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Cranial Nerve 10

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61. Lower cranial nerve palsy after the infrafloccular approach in microvascular decompression for hemifacial spasm Full Text available with Trip Pro

Lower cranial nerve palsy after the infrafloccular approach in microvascular decompression for hemifacial spasm The infrafloccular approach was introduced as a variation in microvascular decompression (MVD) for hemifacial spasm. However, the rate of postoperative lower cranial nerve (CN) palsy can be high. This study investigated the surgical factors in relation to the occurrence of postoperative lower CN palsy.The case records of 103 patients who underwent MVD were reviewed. Dissection around

2017 Surgical neurology international

62. Tumors Presenting as Multiple Cranial Nerve Palsies Full Text available with Trip Pro

Tumors Presenting as Multiple Cranial Nerve Palsies Cranial nerve palsy could be one of the presenting features of underlying benign or malignant tumors of the head and neck. The tumor can involve the cranial nerves by local compression, direct infiltration or by paraneoplastic process. Cranial nerve involvement depends on the anatomical course of the cranial nerve and the site of the tumor. Patients may present with single or multiple cranial nerve palsies. Multiple cranial nerve involvement (...) could be sequential or discrete, unilateral or bilateral, painless or painful. The presentation could be acute, subacute or recurrent. Anatomic localization is the first step in the evaluation of these patients. The lesion could be in the brain stem, meninges, base of skull, extracranial or systemic disease itself. We present 3 cases of underlying neoplasms presenting as cranial nerve palsies: a case of glomus tumor presenting as cochlear, glossopharyngeal, vagus and hypoglossal nerve palsies

2017 Case reports in neurology

63. Isolated unilateral sixth cranial nerve palsy: A rare presentation of dengue fever Full Text available with Trip Pro

Isolated unilateral sixth cranial nerve palsy: A rare presentation of dengue fever Dengue fever is a common mosquito-borne viral infection endemic in tropical and subtropical countries. Neurological manifestations in dengue infection are relatively uncommon, and include encephalitis, encephalopathy, neuromuscular disorders and neuro-ocular disorders. Cranial mononeuropathy is a rare manifestation of dengue infection. A 40-year-old man was diagnosed with isolated, unilateral sixth cranial nerve (...) palsy complicating dengue infection. The patient was managed accordingly, and full ocular recovery was observed. This was the first reported case of isolated sixth cranial nerve palsy associated with dengue fever in Malaysia. It is important for clinicians to consider dengue as a differential diagnosis in patients presenting with fever and sixth cranial nerve palsy.

2016 Malaysian family physician : the official journal of the Academy of Family Physicians of Malaysia

64. Hydroxyapatite bone cement application for the reconstruction of retrosigmoid craniectomy in the treatment of cranial nerves disorders Full Text available with Trip Pro

Hydroxyapatite bone cement application for the reconstruction of retrosigmoid craniectomy in the treatment of cranial nerves disorders Retromastoid craniectomy (RSC) is a cardinal surgical approach used to access the posterior fossa. Hydroxyapetite bone cement (HBC) is frequently employed for cranioplasty in efforts to prevent cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leak, whilst maintaining low complication rates and good cosmetic satisfaction. The authors aim to determine the safety and effectiveness of HBC (...) for reconstruction RSC used for treatment of various cranial nerves disorders.The authors conducted a retrospective one-center two surgeons review of 113 patients who underwent RSC filled with HBC for the treatment of cranial nerve disorders. The study period extended from January 2011 through April 2016. Charts were reviewed for documentation of descriptors pertinent to the endpoints described above. Revisions and reoperations were excluded from analysis.Ninety-three patients met the inclusion criteria

2017 Surgical neurology international

65. Functional Recovery of Cranial Nerves in Patients with Traumatic Orbital Apex Syndrome Full Text available with Trip Pro

Functional Recovery of Cranial Nerves in Patients with Traumatic Orbital Apex Syndrome Traumatic orbital apex syndrome (TOAS) is a rare disease characterized by the damage of cranial nerves (CNs) II, III, IV, and VI. The aim of our study was to analyze the functional recovery of CNs in TOAS and discuss the management of these patients.We retrospectively reviewed 28 patients with TOAS treated in the Department of Neurosurgery, Shanghai Changzheng Hospital from February 2006 to February 2016

