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Counseling in HIV Infection

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61. Parenting Among Adolescents and Young Adults with Human Immunodeficiency Virus Infection in the United States: Challenges, Unmet Needs, and Opportunities Full Text available with Trip Pro

Parenting Among Adolescents and Young Adults with Human Immunodeficiency Virus Infection in the United States: Challenges, Unmet Needs, and Opportunities Given the realistic expectations of HIV-infected adolescents and young adults (AYA) to have children and start families, steps must be taken to ensure that youth are prepared to deal with the challenges associated with their HIV and parenting. Literature reviews were conducted to identify published research and practice guidelines addressing (...) planning considerations, including age-appropriate disclosure of HIV status to those who are perinatally infected, and contraceptive and preconception counseling are described. The impact of early childbearing on young parents is discussed and considerations are outlined during the preconception, antenatal, and postnatal periods with regard to antiretroviral medications and clinical care guidelines. The importance of transitioning AYA from pediatric or adolescent to adult-centered medical care

2016 AIDS patient care and STDs

62. CD4 Decay Rate as an Indicator of the Time Interval between Initial Infection and First Diagnosis among Drug-Naïve Human Immunodeficiency Virus Seropositive Individuals in Lagos, Nigeria Full Text available with Trip Pro

CD4 Decay Rate as an Indicator of the Time Interval between Initial Infection and First Diagnosis among Drug-Naïve Human Immunodeficiency Virus Seropositive Individuals in Lagos, Nigeria The aim of this study was to determine the time interval between human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection and the first diagnosis among drug-naïve individuals in Badagry, Nigeria.A sample of 213 subjects who tested HIV positive for the first time were enrolled in this study. The HIV diagnosis was performed (...) years.Most of the population presented for testing during the advanced stages of infection. We suggest an upscaling of HIV voluntary counseling and testing to encourage early detection and better treatment outcomes.© 2016 S. Karger AG, Basel.

2016 Medical Principles and Practice

63. Patients infected by tuberculosis and human immunodeficiency virus facing their disease, their reactions to disease diagnosis and its implication about their families and communities, in Burkina Faso: a mixed focus group and cross sectional study Full Text available with Trip Pro

Patients infected by tuberculosis and human immunodeficiency virus facing their disease, their reactions to disease diagnosis and its implication about their families and communities, in Burkina Faso: a mixed focus group and cross sectional study Patients facing tuberculosis (TB) and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection receive particular care. Despite efforts in the care, misconceptions about TB and HIV still heavily impact patients, their families and communities. This situation (...) severely limits achievement of TB and HIV programs goals. This study reports current situation of TB patients and patients living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA) facing their disease and its implications, by comparing results from both qualitative and quantitative study design.Cross sectional study using mixed methods was used and excluded patients co-infected by TB and HIV. Focus group included 96 patients (6 patients per group) stratified by setting, disease profile and gender; from rural (Orodara Health

2016 BMC research notes

64. Clinical Features of Human Immunodeficiency Virus-Infected Patients Presenting with Cholera in Port-au-Prince, Haiti. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Clinical Features of Human Immunodeficiency Virus-Infected Patients Presenting with Cholera in Port-au-Prince, Haiti. Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection has been postulated to alter the natural history of cholera, including increased susceptibility to infection, severity of illness, and chronic carriage of Vibrio cholerae Haiti has a generalized HIV epidemic with an adult HIV prevalence of 1.9% and recently suffered a cholera epidemic. We conducted a prospective study at the cholera (...) treatment center (CTC) of GHESKIO in Haiti to characterize the coinfection. Adults admitted at the CTC for acute diarrhea were invited to participate in the study. Vital signs, frequency, and volume of stools and/or vomiting were monitored, and single-dose doxycycline was administered. After counseling, participants were screened for HIV by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and for cholera by culture. Of 729 adults admitted to the CTC, 99 (13.6%) had HIV infection, and 457 (63%) had culture-confirmed

