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Cranial Nerve 10

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101. Nasal cause of sixth cranial nerve palsy (Full text)

Nasal cause of sixth cranial nerve palsy 25893063 2015 04 20 2018 11 13 1985-207X 8 3 2013 Malaysian family physician : the official journal of the Academy of Family Physicians of Malaysia Malays Fam Physician Nasal cause of sixth cranial nerve palsy. 54 Mohamad I I Department of otorhinolaryngology-Head & Neck Surgery, School of Medical sciences, Universiti sains Malaysia Health Campus. eng Journal Article 2013 12 31 Malaysia Malays Fam Physician 101466855 1985-2274 2015 4 21 6 0 2013 1 1 0 0

2013 Malaysian family physician : the official journal of the Academy of Family Physicians of Malaysia PubMed abstract

102. Mapping genetic variants for cranial vault shape in humans. (Full text)

[MCW], maximum cranial length [MCL], and cephalic index [CI]) in a sample of 4419 healthy individuals of European ancestry. All measures were adjusted by sex, age, and body size, then tested for association with genetic variants spanning the genome. GWAS results for the two cohorts were combined via meta-analysis. Significant associations were observed at two loci: 15p11.2 (lead SNP rs2924767, p = 2.107 × 10-8) for MCW and 17q11.2 (lead SNP rs72841279, p = 5.29 × 10-9) for MCL. Additionally, 32 (...) Mapping genetic variants for cranial vault shape in humans. The shape of the cranial vault, a region comprising interlocking flat bones surrounding the cerebral cortex, varies considerably in humans. Strongly influenced by brain size and shape, cranial vault morphology has both clinical and evolutionary relevance. However, little is known about the genetic basis of normal vault shape in humans. We performed a genome-wide association study (GWAS) on three vault measures (maximum cranial width

2018 PLoS ONE PubMed abstract

103. Systematic review of the efficacy of rehabilitation to treat post-operative cranial cruciate ligament disease

Systematic review of the efficacy of rehabilitation to treat post-operative cranial cruciate ligament disease Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. The registrant confirms that the information supplied for this submission is accurate and complete. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any associated files (...) . ">Data to be extracted: secondary outcome(s) Example: 1st author, year of publication, language, journal. ">Data to be extracted: other as well as a to meta-analysis of pre-clinical studies are available. Example: A meta‐analysis will be performed for all outcome measures reported in 10 or more articles. For subgroup analysis a minimum of 8 studies per subgroup is required. If meta‐analysis is not possible, data will be reported through a descriptive summary. ">Planned approach If a meta-analysis

2019 PROSPERO

104. Cranial findings detected by second trimester ultrasound in fetuses with spina bifida: a systematic review

Cranial findings detected by second trimester ultrasound in fetuses with spina bifida: a systematic review Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. The registrant confirms that the information supplied for this submission is accurate and complete. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any associated files (...) . ">Data to be extracted: secondary outcome(s) Example: 1st author, year of publication, language, journal. ">Data to be extracted: other as well as a to meta-analysis of pre-clinical studies are available. Example: A meta‐analysis will be performed for all outcome measures reported in 10 or more articles. For subgroup analysis a minimum of 8 studies per subgroup is required. If meta‐analysis is not possible, data will be reported through a descriptive summary. ">Planned approach If a meta-analysis

2019 PROSPERO

105. Systematic narrative review of reviews to assess the comparative effectiveness and safety of manual therapy care for infants with 'colic', cranial asymmetry and congenital torticollis protocol

Systematic narrative review of reviews to assess the comparative effectiveness and safety of manual therapy care for infants with 'colic', cranial asymmetry and congenital torticollis protocol Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. The registrant confirms that the information supplied for this submission is accurate and complete. CRD bears (...) be recalculated from mg/dL); Renal histological damage as assessed by Jablonski scale; continuous; Jablonski score. ">Data to be extracted: secondary outcome(s) Example: 1st author, year of publication, language, journal. ">Data to be extracted: other as well as a to meta-analysis of pre-clinical studies are available. Example: A meta‐analysis will be performed for all outcome measures reported in 10 or more articles. For subgroup analysis a minimum of 8 studies per subgroup is required. If meta‐analysis

2019 PROSPERO

106. Large Posterior Communicating Artery Aneurysm: Initial Presentation with Reproducible Facial Pain Without Cranial Nerve Deficit (Full text)

