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Cranial Nerve 10

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9741. Bilateral infarction of the rostral pontine tegmentum as a cause of isolated bilateral supranuclear sixth nerve palsy related to hypertension. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Bilateral infarction of the rostral pontine tegmentum as a cause of isolated bilateral supranuclear sixth nerve palsy related to hypertension. 8708673 1996 09 10 2018 11 13 0022-3050 60 2 1996 Feb Journal of neurology, neurosurgery, and psychiatry J. Neurol. Neurosurg. Psychiatry Bilateral infarction of the rostral pontine tegmentum as a cause of isolated bilateral supranuclear sixth nerve palsy related to hypertension. 238-9 Lopez J M JM Pego Reigosa R R Alonso Losada G G Lopez Facal S S Marin (...) Sanchez M M Martinez Muñiz A A eng Case Reports Letter England J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry 2985191R 0022-3050 IM Abducens Nerve Cerebral Infarction pathology Cranial Nerve Diseases complications etiology Humans Hypertension complications pathology Magnetic Resonance Imaging Male Middle Aged Paralysis etiology Pons pathology 1996 2 1 1996 2 1 0 1 1996 2 1 0 0 ppublish 8708673 PMC1073824 Brain. 1984 Jun;107 ( Pt 2):619-36 6722520 Annu Rev Neurosci. 1985;8:307-37 3920944 J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry

1996 Journal of neurology, neurosurgery, and psychiatry

9742. Oral inoculation with herpes simplex virus type 1 infects enteric neuron and mucosal nerve fibers within the gastrointestinal tract in mice. Full Text available with Trip Pro

to nerves within the gut wall and establishes a latent infection in sensory ganglia (nodose ganglia) of the tenth cranial nerve (R. M. Gesser, T. Valyi-Nagy, S. M. Altschuler, and N. W. Fraser, J. Gen. Virol. 75:2379-2386, 1994). Peripheral processes of neurons in these ganglia travel through the vagus nerve and function as primary sensory receptors in most of the gastrointestinal tract, relaying information from the gut wall and mucosal surface to secondary neurons within the brain stem. In the work (...) Oral inoculation with herpes simplex virus type 1 infects enteric neuron and mucosal nerve fibers within the gastrointestinal tract in mice. Herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) is commonly encountered first during childhood as an oral infection. After this initial infection resolves, the virus remains in a latent form within innervating sensory ganglia for the life of the host. We have previously shown, using a murine model, that HSV-1 placed within the lumen of the esophagus gains access

1996 Journal of virology

9743. Isolated oculomotor nerve palsy from minor head trauma. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Isolated oculomotor nerve palsy from minor head trauma. Isolated third cranial nerve palsies in head trauma patients can be the result of direct or indirect damage to the oculomotor nerve. They are usually associated with severe head trauma. We reported a case of isolated oculomotor nerve palsy associated with minor head injury. No initial loss of consciousness was recalled. Computed tomography (CT), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and magnetic resonance angiography (MRA) of the brain were (...) normal. Previous reports in the literature were reviewed and the possible mechanism of injury was discussed. Head injuries are commonly seen in sports settings. Our case illustrated that even minor head trauma can cause isolated oculomotor nerve palsy in the absence of abnormal brain imaging findings.

2005 British Journal of Sports Medicine

9744. Neurotrophic keratitis presenting in infancy with involvement of the motor component of the trigeminal nerve. Full Text available with Trip Pro

