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Cover Test

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1. Role of a Standardized Prism Under Cover Test in the Assessment of Dissociated Vertical Deviation. (PubMed)

Role of a Standardized Prism Under Cover Test in the Assessment of Dissociated Vertical Deviation. Dissociated vertical deviation (DVD) is commonly measured using a prism and alternate cover test (PACT), but some providers use a prism under cover test (PUCT). The aim of this study was to compare a standardized PUCT measurement with a PACT measurement, for assessing the magnitude of DVD.Thirty-six patients with a clinical diagnosis of DVD underwent measurement of the angle of deviation (...) with the PACT, fixing with the habitually fixing eye, and with PUCT, fixing both right and left eyes. The PUCT was standardized, using a 10-second cover for each prism magnitude, until the deviation was neutralized. The magnitude of hyperdeviation by PACT and PUCT was compared for the non-fixing eye, using paired non-parametric tests. The frequency of discrepancies more than 4 prism diopters (PD) between PACT and PUCT was calculated.The magnitude of hyperdeviation was greater when measured with PUCT (range

2018 Strabismus

2. Integrity Testing of Pile Cover Using Distributed Fibre Optic Sensing (PubMed)

Integrity Testing of Pile Cover Using Distributed Fibre Optic Sensing The integrity of cast-in-place foundation piles is a major concern in geotechnical engineering. In this study, distributed fibre optic sensing (DFOS) cables, embedded in a pile during concreting, are used to measure the changes in concrete curing temperature profile to infer concrete cover thickness through modelling of heat transfer processes within the concrete and adjacent ground. A field trial was conducted at a high-rise (...) building construction site in London during the construction of a 51 m long test pile. DFOS cables were attached to the reinforcement cage of the pile at four different axial directions to obtain distributed temperature change data along the pile. The monitoring data shows a clear development of concrete hydration temperature with time and the pattern of the change varies due to small changes in concrete cover. A one-dimensional axisymmetric heat transfer finite element (FE) model is used to estimate

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2017 Sensors (Basel, Switzerland)

3. Dealing with a measles outbreak cost 20 times that of increasing vaccination cover

Dealing with a measles outbreak cost 20 times that of increasing vaccination cover Dealing with a measles outbreak cost 20 times that of increasing vaccination cover Discover Portal Discover Portal Dealing with a measles outbreak cost 20 times that of increasing vaccination cover Published on 7 June 2016 doi: New research show that the total cost of the 2012-13 measles outbreak in Merseyside (£4.4 million) was more than twenty times the cost of the vaccinations that could have prevented (...) estimated for the first four month period and extrapolated to cover the whole outbreak period of 18 months. There were 2,458 reported cases of measles in the Merseyside outbreak, of which 652 cases were confirmed and 1,808 were probable or possible (see Definitions). The cost of preventing the outbreak included an extra 11,793 vaccinations over five years, the number thought necessary to achieve the desired public immunity coverage of 95%. Some assumptions of costs are up for debate, but even

2019 NIHR Dissemination Centre

4. Closing a Healthcare Gap: Medicare Finally Covers Hepatitis B Testing in At-risk Seniors

Closing a Healthcare Gap: Medicare Finally Covers Hepatitis B Testing in At-risk Seniors Closing a Healthcare Gap: Medicare Finally Covers Hepatitis B Testing in At-risk Seniors - Hepatitis B Foundation , Closing a Healthcare Gap: Medicare Finally Covers Hepatitis B Testing in At-risk Seniors Image courtesy of stockimages at FreeDigitalPhotos.net By Christine Kukka insurance pays for seniors to get vaccinated against hepatitis B, but it doesn’t cover testing to find out if they’re infected (...) and need life-saving treatment. The federal government is now poised to close this glaring healthcare gap that prevents at-risk seniors from getting screened for hepatitis B. Last week, the proposed to cover hepatitis B testing in seniors age 65 and older who may be at risk of the liver infection. Currently, the majority of the estimated 2 million Americans with chronic hepatitis B are , and the longer they are infected, the higher their risk of liver damage and cancer. This preventive screening saves

