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Counseling in HIV Infection

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81. The Effectiveness of a Counselling Intervention on the Uptake of HIV Care Services Among HIV Infected Patients in Uganda

The Effectiveness of a Counselling Intervention on the Uptake of HIV Care Services Among HIV Infected Patients in Uganda The Effectiveness of a Counselling Intervention on the Uptake of HIV Care Services Among HIV Infected Patients in Uganda - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting registration or results information. Search for terms x × Study Record Detail Saved Studies Save this study Warning You have reached the maximum (...) number of saved studies (100). Please remove one or more studies before adding more. The Effectiveness of a Counselling Intervention on the Uptake of HIV Care Services Among HIV Infected Patients in Uganda The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our for details. ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02497456 Recruitment Status : Completed First

2015 Clinical Trials

82. HIV-1 transmission and survival according to feeding options in infants born to HIV-infected women in Yaoundé, Cameroon. (PubMed)

, and 86.67% [71.06%-100%] in MF, p = 0.04. Using Schoenfeld residuals test, only HIV status was a predictor of survival at 24 months (hazard ratio 0.23 [0.072-0.72], p = 0.01).Besides using ART for PMTCT-interventions, practice of MF also drives HIV-1 vertical transmission and mortality among HIV-infected children. Thus, throughout PMTCT option B+ cascade-care, continuous counseling on safer feeding options would to further eliminating new MTCT, optimizing response to care, and improving the life (...) HIV-1 transmission and survival according to feeding options in infants born to HIV-infected women in Yaoundé, Cameroon. Evidence of 24-months survival in the frame of prevention of mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) cascade-care is scare from routine programs in sub-Saharan African (SSA) settings. Specifically, data on infant outcomes according to feeding options remain largely unknown by month-24, thus limiting its breath for public-health recommendations toward eliminating new pediatric

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2018 BMC Pediatrics

83. Models of support for disclosure of HIV status to HIV-infected children and adolescents in resource-limited settings. (PubMed)

Models of support for disclosure of HIV status to HIV-infected children and adolescents in resource-limited settings. Disclosure of HIV status to HIV-infected children and adolescents is a major care challenge. We describe current site characteristics related to disclosure of HIV status in resource-limited paediatric HIV care settings within the International Epidemiology Databases to Evaluate AIDS (IeDEA) consortium.An online site assessment survey was conducted across the paediatric HIV care (...) ), but also by nurses (77%), physicians (74%), social workers (68%), or other clinicians (65%). It was offered to both caregivers and children in 92% of 177 sites with disclosure counselling. Disclosure resources and procedures varied across geographical regions. Most sites in each region reported performing staff members' training on disclosure (72% to 96% of sites per region), routinely collecting HIV disclosure status (50% to 91%) and involving caregivers in the disclosure process (71% to 100

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2018 Journal of the International AIDS Society

84. Experiences, Emotions, and Adjustments of HIV-Infected Men in HIV-Concordant Marital Relationship in Cambodia (PubMed)

Experiences, Emotions, and Adjustments of HIV-Infected Men in HIV-Concordant Marital Relationship in Cambodia Although it has been well documented that the HIV infection experience can be problematic for those affected, the experiences and perceptions of living with HIV among married males in Cambodia have not yet been examined until now. This study's purpose was to describe the revelations, emotions, reactions, and adjustments to HIV diagnosis among infected Cambodian males in seroconcordant (...) reason for pursuing HIV testing. Feelings ranged from sadness and guilt to acceptance of HIV infection in their lives. The participants' wives expressed anger and worry about being infected by their husbands. However, sufficient inspiration from medical personnel and peer groups, as well as a shared concern for their children, helped couples adjust to their dyadic relationship. The study results highlight the link between individual and couple experiences and emotions post-infection

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2018 American journal of men's health

85. Determinants of HIV infection among children born to mothers on prevention of mother to child transmission program of HIV in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia: a case control study. (PubMed)

