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Cranial Nerve 10

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41. Multiple Cranial-Nerve Palsies: An Unusual Culprit Full Text available with Trip Pro

Multiple Cranial-Nerve Palsies: An Unusual Culprit 29629534 2018 11 14 1738-6586 14 2 2018 Apr Journal of clinical neurology (Seoul, Korea) J Clin Neurol Multiple Cranial-Nerve Palsies: An Unusual Culprit. 257-258 10.3988/jcn.2018.14.2.257 Shashikala Turlapati Padmavathi TP Department of Neurology, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research (PGIMER), Chandigarh, India. Mehta Sahil S Department of Neurology, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research (PGIMER (...) ), Chandigarh, India. mehtasahilpgi@gmail.com. Sharma Aman A Department of Rheumatology, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research (PGIMER), Chandigarh, India. Rai Mittal Bhagwant B Department of Nuclear Medicine, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research (PGIMER), Chandigarh, India. eng Case Reports Letter Korea (South) J Clin Neurol 101252374 1738-6586 The authors have no financial conflicts of interest. 2017 11 15 2018 01 10 2018 01 17 2018 4 10 6 0 2018 4 10 6 0 2018 4 10 6

2018 Journal of clinical neurology (Seoul, Korea)

42. Macroprolactinoma causing VI, X, XII cranial nerve palsies nearly 30 years after initial treatment Full Text available with Trip Pro

Macroprolactinoma causing VI, X, XII cranial nerve palsies nearly 30 years after initial treatment A 48-year-old man was diagnosed with a large macroprolactinoma in 1982 treated with surgery, adjuvant radiotherapy and bromocriptine. Normal prolactin was achieved in 2005 but in 2009 it started rising. Pituitary MRIs in 2009, 2012, 2014 and 2015 were reported as showing empty pituitary fossa. Prolactin continued to increase (despite increasing bromocriptine dose). Trialling cabergoline had (...) , there is significant tumour reduction with prolactin 1565 mU/L and cranial nerve deficits have remained stable. Prolactinomas can manifest aggressive behaviour even decades after initial treatment highlighting the unpredictable clinical course they can demonstrate and the need for careful imaging review.Aggressive behaviour of prolactinomas can manifest even decades after first treatment highlighting the unpredictable clinical course these tumours can demonstrate.Escape from control of hyperprolactinaemia

2018 Endocrinology, diabetes & metabolism case reports

43. Treatment of Ramsay-Hunt's syndrome with multiple cranial nerve involvement and severe dysphagia: A case report. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Treatment of Ramsay-Hunt's syndrome with multiple cranial nerve involvement and severe dysphagia: A case report. Ramsay-Hunt's syndrome (RHS) is a disorder characterized by facial paralysis, herpetic eruptions on the auricle, and otic pain due to the reactivation of latent varicella zoster virus in the geniculate ganglion. A few cases of multiple cranial nerve invasion including the vestibulocochlear nerve, glossopharyngeal nerve and vagus nerve have been reported. However, there has been (...) no report about RHS with delayed onset multiple cranial nerve involvement causing severe aspiration, and a clinical course that improved after more than one year of dysphagia rehabilitation and percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG). Here, we report on a 67-year old male with delayed onset swallowing difficulty after 16 days of RHS development.Severe aspiration during swallowing.Severe dysphagia caused by RHS with multiple cranial nerve involvement.Application of percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy

2018 Medicine

44. Samuel Thomas von Sömmerring’s Contributions on the Cranial Nerves and Vomeronasal Organ Full Text available with Trip Pro

