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Counseling in HIV Infection

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41. Expanding human immunodeficiency virus testing and counseling to reach tuberculosis clients’ partners and families Full Text available with Trip Pro

Expanding human immunodeficiency virus testing and counseling to reach tuberculosis clients’ partners and families Recent years have shown important increases in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) testing and counseling (HTC), diagnosis, and coverage of antiretroviral therapy (ART) among HIV-infected tuberculosis (TB) patients. Expansion of HTC for partners and families are critical next steps to increase earlier HIV diagnoses and access to ART, and to achieve international goals for reduced (...) TB and HIV-related morbidity, mortality, transmission and costs. TB and HIV programs should develop and evaluate feasible and effective strategies to increase access to HTC among the partners and families of TB patients, and ensure that newly diagnosed people living with HIV and HIV-infected TB patients who complete anti-tuberculosis treatment are successfully linked to ongoing HIV clinical care.

2015 The international journal of tuberculosis and lung disease : the official journal of the International Union against Tuberculosis and Lung Disease

42. Does offering human immunodeficiency virus testing at the time of blood donation reduce transfusion transmission risk and increase disclosure counseling? Results of a randomized controlled trial, São Paulo, Brazil. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Does offering human immunodeficiency virus testing at the time of blood donation reduce transfusion transmission risk and increase disclosure counseling? Results of a randomized controlled trial, São Paulo, Brazil. In a randomized controlled trial (RCT) in a blood bank in São Paulo, we tested the hypotheses that offering client-centered human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) counseling and testing to blood donors would: 1) reduce the risk of HIV contamination in the blood supply by diverting (...) higher-risk, test-seeking donors away from donation and 2) increase return for results and referrals to care.We randomly selected weeks between August 2012 and May 2013 when donors were offered HIV counseling and testing (n = 6298), leaving usual procedure weeks as control (n = 5569).Few candidate donors chose HIV testing (n = 81, 1.3%). There was no significant difference in herpes simplex virus Type 2 (HSV-2) prevalence (a marker of sexual risk) among donors during intervention weeks compared

2015 Transfusion Controlled trial quality: uncertain

43. Routine Human Immunodeficiency Virus Screening

: U.S. Preventive Services Task Force recommendation statement. U.S. Preventive Services Task Force. Ann Intern Med 2013;159:51–60. [ ] [ ] Weinhardt LS, Carey MP, Johnson BT, Bickham NL. Effects of HIV counseling and testing on sexual risk behavior: a meta-analytic review of published research, 1985–1997. Am J Public Health 1999;89:1397–405. [ ] [ ] Human immunodeficiency virus. ACOG Committee Opinion No. 389. American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists. Obstet Gynecol 2007;110:1473–8 (...) the same day that the specimen is collected. Obstetrician–gynecologists should be aware of and comply with legal requirements regarding HIV testing in their jurisdictions and institutions. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) estimates that approximately 40,000–50,000 new human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infections occurred annually in the United States from 2006 to 2009 ( ). Almost 1 in 5 (18.1%) of all individuals infected with HIV are unaware of their HIV status ( ). In order

2014 American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists

44. Preexposure Prophylaxis for the Prevention of Human Immunodeficiency Virus

should include counseling about testing, safe-sex practices (including condom use), and other behavioral interventions. Preexposure prophylaxis is defined as the administration of antiretroviral medications to individuals who are not infected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and are at the highest risk of acquiring HIV infection. In 2010 and 2011, HIV infection was newly diagnosed in approximately 10,000 women in the United States with a majority (84%) infected by heterosexual contact (...) issued and is subject to change. This information should not be construed as dictating an exclusive course of treatment or procedure to be followed. Preexposure Prophylaxis for the Prevention of Human Immunodeficiency Virus Abstract: Preexposure prophylaxis is defined as the administration of antiretroviral medications to individuals who are not infected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and are at the highest risk of acquiring HIV infection. In combination with other proven HIV-prevention