2016 American Journal of Tropical Medicine & Hygiene

65. Knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors regarding HIV among first time attenders of voluntary counseling and testing services in Italy. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors regarding HIV among first time attenders of voluntary counseling and testing services in Italy. This study assess knowledge, attitudes, and practices regarding Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) testing and counseling services and the predictor characteristics of these outcomes among individuals who presented for the first time to Voluntary Counseling and Testing (VCT) public services.A sample of 244 subjects in the geographic area of Naples (Italy) received (...) a self-administered anonymous questionnaire about socio-demographic characteristics, knowledge, attitudes relating to HIV infection, and practices relating to access to VCT service.Only 25% correctly identified the main modes of transmission and the main preventative measures of HIV and this knowledge was significantly higher in who had had more than one sexual partner and have not always used a condom during the intercourse in the last year, in those who have received information about HIV/AIDS

2013 BMC Infectious Diseases

66. Client-provider interactions in provider-initiated and voluntary HIV counseling and testing services in Uganda. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Client-provider interactions in provider-initiated and voluntary HIV counseling and testing services in Uganda. Provider-initiated HIV testing and counselling (PITC) is based on information-giving while voluntary counselling and testing (VCT) includes individualised client-centered counseling. It is not known if the provider-client experiences, perceptions and client satisfaction with the information provided differs in the two approaches.In 2008, we conducted structured interviews with 627 (...) found it sufficient compared to 78.7% (221) in PITC (P = <0.01). In VCT 79.9% (246) thought their results were kept confidential compared to 71.7% (200) in PITC (P = 0.02). Eighty percent (64) of HIV infected VCT clients said they were referred for follow-up care versus 87.3% (48) in PITC (p = 0.2). Predictors of perceived adequacy of information in PITC included an opportunity to ask questions (adj.RR 1.76, CI 1.41, 2.18) and expecting the test results received (adj.RR 1.18, CI 1.06, 1.33). For VCT

2013 BMC Health Services Research

67. Breastfeeding and Human Immunodeficiency Virus-Positive Women in the United States: Harm Reduction Counseling Strategies. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Breastfeeding and Human Immunodeficiency Virus-Positive Women in the United States: Harm Reduction Counseling Strategies. Social and cultural forces have led some human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected women to question the recommendation in the United States not to breastfeed. Without an open dialogue, women may choose to breastfeed exclusively or intermittently and not disclose this to their provider. We review the evidence from global studies of the risks of breastfeeding among HIV (...) -infected mothers and propose a harm reduction model for women considering breastfeeding. © The Author 2014. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Infectious Diseases Society of America. All rights reserved. For Permissions, please e-mail: journals.permissions@oup.com.

2014 Clinical Infectious Diseases

68. Guideline: counselling of women to improve breastfeeding practices

maternity and newborn services, Implementation guidance: protecting, promoting and supporting breastfeeding in facilities providing maternity and newborn services – the revised Baby-friendly Hospital Initiative and Infant and young child feeding in emergencies. Operational guidance for emergency relief staff and programme managers. The guideline expands on the details of optimal timing, frequency, mode or provider for breastfeeding counselling to improve breastfeeding practices, based on the most recent (...) and workplace, and individual levels, which showed that several interventions can significantly improve rates of breastfeeding. 3 Breastfeeding counselling, along with baby-friendly hospital support and community mobilization approaches, is one of the key interventions to improve breastfeeding rates. Guidelines related to breastfeeding counselling would potentially improve the quality and delivery of services to pregnant women and mothers who want to breastfeed and may improve monitoring of the quality

