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Cranial Nerve 10

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9841. Bedside sonographic measurement of optic nerve sheath diameter as a predictor of increased intracranial pressure in children (Abstract)

mm in older children was considered abnormal. The diagnosis of increased intracranial pressure was based on results of cranial imaging or direct measurement of intracranial pressure.Sixty-four patients were recruited, of whom 24 (37%) had a confirmed diagnosis of increased intracranial pressure. The sensitivity of optic nerve sheath diameter as a screening test for increased intracranial pressure was 83% (95% confidence interval [CI] 0.60 to 0.94); specificity was 38% (95% CI 0.23 to 0.54 (...) Bedside sonographic measurement of optic nerve sheath diameter as a predictor of increased intracranial pressure in children We investigate the test performance of emergency physician-performed sonographic measurement of optic nerve sheath diameter for diagnosis of increased intracranial pressure.Children between the ages of 0 and 18 years with suspected increased intracranial pressure were prospectively recruited from the emergency department and ICU of an urban, tertiary-level, freestanding

2009 EvidenceUpdates

9842. Treatment of medically intractable cluster headache by occipital nerve stimulation: long-term follow-up of eight patients. (Abstract)

Treatment of medically intractable cluster headache by occipital nerve stimulation: long-term follow-up of eight patients. Cluster headache is a form of primary headache that features repeated attacks of excruciatingly severe headache usually occurring several times a day. Patients with chronic cluster headache have unremitting illness that necessitates daily preventive medical treatment for years. When medically intractable, the condition has previously been treatable only with cranially (...) invasive or neurally destructive methods.Eight patients with medically intractable chronic cluster headache were implanted in the suboccipital region with electrodes for occipital nerve stimulation. Other than the first patient, who was initially stimulated unilaterally before being stimulated bilaterally, all patients were stimulated bilaterally during treatment.At a median follow-up of 20 months (range 6-27 months for bilateral stimulation), six of eight patients reported responses that were

2007 Lancet

9843. Prophylactic cranial irradiation in small cell lung cancer: a systematic review of the literature with meta-analysis

Prophylactic cranial irradiation in small cell lung cancer: a systematic review of the literature with meta-analysis Prophylactic cranial irradiation in small cell lung cancer: a systematic review of the literature with meta-analysis Prophylactic cranial irradiation in small cell lung cancer: a systematic review of the literature with meta-analysis Meert A P, Paesmans M, Berghmans T, Martin B, Mascaux C, Vallot F, Verdebout J M, Lafitte J J, Sculier J P Authors' objectives To determine the role (...) of prophylactic cranial irradiation (PCI) in small-cell lung cancer (SCLC). Searching MEDLINE was searched using the keywords 'small cell lung carcinoma' and 'prophylactic cranial irradiation'. Additional studies were identified from the personal bibliography of one of the authors, and references reported in the selected studies. Studies had to be published as a full paper in either French or English, and before January 2000, to be included in the review. Study selection Study designs of evaluations included

2001 DARE.

9844. Prophylactic cranial irradiation revisited: cost-effectiveness and quality of life in small-cell lung cancer

& Carcinoma, Small Cell /prevention & Confidence Intervals; Cost-Benefit Analysis; Cranial Irradiation /economics; Female; Humans; Lung Neoplasms /drug therapy /mortality; Male; Middle Aged; Prognosis; Quality of Life; Remission Induction; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Retrospective Studies; Survival Rate; control /drug therapy /mortality /secondary; control /secondary AccessionNumber 22002000189 Date bibliographic record published 31/10/2005 Date abstract record published 31/10/2005 NHS Economic (...) Prophylactic cranial irradiation revisited: cost-effectiveness and quality of life in small-cell lung cancer Prophylactic cranial irradiation revisited: cost-effectiveness and quality of life in small-cell lung cancer Prophylactic cranial irradiation revisited: cost-effectiveness and quality of life in small-cell lung cancer Tai T H, Yu E, Dickof P, Beck G, Tonita J, Ago T, Skarsgard D, Schmidt M, Schmid M, Liem J S Record Status This is a critical abstract of an economic evaluation that meets

