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Counseling in HIV Infection

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81. Counseling Adolescents About Contraception

. Committee Opinion No. 554. American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists. . ‡ Ideally, opt-out HIV screening should be performed, in which the patient is notified that HIV testing will be performed as a routine part of gynecologic care unless the patient declines testing. See Routine human immunodeficiency virus screening. Committee Opinion No. 596. American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists. . Data from Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. A guide to taking a sexual history (...) counseling conversations should take place before they are sexually active, and contraception should be made accessible. Ideally, the initial reproductive health visit should take place between ages 13 years and 15 years and should encompass a discussion about contraception and STIs in addition to preventive medicine services such as human papillomavirus vaccination ( ). The CDC suggests taking a sexual history that encompasses the 5 Ps: Partners, Practices, Protection from STDs, Past history of STIs

2017 American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists

82. Universal voluntary HIV testing in antenatal care settings: a review of the contribution of provider-initiated testing and counselling Full Text available with Trip Pro

, Grabbe KL, Shaffer N, Lo YR, Hargreaves J. Universal voluntary HIV testing in antenatal care settings: a review of the contribution of provider-initiated testing and counselling. Tropical Medicine and International Health 2012; 17(1): 59-70 PubMedID DOI Original Paper URL Indexing Status Subject indexing assigned by NLM MeSH AIDS Serodiagnosis; Access to Information; Anti-HIV Agents /therapeutic use; Counseling; Female; HIV; HIV Infections /diagnosis /prevention & Humans; Infectious Disease (...) Universal voluntary HIV testing in antenatal care settings: a review of the contribution of provider-initiated testing and counselling Universal voluntary HIV testing in antenatal care settings: a review of the contribution of provider-initiated testing and counselling Universal voluntary HIV testing in antenatal care settings: a review of the contribution of provider-initiated testing and counselling Hensen B, Baggaley R, Wong VJ, Grabbe KL, Shaffer N, Lo YR, Hargreaves J CRD summary

2012 DARE.

83. GPS: Adaptation Trial of an HIV Prevention Counselling Program for HIV-positive and HIV-negative Gay and Bisexual Men

promotion and HIV prevention program. It has 4 components: provision of information on HIV and sexually transmitted infections, motivational interviewing counselling, sexual health behavioural skills building, and linkage to care in the local community (e.g., referrals to medical, social service, social, mental health, and substance use programs). Among HIV-positive men who have sex with men (MSM) GPS is associated with positive health outcomes including decreased likelihood of condomless anal sex (CAS (...) Details Study Description Go to Brief Summary: GPS is a sexual health promotion and HIV prevention peer-delivered counselling program. The GPS program has 4 parts: information provision about HIV and sexually transmitted infections, motivational interviewing counselling, sexual health behavioural skills building, and linkage to care. The adaptation grant has three goals: 1) to establish a multi-region and multi-sectoral team that can deliver the revised program across a variety of settings, 2

2017 Clinical Trials

84. A Pilot, Randomized Controlled Trial of HIV Self-Testing and Real-Time Post-Test Counseling/Referral on Screening and Preventative Care Among Men Who Have Sex with Men. Full Text available with Trip Pro

recruited from January 2016 to February 2017 and received (1) HST kits by mail, equipped with devices that detected when kits were opened and prompted a follow-up call from a counselor (eTEST); (2) standard HST kits with no follow-up (standard); or (3) informational letters about HIV testing locations (control) at baseline, 3 months, and 6 months. Monthly surveys over 7 months assessed HIV testing, sexually transmitted infection (STI) testing, access to prevention services, and behavioral risk reduction (...) A Pilot, Randomized Controlled Trial of HIV Self-Testing and Real-Time Post-Test Counseling/Referral on Screening and Preventative Care Among Men Who Have Sex with Men. HIV self-testing (HST) could be an effective strategy for helping those at high risk test more regularly. However, concerns about HST's lack of follow-up care and referral have so far limited its use. In a pilot, randomized controlled trial, high-risk HIV-negative, or status unknown men who have sex with men (MSM; N = 65) were

2018 AIDS patient care and STDs Controlled trial quality: uncertain

85. Effects of Counselling on Adherence to Antiretroviral Treatment Among People with HIV in Estonia: A Randomized Controlled Trial. (Abstract)