2018 World Health Organisation Guidelines

69. Skin Cancer Prevention: Behavioral Counseling

who sunburn easily) are at increased risk of skin cancer. Persons who use tanning beds and those with a history of sunburns or previous skin cancer are also at greatly increased risk of skin cancer. Other factors that increase risk include an increased number of nevi (moles) and atypical nevi, family history of skin cancer, HIV infection, and history of receiving an organ transplant. Behavioral Counseling Behavioral counseling interventions target sun protection behaviors to reduce UV radiation (...) . Other factors that further increase risk include an increased number of nevi (moles) and atypical nevi, family history of skin cancer, HIV infection, and history of receiving an organ transplant. Most studies of interventions to increase sun protection behaviors have been limited to persons with fair skin types. Benefits of Behavioral Counseling Interventions Behavioral counseling interventions target sun protection behaviors to reduce UV radiation exposure. UV radiation is a known carcinogen

2018 U.S. Preventive Services Task Force

70. Counseling in HIV Infection

Counseling in HIV Infection Counseling in HIV Infection Toggle navigation Brain Head & Neck Chest Endocrine Abdomen Musculoskeletal Skin Infectious Disease Hematology & Oncology Cohorts Diagnostics Emergency Findings Procedures Prevention & Management Pharmacy Resuscitation Trauma Emergency Procedures Ultrasound Cardiovascular Emergencies Lung Emergencies Infectious Disease Pediatrics Neurologic Emergencies Skin Exposure Miscellaneous Abuse Cancer Administration 4 Counseling in HIV Infection (...) ? Are they being blamed for their illness? Is there abuse in the home? Are there financial concerns? Is their job secure? Assistance with finances, housing, or insurance? Other support services to consider Social services Psychology Legal counsel Images: Related links to external sites (from Bing) These images are a random sampling from a Bing search on the term "Counseling in HIV Infection." Click on the image (or right click) to open the source website in a new browser window. Related Studies (from Trip

2018 FP Notebook

71. Forced sexual intercourse and its association with HIV status among people attending HIV Voluntary Counseling and Testing in a healthcare center in Kinshasa (DRC). Full Text available with Trip Pro

consumption increased the odds. For women, being single, divorced/separated and widow was associated with reporting FSI. A significant positive association was found between FSI and an HIV positive test.Among our Congolese population, FSI was strongly associated with HIV infection and it was also associated with alcohol consumption and multiple sexual partnerships, other key HIV determinants. These behaviors need to be identified as potential risk factors of FSI during counseling interventions (...) Forced sexual intercourse and its association with HIV status among people attending HIV Voluntary Counseling and Testing in a healthcare center in Kinshasa (DRC). Sexual violence, an HIV determinant, is an integrated behavior in the D.R.Congo. We aimed to analyze the prevalence of forced sexual intercourse (FSI) among people receiving HIV Voluntary Counseling and Testing in a hospital in Kinshasa, and its association with socio-demographics, behaviors and HIV status.Case-control study (2010

2017 PLoS ONE

72. HIV testing and counselling experiences: a qualitative study of older adults living with HIV in western Kenya. Full Text available with Trip Pro

HIV testing and counselling experiences: a qualitative study of older adults living with HIV in western Kenya. Finding HIV infected persons and engaging them in care is crucial in achieving UNAIDS 90-90-90 targets; diagnosing 90% of those infected with HIV, initiating 90% of the diagnosed on ART and achieving viral suppression in 90% of those on ART. To achieve the first target, no person should be left behind in their access to HIV testing services. In Kenya, HIV prevention and testing (...) services give less emphasis on older adults. This article describes HIV testing experiences of older adults living with HIV and how their age shaped their interaction and treatment received during HIV testing and diagnosis.We conducted a qualitative study in two HIV clinics (rural and urban) in western Kenya, and recruited 57 HIV infected persons aged ≥50 years. We conducted in depth interviews (IDIs) with 25 participants and 4 focus group discussions (FGDs) with a total of 32 participants and audio

