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Cranial Nerve 10

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9821. Precraniate origin of cranial motoneurons Full Text available with Trip Pro

to the prosensephalic sensory vesicle) and coexpression of CiPhox2 and CiHox1, whose orthologues collectively mark the vertebrate hindbrain. These data unveil that the postmetamorphic ascidian brain, assumed to be a derived feature, in fact corresponds to the vertebrate hindbrain and push back the evolutionary origin of cranial nerves to before the origin of craniates. (...) Precraniate origin of cranial motoneurons The craniate head is innervated by cranial sensory and motor neurons. Cranial sensory neurons stem from the neurogenic placodes and neural crest and are seen as evolutionary innovations crucial in fulfilling the feeding and respiratory needs of the craniate "new head." In contrast, cranial motoneurons that are located in the hindbrain and motorize the head have an unclear phylogenetic status. Here we show that these motoneurons are in fact homologous

2006 Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America

9822. Major cranial changes during Triceratops ontogeny Full Text available with Trip Pro

Major cranial changes during Triceratops ontogeny This is the first cranial ontogenetic assessment of Triceratops, the well-known Late Cretaceous dinosaur distinguished by three horns and a massive parietal-squamosal frill. Our analysis is based on a growth series of 10 skulls, ranging from a 38 cm long baby skull to about 2 m long adult skulls. Four growth stages correspond to a suite of ontogenetic characters expressed in the postorbital horns, frill, nasal, epinasal horn and epoccipitals

2006 Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences

9823. Canine cranial cruciate ligament rupture in profile: 2002–2007 Full Text available with Trip Pro

Canine cranial cruciate ligament rupture in profile: 2002–2007 18309752 2008 03 24 2018 11 13 0008-5286 49 2 2008 Feb The Canadian veterinary journal = La revue veterinaire canadienne Can. Vet. J. Canine cranial cruciate ligament rupture in profile: 2002-2007. 193-4 Harasen Greg G Animal Clinic of Regina, 1800 Garnet Street, Regina, Saskatchewan S4T 2Z2. eng Journal Article Canada Can Vet J 0004653 0008-5286 IM Age Factors Animals Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injuries Breeding Canada Dog (...) Diseases epidemiology surgery Dogs Joint Diseases epidemiology surgery veterinary Osteotomy methods veterinary Rupture surgery veterinary Sex Factors Treatment Outcome 2008 3 4 9 0 2008 3 25 9 0 2008 3 4 9 0 ppublish 18309752 PMC2216436 Aust Vet J. 1995 Aug;72(8):281-5 8579557 J Am Vet Med Assoc. 2006 Jan 1;228(1):61-4 16426167 Vet Surg. 1998 Nov-Dec;27(6):533-9 9845216 Can Vet J. 2003 Oct;44(10):845-6 14601687 Can Vet J. 1995 Apr;36(4):250-1 7600520 J Am Vet Med Assoc. 2003 Jan 15;222(2):184-93

2008 The Canadian Veterinary Journal

9824. Cranial Electrotherapy Stimulation in Burned Patients

and anxiety. Mean Visual Analogue Scale of Pain (VAS-P) Before and After Cranial Electrotherapy Stimulation (CES). [ Time Frame: Blinded Period, Unblinded Period ] Subjects were asked to evaluate their pain intensity before and after each daily CES or sham treatment. Responses were scored on a scale ranging from 0 (indicating no pain) to 10 (worst possible pain). Mean Visual Analogue Scale of Anxiety (VAS-A) Before and After Cranial Electrotherapy Stimulation (CES). [ Time Frame: Blinded Period, Unblinded (...) Cranial Electrotherapy Stimulation in Burned Patients Cranial Electrotherapy Stimulation in Burned Patients - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting registration or results information. Search for terms x × Study Record Detail Saved Studies Save this study Warning You have reached the maximum number of saved studies (100). Please remove one or more studies before adding more. Cranial Electrotherapy Stimulation in Burned

