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Cranial Nerve 10

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261. Imaging Strategies for Suspected Acute Cranial Shunt Failure: A Cost-Effectiveness Analysis. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Imaging Strategies for Suspected Acute Cranial Shunt Failure: A Cost-Effectiveness Analysis. We compared cost-effectiveness of cranial computed tomography (CT), fast sequence magnetic resonance imaging (fsMRI), and ultrasonography measurement of optic nerve sheath diameter (ONSD) for suspected acute shunt failure from the perspective of a health care organization.We modeled 4 diagnostic imaging strategies: (1) CT scan, (2) fsMRI, (3) screening ONSD by using point of care ultrasound (POCUS (...) probability of shunt failure of 30%, a screening POCUS in patients with a normal SS was the most cost-effective. For children with abnormal SS or ONSD measurement, fsMRI was the preferred option over CT. Performing fsMRI on all patients would cost $269 770 to gain 1 additional quality-adjusted life-year compared with POCUS. An imaging pathway that involves CT alone was dominated by ONSD and fsMRI because it was more expensive and less effective.In children with low pretest probability of cranial shunt

2017 Pediatrics

262. Effect of cranial irradiation on sperm concentration of adult survivors of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia: a report from the St. Jude Lifetime Cohort Study†. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Effect of cranial irradiation on sperm concentration of adult survivors of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia: a report from the St. Jude Lifetime Cohort Study†. Does lower dose (<26 Gy) cranial radiation therapy (CRT) used for central nervous system prophylaxis in acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) adversely affect sperm concentration or morphology?CRT doses <26 Gy had no demonstrable adverse effect on sperm concentration or morphology.Treatment with alkylating agents produces oligospermia (...) and azoospermia in some patients. No prior study has been large enough to evaluate the independent effects of alkylating agents and lower dose (<26 Gy) CRT on sperm concentration or morphology.This cross-sectional study included male adult survivors of pediatric ALL who had received alkylating agent chemotherapy with or without CRT and who enrolled in the St. Jude Lifetime Cohort Study (SJLIFE) from September 2007 to October 2013.The inclusion criteria were males, ≥18 years of age, ≥10 years after diagnosis

2017 Human Reproduction

263. Recurrent multiple cranial nerve palsies: a distinctive syndrome of cranial polyneuropathy Full Text available with Trip Pro

Recurrent multiple cranial nerve palsies: a distinctive syndrome of cranial polyneuropathy This report of 14 Thai patients describes the clinical features of a symptom-complex we have termed recurrent multiple cranial nerve palsies. While the disorder is common in South Eastern Asia, patients suffering similar symptoms have been seen in Europe and America. Characteristically, a long prodromal headache precedes the abrupt onset of multiple cranial nerve palsies affecting predominantly, although (...) not exclusively, the oculomotor and facial nerves. Symptoms are self-limited and steroid therapy hastens recovery in most cases. Recurrence after many months or years is not uncommon and different cranial nerves may then be affected. Wider neurological involvement seems not to occur. Although the erythrocyte sedimentation rate is frequently elevated there is no other evidence of co-existing systemic disease. The single necropsy study thus far reported indicates that the pathogenesis of the syndrome

1970 Journal of neurology, neurosurgery, and psychiatry

264. Prognostic value of magnetic resonance imaging-detected cranial nerve invasion in nasopharyngeal carcinoma. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Prognostic value of magnetic resonance imaging-detected cranial nerve invasion in nasopharyngeal carcinoma. We previously reported that magnetic resonance imaging evidence of cranial nerve invasion was an unfavourable prognostic factor in nasopharyngeal carcinoma. However, the prognostic value of this evidence in nasopharyngeal carcinoma treated with intensity-modulated radiotherapy remains unknown.We retrospectively analysed 749 nasopharyngeal carcinoma patients who underwent intensity (...) -modulated radiotherapy.Cranial nerve invasion was observed in 299 (39.9%) patients with T3-4 disease. In T3-4 nasopharyngeal carcinoma, magnetic resonance imaging-detected cranial nerve invasion was associated with inferior 5-year overall survival, distant metastasis-free survival, and locoregional relapse-free survival (P=0.002, 0.003, and 0.012, respectively). Multivariate analyses confirmed that cranial nerve invasion was an independent prognostic factor for distant metastasis-free survival (hazard