Effects of Counselling on Adherence to Antiretroviral Treatment Among People with HIV in Estonia: A Randomized Controlled Trial. To assess the efficacy of an education- and strengths-based counselling programme to promote antiretroviral therapy (ART) adherence in a cohort of HIV-infected individuals with high prevalence of injection drug use in Estonia. Parallel-group randomized (1:1) controlled trial (RCT). Adults receiving ART in two clinics were followed for 12 months. The trial compared: (i (...) ) an intervention (three sessions) incorporated into routine clinic visits, providing education about HIV, ART, the role of adherence, and tailoring regimen to daily routines using problem-solving skills to address adherence barriers versus (ii) usual care (control). Primary and secondary outcomes were self-reported ART adherence (3-day recall) and viral load (respectively). 519 patients were randomized and 82% completed the study. Recent optimal ART adherence (3-day recall ≥95%) was reported by 75.6

2018 AIDS and behavior Controlled trial quality: predicted high

86. Factors associated with regular counselling attendance of HIV outpatients of a national referral hospital in Jakarta, Indonesia: a cross sectional study. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Factors associated with regular counselling attendance of HIV outpatients of a national referral hospital in Jakarta, Indonesia: a cross sectional study. Counselling has been shown to improve adherence to medication in people living with HIV (PLHIV). The aim of this study was to investigate factors associated with regular counselling attendance of patients taking antiretroviral therapy (ART).We conducted a cross-sectional, paper-based survey among 880 PLHIV patients on ART attending outpatient (...) (OR) = 0.55, 95% confidence interval (CI) = 0.32-0.93, > 40 years (OR = 0.30, 95% CI = 0.16-0.55) vs < 30 years, hepatitis B/C co-infection (OR = 0.42, 95% CI = 0.24-0.75), living > 20 km from the hospital (OR = 0.55, 95% CI = 0.33-0.93), transmission male-to-male (OR = 0.13, 95% CI = 0.04-0.44), unemployment (OR = 1.88, 95% CI = 1.02-3.44), part-time employment (OR = 10.71, 95% CI = 4.09-28.02), household member with HIV (OR = 3.31, 95% CI = 1.70-6.44), and Christianity (OR = 1.82, 95% CI = 1.12-2.94

2018 BMC Public Health

87. The Intention of Men Who Have Sex With Men to Participate in Voluntary Counseling and HIV Testing and Access Free Condoms in Indonesia Full Text available with Trip Pro

is associated with resource availability and having confidence and positive intention to participate in VCT and willingness to access free condoms. Findings indicated that personal, community, and structural factors were predictors to intention to accessing services. Interventions targeting large numbers of MSM population and further studies to understand what needs to be done by nongovernmental organizations and governmental institutions to halt the spread of HIV infections among MSM populations (...) The Intention of Men Who Have Sex With Men to Participate in Voluntary Counseling and HIV Testing and Access Free Condoms in Indonesia This study aimed to identify factors that influenced the intention of men who have sex with men (MSM) to participate in voluntary counseling and HIV testing (VCT) and in accessing free condoms. A qualitative inquiry using one-on-one in-depth interviews was conducted with MSM participants who were recruited using a purposive sampling technique. Data analysis

2018 American journal of men's health

88. The role of counseling on modern contraceptive utilization among HIV positive women: the case of Northwest Ethiopia. Full Text available with Trip Pro

The role of counseling on modern contraceptive utilization among HIV positive women: the case of Northwest Ethiopia. Over 90% of the children with Human Immunodeficiency Virus are infected through the mother to child transmission process according to literatures. Preventing unintended pregnancy by using contraceptive methods is crucial for reducing maternal and child mortality and morbidity. Here we set out to assess the prevalence and associated factors of modern contraceptive utilization (...) residence (AOR = 0.095, 95% CI: 0.03-0.28), having discussed contraceptives with partner (AOR = 7, 95% CI: 5.3-11.9), receiving counseling from health care providers (AOR = 4.8, 95% CI: 1.8-7), previous history of contraceptive utilization (AOR = 5.6, 95% CI: 2.6-8.3), and with CD4 count >500mm3/dl (AOR = 2.4, 95% CI: 1.3-4.3).The proportion of women utilizing contraceptive has been low in Amhara Region referral hospitals. Encouraging patients to discuss about contraception with partners and repeated