2014 American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists

45. Joint Statement of ACOG/AAP on Human Immunodeficiency Virus Screening

of perinatal transmission of HIV infection was first appreciated in 1982. In 1991, the Institute of Medicine (IOM) recommended a policy of routine counseling and offering testing (with specific informed consent) for HIV infection to all pregnant women. Since 1991, there have been major advances in the treatment of HIV infection, including demonstration in 1994 of the efficacy of zidovudine to reduce perinatal transmission. The U.S. Public Health Service subsequently issued guidelines for use of zidovudine (...) their laws. The AAP and the ACOG strongly support efforts to further reduce the rate of perinatal transmission of HIV in the United States. We therefore support the recommendation of the IOM for universal HIV testing with patient notification as a routine component of prenatal care. If a patient declines testing, this should be noted in the medical record. We recognize that current JOINT STATEMENT OF ACOG/AAP ON HUMAN IMMUNODEFICIENCY VIRUS SCREENING Page 2 laws in some states may prevent implementation

2014 American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists

46. Randomised clinical trial: Brief, patient-centred risk-reduction counselling at the time of a rapid HIV test does not affect subsequent acquisition of sexually transmitted infections

Randomised clinical trial: Brief, patient-centred risk-reduction counselling at the time of a rapid HIV test does not affect subsequent acquisition of sexually transmitted infections Brief, patient-centred risk-reduction counselling at the time of a rapid HIV test does not affect subsequent acquisition of sexually transmitted infections | BMJ Evidence-Based Medicine We use cookies to improve our service and to tailor our content and advertising to you. You can manage your cookie settings via (...) transmitted infections: the AWARE randomised clinical trial . Context HIV testing and counselling (HTC) is a key entry point to care and treatment services for those who test HIV positive, and to prevention services for those who test HIV negative. Over the past few decades, HTC has been scaled up globally through client-initiated and provider-initiated testing services. The WHO recommends counselling as an integral part of all HIV testing strategies: ‘Testing services must be accompanied by appropriate

2014 Evidence-Based Medicine

47. Role of pretest counseling sessions on increasing subjective knowledge about HIV and hepatitis transmission among the beneficiaries of a free of charge, voluntary counseling and testing program in Constanta, Romania. Full Text available with Trip Pro

screened at the two centers and completed the SK increase assessment after the pre-test session. About 9% of all persons tested had reactive results to any of the infections in the context of high exposure risks for 62% and low hepatitis B vaccination rates (8%). 78% of attendees perceived that their knowledge regarding HIV and viral hepatitis transmission increasing with more than 60% as the result of the pretest counselling; more information was gained about hepatitis transmission compared (...) Role of pretest counseling sessions on increasing subjective knowledge about HIV and hepatitis transmission among the beneficiaries of a free of charge, voluntary counseling and testing program in Constanta, Romania. To describe the characteristics of clients who enrolled into of an opt-in, HIV, HBV & HCV Voluntary Counseling and Testing Program in Dobrogea Region, Romania (VCT) and to identify the utility of the pre-test counseling sessions in increasing subjective perception regarding

2018 HIV medicine

48. Community burden of undiagnosed HIV infection among adolescents in Zimbabwe following primary healthcare-based provider-initiated HIV testing and counselling: A cross-sectional survey. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Community burden of undiagnosed HIV infection among adolescents in Zimbabwe following primary healthcare-based provider-initiated HIV testing and counselling: A cross-sectional survey. Children living with HIV who are not diagnosed in infancy often remain undiagnosed until they present with advanced disease. Provider-initiated testing and counselling (PITC) in health facilities is recommended for high-HIV-prevalence settings, but it is unclear whether this approach is sufficient to achieve (...) universal coverage of HIV testing. We aimed to investigate the change in community burden of undiagnosed HIV infection among older children and adolescents following implementation of PITC in Harare, Zimbabwe.Over the course of 2 years (January 2013-January 2015), 7 primary health clinics (PHCs) in southwestern Harare implemented optimised, opt-out PITC for all attendees aged 6-15 years. In February 2015-December 2015, we conducted a representative cross-sectional survey of 8-17-year-olds living

