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Cranial Nerve 10

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9961. Examination of the Cranial Nerves

Examination of the Cranial Nerves Examination of the Cranial Nerves. Cranial Information. Patient | Patient TOPICS Try our Symptom Checker TREATMENT RESOURCES Try our Symptom Checker PROFESSIONAL Upgrade to Patient Pro / / Search Examination of the Cranial Nerves Authored by , Reviewed by | Last edited 20 Jun 2014 | Certified by This article is for Medical Professionals Professional Reference articles are designed for health professionals to use. They are written by UK doctors and based (...) on research evidence, UK and European Guidelines. You may find one of our more useful. In this article In This Article Examination of the Cranial Nerves In this article There are 12 pairs of cranial nerves although the optic nerve is really an extension of the brain rather than a peripheral nerve. The ability to test them swiftly, efficiently and to interpret the findings should be a core competency for general practice. The separate article includes a description of a brief examination of the cranial

2008 Mentor

9962. Diplopia and III, IV and VI Cranial Nerve Lesions

Diplopia and III, IV and VI Cranial Nerve Lesions Diplopia and III, IV and VI Cranial Nerve Lesions. Patient | Patient TOPICS Try our Symptom Checker TREATMENT RESOURCES Try our Symptom Checker PROFESSIONAL Upgrade to Patient Pro / / Search Diplopia and III, IV and VI Cranial Nerve Lesions Authored by , Reviewed by | Last edited 4 Apr 2019 | Certified by This article is for Medical Professionals Professional Reference articles are designed for health professionals to use. They are written by UK (...) doctors and based on research evidence, UK and European Guidelines. You may find one of our more useful. In this article In This Article Diplopia and III, IV and VI Cranial Nerve Lesions In this article Diplopia is a common complaint in medical practice. It may be monocular or binocular. An understanding of the anatomy of the eye, external ocular muscles and their innervation is essential to approach diagnosis of the cause. Binocular double vision (89%) [ ] : this occurs when the images produced

2008 Mentor

9963. Cranial Nerve Lesions

Cranial Nerve Lesions Cranial Nerve Lesions. Free medical information. Patient | Patient TOPICS Try our Symptom Checker TREATMENT RESOURCES Try our Symptom Checker PROFESSIONAL Upgrade to Patient Pro / / Search Cranial Nerve Lesions Authored by , Reviewed by | Last edited 16 Jun 2014 | Certified by This article is for Medical Professionals Professional Reference articles are designed for health professionals to use. They are written by UK doctors and based on research evidence, UK and European (...) Guidelines. You may find one of our more useful. In this article In This Article Cranial Nerve Lesions In this article See the separate article on for a detailed reminder on how to examine the nerves. Where is the lesion? Try to think systematically - is it: Muscle (eg, a dystrophy)? Neuromuscular junction (eg, myasthenia)? Cranial nerve lesion outside the brainstem (eg, compression)? Cranial nerve lesion within the brainstem (eg, multiple sclerosis (MS))? Cranial nerves may be affected singly

2008 Mentor

9964. Malignant Peripheral Nerve Sheath Tumors of Cranial Nerves and Intracranial Contents: A Clinicopathologic Study of 17 Cases. (Abstract)

Malignant Peripheral Nerve Sheath Tumors of Cranial Nerves and Intracranial Contents: A Clinicopathologic Study of 17 Cases. Malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumors (MPNSTs) arising from cranial nerves or their branches are very uncommon. The literature consists mainly of isolated case reports and small series. We identified 17 such cases in 14 males and 3 females. With one exception, the tumors affected adults (age range 5 to 69 y, mean 39, median 32). Sites of involvement included vestibular (...) nerves (n=6), vagal nerves (n=4), facial nerves (n=3) (1 centered in the geniculate ganglion), and 2 unspecified cranial nerves in the posterior fossa. In addition, 1 tumor involved the optic chiasm (n=1). Only 1 tumor arose in brain parenchyma of (frontal lobe). All but 3 lesions were intracranial. Five tumors arose in patients who satisfied clinical criteria for neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1). One patient with a vestibular tumor and presumed NF2 had previously undergone resection of a contralateral

2008 American Journal of Surgical Pathology

9965. Virtual neuroendoscopy: MRI-based three-dimensional visualization of the cranial nerves in the posterior cranial fossa. (Abstract)