2016 hepbblog

5. Best Dressed Test: A Study of the Covering Behavior of the Collector Urchin Tripneustes gratilla (PubMed)

Best Dressed Test: A Study of the Covering Behavior of the Collector Urchin Tripneustes gratilla Many sea urchin genera exhibit cryptic covering behaviors. One such behavior has been documented in the sea urchin Tripneustes gratilla, and previous studies have theorized that this behavior serves as protection from UV radiation. However, other hypotheses have been presented such as protection from predators or added weight to help T. gratilla resist strong currents. A field study was conducted (...) in October-November 2015 in Moorea, French Polynesia to assess urchin covering behavior in natural habitats. The study found that urchins partially underneath rocks covered more, and with more algae, than urchins totally underneath rocks. To test if this behavior was driven by light intensity, a series of 30-minute experimental trials were run on 10 individuals in bright and dim conditions. Individuals were given red and clear plastic, and percent cover of each was recorded. These tests were repeated

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2016 PloS one

6. Cover Test

Cover Test Cover Test Toggle navigation Brain Head & Neck Chest Endocrine Abdomen Musculoskeletal Skin Infectious Disease Hematology & Oncology Cohorts Diagnostics Emergency Findings Procedures Prevention & Management Pharmacy Resuscitation Trauma Emergency Procedures Ultrasound Cardiovascular Emergencies Lung Emergencies Infectious Disease Pediatrics Neurologic Emergencies Skin Exposure Miscellaneous Abuse Cancer Administration 4 Cover Test Cover Test Aka: Cover Test , Cover-Uncover Test (...) , Alternate Eye Cover Test II. Indications Testing for (exotropia or esotropia) III. Technique: General Test with both a near object and a far object Repeat each test 3 times for reproducibility Choose an interesting object for a child to fixate on (e.g. small toy, penlight) IV. Technique: Cover Test Child fixates on a point (e.g. small toy, penlight) Cover one eye Observe for movement of uncovered eye Abnormal or positive test suggests manifest strabsimus (tropia) Cover other eye and repeat test V

2018 FP Notebook

7. Dealing with a measles outbreak cost 20 times that of increasing vaccination cover

Dealing with a measles outbreak cost 20 times that of increasing vaccination cover Dealing with a measles outbreak cost 20 times that of increasing vaccination cover Discover Portal Discover Portal Dealing with a measles outbreak cost 20 times that of increasing vaccination cover Published on 7 June 2016 doi: New research show that the total cost of the 2012-13 measles outbreak in Merseyside (£4.4 million) was more than twenty times the cost of the vaccinations that could have prevented (...) estimated for the first four month period and extrapolated to cover the whole outbreak period of 18 months. There were 2,458 reported cases of measles in the Merseyside outbreak, of which 652 cases were confirmed and 1,808 were probable or possible (see Definitions). The cost of preventing the outbreak included an extra 11,793 vaccinations over five years, the number thought necessary to achieve the desired public immunity coverage of 95%. Some assumptions of costs are up for debate, but even

2018 NIHR Dissemination Centre

8. Navigation accuracy comparing non-covered frame and use of plastic sterile drapes to cover the reference frame in 3D acquisition (PubMed)

Navigation accuracy comparing non-covered frame and use of plastic sterile drapes to cover the reference frame in 3D acquisition Advancements in surgical navigation technology coupled with 3-dimensional (3D) radiographic data have significantly enhanced the accuracy and efficiency of spinal fusion implant placement. Increased usage of such technology has led to rising concerns regarding maintenance of the sterile field, as makeshift drape systems are fraught with breaches thus presenting (...) increased risk of surgical site infections (SSIs). A clinical need exists for a sterile draping solution with these techniques. Our objective was to quantify expected accuracy error associated with 2MM and 4MM thickness Sterile-Z Patient Drape® using Medtronic O-Arm® Surgical Imaging with StealthStation® S7® Navigation System. Camera distance to reference frame was investigated for contribution to accuracy error.A testing jig was placed on the radiolucent table and the Medtronic passive reference frame