2002 NHS Economic Evaluation Database.

9845. Optimal cost-effective timing of cranial ultrasound screening in low-birth-weight infants

, the results and conclusions followed by a detailed critical assessment on the reliability of the study and the conclusions drawn. Health technology Cranial ultrasound screening at 2 weeks of age (on day of life 10-14) in low-birth-weight infants (intervention) versuscranial ultrasound screening beginning in the first week of life and carried out in two stages involving ultrasound examinations on day of life (DOL) 4 or 5 and DOL 14 (comparator) for the detection of specific intracranial pathology in low (...) Optimal cost-effective timing of cranial ultrasound screening in low-birth-weight infants Optimal cost-effective timing of cranial ultrasound screening in low-birth-weight infants Optimal cost-effective timing of cranial ultrasound screening in low-birth-weight infants Boal D K, Watterberg K L, Miles S, Gifford K L Record Status This is a critical abstract of an economic evaluation that meets the criteria for inclusion on NHS EED. Each abstract contains a brief summary of the methods

1995 NHS Economic Evaluation Database.

9846. Vascular Decompression of Trigeminal and Facial Nerves in the Posterior Fossa under Endoscope-Assisted Keyhole Conditions Full Text available with Trip Pro

Vascular Decompression of Trigeminal and Facial Nerves in the Posterior Fossa under Endoscope-Assisted Keyhole Conditions The aim of this study was to determine the use and safety of the endoscope as an adjunct during trigeminal and facial nerve decompression procedures performed under keyhole conditions in the posterior fossa.We performed 67 surgeries in 65 patients with symptomatic trigeminal and facial nerve compression syndromes. The diagnosis was made mainly on the basis of clinical (...) and facial spasm, because of a megadolichobasilar and vertebral artery with compression of both cranial nerves.Sixty-four of the 65 patients became symptom free after surgical treatment; one revision surgery was necessary because of disappearance of the decompression muscle piece. No mortalities or minor morbidities were observed in this series.A precise planned keyhole craniotomy and the simultaneous use of the microscope and the endoscope render the procedure of the decompression less traumatic.

2008 Skull Base

9847. Benign Extracranial Nerve Sheath Tumors of the Skull Base: Postoperative Morbidity and Management Full Text available with Trip Pro

department over a period of 10 years were studied regarding the clinical, radiological, and pathological features and the operative and postoperative management. In the majority, these tumors originated from cranial nerves; postoperative complications were frequent and depended on the nerve of origin. Postoperative nerve deficit was apparent in 10 cases, and a second operation was necessary in 8 cases. The greatest postoperative morbidity was associated with the parapharyngeal NSTs (i.e., dysphagia in 30 (...) Benign Extracranial Nerve Sheath Tumors of the Skull Base: Postoperative Morbidity and Management The purposes of this retrospective case series study were to examine the outcome of the operative treatment of extracranial nerve sheath tumors (NSTs) of the skull base and to learn the optimal management. The study was conducted at a university teaching hospital and a regional referral center. A total of 19 cases of benign extracranial NSTs of the skull base who presented to the otolaryngology

2008 Skull Base

9848. Anatomical Course Demarcating the Safe Area for the Superior Gluteal Nerve Full Text available with Trip Pro

Anatomical Course Demarcating the Safe Area for the Superior Gluteal Nerve Iatrogenic injury to the superior gluteal nerve (SGN) persists despite a safe area being defined. Current descriptions of the course of the SGN are conflicting and do not provide agreeable distances to surface landmarks that are useful for most health care professionals. This study aimed to suggest a more conservative and gender-dependent estimate of the safe area between each buttock and genitals as defined by four bony (...) surface landmarks. The posterior and lateral surfaces of each buttock in eight cadavers, four male and four female, were dissected. The surface anatomy of sixteen SGNs was defined in relation to the quadrate tubercle of the intertronchanteric crest of the femur (QTIF), the most cranial ridge of the iliac crest (IC), the anterior superior iliac spine (ASIS) and the posterior superior iliac spine (PSIS). Between the sexes, no significant difference existed concerning average SGN lengths across each

