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Cranial Nerve 10

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9681. Neurotomy of Optic Nerve in Non-Arthritic Anterior Ischemic Optic Neuropathy

terms Ischemia Optic Nerve Diseases Optic Neuritis Optic Neuropathy, Ischemic Pathologic Processes Cranial Nerve Diseases Nervous System Diseases Eye Diseases Vascular Diseases Cardiovascular Diseases (...) Neurotomy of Optic Nerve in Non-Arthritic Anterior Ischemic Optic Neuropathy Neurotomy of Optic Nerve in Non-Arthritic Anterior Ischemic Optic Neuropathy - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting registration or results information. Search for terms x × Study Record Detail Saved Studies Save this study Warning You have reached the maximum number of saved studies (100). Please remove one or more studies before adding more

2006 Clinical Trials

9682. Vagus Nerve Stimulation for Treating Adults With Severe Fibromyalgia

are disabled, and about 45% collect Social Security Disability insurance. Conventional treatments, which include pharmacological and behavioral interventions, fail to provide adequate pain relief in more than half of FMS patients, strongly suggesting the need for improved treatment options. One such option is a treatment called vagus nerve stimulation (VNS), in which short bursts of electrical energy are directed into the brain by way of the vagus nerve. The vagus nerve is a cranial nerve that originates (...) Vagus Nerve Stimulation for Treating Adults With Severe Fibromyalgia Vagus Nerve Stimulation for Treating Adults With Severe Fibromyalgia - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting registration or results information. Search for terms x × Study Record Detail Saved Studies Save this study Warning You have reached the maximum number of saved studies (100). Please remove one or more studies before adding more. Vagus Nerve

2006 Clinical Trials

9683. Facial nerve paralysis: A three year retrospective study Full Text available with Trip Pro

Facial nerve paralysis: A three year retrospective study Of all the cranial nerves, the facial nerve is the one which is most commonly involved in disease. Facial paralysis leaves the patient severely disfigured. Timely diagnosis and treatment can lead to considerable recovery. 16 consecutive patients of facial paralysis of all age groups and due to different causes diagnosed and treated in a tertiary referral hospital have been studied retrospectively. The frequency of aetiological factors (...) , the various factors governing the management of these cases and their actual outcomes after a minimum period of one year are discussed. The causes of facial nerve palsy included cholesteatomas, Bell's Palsy, iatrogenic, traumatic, neuroma and others. In general, early reporting, diagnosis and surgical intervention wherever indicated have resulted in better recovery. Surgical decompression of the facial nerve traditionally advocated have been questioned. Rare causes of facial nerve paralysis like

2006 Indian Journal of Otolaryngology and Head & Neck Surgery

9684. A Dominantly Inherited Progressive Deafness Affecting Distal Auditory Nerve and Hair Cells Full Text available with Trip Pro

. Affected family members do not have evidence of other cranial or peripheral neuropathies. There was a marked improvement of auditory functions in three affected family members studied after cochlear implantation with return of electrically evoked auditory brainstem responses (EABRs), auditory temporal processes, and speech recognition. These findings are compatible with a distal auditory nerve disorder affecting one or all of the components in the auditory periphery including terminal auditory nerve (...) A Dominantly Inherited Progressive Deafness Affecting Distal Auditory Nerve and Hair Cells We have studied 72 members belonging to a large kindred with a hearing disorder inherited in an autosomal dominant pattern. We used audiological, physiological, and psychoacoustic measures to characterize the hearing disorders. The initial phenotypic features of the hearing loss are of an auditory neuropathy (AN) with abnormal auditory nerve and brainstem responses (ABRs) and normal outer hair cell

2004 JARO: Journal of the Association for Research in Otolaryngology

9685. Malignant mental nerve neuropathy: systematic review. (Abstract)

Malignant mental nerve neuropathy: systematic review. Malignant mental neuropathy (MMN) is a neurological manifestation of cancer, characterized by the presence of hypoesthesia or anesthesia restricted to the territory of the mental branch of the mandibular nerve. A systematic review of the literature has been made on MMN, analyzing the etiology, pathogeny, clinical characteristics, complementary tests and the prognosis. Sixteen studies, providing 136 cases were selected. Breast cancer (...) radiographic examinations of the cranial region. The most affected region was the mandible. The appearance of MMN is an ominous prognosis for the progression of the disease, with a mortality of 78.5% within a mean of 6.9 months.