2017 PLoS medicine

49. Awareness and willingness towards pre-exposure prophylaxis against HIV infection among individuals seeking voluntary counselling and testing for HIV in Taiwan: a cross-sectional questionnaire survey. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Awareness and willingness towards pre-exposure prophylaxis against HIV infection among individuals seeking voluntary counselling and testing for HIV in Taiwan: a cross-sectional questionnaire survey. We aimed to investigate the awareness and willingness towards pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) among individuals seeking voluntary counselling and testing (VCT) for HIV in Taiwan, where PrEP is currently not reimbursed by the insurance.Between April and October 2016, a questionnaire interview (...) was conducted among VCT clients to inquire about the attitudes towards PrEP against HIV infection. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was performed to identify the associated factors with willingness to initiate PrEP.During the 6-month period, 1173 VCT clients (99.8%) completed the interviews, with 67.4% being homosexual or bisexual male. While 67.2% of the clients knew of postexposure prophylaxis, 40.2% heard of PrEP. Overall, 546 clients (46.5%) were willing to initiate PrEP and 89.5% of them would

2017 BMJ open

50. Epidemiology of human immunodeficiency virus-1 and hepatitis B virus co-infection and risk factors for acquiring these infections in the Fako division of Southwest Cameroon. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Epidemiology of human immunodeficiency virus-1 and hepatitis B virus co-infection and risk factors for acquiring these infections in the Fako division of Southwest Cameroon. Past studies have demonstrated that a large population of Cameroonians are afflicted with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and/or hepatitis B virus (HBV) demonstrating a need for better prevention programs. We aim to describe the prevalence of HIV, HBV and HIV/HBV co-infection; examine the association between HIV and HBV (...) ; and determine risk correlates associated with HIV and HBV transmission in Southwest Cameroon.A cross-sectional, community-based surveillance study was conducted among adults in five hospitals , one in each of the five health districts of the Fako division of the Southwest region of Cameroon. Participants underwent pre- and post-test counselling, a 30-question survey and blood draw for HIV and HBV serologic testing. To construct a final model, chi-squared tests and logistic regression were used

2015 BMC Public Health

51. Pilot study of home-based delivery of HIV testing and counseling and contraceptive services to couples in Malawi. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Pilot study of home-based delivery of HIV testing and counseling and contraceptive services to couples in Malawi. HIV counseling and testing for couples is an important component of HIV prevention strategies, particularly in Sub Saharan Africa. The purpose of this pilot study is to estimate the uptake of couple HIV counseling and testing (CHCT) and couple family planning (CFP) services in a single home visit in peri-urban Malawi and to assess related factors.This study involved offering CHCT (...) and CFP services to couples in their homes; 180 couples were sampled from households in a peri-urban area of Blantyre. Baseline data were collected from both partners and follow-up data were collected one week later. A pair of male and female counselors approached each partner separately about HIV testing and counseling and contraceptive services and then, if both consented, CHCT and CFP services (pills, condoms and referrals for other methods) were given. Bivariate and multivariate logistic

2014 BMC Public Health

52. Human Immunodeficiency Virus Resistance Testing Technologies and Their Applicability in Resource-Limited Settings of Africa Full Text available with Trip Pro

Human Immunodeficiency Virus Resistance Testing Technologies and Their Applicability in Resource-Limited Settings of Africa There has been tremendous breakthrough in the development of technologies and protocols for counselling, testing, and surveillance of resistant human immunodeficiency virus strains for efficient prognosis and clinical management aimed at improving the quality of life of infected persons. However, we have not arrived at a point where services rendered using

