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Cranial Nerve 10

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9841. Cranial MRI scans are indicated in all girls with central precocious puberty. Full Text available with Trip Pro

age of onset of puberty was 6.2 years (range 2.0-7.9). Intracranial abnormalities were present in 10 (15%) patients (MR+), while 57 (85%) had no abnormalities (MR-). There was no statistical difference between MR+ patients and MR- patients at presentation with respect to age of onset of puberty, pubertal stage, bone age advance, pelvic ultrasound findings, or height or body mass index standard deviation scores (SDS).Girls with CPP should have a cranial MRI scan as part of their assessment since (...) Cranial MRI scans are indicated in all girls with central precocious puberty. (1) To assess the value of cranial magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans in the investigation of girls with central precocious puberty (CPP); and (2) to determine the clinical predictors of abnormal cranial MRI scans in these patients.A retrospective study of 67 girls diagnosed with CPP who underwent cranial MRI scans at diagnosis. Patients with neurological signs or symptoms at presentation were excluded.The mean

2003 Archives of Disease in Childhood

9842. RSR13 plus cranial radiation therapy in patients with brain metastases: comparison with the Radiation Therapy Oncology Group Recursive Partitioning Analysis Brain Metastases Database. (Abstract)

Analysis Brain Metastases Database (RTOG RPA BMD).Eligibility criteria were age > or = 18 years, Karnofsky performance score > or = 70, and brain metastases with solid tumor histology. Patients received cranial RT, 30 Gy in 10 fractions of 3 Gy each, preceded by RSR13, 50 to 100 mg/kg intravenously over 30 minutes. Univariate and multivariate comparisons of survival and cause of death were made between class II study patients and RTOG BMD patients.Fifty-seven RPA class II patients were enrolled (...) RSR13 plus cranial radiation therapy in patients with brain metastases: comparison with the Radiation Therapy Oncology Group Recursive Partitioning Analysis Brain Metastases Database. This phase II, open-label, multicenter study assessed the efficacy and safety of the potential radiation enhancer RSR13 plus cranial radiation therapy (RT) in patients with brain metastases. The primary end point was patient survival in comparison with the Radiation Therapy Oncology Group Recursive Partitioning

2003 Journal of Clinical Oncology

9843. Microsurgical anatomy of the perigeniculate ganglion area as seen from the middle cranial fossa approach. (Abstract)

Microsurgical anatomy of the perigeniculate ganglion area as seen from the middle cranial fossa approach. The middle cranial fossa approach is useful for decompressing the perigeniculate ganglion area of the facial nerve in patients with serviceable hearing. The present study was designed to investigate the microsurgical anatomy of the perigeniculate ganglion area of the facial nerve from the point of view of the middle cranial fossa. We dissected 20 human temporal bones under a microscope (...) using a middle fossa approach, and measured the angle between the lines drawn from the malleus head to the vertical crest and from the malleus head to the geniculate ganglion, and the distance from the malleus head to the geniculate ganglion. These were found to be 22.7 degrees +/- 2.2 degrees and 6.5 +/- 0.3 mm, respectively. Detailed knowledge about the microsurgical anatomy of the perigeniculate ganglion area of the facial nerve from the point of view of the middle cranial fossa is imperative

2003 Rhinology and Laryngology

9844. The effect of cranial manipulation on the Traube-Hering-Mayer oscillation as measured by laser-Doppler flowmetry. (Abstract)

The effect of cranial manipulation on the Traube-Hering-Mayer oscillation as measured by laser-Doppler flowmetry. A correlation has been established between the Traube-Hering-Mayer oscillation in blood-flow velocity, measured by laser-Doppler flowmetry, and the cranial rhythmic impulse.To determine the effect of cranial manipulation on the Traube-Hering-Mayer oscillation.Of 23 participants, 13 received a sham treatment and 10 received cranial manipulation.Osteopathic Manipulative Medicine (...) Department, Midwestern University, Downers Grove, Ill.Healthy adult subjects of both sexes participated (N = 23).A laser-Dopper flowmetry probe was placed on the left earlobe of each subject to obtain a 5-min baseline blood-flow velocity record. Cranial manipulation, consisting of equilibration of the global cranial motion pattern and the craniocervical junction, was then applied for 10 to 20 min; the sham treatment was palpation only.Immediately following the procedures, a 5-min posttreatment laser

