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Cranial Nerve 10

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41. Post-traumatic Unilateral Avulsion of the Abducens Nerve with Damage to Cranial Nerves VII and VIII: Case Report (PubMed)

Post-traumatic Unilateral Avulsion of the Abducens Nerve with Damage to Cranial Nerves VII and VIII: Case Report Traumatic injuries of the abducens nerve as a consequence of facial and/or head trauma occur with or without associated cervical or skull base fracture. This is the first report on unilateral avulsion of the abducens nerve in a 29-year-old man with severe right facial trauma. In addition, he exhibited mild left facial palsy, and moderate left hearing disturbance. Magnetic resonance (...) imaging (MRI) using fast imaging employing steady-state acquisition (FIESTA) revealed avulsion of left sixth cranial nerve. We recommend thin-slice MR examination in patients with abducens palsy after severe facial and/or head trauma.

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2016 NMC Case Report Journal

42. Malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumors of the eighth cranial nerve arising without prior irradiation. (PubMed)

Malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumors of the eighth cranial nerve arising without prior irradiation. OBJECTIVE Malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumors (MPNSTs) of the eighth cranial nerve (CN) are exceedingly rare. To date the literature has focused on MPNSTs occurring after radiation therapy for presumed benign vestibular schwannomas (VSs), while MPNSTs arising without prior irradiation have received little attention. The objectives of the current study are to characterize the epidemiology

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2016 Journal of Neurosurgery

43. The Effectiveness and Risks of Cranial Electrical Stimulation

, PTSD, and insomnia? 9 Table 1. Risk of Bias Assessment for Included Studies 10 Table 2. GRADE Quality of Evidence Table 18 Key Question 2: Compared to usual care, what are the risks of cranial electrical stimulation (CES) for the following conditions: chronic pain, depression, anxiety, PTSD, and insomnia? 18 SUMMARY AND DISCUSSION 20 Summary of Evidence by Key Question 20 Limitations 20 Research Gaps/Future Research 20 Conclusions 21 REFERENCES 22 APPENDIX A. SEARCH STRATEGIES 25 APPENDIX B (...) on the responses from 152 subjects (a 10% response) rate, and found that 99% of respondents believed CES was effective and 99% considered CES to be safe. 5 Another VA study, that included CES among a number of alternative treatments for Veterans Cranial Electrical Stimulation Evidence-based Synthesis Program 3 with chronic pain, found a statistically significant decrease of 1.0 points (on a 0-10 point pain rating scale) in a pre/post study. 6 Anecdotal evidence suggests that the demand for CES devices among

2018 Veterans Affairs Evidence-based Synthesis Program Reports

44. Custom-made or customisable 3D printed implants and cutting guides versus non-3D printed standard implants and cutting guides for improving outcome in patients undergoing knee, maxillofacial, or cranial surgery

guides in knee, maxillofacial, or cranial surgery EUnetHTA Joint Action 3 WP4 4 TABLE OF CONTENTS DOCUMENT HISTORY AND CONTRIBUTORS 2 TABLE OF CONTENTS 4 LIST OF TABLES AND FIGURES 5 LIST OF ABBREVIATIONS 6 1 SUMMARY OF RELATIVE EFFECTIVENESS OF 3D PRINTED CUSTOM-MADE OR CUSTOMISABLE IMPLANTS AND CUTTING GUIDES VERSUS NON-3D PRINTED STANDARD IMPLANTS AND CUTTING GUIDES 9 1.1 SCOPE 9 1.2 INTRODUCTION 9 1.3 METHODS 9 1.4 RESULTS 10 1.5 DISCUSSION 13 1.6 CONCLUSION 13 2 SCOPE 14 3 METHODS AND EVIDENCE (...) 7.1 RESEARCH QUESTIONS 50 7.2 RESULTS 50 8 DISCUSSION 53 9 CONCLUSION 57 10 REFERENCES 58 APPENDIX 1: METHODS AND DESCRIPTION OF THE EVIDENCE USED 63 APPENDIX 2: CHECKLIST FOR POTENTIAL ETHICAL, ORGANISATIONAL, PATIENT AND SOCIAL AND LEGAL ASPECTS 79 APPENDIX 3: TEC DOMAIN - 3D PRINTERS FOR IMPLANTS AND CUTTING GUIDES 81 Custom-made 3D printed implants and cutting guides in knee, maxillofacial, or cranial surgery EUnetHTA Joint Action 3 WP4 5 LIST OF TABLES AND FIGURES Tables Table 1.1: Summary

