Forces India Med J Armed Forces India Isolated fourth cranial nerve palsy due to pituitary macroadenoma. S67-S69 10.1016/j.mjafi.2016.01.008 Muthukrishnan J J Associate Professor, Department of Internal Medicine, Armed Forces Medical College, Pune 411040, India. Bharadwaj Khushboo K Resident, Department of Internal Medicine, Armed Forces Medical College (...) , Pune 411040, India. Singh Yashpal Y Senior Adviser (Medicine), Army Hospital (R&R), New Delhi 110010, India. eng Journal Article 2016 03 29 India Med J Armed Forces India 7602492 0377-1237 Fourth cranial nerve Macroadenoma Superior oblique palsy 2015 06 24 2016 01 21 2017 1 5 6 0 2017 1 5 6 0 2017 1 5 6 1 ppublish 28050074 10.1016/j.mjafi.2016.01.008 S0377-1237(16)00034-4 PMC5192200 Am J Ophthalmol. 1999 Feb;127(2):235-6 10030582 Am J Ophthalmol. 1999 Feb;127(2):236-7 10030583 Ophthalmology. 2013

2016 Medical journal, Armed Forces India

122. Unusual Spread of Renal Cell Carcinoma to the Clivus with Cranial Nerve Deficit Full Text available with Trip Pro

Unusual Spread of Renal Cell Carcinoma to the Clivus with Cranial Nerve Deficit Renal cell carcinoma (RCC) has unusual presentation affecting elderly males with a smoking history. The incidence of RCC varies while the incidence of spread of RCC to the clivus is rare. The typicality of RCC presentation includes hematuria, flank pain, and a palpable flank mass; however, RCC can also present with clival metastasis. The unique path of the abducens nerve in the clivus makes it susceptible to damage (...) in metastasis. We report a case of a 54-year-old African American female that was evaluated for back pain, weakness, numbness, and tingling of bilateral lower extremities and subsequently disconjugate gaze and diplopia. Brain MRI confirmed metastasis to the clivus. She was started on radiotherapy and was planned for chemotherapy and transfer to a nursing home. When a patient presents with sudden unusual cranial nerve pathology, the possibility of metastatic RCC should be sought.

2016 Case reports in neurological medicine

123. Isolated Cranial Nerve-III Palsy Secondary to Perimesencephalic Subarachnoid Hemorrhage Full Text available with Trip Pro

Isolated Cranial Nerve-III Palsy Secondary to Perimesencephalic Subarachnoid Hemorrhage We describe isolated cranial nerve-III palsy as a rare clinical finding in a patient with perimesencephalic subarachnoid hemorrhage. In this unusual case, the patient presented with complete cranial nerve-III palsy including ptosis and pupillary involvement. Initial studies revealed subarachnoid hemorrhage in the perimesencephalic, prepontine, and interpeduncular cisterns. Angiographic studies were negative (...) for an intracranial aneurysm. The patient's neurological deficits improved with no residual deficits on follow-up several months after initial presentation. Our case report supports the notion that patients with perimesencephalic subarachnoid hemorrhage have an excellent prognosis. Our report further adds a case of isolated cranial nerve-III palsy as a rare initial presentation of this type of bleeding, adding to the limited body of the literature.

2016 Case reports in neurological medicine

124. Testing cranial nerve VII: It is all in the wording Full Text available with Trip Pro

Testing cranial nerve VII: It is all in the wording During our practice of clinical neurological examination we frequently observed that patients, upon testing of cranial nerve VII, when instructed to "wrinkle their forehead" (to evaluate the innervation of the M. frontalis), seem to falsely "frown" (i.e. innervate the corrugator supercilii). Here, we set out to prospectively evaluate prevalence and characteristics of this phenomenon. Using a semi-structured questionnaire, we show

2016 eNeurologicalSci

125. Increased Operative Time for Benign Cranial Nerve Tumor Resection Correlates with Increased Morbidity Postoperatively Full Text available with Trip Pro