2018 BMC Geriatrics

73. Regimen Switch to Dolutegravir + Rilpivirine From Current Antiretroviral Regimen in Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Infected and Virologically Suppressed Adults (SWORD-2)

is to determine if virologically suppressed, human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) infected adults on an antiretroviral regimen (including 2 nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors [NRTIs] plus a third agent) remain suppressed upon switching to a two-drug regimen with dolutegravir (DTG) + rilpivirine (RPV). The study will primarily assess the non-inferiority antiviral activity of switching to DTG + RPV once daily compared to continuation of current antiretroviral regimen (CAR) up to Week 48 (...) of Participants With Plasma Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) 1 Ribonucleic Acid (RNA) <50 Copies/Milliliter (c/mL) at Week 48 Using Snapshot Algorithm [ Time Frame: Week 48. ] Percentage of participants with plasma HIV 1 RNA < 50 c/mL at Week 48 using the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) snapshot algorithm was assessed to demonstrate the non-inferior antiviral activity of switching to DTG+RPV once daily compared to continuation of CAR over 48 weeks in HIV-1 infected antiretroviral therapy (ART

2015 Clinical Trials

74. Regimen Switch to Dolutegravir + Rilpivirine From Current Antiretroviral Regimen in Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Infected and Virologically Suppressed Adults (SWORD-1)

is to determine if virologically suppressed human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) infected adults on an antiretroviral regimen (including 2 nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors [NRTIs] plus a third agent) remain suppressed upon switching to a two-drug regimen with dolutegravir (DTG) + rilpivirine (RPV). The study will primarily assess the non-inferiority antiviral activity of switching to DTG + RPV once daily compared to continuation of current antiretroviral regimen (CAR) up to Week 48 (...) of Participants With Plasma Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) 1 Ribonucleic Acid (RNA) <50 Copies/Milliliter (c/mL) at Week 48 Using Snapshot Algorithm [ Time Frame: Week 48 ] Percentage of participants with plasma HIV 1 RNA < 50 c/mL at Week 48 using the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) snapshot algorithm was assessed to demonstrate the non-inferior antiviral activity of switching to DTG + RPV once daily compared to continuation of CAR over 48 weeks in HIV-1 infected antiretroviral therapy (ART

2015 Clinical Trials

75. Sexually Transmitted Infections: Behavioral Counseling

(1):107-15. 9. Kershaw TS, Magriples U, Westdahl C, Rising SS, Ickovics J. Pregnancy as a window of opportunity for HIV prevention: effects of an HIV intervention delivered within prenatal care. Am J Public Health . 2009;99(11):2079-86. 10. Kamb ML, Fishbein M, Douglas JM Jr, Rhodes F, Rogers J, Bolan G, et al. Efficacy of risk-reduction counseling to prevent human immunodeficiency virus and sexually transmitted diseases: a randomized controlled trial. Project RESPECT Study Group. JAMA . 1998;280 (...) transmitted diseases in the United States: inflation-adjusted updates of previously published cost studies. Sex Transm Dis . 2011;38(10):889-91. 5. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Sexually Transmitted Disease Surveillance 2010. Atlanta, GA: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention; 2011. Accessed at on 4 September 2014. 6. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Vital signs: HIV infection, testing, and risk behaviors among youths—United

2014 U.S. Preventive Services Task Force

76. A realist review of infant feeding counselling to increase exclusive breastfeeding by HIV-positive women in sub Saharan-Africa: what works for whom and in what contexts. Full Text available with Trip Pro

A realist review of infant feeding counselling to increase exclusive breastfeeding by HIV-positive women in sub Saharan-Africa: what works for whom and in what contexts. The most recent World Health Organization (WHO) guidelines on Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) and infant feeding promotes exclusive breastfeeding (EBF) in resource limited settings for the prevention of mother to child transmission (PMTCT) of HIV. Literature reveals poor uptake of WHO feeding guidelines, with mixed feeding (...) being a regular practice. In light of the limited success in EBF promotion, a realist review was conducted, analysing the use of feeding counselling to increase exclusive breastfeeding by HIV-positive women in sub Saharan-Africa, where the majority of HIV childhood infections occur. We considered what mechanisms were at play, for whom and in what circumstances they led to exclusive breastfeeding.Because infant feeding counselling is a complex social intervention with a non-linear causal pathway

