How to Trip Rapid Review

Step 1: Select articles relevant to your search (remember the system is only optimised for single intervention studies)

Step 2: press

Step 3: review the result, and maybe amend the or if you know better! If we're unsure of the overall sentiment of the trial we will display the conclusion under the article title. We then require you to tell us what the correct sentiment is.

9,987 results for

Cranial Nerve 10

by
...
Latest & greatest
Alerts

Export results

Use check boxes to select individual results below

SmartSearch available

Trip's SmartSearch engine has discovered connected searches & results. Click to show

9861. The electro-mechanical response of canine inspiratory intercostal muscles to increased resistance: the cranial rib-cage. Full Text available with Trip Pro

intercostals and caudal displacement of the rib was reproduced by isolated stimulation of the phrenic nerves. 6. The reflex facilitation of external intercostal and levator costae activities that takes place during inspiratory resistive loading thus results primarily from the collapsing action of the diaphragm on the cranial portion of the rib-cage and the consequent lengthening of these muscles. The mechanical effectiveness of this reflex facilitation, however, appears to be relatively small. (...) The electro-mechanical response of canine inspiratory intercostal muscles to increased resistance: the cranial rib-cage. 1. The effect of graded increases in inspiratory airflow resistance on the electrical activity and the mechanical behaviour of the three groups of inspiratory intercostal muscles (parasternal intercostal, external intercostal, levator costae) situated in the cranial portion of the rib-cage has been studied in ten anaesthetized, spontaneously breathing dogs. The mechanical

1992 The Journal of physiology

9862. Optic neuropathy associated with hypertrophic cranial pachymeningitis. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Optic neuropathy associated with hypertrophic cranial pachymeningitis. 8759274 1996 09 17 2018 11 13 0007-1161 80 6 1996 Jun The British journal of ophthalmology Br J Ophthalmol Optic neuropathy associated with hypertrophic cranial pachymeningitis. 574-5 Harada T T Ohashi T T Ohki K K Kato H H Takamura M M Yoshida K K Matsuda H H Sawamura Y Y Itoh T T eng Case Reports Letter England Br J Ophthalmol 0421041 0007-1161 IM Aged Central Nervous System Diseases complications pathology Dura Mater (...) pathology Female Humans Hypertrophy Orbital Diseases complications pathology Tomography, X-Ray Computed Vision Disorders diagnosis etiology 1996 6 1 1996 6 1 0 1 1996 6 1 0 0 ppublish 8759274 PMC505536 Cancer. 1972 Jan;29(1):252-60 5007387 J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry. 1975 Dec;38(12):1170-6 1219081 AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 1989 May-Jun;10(3):477-84 2501979 Hum Pathol. 1990 Sep;21(9):959-73 2394438 J Clin Pathol. 1995 May;48(5):395-7 7629280 Histopathology. 1993 Nov;23(5):417-24 8314214 Neuroradiology

1996 The British journal of ophthalmology

9863. Cranial magnetic resonance imaging in patients with tuberous sclerosis and normal intellect. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Cranial magnetic resonance imaging in patients with tuberous sclerosis and normal intellect. The pattern of cerebral hamartomas among a population of patients with tuberous sclerosis and normal intellect was determined. All patients with tuberous sclerosis over 5 years old with normal intellect who were resident in the Bath health district were offered cranial scanning by magnetic resonance imaging. Cerebral axial and coronal images were obtained in 10 mm contiguous sections with a Picker 0.5

1991 Archives of Disease in Childhood

9864. Emergency cranial computed tomography Full Text available with Trip Pro

Emergency cranial computed tomography 10921832 2000 11 29 2016 11 24 1351-0622 17 4 2000 Jul Journal of accident & emergency medicine J Accid Emerg Med Emergency cranial computed tomography. 309-10 Lambert K K Rickards M M Halford N N eng Letter Comment England J Accid Emerg Med 9433751 1351-0622 IM J Accid Emerg Med. 2000 Jan;17(1):15-7 10658984 Brain Diseases diagnostic imaging Emergency Service, Hospital Emergency Treatment Humans Practice Guidelines as Topic Reproducibility of Results (...) Retrospective Studies Subarachnoid Hemorrhage diagnostic imaging Tomography, X-Ray Computed United Kingdom 2000 8 2 11 0 2001 2 28 10 1 2000 8 2 11 0 ppublish 10921832 PMC1725426

