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Cranial Nerve 10

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81. Cranial Nerve 5

Cranial Nerve 5 Cranial Nerve 5 Toggle navigation Brain Head & Neck Chest Endocrine Abdomen Musculoskeletal Skin Infectious Disease Hematology & Oncology Cohorts Diagnostics Emergency Findings Procedures Prevention & Management Pharmacy Resuscitation Trauma Emergency Procedures Ultrasound Cardiovascular Emergencies Lung Emergencies Infectious Disease Pediatrics Neurologic Emergencies Skin Exposure Miscellaneous Abuse Cancer Administration 4 Cranial Nerve 5 Cranial Nerve 5 Aka: Cranial Nerve 5 (...) , Cranial Nerve V , Trigeminal Nerve , CN 5 , Trigeminal Lemniscus II. Anatomy Trigeminal Nerve Lewis (1918) Gray's Anatomy 20th ed (in at or ) Alveolar Nerve (V3) Lewis (1918) Gray's Anatomy 20th ed (in at or ) III. Physiology: General Largest Sensory root innervates head and face innervates mastication muscles s cross the midline in the (at the level of the motor or sensory nucleii) Cortical or thalamic CVA involving the trigeminal signals Affects the contralateral face CVA involving the trigeminal

2018 FP Notebook

82. Cranial Nerve 4

Cranial Nerve 4 Cranial Nerve 4 Toggle navigation Brain Head & Neck Chest Endocrine Abdomen Musculoskeletal Skin Infectious Disease Hematology & Oncology Cohorts Diagnostics Emergency Findings Procedures Prevention & Management Pharmacy Resuscitation Trauma Emergency Procedures Ultrasound Cardiovascular Emergencies Lung Emergencies Infectious Disease Pediatrics Neurologic Emergencies Skin Exposure Miscellaneous Abuse Cancer Administration 4 Cranial Nerve 4 Cranial Nerve 4 Aka: Cranial Nerve 4 (...) , Cranial Nerve IV , Trochlear Nerve , CN 4 , Trochlear Nucleus II. Physiology Innervates extraocular muscle: superior oblique muscle Superior oblique muscle passes via pulley (trochlea) Long thin nerve that is susceptible to compression (Cranial Nerve 4 and 6 are similar in this way) Paralysis (unilateral or bilateral) may occur even with generalized Contrast with the Thick cable-like nerve requiring significant compression for paralysis parasympathetic fibers are susceptible to injury as they lie

2018 FP Notebook

83. Cranial Nerve 3

Cranial Nerve 3 Cranial Nerve 3 Toggle navigation Brain Head & Neck Chest Endocrine Abdomen Musculoskeletal Skin Infectious Disease Hematology & Oncology Cohorts Diagnostics Emergency Findings Procedures Prevention & Management Pharmacy Resuscitation Trauma Emergency Procedures Ultrasound Cardiovascular Emergencies Lung Emergencies Infectious Disease Pediatrics Neurologic Emergencies Skin Exposure Miscellaneous Abuse Cancer Administration 4 Cranial Nerve 3 Cranial Nerve 3 Aka: Cranial Nerve 3 (...) , Cranial Nerve III , Oculomotor Nerve , CN 3 , Oculomotor Nucleus , Edinger-Westphal Nucleus II. Anatomy Lewis (1918) Gray's Anatomy 20th ed (in at or ) III. Physiology Parasympathetic fibers follow Cranial Nerve III Innervates the ciliary which in turn supplies sphincter pupillae and ciliaris muscles Parasympathetic impulses result in ( tion) compresses the third nerve Parasympathetic fibers are most susceptible to injury as they lie on the outside of CN III Parasympathetic fiber injury results

2018 FP Notebook

84. Cranial Nerve 2

Cranial Nerve 2 Cranial Nerve 2 Toggle navigation Brain Head & Neck Chest Endocrine Abdomen Musculoskeletal Skin Infectious Disease Hematology & Oncology Cohorts Diagnostics Emergency Findings Procedures Prevention & Management Pharmacy Resuscitation Trauma Emergency Procedures Ultrasound Cardiovascular Emergencies Lung Emergencies Infectious Disease Pediatrics Neurologic Emergencies Skin Exposure Miscellaneous Abuse Cancer Administration 4 Cranial Nerve 2 Cranial Nerve 2 Aka: Cranial Nerve 2 (...) , Cranial Nerve II , Optic Nerve , CN 2 II. Physiology Vision mediated via l innervation III. Anatomy IV. Course l fibers coalesce into the Optic Nerve Optic Nerves become s at the See Left (Comprises Right Visual field) Left Lateral and Right Medial Optic Nerves Right (Comprises Left Visual field) Right Lateral and Left Medial Optic Nerves V. Exam Visual Field Testing Screening: Confrontation Assessment: Perimetry VI. References Gilman (1989) Manter and Gatz Essentials of and Neurophysiology, Davis, p

