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Cranial Nerve 10

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81. Cranial Nerve 4

Cranial Nerve 4 Cranial Nerve 4 Toggle navigation Brain Head & Neck Chest Endocrine Abdomen Musculoskeletal Skin Infectious Disease Hematology & Oncology Cohorts Diagnostics Emergency Findings Procedures Prevention & Management Pharmacy Resuscitation Trauma Emergency Procedures Ultrasound Cardiovascular Emergencies Lung Emergencies Infectious Disease Pediatrics Neurologic Emergencies Skin Exposure Miscellaneous Abuse Cancer Administration 4 Cranial Nerve 4 Cranial Nerve 4 Aka: Cranial Nerve 4 (...) , Cranial Nerve IV , Trochlear Nerve , CN 4 , Trochlear Nucleus II. Physiology Innervates extraocular muscle: superior oblique muscle Superior oblique muscle passes via pulley (trochlea) Long thin nerve that is susceptible to compression (Cranial Nerve 4 and 6 are similar in this way) Paralysis (unilateral or bilateral) may occur even with generalized Contrast with the Thick cable-like nerve requiring significant compression for paralysis parasympathetic fibers are susceptible to injury as they lie

2018 FP Notebook

82. Cranial Nerve 3

Cranial Nerve 3 Cranial Nerve 3 Toggle navigation Brain Head & Neck Chest Endocrine Abdomen Musculoskeletal Skin Infectious Disease Hematology & Oncology Cohorts Diagnostics Emergency Findings Procedures Prevention & Management Pharmacy Resuscitation Trauma Emergency Procedures Ultrasound Cardiovascular Emergencies Lung Emergencies Infectious Disease Pediatrics Neurologic Emergencies Skin Exposure Miscellaneous Abuse Cancer Administration 4 Cranial Nerve 3 Cranial Nerve 3 Aka: Cranial Nerve 3 (...) , Cranial Nerve III , Oculomotor Nerve , CN 3 , Oculomotor Nucleus , Edinger-Westphal Nucleus II. Anatomy Lewis (1918) Gray's Anatomy 20th ed (in at or ) III. Physiology Parasympathetic fibers follow Cranial Nerve III Innervates the ciliary which in turn supplies sphincter pupillae and ciliaris muscles Parasympathetic impulses result in ( tion) compresses the third nerve Parasympathetic fibers are most susceptible to injury as they lie on the outside of CN III Parasympathetic fiber injury results

2018 FP Notebook

83. Cranial Nerve 2

Cranial Nerve 2 Cranial Nerve 2 Toggle navigation Brain Head & Neck Chest Endocrine Abdomen Musculoskeletal Skin Infectious Disease Hematology & Oncology Cohorts Diagnostics Emergency Findings Procedures Prevention & Management Pharmacy Resuscitation Trauma Emergency Procedures Ultrasound Cardiovascular Emergencies Lung Emergencies Infectious Disease Pediatrics Neurologic Emergencies Skin Exposure Miscellaneous Abuse Cancer Administration 4 Cranial Nerve 2 Cranial Nerve 2 Aka: Cranial Nerve 2 (...) , Cranial Nerve II , Optic Nerve , CN 2 II. Physiology Vision mediated via l innervation III. Anatomy IV. Course l fibers coalesce into the Optic Nerve Optic Nerves become s at the See Left (Comprises Right Visual field) Left Lateral and Right Medial Optic Nerves Right (Comprises Left Visual field) Right Lateral and Left Medial Optic Nerves V. Exam Visual Field Testing Screening: Confrontation Assessment: Perimetry VI. References Gilman (1989) Manter and Gatz Essentials of and Neurophysiology, Davis, p

