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Cranial Nerve 10

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9861. Evaluation of cranial electrostimulation therapy on short-term smoking cessation. (Abstract)

Evaluation of cranial electrostimulation therapy on short-term smoking cessation. The effects of cranial electrical stimulation (CES) on short-term smoking cessation were evaluated in a double-blind study of cigarette smokers who wished to stop smoking. Subjects were randomly assigned to a CES- (n = 51) or a sham-treated group (n = 50). On 5 consecutive days subjects received CES treatments (30-microA, 2-msec, 10-Hz pulsed signal) or no electrical current (sham). There were no significant

1997 Biological psychiatry Controlled trial quality: uncertain

9862. Controlled clinical trial of prophylactic cranial irradiation for patients with small-cell lung cancer in complete remission. (Abstract)

Controlled clinical trial of prophylactic cranial irradiation for patients with small-cell lung cancer in complete remission. We conducted a randomised clinical trial on 211 patients with small-cell lung cancer in complete remission (CR). The aim of this trial was to evaluate the effect of prophylactic cranial irradiation (PCI) on overall survival. Eligible patients were randomly assigned to receive either PCI (100 patients) or no PCI (111 patients). Each centre was allowed to use its own PCI (...) protocol as long as the total dose was within the range of 24-30 Gy and delivered in less than 3 weeks with fractions of 3 Gy or less. The mean follow-up is 5 years. The survival curves do not differ significantly (P = 0.25) between the two groups. The 4-year overall survival rate (95% confidence interval) is 22% [15-32%] in the PCI group versus 16% [10-25%] in the control group. The relative risk of death in the PCI group compared to the control group is 0.84 (95% CI = [0.62-1.13]). The incidence

1998 Lung Cancer Controlled trial quality: predicted high

9863. Cranial dystonia, blepharospasm and hemifacial spasm: clinical features and treatment, including the use of botulinum toxin. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Cranial dystonia, blepharospasm and hemifacial spasm: clinical features and treatment, including the use of botulinum toxin. Blepharospasm, the most frequent feature of cranial dystonia, and hemifacial spasm are two involuntary movement disorders that affect facial muscles. The cause of blepharospasm and other forms of cranial dystonia is not known. Hemifacial spasm is usually due to compression of the seventh cranial nerve at its exit from the brain stem. Cranial dystonia may result in severe (...) disability. Hemifacial spasm tends to be much less disabling but may cause considerable distress and embarrassment. Patients affected with these disorders are often mistakenly considered to have psychiatric problems. Although the two disorders are quite distinct pathophysiologically, therapy with botulinum toxin has proven very effective in both. We review the clinical features, proposed pathophysiologic features, differential diagnosis and treatment, including the use of botulinum toxin, of cranial

1988 CMAJ: Canadian Medical Association Journal

9864. Cranial magnetic resonance imaging in patients with tuberous sclerosis and normal intellect. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Cranial magnetic resonance imaging in patients with tuberous sclerosis and normal intellect. The pattern of cerebral hamartomas among a population of patients with tuberous sclerosis and normal intellect was determined. All patients with tuberous sclerosis over 5 years old with normal intellect who were resident in the Bath health district were offered cranial scanning by magnetic resonance imaging. Cerebral axial and coronal images were obtained in 10 mm contiguous sections with a Picker 0.5

1991 Archives of Disease in Childhood

9865. Emergency cranial computed tomography in the management of acute febrile encephalopathy in children. Full Text available with Trip Pro

were included. Fourteen scans were abnormal and two had clinically insignificant incidental findings. Four children with focal neurological signs had scans demonstrating extra-axial collections. None required neurosurgical intervention. Clinically, raised intracranial pressure was present in 10 patients. Only five had cerebral oedema on computed tomography; these five children died. Emergency cranial computed tomography influenced subsequent management in no child without focal neurological signs (...) Emergency cranial computed tomography in the management of acute febrile encephalopathy in children. Evaluation of the influence of emergency cranial computed tomography on the management of acute febrile encephalopathy in children.A retrospective study in children with acute febrile encephalopathy who underwent emergency cranial computed tomography within 12 hours of admission to the paediatric intensive care unit. All scans were evaluated by two independent radiologists.Thirty nine children