2014 British Journal of Cancer

265. Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Noninvasive Cranial Nerve Neuromodulation for Nervous System Disorders. (Abstract)

Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Noninvasive Cranial Nerve Neuromodulation for Nervous System Disorders. To systematically review the medical literature and comprehensively summarize clinical research done on rehabilitation with a novel portable and noninvasive electrical stimulation device called the cranial nerve noninvasive neuromodulator in patients suffering from nervous system disorders.PubMed, MEDLINE, and Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews from 1966 to March 2013.Studies were (...) included if they recruited adult patients with peripheral and central nervous system disorders, were treated with the cranial nerve noninvasive neuromodulator device, and were assessed with objective measures of function.After title and abstract screening of potential articles, full texts were independently reviewed to identify articles that met inclusion criteria.The search identified 12 publications: 5 were critically reviewed, and of these 5, 2 were combined in a meta-analysis. There were

2014 Archives of physical medicine and rehabilitation

266. Cranial-nerve Non-invasive Neuromodulation (CN-NINM) for Balance Deficits After Mild Traumatic Brain Injury (Full Trial)

Cranial-nerve Non-invasive Neuromodulation (CN-NINM) for Balance Deficits After Mild Traumatic Brain Injury (Full Trial) Cranial-nerve Non-invasive Neuromodulation (CN-NINM) for Balance Deficits After Mild Traumatic Brain Injury (Full Trial) - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting registration or results information. Search for terms x × Study Record Detail Saved Studies Save this study Warning You have reached the maximum (...) number of saved studies (100). Please remove one or more studies before adding more. Cranial-nerve Non-invasive Neuromodulation (CN-NINM) for Balance Deficits After Mild Traumatic Brain Injury (Full Trial) (CN-NINM) The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our for details. ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02125591 Recruitment Status

2014 Clinical Trials

267. Teeth and Jaw Misalignment in Patients Suffering From Congenital Fourth Cranial Nerve Palsy

Teeth and Jaw Misalignment in Patients Suffering From Congenital Fourth Cranial Nerve Palsy Teeth and Jaw Misalignment in Patients Suffering From Congenital Fourth Cranial Nerve Palsy - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting registration or results information. Search for terms x × Study Record Detail Saved Studies Save this study Warning You have reached the maximum number of saved studies (100). Please remove one or more (...) studies before adding more. Teeth and Jaw Misalignment in Patients Suffering From Congenital Fourth Cranial Nerve Palsy (IVPareseZahn) The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our for details. ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02149355 Recruitment Status : Unknown Verified May 2014 by University of Zurich. Recruitment status was: Recruiting

2014 Clinical Trials

268. Cranial-nerve Non-invasive Neuromodulation (CN-NINM) for Balance Deficits After Mild Traumatic Brain Injury (Pilot Trial)

Cranial-nerve Non-invasive Neuromodulation (CN-NINM) for Balance Deficits After Mild Traumatic Brain Injury (Pilot Trial) Cranial-nerve Non-invasive Neuromodulation (CN-NINM) for Balance Deficits After Mild Traumatic Brain Injury (Pilot Trial) - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting registration or results information. Search for terms x × Study Record Detail Saved Studies Save this study Warning You have reached the maximum (...) number of saved studies (100). Please remove one or more studies before adding more. Cranial-nerve Non-invasive Neuromodulation (CN-NINM) for Balance Deficits After Mild Traumatic Brain Injury (Pilot Trial) The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our for details. ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02109198 Recruitment Status : Withdrawn