2007 Clinical Trials

9825. Prophylactic Cranial Irradiation (PCI) for Small Cell Carcinoma of the Urothelium

Prophylactic Cranial Irradiation (PCI) for Small Cell Carcinoma of the Urothelium Prophylactic Cranial Irradiation (PCI) for Small Cell Carcinoma of the Urothelium - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting registration or results information. Search for terms x × Study Record Detail Saved Studies Save this study Warning You have reached the maximum number of saved studies (100). Please remove one or more studies before adding (...) more. Prophylactic Cranial Irradiation (PCI) for Small Cell Carcinoma of the Urothelium The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our for details. ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00756639 Recruitment Status : Active, not recruiting First Posted : September 22, 2008 Last Update Posted : April 19, 2018 Sponsor: M.D. Anderson Cancer Center

2008 Clinical Trials

9826. Repetitive Trans-cranial Magnetic Stimulation of the Motor Cortex in Fibromyalgia: A Study Evaluating the Clinical Efficiency and the Metabolic Correlate in 18FDG-PET

Repetitive Trans-cranial Magnetic Stimulation of the Motor Cortex in Fibromyalgia: A Study Evaluating the Clinical Efficiency and the Metabolic Correlate in 18FDG-PET Repetitive Trans-cranial Magnetic Stimulation of the Motor Cortex in Fibromyalgia: A Study Evaluating the Clinical Efficiency and the Metabolic Correlate in 18FDG-PET - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting registration or results information. Search for terms (...) x × Study Record Detail Saved Studies Save this study Warning You have reached the maximum number of saved studies (100). Please remove one or more studies before adding more. Repetitive Trans-cranial Magnetic Stimulation of the Motor Cortex in Fibromyalgia: A Study Evaluating the Clinical Efficiency and the Metabolic Correlate in 18FDG-PET The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been

2008 Clinical Trials

9827. Corticosteroids in Prevention of Facial Palsy After Cranial Base Surgery

. Corticosteroids in Prevention of Facial Palsy After Cranial Base Surgery The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our for details. ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00438087 Recruitment Status : Completed First Posted : February 21, 2007 Last Update Posted : July 10, 2012 Sponsor: Assistance Publique - Hôpitaux de Paris Information provided (...) by (Responsible Party): Assistance Publique - Hôpitaux de Paris Study Details Study Description Go to Brief Summary: Facial palsy after surgical removal of cranial base tumors adherent to the nerve can partly be explained by inflammation. Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase Facial Palsy Drug: methylprednisolone Phase 3 Study Design Go to Layout table for study information Study Type : Interventional (Clinical Trial) Actual Enrollment : 313 participants Allocation: Randomized Intervention Model

2007 Clinical Trials

9828. Surgery plus chondroprotection for canine cranial cruciate ligament (CCL) rupture: a proton-NMR study. (Abstract)

Surgery plus chondroprotection for canine cranial cruciate ligament (CCL) rupture: a proton-NMR study. Rupture of the cranial cruciate ligament (CCL) is one of the most frequent causes of lameness of the rear limb in the dog. Regardless of the type of treatment, CCL rupture inevitably leads to knee osteoarthritis (OA). The purpose of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of associating surgical treatment of spontaneous rupture of the CCL with a chondroprotector, that is called 'supraadditive (...) ' because it is formulated to counteract not only chondrodegeneration, but also the oxidative and inflammatory processes of OA. The open-label controlled study used proton NMR spectroscopy to evaluate the synovial fluid of the stifle of 10 dogs with monolateral rupture of the CCL, selected for the study based on specific inclusive criteria. The dogs were assigned randomly into two groups. Five dogs received the supra-additive chondroprotector for 60 days, starting on the day after surgery. Five dogs

2006 Veterinary and comparative orthopaedics and traumatology : V.C.O.T Controlled trial quality: uncertain

9829. High-frequency cranial electrostimulation (CES) in patients with probable Alzheimer's disease. (Abstract)

High-frequency cranial electrostimulation (CES) in patients with probable Alzheimer's disease. In a previous study, low-frequency cranial electrostimulation did not improve cognition and (affective) behavior in patients with probable Alzheimer's disease. In the present study, 21 Alzheimer's disease patients, divided into an experimental (n = 11) and a control group (n = 10), were treated for 30 mins/day, 5 days/wk, for 6 wks with high-frequency cranial electrostimulation. Similar