2018 BMC Women's Health

89. Use of a counsellor supported disclosure model to improve the uptake of couple HIV testing and counselling in Kenya: a quasi-experimental study. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Use of a counsellor supported disclosure model to improve the uptake of couple HIV testing and counselling in Kenya: a quasi-experimental study. Heterosexual couples account for 44% of new HIV infections in Kenya and there's low awareness of self and partner HIV status. Different strategies have been employed to promote couple HIV testing and counselling (CHTC). Despite this, HIV incidence among couples continues to rise. This study sought to assess the use of a counsellor-supported disclosure (...) (CSD) model in enhancing the uptake of CHTC and the factors that were associated with it.A pre-post quasi experimental study design with an intervention and a comparison arm was utilized. The study was conducted in Nairobi, Nakuru, Kisumu, and Homa Bay counties in Kenya. A total of 276 participants were recruited; 149 and 127 in the comparison and intervention arms, respectively. Standard HIV testing & counselling (HTC) was offered in the comparison arm whereas the counsellor-supported disclosure

2018 BMC Public Health

90. Integrating Pregnancy Prevention Into an HIV Counseling and Testing Program in Pediatric Primary Care. (Abstract)

Integrating Pregnancy Prevention Into an HIV Counseling and Testing Program in Pediatric Primary Care. Certified health educator (CHE)-based HIV counseling and testing typically focus on HIV and sexually transmitted infection (STI) prevention only. A quality improvement initiative examined integrating assessment of reproductive life plans, counseling about pregnancy prevention, and contraception referral into a CHE-based HIV testing program.Between February 2014 and January 2017, in one urban (...) for and counseling about pregnancy prevention in a CHE-based HIV testing program. This can more effectively address the needs of patients with concomitant risks of STI/HIV and unintended pregnancy, and link patients who do not desire pregnancy to more effective methods.Copyright © 2018 The Society for Adolescent Health and Medicine. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

2018 The Journal of Adolescent Health

91. Are HIV, HBV and HCV Voluntary Counseling and Testing Programs Needed in Balkans? Full Text available with Trip Pro

. Nicolau Virology Institute, Bucharest, Romania. eng Journal Article Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't Turkey Balkan Med J 101571817 2146-3123 IM Adult Aged Balkan Peninsula Child Counseling Cross-Sectional Studies HIV Infections diagnosis epidemiology Hepatitis B diagnosis epidemiology Hepatitis C diagnosis epidemiology Humans Middle Aged Romania Seroepidemiologic Studies Young Adult 2018 3 20 6 0 2018 3 20 6 0 2018 12 13 6 0 ppublish 29553468 10.4274/balkanmedj.2017.1229 PMC5863267 Int J Environ Stud (...) Are HIV, HBV and HCV Voluntary Counseling and Testing Programs Needed in Balkans? 29553468 2018 12 12 2018 12 12 2146-3131 35 2 2018 03 15 Balkan medical journal Balkan Med J Are HIV, HBV and HCV Voluntary Counseling and Testing Programs Needed in Balkans? 219-220 10.4274/balkanmedj.2017.1229 Sultana Camelia C Carol Davila University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Bucharest, Romania. Stefan S. Nicolau Virology Institute, Bucharest, Romania. Schweitzer Ana Maria AM Baylor Black Sea Foundation

2018 Balkan medical journal

92. A qualitative study on the voluntariness of counselling and testing for HIV amongst antenatal clinic attendees: do women have a choice? Full Text available with Trip Pro

A qualitative study on the voluntariness of counselling and testing for HIV amongst antenatal clinic attendees: do women have a choice? Mother-to-child transmission (MTCT) of the Human Immunodeficiency -Virus (HIV) is a serious public health problem, contributing up to 90% of childhood HIV infections. In Tanzania, the prevention-of-mother-to-child-transmission (PMTCT) feature of the HIV programme was rolled out in 2000. The components of PMTCT include counselling and HIV testing directed (...) at antenatal clinic attendees. It is through the process of Provider Initiated Counseling and Testing (PITC) that counselling is offered participant confidentiality and voluntariness are upheld and valid consent obtained. The objective of the study was to explore antenatal clinic attendees' experiences of the concept of voluntariness vis- a- vis the implementation of prior counseling and subsequent testing for HIV under the PITC as part of their antenatal care.In-depth interviews were conducted with17