2017 BioMed research international

66. NMES to Improve Eyelid Functions in Cranial Nerve (CN) III and VII Palsy

NMES to Improve Eyelid Functions in Cranial Nerve (CN) III and VII Palsy NMES to Improve Eyelid Functions in Cranial Nerve (CN) III and VII Palsy - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting registration or results information. Search for terms x × Study Record Detail Saved Studies Save this study Warning You have reached the maximum number of saved studies (100). Please remove one or more studies before adding more. NMES (...) to Improve Eyelid Functions in Cranial Nerve (CN) III and VII Palsy (EyeStim) The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. of clinical studies and talk to your health care provider before participating. Read our for details. ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03239418 Recruitment Status : Recruiting First Posted : August 4, 2017 Last Update Posted : February

2017 Clinical Trials

67. Lower Cranial Nerves Paralysis Following Prone-Position Mechanical Ventilation. (Abstract)

Lower Cranial Nerves Paralysis Following Prone-Position Mechanical Ventilation. To communicate a complication of prone-position ventilation.Case history.Case report.Clinical information from medical record.This is a very infrequent cause of dysphagia following prone-position ventilation.

2017 Critical Care Medicine

68. Cranial orthotic devices for the treatment of positional cranial deformity

Cranial orthotic devices for the treatment of positional cranial deformity Cranial orthotic devices for the treatment of positional cranial deformity Cranial orthotic devices for the treatment of positional cranial deformity Record Status This is a bibliographic record of a published health technology assessment. No evaluation of the quality of this assessment has been made for the HTA database. Citation Cranial orthotic devices for the treatment of positional cranial deformity. Lansdale: HAYES (...) , Inc.. Directory Publication. 2014 Authors' objectives Cranial orthotic devices are used to redirect growth of the skull bones and reduce cranial asymmetry in infants who have positional cranial deformity. Final publication URL The report may be purchased from: Indexing Status Subject indexing assigned by CRD MeSH Craniofacial Abnormalities; Humans; Orthotic Devices Language Published English Country of organisation United States English summary An English language summary is available. Address

2014 Health Technology Assessment (HTA) Database.

69. Randomized Phase II Study Comparing Prophylactic Cranial Irradiation Alone To Prophylactic Cranial Irradiation And Consolidative Extra-Cranial Irradiation For Extensive Disease Small Cell Lung Cancer (ED-SCLC): NRG Oncology RTOG 0937. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Randomized Phase II Study Comparing Prophylactic Cranial Irradiation Alone To Prophylactic Cranial Irradiation And Consolidative Extra-Cranial Irradiation For Extensive Disease Small Cell Lung Cancer (ED-SCLC): NRG Oncology RTOG 0937. NRG Oncology RTOG 0937 is a randomized phase II trial evaluating 1-year overall survival (OS) with prophylactic cranial irradiation (PCI) or PCI plus consolidative radiation therapy (PCI+cRT) to intrathoracic disease and extracranial metastases for extensive (...) -disease SCLC.Patients with one to four extracranial metastases were eligible after a complete response or partial response to chemotherapy. Randomization was to PCI or PCI+cRT to the thorax and metastases. Original stratification included partial response versus complete response after chemotherapy and one versus two to four metastases; age younger than 65 years versus 65 years or older was added after an observed imbalance. PCI consisted of 25 Gy in 10 fractions. cRT consisted of 45 Gy in 15

2017 Journal of Thoracic Oncology Controlled trial quality: predicted high

70. Cranial Neuropathy

of the Department of Army/Navy/Air Force, Department of Defense, or United States Government. Reprint requests to: publications@acr.org ACR Appropriateness Criteria ® 10 Cranial Neuropathy 3. Because of the close proximity of many cranial nerve nuclei and of many exiting sites of the nerves themselves, some mass lesions may involve multiple cranial nerves. Special Imaging Considerations In the evaluation of cranial neuropathy complete evaluation of the nerves from their brain stem nuclei to their “end organs (...) College of Radiology. ACR Appropriateness Criteria®: Hearing Loss and/or Vertigo. Available at: https://acsearch.acr.org/docs/69488/Narrative/. Accessed March 1, 2017. 6. Chen RC, Khorsandi AS, Shatzkes DR, Holliday RA. The radiology of referred otalgia. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 2009;30(10):1817-1823. 7. Casselman J, Mermuys K, Delanote J, Ghekiere J, Coenegrachts K. MRI of the cranial nerves--more than meets the eye: technical considerations and advanced anatomy. Neuroimaging Clin N Am. 2008;18(2):197