2000 Journal of accident & emergency medicine

9865. Emergency cranial computed tomography in the management of acute febrile encephalopathy in children. Full Text available with Trip Pro

were included. Fourteen scans were abnormal and two had clinically insignificant incidental findings. Four children with focal neurological signs had scans demonstrating extra-axial collections. None required neurosurgical intervention. Clinically, raised intracranial pressure was present in 10 patients. Only five had cerebral oedema on computed tomography; these five children died. Emergency cranial computed tomography influenced subsequent management in no child without focal neurological signs (...) Emergency cranial computed tomography in the management of acute febrile encephalopathy in children. Evaluation of the influence of emergency cranial computed tomography on the management of acute febrile encephalopathy in children.A retrospective study in children with acute febrile encephalopathy who underwent emergency cranial computed tomography within 12 hours of admission to the paediatric intensive care unit. All scans were evaluated by two independent radiologists.Thirty nine children

1999 Journal of accident & emergency medicine

9866. Polymyositis, cranial neuropathy, autoimmune hepatitis, and hepatitis C Full Text available with Trip Pro

Polymyositis, cranial neuropathy, autoimmune hepatitis, and hepatitis C 11203156 2000 11 06 2013 11 21 0003-4967 59 10 2000 Oct Annals of the rheumatic diseases Ann. Rheum. Dis. Polymyositis, cranial neuropathy, autoimmune hepatitis, and hepatitis C. 839-40 Marie I I Levesque H H Courtois H H François A A Riachi G G eng Case Reports Letter England Ann Rheum Dis 0372355 0003-4967 0 Anti-Inflammatory Agents VB0R961HZT Prednisone IM Anti-Inflammatory Agents therapeutic use Cranial Nerve Diseases (...) complications drug therapy Female Hepatitis C drug therapy etiology Hepatitis, Autoimmune drug therapy etiology Humans Middle Aged Polymyositis complications drug therapy Prednisone therapeutic use Treatment Outcome 2001 2 24 12 0 2001 2 28 10 1 2001 2 24 12 0 ppublish 11203156 PMC1753003

2000 Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases

9867. Exposure of the Petrous Segment of the Internal Carotid Artery Through the Extradural Subtemporal Middle Cranial Fossa Approach: A Systematic Anatomical Study Full Text available with Trip Pro

Exposure of the Petrous Segment of the Internal Carotid Artery Through the Extradural Subtemporal Middle Cranial Fossa Approach: A Systematic Anatomical Study The relationships between the horizontal segment of the internal carotid artery (ICA) and other petrous apex structures was studied in 14 anatomical specimens obtained from routine autopsies and on 10 magnetic resonance images obtained from healthy volunteers. The dissection was performed under an operating microscope using the middle (...) fossa transpetrous approach. A pentagonshaped area of 67.91 mm(2) posterior to the trigeminal nerve and bordered by anatomical structures was identified inside the petrous apex. The results suggest a method for exposing the ICA when the artery is not visible after dural elevation.