2006 American journal of physical medicine & rehabilitation / Association of Academic Physiatrists Controlled trial quality: uncertain

9830. Effects of high-frequency cranial electrostimulation on the rest-activity rhythm and salivary cortisol in Alzheimer's disease: a pilot study. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Effects of high-frequency cranial electrostimulation on the rest-activity rhythm and salivary cortisol in Alzheimer's disease: a pilot study. In a previous study, low-frequency (0.5 Hz) cranial electrostimulation (CES) neither improved the rest-activity rhythm nor reduced the level of salivary cortisol in patients with probable Alzheimer's disease (AD). To investigate whether the frequency of CES was responsible for these negative findings, we set out to examine the effects of high-frequency (...) CES on the rest-activity rhythm and salivary cortisol of patients with probable AD. We hypothesized that a decreased level of cortisol would parallel a positive effect of high-frequency CES on nocturnal restlessness in AD patients.Twenty AD patients were randomly assigned to an experimental group (n = 10) and a control group (n = 10). The experimental group was treated with high-frequency CES, the control group received sham stimulation, for 30 min a day, during 6 weeks. The rest-activity rhythm

2006 Dementia and Geriatric Cognitive Disorders Controlled trial quality: uncertain

9831. Comparisons of the effects of acupuncture, electroacupuncture, and transcutaneous cranial electrical stimulation on the minimum alveolar concentration of isoflurane in dogs. (Abstract)

Comparisons of the effects of acupuncture, electroacupuncture, and transcutaneous cranial electrical stimulation on the minimum alveolar concentration of isoflurane in dogs. To compare the effects of acupuncture (AP), electroacupuncture (EA), and transcutaneous cranial electrical stimulation (TCES) with high-frequency intermittent currents on the minimum alveolar concentration (MAC) of isoflurane and associated cardiovascular variables in dogs.8 healthy adult female Beagles.Each dog (...) was anesthetized with isoflurane on 4 occasions, allowing a minimum of 10 days between experiments. Isoflurane MAC values were determined for each dog without treatment (controls) and after treatment with AP and EA (AP points included the Large Intestine 4, Lung 7, Governing Vessel 20, Governing Vessel 14, San Tai, and Baihui) and TCES. Isoflurane MAC values were determined by use of noxious electrical buccal stimulation. Heart rate, mean arterial blood pressure (MAP), arterial blood oxygen saturation (Spo2

2005 American journal of veterinary research Controlled trial quality: uncertain

9832. Continuous positive airway pressure breathing increases cranial spread of sensory blockade after cervicothoracic epidural injection of lidocaine. (Abstract)

-9.8) in the control group and 10 (8-12) in the CPAP group (P = 0.13). The number of segments blocked cranial to the injection site was one (0.8-3.5) in the control group and five (3.5-7) in the CPAP group (P = 0.006). The number of patients with a maximal cranial block (up to C2) was one in the control group and seven in the CPAP group (P = 0.02). In both groups, there was a small but significant decrease from baseline in spirometry values, with no differences between groups.Applying CPAP during (...) Continuous positive airway pressure breathing increases cranial spread of sensory blockade after cervicothoracic epidural injection of lidocaine. Continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) increases the caudad spread of sensory blockade after low-thoracic epidural injection of lidocaine. We hypothesized that CPAP would increase cephalad spread of blockade after cervicothoracic epidural injection.Twenty patients with an epidural catheter at the C6-7 or C7-T1 interspace received an epidural dose

2007 Anesthesia and analgesia Controlled trial quality: uncertain

9833. Successful treatment without cranial radiotherapy of children receiving intensified chemotherapy for acute lymphoblastic leukaemia: results of the risk-stratified randomized central nervous system treatment trial MRC UKALL XI (ISRC TN 16757172). (Abstract)

