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Cranial Nerve 10

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61. Vestigial-like 3 is a novel Ets1 interacting partner and regulates trigeminal nerve formation and cranial neural crest migration (PubMed)

Vestigial-like 3 is a novel Ets1 interacting partner and regulates trigeminal nerve formation and cranial neural crest migration Drosophila Vestigial is the founding member of a protein family containing a highly conserved domain, called Tondu, which mediates their interaction with members of the TEAD family of transcription factors (Scalloped in Drosophila). In Drosophila, the Vestigial/Scalloped complex controls wing development by regulating the expression of target genes through binding (...) to MCAT sequences. In vertebrates, there are four Vestigial-like genes, the functions of which are still not well understood. Here, we describe the regulation and function of vestigial-like 3 (vgll3) during Xenopus early development. A combination of signals, including FGF8, Wnt8a, Hoxa2, Hoxb2 and retinoic acid, limits vgll3 expression to hindbrain rhombomere 2. We show that vgll3 regulates trigeminal placode and nerve formation and is required for normal neural crest development by affecting

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2017 Biology open

62. Functional Recovery of Cranial Nerves in Patients with Traumatic Orbital Apex Syndrome (PubMed)

Functional Recovery of Cranial Nerves in Patients with Traumatic Orbital Apex Syndrome Traumatic orbital apex syndrome (TOAS) is a rare disease characterized by the damage of cranial nerves (CNs) II, III, IV, and VI. The aim of our study was to analyze the functional recovery of CNs in TOAS and discuss the management of these patients.We retrospectively reviewed 28 patients with TOAS treated in the Department of Neurosurgery, Shanghai Changzheng Hospital from February 2006 to February 2016

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2017 BioMed research international

63. ANCA-Negative Granulomatosis with Polyangiitis Presenting with Hypertrophic Cranial Pachymeningitis, Abducens Nerve Palsy, and Stenosis of the Internal Carotid Artery (PubMed)

ANCA-Negative Granulomatosis with Polyangiitis Presenting with Hypertrophic Cranial Pachymeningitis, Abducens Nerve Palsy, and Stenosis of the Internal Carotid Artery We report a rare case of granulomatosis with polyangiitis (GPA) presenting with hypertrophic cranial pachymeningitis (HCP), abducens nerve palsy, and stenosis of the internal carotid artery (ICA). A 59-year-old Japanese man presented with a year history of nasal obstruction and a 2-month history of slight headache

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2017 Case reports in otolaryngology

64. NMES to Improve Eyelid Functions in Cranial Nerve (CN) III and VII Palsy

NMES to Improve Eyelid Functions in Cranial Nerve (CN) III and VII Palsy NMES to Improve Eyelid Functions in Cranial Nerve (CN) III and VII Palsy - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting registration or results information. Search for terms x × Study Record Detail Saved Studies Save this study Warning You have reached the maximum number of saved studies (100). Please remove one or more studies before adding more. NMES (...) to Improve Eyelid Functions in Cranial Nerve (CN) III and VII Palsy (EyeStim) The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. of clinical studies and talk to your health care provider before participating. Read our for details. ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03239418 Recruitment Status : Recruiting First Posted : August 4, 2017 Last Update Posted : February

2017 Clinical Trials

65. Cranial Nerve Lymphomatosis Magnetic Resonance Imaging Findings in a Case of Mantle Cell Lymphoma (PubMed)

Cranial Nerve Lymphomatosis Magnetic Resonance Imaging Findings in a Case of Mantle Cell Lymphoma 29234188 2018 11 13 0253-0716 42 5 2017 Sep Iranian journal of medical sciences Iran J Med Sci Cranial Nerve Lymphomatosis Magnetic Resonance Imaging Findings in a Case of Mantle Cell Lymphoma. 512-513 Yılmaz Güliz G Department of Radiology, Gaziosmanpaşa Hospital, Istanbul Yeni Yüzyıl University, Istanbul, Turkey. Akpınar Süha S Department of Radiology, Near East University Hospital, Nicosia

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2017 Iranian journal of medical sciences

66. A case of idiopathic hypertrophic pachymeningitis presenting with chronic headache and multiple cranial nerve palsies: A case report. (PubMed)

A case of idiopathic hypertrophic pachymeningitis presenting with chronic headache and multiple cranial nerve palsies: A case report. Idiopathic hypertrophic pachymeningitis (IHP) is a rare condition, characterized by a chronic fibrosing inflammatory process usually involving either the intracranial or spinal dura mater, but rarely both. Here, we report a rare case of IHP affecting both the intracranial and spinal dura mater. We also discussed the diagnosis, management, and outcome of IHP.We (...) reviewed the case of a 60-year-old woman presenting with chronic headache, multiple cranial nerve palsies and gait disturbance. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of her head revealed thickened and contrast-enhanced dura in the craniocervical region as well as obstructive hydrocephalus and cerebellar tonsillar herniation. The patient had a suboccipital craniectomy and posterior decompression through C1 plus a total laminectomy. The dura was partially resected to the extent of the bony decompression

