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Cranial Nerve 10

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9901. Immunohistochemical assessment of cranial suture development in rats. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Immunohistochemical assessment of cranial suture development in rats. The present study investigated, by immunohistochemistry, the postnatal occurrence and anatomical localisation of some bone and cartilage proteins and proteoglycans in the rat coronal sutural region. Thirty two Sprague-Dawley rats, four in each group, were killed at ages 3, 5, 8, 10, 15, 30, 50 and 100 days and the sutural region subsequently subjected to histological examination. The biochemical constituents investigated were

1990 Journal of anatomy

9902. Spinal seeding in cranial germinoma. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Spinal seeding in cranial germinoma. 2310686 1990 04 20 2018 11 13 0007-0920 61 2 1990 Feb British journal of cancer Br. J. Cancer Spinal seeding in cranial germinoma. 339-40 Brada M M Rajan B B eng Letter England Br J Cancer 0370635 0007-0920 IM Brain Neoplasms radiotherapy Dysgerminoma radiotherapy Humans Neoplasm Seeding Pinealoma radiotherapy Spinal Neoplasms secondary 1990 2 1 1990 2 1 0 1 1990 2 1 0 0 ppublish 2310686 PMC1971394 Am J Roentgenol Radium Ther Nucl Med. 1967 Apr;99(4):826-32 (...) 6021386 Neurology. 1960 Nov;10:1031-6 13718837 Radiology. 1972 May;103(2):407-12 4537184 Cancer. 1976 Jun;37(6):2713-8 949690 Radiology. 1977 Jul;124(1):221-3 405710 J Neurosurg. 1978 Jan;48(1):99-107 619029 Radiology. 1978 Sep;128(3):745-51 674649 Cancer. 1979 Feb;43(2):698-701 105801 Radiology. 1979 Mar;130(3):757-60 424554 Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys. 1979 Apr;5(4):491-9 378914 Cancer. 1980 Sep 1;46(5):1253-7 7214306 Cancer. 1981 Aug 1;48(3):708-13 7248896 Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys. 1981 May;7

1990 British journal of cancer

9903. Reversible pituitary stalk enlargement in cranial diabetes insipidus. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Reversible pituitary stalk enlargement in cranial diabetes insipidus. 1744657 1992 01 14 2018 11 13 0022-3050 54 10 1991 Oct Journal of neurology, neurosurgery, and psychiatry J. Neurol. Neurosurg. Psychiatry Reversible pituitary stalk enlargement in cranial diabetes insipidus. 937-8 Teelucksingh S S Sellar R R Seckl J R JR Edwards C R CR Padfield P L PL eng Case Reports Letter England J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry 2985191R 0022-3050 ENR1LLB0FP Deamino Arginine Vasopressin IM Administration (...) , Intranasal Adolescent Deamino Arginine Vasopressin administration & dosage Diabetes Insipidus diagnosis drug therapy Female Follow-Up Studies Humans Magnetic Resonance Imaging Male Pituitary Gland drug effects pathology Tomography, X-Ray Computed 1991 10 1 1991 10 1 0 1 1991 10 1 0 0 ppublish 1744657 PMC1014588 Radiology. 1987 Nov;165(2):487-9 3659371 J Comput Assist Tomogr. 1979 Jun;3(3):309-16 312298 AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 1984 Jan-Feb;5(1):45-7 6421123 AJR Am J Roentgenol. 1985 Dec;145(6):1297-302

1991 Journal of neurology, neurosurgery, and psychiatry

9904. The electro-mechanical response of canine inspiratory intercostal muscles to increased resistance: the cranial rib-cage. Full Text available with Trip Pro

intercostals and caudal displacement of the rib was reproduced by isolated stimulation of the phrenic nerves. 6. The reflex facilitation of external intercostal and levator costae activities that takes place during inspiratory resistive loading thus results primarily from the collapsing action of the diaphragm on the cranial portion of the rib-cage and the consequent lengthening of these muscles. The mechanical effectiveness of this reflex facilitation, however, appears to be relatively small. (...) The electro-mechanical response of canine inspiratory intercostal muscles to increased resistance: the cranial rib-cage. 1. The effect of graded increases in inspiratory airflow resistance on the electrical activity and the mechanical behaviour of the three groups of inspiratory intercostal muscles (parasternal intercostal, external intercostal, levator costae) situated in the cranial portion of the rib-cage has been studied in ten anaesthetized, spontaneously breathing dogs. The mechanical