2018 BMC medical ethics

93. Targeted pregnancy and HIV prevention risk-reduction counselling for young women: lessons learned from biomedical prevention trials. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Targeted pregnancy and HIV prevention risk-reduction counselling for young women: lessons learned from biomedical prevention trials. Women enrolled in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) prevention efficacy trials receive counseling on prevention of HIV, sexually transmitted infections (STIs), and pregnancy during every visit. Incident pregnancy has an impact on efficacy outcomes. Incidence rates of pregnancy and HIV/STIs among women who became pregnant and associated risk factors were (...) assessed.Data from 9165 women participating in HIV prevention trials in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa from 2002-2012 were combined. Demographic and behavioral predictors of incidence pregnancy and incidence HIV and STIs were determined using Cox regression models.Overall pregnancy incidence was 9.6 per 100 person-year (py) (95% confidence interval [Cl], 9.1-10.3). Human immunodeficiency virus incidence among pregnant women was 5.93 per 100 py (95% Cl, 4.73-7.44). Incidence of STIs among pregnant women

2018 Journal of Infectious Diseases

94. Barriers and facilitators for men to attend prenatal care and obtain HIV voluntary counseling and testing in Brazil. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Barriers and facilitators for men to attend prenatal care and obtain HIV voluntary counseling and testing in Brazil. Providing HIV voluntary counseling and testing (VCT) to men who attend their partner's prenatal care is an intervention with potential to reduce HIV transmission to women and infants during the vulnerable period of pregnancy. Little is known about the acceptability of this intervention in global settings outside of Africa.We conducted in-depth qualitative interviews to evaluate (...) these Brazilian men's decision to attend prenatal care, informing our final conceptual model. The men interviewed had a general understanding of the value of HIV prevention of mother to child transmission. They also described open and communicative relationships with their significant others and displayed a high level of enthusiasm towards optimizing the health of their expanding family. The major barriers to attending prenatal care included perceived stigma against HIV infected individuals, men's lack

2017 PLoS ONE

95. HIV infection in pregnancy

and specialty care provided if the test is positive. All pregnant women with HIV should receive antiretroviral therapy (ART), as early as possible in the pregnancy, regardless of CD4 count or viral load. ART should be administered during the antepartum, intrapartum, and postnatal periods, as well as postnatally to the neonate. Breastfeeding is not recommended unless replacement feeding is not possible or feasible. Definition Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is a retrovirus that causes HIV infection (...) by infecting CD4 T cells and can lead to acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS). Van de Perre P, Simonon A, Msellati P, et al. Postnatal transmission of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 from mother to infant. A prospective cohort study in Kigali, Rwanda. N Engl J Med. 1991 Aug 29;325(9):593-8. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/1812850?tool=bestpractice.com Pregnancy in women living with HIV is complicated not only by HIV infection itself but also by the medical and psychosocial comorbidities

2018 BMJ Best Practice

96. HIV infection in pregnancy

and specialty care provided if the test is positive. All pregnant women with HIV should receive antiretroviral therapy (ART), as early as possible in the pregnancy, regardless of CD4 count or viral load. ART should be administered during the antepartum, intrapartum, and postnatal periods, as well as postnatally to the neonate. Breastfeeding is not recommended unless replacement feeding is not possible or feasible. Definition Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is a retrovirus that causes HIV infection (...) by infecting CD4 T cells and can lead to acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS). Van de Perre P, Simonon A, Msellati P, et al. Postnatal transmission of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 from mother to infant. A prospective cohort study in Kigali, Rwanda. N Engl J Med. 1991 Aug 29;325(9):593-8. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/1812850?tool=bestpractice.com Pregnancy in women living with HIV is complicated not only by HIV infection itself but also by the medical and psychosocial comorbidities

2018 BMJ Best Practice

97. Incorporating Acute HIV Screening into Routine HIV Testing at Sexually Transmitted Infection Clinics, and HIV Testing and Counseling Centers in Lilongwe, Malawi Full Text available with Trip Pro