Samuel Thomas von Sömmerring’s Contributions on the Cranial Nerves and Vomeronasal Organ Samuel Thomas von Sömmerring (January 28th, 1755, Thorn, then Royal Prussia, now Torun Poland - March 2nd, 1830, Frankfurt am Main, then a free city, now Germany) was one of the most respected Germanic scientists of his time. Whilst working on his philosophy doctorate (Ph.D.) thesis, when he was only 23 years old (circa 1778), Sömmerring proposed a new classification for the arrangement of the cranial (...) nerves, based on the order in which they become visible on the surface of the brain. Amongst his many other anatomical studies worthy of notice, in 1809 Sömmerring began studying the human olfactory system. During this period, he published a detailed text with sketches, being the first to describe in detail the human vomeronasal organ (VNO), working in parallel with Jacobsen, whose name has been synonymous with the VNO, despite denying its existence in man. Nonetheless, Sömmerring's contributions

2018 Cureus

45. The Effectiveness and Risks of Cranial Electrical Stimulation

, PTSD, and insomnia? 9 Table 1. Risk of Bias Assessment for Included Studies 10 Table 2. GRADE Quality of Evidence Table 18 Key Question 2: Compared to usual care, what are the risks of cranial electrical stimulation (CES) for the following conditions: chronic pain, depression, anxiety, PTSD, and insomnia? 18 SUMMARY AND DISCUSSION 20 Summary of Evidence by Key Question 20 Limitations 20 Research Gaps/Future Research 20 Conclusions 21 REFERENCES 22 APPENDIX A. SEARCH STRATEGIES 25 APPENDIX B (...) on the responses from 152 subjects (a 10% response) rate, and found that 99% of respondents believed CES was effective and 99% considered CES to be safe. 5 Another VA study, that included CES among a number of alternative treatments for Veterans Cranial Electrical Stimulation Evidence-based Synthesis Program 3 with chronic pain, found a statistically significant decrease of 1.0 points (on a 0-10 point pain rating scale) in a pre/post study. 6 Anecdotal evidence suggests that the demand for CES devices among

2018 Veterans Affairs Evidence-based Synthesis Program Reports

46. Custom-made or customisable 3D printed implants and cutting guides versus non-3D printed standard implants and cutting guides for improving outcome in patients undergoing knee, maxillofacial, or cranial surgery

guides in knee, maxillofacial, or cranial surgery EUnetHTA Joint Action 3 WP4 4 TABLE OF CONTENTS DOCUMENT HISTORY AND CONTRIBUTORS 2 TABLE OF CONTENTS 4 LIST OF TABLES AND FIGURES 5 LIST OF ABBREVIATIONS 6 1 SUMMARY OF RELATIVE EFFECTIVENESS OF 3D PRINTED CUSTOM-MADE OR CUSTOMISABLE IMPLANTS AND CUTTING GUIDES VERSUS NON-3D PRINTED STANDARD IMPLANTS AND CUTTING GUIDES 9 1.1 SCOPE 9 1.2 INTRODUCTION 9 1.3 METHODS 9 1.4 RESULTS 10 1.5 DISCUSSION 13 1.6 CONCLUSION 13 2 SCOPE 14 3 METHODS AND EVIDENCE (...) 7.1 RESEARCH QUESTIONS 50 7.2 RESULTS 50 8 DISCUSSION 53 9 CONCLUSION 57 10 REFERENCES 58 APPENDIX 1: METHODS AND DESCRIPTION OF THE EVIDENCE USED 63 APPENDIX 2: CHECKLIST FOR POTENTIAL ETHICAL, ORGANISATIONAL, PATIENT AND SOCIAL AND LEGAL ASPECTS 79 APPENDIX 3: TEC DOMAIN - 3D PRINTERS FOR IMPLANTS AND CUTTING GUIDES 81 Custom-made 3D printed implants and cutting guides in knee, maxillofacial, or cranial surgery EUnetHTA Joint Action 3 WP4 5 LIST OF TABLES AND FIGURES Tables Table 1.1: Summary

2019 EUnetHTA

47. Potential Involvement of Draxin in the Axonal Projection of Cranial Nerves, Especially Cranial Nerve X, in the Chick Hindbrain Full Text available with Trip Pro