2019 EUnetHTA

45. A case of idiopathic hypertrophic pachymeningitis presenting with chronic headache and multiple cranial nerve palsies: A case report. (PubMed)

A case of idiopathic hypertrophic pachymeningitis presenting with chronic headache and multiple cranial nerve palsies: A case report. Idiopathic hypertrophic pachymeningitis (IHP) is a rare condition, characterized by a chronic fibrosing inflammatory process usually involving either the intracranial or spinal dura mater, but rarely both. Here, we report a rare case of IHP affecting both the intracranial and spinal dura mater. We also discussed the diagnosis, management, and outcome of IHP.We (...) reviewed the case of a 60-year-old woman presenting with chronic headache, multiple cranial nerve palsies and gait disturbance. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of her head revealed thickened and contrast-enhanced dura in the craniocervical region as well as obstructive hydrocephalus and cerebellar tonsillar herniation. The patient had a suboccipital craniectomy and posterior decompression through C1 plus a total laminectomy. The dura was partially resected to the extent of the bony decompression

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2017 Medicine

46. Third Cranial Nerve Palsy after a Chikungunya Virus Infection. (PubMed)

Third Cranial Nerve Palsy after a Chikungunya Virus Infection. Chikungunya fever is a disease caused by a virus from the same family as dengue and Zika. It is endemic in several parts of the world and has recently spread to Latin America. We report the case of a patient, aged 58 years, from Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, who in 2013 developed an acute bilateral third cranial nerve palsy sparing the pupil. After extensive investigation, it was diagnosed as caused by chikungunya infection. The patient

2017 Strabismus

47. Disseminated Cryptococcosis with Severe Increased Intracranial Pressure Complicated with Cranial Nerve Palsy in a Child. (PubMed)

Disseminated Cryptococcosis with Severe Increased Intracranial Pressure Complicated with Cranial Nerve Palsy in a Child. Cryptococcosis is less common in children than in adults but remains an important cause of pneumonia and meningoencephalitis in both immunocompromised and immunocompetent patients. Intracranial hypertension commonly complicates cryptococcal meningitis and may cause significant visual and neurologic morbidity and mortality. Early and aggressive management of intracranial (...) hypertension in accordance with established guidelines reduces the risk of long-term complications and death. In this case report, we present a 12-year-old girl with cryptococcal meningitis, pneumonitis and dermatitis complicated with cranial nerve palsy and loss of vision. She was successfully treated with serial cerebrospinal fluid drainage, antifungal and interferon gamma therapy.

2017 Pediatric Infectious Dsease Journal

48. Incidence and Etiology of Presumed Fourth Cranial Nerve Palsy: A Population-based Study. (PubMed)

Incidence and Etiology of Presumed Fourth Cranial Nerve Palsy: A Population-based Study. To determine the incidence of isolated, presumed fourth nerve palsy in a defined population, and to report the frequency of each cause.Retrospective, population-based case series.A population-based database was used to identify all cases of isolated fourth nerve palsy in Olmsted County, Minnesota, USA diagnosed over a 15-year period (January 1, 1978 to December 31, 1992). The most likely etiology (...) was determined by review of the entire medical record by 2 ophthalmologists. A priori definitions were applied for assigning cause. The incidence of fourth nerve palsy and the frequency of each etiology were calculated. Decade of life at presentation was recorded.Seventy-three patients (74 episodes, 70 [95%] unilateral) were identified. Mean age at presentation was 41.8 (range 3.3-81.6) years. The age- and sex-adjusted annual incidence rate was 5.73 per 100 000 per year (95% confidence interval [CI] 4.31

2017 American Journal of Ophthalmology

49. Neurological Imaging in Acquired Cranial Nerve Palsy: Ophthalmologists vs. Neurologists. (PubMed)

Neurological Imaging in Acquired Cranial Nerve Palsy: Ophthalmologists vs. Neurologists. Cranial nerve palsies often require neurological imaging by MRI. Guidelines on whether or not to utilize MRI have been absent or lack clarity. In daily practice, both neurologists and ophthalmologists treat patients with cranial nerve palsy and determine whether neuro-imaging is required. There appear to be differences in policy with respect to neuro-imaging. The question, which will be answered (...) in this study, is the following: to what extent do differences in policy exist between ophthalmologists and neurologists regarding imaging by MRI of patients with acquired ocular cranial nerve palsy?PubMed database was searched for literature on acquired cranial nerve palsy and MRI scanning performed by ophthalmologists and neurologists. Case series published between 2000 and 2015 were included. The first author screened the literature on eligibility, profession of the authors, and conducted data