2018 FP Notebook

85. Cranial Nerve 1

Cranial Nerve 1 Cranial Nerve 1 Toggle navigation Brain Head & Neck Chest Endocrine Abdomen Musculoskeletal Skin Infectious Disease Hematology & Oncology Cohorts Diagnostics Emergency Findings Procedures Prevention & Management Pharmacy Resuscitation Trauma Emergency Procedures Ultrasound Cardiovascular Emergencies Lung Emergencies Infectious Disease Pediatrics Neurologic Emergencies Skin Exposure Miscellaneous Abuse Cancer Administration 4 Cranial Nerve 1 Cranial Nerve 1 Aka: Cranial Nerve 1 (...) , Cranial Nerve I , Olfactory Nerve , CN 1 , Olfactory Bulb II. Anatomy Lewis (1918) Gray's Anatomy 20th ed (in at or ) Lewis (1918) Gray's Anatomy 20th ed (in at or ) Lewis (1918) Gray's Anatomy 20th ed (in at or ) Lewis (1918) Gray's Anatomy 20th ed (in at or ) III. Course Olfactory tract divides into roughly 20 branches Perforates cribriform plate of the IV. Physiology Innervates olfactory mucosa Upper third of the nasal septum Superior nasal concha V. Exam Precautions Ensure nasal patency Test one

2018 FP Notebook

86. Cranial Nerve

Cranial Nerve Cranial Nerve Toggle navigation Brain Head & Neck Chest Endocrine Abdomen Musculoskeletal Skin Infectious Disease Hematology & Oncology Cohorts Diagnostics Emergency Findings Procedures Prevention & Management Pharmacy Resuscitation Trauma Emergency Procedures Ultrasound Cardiovascular Emergencies Lung Emergencies Infectious Disease Pediatrics Neurologic Emergencies Skin Exposure Miscellaneous Abuse Cancer Administration 4 Cranial Nerve Cranial Nerve Aka: Cranial Nerve , Cranial (...) Nerve Anatomy II. Anatomy: General Cranial Nerves exit the at the anterior aspect (except ) Cranial Nerves do not cross the midline (except ) III. Anatomy: Cranial Nerves by Location Diencephalon nucleii : (sensory, smell) : (sensory, eye) nucleii : (motor, eye) : (motor, eye) nucleii ( nucleus extends into , and nucleii extend into ) : (mixed, face) : (motor, eye) : (mixed, face) : (sensory, ear) nucleii ( origin is in the spinal cord) : (mixed, mouth) : (mixed, mouth/autonomic) : (motor, neck/ s

2018 FP Notebook

87. Cranial Nerve 12 Paralysis

Cranial Nerve 12 Paralysis Cranial Nerve 12 Paralysis Toggle navigation Brain Head & Neck Chest Endocrine Abdomen Musculoskeletal Skin Infectious Disease Hematology & Oncology Cohorts Diagnostics Emergency Findings Procedures Prevention & Management Pharmacy Resuscitation Trauma Emergency Procedures Ultrasound Cardiovascular Emergencies Lung Emergencies Infectious Disease Pediatrics Neurologic Emergencies Skin Exposure Miscellaneous Abuse Cancer Administration 4 Cranial Nerve 12 Paralysis (...) Cranial Nerve 12 Paralysis Aka: Cranial Nerve 12 Paralysis , 12th Cranial Nerve Paralysis , Hypoglossal Nerve Paralysis , Tongue Paralysis From Related Chapters II. Signs Atrophy, fasciculations of involved half Deviation toward paralyzed side when protruded III. Differential presents with palpable mass No palpable mass in Hypoglossal Nerve Paralysis Images: Related links to external sites (from Bing) These images are a random sampling from a Bing search on the term "Cranial Nerve 12 Paralysis." Click

2018 FP Notebook

88. Clinical applications for diffusion MRI and tractography of cranial nerves within the posterior fossa: a systematic review