, Preschool Cranial Nerve Diseases diagnostic imaging Female Humans Keratitis diagnostic imaging Nasopharynx diagnostic imaging Pain Threshold Tomography, X-Ray Computed Trigeminal Nerve diagnostic imaging 1993 10 1 1993 10 1 0 1 1993 10 1 0 0 ppublish 8218042 PMC504616 Am J Ophthalmol. 1972 May;73(5):670-2 4537353 Am J Ophthalmol. 1972 Aug;74(2):334-5 4115474 Am J Ophthalmol. 1974 Jun;77(6):880-90 4365663 Am J Ophthalmol. 1977 Oct;84(4):496-500 333920 Arch Ophthalmol. 1979 May;97(5):872-4 444121 Arch (...) Neurotrophic keratitis presenting in infancy with involvement of the motor component of the trigeminal nerve. 8218042 1993 12 14 2018 11 13 0007-1161 77 10 1993 Oct The British journal of ophthalmology Br J Ophthalmol Neurotrophic keratitis presenting in infancy with involvement of the motor component of the trigeminal nerve. 679-80 Heath J D JD University Hospital of Wales, Heath Park, Cardiff. Long G G eng Case Reports Journal Article England Br J Ophthalmol 0421041 0007-1161 IM Child

1993 The British journal of ophthalmology

9745. Factor XII deficiency and recurrent sixth nerve palsy Full Text available with Trip Pro

Factor XII deficiency and recurrent sixth nerve palsy 12598465 2003 04 22 2018 11 13 0007-1161 87 3 2003 Mar The British journal of ophthalmology Br J Ophthalmol Factor XII deficiency and recurrent sixth nerve palsy. 369-70 Kipioti A A Backhouse O C OC Jacobs P M PM Howard M R MR eng Case Reports Letter England Br J Ophthalmol 0421041 0007-1161 IM Cranial Nerve Diseases etiology Diplopia etiology Factor XII Deficiency blood complications Humans Male Middle Aged Recurrence 2003 2 25 4 0 2003 4

2003 The British journal of ophthalmology

9746. The spinal accessory nerve plexus, the trapezius muscle, and shoulder stabilization after radical neck cancer surgery. Full Text available with Trip Pro

The spinal accessory nerve plexus, the trapezius muscle, and shoulder stabilization after radical neck cancer surgery. A clinical and anatomic study of the spinal accessory, the eleventh cranial nerve, and trapezius muscle function of patients who had radical neck cancer surgery was conducted. This study was done not only to document the indispensibility of the trapezius muscle to shoulder-girdle stability, but also to clarify the role of the eleventh cranial nerve in the variable motor (...) and sensory changes occurring after the loss of this muscle. Seventeen male patients, 49-69 years of age, (average of 60 years of age) undergoing a total of 23 radical neck dissections were examined for upper extremity function, particularly in regard to the trapezius muscle, and for subjective signs of pain. The eleventh nerve, usually regarded as the sole motor innervation to the trapezius, was cut in 17 instances because of tumor involvement. Dissection of four fresh and 30 preserved adult cadavers

1988 Annals of Surgery

9747. Optic nerve glioma and neovascular glaucoma: report of a case. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Optic nerve glioma and neovascular glaucoma: report of a case. 6174146 1982 05 27 2018 11 13 0007-1161 66 2 1982 Feb The British journal of ophthalmology Br J Ophthalmol Optic nerve glioma and neovascular glaucoma: report of a case. 96-8 Buchanan T A TA Hoyt W F WF eng Case Reports Journal Article Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't England Br J Ophthalmol 0421041 0007-1161 IM Blindness etiology Child Cranial Nerve Neoplasms complications Female Glaucoma etiology Glioma complications Humans Iris (...) blood supply Neovascularization, Pathologic Optic Nerve Diseases complications Papilledema etiology 1982 2 1 1982 2 1 0 1 1982 2 1 0 0 ppublish 6174146 PMC1039727 Am J Ophthalmol. 1965 Apr;59:625-34 14275465 Arch Ophthalmol. 1972 Mar;87(3):301-4 5015219 Ophthalmologica. 1976;172(1):1-13 1250571 Am J Ophthalmol. 1957 Oct;44(4 Pt 2):7-17 13469948 Br J Ophthalmol. 1969 Dec;53(12):793-8 5386369 Am J Ophthalmol. 1967 Mar;63(3):487-95 6019536 Am J Ophthalmol. 1972 May;73(5):651-7 5028979 Br J Ophthalmol