2014 Clinical Trials

269. Detection of third and sixth cranial nerve palsies with a novel method for eye tracking while watching a short film clip. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Detection of third and sixth cranial nerve palsies with a novel method for eye tracking while watching a short film clip. Automated eye movement tracking may provide clues to nervous system function at many levels. Spatial calibration of the eye tracking device requires the subject to have relatively intact ocular motility that implies function of cranial nerves (CNs) III (oculomotor), IV (trochlear), and VI (abducent) and their associated nuclei, along with the multiple regions of the brain (...) , or surgically treatable pathological conditions potentially impacting these nerves. The authors compared the ratio of vertical to horizontal eye movement (height/width defined as aspect ratio) in normal and test subjects.In 157 normal controls, the aspect ratio (height/width) for the left eye had a mean value ± SD of 1.0117 ± 0.0706. For the right eye, the aspect ratio had a mean of 1.0077 ± 0.0679 in these 157 subjects. There was no difference between sexes or ages. A patient with known CN VI palsy had

2014 Journal of Neurosurgery

270. Incidence, impact, and predictors of cranial nerve palsy and haematoma following carotid endarterectomy in the international carotid stenting study. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Incidence, impact, and predictors of cranial nerve palsy and haematoma following carotid endarterectomy in the international carotid stenting study. Cranial nerve palsy (CNP) and neck haematoma are complications of carotid endarterectomy (CEA). The effects of patient factors and surgical technique were analysed on the risk, and impact on disability, of CNP or haematoma in the surgical arm of the International Carotid Stenting Study (ICSS), a randomized controlled clinical trial of stenting

2014 European journal of vascular and endovascular surgery : the official journal of the European Society for Vascular Surgery Controlled trial quality: predicted high

271. Masseteric Nerve Transfer for Facial Nerve Paralysis: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis. Full Text available with Trip Pro

for studies on masseteric nerve transfer for facial nerve paralysis.Studies that examined masseter nerve transfer with additional cranial nerve transposition/coaptation or muscle flap were excluded.Literature review and data extraction followed established PRISMA guidelines. Two researchers extracted data independently.The main planned outcomes for the study were quantitative results of facial nerve movement after nerve transfer including oral commissure movement and time to nerve recovery.A total of 13 (...) to the main facial nerve trunk, whereas 7 used distal branches (buccal or zygomatic). Four studies used interposition nerve grafts with great auricular nerve. Two measures, improvement in oral commissure excursion and length from reanimation to facial movement, were measured consistently across the studies. Pooled analysis showed time from surgery to first facial movement, described in 10 studies, to be 4.95 months (95% CI, 3.66 to 6.24). Distal branch coaptation improved time to recovery vs main branch

2017 JAMA facial plastic surgery

272. Factors associated with abducens nerve recovery in patients undergoing surgical resection of sixth nerve schwannoma: A systematic review and case illustration. (Abstract)

Factors associated with abducens nerve recovery in patients undergoing surgical resection of sixth nerve schwannoma: A systematic review and case illustration. Limited or no literature exists identifying factors associated with functional nerve recovery in patients undergoing resection of sixth cranial nerve (CN VI) schwannomas.A systematic review of literature was performed on CN VI schwannomas that were treated surgically. Synthesizing the findings pooled from the literature, we investigated (...) [CI], 0.01-0.98; P = 0.048) of postsurgical CN VI recovery. Although female gender (OR, 0.86; 95% CI, 0.07-10.09; P = 0.906), large tumor size (>2.5 cm) (OR, 0.45; 95% CI, 0.07-2.89; P = 0.397), and solid consistency (OR, 0.37; 95% CI, 0.03-4.19; P = 0.421) were associated with lesser odds for recovery, these were not statistically significant. Likewise, although gross total resection (OR, 6.28; 95% CI, 0.33-118.25; P = 0.220) was associated with higher odds of nerve recovery, the estimates were