1992 The Journal of physiology

9905. Prediction of neurodevelopmental outcome in the preterm infant: short latency cortical somatosensory evoked potentials compared with cranial ultrasound. Full Text available with Trip Pro

. As a predictor of cerebral palsy, SEPs had a sensitivity of 44% and a specificity of 92%. The presence of a large haemorrhage (grade IIb/III) or cystic leukomalacia on cranial ultrasound predicted cerebral palsy with a sensitivity of 73.6% and a specificity of 83.1%. These results demonstrate that the role of SEPs recorded after median nerve stimulation is limited in preterm infants. (...) Prediction of neurodevelopmental outcome in the preterm infant: short latency cortical somatosensory evoked potentials compared with cranial ultrasound. One hundred and twenty six preterm infants, with a gestational age of 34 weeks or less, were studied to compare the predictive value of somatosensory evoked potentials (SEPs) with that of cranial ultrasound. A normal N1 latency was no guarantee of a normal outcome, nor did a persistently delayed N1 latency always correlate with a poor outcome

1992 Archives of Disease in Childhood

9906. Optic neuropathy associated with hypertrophic cranial pachymeningitis. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Optic neuropathy associated with hypertrophic cranial pachymeningitis. 8759274 1996 09 17 2018 11 13 0007-1161 80 6 1996 Jun The British journal of ophthalmology Br J Ophthalmol Optic neuropathy associated with hypertrophic cranial pachymeningitis. 574-5 Harada T T Ohashi T T Ohki K K Kato H H Takamura M M Yoshida K K Matsuda H H Sawamura Y Y Itoh T T eng Case Reports Letter England Br J Ophthalmol 0421041 0007-1161 IM Aged Central Nervous System Diseases complications pathology Dura Mater (...) pathology Female Humans Hypertrophy Orbital Diseases complications pathology Tomography, X-Ray Computed Vision Disorders diagnosis etiology 1996 6 1 1996 6 1 0 1 1996 6 1 0 0 ppublish 8759274 PMC505536 Cancer. 1972 Jan;29(1):252-60 5007387 J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry. 1975 Dec;38(12):1170-6 1219081 AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 1989 May-Jun;10(3):477-84 2501979 Hum Pathol. 1990 Sep;21(9):959-73 2394438 J Clin Pathol. 1995 May;48(5):395-7 7629280 Histopathology. 1993 Nov;23(5):417-24 8314214 Neuroradiology

1996 The British journal of ophthalmology

9907. Release of immunoreactive substance P in the brain stem upon stimulation of the cranial dura mater with low pH – inhibition by the serotonin (5-HT1) receptor agonist CP 93,129 Full Text available with Trip Pro

Release of immunoreactive substance P in the brain stem upon stimulation of the cranial dura mater with low pH – inhibition by the serotonin (5-HT1) receptor agonist CP 93,129 1. The therapeutical benefit of serotonin (5-HT1) receptor agonists in the treatment of migraine headache has been attributed to their inhibitory effect on the release of pro-inflammatory neuropeptides from trigeminal afferents within the cranial meninges. The effect of 5-HT1 receptor agonists on the release (...) with acid phosphate buffered Tyrode solution (pH 5.8). This chemical stimulus increased the release of ir-SP in the medullary dorsal horn. 3. Systemic (i.v.) administration of CP 93,129 (460 nmol kg(-1)) prior to stimulation suppressed the stimulation-evoked increase of release of ir-SP. Local administration of CP 93,129 (10 microM) to the dorsal surface of the medulla had no significant inhibitory effect on the release. 4. It is concluded that systemically applied 5-HT1 receptor agonists reduce

1998 British journal of pharmacology

9908. Comparison of the vasoconstrictor effects of rizatriptan and sumatriptan in human isolated cranial arteries: immunohistological demonstration of the involvement of 5-HT1B-receptors Full Text available with Trip Pro