2008 Medicina oral, patología oral y cirugía bucal

9686. Hypoglossal-facial nerve anastomosis: a meta-analytic study. (Abstract)

from existing literature written in English or French. Twenty-three articles were included in the study after we excluded those that were technical reports, those describing anastomosis to cranial nerves other than the hypoglossal, and those that were experimental animal studies. Articles that reported facial nerve function after surgery and timing of repair were included. Facial nerve function had to be reported according to the House-Brackmann scale. If there was more than 1 article by the same (...) Hypoglossal-facial nerve anastomosis: a meta-analytic study. A meta-analysis was conducted on the outcome of facial nerve function after hypoglossal-facial nerve anastomosis in humans. The roles of the timing of and the underlying cause for surgery, the type of the repair, and previous facial nerve function in the final result were analyzed.Articles were identified by means of a PubMed search using the key words "facial-hypoglossal anastomosis," which yielded 109 articles. The data were pooled

2007 The Annals of otology, rhinology, and laryngology

9687. Paralysis in the left phrenic nerve after living-donor liver transplantation for biliary atresia with situs inversus. (Abstract)

Paralysis in the left phrenic nerve after living-donor liver transplantation for biliary atresia with situs inversus. A 7-month-old boy with biliary atresia accompanied by situs inversus and absent inferior vena cava (IVC) underwent living-donor liver transplantation (LDLT). Because a constriction in the recipient hepatic vein (HV) was detected during the preparation of the HV in LDLT, a dissection in the cranial direction and a total clamp of the suprahepatic IVC was performed (...) , and the suprahepatic IVC and the graft HV were anastomosed end-to-end. Postoperatively, atelectasis in the left upper lobe and ventilator failure accompanied by an elevation of the left hemidiaphragm were observed and mechanical ventilation was repetitively required. Paralysis in the left phrenic nerve was diagnosed by chest radiograph and ultrasonography. In our patient, conservative treatment was administrated, because weaning him from mechanical ventilation was possible a few days after intubation

2008 Liver Transplantation

9688. Treatment of hemicrania continua by occipital nerve stimulation with a bion device: long-term follow-up of a crossover study. (Abstract)

Treatment of hemicrania continua by occipital nerve stimulation with a bion device: long-term follow-up of a crossover study. Hemicrania continua (HC) is a primary headache that comprises persistent unilateral pain, is associated with cranial autonomic features, and is responsive to indometacin. Some patients are unable to tolerate this treatment or it is contraindicated; for these patients, the medical options for therapy are restricted. Occipital nerve stimulation (ONS) is an effective

2008 Lancet Neurology

9689. Isolated abducens nerve palsy after closed head trauma: a pediatric case report. (Abstract)

Isolated abducens nerve palsy after closed head trauma: a pediatric case report. Cranial nerve lessions often accompany head trauma. Nevertheless, isolated involvement of the sixth nerve without any cranial or cervical fracture is rare. Nerve injury could occur at the sites of the dural entry points and at the petrous apex during down- or upward movement of the brain caused by violent linear force to the head. Management is symptomatic. Most cases improve within three months and many resolve (...) by six months, but spontaneous recovery does not always occur. We describe the case of a 13-year-old boy who developed isolated abducens nerve palsy after closed head trauma.

2008 Pediatric Emergency Care

9690. Functional Assessments of the Rodent Facial Nerve: A Synkinesis Model. Full Text available with Trip Pro

, velocity, and acceleration were consistent with literature values. Air puff delivery elicited an ipsilateral blink 99% of the time, a contralateral blink 18% of the time, and changes in or initiation of bilateral whisking 70% of the time. Olfactory stimulus delivery prompted a change in whisking behavior 83% of the time, and eye closure 20% of the time.This study establishes normative data for assessing cranial nerve VII-controlled facial movement in four separate facial regions. We demonstrate (...) Functional Assessments of the Rodent Facial Nerve: A Synkinesis Model. Rodent whisker movement has been used as a tool, after facial nerve manipulation, to quantify functional recovery. We have recently established a method to study functional correlates of aberrant regeneration of the facial nerve. Our objective was to establish normative parameters for both spontaneous and induced whisking and blinking behavior in a large group of normal rats.Prospective animal study.Eighty animals underwent