2017 World neurosurgery

273. Comparison of Two Segment Combined Instrumentation and Fusion versus Three Segment Posterior Instrumentation in Thoracolumbar Burst Fractures: A Randomized Clinical Trial with 10 Years of Follow Up. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Comparison of Two Segment Combined Instrumentation and Fusion versus Three Segment Posterior Instrumentation in Thoracolumbar Burst Fractures: A Randomized Clinical Trial with 10 Years of Follow Up. To compare the clinical and functional outcomes between combined anterior and posterior 2-segment spinal fusion and posterior 3-segment spinal fusion in patients with thoracolumbar (TL) burst fractures at risk for posttraumatic kyphosis without neurological deficit.Twenty-seven patients with TL (...) burst fracture, > 20° kyphosis and/or 50% collapse, and posterior ligament injury, but without neurological deficit, were randomly assigned into posterior and combined groups. Posterior treatment was 3-segment (1 level below, fractured level and 2 levels above) posterior spinal fusion. Combined treatment was including 1 cranial and 1 caudal levels posterior spinal fusion, followed by anterior corpectomy, cage, and bone grafting. Patients were followed-up for a mean duration of 117.7 ± 8.7 months

2019 Turkish neurosurgery Controlled trial quality: uncertain

274. Schwannoma, Cranial Nerve

Schwannoma, Cranial Nerve Cranial Nerve Schwannoma Imaging: Practice Essentials, Radiography, Computed Tomography Edition: No Results No Results Please confirm that you would like to log out of Medscape. If you log out, you will be required to enter your username and password the next time you visit. https://profreg.medscape.com/px/getpracticeprofile.do?method=getProfessionalProfile&urlCache=aHR0cHM6Ly9lbWVkaWNpbmUubWVkc2NhcGUuY29tL2FydGljbGUvMzM2MTQxLW92ZXJ2aWV3 processing > Cranial Nerve (...) Schwannoma Imaging Updated: Apr 28, 2017 Author: Mahesh Jayaraman, MD; Chief Editor: James G Smirniotopoulos, MD Share Email Print Feedback Close Sections Sections Cranial Nerve Schwannoma Imaging Practice Essentials Before the advent of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), imaging of the cranial nerves (CNs) was difficult, and mass lesions arising from these nerves was often indirectly detected only by looking at bony changes in the skull base foramen or by using invasive techniques such as cisternography

2014 eMedicine Radiology

275. Perineural Spread of Tumor Along the Fifth and Seventh Cranial Nerves

Perineural Spread of Tumor Along the Fifth and Seventh Cranial Nerves Perineural Spread of Tumor Along the Fifth and Seventh Cranial Nerves: Overview, Anatomy, Tumor Spread Along the Trigeminal Nerve Edition: No Results No Results Please confirm that you would like to log out of Medscape. If you log out, you will be required to enter your username and password the next time you visit. https://profreg.medscape.com/px/getpracticeprofile.do?method=getProfessionalProfile&urlCache (...) =aHR0cHM6Ly9lbWVkaWNpbmUubWVkc2NhcGUuY29tL2FydGljbGUvODc1Nzg2LW92ZXJ2aWV3 processing > Perineural Spread of Tumor Along the Fifth and Seventh Cranial Nerves Updated: Nov 04, 2018 Author: Bradley A Schiff, MD; Chief Editor: Arlen D Meyers, MD, MBA Share Email Print Feedback Close Sections Sections Perineural Spread of Tumor Along the Fifth and Seventh Cranial Nerves Overview Overview Perineural spread of a tumor, or spread of tumor along a nerve, is one of the more insidious forms of tumor growth. [ ] This form of spread is more commonly found in malignant rather

2014 eMedicine Surgery

276. Cranial Dysraphism

Cranial Dysraphism Cranial Dysraphism Toggle navigation Brain Head & Neck Chest Endocrine Abdomen Musculoskeletal Skin Infectious Disease Hematology & Oncology Cohorts Diagnostics Emergency Findings Procedures Prevention & Management Pharmacy Resuscitation Trauma Emergency Procedures Ultrasound Cardiovascular Emergencies Lung Emergencies Infectious Disease Pediatrics Neurologic Emergencies Skin Exposure Miscellaneous Abuse Cancer Administration 4 Cranial Dysraphism Cranial Dysraphism Aka (...) : Cranial Dysraphism , Cranial Neural Tube Defect , Cranial Bifidum , Cephalocele , Encephalocele , Anencephaly , Congenital Exophytic Scalp Nodule From Related Chapters II. Definitions Cranial Dysraphism Incomplete raphe closure results in Cranial Bifidum Cranial Bifidum Bony midline cranial defect allowing Cephalocele Cephalocele Congenital tion of intracranial contents or brain protrudes via a scalp defect Cranial tion of and cerebrospinal fluid Encephalocele tion of brain through skull defect