1999 Journal of accident & emergency medicine

9866. Exposure of the Petrous Segment of the Internal Carotid Artery Through the Extradural Subtemporal Middle Cranial Fossa Approach: A Systematic Anatomical Study Full Text available with Trip Pro

Exposure of the Petrous Segment of the Internal Carotid Artery Through the Extradural Subtemporal Middle Cranial Fossa Approach: A Systematic Anatomical Study The relationships between the horizontal segment of the internal carotid artery (ICA) and other petrous apex structures was studied in 14 anatomical specimens obtained from routine autopsies and on 10 magnetic resonance images obtained from healthy volunteers. The dissection was performed under an operating microscope using the middle (...) fossa transpetrous approach. A pentagonshaped area of 67.91 mm(2) posterior to the trigeminal nerve and bordered by anatomical structures was identified inside the petrous apex. The results suggest a method for exposing the ICA when the artery is not visible after dural elevation.

2001 Skull Base

9867. Emergency cranial computed tomography Full Text available with Trip Pro

Emergency cranial computed tomography 10921832 2000 11 29 2016 11 24 1351-0622 17 4 2000 Jul Journal of accident & emergency medicine J Accid Emerg Med Emergency cranial computed tomography. 309-10 Lambert K K Rickards M M Halford N N eng Letter Comment England J Accid Emerg Med 9433751 1351-0622 IM J Accid Emerg Med. 2000 Jan;17(1):15-7 10658984 Brain Diseases diagnostic imaging Emergency Service, Hospital Emergency Treatment Humans Practice Guidelines as Topic Reproducibility of Results (...) Retrospective Studies Subarachnoid Hemorrhage diagnostic imaging Tomography, X-Ray Computed United Kingdom 2000 8 2 11 0 2001 2 28 10 1 2000 8 2 11 0 ppublish 10921832 PMC1725426

2000 Journal of accident & emergency medicine

9868. Polymyositis, cranial neuropathy, autoimmune hepatitis, and hepatitis C Full Text available with Trip Pro

Polymyositis, cranial neuropathy, autoimmune hepatitis, and hepatitis C 11203156 2000 11 06 2013 11 21 0003-4967 59 10 2000 Oct Annals of the rheumatic diseases Ann. Rheum. Dis. Polymyositis, cranial neuropathy, autoimmune hepatitis, and hepatitis C. 839-40 Marie I I Levesque H H Courtois H H François A A Riachi G G eng Case Reports Letter England Ann Rheum Dis 0372355 0003-4967 0 Anti-Inflammatory Agents VB0R961HZT Prednisone IM Anti-Inflammatory Agents therapeutic use Cranial Nerve Diseases (...) complications drug therapy Female Hepatitis C drug therapy etiology Hepatitis, Autoimmune drug therapy etiology Humans Middle Aged Polymyositis complications drug therapy Prednisone therapeutic use Treatment Outcome 2001 2 24 12 0 2001 2 28 10 1 2001 2 24 12 0 ppublish 11203156 PMC1753003

2000 Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases

9869. An evaluation of the analgesic effects of meloxicam in addition to epidural morphine/mepivacaine in dogs undergoing cranial cruciate ligament repair Full Text available with Trip Pro

An evaluation of the analgesic effects of meloxicam in addition to epidural morphine/mepivacaine in dogs undergoing cranial cruciate ligament repair The analgesic efficacy of an epidural morphine/mepivacaine combination alone versus epidural morphine/mepivacaine in combination with meloxicam administered prior to the onset of anesthesia was assessed in 20 dogs undergoing cranial cruciate ligament repair. Numerical and visual analog pain scores were performed prior to anesthesia and at 6, 8, 12 (...) hours (P < 0.05). No dogs receiving meloxicam required rescue analgesia, while 3 of 10 dogs in the epidural only group required rescue analgesia. Administration of meloxicam in addition to epidural morphine plus mepivacaine conveys improved analgesia as compared with epidural alone. Postoperative analgesia is reliably maintained for 24 hours following administration.