2008 Laryngoscope

9691. Anatomical and Electrophysiological Assessment of the Canine Periprostatic Neurovascular Anatomy: Perspectives as a Nerve Sparing Radical Prostatectomy Model. (Abstract)

cadavers and 12 anesthetized dogs. Pelvic plexus branches were stimulated using a CaverMap probe and peak intracavernous pressure responses were recorded as a percent of mean arterial pressure.The canine pelvic plexus lies 5 to 10 mm lateral to the prostate. It is supplied by the hypogastric nerve cranially and the pelvic nerve laterally. The neurovascular bundles course distal from the pelvic plexus along the posterolateral aspect of the prostate, including a dominant cavernous nerve along its lateral (...) Anatomical and Electrophysiological Assessment of the Canine Periprostatic Neurovascular Anatomy: Perspectives as a Nerve Sparing Radical Prostatectomy Model. Although the dog is often used as a radical prostatectomy model, precise descriptions of canine prostate and neurovascular bundle anatomy are lacking. We describe canine prostate and neurovascular bundle anatomical and electrophysiological characteristics.The canine prostate and pelvic neurovascular structures were dissected in 6 canine

2008 Journal of Urology

9692. Mastoid bone fracture presenting as unusual delayed onset of facial nerve palsy. (Abstract)

Mastoid bone fracture presenting as unusual delayed onset of facial nerve palsy. Delayed-onset facial nerve paralysis is a rather uncommon complication of a mastoid bone fracture for children younger than 10 years. We routinely arrange a cranial computed tomography (CT) for patients encountering initial loss of consciousness, severe headache, intractable vomiting, and/or any neurologic deficit arising from trauma to the head. However, minor symptomatic cranial nerve damage may be missed (...) and the presenting symptom diagnosed as being a peripheral nerve problem. Herein, we report a case of a young boy who presented at our emergency department (ED) 3 days subsequent to his accident, complaining of hearing loss in the right ear and paralysis of the ipsilateral face. Unpredictably, we observed his cranial CT scan revealing a linear fracture of the skull over the right temporal bone involving the right mastoid air cells. The patient was treated conservatively and recovered well without any adverse

2008 American Journal of Emergency Medicine

9693. Intra-parotid facial nerve multiple plexiform neurofibroma in patient with NF1. (Abstract)

Intra-parotid facial nerve multiple plexiform neurofibroma in patient with NF1. Primary neurogenic tumours of facial nerve are uncommon with the majority found intra-temporally. Intracranial and intra-parotid neoplastic involvement of cranial nerve VII is much less common. There are 11 reported cases, in the English-language literature, of intra-parotid facial nerve plexiform neurofibromas with eight of them associated with NF1.A child, 10 years old, with NF1, reached us for a cheek swelling (...) of PNF. However, success of surgical intervention is limited by the infiltrating nature of the tumours, resulting in a high rate of tumour re-growth. Facial nerve preservation during surgery is unlikely and significant morbidity can result from their excision. The age of the patient at surgical resection seemed to influence outcome: tumours resected before age 10 years recurred in 60% of cases compared with only 30% recurrence in patients older than the age of 10 years.Indication and timing

2008 International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology

9694. Nerve origin of vestibular schwannoma: a prospective study. (Abstract)

).The vast majority of vestibular schwannomas originate from the inferior vestibular nerve; the incidence of involvement of this nerve increases as the tumour size increases. An origin of vestibular schwannoma from the inferior vestibular nerve can be considered as one of the explanatory factors for the poor functional outcome of the extended middle cranial fossa approach, and probably accounts also for the better hearing preservation rate reported in some series for the retrosigmoid approach. (...) Nerve origin of vestibular schwannoma: a prospective study. The origin of vestibular schwannoma has always been a matter of debate. The aim of our study was to identify the nerve origin of this tumour.Prospective case review. This study was conducted at Gruppo Otologico, a private referral centre for neurotology and skull base surgery.A total of 200 cases of vestibular schwannoma were included in the study. All the tumours were removed surgically utilising the translabyrinthine approach

2007 Journal of Laryngology & Otology

9695. The autonomic facial nerve pathway in birds: a tracing study in chickens. Full Text available with Trip Pro

The autonomic facial nerve pathway in birds: a tracing study in chickens. In birds, the parasympathetic innervation of the choroid is via the ciliary (cranial nerve III) and pterygopalatine (cranial nerve VII) ganglia, the latter consisting of a chain of microganglia within the orbit. Because of the scattered nature of these microganglia, lesions of this nerve pathway in birds have not been attempted, making interpretation of the functional contribution of this parasympathetic input (...) to the avian eye uncertain. The purpose of this study was to find an extraorbital approach to the preganglionic part of cranial nerve VII and to reveal its peripheral terminals and its site of origin in the brain stem.The radix autonomica cranial nerve VII was accessed via the tympanic cavity and injected with dextran coupled to Texas red (DTxR). Orbital structures and the brain stem were prepared for tracer detection and immunohistochemistry for neuronal nitric oxide synthase (nNOS), choline acetyl

2006 Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science

9696. Bilateral fourth-nerve palsy occurring after shaking injury in infancy. (Abstract)

Bilateral fourth-nerve palsy occurring after shaking injury in infancy. The shaken baby syndrome is a serious form of child abuse that typically results in serious short- and long-term neurological sequelae. Isolated cranial nerve palsies have been reported after shaking injuries in infants. We report a child with bilateral fourth cranial nerve palsy that developed after a shaking injury.