Increased Operative Time for Benign Cranial Nerve Tumor Resection Correlates with Increased Morbidity Postoperatively Operative time, previously identified as a risk factor for postoperative morbidity, is examined in patients undergoing benign cranial nerve tumor resection.This retrospective cohort analysis included patients enrolled in the ACS-NSQIP registry from 2007 through 2013 with a diagnosis of a benign cranial nerve neoplasm.Primary outcomes included postoperative morbidity (...) complication (OR 4.26, 95% CI 2.08-8.72), return to the operating room (OR 2.65, 95% CI 1.23-5.67), and increased length of stay(1.6 days, 95% CI 0.94-2.23 days). Each additional minute of operative time was associated with an increased odds of overall complication (OR 1.004, 95% CI 1.002-1.006) and increased length of stay (0.006 days, 95% CI 0.004-0.008).Increased operative time in patients undergoing surgical resection of a benign cranial nerve neoplasm was associated with an increased rate

2016 Journal of neurological surgery. Part B, Skull base

126. Bilateral Cranial IX and X Nerve Palsies After Mild Traumatic Brain Injury Full Text available with Trip Pro

Bilateral Cranial IX and X Nerve Palsies After Mild Traumatic Brain Injury We report a 57-year-old man with bilateral cranial nerve IX and X palsies who presented with severe dysphagia. After a mild head injury, the patient complained of difficult swallowing. Physical examination revealed normal tongue motion and no uvular deviation. Cervical X-ray findings were negative, but a brain computed tomography revealed a skull fracture involving bilateral jugular foramen. Laryngoscopy indicated

2016 Annals of rehabilitation medicine

127. Isolated neurosarcoidosis presenting with multiple cranial nerve palsies Full Text available with Trip Pro

Isolated neurosarcoidosis presenting with multiple cranial nerve palsies As an extremely rare subtype of sarcoidosis that develops exclusively in the nervous system, isolated neurosarcoidosis is difficult to diagnose. In addition, its exact clinical features are not known.A 61-year-old man presented with right ear hearing loss, diplopia, and fever. Computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging revealed mass lesions in the right cerebellum and left side body of the lateral ventricle

2016 Surgical neurology international

128. Histomorphogenesis of cranial nerves in Huso huso larvae Full Text available with Trip Pro

Histomorphogenesis of cranial nerves in Huso huso larvae In this study the cranial nerves development of H. huso are explained from 1 to 54-days-old (1, 3, 6, 15, 21 and 54 days). Despite all the researches on fish brain, there are no study on nerves evolution on H. huso during their larvae life. For this research 40 samples of larvae H. huso were obtained (from each age, about six samples were selected). The specimens were maintained in fiberglass tank, then histological samples were taken (...) from tissues and stained with hematoxylin and eosin for general histological studies using light microscope. According to the results, on 1 and 3-days-old, no nerve was observed. The terminal nerve and their dendrites were observed around the nasal cavity and the axons projected to different areas in forebrain especially around olfactory bulb diffusely, on 6-day-old fish. Also, olfactory, optic, oculomotor, trochlear, trigeminal, lateral line and vagus nerves were detected on 6-day-old fish

2016 Veterinary Research Forum

129. Electrical Stimulation of the Ear, Head, Cranial Nerve, or Cortex for the Treatment of Tinnitus: A Scoping Review Full Text available with Trip Pro

Electrical Stimulation of the Ear, Head, Cranial Nerve, or Cortex for the Treatment of Tinnitus: A Scoping Review Tinnitus is defined as the perception of sound in the absence of an external source. It is often associated with hearing loss and is thought to result from abnormal neural activity at some point or points in the auditory pathway, which is incorrectly interpreted by the brain as an actual sound. Neurostimulation therapies therefore, which interfere on some level with that abnormal (...) levels of oscillatory cortical activity and restore typical levels of activity. This change in activity should alter or interrupt the tinnitus percept (reduction or extinction) making it less bothersome. Here we review developments in therapies involving electrical stimulation of the ear, head, cranial nerve, or cortex in the treatment of tinnitus which demonstrably, or are hypothesised to, interrupt pathological neuronal activity in the cortex associated with tinnitus.