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2017 Journal of Spine Surgery

9. What is the most accurate and cost-effective direct test (ELF test, hyaluronic acid, P3NP, Fibroscan or ARFI elastography) for detecting and staging liver fibrosis and/or cirrhosis in patients with diagnosed or suspected non-alcoholic fatty liver disease,

What is the most accurate and cost-effective direct test (ELF test, hyaluronic acid, P3NP, Fibroscan or ARFI elastography) for detecting and staging liver fibrosis and/or cirrhosis in patients with diagnosed or suspected non-alcoholic fatty liver disease, SHTG Evidence note | 1 Evidence Note Number 82 July 2018 In response to an enquiry from the Scottish Clinical Biochemistry Managed Diagnostic Network What is the most accurate and cost-effective direct test (ELF test™, hyaluronic acid, P3NP (...) upon a review of the published secondary clinical and cost effectiveness literature, and has been peer reviewed by experts across NHS Scotland. Key points ? The ELF test™, hyaluronic acid and P3NP are direct serum biomarker tests, and Fibroscan® and ARFI elastography are direct imaging tests, for the detection and staging of liver fibrosis and cirrhosis. ? All included studies evaluated test performance in a secondary or tertiary care setting. SHTG Evidence note | 2 ? All five direct tests

2018 Evidence Notes from Healthcare Improvement Scotland

10. AIM Clinical Appropriateness Guidelines for Pharmacogenetic Testing and Genetic Testing for Thrombotic Disorders

- The patient is pregnant - Females considering estrogen contraception or hormone replacement therapy if results would influence decision to use estrogen The following tests are not medically necessary: • MTHFR CPT Codes The following codes are associated with the guidelines in the document. This list is not all inclusive. Covered when medical necessity criteria are met: 81225 CYP2C19 (cytochrome P450, family 2, subfamily C, polypeptide 19) (eg, drug metabolism), gene analysis, common variants (eg, *2, *3 (...) AIM Clinical Appropriateness Guidelines for Pharmacogenetic Testing and Genetic Testing for Thrombotic Disorders Appropriate.Safe.Affordable © 2019 AIM Specialty Health 2065—0319b Clinical Appropriateness Guidelines Pharmacogenetic Testing and Genetic Testing for Thrombotic Disorders EFFECTIVE MARCH 31, 2019 PROPRIETARY Guidelines developed by, and used with permission from, Informed Medical Decisions, Inc. © 2019 Informed Medical Decisions, Inc. All Rights Reserved. 2 Table of Contents Scope 3

2019 AIM Specialty Health

11. Grizzly bear response to fine spatial and temporal scale spring snow cover in Western Alberta. (PubMed)

) spring habitat selection and use across western Alberta, Canada. Made possible by newly available fine-scale snow cover data, this research tests a hypothesis that grizzly bears select for locations with less snow cover and areas where snow melts sooner during spring (den emergence to May 31st). Using Integrated Step Selection Analysis, a series of models were built to examine whether snow cover information such as fractional snow covered area and date of snow melt improved models constructed based (...) Grizzly bear response to fine spatial and temporal scale spring snow cover in Western Alberta. Snow dynamics influence seasonal behaviors of wildlife, such as denning patterns and habitat selection related to the availability of food resources. Under a changing climate, characteristics of the temporal and spatial patterns of snow are predicted to change, and as a result, there is a need to better understand how species interact with snow dynamics. This study examines grizzly bear (Ursus arctos

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2019 PLoS ONE

12. Managing nitrogen through cover crop species selection in the U.S. mid-Atlantic. (PubMed)

cover crop stands might balance the N fixing and N scavenging capabilities of individual species. We tested six cover crop monocultures and four mixtures for their effects on N cycling in an organically managed maize-soybean-wheat feed grain rotation in Pennsylvania, USA. For three years, we used a suite of integrated approaches to quantify N dynamics, including extractable soil inorganic N, buried anion exchange resins, bucket lysimeters, and plant N uptake. All cover crop species, including legume (...) Managing nitrogen through cover crop species selection in the U.S. mid-Atlantic. Cover crops have the potential to be agricultural nitrogen (N) regulators that reduce leaching through soils and then deliver N to subsequent cash crops. Yet, regulating N in this way has proven difficult because the few cover crop species that are well-studied excel at either reducing N leaching or increasing N supply to cash crops, but they fail to excel at both simultaneously. We hypothesized that mixed species