Comparison of the vasoconstrictor effects of rizatriptan and sumatriptan in human isolated cranial arteries: immunohistological demonstration of the involvement of 5-HT1B-receptors We compared the vasoconstrictor effects of 5-HT with those of the selective 5-HT1B/1D-receptor agonists sumatriptan and rizatriptan in human isolated cranial (middle meningeal) arteries. In addition selective 5-HT1B- or 5-HT1D-receptor antibodies were used in combination with semiquantitative immunohistochemical (...) artery (ANOVA, F=7.95, DF=1,4, P<0.05).Rizatriptan and sumatriptan act selectively to cause vasoconstriction in human isolated middle meningeal artery and are 10-fold more potent than in human coronary artery. The higher level of expression of 5-HT1B-receptors in middle meningeal compared with coronary artery provides a pharmacological basis for the craniovascular selectively of both rizatriptan and sumatriptan.

1998 British journal of clinical pharmacology

9909. MRSA with progression from otitis media and sphenoid sinusitis to clival osteomyelitis, pachymeningitis and abducens nerve palsy in an immunocompetent 10-year-old patient. (Abstract)

MRSA with progression from otitis media and sphenoid sinusitis to clival osteomyelitis, pachymeningitis and abducens nerve palsy in an immunocompetent 10-year-old patient. A previously healthy 10-year-old patient with headache, otalgia, and hearing loss was diagnosed with pachymeningitis and methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus otitis media and bacteremia. Despite antimicrobial therapy, intracranial extension progressed, including clival osteomyelitis, sphenoid sinusitis, cavernous sinus (...) inflammation and cranial nerve palsies, until the sphenoid sinus was drained. This case exemplifies an aggressive MRSA intracranial infection that advanced despite antibiotic therapy.

2008 International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology

9910. Loss of the Sall3 Gene Leads to Palate Deficiency, Abnormalities in Cranial Nerves, and Perinatal Lethality Full Text available with Trip Pro

Loss of the Sall3 Gene Leads to Palate Deficiency, Abnormalities in Cranial Nerves, and Perinatal Lethality Members of the Spalt gene family encode putative transcription factors characterized by seven to nine C2H2 zinc finger motifs. Four genes have been identified in mice--Spalt1 to Spalt4 (Sall1 to Sall4). Spalt homologues are widely expressed in neural and mesodermal tissues during early embryogenesis. Sall3 is normally expressed in mice from embryonic day 7 (E7) in the neural ectoderm (...) and primitive streak and subsequently in the brain, peripheral nerves, spinal cord, limb buds, palate, heart, and otic vesicles. We have generated a targeted disruption of Sall3 in mice. Homozygous mutant animals die on the first postnatal day and fail to feed. Examination of the oral structures of these animals revealed that abnormalities were present in the palate and epiglottis from E16.5. In E10.5 embryos, deficiencies in cranial nerves that normally innervate oral structures, particularly

2004 Molecular and cellular biology

9911. Virtual Cisternoscopy: 3D MRI Models of the Cerebellopontine Angle for Lesions Related to the Cranial Nerves Full Text available with Trip Pro

Virtual Cisternoscopy: 3D MRI Models of the Cerebellopontine Angle for Lesions Related to the Cranial Nerves This study was conducted to show that high-resolution magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) can aid in the neurosurgical approach to lesions affecting the cranial nerves (CNs) in the cerebellopontine angle (CPA). Three patients with symptomatology related to CNs VII and VIII underwent MRI examinations performed on a 1.5-Tesla Siemens MR scanner. As part of these routine examinations

2004 Skull Base

9912. Imaging the cranial nerves in cancer Full Text available with Trip Pro

Imaging the cranial nerves in cancer The cranial nerves are often involved in head and neck malignancies. Some malignancies have a strong propensity to show perineural spread. Cranial nerve palsy may be the presenting sign of metastatic disease to the skull base. Like metastatic disease to the lungs or liver, the cranial nerves themselves may be the site of metastatic disease. In addition, cranial nerves can be injured by radiation therapy or sacrificed during surgical treatment. This paper (...) focuses on the imaging features of perineural infiltration, skull base neural foramen involvement and metastatic disease in the cranial nerves. It will also highlight the complications of radiation therapy, in particular radiation - induced optic neuritis.