Determinants of HIV infection among children born to mothers on prevention of mother to child transmission program of HIV in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia: a case control study. Despite wide spread use of Antiretroviral Therapy (ART) by pregnant women living with Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV), the transmission rate is still higher by 18% after breastfeeding ends. The aim of this study was to identify factors affecting mother-to-child HIV transmission.Unmatched case-control study was conducted (...) : 1.4, 6.8), unplanned pregnancy (AOR: 10.3; 95% CI: 3.9, 27.2), home delivery (AOR: 5.3; 95% CI: 1.4, 19.4) and mixed feeding of the child during first six months of life (AOR: 12.5; 95% CI: 2.9, 52.7) were significantly associated with MTCT of HIV.Mother-to-mother support, male partner involvement in PMTCT of HIV, strengthening antenatal care, counseling mothers on appropriate infant feeding options are important to reduce mother -to- child transmission of HIV.

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2018 BMC Infectious Diseases

86. A Phase 1/2a Study of PGT121 and VRC07-523LS Monoclonal Antibodies in HIV-uninfected and HIV-infected Adults

, volunteers, as assessed by a medical history, physical exam, and laboratory test At least 18 years of age on the day of screening and has not reached his or her 51st birthday on the day of signing the Informed Consent Document Willing to undergo HIV testing, risk reduction counseling and receive HIV test results Low risk for HIV infection for 12 months prior to study participation and willing to maintain low-risk behavior for the duration of the trial Specific inclusion criteria for HIV-infected (...) A Phase 1/2a Study of PGT121 and VRC07-523LS Monoclonal Antibodies in HIV-uninfected and HIV-infected Adults A Phase 1/2a Study of PGT121 and VRC07-523LS Monoclonal Antibodies in HIV-uninfected and HIV-infected Adults - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting registration or results information. Search for terms x × Study Record Detail Saved Studies Save this study Warning You have reached the maximum number of saved studies

2018 Clinical Trials

87. Prevalence of HIV infection and uptake of HIV/AIDS services among fisherfolk in landing Islands of Lake Victoria, north western Tanzania. (PubMed)

of HIV/AIDS services among fishfolk in selected Islands of Lake Victoria for evidence-based interventions.Cross-sectional study determining status of HIV infection among fisherfolk (n = 456) and retrospective review of voluntary counselling and testing (VCT) registry (n = 1744) were done in Buchosa and Muleba districts. Structured questionnaire and HIV rapid test kits with the standard testing protocol were used as research tools.A total of 269 (58.9%) male and 187 (41.1%) female fisherfolk were (...) Prevalence of HIV infection and uptake of HIV/AIDS services among fisherfolk in landing Islands of Lake Victoria, north western Tanzania. New HIV infections in Tanzania have been decreasing, however some populations remain at higher risk. Despite of that, evidence on the magnitude of HIV infection and the associated factors and HIV/AIDS services uptake among fisherfolk in Tanzania are inadequately explored. This study therefore aimed at determining prevalence of HIV infection and utilization

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2018 BMC health services research

88. Use of effective family planning methods and frequency of sex among HIV-infected and HIV-uninfected African women (PubMed)

among HIV-uninfected women (RR 1.10; 95% CI 0.96-1.24). Fertility intentions among HIV-infected, and education among HIV-uninfected womenwere independent predictors of sex frequency.These data suggest that the association between EFP use and frequency of sex among women varies by HIV infection status. Service-delivery of diverse EFP methods should be integrated within HIV counseling, testing and treatment facilities.Registration number NCT00140764 under the clinicaltrials.gov, first Posted (...) Use of effective family planning methods and frequency of sex among HIV-infected and HIV-uninfected African women Frequency of sex, contraceptive use and HIV infection are key determinants of fertility. Use of an effective family planning (EFP) method (injectable, oral, intra-uterine contraceptive device (IUCD), or Norplant) potentially eliminates women's concerns of unintended pregnancy. We report the association between EFP and frequency of sex among HIV-infected and HIV-uninfected non

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2018 Contraception and Reproductive Medicine Controlled trial quality: predicted high