2002 Alternative Therapies in Health & Medicine

9845. Cranial irradiation in small cell lung cancer. (Abstract)

Cranial irradiation in small cell lung cancer. 1846550 1991 03 06 2018 11 13 0007-0920 63 1 1991 Jan British journal of cancer Br. J. Cancer Cranial irradiation in small cell lung cancer. 13-4 Gregor A A eng Clinical Trial Editorial Randomized Controlled Trial England Br J Cancer 0370635 0007-0920 IM Carcinoma, Small Cell radiotherapy Cranial Irradiation methods Humans Lung Neoplasms radiotherapy 1991 1 1 1991 1 1 0 1 1991 1 1 0 0 ppublish 1846550 PMC1971661 Cancer Res. 1989 Sep 15;49(18):5066 (...) Jan;7(1):105-9 6266988 Cancer. 1980 Jan 1;45(1):30-9 6243242 Fed Proc. 1984 Feb;43(2):214-9 6692941 Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys. 1980 Sep;6(9):1215-28 7007303 Cancer. 1980 Jul 15;46(2):279-84 6992979 Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys. 1979 Jul;5(7):941-5 229091 Cancer. 1978 Sep;42(3):1135-40 212171 JAMA. 1977 Jun 20;237(25):2730-3 577226 Cancer. 1973 Sep;32(3):585-97 4516634 J Clin Oncol. 1984 Oct;2(10):1151-6 6092552 J Clin Oncol. 1990 Feb;8(2):215-21 2153764 J Clin Oncol. 1990 Feb;8(2):196-9 2153762

1991 British journal of cancer Controlled trial quality: uncertain

9846. CARD15 mutations in familial granulomatosis syndromes: a study of the original Blau syndrome kindred and other families with large-vessel arteritis and cranial neuropathy. (Abstract)

CARD15 mutations in familial granulomatosis syndromes: a study of the original Blau syndrome kindred and other families with large-vessel arteritis and cranial neuropathy. To analyze the CARD15 gene in families with heritable multi-organ granulomatoses, including the original Blau syndrome kindred as well as other families with related granulomatous conditions.Linkage mapping was performed in 10 families. Observed recombination events were used to exclude regions centromeric or telomeric (...) for the R334W missense mutation; mutations at the same position were also observed in several unrelated Blau syndrome families, some of whose phenotypes included large-vessel arteritis and cranial neuropathy. The missense mutations segregated with the disease phenotype in the families, and were not seen in 208 control alleles.These findings demonstrate that CARD15 is an important susceptibility gene for Blau syndrome and for other familial granulomatoses that display phenotypic traits beyond those

2002 Arthritis and Rheumatism

9847. Immunohistochemical assessment of cranial suture development in rats. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Immunohistochemical assessment of cranial suture development in rats. The present study investigated, by immunohistochemistry, the postnatal occurrence and anatomical localisation of some bone and cartilage proteins and proteoglycans in the rat coronal sutural region. Thirty two Sprague-Dawley rats, four in each group, were killed at ages 3, 5, 8, 10, 15, 30, 50 and 100 days and the sutural region subsequently subjected to histological examination. The biochemical constituents investigated were

1990 Journal of anatomy

9848. Trichloroethylene cranial neuropathy: is it really a toxic neuropathy or does it activate latent herpes virus? Full Text available with Trip Pro

Trichloroethylene cranial neuropathy: is it really a toxic neuropathy or does it activate latent herpes virus? The mechanism of the cranial neuropathy associated with heavy exposure to trichloroethylene (or dichloroethylene) is unknown. In severe cases there is destructive spread of the neuropathic process from the Vth cranial nerve nuclei up and down the brain stem in a manner that is difficult to explain on accepted neurotoxicological principles. However, there is a close association reported