2001 Skull Base

9868. An evaluation of the analgesic effects of meloxicam in addition to epidural morphine/mepivacaine in dogs undergoing cranial cruciate ligament repair Full Text available with Trip Pro

An evaluation of the analgesic effects of meloxicam in addition to epidural morphine/mepivacaine in dogs undergoing cranial cruciate ligament repair The analgesic efficacy of an epidural morphine/mepivacaine combination alone versus epidural morphine/mepivacaine in combination with meloxicam administered prior to the onset of anesthesia was assessed in 20 dogs undergoing cranial cruciate ligament repair. Numerical and visual analog pain scores were performed prior to anesthesia and at 6, 8, 12 (...) hours (P < 0.05). No dogs receiving meloxicam required rescue analgesia, while 3 of 10 dogs in the epidural only group required rescue analgesia. Administration of meloxicam in addition to epidural morphine plus mepivacaine conveys improved analgesia as compared with epidural alone. Postoperative analgesia is reliably maintained for 24 hours following administration.

2003 The Canadian Veterinary Journal

9869. Canine cranial cruciate ligament rupture in profile Full Text available with Trip Pro

Canine cranial cruciate ligament rupture in profile 14601687 2004 01 30 2018 11 13 0008-5286 44 10 2003 Oct The Canadian veterinary journal = La revue veterinaire canadienne Can. Vet. J. Canine cranial cruciate ligament rupture in profile. 845-6 Harasen Greg G Animal Clinic of Regina, 1800 Garnet Street, Regina, Saskatchewan S4T 2Z2. eng Journal Article Review Canada Can Vet J 0004653 0008-5286 IM Age Factors Animals Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injuries Body Constitution Breeding Dog Diseases

2003 The Canadian Veterinary Journal

9870. Applications of Picture Processing, Image Analysis and Computer Graphics Techniques to Cranial CT Scans Full Text available with Trip Pro

Applications of Picture Processing, Image Analysis and Computer Graphics Techniques to Cranial CT Scans 12945813 2003 10 09 2018 11 13 0897-1889 16 1 2003 Mar Journal of digital imaging J Digit Imaging Applications of picture processing, image analysis and computer graphics techniques to cranial CT scans. 1979. 13-28; discussion 11-2 Lemke H U HU Stiehl H S HS Scharnweber H H Jackél D D eng Biography Classical Article Historical Article Journal Article United States J Digit Imaging 9100529 0897 (...) -1889 IM Computer Graphics history History, 20th Century Humans Image Processing, Computer-Assisted history Radiology Information Systems history Skull diagnostic imaging Tomography, X-Ray Computed history 2003 8 30 5 0 2003 10 10 5 0 2003 8 30 5 0 ppublish 12945813 10.1007/s10278-002-6030-9 PMC3045115 J Comput Assist Tomogr. 1977 Jan;1(1):155-60 615890

2003 Journal of Digital Imaging

9871. Cranial dystonia, blepharospasm and hemifacial spasm: clinical features and treatment, including the use of botulinum toxin. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Cranial dystonia, blepharospasm and hemifacial spasm: clinical features and treatment, including the use of botulinum toxin. Blepharospasm, the most frequent feature of cranial dystonia, and hemifacial spasm are two involuntary movement disorders that affect facial muscles. The cause of blepharospasm and other forms of cranial dystonia is not known. Hemifacial spasm is usually due to compression of the seventh cranial nerve at its exit from the brain stem. Cranial dystonia may result in severe (...) disability. Hemifacial spasm tends to be much less disabling but may cause considerable distress and embarrassment. Patients affected with these disorders are often mistakenly considered to have psychiatric problems. Although the two disorders are quite distinct pathophysiologically, therapy with botulinum toxin has proven very effective in both. We review the clinical features, proposed pathophysiologic features, differential diagnosis and treatment, including the use of botulinum toxin, of cranial

1988 CMAJ: Canadian Medical Association Journal

9872. Cranial electrostimulation for headache: meta-analysis. (Abstract)

Cranial electrostimulation for headache: meta-analysis. 9442190 1998 02 03 2007 11 15 0022-3018 185 12 1997 Dec The Journal of nervous and mental disease J. Nerv. Ment. Dis. Cranial electrostimulation for headache: meta-analysis. 766-7 McCrory D C DC eng Comment Letter United States J Nerv Ment Dis 0375402 0022-3018 AIM IM J Nerv Ment Dis. 1995 Jul;183(7):478-84 7623022 Electric Stimulation Therapy Headache therapy Humans Meta-Analysis as Topic Migraine Disorders therapy Research Design