2009 McGill Journal of Medicine : MJM

9849. Facial nerve paralysis: A three year retrospective study Full Text available with Trip Pro

Facial nerve paralysis: A three year retrospective study Of all the cranial nerves, the facial nerve is the one which is most commonly involved in disease. Facial paralysis leaves the patient severely disfigured. Timely diagnosis and treatment can lead to considerable recovery. 16 consecutive patients of facial paralysis of all age groups and due to different causes diagnosed and treated in a tertiary referral hospital have been studied retrospectively. The frequency of aetiological factors (...) , the various factors governing the management of these cases and their actual outcomes after a minimum period of one year are discussed. The causes of facial nerve palsy included cholesteatomas, Bell's Palsy, iatrogenic, traumatic, neuroma and others. In general, early reporting, diagnosis and surgical intervention wherever indicated have resulted in better recovery. Surgical decompression of the facial nerve traditionally advocated have been questioned. Rare causes of facial nerve paralysis like

2006 Indian Journal of Otolaryngology and Head & Neck Surgery

9850. Risk factors associated with vestibulocochlear nerve schwannoma: systematic review Full Text available with Trip Pro

intracranial benign tumors - representing 90% of the ponto-cerebelar angle tumors and from 8 to 10% of all the cranial tumors. It is unilateral in about 95% of the cases. Bilateral cases are usually associated with type II neurofibromatosis 1-5 . In most of the cases, this tumor starts between 20 and 60 years of age. It is not associated to any specific race 1,4,5 and it is more common in women at a 3:2 ratio. However, its unilateral manifestation seems to be more common in men 6 . The world incidence rate (...) Risk factors associated with vestibulocochlear nerve schwannoma: systematic review Risk factors associated with vestibulocochlear nerve schwannoma: systematic review Services on Demand Journal Article text in Indicators Cited by SciELO Related links Similars in SciELO Share Print version ISSN 1808-8694 On-line version ISSN 1808-8686 Braz. j. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) vol.75 no.4 São Paulo July/Aug. 2009 http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1808-86942009000400020 ORIGINAL ARTICLE Risk factors associated

2009 Brazilian journal of otorhinolaryngology

9851. A Randomized, Double-blind, Placebo-controlled, Multicenter Study of the Effects of Glatiramer Acetate (GA) on the Retinal Nerve Fiber Layer (RNFL) and Visual Function in Patients With a First Episode of Acute Optic Neuritis (AON). (Octagon)

: January 2018 Additional relevant MeSH terms: Layout table for MeSH terms Neuritis Optic Neuritis Peripheral Nervous System Diseases Neuromuscular Diseases Nervous System Diseases Optic Nerve Diseases Cranial Nerve Diseases Eye Diseases Glatiramer Acetate (T,G)-A-L Adjuvants, Immunologic Immunologic Factors Physiological Effects of Drugs Immunosuppressive Agents Antirheumatic Agents (...) A Randomized, Double-blind, Placebo-controlled, Multicenter Study of the Effects of Glatiramer Acetate (GA) on the Retinal Nerve Fiber Layer (RNFL) and Visual Function in Patients With a First Episode of Acute Optic Neuritis (AON). (Octagon) A Randomized, Double-blind, Placebo-controlled, Multicenter Study of the Effects of Glatiramer Acetate (GA) on the Retinal Nerve Fiber Layer (RNFL) and Visual Function in Patients With a First Episode of Acute Optic Neuritis (AON). (Octagon) - Full Text

2009 Clinical Trials

9852. Ultrasound-Guided Axillary or Infraclavicular Nerve Block for Upper Limb Surgery

Ultrasound-Guided Axillary or Infraclavicular Nerve Block for Upper Limb Surgery Ultrasound-Guided Axillary or Infraclavicular Nerve Block for Upper Limb Surgery - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting registration or results information. Search for terms x × Study Record Detail Saved Studies Save this study Warning You have reached the maximum number of saved studies (100). Please remove one or more studies before adding (...) more. Ultrasound-Guided Axillary or Infraclavicular Nerve Block for Upper Limb Surgery The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our for details. ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00724035 Recruitment Status : Completed First Posted : July 29, 2008 Last Update Posted : July 15, 2009 Sponsor: University of Parma Information provided