2016 Neural plasticity

130. Large Posterior Communicating Artery Aneurysm: Initial Presentation with Reproducible Facial Pain Without Cranial Nerve Deficit Full Text available with Trip Pro

Large Posterior Communicating Artery Aneurysm: Initial Presentation with Reproducible Facial Pain Without Cranial Nerve Deficit Unruptured posterior communicating artery (PCOM) aneurysms can be difficult to diagnose and, when large (≥ 7mm), represent a substantial risk to the patient. While most unruptured PCOM aneurysms are asymptomatic, when symptoms do occur, clinical manifestations typically include severe headache (HA), visual acuity loss, and cranial nerve deficit. This case report (...) describes an atypical initial presentation of a large unruptured PCOM aneurysm with symptoms mimicking trigeminal neuralgia, without other associated cranial nerve palsies or neurologic deficits. The patient returned to the emergency department four days later with a HA, trigeminal neuralgia, and a new cranial nerve III palsy. After appropriate imaging, she was found to have a large PCOM aneurysm, which was treated with surgical clipping with significant improvement in patient's symptoms.

2016 Western Journal of Emergency Medicine

131. Third, Fourth, and Sixth Cranial Nerve Palsies in Pituitary Apoplexy Full Text available with Trip Pro

Third, Fourth, and Sixth Cranial Nerve Palsies in Pituitary Apoplexy Pituitary apoplexy (PA) often presents with acute headache and neuro-ophthalmic manifestations, including ocular motility dysfunction (OMD) from cranial nerve palsies (CNPs). Our goal was to describe the epidemiology and outcomes of OMD in a large, single-center series of patients with PA.We conducted a retrospective chart review of all patients with PA seen in our pituitary center between January 1995 and December 2012

2016 World neurosurgery

132. Multimodal Navigation in Endoscopic Transsphenoidal Resection of Pituitary Tumors using Image-based Vascular and Cranial Nerve Segmentation: A Prospective Validation Study Full Text available with Trip Pro

Multimodal Navigation in Endoscopic Transsphenoidal Resection of Pituitary Tumors using Image-based Vascular and Cranial Nerve Segmentation: A Prospective Validation Study Transsphenoidal surgery (TSS) is the most common approach for the treatment of pituitary tumors. However, misdirection, vascular damage, intraoperative cerebrospinal fluid leakage, and optic nerve injuries are all well-known complications, and the risk of adverse events is more likely in less-experienced hands (...) of the navigation probe or Doppler probe on or as close as possible to the target.Preoperative segmentation of the internal carotid artery and cavernous sinus matched with the intraoperative endoscopic and micro-Doppler findings in all cases. Excellent correspondence between image-based segmentation and the endoscopic view was also evident at the surface of the tumor and at the tumor-normal gland interfaces. Image guidance assisted the surgeons in localizing the optic nerve and chiasm in 64% of cases. The mean

2016 World neurosurgery

133. Involvement of cranial nerves in a patient with secondary central nervous system lymphoma Full Text available with Trip Pro

Involvement of cranial nerves in a patient with secondary central nervous system lymphoma 27208575 2016 05 22 2018 11 13 1516-8484 38 2 2016 Apr-Jun Revista brasileira de hematologia e hemoterapia Rev Bras Hematol Hemoter Involvement of cranial nerves in a patient with secondary central nervous system lymphoma. 158-60 10.1016/j.bjhh.2016.02.001 S1516-8484(16)00024-4 Dantas Azevedo Roberta R Universidade Estadual de Campinas (UNICAMP), Campinas, SP, Brazil. Reis Fabiano F Universidade Estadual

2016 Revista brasileira de hematologia e hemoterapia

134. Cranial Nerves Tractography

Cranial Nerves Tractography Cranial Nerves Tractography - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting registration or results information. Search for terms x × Study Record Detail Saved Studies Save this study Warning You have reached the maximum number of saved studies (100). Please remove one or more studies before adding more. Cranial Nerves Tractography (CN Tracto) The safety and scientific validity of this study (...) Description Go to Brief Summary: Introduction: The skull base tumors surgery remains a challenge since numerous cranial nerves or vessels closely surround them. Recently, diffusion tensor imaging has developed with the tractography following white fibers and visualizing functional tracts. Cranial nerves tractography could allow predicting their displacement by skull base tumors that may help the surgeon to spare them along the surgery. Methods: Preoperative cerebral MRI was performed on patients who