Virtual neuroendoscopy: MRI-based three-dimensional visualization of the cranial nerves in the posterior cranial fossa. This article presents the advances of three-dimensional (3D) virtual neuroendoscopy of the cranial nerves (CN) in the posterior fossa. Interactive 3D visualizations were generated and the anatomical landmarks, such as the root entry/exit zones (REZ) and cisternal segments of the CN were evaluated. Twenty patients (M:F, 6:14) with trigeminal neuralgia (TN) underwent MRI

2008 British Journal of Neurosurgery

9966. Effects of cranial transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation in normal subjects at rest and during psychological stress. (Abstract)

Effects of cranial transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation in normal subjects at rest and during psychological stress. Some effects of sub-threshold sine-wave transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS), passed between earlobe electrodes at a constant alternating current (AC) frequency of 100 Hertz (Hz), were investigated in 90 normal subjects after 30 minutes of treatment, and after 3 minutes of standardized mental stress (mental arithmetic) which immediately followed the 30 minute

1991 Acupuncture & electro-therapeutics research

9967. Infectious mononucleosis with cranial nerve palsies. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Infectious mononucleosis with cranial nerve palsies. 3590393 1987 07 14 2018 11 13 0041-6193 56 1 1987 Apr The Ulster medical journal Ulster Med J Infectious mononucleosis with cranial nerve palsies. 69-71 Flanagan P P Hawkins S A SA Bryars J H JH eng Case Reports Journal Article Northern Ireland Ulster Med J 0417367 0041-6193 IM Adult Cranial Nerve Diseases etiology physiopathology Facial Paralysis etiology physiopathology Female Humans Infectious Mononucleosis complications 1987 4 1 1987 4 1

1987 The Ulster medical journal

9968. Cranial nerve palsy following retrobulbar anaesthesia. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Cranial nerve palsy following retrobulbar anaesthesia. 3342224 1988 04 01 2018 11 13 0007-1161 72 1 1988 Jan The British journal of ophthalmology Br J Ophthalmol Cranial nerve palsy following retrobulbar anaesthesia. 78 Rodgers R R Orellana J J eng Case Reports Letter England Br J Ophthalmol 0421041 0007-1161 IM Aged Anesthesia, Local adverse effects Humans Male Ophthalmoplegia etiology Optic Nerve Diseases etiology 1988 1 1 1988 1 1 0 1 1988 1 1 0 0 ppublish 3342224 PMC1041372 Arch Ophthalmol

1988 The British journal of ophthalmology

9969. Cranial Sixth-Nerve Palsy and Eosinophilia in an Outbreak of Mycoplasma Pneumonia Full Text available with Trip Pro

Cranial Sixth-Nerve Palsy and Eosinophilia in an Outbreak of Mycoplasma Pneumonia The authors discuss a case in which three siblings presented with Mycoplasma pneumonia. All three had a typical rise in complement fixation antibody titres. However, the sibling with the highest titre also developed cranial sixth-nerve palsy; in addition, she was the only one of the three who did not have an eosinophilia. The authors review the symptomatology of Mycoplasma pneumonia and the involvement

1987 Canadian Family Physician

9970. Cranial nerve clock. Part 1. A declarative memory paradigm. (Abstract)

Cranial nerve clock. Part 1. A declarative memory paradigm. The authors performed this study to compare a declarative memory paradigm developed to help teach medical students about the cranial nerves with a traditional text-based approach.The authors designed a clock-based paradigm to help medical students learn about the cranial nerves. To enhance memorization and related brain activation, the paradigm uses visual, spatial, and word associations in the context of an analog clock face. Twenty (...) -one undergraduate students were randomly divided into two groups. Group T viewed traditional text slides, and group C viewed text slides followed by the corresponding cranial clock slides. Subjects were tested before and after these sessions.Group C performed significantly better than group T in learning the names of the cranial nerves and their correct order (P < .011). Recall of name, number, and function was better for 11 of 12 cranial nerves, with statistical significance reached for nerves

2001 Academic radiology Controlled trial quality: uncertain

9971. A cranial nerve palsy associated with Mycoplasma pneumoniae infection. Polymerase chain reaction evidence against an infectious mechanism. Full Text available with Trip Pro