Clinical applications for diffusion MRI and tractography of cranial nerves within the posterior fossa: a systematic review Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any associated files or external websites. Email salutation (e.g. "Dr Smith" or "Joanne") for correspondence (...) , language, journal. ">Data to be extracted: other as well as a to meta-analysis of pre-clinical studies are available. Example: A meta‐analysis will be performed for all outcome measures reported in 10 or more articles. For subgroup analysis a minimum of 8 studies per subgroup is required. If meta‐analysis is not possible, data will be reported through a descriptive summary. ">Planned approach Example: number of metastases: standardized mean difference; incidence of metastasis: risk ratio. ">Effect

2018 PROSPERO

89. Anatomical and surgical factors associated with cranial nerves injuries in le fort i osteotomy: a systematic review

Anatomical and surgical factors associated with cranial nerves injuries in le fort i osteotomy: a systematic review Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any associated files or external websites. Email salutation (e.g. "Dr Smith" or "Joanne") for correspondence (...) , language, journal. ">Data to be extracted: other as well as a to meta-analysis of pre-clinical studies are available. Example: A meta‐analysis will be performed for all outcome measures reported in 10 or more articles. For subgroup analysis a minimum of 8 studies per subgroup is required. If meta‐analysis is not possible, data will be reported through a descriptive summary. ">Planned approach Example: number of metastases: standardized mean difference; incidence of metastasis: risk ratio. ">Effect

2018 PROSPERO

90. A cluster of acute flaccid paralysis and cranial nerve dysfunction temporally associated with an outbreak of enterovirus D68 in children in Colorado, USA. (Abstract)

31, 2014).12 children met the case definition (median age 11·5 years [IQR 6·75-15]). All had a prodromal febrile illness preceding neurological symptoms by a median of 7 days (IQR 5·75-8). Neurological deficits included flaccid limb weakness (n=10; asymmetric n=7), bulbar weakness (n=6), and cranial nerve VI (n=3) and VII (n=2) dysfunction. Ten (83%) children had confluent, longitudinally extensive spinal-cord lesions of the central grey matter, with predominant anterior horn-cell involvement (...) A cluster of acute flaccid paralysis and cranial nerve dysfunction temporally associated with an outbreak of enterovirus D68 in children in Colorado, USA. Clusters of acute flaccid paralysis or cranial nerve dysfunction in children are uncommon. We aimed to assess a cluster of children with acute flaccid paralysis and cranial nerve dysfunction geographically and temporally associated with an outbreak of enterovirus-D68 respiratory disease.We defined a case of neurological disease as any child

2015 Lancet

91. Cranial and Cervical Muscular Weakness in Mitochondrial Myopathy Is Associated With Resolution of Migraine Headaches: Further Evidence That Muscular Compression of Cranial and Peripheral Nerves Is a Cause of Headache in a Subset of Patients With Migraine Full Text available with Trip Pro

Cranial and Cervical Muscular Weakness in Mitochondrial Myopathy Is Associated With Resolution of Migraine Headaches: Further Evidence That Muscular Compression of Cranial and Peripheral Nerves Is a Cause of Headache in a Subset of Patients With Migraine A significant subset of patients with migraine headaches has pain relief after neuroplasty/muscular decompression of select cranial and cervical nerves. In the majority of cases, compression occurs secondary to compression of the nerves (...) can result in persistent resolution of migraine headache pain, giving further evidence to the concept that peripheral and/or cranial nerve compression causes migraine headache pain in a subset of patients with a diagnosis of migraine.

2015 Eplasty

92. Malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumors of the eighth cranial nerve arising without prior irradiation. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumors of the eighth cranial nerve arising without prior irradiation. OBJECTIVE Malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumors (MPNSTs) of the eighth cranial nerve (CN) are exceedingly rare. To date the literature has focused on MPNSTs occurring after radiation therapy for presumed benign vestibular schwannomas (VSs), while MPNSTs arising without prior irradiation have received little attention. The objectives of the current study are to characterize the epidemiology

2016 Journal of Neurosurgery

93. Post-traumatic Unilateral Avulsion of the Abducens Nerve with Damage to Cranial Nerves VII and VIII: Case Report Full Text available with Trip Pro

Post-traumatic Unilateral Avulsion of the Abducens Nerve with Damage to Cranial Nerves VII and VIII: Case Report Traumatic injuries of the abducens nerve as a consequence of facial and/or head trauma occur with or without associated cervical or skull base fracture. This is the first report on unilateral avulsion of the abducens nerve in a 29-year-old man with severe right facial trauma. In addition, he exhibited mild left facial palsy, and moderate left hearing disturbance. Magnetic resonance (...) imaging (MRI) using fast imaging employing steady-state acquisition (FIESTA) revealed avulsion of left sixth cranial nerve. We recommend thin-slice MR examination in patients with abducens palsy after severe facial and/or head trauma.