2017 American College of Radiology

71. The Effectiveness and Risks of Cranial Electrical Stimulation

The Effectiveness and Risks of Cranial Electrical Stimulation Management Briefs eBrief-no120 -- Enter search terms Button to search HSRD ® Inside VA Budget and Performance Inside the News Room National Observances Special Events » » » » » Management Briefs eBrief-no120 -- Health Services Research & Development Management eBrief no. 120 » Issue 120 December 2016 The report is a product of the VA/HSR&D Evidence Synthesis Program. The Effectiveness and Risks of Cranial Electrical Stimulation (...) : A Systematic Review Cranial electrical stimulation (CES) is a non-invasive method of applying low-intensity electrical current to the head. It is related to but distinct from other forms of transcranial electrical stimulation (i.e., electroconvulsive therapy and transcranial direct current stimulation), with different versions of stimulation varying in the placement of electrodes, intensity of the current, and waveform of the current. After an initial burst of research activity in the 1970s and early 1980s

2017 Veterans Affairs - R&D

72. Cranial Nerve 12

Cranial Nerve 12 Cranial Nerve 12 Toggle navigation Brain Head & Neck Chest Endocrine Abdomen Musculoskeletal Skin Infectious Disease Hematology & Oncology Cohorts Diagnostics Emergency Findings Procedures Prevention & Management Pharmacy Resuscitation Trauma Emergency Procedures Ultrasound Cardiovascular Emergencies Lung Emergencies Infectious Disease Pediatrics Neurologic Emergencies Skin Exposure Miscellaneous Abuse Cancer Administration 4 Cranial Nerve 12 Cranial Nerve 12 Aka: Cranial Nerve (...) 12 , Cranial Nerve XII , Hypoglossal Nerve , CN 12 , Hypoglossal Nucleus II. Anatomy Hypoglossal Nucleus Originates in Hypoglossal Nucleus, in the Exits anterior to the All other medulla s ( , , , ) exit posterior to the Course As with all other s (except ), fibers remain ipsilateral (do not cross over) Passes through hypoglossal canal beside foramen magnum Courses downward with neurovascular structures ( ) Curves forward behind to lingual root Images Lewis (1918) Gray's Anatomy 20th ed

2018 FP Notebook

73. Cranial Nerve 11

Cranial Nerve 11 Cranial Nerve 11 Toggle navigation Brain Head & Neck Chest Endocrine Abdomen Musculoskeletal Skin Infectious Disease Hematology & Oncology Cohorts Diagnostics Emergency Findings Procedures Prevention & Management Pharmacy Resuscitation Trauma Emergency Procedures Ultrasound Cardiovascular Emergencies Lung Emergencies Infectious Disease Pediatrics Neurologic Emergencies Skin Exposure Miscellaneous Abuse Cancer Administration 4 Cranial Nerve 11 Cranial Nerve 11 Aka: Cranial Nerve (...) 11 , Cranial Nerve XI , Accessory Nerve , Spinal Accessory nerve , CN 11 II. Anatomy: Cranial Nerves 9-11 Lewis (1918) Gray's Anatomy 20th ed (in at or ) Lewis (1918) Gray's Anatomy 20th ed (in at or ) Lewis (1918) Gray's Anatomy 20th ed (in at or ) III. Physiology Innervates Trapezius and Sternocleidomastoid motor IV. Anatomy: Course Arises in upper spinal cord (not ) Passes up through foramen magnum Runs along side vagal nerve ( ) briefly Descends through jugular foramen Runs backward near