2008 Clinical Trials

9853. Vagus Nerve Stimulation for Treating Adults With Severe Fibromyalgia

are disabled, and about 45% collect Social Security Disability insurance. Conventional treatments, which include pharmacological and behavioral interventions, fail to provide adequate pain relief in more than half of FMS patients, strongly suggesting the need for improved treatment options. One such option is a treatment called vagus nerve stimulation (VNS), in which short bursts of electrical energy are directed into the brain by way of the vagus nerve. The vagus nerve is a cranial nerve that originates (...) Vagus Nerve Stimulation for Treating Adults With Severe Fibromyalgia Vagus Nerve Stimulation for Treating Adults With Severe Fibromyalgia - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting registration or results information. Search for terms x × Study Record Detail Saved Studies Save this study Warning You have reached the maximum number of saved studies (100). Please remove one or more studies before adding more. Vagus Nerve

2006 Clinical Trials

9854. Scalp Nerve Blocks for Post-Craniotomy Pain

by the research coordinator/bedside nurse. Pain will be also assessed at 5, 30 and 60 days postoperatively with the use of a Numeric Rating Scale (0-10). Study Design Go to Layout table for study information Study Type : Interventional (Clinical Trial) Actual Enrollment : 89 participants Allocation: Randomized Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment Masking: Quadruple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor) Primary Purpose: Treatment Official Title: Effect of Bilateral Scalp Nerve Blocks (...) ; inability to understand or incapacity to use the VAS; proven or suspected allergy to local anaesthetics; craniotomy incision extending beyond the field of the block; predicted need for postoperative ventilation; history of scalp paresthesia or scalp scarring that may preclude normal nerve anatomy; previous craniotomy or cranial irradiation; history of malignant hyperthermia, which would contraindicate the anaesthesia maintenance protocol of this study; pregnancy. Contacts and Locations Go to Information

2009 Clinical Trials

9855. Greater Occipital Nerve Block for Migraine Prophylaxis

Greater Occipital Nerve Block for Migraine Prophylaxis Greater Occipital Nerve Block for Migraine Prophylaxis - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting registration or results information. Search for terms x × Study Record Detail Saved Studies Save this study Warning You have reached the maximum number of saved studies (100). Please remove one or more studies before adding more. Greater Occipital Nerve Block for Migraine (...) ) Information provided by: Mayo Clinic Study Details Study Description Go to Brief Summary: Migraine is a common neurological condition that can be disabling, particularly if chronic. Greater occipital nerve (GON) block has been utilized for decades for the treatment of migraine in the absence of a single randomized, placebo-controlled trial documenting its effectiveness. Hypothesis: Greater occipital nerve block reduces the frequency of days with moderate or severe headache in patients with episodic

2009 Clinical Trials

9856. Neural Conduction Along the Visual Pathways After Oral Treatment With Citicoline in Patients With Optic Nerve Diseases

by Fondazione G.B. Bietti, IRCCS: Glaucoma Optic Neuropathy, Ischemic Visual Pathways, Optic nerve Neural conduction Additional relevant MeSH terms: Layout table for MeSH terms Glaucoma Optic Nerve Diseases Optic Neuritis Nervous System Diseases Optic Neuropathy, Ischemic Ocular Hypertension Eye Diseases Cranial Nerve Diseases Vascular Diseases Cardiovascular Diseases Cytidine Diphosphate Choline Nootropic Agents (...) Neural Conduction Along the Visual Pathways After Oral Treatment With Citicoline in Patients With Optic Nerve Diseases Neural Conduction Along the Visual Pathways After Oral Treatment With Citicoline in Patients With Optic Nerve Diseases - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting registration or results information. Search for terms x × Study Record Detail Saved Studies Save this study Warning You have reached the maximum