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2019 PLoS ONE

13. Cover crop mixture diversity, biomass productivity, weed suppression, and stability. (PubMed)

Cover crop mixture diversity, biomass productivity, weed suppression, and stability. The diversity-productivity, diversity-invasibility, and diversity-stability hypotheses propose that increasing species diversity should lead, respectively, to increased average biomass productivity, invasion resistance, and stability. We tested these three hypotheses in the context of cover crop mixtures, evaluating the effects of increasing cover crop mixture diversity on aboveground biomass, weed suppression (...) , and biomass stability. Twenty to forty cover crop treatments were replicated three or four times at eleven sites using eighteen species representing three cover crop species each from six pre-defined functional groups: cool-season grasses, cool-season legumes, cool-season brassicas, warm-season grasses, warm-season legumes, and warm-season broadleaves. Each species was seeded as a pure stand, and the most diverse treatment contained all eighteen species. Remaining treatments included treatments

2019 PLoS ONE

14. A business process clustering algorithm using incremental covering arrays to explore search space and balanced Bayesian information criterion to evaluate quality of solutions. (PubMed)

A business process clustering algorithm using incremental covering arrays to explore search space and balanced Bayesian information criterion to evaluate quality of solutions. The reuse of business processes (BPs) requires similarities between them to be suitably identified. Various approaches have been introduced to address this problem, but many of them feature a high computational cost and a low level of automation. This paper presents a clustering algorithm that groups business processes (...) retrieved from a multimodal search system (based on textual and structural information). The algorithm is based on Incremental Covering Arrays (ICAs) with different alphabets to determine the possible number of groups to be created for each row of the ICA. The proposed algorithm also incorporates Balanced Bayesian Information Criterion to determine the optimal number of groups and the best solution for each query. Experimental evaluation shows that the use of ICAs with strength four (4) and different

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2019 PLoS ONE

15. High prevalence of cervical high-risk human papillomavirus infection mostly covered by Gardasil-9 prophylactic vaccine in adult women living in N'Djamena, Chad. (PubMed)

High prevalence of cervical high-risk human papillomavirus infection mostly covered by Gardasil-9 prophylactic vaccine in adult women living in N'Djamena, Chad. We conducted in 2018 a descriptive, quantitative, population-based, cross-sectional survey estimating the prevalence of cervical high-risk human papillomavirus (HR-HPV) infection and associated risk factors among adult women living in N'Djamena, Chad.Five of the 10 districts of N'Djamena were randomly selected for inclusion. Peer (...) educators contacted adult women in community-churches or women association networks to participate in the survey and come to the clinic for women's sexual health "La Renaissance Plus", N'Djamena. Medical, socio-demographical and behavioral informations were collected. HPV DNA was detected and genotyped in endocervical swab using Anyplex II HPV28 genotyping test (Seegene, Seoul, South Korea).253 women (mean age, 35.0 years; range, 25-65) including 3.5% of HIV-positive women were prospectively enrolled

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2019 PLoS ONE

16. The transition from bee-to-fly dominated communities with increasing elevation and greater forest canopy cover. (PubMed)

The transition from bee-to-fly dominated communities with increasing elevation and greater forest canopy cover. Insect pollinator communities are thought to transition from bee-dominated communities at low elevations to fly-dominated communities at high elevations. We predicted that increased tree canopy cover and a subsequent decrease in meadows and flowering plants would limit bees but not flies at higher elevations. We tested and supported this prediction by examining changes in both (...) abundance and species richness for 128 bee species and 96 fly species at key points along an elevational gradient in Northern Arizona represented by distinct vegetation life zones. In addition to an increase in fly species and abundance relative to bees with increasing elevation, there were changes in community structure). To better understand factors that might influence this transition we examined how tree canopy cover changed along the elevational gradient and how this influenced the change in insect