1998 The Journal of nervous and mental disease

9873. The effects of cranial TENS on measures of autonomic somatic and cognitive activity. (Abstract)

The effects of cranial TENS on measures of autonomic somatic and cognitive activity. Peripheral and central nervous system effects of the cranial application of sub-threshold transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS), of sinusoid waveform passed between earlobe electrodes at an AC frequency of 100 Hertz, were investigated. In a single-blind study, each of thirty healthy volunteer subjects was administered one 30 minute treatment of either active TENS, placebo TENS or no treatment (...) placebo TENS and no TENS. No significant placebo TENS effect was observed. Possible mechanisms of action of this form of cranial TENS on the peripheral and central nervous system are discussed.

1989 Acupuncture & electro-therapeutics research

9874. Reduced incidence of the somnolence syndrome in leukemic children with steroid coverage during prophylactic cranial radiation therapy. Results of a pilot study. (Abstract)

Reduced incidence of the somnolence syndrome in leukemic children with steroid coverage during prophylactic cranial radiation therapy. Results of a pilot study. Chemotherapeutic regimens for childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) include a remission induction period with high, daily doses of prednisone among other agents. A period of central nervous system (CNS) prophylaxis follows, during which steroids are often tapered entirely before cranial radiation (CRT) is completed or even (...) initiated. The somnolence syndrome (SS) has been described 4 to 6 weeks after completion of CRT in up to 60% of the children with doses as low as 1800 cGy. A pilot study of continuous steroid coverage during CRT in childhood ALL was conducted. From July 1984 to July 1986, 38 children entered on Children's Cancer Study Group ALL protocols received CRT of 1800 cGy (180 cGy x 10). All patients received oral prednisone throughout the entire course of CRT at daily doses varying from 3.0 to 60.0 mg/m2

1989 Cancer

9875. Safety and effectiveness of cranial electrotherapy in the treatment of tension headache. (Abstract)

16%. The difference in ordered outcomes was statistically significant (p = 0.004). Approximately 10% of patients in each group reported at least one minor adverse experience. Cranial electrotherapy stimulation is distinct from TENS, and is safe and often effective in ameliorating the pain intensity of tension headaches. It should be considered as an alternative to the chronic usage of analgesics. (...) Safety and effectiveness of cranial electrotherapy in the treatment of tension headache. One hundred patients were enrolled in a multicenter double-blind study to evaluate the safety and effectiveness of the Pain Suppressor Unit, a cranial electrotherapy stimulator for the symptomatic treatment of tension headaches. Treatment consisted of extremely low level, high frequency current applied transcranially. Pain scores before and after 20 minute treatments of individual headaches as well

1989 Headache

9876. Prevention of CNS disease in intermediate-risk acute lymphoblastic leukemia: comparison of cranial radiation and intrathecal methotrexate and the importance of systemic therapy: a Childrens Cancer Group report. (Abstract)

Prevention of CNS disease in intermediate-risk acute lymphoblastic leukemia: comparison of cranial radiation and intrathecal methotrexate and the importance of systemic therapy: a Childrens Cancer Group report. This study (Childrens Cancer Group [CCG]-105) was designed in part to determine in a prospective randomized trial whether intrathecal methotrexate (IT MTX) administered during induction, consolidation, and maintenance could provide protection from CNS relapse equivalent to that provided (...) by cranial radiation (CXRT) in children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) and intermediate-risk features.We randomized 1,388 children with intermediate-risk ALL to the two CNS regimens. They received either IT MTX at intervals throughout their course of therapy or CXRT (18 Gy) during consolidation with IT MTX during induction, consolidation, and delayed intensification. Systemic therapy was randomized to one of four treatment regimens derived from a regimen used by CCG in recent studies

1993 Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology Controlled trial quality: uncertain