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2017 Medicine

67. Stroke risk among adult patients with third, fourth or sixth cranial nerve palsy: a Nationwide Cohort Study. (PubMed)

Stroke risk among adult patients with third, fourth or sixth cranial nerve palsy: a Nationwide Cohort Study. This study sought to determine whether isolated third, fourth and sixth cranial nerve palsies (NPs) are associated with increased short- and long-term risk of a subsequent stroke.This was a nationwide retrospective propensity score-matched cohort study. A cohort of patients with NP (n = 466) and a randomly selected, propensity-matched control cohort (n = 2281) were extracted from (...) ; the increased risk was both time- and cranial nerve-dependent.© 2017 Acta Ophthalmologica Scandinavica Foundation. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

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2017 Acta ophthalmologica

68. Neurological Imaging in Acquired Cranial Nerve Palsy: Ophthalmologists vs. Neurologists. (PubMed)

Neurological Imaging in Acquired Cranial Nerve Palsy: Ophthalmologists vs. Neurologists. Cranial nerve palsies often require neurological imaging by MRI. Guidelines on whether or not to utilize MRI have been absent or lack clarity. In daily practice, both neurologists and ophthalmologists treat patients with cranial nerve palsy and determine whether neuro-imaging is required. There appear to be differences in policy with respect to neuro-imaging. The question, which will be answered (...) in this study, is the following: to what extent do differences in policy exist between ophthalmologists and neurologists regarding imaging by MRI of patients with acquired ocular cranial nerve palsy?PubMed database was searched for literature on acquired cranial nerve palsy and MRI scanning performed by ophthalmologists and neurologists. Case series published between 2000 and 2015 were included. The first author screened the literature on eligibility, profession of the authors, and conducted data

2017 Strabismus

69. Third Cranial Nerve Palsy after a Chikungunya Virus Infection. (PubMed)

Third Cranial Nerve Palsy after a Chikungunya Virus Infection. Chikungunya fever is a disease caused by a virus from the same family as dengue and Zika. It is endemic in several parts of the world and has recently spread to Latin America. We report the case of a patient, aged 58 years, from Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, who in 2013 developed an acute bilateral third cranial nerve palsy sparing the pupil. After extensive investigation, it was diagnosed as caused by chikungunya infection. The patient

2017 Strabismus

70. Disseminated Cryptococcosis with Severe Increased Intracranial Pressure Complicated with Cranial Nerve Palsy in a Child. (PubMed)

Disseminated Cryptococcosis with Severe Increased Intracranial Pressure Complicated with Cranial Nerve Palsy in a Child. Cryptococcosis is less common in children than in adults but remains an important cause of pneumonia and meningoencephalitis in both immunocompromised and immunocompetent patients. Intracranial hypertension commonly complicates cryptococcal meningitis and may cause significant visual and neurologic morbidity and mortality. Early and aggressive management of intracranial (...) hypertension in accordance with established guidelines reduces the risk of long-term complications and death. In this case report, we present a 12-year-old girl with cryptococcal meningitis, pneumonitis and dermatitis complicated with cranial nerve palsy and loss of vision. She was successfully treated with serial cerebrospinal fluid drainage, antifungal and interferon gamma therapy.

2017 Pediatric Infectious Dsease Journal

71. Incidence and Etiology of Presumed Fourth Cranial Nerve Palsy: A Population-based Study. (PubMed)

Incidence and Etiology of Presumed Fourth Cranial Nerve Palsy: A Population-based Study. To determine the incidence of isolated, presumed fourth nerve palsy in a defined population, and to report the frequency of each cause.Retrospective, population-based case series.A population-based database was used to identify all cases of isolated fourth nerve palsy in Olmsted County, Minnesota, USA diagnosed over a 15-year period (January 1, 1978 to December 31, 1992). The most likely etiology (...) was determined by review of the entire medical record by 2 ophthalmologists. A priori definitions were applied for assigning cause. The incidence of fourth nerve palsy and the frequency of each etiology were calculated. Decade of life at presentation was recorded.Seventy-three patients (74 episodes, 70 [95%] unilateral) were identified. Mean age at presentation was 41.8 (range 3.3-81.6) years. The age- and sex-adjusted annual incidence rate was 5.73 per 100 000 per year (95% confidence interval [CI] 4.31

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2017 American Journal of Ophthalmology

72. Isolated unilateral sixth cranial nerve palsy: A rare presentation of dengue fever (PubMed)

Isolated unilateral sixth cranial nerve palsy: A rare presentation of dengue fever Dengue fever is a common mosquito-borne viral infection endemic in tropical and subtropical countries. Neurological manifestations in dengue infection are relatively uncommon, and include encephalitis, encephalopathy, neuromuscular disorders and neuro-ocular disorders. Cranial mononeuropathy is a rare manifestation of dengue infection. A 40-year-old man was diagnosed with isolated, unilateral sixth cranial nerve (...) palsy complicating dengue infection. The patient was managed accordingly, and full ocular recovery was observed. This was the first reported case of isolated sixth cranial nerve palsy associated with dengue fever in Malaysia. It is important for clinicians to consider dengue as a differential diagnosis in patients presenting with fever and sixth cranial nerve palsy.