89. Hormonal contraception for women exposed to HIV infection. (PubMed)

Hormonal contraception for women exposed to HIV infection. Concern about a possible association of hormonal contraception with HIV acquisition has been raised by three types of evidence. Firstly, high-dose progestogen treatment greatly increases HIV acquisition in female non-human primates. Secondly, biological plausibility for a link between hormonal contraception anf HIV acquisition is provided by evidence of a hypo-oestrogenic state induced by progestogen contraception with vaginal mucosal (...) , other hormonal methods or no contraception in women at risk of HIV acquisition.Data will be extracted from eligible trials onto a data extraction sheet and analysed using routine Cochrane Collaboration methodology,One ongoing randomised trial was identified, with no data available to date.There is currently no robust evidence from randomized trials on the possible effect of hormonal contraception on HIV acquisition. High quality trials in this area are needed to inform counselling of individual

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2014 Cochrane

90. Increasing incidence of recent hepatitis C virus infection among persons seeking voluntary counselling and testing for HIV and sexually transmitted infections in Taiwan. (PubMed)

Increasing incidence of recent hepatitis C virus infection among persons seeking voluntary counselling and testing for HIV and sexually transmitted infections in Taiwan. The incidence of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection among HIV-negative men who have sex with men (MSM) is rarely investigated in the Asia-Pacific region. We aimed to estimate the incidence rate of and factors associated with recent HCV infection among the clients seeking voluntary counselling and testing (VCT) services for HIV (...) a rapid plasma reagin titre of 4 or greater (AHR=9.978; 95% CI 1.550 to 64.233) were significantly associated with HCV seroconversion.An increasing trend of recent HCV infection occurs among individuals seeking VCT services in Taiwan. Having HIV-positive partners and having syphilis are independently associated with recent HCV seroconversion.Published by the BMJ Publishing Group Limited. For permission to use (where not already granted under a licence) please go to http://group.bmj.com/group/rights

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2015 BMJ open

91. British HIV Association guidelines for the management of HIV infection in pregnant women

British HIV Association guidelines for the management of HIV infection in pregnant women DOI: 10.1111/j.1468-1293.2012.01030.x © 2012 British HIV Association HIV Medicine (2012), 13 (Suppl. 2), 87–157 _________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ British HIV Association guidelines for the management of HIV infection in pregnant women 2012 NHS Evidence has accredited the process used by the British HIV Association (BHIVA (...) ) to produce guidelines. Accreditation is valid for five years from July 2012 and is applicable to guidance produced using the processes described in the British HIV Association (BHIVA) Guideline Development Manual. More information on accreditation can be viewed at www.evidence.nhs.uk British HIV Association guidelines for the management of HIV infection in pregnant women 2012 Writing Group Members Dr GP Taylor Reader in Communicable Diseases, Section of Infectious Diseases, Imperial College London, UK

2012 The Children's HIV Association

92. Skin Cancer Prevention: Behavioral Counseling

severe damage occurs, such as with severe sunburns. Persons with fair skin types (ivory or pale skin, light hair and eye color, freckles, or those who sunburn easily) are at increased risk of skin cancer. Persons who use tanning beds and those with a history of sunburns or previous skin cancer are also at substantially increased risk of skin cancer. Other factors that further increase risk include an increased number of nevi (moles) and atypical nevi, family history of skin cancer, HIV infection (...) with an increased number of nevi and atypical nevi are at increased risk of melanoma. Persons with a compromised immune system (eg, persons living with HIV, persons who have received an organ transplant) are at increased risk of skin cancer. Behavioral Counseling Interventions All studies conducted in children and adolescents focused on sun protection behaviors; most were directed at parents, and some provided child-specific materials or messages. Half of the interventions included face-to-face counseling