A cranial nerve palsy associated with Mycoplasma pneumoniae infection. Polymerase chain reaction evidence against an infectious mechanism. 8280697 1994 02 17 2018 11 13 0007-1161 77 11 1993 Nov The British journal of ophthalmology Br J Ophthalmol A cranial nerve palsy associated with Mycoplasma pneumoniae infection. Polymerase chain reaction evidence against an infectious mechanism. 750-1 Fink C G CG John Radcliffe Hospital, Oxford. Butler L L eng Case Reports Journal Article England Br J (...) Ophthalmol 0421041 0007-1161 IM Child, Preschool Cranial Nerve Diseases etiology Female Humans Mycoplasma pneumoniae isolation & purification Oculomotor Nerve microbiology Pneumonia, Mycoplasma complications 1993 11 1 1993 11 1 0 1 1993 11 1 0 0 ppublish 8280697 PMC504643 Arch Ophthalmol. 1968 Jul;80(1):45-57 5660018 Clin Exp Immunol. 1971 Feb;8(2):319-33 4995565 Am J Med. 1975 Feb;58(2):229-42 163580 J Pediatr. 1976 Jul;89(1):79-81 932908 Immunology. 1967 Oct;13(4):405-9 4964286 J Hyg (Lond). 1985 Apr

1993 The British journal of ophthalmology

9972. Results following treatment of third cranial nerve palsy in children. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Results following treatment of third cranial nerve palsy in children. To investigate the etiology, sensory, motor, and cosmetic results of treatment for oculomotor (CNIII) palsy in children.We conducted a retrospective review of the clinical records of children with a diagnosis of CNIII palsy who were followed up in our practice between 1981 and 1996.During the 15-year period, 49 children with 53 affected eyes were followed for a mean of 5.5 years. CNIII palsy was congenital in one third

1998 Transactions of the American Ophthalmological Society

9973. Examination of the cranial nerves Full Text available with Trip Pro

Examination of the cranial nerves 10698908 2000 03 14 1756-1833 320 7235 2000 Mar 04 BMJ (Clinical research ed.) BMJ Examination of the cranial nerves 655A Rothwell P Radcliffe Infirmary, Oxford. eng Journal Article England BMJ 8900488 0959-8138 2000 3 4 2000 3 4 2000 3 4 0 0 ppublish 10698908 PMC1117678

2000 BMJ : British Medical Journal

9974. Fluctuating oculomotor hyperfunction and hypofunction caused by aneurysmal compression of the third cranial nerve Full Text available with Trip Pro

Fluctuating oculomotor hyperfunction and hypofunction caused by aneurysmal compression of the third cranial nerve 10636655 2000 01 11 2008 11 20 0007-1161 83 10 1999 Oct The British journal of ophthalmology Br J Ophthalmol Fluctuating oculomotor hyperfunction and hypofunction caused by aneurysmal compression of the third cranial nerve. 1204 Dayan M R MR Elston J S JS eng Case Reports Letter England Br J Ophthalmol 0421041 0007-1161 IM Aged Aneurysm complications Carotid Artery Diseases (...) complications Carotid Artery, Internal Female Humans Nerve Compression Syndromes etiology Oculomotor Nerve Diseases etiology 2000 1 15 2000 1 15 0 1 2000 1 15 0 0 ppublish 10636655 PMC1722821

1999 The British journal of ophthalmology

9975. Neurovascular compression in cranial nerve and systemic disease. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Neurovascular compression in cranial nerve and systemic disease. As we age, our arteries elongate and our brains "sag." As a consequence of these processes, redundant arterial loops and bridging or intrinsic hindbrain veins may cause cross-compression of cranial nerve root entry zones in the cerebellopontine angle. This pulsatile compression can be seen to produce hyperactive dysfunction of the cranial nerve. Symptoms of trigeminal or glossopharyngeal neuralgia (somatic sensory), hemifacial (...) spasm (somatic motor), tinnitus and vertigo (special sensory) and some cases of "essential" hypertension are caused by these vessels compressing cranial nerves V, IX--X, VII, VIII, and left X and medulla oblongata. Using microsurgical techniques, the symptoms may be relieved by vascular decompression, findings and results in 695 paients are briefly reviewed and correlated. A chronic primate model of "essential" hypertension is briefly described.