9877. Prophylactic cranial irradiation in complete responders with small-cell lung cancer: analysis of the Mayo Clinic and North Central Cancer Treatment Group data bases. (Abstract)

Prophylactic cranial irradiation in complete responders with small-cell lung cancer: analysis of the Mayo Clinic and North Central Cancer Treatment Group data bases. To determine whether prophylactic cranial irradiation (PCI) has an impact on brain failure and survival in patients with small-cell lung cancer (SCLC) who have achieved a complete response to chemotherapy with or without thoracic radiation therapy (TRT).Between 1975 and 1990, the Mayo Clinic and North Central Cancer Treatment Group (...) entered 1,617 patients on 15 phase II and III SCLC protocols of chemotherapy with or without TRT and PCI.Of 772 patients with limited disease, 457 (59%) achieved a complete response, compared with 200 of 845 patients (24%) with extensive disease. With follow-up durations of 2 to 17 years (median, 4), the median survival time and 2-, 5-, and 10-year survival rates for the 457 completely responding limited-disease (LD-CR) patients were 19.6 months, 41%, 17%, and 5%, compared with 13.9 months, 26%, 8

1994 Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology Controlled trial quality: uncertain

9878. The use of cranial electrotherapy stimulation in the treatment of closed-head-injured patients. (Abstract)

The use of cranial electrotherapy stimulation in the treatment of closed-head-injured patients. This double-blind study sought to discover if cranial electrotherapy stimulation (CES), which is a known treatment of depression, anxiety and insomnia in non-head-injured patients, could be an effective, drug-free treatment of stress-related symptoms in the closed-head-injured (CHI) patient. In this study 10 CHI patients treated for 45 min daily, 4 days a week for 3 weeks, responded significantly

1994 Brain injury : [BI] Controlled trial quality: uncertain

9879. Prophylactic cranial irradiation for patients with small-cell lung cancer in complete remission. (Abstract)

Prophylactic cranial irradiation for patients with small-cell lung cancer in complete remission. Prophylactic cranial irradiation in patients with small-cell lung cancer decreases the overall rate of brain metastases without an effect on overall survival. It has been suggested that this treatment may increase neuropsychological syndromes and brain abnormalities indicated by computed tomography scans. However, other retrospective data suggested a beneficial effect on overall survival (...) for patients in complete remission.Our purpose was to evaluate the effects of prophylactic cranial irradiation on brain metastasis, overall survival, and late-occurring toxic effects in patients with small-cell lung cancer in complete remission.We conducted a prospective study of 300 patients who had small-cell lung cancer that was in complete remission. The patients were randomly assigned to receive either prophylactic cranial irradiation delivering 24 Gy in eight fractions during 12 days (treatment group

1995 Journal of the National Cancer Institute. Controlled trial quality: uncertain

9880. Intermediate-dose methotrexate versus cranial irradiation in childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia: a ten-year follow-up. (Abstract)

1976 and 1979 to receive intermediate-dose methotrexate (IDM) plus intrathecal methotrexate (IT MTX) or cranial radiation (CRT) plus IT MTX. After 10 additional years of follow-up, the pattern and significance of the results reported in 1983 are confirmed. IDM offered better hematologic protection (P < 0.0006), better testicular protection (P = 0.002), but CRT offered better central nervous system (CNS) protection (P < 0.0001). The retrieval rate for the 231 patients who relapsed while on therapy (...) Intermediate-dose methotrexate versus cranial irradiation in childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia: a ten-year follow-up. The cure rate of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) has improved dramatically. Still there is a paucity of long-term data. With the improving cure rate, the quality of life and avoidance of second cancers have become important concerns. We evaluated 596 children and adolescents with ALL on Cancer and Leukemia Group B 7611 (CALGB 7611) who were randomized between

1997 Medical and pediatric oncology Controlled trial quality: uncertain

To help you find the content you need quickly, you can filter your results via the categories on the right-hand side >>>>