2017 Strabismus

50. Stroke risk among adult patients with third, fourth or sixth cranial nerve palsy: a Nationwide Cohort Study. (PubMed)

Stroke risk among adult patients with third, fourth or sixth cranial nerve palsy: a Nationwide Cohort Study. This study sought to determine whether isolated third, fourth and sixth cranial nerve palsies (NPs) are associated with increased short- and long-term risk of a subsequent stroke.This was a nationwide retrospective propensity score-matched cohort study. A cohort of patients with NP (n = 466) and a randomly selected, propensity-matched control cohort (n = 2281) were extracted from (...) ; the increased risk was both time- and cranial nerve-dependent.© 2017 Acta Ophthalmologica Scandinavica Foundation. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

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2017 Acta ophthalmologica

51. Lower Cranial Nerves Paralysis Following Prone-Position Mechanical Ventilation. (PubMed)

Lower Cranial Nerves Paralysis Following Prone-Position Mechanical Ventilation. To communicate a complication of prone-position ventilation.Case history.Case report.Clinical information from medical record.This is a very infrequent cause of dysphagia following prone-position ventilation.

2017 Critical Care Medicine

52. NMES to Improve Eyelid Functions in Cranial Nerve (CN) III and VII Palsy

NMES to Improve Eyelid Functions in Cranial Nerve (CN) III and VII Palsy NMES to Improve Eyelid Functions in Cranial Nerve (CN) III and VII Palsy - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting registration or results information. Search for terms x × Study Record Detail Saved Studies Save this study Warning You have reached the maximum number of saved studies (100). Please remove one or more studies before adding more. NMES (...) to Improve Eyelid Functions in Cranial Nerve (CN) III and VII Palsy (EyeStim) The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. of clinical studies and talk to your health care provider before participating. Read our for details. ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03239418 Recruitment Status : Recruiting First Posted : August 4, 2017 Last Update Posted : February

2017 Clinical Trials

53. ANCA-Negative Granulomatosis with Polyangiitis Presenting with Hypertrophic Cranial Pachymeningitis, Abducens Nerve Palsy, and Stenosis of the Internal Carotid Artery (PubMed)

ANCA-Negative Granulomatosis with Polyangiitis Presenting with Hypertrophic Cranial Pachymeningitis, Abducens Nerve Palsy, and Stenosis of the Internal Carotid Artery We report a rare case of granulomatosis with polyangiitis (GPA) presenting with hypertrophic cranial pachymeningitis (HCP), abducens nerve palsy, and stenosis of the internal carotid artery (ICA). A 59-year-old Japanese man presented with a year history of nasal obstruction and a 2-month history of slight headache

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2017 Case reports in otolaryngology

54. Tumors Presenting as Multiple Cranial Nerve Palsies (PubMed)

Tumors Presenting as Multiple Cranial Nerve Palsies Cranial nerve palsy could be one of the presenting features of underlying benign or malignant tumors of the head and neck. The tumor can involve the cranial nerves by local compression, direct infiltration or by paraneoplastic process. Cranial nerve involvement depends on the anatomical course of the cranial nerve and the site of the tumor. Patients may present with single or multiple cranial nerve palsies. Multiple cranial nerve involvement (...) could be sequential or discrete, unilateral or bilateral, painless or painful. The presentation could be acute, subacute or recurrent. Anatomic localization is the first step in the evaluation of these patients. The lesion could be in the brain stem, meninges, base of skull, extracranial or systemic disease itself. We present 3 cases of underlying neoplasms presenting as cranial nerve palsies: a case of glomus tumor presenting as cochlear, glossopharyngeal, vagus and hypoglossal nerve palsies

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2017 Case reports in neurology

55. Therapeutic outcome of nasopharyngeal carcinoma with cranial nerve palsy: a single institution experience of 104 patients (PubMed)

Therapeutic outcome of nasopharyngeal carcinoma with cranial nerve palsy: a single institution experience of 104 patients Cranial nerve (CN) palsy is the main symptom in patients with locally advanced nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC). This study aimed to evaluate the therapeutic outcome of NPC with CN palsy and to analyze the prognostic factors.A total of 104 NPC patients with CN palsy curatively treated by conventional (n=44) or conformal (n=60) radiotherapy (RT) were enrolled. Upper CN palsy