2006 Clinical Trials

9857. Neurotomy of Optic Nerve in Non-Arthritic Anterior Ischemic Optic Neuropathy

terms Ischemia Optic Nerve Diseases Optic Neuritis Optic Neuropathy, Ischemic Pathologic Processes Cranial Nerve Diseases Nervous System Diseases Eye Diseases Vascular Diseases Cardiovascular Diseases (...) Neurotomy of Optic Nerve in Non-Arthritic Anterior Ischemic Optic Neuropathy Neurotomy of Optic Nerve in Non-Arthritic Anterior Ischemic Optic Neuropathy - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting registration or results information. Search for terms x × Study Record Detail Saved Studies Save this study Warning You have reached the maximum number of saved studies (100). Please remove one or more studies before adding more

2006 Clinical Trials

9858. Controlled, clinical trial assessing saphenous, tibial and common peroneal nerve blocks for the control of perioperative pain following femoro-tibial joint surgery in the nonchondrodystrophoid dog. (Abstract)

Controlled, clinical trial assessing saphenous, tibial and common peroneal nerve blocks for the control of perioperative pain following femoro-tibial joint surgery in the nonchondrodystrophoid dog. To determine whether bupivacaine peripheral nerve block of the saphenous, tibial and common peroneal nerves proximal to the femoro-tibial joint reduces peri-operative pain following extracapsular surgical stabilization of cranial cruciate ligament rupture in the nonchondrodystrophoid dog.Forty-one (...) dogs with naturally acquired femoro-tibial joint instability. Study design Randomized, controlled, clinical trial.Dogs diagnosed with suspected cranial cruciate ligament injury based on physical and radiographic evidence were randomly assigned to treatment (bupivacaine) or control (saline) nerve blocks before femoro-tibial joint surgery. Pain scores, skin sensation, pain threshold to incisional pressure, time to first systemic 'rescue' opioid analgesic and total analgesic dose were evaluated for 24

2006 Veterinary anaesthesia and analgesia Controlled trial quality: uncertain

9859. Recurrent contralateral abducens nerve palsy in acute unilateral sphenoiditis. (Abstract)

demonstrated left-sided sixth cranial nerve palsy. Imaging studies were consistent with right sphenoid sinus inflammatory disease. Her medical history was significant for a similar episode 9 years previously, which was managed medically. The current episode was treated acutely with antibiotics and prednisone. Upon resolution of her symptoms, she underwent an endoscopic sphenoidotomy.Although cranial nerve palsies associated with isolated sphenoiditis have been reported, we describe a unique case (...) Recurrent contralateral abducens nerve palsy in acute unilateral sphenoiditis. We describe a patient who presented with recurrent, contralateral abducens nerve palsy resulting from acute sphenoiditis.Patient medical record and imaging studies were reviewed. A literature review of complications of sphenoiditis was performed.Our patient presented with symptoms consistent with an upper respiratory tract infection, as well as severe headache, disequilibrium, and diplopia. Physical examination

2009 American Journal of Otolaryngology

9860. Patients with chronic tension-type headache demonstrate increased mechano-sensitivity of the supra-orbital nerve. (Abstract)

+/-1.58) than controls (0.15+/-0.28) (P<.001). Within the CTTH group, intensity, frequency, and duration of the headaches were negatively correlated with PPT (rsor=0.72; P<.001).These findings reveal that mechanical hypersensitivity is not limited to muscles but also occurs in cranial nerves, and that the level of sensitization, either due to peripheral or central processes, is related to the severity of the primary headache. (...) Patients with chronic tension-type headache demonstrate increased mechano-sensitivity of the supra-orbital nerve. This study aimed to establish whether increased sensitivity to mechanical stimuli is present in neural tissues in chronic tension-type headache (CTTH).Muscle hyperalgesia is a common finding in CTTH. No previous studies have investigated the sensitivity of peripheral nerves in patients with CTTH.A blinded controlled study.Pressure pain thresholds (PPT) and pain intensity following

2008 Headache

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