2016 Clinical Trials

135. Cerebrospinal fluid dissemination of anaplastic intraventricular meningioma: report of a case presenting with progressive brainstem dysfunction and multiple cranial nerve palsies. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Cerebrospinal fluid dissemination of anaplastic intraventricular meningioma: report of a case presenting with progressive brainstem dysfunction and multiple cranial nerve palsies. It is extremely rare to see cerebrospinal fluid dissemination of intraventricular meningioma, particularly with the development of acute, progressive brainstem/cerebellar dysfunction with an absence of mass formation in the corresponding anatomical sites.An 81-year-old man was admitted because of double vision, right (...) facial nerve palsy and truncal ataxia. Brain magnetic resonance imaging showed normal findings except for a tumor mass in the left lateral ventricle, which had been noted over 6 months previously. The patient developed hiccups, hyperventilation, and drowsiness, which worsened progressively, and did not respond to corticosteroid or intraventricular immunoglobulin therapy. Cerebrospinal fluid study revealed a mild elevation of protein, and cytology was negative. The patient died and an autopsy

2016 BMC Neurology

136. Third Cranial Nerve Palsy in the Setting of Chikungunya Virus Infection. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Third Cranial Nerve Palsy in the Setting of Chikungunya Virus Infection. We report the case of a 62-year-old patient who developed an acute painless isolated left third cranial nerve palsy sparing the pupil in the setting of an acute chikungunya infection. The patient had no significant medical history. Specifically, he had no vascular risk factors. Ocular involvement in chikungunya fever is uncommon. The potential virus- and infection-related mechanisms of this third cranial nerve palsy

2016 American Journal of Tropical Medicine & Hygiene

137. A frontal external ventricular drain causing a third cranial nerve palsy. (Abstract)

A frontal external ventricular drain causing a third cranial nerve palsy. This 47-year-old gentleman presented with acute hydrocephalus secondary to a colloid cyst. Bilateral external ventricular drains (EVDs) were inserted. The patient developed a third nerve palsy during post-operative period - cranial imaging demonstrated the tip of an EVD in this vicinity. The palsy recovered completely on slight withdrawal of the EVD.

2016 British Journal of Neurosurgery

138. Radiographic occult cerebellar germinoma presenting with progressive ataxia and cranial nerve palsy. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Radiographic occult cerebellar germinoma presenting with progressive ataxia and cranial nerve palsy. Although the usefulness of susceptibility-weighted imaging (SWI) for detecting basal ganglia germinoma has been reported, the technique is not widely used. We recently encountered an unusual case of primary cerebellar germinoma, presenting with progressive ataxia and cranial nerve palsy, characterized by gradually enlarging low-intensity lesions visible with both T2*-weighted imaging (T2*WI

2016 BMC Neurology

139. The clinical outcomes for chordomas in the cranial base and spine: A single center experience. Full Text available with Trip Pro

The clinical outcomes for chordomas in the cranial base and spine: A single center experience. Owing to the special growth pattern of chordomas and the limited treatment options currently available, the treatment of chordoma still remains difficult. In this study, we hope to further clarify the relationship between surgical treatment and radiotherapy of chordoma and disease progression.All patients with a primary histopathological diagnosis of clival or spinal chordomas recorded in our (...) institution between 1976 and 2017 were examined.A total of 60 patients (location: skull base/clival, n = 24; vertebral column, n = 5; sacrum, n = 31) had a mean follow-up time of 7.7 years (range 12 months-35 years). Compared with patients who received subtotal resection (n = 5, 5-year and 10-year survival = 61% and 39%, respectively), the annual survival rate of patients who received total resection (n = 55, 5-year and 10-year survival = 67%, respectively) was significantly higher. The overall 10-year

2019 Medicine

140. Predictive value of posterior cranial fossa morphology in the decompression of Chiari malformation type I: A retrospective observational study. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Predictive value of posterior cranial fossa morphology in the decompression of Chiari malformation type I: A retrospective observational study. Posterior fossa decompression (PFD) is the standard procedure for the treatment of Chiari malformation type I (CMI). Although most patients have satisfactory surgical outcomes, some show no improvement or even a worsening of symptoms. Patient selection is thought to account for these different surgical outcomes. Our aim was to evaluate the predictive (...) value of the preoperative posterior cranial fossa (PCF) morphology on the efficacy of PFD.Data from 39 CMI patients with CMI-related symptoms who underwent occipital foramen enlargement + C-1 laminectomy + enlarged duraplasty were retrospectively collected from January 2011 to May 2018. The patients were divided into improved and unimproved groups according to the modified Chicago Chiari Outcome Scale. Demographic information and clinical history, including preoperative comorbidities and clinical

2019 Medicine

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