2018 FP Notebook

74. Cranial Nerve 9

Cranial Nerve 9 Cranial Nerve 9 Toggle navigation Brain Head & Neck Chest Endocrine Abdomen Musculoskeletal Skin Infectious Disease Hematology & Oncology Cohorts Diagnostics Emergency Findings Procedures Prevention & Management Pharmacy Resuscitation Trauma Emergency Procedures Ultrasound Cardiovascular Emergencies Lung Emergencies Infectious Disease Pediatrics Neurologic Emergencies Skin Exposure Miscellaneous Abuse Cancer Administration 4 Cranial Nerve 9 Cranial Nerve 9 Aka: Cranial Nerve 9 (...) , Cranial Nerve IX , Glossopharyngeal Nerve , CN 9 II. Anatomy: Cranial Nerves 9-11 Lewis (1918) Gray's Anatomy 20th ed (in at or ) Lewis (1918) Gray's Anatomy 20th ed (in at or ) Lewis (1918) Gray's Anatomy 20th ed (in at or ) III. Physiology Sensory for pain, touch and Mucosa of pharynx, fauces, and for posterior third of Motor with CN 9 to pharynx IV. Anatomy Nucleii in transmits signals for swallowing Inferior tory nucleus innervates (via otic ) transmits taste signals from posterior third of Also

2018 FP Notebook

75. Cranial Nerve 8

Cranial Nerve 8 Cranial Nerve 8 Toggle navigation Brain Head & Neck Chest Endocrine Abdomen Musculoskeletal Skin Infectious Disease Hematology & Oncology Cohorts Diagnostics Emergency Findings Procedures Prevention & Management Pharmacy Resuscitation Trauma Emergency Procedures Ultrasound Cardiovascular Emergencies Lung Emergencies Infectious Disease Pediatrics Neurologic Emergencies Skin Exposure Miscellaneous Abuse Cancer Administration 4 Cranial Nerve 8 Cranial Nerve 8 Aka: Cranial Nerve 8 (...) , Cranial Nerve VIII , Acoustic Nerve , Cochlear Nerve , Vestibular Nerve , Vestibulocochlear Nerve , CN 8 II. Anatomy Lewis (1918) Gray's Anatomy 20th ed (in at or ) III. Course Originates as two separate nuclei in the r nucleus (innervates ) Vestibular nucleus (innervates semicircular canals) s from both nerves join to form one trunk Passes via to their respective somatic sensory ganglia Spiral (hearing) Vestibular (balance) Auditory signals partially cross the midline Each ear's auditory signals

2018 FP Notebook

76. Cranial Nerve 6

Cranial Nerve 6 Cranial Nerve 6 Toggle navigation Brain Head & Neck Chest Endocrine Abdomen Musculoskeletal Skin Infectious Disease Hematology & Oncology Cohorts Diagnostics Emergency Findings Procedures Prevention & Management Pharmacy Resuscitation Trauma Emergency Procedures Ultrasound Cardiovascular Emergencies Lung Emergencies Infectious Disease Pediatrics Neurologic Emergencies Skin Exposure Miscellaneous Abuse Cancer Administration 4 Cranial Nerve 6 Cranial Nerve 6 Aka: Cranial Nerve 6 (...) , Cranial Nerve VI , Abducens Nerve , CN 6 , Abducens Nucleus II. Physiology Innervates extraocular lateral rectus muscle Moves eye laterally Long thin nerve that is susceptible to compression ( and 6 are similar in this way) Paralysis (unilateral or bilateral) may occur even with generalized Contrast with the which is a thick cable-like nerve requiring significant compression for paralysis III. Anatomy Abducens Nucleus Abducens Nucleus lies beneath facial colliculus in the pons Course As with all other

2018 FP Notebook

77. Cranial Nerve 7

Cranial Nerve 7 Cranial Nerve 7 Toggle navigation Brain Head & Neck Chest Endocrine Abdomen Musculoskeletal Skin Infectious Disease Hematology & Oncology Cohorts Diagnostics Emergency Findings Procedures Prevention & Management Pharmacy Resuscitation Trauma Emergency Procedures Ultrasound Cardiovascular Emergencies Lung Emergencies Infectious Disease Pediatrics Neurologic Emergencies Skin Exposure Miscellaneous Abuse Cancer Administration 4 Cranial Nerve 7 Cranial Nerve 7 Aka: Cranial Nerve 7 (...) , Cranial Nerve VII , Facial Nerve , CN 7 , Geniculate Ganglion , Superior Salivatory Nucleus , Superior Salivary Nucleus II. Causes: Paralysis Neoplasm (Infectious polyneuritis) Melkersson's Syndrome (Recurrent ) Poliomyelitis (ALS) III. Anatomy: Course to Geniculate Ganglion ral Facial Nerve originates in four nucleii in pons and All combine to travel via internal auditory meatus into Geniculate Ganglion Each side of the forehead is innervated by both s (but only one peripheral Facial Nerve) Forehead