Successful treatment without cranial radiotherapy of children receiving intensified chemotherapy for acute lymphoblastic leukaemia: results of the risk-stratified randomized central nervous system treatment trial MRC UKALL XI (ISRC TN 16757172). Concern about late adverse effects of cranial radiotherapy (XRT) has led to alternative approaches to eliminate leukaemia from the central nervous system (CNS) in childhood acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (ALL). The Medical Research Council UKALL XI trial (...) recruited 2090 children with ALL between 1990 and 1997. Median follow-up is 7 years 9 months; event-free survival (EFS) and overall survival were 63.1% and 84.6%, respectively, at 5 years and 59.8% and 79.4% at 10 years. The isolated CNS relapse rate was 7.0% at 10 years. Patients were randomized for CNS-directed therapy within white blood cell (WBC) groups. For WBC <50 x 10(9)/l, high-dose intravenous methotrexate (HDMTX) (6-8 g/m2) with intrathecal methotrexate (ITMTX) was compared with ITMTX alone

2004 British journal of haematology Controlled trial quality: uncertain

9834. [Effect of cranial needling combined with medicine on IL-6 in the patient of acute cerebral hemorrhage]. (Abstract)

[Effect of cranial needling combined with medicine on IL-6 in the patient of acute cerebral hemorrhage]. To explore the mechanism of cranial needling in treatment of acute intracerebral hemorrhage.Forty-three cases were randomly divided into a cranial needling plus medication group (n=21) and a medication group (n=22). The cranial needling plus medication group were treated with needling skull suture 4 days after the attack, once each day, for 10 sessions, on the basis of routine neurological (...) treatment measures. The medication group were treated with the routine neurological treatment measures. Changes of the scores of neural function defect and IIL-6 contents before and after treatment were compared.The IL-6 contents before and after treatment were (11.29 +/- 8.63) pg/mL and (1.91 +/- 1.02) pg/mL in the cranial needling plus medication group, and (12.15 +/- 7.23) pg/mL and (3.61 +/- 2.71) pg/mL in the medication group, respectively, with very significant differences before and after

2008 Zhongguo zhen jiu = Chinese acupuncture & moxibustion Controlled trial quality: uncertain

9835. A practice pathway for the initial diagnostic evaluation of isolated sixth cranial nerve palsies

A practice pathway for the initial diagnostic evaluation of isolated sixth cranial nerve palsies A practice pathway for the initial diagnostic evaluation of isolated sixth cranial nerve palsies A practice pathway for the initial diagnostic evaluation of isolated sixth cranial nerve palsies Miller R W, Lee A G, Schiffman J S, Prager T C, Garza R, Jenkins P F, Sforza P, Verm A, Kaufman D, Robinson W, Eggenberger E, Tang R A Record Status This is a critical abstract of an economic evaluation (...) the clinical certainty of the pathway recommendations". Source of funding Supported in part by an unrestricted grant from Research to Prevent Blindness, Inc, New York, NY and a grant from the Baylor Neuro- ophthalmology Academic Fund, Houston, Texas. Bibliographic details Miller R W, Lee A G, Schiffman J S, Prager T C, Garza R, Jenkins P F, Sforza P, Verm A, Kaufman D, Robinson W, Eggenberger E, Tang R A. A practice pathway for the initial diagnostic evaluation of isolated sixth cranial nerve palsies

1999 NHS Economic Evaluation Database.

9836. Comparison of intermediate-dose methotrexate with cranial irradiation for the post-induction treatment of acute lymphocytic leukemia in children. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Comparison of intermediate-dose methotrexate with cranial irradiation for the post-induction treatment of acute lymphocytic leukemia in children. We compared two regimens with respect to their ability to prolong disease-free survival in 506 children and adolescents with acute lymphocytic leukemia. All responders to induction therapy were randomized to treatment with 2400 rad of cranial irradiation plus intrathecal methotrexate or to treatment with intermediate-dose methotrexate plus intrathecal (...) was higher in the methotrexate group (23 of 117) than in the irradiation group (8 of 120) (P = 0.01). Among patients with increased risk, radiation offered greater protection to the central nervous system than methotrexate (P = 0.03); there was no difference in the rate of hematologic relapse. In both risk strata the frequency of testicular relapse was significantly lower in the methotrexate group (1 patient) than the radiation group (10 patients) (P = 0.01). Methotrexate offered better protection