1989 Journal of neurology, neurosurgery, and psychiatry

9849. Spinal seeding in cranial germinoma. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Spinal seeding in cranial germinoma. 2310686 1990 04 20 2018 11 13 0007-0920 61 2 1990 Feb British journal of cancer Br. J. Cancer Spinal seeding in cranial germinoma. 339-40 Brada M M Rajan B B eng Letter England Br J Cancer 0370635 0007-0920 IM Brain Neoplasms radiotherapy Dysgerminoma radiotherapy Humans Neoplasm Seeding Pinealoma radiotherapy Spinal Neoplasms secondary 1990 2 1 1990 2 1 0 1 1990 2 1 0 0 ppublish 2310686 PMC1971394 Am J Roentgenol Radium Ther Nucl Med. 1967 Apr;99(4):826-32 (...) 6021386 Neurology. 1960 Nov;10:1031-6 13718837 Radiology. 1972 May;103(2):407-12 4537184 Cancer. 1976 Jun;37(6):2713-8 949690 Radiology. 1977 Jul;124(1):221-3 405710 J Neurosurg. 1978 Jan;48(1):99-107 619029 Radiology. 1978 Sep;128(3):745-51 674649 Cancer. 1979 Feb;43(2):698-701 105801 Radiology. 1979 Mar;130(3):757-60 424554 Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys. 1979 Apr;5(4):491-9 378914 Cancer. 1980 Sep 1;46(5):1253-7 7214306 Cancer. 1981 Aug 1;48(3):708-13 7248896 Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys. 1981 May;7

1990 British journal of cancer

9850. Cranial magnetic resonance imaging in chronic demyelinating polyneuropathy. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Cranial magnetic resonance imaging in chronic demyelinating polyneuropathy. Twenty one patients with chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyradiculoneuropathy (CIDP) and five patients with chronic demyelinating polyneuropathy associated with benign monoclonal paraproteinaemia none of whom had signs or symptoms of central nervous system disease, had cranial magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) on a 1.5 Tesla unit. Areas of increased white matter signal intensity were seen in one of 10 patients aged

1990 Journal of neurology, neurosurgery, and psychiatry

9851. Cranial herpes zoster: a case report and a hypothesis. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Cranial herpes zoster: a case report and a hypothesis. 7217963 1981 06 13 2018 11 13 0022-3050 43 12 1980 Dec Journal of neurology, neurosurgery, and psychiatry J. Neurol. Neurosurg. Psychiatry Cranial herpes zoster: a case report and a hypothesis. 1146-7 Ward C C Karsh J J Calne D B DB eng Case Reports Letter England J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry 2985191R 0022-3050 IM Adult Cranial Nerve Diseases diagnosis Facial Nerve Female Herpes Zoster diagnosis Humans Vestibular Nerve 1980 12 1 1980 12 1

1980 Journal of neurology, neurosurgery, and psychiatry

9852. Cranial computed tomography in the diagnosis of multiple sclerosis. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Cranial computed tomography in the diagnosis of multiple sclerosis. A group of 202 patients with suspected, probable or definite multiple sclerosis was studied, using cranial computed tomography (CT). Atrophy alone, or in combination with white-matter and periventricular lucencies, and areas of contrast enhancement, were the main abnormal findings in 52% of patients. Atrophy was detected in 44% of patients, and its frequency and severity correlated with disease duration up to 10 years, age

1982 Journal of neurology, neurosurgery, and psychiatry

9853. Otolaryngology—Epitomes of Progress: Computerized Cranial Tomography In Acoustic Tumor Diagnosis Full Text available with Trip Pro