2018 FP Notebook

84. Cranial Nerve 1

Cranial Nerve 1 Cranial Nerve 1 Toggle navigation Brain Head & Neck Chest Endocrine Abdomen Musculoskeletal Skin Infectious Disease Hematology & Oncology Cohorts Diagnostics Emergency Findings Procedures Prevention & Management Pharmacy Resuscitation Trauma Emergency Procedures Ultrasound Cardiovascular Emergencies Lung Emergencies Infectious Disease Pediatrics Neurologic Emergencies Skin Exposure Miscellaneous Abuse Cancer Administration 4 Cranial Nerve 1 Cranial Nerve 1 Aka: Cranial Nerve 1 (...) , Cranial Nerve I , Olfactory Nerve , CN 1 , Olfactory Bulb II. Anatomy Lewis (1918) Gray's Anatomy 20th ed (in at or ) Lewis (1918) Gray's Anatomy 20th ed (in at or ) Lewis (1918) Gray's Anatomy 20th ed (in at or ) Lewis (1918) Gray's Anatomy 20th ed (in at or ) III. Course Olfactory tract divides into roughly 20 branches Perforates cribriform plate of the IV. Physiology Innervates olfactory mucosa Upper third of the nasal septum Superior nasal concha V. Exam Precautions Ensure nasal patency Test one

2018 FP Notebook

85. Cranial Nerve

Cranial Nerve Cranial Nerve Toggle navigation Brain Head & Neck Chest Endocrine Abdomen Musculoskeletal Skin Infectious Disease Hematology & Oncology Cohorts Diagnostics Emergency Findings Procedures Prevention & Management Pharmacy Resuscitation Trauma Emergency Procedures Ultrasound Cardiovascular Emergencies Lung Emergencies Infectious Disease Pediatrics Neurologic Emergencies Skin Exposure Miscellaneous Abuse Cancer Administration 4 Cranial Nerve Cranial Nerve Aka: Cranial Nerve , Cranial (...) Nerve Anatomy II. Anatomy: General Cranial Nerves exit the at the anterior aspect (except ) Cranial Nerves do not cross the midline (except ) III. Anatomy: Cranial Nerves by Location Diencephalon nucleii : (sensory, smell) : (sensory, eye) nucleii : (motor, eye) : (motor, eye) nucleii ( nucleus extends into , and nucleii extend into ) : (mixed, face) : (motor, eye) : (mixed, face) : (sensory, ear) nucleii ( origin is in the spinal cord) : (mixed, mouth) : (mixed, mouth/autonomic) : (motor, neck/ s

2018 FP Notebook

86. Cranial Nerve 12 Paralysis

Cranial Nerve 12 Paralysis Cranial Nerve 12 Paralysis Toggle navigation Brain Head & Neck Chest Endocrine Abdomen Musculoskeletal Skin Infectious Disease Hematology & Oncology Cohorts Diagnostics Emergency Findings Procedures Prevention & Management Pharmacy Resuscitation Trauma Emergency Procedures Ultrasound Cardiovascular Emergencies Lung Emergencies Infectious Disease Pediatrics Neurologic Emergencies Skin Exposure Miscellaneous Abuse Cancer Administration 4 Cranial Nerve 12 Paralysis (...) Cranial Nerve 12 Paralysis Aka: Cranial Nerve 12 Paralysis , 12th Cranial Nerve Paralysis , Hypoglossal Nerve Paralysis , Tongue Paralysis From Related Chapters II. Signs Atrophy, fasciculations of involved half Deviation toward paralyzed side when protruded III. Differential presents with palpable mass No palpable mass in Hypoglossal Nerve Paralysis Images: Related links to external sites (from Bing) These images are a random sampling from a Bing search on the term "Cranial Nerve 12 Paralysis." Click

2018 FP Notebook

87. Clinical applications for diffusion MRI and tractography of cranial nerves within the posterior fossa: a systematic review

Clinical applications for diffusion MRI and tractography of cranial nerves within the posterior fossa: a systematic review Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any associated files or external websites. Email salutation (e.g. "Dr Smith" or "Joanne") for correspondence (...) , language, journal. ">Data to be extracted: other as well as a to meta-analysis of pre-clinical studies are available. Example: A meta‐analysis will be performed for all outcome measures reported in 10 or more articles. For subgroup analysis a minimum of 8 studies per subgroup is required. If meta‐analysis is not possible, data will be reported through a descriptive summary. ">Planned approach Example: number of metastases: standardized mean difference; incidence of metastasis: risk ratio. ">Effect