Large Posterior Communicating Artery Aneurysm: Initial Presentation with Reproducible Facial Pain Without Cranial Nerve Deficit Unruptured posterior communicating artery (PCOM) aneurysms can be difficult to diagnose and, when large (≥ 7mm), represent a substantial risk to the patient. While most unruptured PCOM aneurysms are asymptomatic, when symptoms do occur, clinical manifestations typically include severe headache (HA), visual acuity loss, and cranial nerve deficit. This case report (...) describes an atypical initial presentation of a large unruptured PCOM aneurysm with symptoms mimicking trigeminal neuralgia, without other associated cranial nerve palsies or neurologic deficits. The patient returned to the emergency department four days later with a HA, trigeminal neuralgia, and a new cranial nerve III palsy. After appropriate imaging, she was found to have a large PCOM aneurysm, which was treated with surgical clipping with significant improvement in patient's symptoms.

2016 Western Journal of Emergency Medicine PubMed abstract

107. Carotid artery and lower cranial nerve exposure with increasing surgical complexity to the parapharyngeal space. (Abstract)

Carotid artery and lower cranial nerve exposure with increasing surgical complexity to the parapharyngeal space. To investigate the extent of carotid artery exposure attained, including the identification of the external carotid branches and lower cranial nerves in five sequential external approaches to the parapharyngeal space, and to provide an anatomical algorithm.Anatomical study.Six latex-injected adult cadaver heads were dissected in five consecutive approaches: transcervical approach (...) with submandibular gland removal, posterior extension of the transcervical approach, transcervical approach with parotidectomy, parotidectomy with lateral mandibulotomy, and parotidectomy with mandibulectomy. The degree of carotid artery exposure attained, external carotid branches, and lower cranial nerves visualized was documented.The transcervical approach exposed 1.5 cm (Standard Deviation (SD) 0.5) of internal carotid artery (ICA) and 1.25 cm (SD 0.25) of external carotid artery (ECA). The superior thyroid

2016 Laryngoscope

108. Comparison of probabilistic and deterministic fiber tracking of cranial nerves. (Full text)

toward significance in probabilistic tracking (p = 0.06). In the clinical cases, the probabilistic method visualized 7 of 10 attempted CNs accurately, compared with 3 correct depictions with deterministic tracking. CONCLUSIONS High angular resolution DTI scans are preferable for the DTI-based depiction of the cranial nerves. Probabilistic tracking with a gradual PICo threshold increase is more effective for this task than the previously described deterministic tracking with a gradual FA threshold (...) Comparison of probabilistic and deterministic fiber tracking of cranial nerves. OBJECTIVE The depiction of cranial nerves (CNs) using diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) is of great interest in skull base tumor surgery and DTI used with deterministic tracking methods has been reported previously. However, there are still no good methods usable for the elimination of noise from the resulting depictions. The authors have hypothesized that probabilistic tracking could lead to more accurate results

2016 Journal of Neurosurgery PubMed abstract

109. A frontal external ventricular drain causing a third cranial nerve palsy. (Abstract)

A frontal external ventricular drain causing a third cranial nerve palsy. This 47-year-old gentleman presented with acute hydrocephalus secondary to a colloid cyst. Bilateral external ventricular drains (EVDs) were inserted. The patient developed a third nerve palsy during post-operative period - cranial imaging demonstrated the tip of an EVD in this vicinity. The palsy recovered completely on slight withdrawal of the EVD.

2016 British Journal of Neurosurgery

110. Third Cranial Nerve Palsy in the Setting of Chikungunya Virus Infection. (Full text)

Third Cranial Nerve Palsy in the Setting of Chikungunya Virus Infection. We report the case of a 62-year-old patient who developed an acute painless isolated left third cranial nerve palsy sparing the pupil in the setting of an acute chikungunya infection. The patient had no significant medical history. Specifically, he had no vascular risk factors. Ocular involvement in chikungunya fever is uncommon. The potential virus- and infection-related mechanisms of this third cranial nerve palsy

2016 American Journal of Tropical Medicine & Hygiene PubMed abstract

111. Cerebrospinal fluid dissemination of anaplastic intraventricular meningioma: report of a case presenting with progressive brainstem dysfunction and multiple cranial nerve palsies. (Full text)