2004 Cancer Imaging

9913. Hemifacial spasm, neuralgia, and syncope due to cranial nerve compression in a patient with vertebral artery ectasia Full Text available with Trip Pro

Hemifacial spasm, neuralgia, and syncope due to cranial nerve compression in a patient with vertebral artery ectasia 16227538 2005 11 22 2017 11 14 0022-3050 76 11 2005 Nov Journal of neurology, neurosurgery, and psychiatry J. Neurol. Neurosurg. Psychiatry Neurological picture. Hemifacial spasm, neuralgia, and syncope due to cranial nerve compression in a patient with vertebral artery ectasia. 1500 Spengos K K Department of Neurology, University of Athens, 11528 Athens, Greece. spengos@hol.gr (...) complications pathology surgery Neuralgia complications etiology Pons pathology Syncope complications etiology Vagus Nerve pathology surgery Vertebral Artery diagnostic imaging pathology 2005 10 18 9 0 2005 12 13 9 0 2005 10 18 9 0 ppublish 16227538 76/11/1500 10.1136/jnnp.2005.064147 PMC1739408

2005 Journal of neurology, neurosurgery, and psychiatry

9914. Is migraine with cranial nerve palsy an ophthalmoplegic migraine? Full Text available with Trip Pro

Is migraine with cranial nerve palsy an ophthalmoplegic migraine? Ophthalmoplegic migraine (OM) is a rare form of primary headache. Because of its rarity, only a few cases, mostly symptomatic, are reported. We analyse nine cases among 52 973 adults who suffer from headaches with an oculomotor palsy firstly considered as OM. The study was retrospective and multicentric in a database set up in France. The aim of our investigation was to describe the clinical and radiological aspects (...) of these cases and to discuss the diagnosis of OM. We demonstrate that the characteristics of the headaches were identical to usual migraine without oculomotor nerve palsy for each case. The study emphasises the difficulty of the OM diagnosis even with the new IHS criteria because of the rarity of having all characteristics. A wide heterogeneity was noted in cranial imagery and blood tests. We suggest adding the code of probable OM in the IHS classification to increase the knowledge and detection

2007 The journal of headache and pain

9915. Cornichon-like Protein Facilitates Secretion of HB-EGF and Regulates Proper Development of Cranial Nerves Full Text available with Trip Pro

Cornichon-like Protein Facilitates Secretion of HB-EGF and Regulates Proper Development of Cranial Nerves During their migration to the periphery, cranial neural crest cells (NCCs) are repulsed by an ErbB4-dependent cue(s) in the mesenchyme adjoining rhombomeres (r) 3 and 5, which are segmented hindbrain neuromeres. ErbB4 has many ligands, but which ligand functions in the above system has not yet been clearly determined. Here we found that a cornichon-like protein/cornichon homolog 2 (CNIL (...) /CNIH2) gene was expressed in the developing chick r3 and r5. In a cell culture system, its product facilitated the secretion of heparin-binding epidermal growth factor-like growth factor (HB-EGF), one of the ligands of ErbB4. When CNIL function was perturbed in chick embryos by forced expression of a truncated form of CNIL, the distribution of NCCs was affected, which resulted in abnormal nerve fiber connections among the cranial sensory ganglia. Also, knockdown of CNIL or HB-EGF with siRNAs yielded

2007 Molecular biology of the cell

9916. Cranial Nerve Injuries and the Retrojugular Approach in Carotid Endarterectomy Full Text available with Trip Pro

Cranial Nerve Injuries and the Retrojugular Approach in Carotid Endarterectomy This is a retrospective case series analysis to compare the incidence of cranial nerve injuries in carotid endarterectomy by the retrojugular and anteromedial approaches.Data were extracted from a prospectively collected database. Ninety-one retrojugular carotid endarterectomies were compared with 145 anteromedial carotid endarterectomies. All were performed under local anaesthesia and used the eversion technique (...) . Data were analysed using the chi-squared test.Nine (3.8%) cases were complicated by cranial nerve injuries. In four cases, multiple nerves were involved. In total, 13 (5.5%) cranial nerves were injured. The affected nerves were: two (0.8%) marginal mandibular, two (0.8%) laryngeal, three (1.2%) accessory and six (2.5%) hypoglossal. There was no statistically significant difference in total or specific cranial nerve injuries between the two surgical approaches.The risk of cranial nerve injuries