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2016 Malaysian family physician : the official journal of the Academy of Family Physicians of Malaysia

73. Lower Cranial Nerves Paralysis Following Prone-Position Mechanical Ventilation. (PubMed)

Lower Cranial Nerves Paralysis Following Prone-Position Mechanical Ventilation. To communicate a complication of prone-position ventilation.Case history.Case report.Clinical information from medical record.This is a very infrequent cause of dysphagia following prone-position ventilation.

2017 Critical Care Medicine

74. A cluster of acute flaccid paralysis and cranial nerve dysfunction temporally associated with an outbreak of enterovirus D68 in children in Colorado, USA. (PubMed)

31, 2014).12 children met the case definition (median age 11·5 years [IQR 6·75-15]). All had a prodromal febrile illness preceding neurological symptoms by a median of 7 days (IQR 5·75-8). Neurological deficits included flaccid limb weakness (n=10; asymmetric n=7), bulbar weakness (n=6), and cranial nerve VI (n=3) and VII (n=2) dysfunction. Ten (83%) children had confluent, longitudinally extensive spinal-cord lesions of the central grey matter, with predominant anterior horn-cell involvement (...) A cluster of acute flaccid paralysis and cranial nerve dysfunction temporally associated with an outbreak of enterovirus D68 in children in Colorado, USA. Clusters of acute flaccid paralysis or cranial nerve dysfunction in children are uncommon. We aimed to assess a cluster of children with acute flaccid paralysis and cranial nerve dysfunction geographically and temporally associated with an outbreak of enterovirus-D68 respiratory disease.We defined a case of neurological disease as any child

2015 Lancet

75. Randomized Phase II Study Comparing Prophylactic Cranial Irradiation Alone To Prophylactic Cranial Irradiation And Consolidative Extra-Cranial Irradiation For Extensive Disease Small Cell Lung Cancer (ED-SCLC): NRG Oncology RTOG 0937. (PubMed)

Randomized Phase II Study Comparing Prophylactic Cranial Irradiation Alone To Prophylactic Cranial Irradiation And Consolidative Extra-Cranial Irradiation For Extensive Disease Small Cell Lung Cancer (ED-SCLC): NRG Oncology RTOG 0937. NRG Oncology RTOG 0937 is a randomized phase II trial evaluating 1-year overall survival (OS) with prophylactic cranial irradiation (PCI) or PCI plus consolidative radiation therapy (PCI+cRT) to intrathoracic disease and extracranial metastases for extensive (...) -disease SCLC.Patients with one to four extracranial metastases were eligible after a complete response or partial response to chemotherapy. Randomization was to PCI or PCI+cRT to the thorax and metastases. Original stratification included partial response versus complete response after chemotherapy and one versus two to four metastases; age younger than 65 years versus 65 years or older was added after an observed imbalance. PCI consisted of 25 Gy in 10 fractions. cRT consisted of 45 Gy in 15

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2017 Journal of Thoracic Oncology Controlled trial quality: predicted high

76. Cranial Neuropathy

of the Department of Army/Navy/Air Force, Department of Defense, or United States Government. Reprint requests to: publications@acr.org ACR Appropriateness Criteria ® 10 Cranial Neuropathy 3. Because of the close proximity of many cranial nerve nuclei and of many exiting sites of the nerves themselves, some mass lesions may involve multiple cranial nerves. Special Imaging Considerations In the evaluation of cranial neuropathy complete evaluation of the nerves from their brain stem nuclei to their “end organs (...) College of Radiology. ACR Appropriateness Criteria®: Hearing Loss and/or Vertigo. Available at: https://acsearch.acr.org/docs/69488/Narrative/. Accessed March 1, 2017. 6. Chen RC, Khorsandi AS, Shatzkes DR, Holliday RA. The radiology of referred otalgia. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 2009;30(10):1817-1823. 7. Casselman J, Mermuys K, Delanote J, Ghekiere J, Coenegrachts K. MRI of the cranial nerves--more than meets the eye: technical considerations and advanced anatomy. Neuroimaging Clin N Am. 2008;18(2):197