2018 PROSPERO

88. Anatomical and surgical factors associated with cranial nerves injuries in le fort i osteotomy: a systematic review

Anatomical and surgical factors associated with cranial nerves injuries in le fort i osteotomy: a systematic review Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any associated files or external websites. Email salutation (e.g. "Dr Smith" or "Joanne") for correspondence (...) , language, journal. ">Data to be extracted: other as well as a to meta-analysis of pre-clinical studies are available. Example: A meta‐analysis will be performed for all outcome measures reported in 10 or more articles. For subgroup analysis a minimum of 8 studies per subgroup is required. If meta‐analysis is not possible, data will be reported through a descriptive summary. ">Planned approach Example: number of metastases: standardized mean difference; incidence of metastasis: risk ratio. ">Effect

2018 PROSPERO

89. A cluster of acute flaccid paralysis and cranial nerve dysfunction temporally associated with an outbreak of enterovirus D68 in children in Colorado, USA. (Abstract)

31, 2014).12 children met the case definition (median age 11·5 years [IQR 6·75-15]). All had a prodromal febrile illness preceding neurological symptoms by a median of 7 days (IQR 5·75-8). Neurological deficits included flaccid limb weakness (n=10; asymmetric n=7), bulbar weakness (n=6), and cranial nerve VI (n=3) and VII (n=2) dysfunction. Ten (83%) children had confluent, longitudinally extensive spinal-cord lesions of the central grey matter, with predominant anterior horn-cell involvement (...) A cluster of acute flaccid paralysis and cranial nerve dysfunction temporally associated with an outbreak of enterovirus D68 in children in Colorado, USA. Clusters of acute flaccid paralysis or cranial nerve dysfunction in children are uncommon. We aimed to assess a cluster of children with acute flaccid paralysis and cranial nerve dysfunction geographically and temporally associated with an outbreak of enterovirus-D68 respiratory disease.We defined a case of neurological disease as any child

2015 Lancet

90. Cranial and Cervical Muscular Weakness in Mitochondrial Myopathy Is Associated With Resolution of Migraine Headaches: Further Evidence That Muscular Compression of Cranial and Peripheral Nerves Is a Cause of Headache in a Subset of Patients With Migraine Full Text available with Trip Pro

Cranial and Cervical Muscular Weakness in Mitochondrial Myopathy Is Associated With Resolution of Migraine Headaches: Further Evidence That Muscular Compression of Cranial and Peripheral Nerves Is a Cause of Headache in a Subset of Patients With Migraine A significant subset of patients with migraine headaches has pain relief after neuroplasty/muscular decompression of select cranial and cervical nerves. In the majority of cases, compression occurs secondary to compression of the nerves (...) can result in persistent resolution of migraine headache pain, giving further evidence to the concept that peripheral and/or cranial nerve compression causes migraine headache pain in a subset of patients with a diagnosis of migraine.

2015 Eplasty

91. Malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumors of the eighth cranial nerve arising without prior irradiation. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumors of the eighth cranial nerve arising without prior irradiation. OBJECTIVE Malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumors (MPNSTs) of the eighth cranial nerve (CN) are exceedingly rare. To date the literature has focused on MPNSTs occurring after radiation therapy for presumed benign vestibular schwannomas (VSs), while MPNSTs arising without prior irradiation have received little attention. The objectives of the current study are to characterize the epidemiology

2016 Journal of Neurosurgery

92. Post-traumatic Unilateral Avulsion of the Abducens Nerve with Damage to Cranial Nerves VII and VIII: Case Report Full Text available with Trip Pro

Post-traumatic Unilateral Avulsion of the Abducens Nerve with Damage to Cranial Nerves VII and VIII: Case Report Traumatic injuries of the abducens nerve as a consequence of facial and/or head trauma occur with or without associated cervical or skull base fracture. This is the first report on unilateral avulsion of the abducens nerve in a 29-year-old man with severe right facial trauma. In addition, he exhibited mild left facial palsy, and moderate left hearing disturbance. Magnetic resonance (...) imaging (MRI) using fast imaging employing steady-state acquisition (FIESTA) revealed avulsion of left sixth cranial nerve. We recommend thin-slice MR examination in patients with abducens palsy after severe facial and/or head trauma.