Cerebrospinal fluid dissemination of anaplastic intraventricular meningioma: report of a case presenting with progressive brainstem dysfunction and multiple cranial nerve palsies. It is extremely rare to see cerebrospinal fluid dissemination of intraventricular meningioma, particularly with the development of acute, progressive brainstem/cerebellar dysfunction with an absence of mass formation in the corresponding anatomical sites.An 81-year-old man was admitted because of double vision, right (...) facial nerve palsy and truncal ataxia. Brain magnetic resonance imaging showed normal findings except for a tumor mass in the left lateral ventricle, which had been noted over 6 months previously. The patient developed hiccups, hyperventilation, and drowsiness, which worsened progressively, and did not respond to corticosteroid or intraventricular immunoglobulin therapy. Cerebrospinal fluid study revealed a mild elevation of protein, and cytology was negative. The patient died and an autopsy

2016 BMC Neurology PubMed abstract

112. Cranial nerve injury is associated with dual antiplatelet therapy use and cervical hematoma after carotid endarterectomy. (Full text)

Cranial nerve injury is associated with dual antiplatelet therapy use and cervical hematoma after carotid endarterectomy. To determine predictors of cranial nerve injury (CNI) after carotid endarterectomy (CEA).Consecutive CEAs performed over a 5-year period were enrolled in this study. Outcomes analyzed included 30-day major adverse event rate (composite of stroke, death, and myocardial infarction), death, stroke, disabling stroke, myocardial infarction, cervical hematoma and CNI rate (...) ). CNI rate at discharge was 2.3% (n = 29). Two patients (9%) had more than one cranial nerve affected. The marginal mandibular branch of the facial nerve was most frequently involved (n = 16; 52%), followed by the hypoglossal (n = 9; 29%), the vagus (n = 4; 13%), and the spinal accessory nerve (n = 2; 6%). Horner's syndrome, consistent with an injury to the cervical sympathetic chain, occurred in 13 patients (1%) who had a true cranial nerve affected as well. The vast majority (94%) of these CNIs

2016 Journal of Vascular Surgery PubMed abstract

113. Perpetuation of errors in illustrations of cranial nerve anatomy. (Full text)

Perpetuation of errors in illustrations of cranial nerve anatomy. For more than 230 years, anatomical illustrations have faithfully reproduced the German medical student Thomas Soemmerring's cranial nerve (CN) arrangement. Virtually all contemporary atlases show the abducens, facial, and vestibulocochlear nerves (CNs VI-VIII) all emerging from the pontomedullary groove, as originally depicted by Soemmerring in 1778. Direct observation at microsurgery of the cerebellopontine angle reveals

2016 Journal of Neurosurgery PubMed abstract

114. Resolution of intractable retching following mobilization of a dolichoectatic vertebral artery: case report of a unique brainstem-cranial nerve compression syndrome. (Abstract)

Resolution of intractable retching following mobilization of a dolichoectatic vertebral artery: case report of a unique brainstem-cranial nerve compression syndrome. The authors present the case of a 53-year-old man who was referred with disabling retching provoked by left arm abduction. At the time of his initial evaluation, a cervical MRI study was available for review and revealed an anatomical variation of the ipsilateral juxtamedullary vertebrobasilar junction. After brain imaging revealed (...) contact of the medulla by a dolichoectatic vertebral artery at the dorsal root entry zone of the glossopharyngeal and vagus nerves, the patient was successfully treated by microvascular decompression of the brainstem and cranial nerves. This case demonstrates how a dolichoectatic vertebral artery-a common anatomical variation that typically has no clinical consequence-should be considered in cases of cranial nerve dysfunction.

2016 Journal of Neurosurgery

115. Sumatriptan improves postoperative quality of recovery and reduces postcraniotomy headache after cranial nerve decompression. (Full text)

Sumatriptan improves postoperative quality of recovery and reduces postcraniotomy headache after cranial nerve decompression. Microvascular decompression (MVD) is a surgical treatment for cranial nerve disorders via a small craniotomy. The postoperative pain of this procedure can be classified as surgical site somatic pain and postcraniotomy headache similar in nature to a migraine, including its association with photophobia, nausea, and vomiting. This headache can be difficult to treat and can