1982 The British journal of ophthalmology

9748. Arachnoid hyperplasia in optic nerve glioma. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Arachnoid hyperplasia in optic nerve glioma. 7426583 1981 01 29 2018 11 13 0007-1161 64 8 1980 Aug The British journal of ophthalmology Br J Ophthalmol Arachnoid hyperplasia in optic nerve glioma. 638-40 Zimmerman L E LE eng Case Reports Letter England Br J Ophthalmol 0421041 0007-1161 IM Adolescent Adult Arachnoid pathology Child Child, Preschool Cranial Nerve Neoplasms pathology Diagnostic Errors Glioma pathology Humans Hyperplasia Meningeal Neoplasms pathology Meningioma pathology Optic (...) Nerve Diseases pathology 1980 8 1 1980 8 1 0 1 1980 8 1 0 0 ppublish 7426583 PMC1043780 Trans Am Ophthalmol Soc. 1972;70:490-528 4663681 Arch Ophthalmol. 1974 Jan;91(1):24-8 4202807 Br J Ophthalmol. 1977 Jun;61(6):390-3 871466 Trans Sect Ophthalmol Am Acad Ophthalmol Otolaryngol. 1977 Jul-Aug;83(4 Pt 1):617-25 898481 Br J Ophthalmol. 1979 Sep;63(9):596-9 486377

1980 The British journal of ophthalmology

9749. Anatomy of the extraneural blood supply to the intracranial oculomotor nerve. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Anatomy of the extraneural blood supply to the intracranial oculomotor nerve. An anatomical study was undertaken to determine the extraneural blood supply to the intracranial oculomotor nerve.Human tissue blocks containing brainstem, cranial nerves II-VI, body of sphenoid, and associated cavernous sinuses were obtained, injected with contrast material, and dissected using a stereoscopic microscope.Eleven oculomotor nerves were dissected, the intracranial part being divided into proximal, middle (...) , and distal (intracavernous) parts. The proximal part of the intracranial oculomotor nerve received extraneural nutrient arterioles from thalamoperforating arteries in all specimens and in six nerves this blood supply was supplemented by branches from other brainstem vessels. Four nerves were seen to be penetrated by branches of brainstem vessels and these penetrating arteries also supplied nutrient arterioles. The middle part of the intracranial oculomotor nerve did not receive nutrient arterioles from

1996 The British journal of ophthalmology

9750. Early effects of nucleus pulposus application on spinal nerve root morphology and function Full Text available with Trip Pro

. A total of 12 pigs was used. In ten pigs, autologous nucleus pulposus (NP) was applied epidurally on the cauda equina. Nerve function was then monitored for 3 h by measurements of muscle action potentials (MAP) in the tail muscles, following nerve root stimulation cranial to the exposed zone. In five of the ten pigs with NP application, nerve root compression to 50 mm Hg was added by means of an inflatable balloon. In two control animals, neither NP nor compression was applied. At the end point, nerve (...) Early effects of nucleus pulposus application on spinal nerve root morphology and function It is known that 24 h or more after epidural application of autologous nucleus pulposus, functional and structural changes are established in adjacent nerve roots. It is, however, not known how soon after the application these changes appear. The aim of this study was to reduce the exposure duration to 3 h and to evaluate nerve function and histological changes in the nerve tissue during this time period

1998 European Spine Journal

9751. Mild head injury with isolated third nerve palsy Full Text available with Trip Pro

Mild head injury with isolated third nerve palsy Traumatic isolated cranial nerve palsies are uncommon and when they do occur, they are usually associated with severe head trauma. Cranial nerve palsy associated with mild head injury is rare. A case is reported of complete left third nerve palsy associated with mild head injury. The rate of recovery for complete third nerve palsy is slow and prolonged. The ptosis recovered in 10 months; the divergent squint required botulinum toxin