2016 NMC Case Report Journal

94. The Grand Challenge in Cranial Pain—From Migraine to Cranial Neuralgias: Understanding Differences and Similarities to Advance Knowledge and Management Full Text available with Trip Pro

The Grand Challenge in Cranial Pain—From Migraine to Cranial Neuralgias: Understanding Differences and Similarities to Advance Knowledge and Management 28203221 2018 11 13 1664-2295 8 2017 Frontiers in neurology Front Neurol The Grand Challenge in Cranial Pain-From Migraine to Cranial Neuralgias: Understanding Differences and Similarities to Advance Knowledge and Management. 19 10.3389/fneur.2017.00019 Tassorelli Cristina C Headache Science Centre, C. Mondino National Neurological Institute (...) , Pavia, Italy; Department of Brain and Behavioral Sciences, University of Pavia, Pavia, Italy. eng Editorial 2017 02 01 Switzerland Front Neurol 101546899 1664-2295 challenges cranial neuralgias headache migraine primary headache 2017 01 03 2017 01 12 2017 2 17 6 0 2017 2 17 6 0 2017 2 17 6 1 epublish 28203221 10.3389/fneur.2017.00019 PMC5285342 Neuroscience. 2016 Dec 3;338:36-62 27143481 Br J Anaesth. 2013 Jul;111(1):52-8 23794645 J Neurosci. 2015 Apr 29;35(17):6619-29 25926442 Neurology. 2016 Jul

2017 Frontiers in neurology

95. Prophylactic cranial irradiation or no prophylactic cranial irradiation in metastatic small cell lung cancer: is it a relevant question once again? Full Text available with Trip Pro

Prophylactic cranial irradiation or no prophylactic cranial irradiation in metastatic small cell lung cancer: is it a relevant question once again? 29268458 2018 11 13 2072-1439 9 11 2017 Nov Journal of thoracic disease J Thorac Dis Prophylactic cranial irradiation or no prophylactic cranial irradiation in metastatic small cell lung cancer: is it a relevant question once again? 4157-4161 10.21037/jtd.2017.10.10 Le Pechoux Cecile C Department of Radiation Oncology, Gustave Roussy Cancer Campus (...) 23597420 Lancet Oncol. 2016 Jul;17 (7):e277-e293 27396646 J Natl Cancer Inst. 1995 May 17;87(10):766; author reply 767 7563156 Clin Oncol (R Coll Radiol). 2016 Nov;28(11):712-719 27522475 J Natl Cancer Inst. 1995 Feb 1;87(3):183-90 7707405

2017 Journal of thoracic disease

96. Treatment of Lateral Skull Base and Posterior Cranial Fossa Lesions Utilizing the Extended Middle Cranial Fossa Approach. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Treatment of Lateral Skull Base and Posterior Cranial Fossa Lesions Utilizing the Extended Middle Cranial Fossa Approach. Define the indications and outcomes for subjects undergoing treatment utilizing the extended middle cranial fossa approach (EMCF).Retrospective records review.University-based tertiary referral center.Subjects undergoing treatment of posterior cranial fossa (PCF) lesions.EMCF exposure and treatment of the indicating PCF lesion.Demographic, audiometric, and cranial nerve (...) functioning variables were assessed.Thirty-five subjects who underwent an EMCF exposure were identified over a 12-year period. The most common indication was meningioma (18; 51%) followed by schwannomas (six, 17%), and vascular lesions (five, 14%). Preoperative cranial nerve complaints were common (32, 94%) as were objective cranial nerve abnormalities on physical examination (21; 60%). Preoperative audiometric data from subjects with hearing demonstrated good functioning including pure-tone average (PTA