2003 The Canadian Veterinary Journal

9870. Canine cranial cruciate ligament rupture in profile Full Text available with Trip Pro

Canine cranial cruciate ligament rupture in profile 14601687 2004 01 30 2018 11 13 0008-5286 44 10 2003 Oct The Canadian veterinary journal = La revue veterinaire canadienne Can. Vet. J. Canine cranial cruciate ligament rupture in profile. 845-6 Harasen Greg G Animal Clinic of Regina, 1800 Garnet Street, Regina, Saskatchewan S4T 2Z2. eng Journal Article Review Canada Can Vet J 0004653 0008-5286 IM Age Factors Animals Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injuries Body Constitution Breeding Dog Diseases

2003 The Canadian Veterinary Journal

9871. Applications of Picture Processing, Image Analysis and Computer Graphics Techniques to Cranial CT Scans Full Text available with Trip Pro

Applications of Picture Processing, Image Analysis and Computer Graphics Techniques to Cranial CT Scans 12945813 2003 10 09 2018 11 13 0897-1889 16 1 2003 Mar Journal of digital imaging J Digit Imaging Applications of picture processing, image analysis and computer graphics techniques to cranial CT scans. 1979. 13-28; discussion 11-2 Lemke H U HU Stiehl H S HS Scharnweber H H Jackél D D eng Biography Classical Article Historical Article Journal Article United States J Digit Imaging 9100529 0897 (...) -1889 IM Computer Graphics history History, 20th Century Humans Image Processing, Computer-Assisted history Radiology Information Systems history Skull diagnostic imaging Tomography, X-Ray Computed history 2003 8 30 5 0 2003 10 10 5 0 2003 8 30 5 0 ppublish 12945813 10.1007/s10278-002-6030-9 PMC3045115 J Comput Assist Tomogr. 1977 Jan;1(1):155-60 615890

2003 Journal of Digital Imaging

9872. N-acetylcysteine enhances nitroglycerin-induced headache and cranial arterial responses. (Abstract)

N-acetylcysteine enhances nitroglycerin-induced headache and cranial arterial responses. The effects of N-acetylcysteine, a sulfhydryl group donor, on nitroglycerin-induced headache and dilation of temporal and radial arteries were investigated in 11 healthy volunteers. Nitroglycerin, 0.06 microgram/kg/min, was infused for 20 minutes immediately after and 120 minutes after pretreatment with N-acetylcysteine (100 mg/kg) or placebo. Arterial diameters were measured with high frequency ultrasound (...) , and pain was scored by use of a previously evaluated 10-point scale. Plasma levels of free (n = 2) and total (n = 11) N-acetylcysteine were determined. N-Acetylcysteine potentiated the headache response (median headache score, 3 versus 1), and the headache retained its vascular characteristics. Temporal artery dilation was also potentiated by N-acetylcysteine, 139% +/- 3% versus 127% +/- 3% of baseline, whereas the radial artery was unaffected. The potentiation was most pronounced after the first

1992 Clinical pharmacology and therapeutics Controlled trial quality: uncertain

9873. [Does an injection filter modify the cranial spread of a sensory blockade in epidural anesthesia?]. (Abstract)

[Does an injection filter modify the cranial spread of a sensory blockade in epidural anesthesia?]. In a prospective study we compared the spread of sensory blockade in epidural anaesthesia with and without Micropore filter.A total of 32 patients undergoing varicose vein stripping under epidural anaesthesia were randomly assigned to two groups of 16 each. Bupivacaine 0.75% and POR 8 (0.1 IU/ml) were administered by means of a constant-velocity perfusor. In group A a Micropore filter (...) was inserted between the perfusor syringe and the epidural catheter. In group B the epidural catheter was connected to the syringe without the filter. The puncture was performed at the L3-4 interspace with the patient in a sitting position. An epidural catheter was advanced 3 cm cephalad. Using the pin-prick method, the sensory level of the blockade was tested 5, 7, 10, 15, 20 and 30 min after injection of the local anesthetic solution. Statistical evaluation was performed with the t-test for unpaired