1983 NEJM Controlled trial quality: uncertain

9837. Cranial irradiation in cancer of the lung of all cell types. (Abstract)

able to be evaluated. The rate of clinical brain metastasis was 26% for patients with small cell carcinoma vs 10% for the "non-small-cell" group. A statistically insignificant decrease in the rate of brain metastasis was found among irradiated patients with small cell carcinoma. The frequency of brain metastasis in the non-small-cell patients was reduced from 13% to 6% by irradiation. Prophylactic cranial irradiation can decrease morbidity from non-small-cell carcinoma of the lung. (...) Cranial irradiation in cancer of the lung of all cell types. The Veterans Administration Lung Group conducted a prospective study of irradiation for subclinical brain metastases in patients with inoperable carcinoma of the lung between 1975 and 1978. Patients were randomized to receive whole-brain irradiation (2,000 rads in two weeks) or no brain treatment, and to receive one of two regimens of thoracic irradiation. Three hundred twenty-three patients with normal radionuclide brain scans were

1981 JAMA Controlled trial quality: uncertain

9838. Cranial Diabetes Insipidus

in tuberculous meningitis, multiple sclerosis and neurosarcoidosis. Epidemiology [ ] The combined prevalence of cranial DI and nephrogenic DI combined is estimated at 1 in 25,000. DI can complicate up to 1 in 30,000 pregnancies. [ ] Nephrogenic DI is the most common adverse effect of lithium and occurs in up to 40% of patients. [ ] Inherited causes account for approximately less than 10% of all cases of DI. Causes of diabetes insipidus [ , ] Cranial DI This is usually due to disease of the hypothalamus (...) Cranial Diabetes Insipidus Diabetes Insipidus. Diabetes symptoms and information | Patient TOPICS Try our Symptom Checker TREATMENT RESOURCES Try our Symptom Checker PROFESSIONAL Upgrade to Patient Pro / / Search Diabetes Insipidus Authored by , Reviewed by | Last edited 18 Dec 2015 | Certified by This article is for Medical Professionals Professional Reference articles are designed for health professionals to use. They are written by UK doctors and based on research evidence, UK and European

2008 Mentor

9839. Giant Cell (Cranial) Arteritis

of the branches of the ophthalmic artery, leading to ischaemic optic neuritis. Occur in around 50% of cases. Central retinal artery thrombosis can also occur. Visual manifestations include blurred vision, amaurosis fugax, transient or permanent visual loss, or diplopia (due to third, fourth, or sixth cranial nerve palsy). These symptoms can occur in the absence of, or before the development of, headache. If GCA remains untreated, the second eye may become affected within 1-2 weeks. Systemic symptoms (similar (...) Giant Cell (Cranial) Arteritis Giant Cell Arteritis (Temporal Arteritis) | Doctor | Patient TOPICS Try our Symptom Checker TREATMENT RESOURCES Try our Symptom Checker PROFESSIONAL Upgrade to Patient Pro / / Search Giant Cell Arteritis Authored by , Reviewed by | Last edited 2 Nov 2016 | Certified by This article is for Medical Professionals Professional Reference articles are designed for health professionals to use. They are written by UK doctors and based on research evidence, UK and European

2008 Mentor

9840. Cranial MRI scans are indicated in all girls with central precocious puberty. Full Text available with Trip Pro

age of onset of puberty was 6.2 years (range 2.0-7.9). Intracranial abnormalities were present in 10 (15%) patients (MR+), while 57 (85%) had no abnormalities (MR-). There was no statistical difference between MR+ patients and MR- patients at presentation with respect to age of onset of puberty, pubertal stage, bone age advance, pelvic ultrasound findings, or height or body mass index standard deviation scores (SDS).Girls with CPP should have a cranial MRI scan as part of their assessment since (...) Cranial MRI scans are indicated in all girls with central precocious puberty. (1) To assess the value of cranial magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans in the investigation of girls with central precocious puberty (CPP); and (2) to determine the clinical predictors of abnormal cranial MRI scans in these patients.A retrospective study of 67 girls diagnosed with CPP who underwent cranial MRI scans at diagnosis. Patients with neurological signs or symptoms at presentation were excluded.The mean

2003 Archives of Disease in Childhood

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