1980 Annals of Surgery

9976. Unruptured Aneurysms with Cranial Nerve Symptoms: Efficacy of Endosaccular Guglielmi Detachable Coil Treatment Full Text available with Trip Pro

Unruptured Aneurysms with Cranial Nerve Symptoms: Efficacy of Endosaccular Guglielmi Detachable Coil Treatment To evaluate the efficacy of endosaccular Guglielmi detachable coil (GDC) treatment of unruptured aneurysms causing cranial nerve (CN) symptoms.Among a database of 218 patients whose aneurysms were treated using GDC, seven patients met the criteria for unruptured aneurysms presenting with symptoms and signs of CN palsy. Changes in CN symptoms before and after GDC treatment were (...) reviewed.Aneurysms were located in the internal carotid-posterior communicating artery (n=3), the basilar bifurcation (n=1) and the cavernous internal carotid artery (n=3). CN symptoms included ptosis (n=6), mydriasis (n=2), and extraocular muscle (EOM) disorder (CN III: n=4; CN VI: n=3). Overall, improvement or resolution of CN symptoms after treatment was noted in five patients. CN symptoms in cases involving small (10 mm) and intradural aneurysms tended to respond better to GDC treatment. Ptosis

2003 Korean Journal of Radiology

9977. Fascicle preservation surgery for facial nerve neuromas involving the posterior cranial fossa. (Abstract)

Fascicle preservation surgery for facial nerve neuromas involving the posterior cranial fossa. To assess facial nerve function after fascicle preservation surgery in cases of facial nerve neuroma involving the cerebellopontine angle.Retrospective case series and literature review.Tertiary referral center.Seven patients with facial nerve neuroma involving the posterior cranial fossa were reviewed from a single neurotologist's practice and combined with a review of 648 cases reported (...) in the literature.Translabyrinthine resection was used in all patients for complete tumor removal. Nerve reconstruction was accomplished with fascicle preservation (three cases), cable nerve interposition grafting (three cases, one of which involved using cranial nerve VIII as the graft), or direct anastomosis (one case).Facial nerve function as measured by the House-Brackmann grading system. RESULTS A postoperative facial nerve (House-Brackmann) grade of II/VI was obtained in two of our three patients who underwent fascicle

2003 Otology and Neurotology

9978. Brainstem dysgenesis: report of five patients with congenital hypotonia, multiple cranial nerve involvement, and ocular motor apraxia. (Abstract)

Brainstem dysgenesis: report of five patients with congenital hypotonia, multiple cranial nerve involvement, and ocular motor apraxia. This paper reports three females and two males with a distinctive congenital syndrome characterized by severe congenital hypotonia, facial diplegia, jaw ankylosis, velo-pharyngeal incoordination, pyramidal tract signs, and ocular motor apraxia. Patients were followed up at ages ranging from 20 months to 16 years. All cases of this syndrome are sporadic, without (...) dysmorphological features, chromosomal, or MRI brain abnormalities. Electrophysiological studies indicate the brainstem as the site of the neurological dysfunction. Post-mortem CNS study of one of the patients demonstrated neuronal depletion of the IV, VII, VIII, and IX cranial nerve nuclei and intact morphology of the cerebral hemispheres. A vascular accident, early in foetal life, is the most likely cause of the clinical picture. The extent of brainstem involvement and its related clinical findings

2003 Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology

9979. Maternal diabetes in the rat impairs the formation of neural-crest derived cranial nerve ganglia in the offspring. Full Text available with Trip Pro

staining of embryos from normal and diabetic mothers to investigate the development of cranial nerve ganglia. Neural tube explants were cultured in 10 and 40 mmol/l glucose and cell death and caspase activity was measured with flow cytometry.The development of cranial ganglia V, VII, VIII, IX and X was impaired in day 10-11 embryos of diabetic rats. There was also a higher rate of cell death of neural crest derived cells cultured in 40 mmol/l glucose for 20 h (35% compared to 12% in 10 mmol/l). However (...) Maternal diabetes in the rat impairs the formation of neural-crest derived cranial nerve ganglia in the offspring. Maternal diabetes mellitus increases the risk for fetal malformations. Several of these malformations are found in organs and tissues derived from the neural crest. Previous studies have shown changes in fetal organs of neural crest origin in experimental diabetes and changes in migration of neural crest cells exposed to high glucose in vitro.We used whole-mount neurofilament

2003 Diabetologia

9980. Sixth cranial nerve palsy complicating psittacosis. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Sixth cranial nerve palsy complicating psittacosis. 3236030 1989 04 28 2018 11 13 0022-3050 51 11 1988 Nov Journal of neurology, neurosurgery, and psychiatry J. Neurol. Neurosurg. Psychiatry Sixth cranial nerve palsy complicating psittacosis. 1462 Zumla A A Lipscomb G G Lewis D D eng Case Reports Letter England J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry 2985191R 0022-3050 IM Abducens Nerve physiopathology Female Humans Middle Aged Ophthalmoplegia physiopathology Psittacosis complications 1988 11 1 1988 11 1

1988 Journal of neurology, neurosurgery, and psychiatry

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