Potential Involvement of Draxin in the Axonal Projection of Cranial Nerves, Especially Cranial Nerve X, in the Chick Hindbrain The appropriate projection of axons within the nervous system is a crucial component of the establishment of neural circuitry. Draxin is a repulsive axon guidance protein. Draxin has important functions in the guidance of three commissures in the central nervous system and in the migration of neural crest cells and dI3 interneurons in the chick spinal cord. Here, we (...) report that the distribution of the draxin protein and the location of 23C10-positive areas have a strong temporal and spatial correlation. The overexpression of draxin, especially transmembrane draxin, caused 23C10-positive axon bundles to misproject in the dorsal hindbrain. In addition, the overexpression of transmembrane draxin caused abnormal formation of the ganglion crest of the IX and X cranial nerves, misprojection of some anti-human natural killer-1 (HNK-1)-stained structures in the dorsal

2016 Journal of Histochemistry and Cytochemistry

48. NMES to Improve Eyelid Functions in Cranial Nerve (CN) III and VII Palsy

NMES to Improve Eyelid Functions in Cranial Nerve (CN) III and VII Palsy NMES to Improve Eyelid Functions in Cranial Nerve (CN) III and VII Palsy - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting registration or results information. Search for terms x × Study Record Detail Saved Studies Save this study Warning You have reached the maximum number of saved studies (100). Please remove one or more studies before adding more. NMES (...) to Improve Eyelid Functions in Cranial Nerve (CN) III and VII Palsy (EyeStim) The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. of clinical studies and talk to your health care provider before participating. Read our for details. ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03239418 Recruitment Status : Recruiting First Posted : August 4, 2017 Last Update Posted : February

2017 Clinical Trials

49. Clinical correlation of imaging findings in congenital cranial dysinnervation disorders involving abducens nerve Full Text available with Trip Pro

Clinical correlation of imaging findings in congenital cranial dysinnervation disorders involving abducens nerve High-resolution magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of intracranial parts of sixth nerve and seventh nerve and the extraocular muscles (EOMs) in orbit to correlate the clinical characteristics in patients with two special forms of strabismus in congenital cranial dysinnervation disorders which are Duane's retraction syndrome (DRS) and Mobius syndrome.Morphological analysis by 3T MRI (...) of orbit (using surface coils) and brain (using 32 channel head coil) was performed on 6 patients with clinical DRS (1 bilateral), 2 cases with Mobius syndrome, and 1 case with congenital sixth nerve palsy. These were compared with findings in five controls.We observed absence/hypoplasia of sixth nerve in five out of seven eyes with DRS (71.42%), anomalous course in one eye, sixth and seventh nerve absence/hypoplasia in affected eyes with Mobius syndrome and bilateral absence/hypoplasia of the sixth

2017 Indian journal of ophthalmology

50. Tumors Presenting as Multiple Cranial Nerve Palsies Full Text available with Trip Pro

Tumors Presenting as Multiple Cranial Nerve Palsies Cranial nerve palsy could be one of the presenting features of underlying benign or malignant tumors of the head and neck. The tumor can involve the cranial nerves by local compression, direct infiltration or by paraneoplastic process. Cranial nerve involvement depends on the anatomical course of the cranial nerve and the site of the tumor. Patients may present with single or multiple cranial nerve palsies. Multiple cranial nerve involvement (...) could be sequential or discrete, unilateral or bilateral, painless or painful. The presentation could be acute, subacute or recurrent. Anatomic localization is the first step in the evaluation of these patients. The lesion could be in the brain stem, meninges, base of skull, extracranial or systemic disease itself. We present 3 cases of underlying neoplasms presenting as cranial nerve palsies: a case of glomus tumor presenting as cochlear, glossopharyngeal, vagus and hypoglossal nerve palsies

2017 Case reports in neurology

51. Therapeutic outcome of nasopharyngeal carcinoma with cranial nerve palsy: a single institution experience of 104 patients Full Text available with Trip Pro