2001 Emergency Medicine Journal : EMJ

9752. Fully Endoscopic Vascular Decompression of the Facial Nerve for Hemifacial Spasm Full Text available with Trip Pro

Fully Endoscopic Vascular Decompression of the Facial Nerve for Hemifacial Spasm Hemifacial spasm is an uncommon disorder manifesting as a unilateral, involuntary, sporadic contraction of the musculature innervated by the seventh cranial nerve. Although debated, the etiology of hemifacial spasm is generally accepted as compression of the facial nerve by vessels of the posterior circulation. Early surgical techniques were ineffective and fraught with morbidity. Over the past 25 years (...) microvascular decompression surgery has allowed the safe and effective treatment of hemifacial spasm. Recent reports combining microsurgical and endoscopic techniques have documented the advantages of the endoscope in exposing the anatomy of this region. Enhanced visualization allows a less traumatic dissection and increases the surgeon's ability to locate nerve-vessel conflicts often difficult to identify through the limited view of the microscope. This article reviews the history of hemifacial spasm

2001 Skull Base

9753. A CASE OF LEPTOMENINGEAL DISEASE PRESENTING AS A LUMBAR NERVE ROOT RADICULOPATHY: A Case Report Full Text available with Trip Pro

A CASE OF LEPTOMENINGEAL DISEASE PRESENTING AS A LUMBAR NERVE ROOT RADICULOPATHY: A Case Report Objective: To discuss a case of leptomenigeal disease mimicking a lower lumbar disc lesion and accompanying neurological deficit.Clinical Features: A 62 year old male presented with a 3-4 day history of left low back and left posterior thigh pain. The patient had a previous history of non-specific low back pain for approximately 10-25 years, which was relieved in the past by manual therapy. He (...) but on review two days later had also developed a left sided facial droop, consistent with a Bell's palsy. A subsequent magnetic resonance imaging scan of the brain and lumbar spine revealed sites of abnormal enhancement of multiple cranial nerves, the cauda equina and the vertebral bodies L1 and L5. The findings were consistent with widespread leptomeningeal disease or leptomenigeal carcinomatosis and unfortunately the patient died as a direct consequence of the disease approximately three weeks after

1998 Australasian Chiropractic & Osteopathy

9754. Neurovascular compression of the trigeminal and glossopharyngeal nerve: three case reports Full Text available with Trip Pro

Neurovascular compression of the trigeminal and glossopharyngeal nerve: three case reports Trigeminal neuralgia (TN) is a frequent cause of paroxysmal facial pain and headache in adults. Glossopharyngeal neuralgia (GPN) is less common, but can cause severe episodic pain in the ear and throat. Neurovascular compression of the appropriate cranial nerve as it leaves the brain stem is responsible for the symptoms in many patients, and neurosurgical decompression of the nerve is now a well accepted

2000 Archives of Disease in Childhood

9755. Abnormal Course of the Oculomotor Nerve on the Clivus Combined with a Petroclival Meningioma: Case Report Full Text available with Trip Pro

and enters the oculomotor trigone. In this patient, the oculomotor nerve entered the dura mater at the upper clivus, behind the posterior clinoid process, and coursed parallel to the basilar artery. This entrance is lower than the normal entry point of the oculomotor nerve. The abnormal entrance of the oculomotor nerve may reflect an atypical developmental relationship among the cranial nerves, meninges, and bones during embryogenesis. (...) Abnormal Course of the Oculomotor Nerve on the Clivus Combined with a Petroclival Meningioma: Case Report The course of the oculomotor nerve on the clivus was abnormal in a patient with petroclival meningioma. He complained of gait disturbance. A gadolinium-enhanced magnetic resonance image demonstrated a 4.4-cm enhancing mass in the petroclival region. The tumor was removed via an anterior transpetrosal-transtentorial approach. Normally, the oculomotor nerve originates from the brainstem