2017 Otology and Neurotology

97. Cranial falling bullet injuries, a series of 30 cases in Iraq. (Abstract)

Cranial falling bullet injuries, a series of 30 cases in Iraq. Purpose: The purpose of this study is to highlight the importance of cranial falling bullet injuries and raise awareness about them. We studied the clinical and radiological findings, and their relation to the treatment and outcome. There are limited studies in this field.Materials and methods: Thirty patients, (aged 8-55 years) with cranial falling bullet injury were included in this study. They were followed during (...) their hospitalization and up to 6 months thereafter. Post-resuscitation clinical findings, unenhanced brain CT scan findings, treatment and outcome (Glasgow Outcome Scale) were studied.Results: Male to female ratio was (1.73:1). Median age of all patients was: 17.5 years. 20(66.7%) patients had a GCS of 13-15, 3(10%) had 9-12, 2(6.7%) had 6-8, and 5(16.6%) had 3-5 at presentation. 23(76.7%) patients had normal pupillary reaction and symmetry whereas 7(23.3%) had poor reaction and/or asymmetry. On CT scan, 13 had

2020 British Journal of Neurosurgery

98. Middle Cranial Fossa Approach to Vestibular Schwannoma Resection in the Older Patient Population. (Abstract)

Middle Cranial Fossa Approach to Vestibular Schwannoma Resection in the Older Patient Population. Compare outcomes of middle cranial fossa approach (MCF) to vestibular schwannoma (VS) resection in patients 60 years of age and older to patients under 60.Retrospective case series.Tertiary referral center.Charts of 216 consecutive VS patients over 18 years of age were reviewed to identify 67 patients who underwent MCF approach to VS resection between 2006 and 2017.Age at time of surgery.Measured (...) outcomes included postoperative hearing results, facial nerve function, length of hospital stay, wound complications, cerebrospinal fluid leak, myocardial infarction, cerebrovascular accident, seizure, deep vein thrombosis, 30-day readmission, and return to operating room.Sixty-seven patients underwent VS resection via MCF approach including 16 patients > = 60 years (mean 64.4 SD 3.3) and 51 patients < 60 years (mean 45.7 SD 10.2). Between these two groups, there were no differences in sex, tumor

2020 Otology and Neurotology

99. The Anterolateral Triangle: Implications for a Transnasal Prelacrimal Approach to the Floor of the Middle Cranial Fossa. (Abstract)

the middle meningeal artery, greater superficial petrosal nerve, superior petrous sinus, and arcuate eminence. Average distances from foramen ovale to the anterior, posterior, and lateral exposed borders were 22.86 ± 1.87 mm, 27.24 ± 0.94 mm, and 24.23 ± 1.61 mm, respectively. The average area of exposed MCF window was 554.12 ± 60.22 mm2. Preservation of vidian nerve, greater palatine nerve, lateral nasal wall, and nasolacrimal duct was possible in all 10 sides.It is feasible to access the floor of MCF (...) The Anterolateral Triangle: Implications for a Transnasal Prelacrimal Approach to the Floor of the Middle Cranial Fossa. The anterolateral triangle enclosed by the foramen rotundum and foramen ovale constitutes part of the floor of the middle cranial fossa (MCF).To assess the feasibility of a transnasal prelacrimal approach for accessing the floor of MCF via an anterolateral triangle corridor and to determine the extent of maximal exposure while safeguarding neurovascular structures.A

2020 American journal of rhinology & allergy

100. Bone Tissue Engineering in the Growing Calvaria Using Dipyridamole-Coated, Three-Dimensionally-Printed Bioceramic Scaffolds: Construct Optimization and Effects on Cranial Suture Patency. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Bone Tissue Engineering in the Growing Calvaria Using Dipyridamole-Coated, Three-Dimensionally-Printed Bioceramic Scaffolds: Construct Optimization and Effects on Cranial Suture Patency. Three-dimensionally-printed bioceramic scaffolds composed of β-tricalcium phosphate delivering the osteogenic agent dipyridamole can heal critically sized calvarial defects in skeletally mature translational models. However, this construct has yet to be applied to growing craniofacial models. In this study (...) , the authors implanted three-dimensionally-printed bioceramic/dipyridamole scaffolds in a growing calvaria animal model and evaluated bone growth as a function of geometric scaffold design and dipyridamole concentration. Potential adverse effects on the growing suture were also evaluated.Bilateral calvarial defects (10 mm) were created in 5-week-old (approximately 1.1 kg) New Zealand White rabbits (n = 16 analyzed). Three-dimensionally-printed bioceramic scaffolds were constructed in quadrant form composed

2020 Plastic and reconstructive surgery

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