2018 FP Notebook

277. On the Relations between the Function, Structure, Origin, and Distribution of the Nerve-Fibres, which compose the Spinal and Cranial Nerves, being the Marshall Hall Prize Oration Full Text available with Trip Pro

On the Relations between the Function, Structure, Origin, and Distribution of the Nerve-Fibres, which compose the Spinal and Cranial Nerves, being the Marshall Hall Prize Oration 20896734 2011 03 29 2011 03 29 0959-5287 71 1888 Medico-chirurgical transactions Med Chir Trans On the Relations between the Function, Structure, Origin, and Distribution of the Nerve-Fibres, which compose the Spinal and Cranial Nerves, being the Marshall Hall Prize Oration. 363-376.1 Gaskell W H WH eng Journal Article (...) England Med Chir Trans 0156105 0959-5287 2010 10 5 6 0 1888 1 1 0 0 1888 1 1 0 1 ppublish 20896734 PMC2121469

1888 Medico-chirurgical transactions

278. Minute Anatomy of the Vagus Nerve in Selachians, with Remarks on the Segmental Value of the Cranial Nerves Full Text available with Trip Pro

Minute Anatomy of the Vagus Nerve in Selachians, with Remarks on the Segmental Value of the Cranial Nerves 17231805 2007 02 07 2008 11 20 23 Pt 3 1889 Apr Journal of anatomy and physiology J Anat Physiol Minute Anatomy of the Vagus Nerve in Selachians, with Remarks on the Segmental Value of the Cranial Nerves. 428-51 Shore T W TW St Bartholomew's Medical School. eng Journal Article England J Anat Physiol 7900125 1889 4 1 0 0 1889 4 1 0 1 1889 4 1 0 0 ppublish 17231805 PMC1288806

1889 Journal of Anatomy and Physiology

279. Lesion of Both Auditory Nerves, together with Several Other Cranial Nerves on the Left Side Full Text available with Trip Pro

Lesion of Both Auditory Nerves, together with Several Other Cranial Nerves on the Left Side 19987849 2010 06 22 2010 06 22 0035-9157 24 2 1930 Dec Proceedings of the Royal Society of Medicine Proc. R. Soc. Med. Lesion of Both Auditory Nerves, together with Several Other Cranial Nerves on the Left Side. 107-8 Weber F P FP Scholtz M M eng Journal Article England Proc R Soc Med 7505890 0035-9157 2009 12 9 6 0 1930 12 1 0 0 1930 12 1 0 1 ppublish 19987849 PMC2182045

1930 Proceedings of the Royal Society of Medicine

280. Virus Lesions of the Cranial Nerves with Special Reference to the VIII Nerve Full Text available with Trip Pro

Virus Lesions of the Cranial Nerves with Special Reference to the VIII Nerve 14080062 1996 12 01 2018 12 01 0035-9157 56 1963 Sep Proceedings of the Royal Society of Medicine Proc. R. Soc. Med. VIRUS LESIONS OF THE CRANIAL NERVES WITH SPECIAL REFERENCE TO THE VIII NERVE. 777-80 DAWES J D JD eng Journal Article England Proc R Soc Med 7505890 0035-9157 OM Classification Cochlear Nerve Cranial Nerves Diagnosis Humans Pathology Peripheral Nervous System Diseases Vestibulocochlear Nerve ACOUSTIC (...) NERVE CLASSIFICATION DIAGNOSIS PATHOLOGY PERIPHERAL NERVE DISEASES 1963 9 1 1963 9 1 0 1 1963 9 1 0 0 ppublish 14080062 PMC1897198 Q J Med. 1956 Oct;25(100):427-505 13379602 Brain. 1959 Dec;82:566-80 14431325

1963 Proceedings of the Royal Society of Medicine

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