2002 Skull Base

9756. Optic Nerve Decompression for Orbitofrontal Fibrous Dysplasia Full Text available with Trip Pro

syndrome and progressive visual impairment. Optic nerve decompression was performed prophylactically for two patients and therapeutically for one patient through the transcranial extradural route. Dystopias and craniofacial deformities induced by fibrous dysplasia also were corrected. The micropressure suction-irrigation system was especially effective for decreasing heat transfer and thereby preventing thermal injury of the optic nerve. The orbitofrontal area was reconstructed from cranial bone, iliac (...) Optic Nerve Decompression for Orbitofrontal Fibrous Dysplasia Orbitofrontal fibrous dysplasia often involves the bony orbit and the optic canal. Although fibrous dysplasia reportedly produces compression of the optic nerve leading to visual distrubances, optic nerve decompression in patients without clinical signs of optic neuropathy is still controversial. We describe two patients with orbitofrontal fibrous dysplasia without signs of visual disturbance and one patient with McCune-Albright

2002 Skull Base

9757. A comparative microscopic analysis of the capsule of the nerve to the inferior oblique muscle. Full Text available with Trip Pro

of the adult medial, lateral, inferior and superior rectus muscles. These were also compared to the intracranial portion of the third cranial nerve of the adult specimen.The collagen layer of the nerve to the inferior oblique was present throughout its course. It is well developed in the newborn and comparable to the adult specimen. The nerves to the medial, inferior, lateral and superior rectus muscles are also surrounded by a similar capsule containing collagen fibers that are aligned parallel (...) to the axon of the nerve. The intracranial portion of the third cranial nerve only has a thin fibrous capsule.The nerve capsule of the inferior oblique comprises a surrounding collagen layer, presumably to protect the nerve from stretching. This layer is well developed along the entire course of the nerve and is present from birth. The nerves to the other extraocular muscles have a similar capsule that likely serves a similar function. These findings expand current understanding of the nerves

1997 Transactions of the American Ophthalmological Society

9758. Seventh nerve spasm: effect of modification of cholinergic balance. (Abstract)

Seventh nerve spasm: effect of modification of cholinergic balance. The seventh cranial nerve spasms of the face and the eyelids, including essential blepharospasm, are usually intractable and sometimes disabling. Deanol acetamidobenzoate was compared with the anticholinergic orphenadrine for relief of these spasms. Deanol cured two of 16 (12%) subjects and improved a third. Orphenadrine was much more effective, improving the conditions of 16 of 26 (62%) subjects between 57% and 100

1985 Otolaryngology--head and neck surgery : official journal of American Academy of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery

9759. Do neck incisions influence nerve deficits after carotid endarterectomy? (Abstract)

Do neck incisions influence nerve deficits after carotid endarterectomy? To determine whether transverse neck incisions for carotid endarterectomy were associated with a similar or greater incidence of cranial nerve complications when compared with vertical skin incisions, and to assess the patient's perception of the appearance of the incision.Prospective, but not randomized.A university-affiliated tertiary care hospital.Eighty-five consecutive carotid endarterectomy procedures were evaluated (...) prospectively in 80 patients. Although patients were not randomly assigned, consideration was given to having approximately the same number of patients who had carotid endarterectomy performed through transverse neck incision as through vertical neck incision. Forty-four carotid endarterectomies were performed with a vertical incision and 41 procedures were performed with a transverse incision.To determine the incidence of cranial nerve dysfunction (primarily nerves VII and XII) after operation.The

1994 Archives of Surgery

9760. Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) for dementia. Full Text available with Trip Pro

, current amplitude, pulse duration and frequency and the patient's type or severity of cognitive impairment.The trials were identified from a search of the Specialized Register of the Cochrane Dementia and Cognitive Improvement Group on 10 December 2002 using the terms TENS, transcutaneous, "transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation", and "electric stimulation". The CDCIG Specialized Register contains records from all major health care databases and many ongoing trials databases and is regularly (...) Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) for dementia. Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) is the application of an electrical current through electrodes attached to the skin. The commonest clinical application of TENS is pain control. TENS is also used occasionally for the treatment of a range of neurological and psychiatric conditions including drug and alcohol dependence, headaches, and depression. TENS is rarely used for the treatment of dementia. However, since

2003 Cochrane database of systematic reviews (Online)

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