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2017 OncoTargets and therapy

56. Lower cranial nerve palsy after the infrafloccular approach in microvascular decompression for hemifacial spasm (PubMed)

Lower cranial nerve palsy after the infrafloccular approach in microvascular decompression for hemifacial spasm The infrafloccular approach was introduced as a variation in microvascular decompression (MVD) for hemifacial spasm. However, the rate of postoperative lower cranial nerve (CN) palsy can be high. This study investigated the surgical factors in relation to the occurrence of postoperative lower CN palsy.The case records of 103 patients who underwent MVD were reviewed. Dissection around

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2017 Surgical neurology international

57. Hydroxyapatite bone cement application for the reconstruction of retrosigmoid craniectomy in the treatment of cranial nerves disorders (PubMed)

Hydroxyapatite bone cement application for the reconstruction of retrosigmoid craniectomy in the treatment of cranial nerves disorders Retromastoid craniectomy (RSC) is a cardinal surgical approach used to access the posterior fossa. Hydroxyapetite bone cement (HBC) is frequently employed for cranioplasty in efforts to prevent cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leak, whilst maintaining low complication rates and good cosmetic satisfaction. The authors aim to determine the safety and effectiveness of HBC (...) for reconstruction RSC used for treatment of various cranial nerves disorders.The authors conducted a retrospective one-center two surgeons review of 113 patients who underwent RSC filled with HBC for the treatment of cranial nerve disorders. The study period extended from January 2011 through April 2016. Charts were reviewed for documentation of descriptors pertinent to the endpoints described above. Revisions and reoperations were excluded from analysis.Ninety-three patients met the inclusion criteria

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2017 Surgical neurology international

58. Sensitivity and specificity of vestibular bed-side examination in detecting VIII cranial nerve schwannoma with sensorineural sudden unilateral hearing loss as presenting symptom (PubMed)

Sensitivity and specificity of vestibular bed-side examination in detecting VIII cranial nerve schwannoma with sensorineural sudden unilateral hearing loss as presenting symptom The objectives of this study were to identify signs of vestibular nerve suffering through a bedside vestibular examination protocol in case of sudden sensorineural unilateral hearing loss without spontaneous signs of vestibular impairment and to propose a bed-side vestibular examination based protocol for the focused

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2017 Acta Otorhinolaryngologica Italica

59. Isolated sixth Cranial Nerve Palsy in a Case Of Severe Pre-Eclampsia Presenting as Postpartum Diplopia (PubMed)

Isolated sixth Cranial Nerve Palsy in a Case Of Severe Pre-Eclampsia Presenting as Postpartum Diplopia Visual symptoms in pregnancy are ominous. The spectrum of ocular symptoms seen in pre-eclampsia includes blurring of vision, scotoma, hemianopia and even total cortical blindness. Diplopia, though rare has also been reported in cases of pre-eclampsia and occurs due to pathological changes affecting the 6th cranial nerve. Ocular symptoms of pre-eclampsia usually regress after delivery

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2017 Journal of clinical and diagnostic research : JCDR

60. Anterior Inferior Cerebellar Arteries Juxtaposed with the Internal Acoustic Meatus and Their Relationship to the Cranial Nerve VII/VIII Complex (PubMed)

Anterior Inferior Cerebellar Arteries Juxtaposed with the Internal Acoustic Meatus and Their Relationship to the Cranial Nerve VII/VIII Complex Vascular loops in the cerebellopontine angle (CPA) and their relationship to cranial nerves have been used to explain neurological symptoms. The anterior inferior cerebellar artery (AICA) has variable branches producing vascular loops that can compress the facial cranial nerve (CN) VII and vestibulocochlear (CN VIII) nerves. AICA compression (...) , 33 arteries (66%) traveled in a plane between the facial/nervus intermedius nerves and the cochlear and vestibular nerves. Five arteries (10%) traveled below the CN VII/VIII complex, six (12%) traveled posterior to the nerve complex, four (8%) formed a semi-circle around the upper half of the nerve complex, and two (4%) traveled between and partially separated the nervus intermedius and facial nerve proper. Our study found that the majority of AICA will travel in a plane between the facial/nervus

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2017 Cureus

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