2018 U.S. Preventive Services Task Force

93. Guideline: counselling of women to improve breastfeeding practices

Guideline: counselling of women to improve breastfeeding practices GUIDELINE: COUNSELLING OF WOMEN TO IMPROVE BREASTFEEDING PRACTICESGUIDELINE: COUNSELLING OF WOMEN TO IMPROVE BREASTFEEDING PRACTICESWHO Library Cataloguing-in-Publication Data Guideline: counselling of women to improve breastfeeding practices ISBN 978-92-4-155046-8 © World Health Organization 2018 Some rights reserved. This work is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 IGO licence (CC (...) Property Organization. Suggested citation. Guideline: counselling of women to improve breastfeeding practices. Geneva: World Health Organization; 2018. Licence: CC BY-NC-SA 3.0 IGO. Cataloguing-in-Publication (CIP) data. CIP data are available at http://apps.who.int/iris. Sales, rights and licensing. To purchase WHO publications, see http://apps.who.int/bookorders. To submit requests for commercial use and queries on rights and licensing, see http://www.who.int/about/licensing. Third-party materials

2018 World Health Organisation Guidelines

94. Increased hepatitis C virus co-infection and injection drug use in HIV-infected fishermen in Myanmar. (PubMed)

Increased hepatitis C virus co-infection and injection drug use in HIV-infected fishermen in Myanmar. In Southeast Asia, though fishermen are known to be a key population at high risk of HIV, little is known about their co-infection rates with Hepatitis C virus (HCV), or how illness and risk behaviors vary by occupation or type of fishermen. In Myanmar, this lack of knowledge is particularly acute, despite the fact that much of the country's border is coastline.We conducted a retrospective (...) analysis to assess clinical, demographic, and risk characteristics of HIV-infected, ≥15-year-old males under HIV care from 2004 to 2014. Subgroups of fishermen were categorized according to the location of fishing activities, boat ownership, and length of time at sea. Generalized linear models assessed odds of high risk behaviors, including MSM (men who have sex with men), transactional sex, injection drug use (IDU), and HCV co-infection among international, local subsistence, and national migrant

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2018 BMC Infectious Diseases

95. Psychosocial correlates of patient–provider family planning discussions among HIV-infected pregnant women in South Africa (PubMed)

Psychosocial correlates of patient–provider family planning discussions among HIV-infected pregnant women in South Africa Patient-provider family planning discussions and preconception counseling can reduce maternal and neonatal risks by increasing adherence to provider recommendations and antiretroviral medication. However, HIV-infected women may not discuss reproductive intentions with providers due to anticipation of negative reactions and stigma. This study aimed to identify correlates (...) of patient-provider family planning discussions among HIV-infected women in rural South Africa, an area with high rates of antenatal HIV and suboptimal rates of prevention of mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) of HIV. Participants were N=673 pregnant HIV-infected women who completed measures of family planning discussions and knowledge, depression, stigma, intimate partner violence, and male involvement. Participants were, on average, 28 ± 6 years old, and half of them had completed at least 10-11

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2017 Open access journal of contraception

96. Guidance on couples HIV testing and counselling - including antiretroviral therapy for treatment and prevention in serodiscordant couples

Guidance on couples HIV testing and counselling - including antiretroviral therapy for treatment and prevention in serodiscordant couples WHO | Guidance on couples HIV testing and counselling - including antiretroviral therapy for treatment and prevention in serodiscordant couples WHO Regional websites Access HIV/AIDS Menu Guidance on couples HIV testing and counselling - including antiretroviral therapy for treatment and prevention in serodiscordant couples Recommendations for a public health (...) approach Publication details Editors : WHO HIV/AIDS Programme Number of pages : 80 Publication date : April 2012 Languages : English ISBN : 978 92 4 150197 2 Downloads pdf, 727kb Overview New WHO guidelines recommend offering HIV testing and counselling to couples, wherever HIV testing and counselling is available, including in antenatal clinics. For couples where only one partner is HIV positive, the guidelines recommend offering antiretroviral therapy to the HIV positive partner, regardless of his

2012 World Health Organisation Guidelines

97. Guidance on couples HIV testing and counselling - including antiretroviral therapy for treatment and prevention in serodiscordant couples