Therapeutic outcome of nasopharyngeal carcinoma with cranial nerve palsy: a single institution experience of 104 patients Cranial nerve (CN) palsy is the main symptom in patients with locally advanced nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC). This study aimed to evaluate the therapeutic outcome of NPC with CN palsy and to analyze the prognostic factors.A total of 104 NPC patients with CN palsy curatively treated by conventional (n=44) or conformal (n=60) radiotherapy (RT) were enrolled. Upper CN palsy

2017 OncoTargets and therapy

52. Lower cranial nerve palsy after the infrafloccular approach in microvascular decompression for hemifacial spasm Full Text available with Trip Pro

Lower cranial nerve palsy after the infrafloccular approach in microvascular decompression for hemifacial spasm The infrafloccular approach was introduced as a variation in microvascular decompression (MVD) for hemifacial spasm. However, the rate of postoperative lower cranial nerve (CN) palsy can be high. This study investigated the surgical factors in relation to the occurrence of postoperative lower CN palsy.The case records of 103 patients who underwent MVD were reviewed. Dissection around

2017 Surgical neurology international

53. Functional Recovery of Cranial Nerves in Patients with Traumatic Orbital Apex Syndrome Full Text available with Trip Pro

Functional Recovery of Cranial Nerves in Patients with Traumatic Orbital Apex Syndrome Traumatic orbital apex syndrome (TOAS) is a rare disease characterized by the damage of cranial nerves (CNs) II, III, IV, and VI. The aim of our study was to analyze the functional recovery of CNs in TOAS and discuss the management of these patients.We retrospectively reviewed 28 patients with TOAS treated in the Department of Neurosurgery, Shanghai Changzheng Hospital from February 2006 to February 2016

2017 BioMed research international

54. ANCA-Negative Granulomatosis with Polyangiitis Presenting with Hypertrophic Cranial Pachymeningitis, Abducens Nerve Palsy, and Stenosis of the Internal Carotid Artery Full Text available with Trip Pro

ANCA-Negative Granulomatosis with Polyangiitis Presenting with Hypertrophic Cranial Pachymeningitis, Abducens Nerve Palsy, and Stenosis of the Internal Carotid Artery We report a rare case of granulomatosis with polyangiitis (GPA) presenting with hypertrophic cranial pachymeningitis (HCP), abducens nerve palsy, and stenosis of the internal carotid artery (ICA). A 59-year-old Japanese man presented with a year history of nasal obstruction and a 2-month history of slight headache

2017 Case reports in otolaryngology

55. Hydroxyapatite bone cement application for the reconstruction of retrosigmoid craniectomy in the treatment of cranial nerves disorders Full Text available with Trip Pro

Hydroxyapatite bone cement application for the reconstruction of retrosigmoid craniectomy in the treatment of cranial nerves disorders Retromastoid craniectomy (RSC) is a cardinal surgical approach used to access the posterior fossa. Hydroxyapetite bone cement (HBC) is frequently employed for cranioplasty in efforts to prevent cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leak, whilst maintaining low complication rates and good cosmetic satisfaction. The authors aim to determine the safety and effectiveness of HBC (...) for reconstruction RSC used for treatment of various cranial nerves disorders.The authors conducted a retrospective one-center two surgeons review of 113 patients who underwent RSC filled with HBC for the treatment of cranial nerve disorders. The study period extended from January 2011 through April 2016. Charts were reviewed for documentation of descriptors pertinent to the endpoints described above. Revisions and reoperations were excluded from analysis.Ninety-three patients met the inclusion criteria

2017 Surgical neurology international

56. Isolated sixth Cranial Nerve Palsy in a Case Of Severe Pre-Eclampsia Presenting as Postpartum Diplopia Full Text available with Trip Pro

Isolated sixth Cranial Nerve Palsy in a Case Of Severe Pre-Eclampsia Presenting as Postpartum Diplopia Visual symptoms in pregnancy are ominous. The spectrum of ocular symptoms seen in pre-eclampsia includes blurring of vision, scotoma, hemianopia and even total cortical blindness. Diplopia, though rare has also been reported in cases of pre-eclampsia and occurs due to pathological changes affecting the 6th cranial nerve. Ocular symptoms of pre-eclampsia usually regress after delivery