2004 JAAPOS - Journal of the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus

9697. High-resolution magnetic resonance imaging demonstrates abnormalities of motor nerves and extraocular muscles in patients with neuropathic strabismus. Full Text available with Trip Pro

High-resolution magnetic resonance imaging demonstrates abnormalities of motor nerves and extraocular muscles in patients with neuropathic strabismus. Although the ocular motility examination has been used traditionally in the diagnosis of strabismus that is a result of cranial nerve (CN) abnormalities, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) now permits the direct imaging of lesions in CN palsies.Prospectively, nerves to extraocular muscles (EOMs) were imaged with T1 weighting in orbits of 83 (...) orthotropic volunteers and 96 strabismic patients in quasicoronal planes using surface coils. Intraorbital resolution was 234-312 microns within 1.5- to 2.0-mm thick planes. CNs were imaged at the brainstem using head coils and T2 weighting, yielding 195 micron resolution in planes 1.0-mm thick in 6 normal volunteers and 22 patients who had oculomotor (CN3), trochlear (CN4), or abducens (CN6) palsies and Duane syndrome.Oculomotor (CN3) and abducens (CN6) but not trochlear (CN4) nerves were demonstrable

2006 JAAPOS - Journal of the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus

9698. Posttraumatic abducens to oculomotor nerve misdirection. (Abstract)

studied. A complete ophthalmic examination plus neuroradiologic evaluation were performed.Each patient manifested an aberrant connection between the 6th and 3rd cranial nerves resulting in third nerve function during sixth nerve stimulation. Two patients demonstrated complete third nerve palsies except for adduction on attempted abduction. The third showed improved bilateral ptosis on abduction.The neuroanatomical abnormalities involve intraorbital structures in one patient and central nervous system (...) Posttraumatic abducens to oculomotor nerve misdirection. Paradoxical patterns of extraocular muscle, eyelid, or pupillary movements can occur following injury between divisions of the oculomotor nerve, trigeminal and abducens nerves, and trigeminal and oculomotor nerves. We report three cases of unusual ocular motility and eyelid movements that are a result of aberrant connections between the abducens and oculomotor nerves.Three patients with unusual eye movement abnormalities after trauma were

2005 JAAPOS - Journal of the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus

9699. Congenital oculomotor nerve synkinesis associated with fetal retinoid syndrome. (Abstract)

with animal studies showing abnormalities in the formation of cranial nerve ganglia following fetal RA exposure.RA is a powerful teratogen. These patients provide additional clinical evidence of its influence on neural migration during early development. (...) Congenital oculomotor nerve synkinesis associated with fetal retinoid syndrome. Isotretinoin (RA), used for the treatment of cystic acne, is a powerful teratogen, causing craniofacial dysmorphisms and neural tube defects. We present two patients with RA embryopathy and oculomotor nerve synkinesis.Retrospective review of patient records.Two patients presented with third nerve synkinesis and fetal RA exposure. Both had marked elevation of the upper eyelids on adduction such that the lid fissures

2005 JAAPOS - Journal of the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus

9700. Bilateral incyclotorsion, absent facial nerve, and anotia: fellow travelers in Möbius sequence or oculoauriculovertebral spectrum? (Abstract)

Bilateral incyclotorsion, absent facial nerve, and anotia: fellow travelers in Möbius sequence or oculoauriculovertebral spectrum? We report a patient with bilateral incyclotorsion, asymmetric facial palsy, monocular depression deficiency, and unilateral Type 3 Duane syndrome, along with contralateral anotia and a midline cleft palate. A dysplastic middle ear cavity and unilateral absence of the facial nerve were noted on magnetic resonance imaging scanning. The differential diagnosis includes (...) Möbius sequence, oculoauriculovertebral spectrum, and a congenital cranial dysinnervation disorder.

2007 JAAPOS - Journal of the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus

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