Otolaryngology—Epitomes of Progress: Computerized Cranial Tomography In Acoustic Tumor Diagnosis 18748705 2010 06 30 2010 06 30 0093-0415 133 4 1980 Oct The Western journal of medicine West. J. Med. Otolaryngology-epitomes of progress: computerized cranial tomography in acoustic tumor diagnosis. 327-8 Brackmann D E DE Wong M M eng Journal Article United States West J Med 0410504 0093-0415 1980 10 1 0 0 1980 10 1 0 1 1980 10 1 0 0 ppublish 18748705 PMC1272321

1980 Western Journal of Medicine

9854. Cranial CT in the haemolytic uraemic syndrome. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Cranial CT in the haemolytic uraemic syndrome. A patient with the haemolytic uraemic syndrome and severe encephalopathy is described. The initial extensive brain hypodensity on CT scan was followed 10 days later by diffuse enhancement of the cerebral gray-white matter interface. A possible explanation for this phenomenon is suggested.

1984 Journal of neurology, neurosurgery, and psychiatry

9855. Comparison of the vasoconstrictor effects of rizatriptan and sumatriptan in human isolated cranial arteries: immunohistological demonstration of the involvement of 5-HT1B-receptors Full Text available with Trip Pro

Comparison of the vasoconstrictor effects of rizatriptan and sumatriptan in human isolated cranial arteries: immunohistological demonstration of the involvement of 5-HT1B-receptors We compared the vasoconstrictor effects of 5-HT with those of the selective 5-HT1B/1D-receptor agonists sumatriptan and rizatriptan in human isolated cranial (middle meningeal) arteries. In addition selective 5-HT1B- or 5-HT1D-receptor antibodies were used in combination with semiquantitative immunohistochemical (...) artery (ANOVA, F=7.95, DF=1,4, P<0.05).Rizatriptan and sumatriptan act selectively to cause vasoconstriction in human isolated middle meningeal artery and are 10-fold more potent than in human coronary artery. The higher level of expression of 5-HT1B-receptors in middle meningeal compared with coronary artery provides a pharmacological basis for the craniovascular selectively of both rizatriptan and sumatriptan.

1998 British journal of clinical pharmacology

9856. Release of immunoreactive substance P in the brain stem upon stimulation of the cranial dura mater with low pH – inhibition by the serotonin (5-HT1) receptor agonist CP 93,129 Full Text available with Trip Pro

Release of immunoreactive substance P in the brain stem upon stimulation of the cranial dura mater with low pH – inhibition by the serotonin (5-HT1) receptor agonist CP 93,129 1. The therapeutical benefit of serotonin (5-HT1) receptor agonists in the treatment of migraine headache has been attributed to their inhibitory effect on the release of pro-inflammatory neuropeptides from trigeminal afferents within the cranial meninges. The effect of 5-HT1 receptor agonists on the release (...) with acid phosphate buffered Tyrode solution (pH 5.8). This chemical stimulus increased the release of ir-SP in the medullary dorsal horn. 3. Systemic (i.v.) administration of CP 93,129 (460 nmol kg(-1)) prior to stimulation suppressed the stimulation-evoked increase of release of ir-SP. Local administration of CP 93,129 (10 microM) to the dorsal surface of the medulla had no significant inhibitory effect on the release. 4. It is concluded that systemically applied 5-HT1 receptor agonists reduce

1998 British journal of pharmacology

9857. Diagnosing rupture of the cranial cruciate ligament Full Text available with Trip Pro

Diagnosing rupture of the cranial cruciate ligament 12058576 2002 09 12 2018 11 13 0008-5286 43 6 2002 Jun The Canadian veterinary journal = La revue veterinaire canadienne Can. Vet. J. Diagnosing rupture of the cranial cruciate ligament. 475-6 Harasen Greg G Animal Clinic of Regina, 1800 Garnet Street, Regina, Saskatchewan S4T 2Z2. eng Journal Article Canada Can Vet J 0004653 0008-5286 IM Animals Anterior Cruciate Ligament surgery Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injuries Diagnosis, Differential (...) Dogs injuries surgery Lameness, Animal etiology Physical Examination veterinary Rupture diagnosis veterinary Tibial Meniscus Injuries 2002 6 13 10 0 2002 9 13 10 1 2002 6 13 10 0 ppublish 12058576 PMC339306 Vet Clin North Am Small Anim Pract. 1993 Jul;23(4):797-819 8337791 Vet Rec. 1998 Apr 4;142(14):366-8 9587199 Vet Clin North Am Small Anim Pract. 1993 Jul;23(4):717-33 8337786