1992 Der Anaesthesist Controlled trial quality: uncertain

9874. Prevention of CNS disease in intermediate-risk acute lymphoblastic leukemia: comparison of cranial radiation and intrathecal methotrexate and the importance of systemic therapy: a Childrens Cancer Group report. (Abstract)

Prevention of CNS disease in intermediate-risk acute lymphoblastic leukemia: comparison of cranial radiation and intrathecal methotrexate and the importance of systemic therapy: a Childrens Cancer Group report. This study (Childrens Cancer Group [CCG]-105) was designed in part to determine in a prospective randomized trial whether intrathecal methotrexate (IT MTX) administered during induction, consolidation, and maintenance could provide protection from CNS relapse equivalent to that provided (...) by cranial radiation (CXRT) in children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) and intermediate-risk features.We randomized 1,388 children with intermediate-risk ALL to the two CNS regimens. They received either IT MTX at intervals throughout their course of therapy or CXRT (18 Gy) during consolidation with IT MTX during induction, consolidation, and delayed intensification. Systemic therapy was randomized to one of four treatment regimens derived from a regimen used by CCG in recent studies

1993 Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology Controlled trial quality: uncertain

9875. Effect of perioperative oral carprofen on postoperative pain in dogs undergoing surgery for stabilization of ruptured cranial cruciate ligaments. (Abstract)

Effect of perioperative oral carprofen on postoperative pain in dogs undergoing surgery for stabilization of ruptured cranial cruciate ligaments. A randomized, placebo-controlled, parallel study was conducted to investigate the effectiveness of oral carprofen for the control of postoperative pain in dogs undergoing knee surgery for stabilization of ruptured cranial cruciate ligaments. Dogs were randomly assigned to treatment with carprofen (n = 10) or placebo (n = 9). Pain was assessed at 1, 2 (...) , 4, 6, 24, and 48 hours and 10 and 21 days postoperatively. Eight of 10 dogs treated with carprofen and five of nine dogs treated with placebo were given at least one dose of morphine as rescue therapy. The mean relative dose of morphine given at 1 hour (P =.01) and 24 hours (P =.02) after surgery was greater for dogs treated with carprofen than for dogs given a placebo. There were no significant postoperative differences in cortisol levels or any measured variable. It appears that the scoring

2002 Veterinary therapeutics : research in applied veterinary medicine Controlled trial quality: uncertain

9876. Efficacy of oral calcium pentosan polysulphate for the treatment of osteoarthritis of the canine stifle joint secondary to cranial cruciate ligament deficiency. (Abstract)

Efficacy of oral calcium pentosan polysulphate for the treatment of osteoarthritis of the canine stifle joint secondary to cranial cruciate ligament deficiency. The efficacy of calcium pentosan polysulphate (CaPPS) as a slow-acting drug for the treatment of osteoarthritis of the canine stifle joint, secondary to cranial cruciate ligament deficiency, was tested in a double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial over a period of one year. Dogs with the deficiency were treated surgically (...) , matched for bodyweight, and randomly assigned to treatment or placebo groups. Active treatment began six weeks postoperatively and consisted of 10 mg/kg CaPPS orally, once weekly for four weeks, repeated every 12 weeks. The outcome was assessed in terms of function by the dogs' owners, by the radiographical grading of the osteoarthritis, and by the measurement of total sulphated glycosaminoglycans and the 5D4 epitope of keratan sulphate in the synovial fluids of affected joints. There were