Incorporating Acute HIV Screening into Routine HIV Testing at Sexually Transmitted Infection Clinics, and HIV Testing and Counseling Centers in Lilongwe, Malawi Integrating acute HIV-infection (AHI) testing into clinical settings is critical to prevent transmission, and realize potential treatment-as-prevention benefits. We evaluated acceptability of AHI testing and compared AHI prevalence at sexually transmitted infection (STI) clinics and HIV testing and counseling (HTC) clinics in Lilongwe (...) , Malawi.We conducted HIV RNA testing for HIV-seronegative patients visiting STI and HTC clinics. AHI was defined as positive RNA and negative/discordant rapid antibody tests. We evaluated demographic, behavioral, and transmission-risk differences between STI and HTC patients and assessed performance of a risk-score for targeted screening.Nearly two-thirds (62.8%, 9280/14,755) of eligible patients consented to AHI testing. We identified 59 persons with AHI (prevalence = 0.64%)-a 0.9% case-identification

2016 Journal of acquired immune deficiency syndromes (1999)

98. Standards and Model for Psychological Care for Children and Young People Living with HIV Infection (Summary)

Standards and Model for Psychological Care for Children and Young People Living with HIV Infection (Summary) Summary Psychology Standards 2018 Standards and Model for Psychological Care for Children and Young People Living with HIV Infection (Summary) This summary about effective psychological support in paediatric health care services for children and families with HIV is based on the principles behind the standards for psychological care: a document first produced by Paediatric HIV Psychology (...) health settings in the UK (CHIPS 2014). However many of the recommendations may be appropriate for children and young people where HIV infection was acquired in other ways and for HIV services in community as well as health settings. They may also raise awareness of the emotional needs of those children affected (but uninfected) by the presence of HIV in the family and help to guide and refer families to other appropriate services for any affected children who need more psychological support

2018 The Children's HIV Association

99. Paediatric European Network for Treatment of AIDS (PENTA) guidelines for treatment of paediatric HIV-1 infection 2015: optimizing health in preparation for adult life

Immunology and Infectious Diseases, Emma Children’s Hospital Academic Medical Centre, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, 24 Imperial College, London, UK and 25 Heartlands Hospital, Birmingham, UK The 2015 Paediatric European Network for Treatment of AIDS (PENTA) guidelines provide practical recommendations on the management of HIV-1 infection in children in Europe and are an update to those published in 2009. Aims of treatment have progressed signi?cantly over the last decade, moving far beyond limitation (...) for resource-rich and resource-poor settings is available from recently updated US [4] and World Health Organi- zation (WHO) [6] paediatric guidelines. Special considera- tions for children in resource-limited settings where background rates of concomitant infections and malnu- trition are much higher are not considered here, and the reader is referred to WHO guidelines. Differences from the WHO and US Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS) guidelines will be referred to where relevant

2018 The Children's HIV Association

100. Preparing HIV-infected children and adolescents for travel

, Grabar S, Gordien E, et al. Immunological efficacy of a three-dose schedule of hepatitis A vaccine in HIV-infected adults: HEPAVAC study. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2008;49(3):272-5. 7. Crisinel PA, Posfay-Barbe KM, Aebi C, et al. Determinants of hepatitis A vaccine immunity in a cohort of human immunodeficiency virus-infected children living in Switzerland. Clin Vaccine Immunol. 2012;19(11):1751-7. 8. Crane HM, Dhanireddy S, Kim HN, et al. Hepatitis A vaccination among human immuno- deficiency (...) . Safety and immunogenicity of preexposure rabies vaccination in children infected with human immunodeficiency virus type 1. Clin Infect Dis. 2000;30(1):218. 15. WHO. Vaccines and vaccination against yellow fever: WHO Position Paper. June 2013. http://www.who.int/wer/2013/wer8827.pdf?ua=1. 16. Veit O, Niedrig M, Chapuis-Taillard C, et al. Immunogenicity and safety of yellow fever vaccination for 102 HIV-infected patients. Clin Infect Dis. 2009;48(5):659-66. 20 17. Staples JE, Bocchini JA, Jr., Rubin L

2018 The Children's HIV Association

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