2019 PLoS ONE

17. Anti-anginal drugs-beliefs and evidence: systematic review covering 50 years of medical treatment

Anti-anginal drugs-beliefs and evidence: systematic review covering 50 years of medical treatment Chronic stable angina is the most prevalent symptom of ischaemic heart disease and its management is a priority. Current guidelines recommend pharmacological therapy with drugs classified as being first line (beta blockers, calcium channel blockers, short acting nitrates) or second line (long-acting nitrates, ivabradine, nicorandil, ranolazine, and trimetazidine). Second line drugs are indicated (...) in patients with stable coronary artery disease, with a sample size of, at least, 100 patients (50 patients per group), with a minimum follow-up of 1 week and an outcome measured on exercise testing, duration of exercise being the preferred outcome. Thirteen studies fulfilled our criteria. Nine studies involved between 100 and 300 patients, (2818 in total) and a further four enrolled greater than 300 patients. Evidence of equivalence was demonstrated for the use of beta-blockers (atenolol), calcium

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2018 EvidenceUpdates

18. Systematic review and meta-analysis of the impact of polyglycolic acid (PGA) sheet staple line covering after bullectomy with primary spontaneous pneumothorax

Systematic review and meta-analysis of the impact of polyglycolic acid (PGA) sheet staple line covering after bullectomy with primary spontaneous pneumothorax Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. The registrant confirms that the information supplied for this submission is accurate and complete. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content (...) experimental group, we will correct the total number of control animals in the meta-analysis by dividing the number of animals in the control group by the number of treatment groups served. Where applicable, Holm-Bonferroni correction for testing multiple subgroup analyses will be performed. If one or more subgroup analyses cannot be performed due to insufficient data, the p-value will be adjusted accordingly. ">Other Subgroup analysis or meta-regression are used to explore between-study heterogeneity

2019 PROSPERO

19. How does experiential avoidance manifest in advanced cancer? The term experiential avoidance covers a broad range of behaviours people engage in to avoid uncomfortable experiences, by attempts to avoid, deny, suppress, distance, or disengage from emotions

How does experiential avoidance manifest in advanced cancer? The term experiential avoidance covers a broad range of behaviours people engage in to avoid uncomfortable experiences, by attempts to avoid, deny, suppress, distance, or disengage from emotions Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. The registrant confirms that the information supplied (...) -clinical meta-analysis. Example: Whenever a control group serves more than one experimental group, we will correct the total number of control animals in the meta-analysis by dividing the number of animals in the control group by the number of treatment groups served. Where applicable, Holm-Bonferroni correction for testing multiple subgroup analyses will be performed. If one or more subgroup analyses cannot be performed due to insufficient data, the p-value will be adjusted accordingly. ">Other

2019 PROSPERO

20. Committee Opinion: Cascade Testing: Testing Women for Known Hereditary Genetic Mutations Associated With Cancer

risk of developing related types of cancer. The cost of test- ing for this mutation ranges from $200 to $500, and most insurance companies cover the cost. I would be happy to discuss this information further with you on the tele- phone. You can reach me at______________________. Adapted with permission from The Cancer Genetics Department, the University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center.VOL. 131, NO. 1, JANUARY 2018 Committee Opinion Cascade Testing e33 and, thereby, increase identification (...) Committee Opinion: Cascade Testing: Testing Women for Known Hereditary Genetic Mutations Associated With Cancer VOL. 131, NO. 1, JANUARY 2018 OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY e31 Cascade Testing: Testing Women for Known Hereditary Genetic Mutations Associated With Cancer ABSTRACT: “Cascade testing” refers to the performance of genetic counseling and testing in blood relatives of individuals who have been identified with specific genetic mutations. Testing protocols and other interventions may save lives

2018 Society of Gynecologic Oncology

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