2018 FP Notebook

78. Cranial Nerve 5

Cranial Nerve 5 Cranial Nerve 5 Toggle navigation Brain Head & Neck Chest Endocrine Abdomen Musculoskeletal Skin Infectious Disease Hematology & Oncology Cohorts Diagnostics Emergency Findings Procedures Prevention & Management Pharmacy Resuscitation Trauma Emergency Procedures Ultrasound Cardiovascular Emergencies Lung Emergencies Infectious Disease Pediatrics Neurologic Emergencies Skin Exposure Miscellaneous Abuse Cancer Administration 4 Cranial Nerve 5 Cranial Nerve 5 Aka: Cranial Nerve 5 (...) , Cranial Nerve V , Trigeminal Nerve , CN 5 , Trigeminal Lemniscus II. Anatomy Trigeminal Nerve Lewis (1918) Gray's Anatomy 20th ed (in at or ) Alveolar Nerve (V3) Lewis (1918) Gray's Anatomy 20th ed (in at or ) III. Physiology: General Largest Sensory root innervates head and face innervates mastication muscles s cross the midline in the (at the level of the motor or sensory nucleii) Cortical or thalamic CVA involving the trigeminal signals Affects the contralateral face CVA involving the trigeminal

2018 FP Notebook

79. Cranial Nerve 4

Cranial Nerve 4 Cranial Nerve 4 Toggle navigation Brain Head & Neck Chest Endocrine Abdomen Musculoskeletal Skin Infectious Disease Hematology & Oncology Cohorts Diagnostics Emergency Findings Procedures Prevention & Management Pharmacy Resuscitation Trauma Emergency Procedures Ultrasound Cardiovascular Emergencies Lung Emergencies Infectious Disease Pediatrics Neurologic Emergencies Skin Exposure Miscellaneous Abuse Cancer Administration 4 Cranial Nerve 4 Cranial Nerve 4 Aka: Cranial Nerve 4 (...) , Cranial Nerve IV , Trochlear Nerve , CN 4 , Trochlear Nucleus II. Physiology Innervates extraocular muscle: superior oblique muscle Superior oblique muscle passes via pulley (trochlea) Long thin nerve that is susceptible to compression (Cranial Nerve 4 and 6 are similar in this way) Paralysis (unilateral or bilateral) may occur even with generalized Contrast with the Thick cable-like nerve requiring significant compression for paralysis parasympathetic fibers are susceptible to injury as they lie

2018 FP Notebook

80. Cranial Nerve 3

Cranial Nerve 3 Cranial Nerve 3 Toggle navigation Brain Head & Neck Chest Endocrine Abdomen Musculoskeletal Skin Infectious Disease Hematology & Oncology Cohorts Diagnostics Emergency Findings Procedures Prevention & Management Pharmacy Resuscitation Trauma Emergency Procedures Ultrasound Cardiovascular Emergencies Lung Emergencies Infectious Disease Pediatrics Neurologic Emergencies Skin Exposure Miscellaneous Abuse Cancer Administration 4 Cranial Nerve 3 Cranial Nerve 3 Aka: Cranial Nerve 3 (...) , Cranial Nerve III , Oculomotor Nerve , CN 3 , Oculomotor Nucleus , Edinger-Westphal Nucleus II. Anatomy Lewis (1918) Gray's Anatomy 20th ed (in at or ) III. Physiology Parasympathetic fibers follow Cranial Nerve III Innervates the ciliary which in turn supplies sphincter pupillae and ciliaris muscles Parasympathetic impulses result in ( tion) compresses the third nerve Parasympathetic fibers are most susceptible to injury as they lie on the outside of CN III Parasympathetic fiber injury results

2018 FP Notebook

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