2019 BMC Public Health

77. A Pilot Randomized Trial of Intervention Components Addressing Drug Use in Couples HIV Testing and Counseling (CHTC) with Male Couples. (Abstract)

A Pilot Randomized Trial of Intervention Components Addressing Drug Use in Couples HIV Testing and Counseling (CHTC) with Male Couples. Men who have sex with men (MSM) experience high rates of substance use and HIV infection. Main partners are the source of many (35-68%) of these new HIV infections. This study developed and examined the efficacy of two adjunct components to couples HIV testing and counseling (CHTC)-communication training (CT) videos and a substance use module (SUM)-to reduce (...) drug use and sexual HIV transmission risk in MSM couples. Participants included 70 male couples randomized into one of four conditions: CHTC, CHTC + CT videos, CHTC + SUM, and CHTC + CT videos + SUM. Participants completed a survey pre-intervention and 1-, 3-, and 6-months later. Completion of the SUM in the absence of CT videos was associated with significant immediate decreases in drug use and related problems; however, at 3- and 6-month follow ups, the SUM was only associated with reductions

2019 AIDS and behavior Controlled trial quality: uncertain

78. The use of home-based HIV testing and counseling in low-and-middle income countries: a scoping review. Full Text available with Trip Pro

The use of home-based HIV testing and counseling in low-and-middle income countries: a scoping review. Knowledge of HIV status is crucial for both prevention and treatment of HIV infection. However, according to the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS in low-and-middle-income countries (LMICs), only 10% of the population has access to HIV testing services. Home-based HIV testing and counseling (HTC) is one of the approaches which have been shown to be effective in improving access to HIV (...) and females. The included studies were conducted in the following countries: Zambia, Uganda, South Africa, Kenya, Ethiopia, Malawi, Swaziland, Pakistan, and Botswana. This study demonstrated that home-based HTC was used in LMICs alongside supervised HTC intervention using different types of HTC tests kits produced by different manufacturers. This study also showed that home-based HTC was feasible, highly effective, and increased uptake of HIV testing and counseling. This study further demonstrated

2019 BMC Public Health

79. Reducing Hazardous Alcohol Use & Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) Viral Load

Reducing Hazardous Alcohol Use & Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) Viral Load Reducing Hazardous Alcohol Use & Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) Viral Load - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting registration or results information. Search for terms x × Study Record Detail Saved Studies Save this study Warning You have reached the maximum number of saved studies (100). Please remove one or more studies before adding more (...) . Reducing Hazardous Alcohol Use & Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) Viral Load (REDART) The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our for details. ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02720237 Recruitment Status : Completed First Posted : March 25, 2016 Last Update Posted : October 12, 2018 Sponsor: University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill

2016 Clinical Trials

80. HIV and adolescents: Guidance for HIV testing and counselling and care for adolescents living with HIV

Living with HIV HIV human immunodeficiency virus HTC HIV testing and counselling IDU injecting drug use KP key population LMIC low- and middle-income countries LTFU loss to follow-up MCH maternal and child health MNCAH maternal, newborn, child and adolescent health MNCH maternal, newborn and child health M&E monitoring and evaluation MSM men who have sex with men OST opioid substitution therapy PEPFAR President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief PICO Problem / Intervention / Comparison / Outcome PITC (...) WITH HIVWHO Library Cataloguing-in-Publication Data HIV and adolescents: guidance for HIV testing and counselling and care for adolescents living with HIV: recommendations for a public health approach and considerations for policy-makers and managers. 1.HIV infections - diagnosis. 2.HIV infections – prevention and control. 3.Counseling. 4.Adolescent. 5.Adolescent health services. 6.HIV seropositivity – diagnosis. 7.Guideline. I.World Health Organization. ISBN 978 92 4 150616 8 (NLM classification: WC

2013 World Health Organisation HIV Guidelines

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