2016 NMC Case Report Journal

93. The Grand Challenge in Cranial Pain—From Migraine to Cranial Neuralgias: Understanding Differences and Similarities to Advance Knowledge and Management Full Text available with Trip Pro

The Grand Challenge in Cranial Pain—From Migraine to Cranial Neuralgias: Understanding Differences and Similarities to Advance Knowledge and Management 28203221 2018 11 13 1664-2295 8 2017 Frontiers in neurology Front Neurol The Grand Challenge in Cranial Pain-From Migraine to Cranial Neuralgias: Understanding Differences and Similarities to Advance Knowledge and Management. 19 10.3389/fneur.2017.00019 Tassorelli Cristina C Headache Science Centre, C. Mondino National Neurological Institute (...) , Pavia, Italy; Department of Brain and Behavioral Sciences, University of Pavia, Pavia, Italy. eng Editorial 2017 02 01 Switzerland Front Neurol 101546899 1664-2295 challenges cranial neuralgias headache migraine primary headache 2017 01 03 2017 01 12 2017 2 17 6 0 2017 2 17 6 0 2017 2 17 6 1 epublish 28203221 10.3389/fneur.2017.00019 PMC5285342 Neuroscience. 2016 Dec 3;338:36-62 27143481 Br J Anaesth. 2013 Jul;111(1):52-8 23794645 J Neurosci. 2015 Apr 29;35(17):6619-29 25926442 Neurology. 2016 Jul

2017 Frontiers in neurology

94. Prophylactic cranial irradiation or no prophylactic cranial irradiation in metastatic small cell lung cancer: is it a relevant question once again? Full Text available with Trip Pro

Prophylactic cranial irradiation or no prophylactic cranial irradiation in metastatic small cell lung cancer: is it a relevant question once again? 29268458 2018 11 13 2072-1439 9 11 2017 Nov Journal of thoracic disease J Thorac Dis Prophylactic cranial irradiation or no prophylactic cranial irradiation in metastatic small cell lung cancer: is it a relevant question once again? 4157-4161 10.21037/jtd.2017.10.10 Le Pechoux Cecile C Department of Radiation Oncology, Gustave Roussy Cancer Campus (...) 23597420 Lancet Oncol. 2016 Jul;17 (7):e277-e293 27396646 J Natl Cancer Inst. 1995 May 17;87(10):766; author reply 767 7563156 Clin Oncol (R Coll Radiol). 2016 Nov;28(11):712-719 27522475 J Natl Cancer Inst. 1995 Feb 1;87(3):183-90 7707405

2017 Journal of thoracic disease

95. Treatment of Lateral Skull Base and Posterior Cranial Fossa Lesions Utilizing the Extended Middle Cranial Fossa Approach. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Treatment of Lateral Skull Base and Posterior Cranial Fossa Lesions Utilizing the Extended Middle Cranial Fossa Approach. Define the indications and outcomes for subjects undergoing treatment utilizing the extended middle cranial fossa approach (EMCF).Retrospective records review.University-based tertiary referral center.Subjects undergoing treatment of posterior cranial fossa (PCF) lesions.EMCF exposure and treatment of the indicating PCF lesion.Demographic, audiometric, and cranial nerve (...) functioning variables were assessed.Thirty-five subjects who underwent an EMCF exposure were identified over a 12-year period. The most common indication was meningioma (18; 51%) followed by schwannomas (six, 17%), and vascular lesions (five, 14%). Preoperative cranial nerve complaints were common (32, 94%) as were objective cranial nerve abnormalities on physical examination (21; 60%). Preoperative audiometric data from subjects with hearing demonstrated good functioning including pure-tone average (PTA

2017 Otology and Neurotology

96. Benefits and Harms of Cranial Electrical Stimulation for Chronic Painful Conditions, Depression, Anxiety, and Insomnia: A Systematic Review. (Abstract)

Benefits and Harms of Cranial Electrical Stimulation for Chronic Painful Conditions, Depression, Anxiety, and Insomnia: A Systematic Review. Cranial electrical stimulation (CES) is increasingly popular as a treatment, yet its clinical benefit is unclear.To review evidence about the benefits and harms of CES for adult patients with chronic painful conditions, depression, anxiety, and insomnia.Several databases from inception to 10 October 2017 without language restrictions and references from