2016 British Journal of Anaesthesia Controlled trial quality: predicted high PubMed abstract

116. Cranial Nerves Tractography

Cranial Nerves Tractography Cranial Nerves Tractography - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting registration or results information. Search for terms x × Study Record Detail Saved Studies Save this study Warning You have reached the maximum number of saved studies (100). Please remove one or more studies before adding more. Cranial Nerves Tractography (CN Tracto) The safety and scientific validity of this study (...) Description Go to Brief Summary: Introduction: The skull base tumors surgery remains a challenge since numerous cranial nerves or vessels closely surround them. Recently, diffusion tensor imaging has developed with the tractography following white fibers and visualizing functional tracts. Cranial nerves tractography could allow predicting their displacement by skull base tumors that may help the surgeon to spare them along the surgery. Methods: Preoperative cerebral MRI was performed on patients who

2016 Clinical Trials

117. Idiopathic recurrent facial palsy: Facial nerve decompression via middle cranial fossa approach. (Abstract)

Idiopathic recurrent facial palsy: Facial nerve decompression via middle cranial fossa approach. To introduce our experience of preventing further episodes of idiopathic recurrent facial palsy by facial nerve decompression via middle cranial fossa approach.Twelve cases (surgery group) who had idiopathic recurrent facial palsy underwent facial nerve decompression via middle cranial fossa approach, and 6 cases (control group) who declined surgery accepted conservative treatment. Further episodes (...) decompression via middle cranial fossa approach was able to prevent further episodes of idiopathic recurrent facial palsy, and surgical decompression seemed to achieve better outcomes of facial nerve than conservative treatment.Copyright © 2016. Published by Elsevier Inc.

2016 American Journal of Otolaryngology

118. Reappearance of Cranial Nerve Dysfunction Symptoms Caused by New Artery Compression More than 20 Years after Initially Successful Microvascular Decompression: Report of Two Cases (Full text)

Reappearance of Cranial Nerve Dysfunction Symptoms Caused by New Artery Compression More than 20 Years after Initially Successful Microvascular Decompression: Report of Two Cases Reappearance of symptoms of cranial nerve dysfunction is not uncommon after successful microvascular decompression (MVD). The purpose of this study was to report two quite unusual cases of recurrent and newly developed hemifacial spasm (HFS) caused by a new conflicting artery more than 20 years after the first (...) successful surgery. In Case 1, the first MVD was performed for HFS caused by the posterior inferior cerebellar artery (PICA) when the patient was 38 years old. After 26 symptom-free years, HFS recurred on the same side of the face due to compression by the newly developed offending AICA. In Case 2, the patient was first operated on for trigeminal neuralgia by transposition of the AICA at 49 years old, but 20 symptom-free years after the first MVD, a new offending PICA compressed the facial nerve

2016 Neurologia medico-chirurgica PubMed abstract

119. Isolated Cranial Nerve-III Palsy Secondary to Perimesencephalic Subarachnoid Hemorrhage (Full text)

Isolated Cranial Nerve-III Palsy Secondary to Perimesencephalic Subarachnoid Hemorrhage We describe isolated cranial nerve-III palsy as a rare clinical finding in a patient with perimesencephalic subarachnoid hemorrhage. In this unusual case, the patient presented with complete cranial nerve-III palsy including ptosis and pupillary involvement. Initial studies revealed subarachnoid hemorrhage in the perimesencephalic, prepontine, and interpeduncular cisterns. Angiographic studies were negative (...) for an intracranial aneurysm. The patient's neurological deficits improved with no residual deficits on follow-up several months after initial presentation. Our case report supports the notion that patients with perimesencephalic subarachnoid hemorrhage have an excellent prognosis. Our report further adds a case of isolated cranial nerve-III palsy as a rare initial presentation of this type of bleeding, adding to the limited body of the literature.

2016 Case reports in neurological medicine PubMed abstract

120. Testing cranial nerve VII: It is all in the wording (Full text)

Testing cranial nerve VII: It is all in the wording During our practice of clinical neurological examination we frequently observed that patients, upon testing of cranial nerve VII, when instructed to "wrinkle their forehead" (to evaluate the innervation of the M. frontalis), seem to falsely "frown" (i.e. innervate the corrugator supercilii). Here, we set out to prospectively evaluate prevalence and characteristics of this phenomenon. Using a semi-structured questionnaire, we show

2016 eNeurologicalSci PubMed abstract

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