2000 The Veterinary record Controlled trial quality: predicted high

9877. Advice on hair and scalp care during cranial radiotherapy: a prospective randomized trial. (Abstract)

Advice on hair and scalp care during cranial radiotherapy: a prospective randomized trial. The advice on hair washing during brain irradiation is aimed at minimizing radiation induced skin toxicity. We performed a prospective randomized trial to assess the effect of advice on scalp care on the local skin reaction in patients undergoing cranial radiotherapy.One hundred and nine patients undergoing cranial radiotherapy were randomized into two groups. Patients in group 1 were advised not to wash (...) hair during treatment and patients in group 2 to maintain normal pattern of hair washing. They were assessed weekly over a period of 10 weeks from the start of treatment. Symptoms of pain and itching were recorded using a modified RTOG/EORTC acute skin reaction scoring system and skin reaction was assessed clinically using erythema/desquamation score. The frequency of hair washing and the distress of changing the practice of normal hygiene were recorded on a diary card. Skin reaction scores were

2000 Radiotherapy and oncology : journal of the European Society for Therapeutic Radiology and Oncology Controlled trial quality: uncertain

9878. [Usefulness of tranexamic acid in cranial remodeling surgery]. (Abstract)

[Usefulness of tranexamic acid in cranial remodeling surgery]. To assess the usefulness of tranexamic acid (TA) in pediatric cranial remodeling surgery, by analyzing its effects on bleeding and transfusion requirements, number of days of cranial drainage required, and time spent in the postoperative recovery unit.A single-blind, controlled study was designed with 20 patients (10 cases and 10 controls) randomly assigned to receive or not receive 15 mg/kg of intravenous TA upon anesthetic (...) surgery. TA group patients also spent less time in the recovery unit (60 +/- 14 vs 72 +/- 11 hours). Blood test variables in TA-treated children were also better 24 hours after surgery with regard to hemoglobin (12.1 +/- 2 vs 11.6 +/- 1.3 mg/dL) and platelet (261 +/- 68.5 vs 181.6 +/- 58.1 platelets/mm3) concentrations, and cephalin time (33 +/- 12 vs 49 +/- 16 seconds). No complications related to TA treatment were observed.TA can reduce perioperative bleeding in the context of pediatric cranial

2003 Revista española de anestesiología y reanimación Controlled trial quality: uncertain

9879. BFM-oriented treatment for children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia without cranial irradiation and treatment reduction for standard risk patients: results of DCLSG protocol ALL-8 (1991-1996). Full Text available with Trip Pro

BFM-oriented treatment for children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia without cranial irradiation and treatment reduction for standard risk patients: results of DCLSG protocol ALL-8 (1991-1996). Modern treatment strategies, consisting of intensive chemotherapy and cranial irradiation, have remarkably improved the prognosis for children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia. However, patients with a potential for cure are at risk of severe acute and late adverse effects of treatment. Furthermore (...) , in 25-30% of patients treatment still fails. The objectives of the DCLSG study ALL 8 were to decrease the toxicity and to increase the effectivity of BFM-oriented treatment. Decrease of toxicity was aimed at by confirmation of the results of the previous DCLSG study ALL-7, showing that the majority (94%) of children with ALL can successfully be treated with BFM-oriented therapy without cranial irradiation, and by reduction of treatment for standard risk (SRG) patients. To increase the cure rate

2002 Leukemia : official journal of the Leukemia Society of America, Leukemia Research Fund, U.K Controlled trial quality: uncertain

9880. Cranial MRI scans are indicated in all girls with central precocious puberty. Full Text available with Trip Pro

age of onset of puberty was 6.2 years (range 2.0-7.9). Intracranial abnormalities were present in 10 (15%) patients (MR+), while 57 (85%) had no abnormalities (MR-). There was no statistical difference between MR+ patients and MR- patients at presentation with respect to age of onset of puberty, pubertal stage, bone age advance, pelvic ultrasound findings, or height or body mass index standard deviation scores (SDS).Girls with CPP should have a cranial MRI scan as part of their assessment since (...) Cranial MRI scans are indicated in all girls with central precocious puberty. (1) To assess the value of cranial magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans in the investigation of girls with central precocious puberty (CPP); and (2) to determine the clinical predictors of abnormal cranial MRI scans in these patients.A retrospective study of 67 girls diagnosed with CPP who underwent cranial MRI scans at diagnosis. Patients with neurological signs or symptoms at presentation were excluded.The mean

2003 Archives of Disease in Childhood

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