COUPLES Recommendations for a public health approachhiv/aids Programme April 2012 GUIDANCE ON COUPLES HIV TESTING AND COUNSELLING INCLUDING ANTIRETROVIRAL THERAPY FOR TREATMENT AND PREVENTION IN SERODISCORDANT COUPLES Recommendations for a public health approachWHO Library Cataloguing-in-Publication Data Guidance on couples HIV testing and counselling including antiretroviral therapy for treatment and prevention in serodiscordant couples: recommendations for a public health approach. 1.HIV infections (...) - diagnosis. 2.AIDS serodiagnosis. 3.HIV infections - transmission. 4.Counseling. 5.Sexual partners. 6.HIV seronegativity. 7.HIV seropositivity - transmission. I.World Health Organization. ISBN 978 92 4 150197 2 (NLM classification: WC 503.3) © World Health Organization 2012 All rights reserved. Publications of the World Health Organization are available on the WHO web site (www.who.int) or can be purchased from WHO Press, World Health Organization, 20 Avenue Appia, 121 1 Geneva 27, Switzerland (tel.: +4

2012 World Health Organisation HIV Guidelines

98. Effect of risk-reduction counseling with rapid HIV testing on risk of acquiring sexually transmitted infections: the AWARE randomized clinical trial. (PubMed)

Effect of risk-reduction counseling with rapid HIV testing on risk of acquiring sexually transmitted infections: the AWARE randomized clinical trial. To increase human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) testing rates, many institutions and jurisdictions have revised policies to make the testing process rapid, simple, and routine. A major issue for testing scale-up efforts is the effectiveness of HIV risk-reduction counseling, which has historically been an integral part of the HIV testing process.To (...) assess the effect of brief patient-centered risk-reduction counseling at the time of a rapid HIV test on the subsequent acquisition of sexually transmitted infections (STIs).From April to December 2010, Project AWARE randomized 5012 patients from 9 sexually transmitted disease (STD) clinics in the United States to receive either brief patient-centered HIV risk-reduction counseling with a rapid HIV test or the rapid HIV test with information only. Participants were assessed for multiple STIs at both

2013 JAMA Controlled trial quality: uncertain

99. Effect of risk-reduction counseling with rapid HIV testing on risk of acquiring sexually transmitted infections: the AWARE randomized clinical trial. (PubMed)

Effect of risk-reduction counseling with rapid HIV testing on risk of acquiring sexually transmitted infections: the AWARE randomized clinical trial. To increase human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) testing rates, many institutions and jurisdictions have revised policies to make the testing process rapid, simple, and routine. A major issue for testing scale-up efforts is the effectiveness of HIV risk-reduction counseling, which has historically been an integral part of the HIV testing process.To (...) assess the effect of brief patient-centered risk-reduction counseling at the time of a rapid HIV test on the subsequent acquisition of sexually transmitted infections (STIs).From April to December 2010, Project AWARE randomized 5012 patients from 9 sexually transmitted disease (STD) clinics in the United States to receive either brief patient-centered HIV risk-reduction counseling with a rapid HIV test or the rapid HIV test with information only. Participants were assessed for multiple STIs at both

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2013 JAMA Controlled trial quality: uncertain

100. HIV infection and AIDS

HIV infection and AIDS HIV infection and AIDS - NICE CKS Share HIV infection and AIDS: Summary The Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) is a retrovirus that preferentially infects and destroys cells of the immune system, in particular the CD4 cells (a class of T lymphocyte, also known as T helper cells). There are 2 main types of HIV: HIV-1 (the predominant type in the UK) is highly virulent and is found worldwide. HIV-2 is found mainly in West Africa but has also been reported in Portugal (...) , France, and increasingly in India and South America. Infected bodily fluid can transmit HIV: By sexual activity — through vaginal, anal, or oral sex (especially in the presence of oral disease such as ulceration or gingivitis). Vertically from mother to child — during pregnancy, childbirth, or with breastfeeding. By inoculation — via a contaminated needle, instrument, blood, or blood product; through direct exposure of mucous membranes or an open wound to infected bodily fluids; or by a human bite

2018 NICE Clinical Knowledge Summaries

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