2017 Journal of clinical and diagnostic research : JCDR

57. Sensitivity and specificity of vestibular bed-side examination in detecting VIII cranial nerve schwannoma with sensorineural sudden unilateral hearing loss as presenting symptom Full Text available with Trip Pro

Sensitivity and specificity of vestibular bed-side examination in detecting VIII cranial nerve schwannoma with sensorineural sudden unilateral hearing loss as presenting symptom The objectives of this study were to identify signs of vestibular nerve suffering through a bedside vestibular examination protocol in case of sudden sensorineural unilateral hearing loss without spontaneous signs of vestibular impairment and to propose a bed-side vestibular examination based protocol for the focused

2017 Acta Otorhinolaryngologica Italica

58. Anterior Inferior Cerebellar Arteries Juxtaposed with the Internal Acoustic Meatus and Their Relationship to the Cranial Nerve VII/VIII Complex Full Text available with Trip Pro

Anterior Inferior Cerebellar Arteries Juxtaposed with the Internal Acoustic Meatus and Their Relationship to the Cranial Nerve VII/VIII Complex Vascular loops in the cerebellopontine angle (CPA) and their relationship to cranial nerves have been used to explain neurological symptoms. The anterior inferior cerebellar artery (AICA) has variable branches producing vascular loops that can compress the facial cranial nerve (CN) VII and vestibulocochlear (CN VIII) nerves. AICA compression (...) , 33 arteries (66%) traveled in a plane between the facial/nervus intermedius nerves and the cochlear and vestibular nerves. Five arteries (10%) traveled below the CN VII/VIII complex, six (12%) traveled posterior to the nerve complex, four (8%) formed a semi-circle around the upper half of the nerve complex, and two (4%) traveled between and partially separated the nervus intermedius and facial nerve proper. Our study found that the majority of AICA will travel in a plane between the facial/nervus

2017 Cureus

59. Vestigial-like 3 is a novel Ets1 interacting partner and regulates trigeminal nerve formation and cranial neural crest migration Full Text available with Trip Pro

Vestigial-like 3 is a novel Ets1 interacting partner and regulates trigeminal nerve formation and cranial neural crest migration Drosophila Vestigial is the founding member of a protein family containing a highly conserved domain, called Tondu, which mediates their interaction with members of the TEAD family of transcription factors (Scalloped in Drosophila). In Drosophila, the Vestigial/Scalloped complex controls wing development by regulating the expression of target genes through binding (...) to MCAT sequences. In vertebrates, there are four Vestigial-like genes, the functions of which are still not well understood. Here, we describe the regulation and function of vestigial-like 3 (vgll3) during Xenopus early development. A combination of signals, including FGF8, Wnt8a, Hoxa2, Hoxb2 and retinoic acid, limits vgll3 expression to hindbrain rhombomere 2. We show that vgll3 regulates trigeminal placode and nerve formation and is required for normal neural crest development by affecting

2017 Biology open

60. Cranial Nerve Lymphomatosis Magnetic Resonance Imaging Findings in a Case of Mantle Cell Lymphoma Full Text available with Trip Pro

Cranial Nerve Lymphomatosis Magnetic Resonance Imaging Findings in a Case of Mantle Cell Lymphoma 29234188 2018 11 13 0253-0716 42 5 2017 Sep Iranian journal of medical sciences Iran J Med Sci Cranial Nerve Lymphomatosis Magnetic Resonance Imaging Findings in a Case of Mantle Cell Lymphoma. 512-513 Yılmaz Güliz G Department of Radiology, Gaziosmanpaşa Hospital, Istanbul Yeni Yüzyıl University, Istanbul, Turkey. Akpınar Süha S Department of Radiology, Near East University Hospital, Nicosia

2017 Iranian journal of medical sciences

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