2017 American College of Radiology

77. The Effectiveness and Risks of Cranial Electrical Stimulation

The Effectiveness and Risks of Cranial Electrical Stimulation Management Briefs eBrief-no120 -- Enter search terms Button to search HSRD ® Inside VA Budget and Performance Inside the News Room National Observances Special Events » » » » » Management Briefs eBrief-no120 -- Health Services Research & Development Management eBrief no. 120 » Issue 120 December 2016 The report is a product of the VA/HSR&D Evidence Synthesis Program. The Effectiveness and Risks of Cranial Electrical Stimulation (...) : A Systematic Review Cranial electrical stimulation (CES) is a non-invasive method of applying low-intensity electrical current to the head. It is related to but distinct from other forms of transcranial electrical stimulation (i.e., electroconvulsive therapy and transcranial direct current stimulation), with different versions of stimulation varying in the placement of electrodes, intensity of the current, and waveform of the current. After an initial burst of research activity in the 1970s and early 1980s

2017 Veterans Affairs - R&D

78. Cranial Nerve 12

Cranial Nerve 12 Cranial Nerve 12 Toggle navigation Brain Head & Neck Chest Endocrine Abdomen Musculoskeletal Skin Infectious Disease Hematology & Oncology Cohorts Diagnostics Emergency Findings Procedures Prevention & Management Pharmacy Resuscitation Trauma Emergency Procedures Ultrasound Cardiovascular Emergencies Lung Emergencies Infectious Disease Pediatrics Neurologic Emergencies Skin Exposure Miscellaneous Abuse Cancer Administration 4 Cranial Nerve 12 Cranial Nerve 12 Aka: Cranial Nerve (...) 12 , Cranial Nerve XII , Hypoglossal Nerve , CN 12 , Hypoglossal Nucleus II. Anatomy Hypoglossal Nucleus Originates in Hypoglossal Nucleus, in the Exits anterior to the All other medulla s ( , , , ) exit posterior to the Course As with all other s (except ), fibers remain ipsilateral (do not cross over) Passes through hypoglossal canal beside foramen magnum Courses downward with neurovascular structures ( ) Curves forward behind to lingual root Images Lewis (1918) Gray's Anatomy 20th ed

2018 FP Notebook

79. Cranial Nerve 11

Cranial Nerve 11 Cranial Nerve 11 Toggle navigation Brain Head & Neck Chest Endocrine Abdomen Musculoskeletal Skin Infectious Disease Hematology & Oncology Cohorts Diagnostics Emergency Findings Procedures Prevention & Management Pharmacy Resuscitation Trauma Emergency Procedures Ultrasound Cardiovascular Emergencies Lung Emergencies Infectious Disease Pediatrics Neurologic Emergencies Skin Exposure Miscellaneous Abuse Cancer Administration 4 Cranial Nerve 11 Cranial Nerve 11 Aka: Cranial Nerve (...) 11 , Cranial Nerve XI , Accessory Nerve , Spinal Accessory nerve , CN 11 II. Anatomy: Cranial Nerves 9-11 Lewis (1918) Gray's Anatomy 20th ed (in at or ) Lewis (1918) Gray's Anatomy 20th ed (in at or ) Lewis (1918) Gray's Anatomy 20th ed (in at or ) III. Physiology Innervates Trapezius and Sternocleidomastoid motor IV. Anatomy: Course Arises in upper spinal cord (not ) Passes up through foramen magnum Runs along side vagal nerve ( ) briefly Descends through jugular foramen Runs backward near

2018 FP Notebook

80. Cranial Nerve 9

Cranial Nerve 9 Cranial Nerve 9 Toggle navigation Brain Head & Neck Chest Endocrine Abdomen Musculoskeletal Skin Infectious Disease Hematology & Oncology Cohorts Diagnostics Emergency Findings Procedures Prevention & Management Pharmacy Resuscitation Trauma Emergency Procedures Ultrasound Cardiovascular Emergencies Lung Emergencies Infectious Disease Pediatrics Neurologic Emergencies Skin Exposure Miscellaneous Abuse Cancer Administration 4 Cranial Nerve 9 Cranial Nerve 9 Aka: Cranial Nerve 9 (...) , Cranial Nerve IX , Glossopharyngeal Nerve , CN 9 II. Anatomy: Cranial Nerves 9-11 Lewis (1918) Gray's Anatomy 20th ed (in at or ) Lewis (1918) Gray's Anatomy 20th ed (in at or ) Lewis (1918) Gray's Anatomy 20th ed (in at or ) III. Physiology Sensory for pain, touch and Mucosa of pharynx, fauces, and for posterior third of Motor with CN 9 to pharynx IV. Anatomy Nucleii in transmits signals for swallowing Inferior tory nucleus innervates (via otic ) transmits taste signals from posterior third of Also

2018 FP Notebook

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