2008 Annals of the Royal College of Surgeons of England

9917. Visualization of the oculomotor cranial nerves by magnetic resonance imaging. (Abstract)

Visualization of the oculomotor cranial nerves by magnetic resonance imaging. MRI is the imaging method of choice in patients with cranial nerve palsies. However, the nerves are often not seen on MR images and smaller lesions may not be diagnosed on routine brain MRI. The purpose of this study is to show that the oculomotor cranial nerves can be visualized by standard MR sequences and to present an update on clinical applications of cranial nerve imaging. In MR images of normal subjects (...) in the coronal plane obtained using surface coils). The capability of imaging cranial nerves is clinically important not only for diagnostic purposes in eye muscle palsies but also for planning surgical procedures at the cranio-orbital junction.

2004 Strabismus

9918. Risk of persistent cranial nerve injury after carotid endarterectomy. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Risk of persistent cranial nerve injury after carotid endarterectomy. Cranial nerve injuries, particularly motor nerve injuries, following carotid endarterectomy (CEA) can be disabling and therefore patients should be given reliable information about the risks of sustaining such injuries. The reported frequency of cranial nerve injury in the published literature ranges from 3 to 23%, and there have been few series in which patients were routinely examined before and after surgery (...) by a neurologist.The authors investigated the risk of cranial nerve injuries in patients who underwent CEA in the European Carotid Surgery Trial (ECST), the largest series of patients undergoing CEA in which neurological assessment was performed before and after surgery. Cranial nerve injury was assessed and recorded in every patient and persisting deficits were identified on follow-up examination at 4 months and 1 year after randomization. Risk factors for cranial nerve injury were examined by performing

2004 Journal of neurosurgery Controlled trial quality: uncertain

9919. Cranial manipulation can alter sleep latency and sympathetic nerve activity in humans: a pilot study. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Cranial manipulation can alter sleep latency and sympathetic nerve activity in humans: a pilot study. To determine if cranial manipulation is associated with altered sleep latency. Furthermore, we investigated the effects of cranial manipulation on muscle sympathetic nerve activity (MSNA) as a potential mechanism for altered sleep latency.Randomized block design with repeated measures.The Integrative Physiology and Manipulative Medicine Departments, University of North Texas Health Science (...) in the remaining 9 subjects, using standard microneurographic technique.Sleep latency during the CV4 trial was decreased when compared to both the CV4 sham or control trials (p < 0.05). MSNA during the CV4-induced temporary halt of the cranial rhythmic impulse (stillpoint) was decreased when compared to prestillpoint MSNA (p < 0.01). During the CV4 sham and control trials MSNA was not different between CV4 time-matched measurements (p > 0.05). Moreover, the change in MSNA prestillpoint to stillpoint during

2005 Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine Controlled trial quality: uncertain

9920. [Cranial nerve block with bupivacaine for postoperative analgesia following supratentorial craniotomy]. (Abstract)

[Cranial nerve block with bupivacaine for postoperative analgesia following supratentorial craniotomy]. To assess the effectiveness of analgesia by cranial nerve block with bupivacaine in the first 24 hours following elective supratentorial craniotomy.A prospective, randomized, double-blind study was performed in 30 patients who underwent craniotomy for excision of a tumor. The cranial nerve block was performed using saline (control group, n=15) or 0.25% bupivacaine with epinephrine at 1:200 (...) 000 (bupivacaine group, n=15). Morphine (2 mg, intravenous bolus) was used for rescue analgesia. Pain was assessed on a visual analog scale (VAS) at 2, 4, 8, 12, 16, and 24 hours following the cranial nerve block. The following data were recorded: time elapsed until appearance of pain, use of rescue analgesia, and incidence of adverse effects.The use of morphine was significantly lower in the group of patients who received a cranial nerve block with bupivacaine than in the control group (mean [SD

2007 Revista española de anestesiología y reanimación Controlled trial quality: uncertain

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