2018 Annals of Internal Medicine

97. The role of biomarkers in ruling out cerebral lesions in mild cranial trauma

The role of biomarkers in ruling out cerebral lesions in mild cranial trauma The role of biomarkers in ruling out cerebral lesions in mild cranial trauma The role of biomarkers in ruling out cerebral lesions in mild cranial trauma San Miguel L, Benahmed N, Devos C, Fairon N, Roberfroid D Record Status This is a bibliographic record of a published health technology assessment from a member of INAHTA. No evaluation of the quality of this assessment has been made for the HTA database. Citation San (...) Miguel L, Benahmed N, Devos C, Fairon N, Roberfroid D. The role of biomarkers in ruling out cerebral lesions in mild cranial trauma. Brussels: Belgian Health Care Knowledge Centre (KCE). KCE Reports. 2016 Final publication URL Indexing Status Subject indexing assigned by CRD MeSH Biomarkers; Cerebral Hemorrhage, Traumatic; Humans Language Published English Country of organisation Belgium English summary An English language summary is available. Address for correspondence Belgian Health Care Knowledge

2016 Health Technology Assessment (HTA) Database.

98. The role of biomarkers in ruling out cerebral lesions in mild cranial trauma

will all have an important weight on the overall economic value of the protein S100B and should be carefully considered if wanting to ensure some savings will be realised with the introduction of the protein in clinical practice. KCE Report 261Cs Biomarkers in Mild Cranial Trauma 10 Appropriate patient targeting and use of biomarker tests has proved to be a challenge in other fields. This was for example the case of troponin, a biomarker used to evaluate patients suspected of suffering from acute (...) : • Further research on the effectiveness of S100B testing at ruling out ICI in children is required. Setting up an effectiveness study to assess how the protein is used in real life in Belgium would be of value. KCE Report 261Cs Biomarkers in Mild Cranial Trauma 12 REFERENCES 1. Peeters W, van den Brande R, Polinder S, Brazinova A, Steyerberg EW, Lingsma HF, et al. Epidemiology of traumatic brain injury in Europe. Acta Neurochir (Wien). 2015;157(10):1683-96. 2. Albers CE, von Allmen M, Evangelopoulos DS

2016 Belgian Health Care Knowledge Centre

99. Nasal cause of sixth cranial nerve palsy Full Text available with Trip Pro

Nasal cause of sixth cranial nerve palsy 25893063 2015 04 20 2018 11 13 1985-207X 8 3 2013 Malaysian family physician : the official journal of the Academy of Family Physicians of Malaysia Malays Fam Physician Nasal cause of sixth cranial nerve palsy. 54 Mohamad I I Department of otorhinolaryngology-Head & Neck Surgery, School of Medical sciences, Universiti sains Malaysia Health Campus. eng Journal Article 2013 12 31 Malaysia Malays Fam Physician 101466855 1985-2274 2015 4 21 6 0 2013 1 1 0 0

2013 Malaysian family physician : the official journal of the Academy of Family Physicians of Malaysia

100. Mapping genetic variants for cranial vault shape in humans. Full Text available with Trip Pro

[MCW], maximum cranial length [MCL], and cephalic index [CI]) in a sample of 4419 healthy individuals of European ancestry. All measures were adjusted by sex, age, and body size, then tested for association with genetic variants spanning the genome. GWAS results for the two cohorts were combined via meta-analysis. Significant associations were observed at two loci: 15p11.2 (lead SNP rs2924767, p = 2.107 × 10-8) for MCW and 17q11.2 (lead SNP rs72841279, p = 5.29 × 10-9) for MCL. Additionally, 32 (...) Mapping genetic variants for cranial vault shape in humans. The shape of the cranial vault, a region comprising interlocking flat bones surrounding the cerebral cortex, varies considerably in humans. Strongly influenced by brain size and shape, cranial vault morphology has both clinical and evolutionary relevance. However, little is known about the genetic basis of normal vault shape in humans. We performed a genome-wide association study (GWAS) on three vault measures (maximum cranial width

2018 PLoS ONE

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