2017 Infectious Diseases

53. Knowledge of tuberculosis (TB) and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and perception about provider initiated HIV testing and counselling among TB patients attending health facilities in Harar town, Eastern Ethiopia. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Knowledge of tuberculosis (TB) and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and perception about provider initiated HIV testing and counselling among TB patients attending health facilities in Harar town, Eastern Ethiopia. Tuberculosis (TB) and Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) co-infection is one of the major health problems in Ethiopia. The national TB and HIV control guideline in Ethiopia recommends provider initiated HIV testing and counselling (PITC) as a routine care for TB patients. However (...) , the impact of this approach on the treatment seeking of TB patients has not been well studied. In this study, we assessed knowledge of TB and HIV, and perception about PITC among TB patients attending health facilities in Harar town, Eastern Ethiopia.In a health facilities based cross-sectional study, a total of 415 study participants were interviewed about knowledge of TB and HIV as well as the impact of HIV testing on their treatment seeking behavior using a semi-structured questionnaires.Multivariable

2013 BMC Public Health

54. Strategies to link people with undiagnosed HIV infection to HIV testing, care, and prevention services

Strategies to link people with undiagnosed HIV infection to HIV testing, care, and prevention services Strategies to link people with undiagnosed HIV infection to HIV testing, care, and prevention services | The Ontario HIV Treatment Network The Ontario HIV Treatment Network Strategies to link people with undiagnosed HIV infection to HIV testing, care, and prevention services Strategies to link people with undiagnosed HIV infection to HIV testing, care, and prevention services , , , , Questions (...) What strategies have been successful at linking people with undiagnosed HIV infection to HIV testing, care, and prevention services? Key take-home messages A variety of strategies have shown promise for identifying individuals with undiagnosed HIV and engaging them with HIV testing using clinical, community-based, network-based, and self-directed approaches. Various service delivery models for implementing rapid initiation of antiretroviral treatment have demonstrated benefits for linking the newly

2019 Ontario HIV Treatment Network

55. A cross-jurisdictional review of HIV testing intervals for population groups at high risk of HIV infection

for HIV testing of adults, adolescents, and pregnant women in health-care settings. Available from: . Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report: Recommendations and Reports. 2006;55(14):1–17. Accessed April 24, 2019. Austin T, Traversy GP, Ha S, Timmerman K. Canadian and international recommendations on the frequency of HIV screening and testing: A systematic review. Canada Communicable Disease Report. 2016;42(8):161–8. Public Health Agency of Canada (PHAC). Human immunodeficiency virusHIV screening (...) and testing guide. 2014. Available from: . Accessed April 24, 2019. Institut national de santé publique du Québec, Sous-comité Optimiser le dépistage du VIH, Comité sur les infections transmissibles sexuellement et par le sang (ITSS). Optimiser le dépistage et le diagnostic de l’infection par le virus de l’immunodéficience humaine. 2011. Available from: . Accessed April 24, 2019. Gustafson R, Ogilvie G, Moore D, Kendall P. New HIV testing guidelines in BC. Available from: . BC Medical Journal. 2014;56(4

2019 Ontario HIV Treatment Network

56. Prepregnancy counseling

or both partners, full medical records review and genetic counseling are recommended to educate the patient on the effects of the disease and the potential options for prepregnancy and early pregnancy screening of offspring. Women who present for prepregnancy counseling should be offered screening for the same genetic conditions as recommended TABLE 1 Continued. Condition Associated risks Treatment Goals Human immunode?ciency virus (HIV) Vertical transmission Women with HIV should receive prepregnancy (...) pregnancy and has a reassuring safety pro?le. yy Viral load should be undetectable and patients should be co- managed with an HIV health care provider. Thrombophilia DVT or PE during pregnancy or in the postpartum period Consider and plan for thromboprophylaxis during pregnancy. zz – Previous pregnancy complications Recurrence in future pregnancies Assess and counsel on risk of recurrence. – Abbreviations: DVT, deep vein thrombosis; HbA 1C , hemoglobin A 1C ; HIV, human immunode?ciency virus; LARC, long