2002 The Canadian Veterinary Journal

9858. Multiple cavernous haemangioma showing marked calcification on cranial radiography Full Text available with Trip Pro

Multiple cavernous haemangioma showing marked calcification on cranial radiography 11861711 2002 03 28 2017 11 14 0022-3050 72 3 2002 Mar Journal of neurology, neurosurgery, and psychiatry J. Neurol. Neurosurg. Psychiatry Multiple cavernous haemangioma showing marked calcification on cranial radiography. 410 Hagiwara N N Department of Neurology, Komoro Kousei General Hospital, Yoramachi 3-2-31, Komoro, Nagano, 384-8588, Japan. n-hagi@hsp.md.shinshu-u.ac.jp Yahikozawa H H eng Case Reports (...) Journal Article England J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry 2985191R 0022-3050 IM Adult Brain pathology Brain Neoplasms diagnosis Calcinosis diagnosis Female Hemangioma, Cavernous diagnosis Humans Magnetic Resonance Imaging Male Tomography, X-Ray Computed 2002 2 28 10 0 2002 3 29 10 1 2002 2 28 10 0 ppublish 11861711 PMC1737799

2002 Journal of neurology, neurosurgery, and psychiatry

9859. Prediction of neurodevelopmental outcome in the preterm infant: short latency cortical somatosensory evoked potentials compared with cranial ultrasound. Full Text available with Trip Pro

. As a predictor of cerebral palsy, SEPs had a sensitivity of 44% and a specificity of 92%. The presence of a large haemorrhage (grade IIb/III) or cystic leukomalacia on cranial ultrasound predicted cerebral palsy with a sensitivity of 73.6% and a specificity of 83.1%. These results demonstrate that the role of SEPs recorded after median nerve stimulation is limited in preterm infants. (...) Prediction of neurodevelopmental outcome in the preterm infant: short latency cortical somatosensory evoked potentials compared with cranial ultrasound. One hundred and twenty six preterm infants, with a gestational age of 34 weeks or less, were studied to compare the predictive value of somatosensory evoked potentials (SEPs) with that of cranial ultrasound. A normal N1 latency was no guarantee of a normal outcome, nor did a persistently delayed N1 latency always correlate with a poor outcome

1992 Archives of Disease in Childhood

9860. Reversible pituitary stalk enlargement in cranial diabetes insipidus. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Reversible pituitary stalk enlargement in cranial diabetes insipidus. 1744657 1992 01 14 2018 11 13 0022-3050 54 10 1991 Oct Journal of neurology, neurosurgery, and psychiatry J. Neurol. Neurosurg. Psychiatry Reversible pituitary stalk enlargement in cranial diabetes insipidus. 937-8 Teelucksingh S S Sellar R R Seckl J R JR Edwards C R CR Padfield P L PL eng Case Reports Letter England J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry 2985191R 0022-3050 ENR1LLB0FP Deamino Arginine Vasopressin IM Administration (...) , Intranasal Adolescent Deamino Arginine Vasopressin administration & dosage Diabetes Insipidus diagnosis drug therapy Female Follow-Up Studies Humans Magnetic Resonance Imaging Male Pituitary Gland drug effects pathology Tomography, X-Ray Computed 1991 10 1 1991 10 1 0 1 1991 10 1 0 0 ppublish 1744657 PMC1014588 Radiology. 1987 Nov;165(2):487-9 3659371 J Comput Assist Tomogr. 1979 Jun;3(3):309-16 312298 AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 1984 Jan-Feb;5(1):45-7 6421123 AJR Am J Roentgenol. 1985 Dec;145(6):1297-302

1991 Journal of neurology, neurosurgery, and psychiatry

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