2019 Society for Assisted Reproductive Technology

57. Prepregnancy Counseling

( ) and ASRM ( ). Gonorrhea, chlamydial infection, syphilis, and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) should be screened for based on age and risk factors. Counseling to reduce STI risk should be provided (26). For current guidance on hepatitis C screening for nonpregnant women, see the CDC’s recommendations ( ). Those at high risk of tuberculosis should be screened and treated appropriately before pregnancy (26). Exposure to toxoplasmosis should be assessed and avoidance counseled. Much attention has been (...) restrictions and appropriate waiting time before attempting pregnancy. Obstetrician–gynecologists may ask the patient about recent or upcoming travel history for herself and her partner. The CDC offers up-to-date guidance on Zika precautions ( ) and other infectious diseases ( ). Information and guidance on the Zika virus also is available from ACOG ( ) and ASRM ( ). Individuals with Human Immunodeficiency Virus All reproductive-aged patients living with HIV should receive prepregnancy counseling

2019 American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists

58. Counselling for Chlamydia Case Management: A Rapid Review

/ or exp HIV-2/ or exp HIV-1/ (320159) 17 ("HIV" or "human immunodeficiency virus*").ti. (435677) 18 16 or 17 (523690) 19 15 not 18 (122) 20 remove duplicates from 19 (122) 32 EBSCO Search 33 Grey Literature Search Website Search Terms Hits Title Screen Full Text Screen Relevant Centers for Disease Control (CDC) (Counsel*) AND (Chlamydia*) 1863 First 50 1 1 CDC Community Guide (Counsel*) AND (Chlamydia*) 1 1 0 0 British Columbia Centers for Disease Control (BCCDC) (Counsel*) AND (Chlamydia*) 40 40 1 0 (...) /documents/our-appraisal-tools/quality- assessment-tool-dictionary-en.pdf 10. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Sexually transmitted diseases treatment guidelines [guideline on the internet]. Atlanta, GA: MMWR 25 Recomm Report; 2015 Jun [cited 2018 Sept 19]. 140 p. Available from: https://www.cdc.gov/std/tg2015/tg-2015-print.pdf 11. United States Preventative Task Force (USPTF). Behavioral counselling interventions to prevent sexually transmitted infections: U.S. preventative services

2019 Peel Health Library

59. Prevalence, incidence, and risk factors of human immunodeficiency virus infection in blood donors in the Southeastern United States. (Abstract)

Prevalence, incidence, and risk factors of human immunodeficiency virus infection in blood donors in the Southeastern United States. Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-positive blood donors pose a risk to blood safety. The Southeastern United States has the highest reported HIV infection rates. Here we calculate HIV prevalence, incidence, and residual risk in Southeastern US blood donors and report risk factors disclosed by incident donors in counseling sessions.American Red Cross donation (...) and testing data from 2009 to 2014 for three Southeastern collection regions were used to calculate HIV prevalence, incidence, and residual risk. Incident donors had a previous HIV-negative donation within 730 days of their positive donation. Residual risk was defined as the window period multiplied by incidence.From 2009 to 2014, a total of 236 HIV-positive donors occurred in these regions for an overall prevalence of 8.3 per 100,000 donations. There were 56 incident donors over the 6-year period

2016 Transfusion

60. Women infected with human immunodeficiency virus type 1 have poorer assisted reproduction outcomes: a case-control study. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Women infected with human immunodeficiency virus type 1 have poorer assisted reproduction outcomes: a case-control study. To compare the efficacy of assisted reproductive technology (ART) in women infected with human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) versus HIV-negative controls.Retrospective case-control study.University hospital ART unit.Eighty-two women infected with HIV-1 and 82 women as seronegative controls.Ovarian stimulation, oocytes retrieval, standard in vitro fertilization (IVF (...) ) or intracytoplasmic sperm injection, embryo transfer.Clinical pregnancies and live-birth rates.After oocyte retrieval, all women infected with HIV-1 infected were matched 1:1 to HIV-negative controls according to the following criteria: date of ART attempt, age, parity, main cause of infertility, ART technique, and rank of attempt. Only the first IVF cycle during the study period was considered for each couple. We found no statistically significant differences between the two groups for ovarian stimulation data

2016 Fertility and Sterility

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