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22581. The return of the 100-day cough: resurgence of pertussis in the 1990s Full Text available with Trip Pro

The return of the 100-day cough: resurgence of pertussis in the 1990s 9780971 1998 11 06 2018 11 13 0820-3946 159 6 1998 Sep 22 CMAJ : Canadian Medical Association journal = journal de l'Association medicale canadienne CMAJ The return of the 100-day cough: resurgence of pertussis in the 1990s. 695-6 Tam T W TW Laboratory Centre for Disease Control Health, Canada, Ottawa, Ont. Bentsi-Enchill A A eng Journal Article Canada CMAJ 9711805 0820-3946 AIM IM N CMAJ. 1999 Mar 23;160(6):786 10189421 (...) Canada epidemiology Disease Outbreaks Humans Vaccination Whooping Cough diagnosis epidemiology prevention & control 1998 10 22 1998 10 22 0 1 1998 10 22 0 0 ppublish 9780971 PMC1229702 J Infect Dis. 1992 Oct;166(4):908-10 1527428 JAMA. 1995 Apr 5;273(13):1044-6 7897789 Lancet. 1995 Nov 18;346(8986):1326-9 7475771 Pediatr Infect Dis J. 1996 Jun;15(6):519-24 8783349 Vaccine. 1997 Feb;15(3):301-6 9139490

1998 CMAJ: Canadian Medical Association Journal

22582. Twenty year cough in a non-smoker Full Text available with Trip Pro

Twenty year cough in a non-smoker 9603753 1998 06 24 2018 11 13 0959-8138 316 7145 1998 May 30 BMJ (Clinical research ed.) BMJ Twenty year cough in a non-smoker. 1660-1 Glasziou P P University of Queensland Medical School, Queensland 4006, Australia. P.Glasziou@spmed.uq.edu.au eng Case Reports Journal Article Review England BMJ 8900488 0959-8138 0 Adrenergic beta-Agonists AIM IM BMJ. 1998 May 30;316(7145):1621-2 9603741 BMJ. 1998 Nov 14;317(7169):1387 9882111 BMJ. 1998 Nov 14;317(7169):1386-7 (...) 9812949 BMJ. 1998 Nov 14;317(7169):1387-8 9882112 Adrenergic beta-Agonists therapeutic use Aged Chronic Disease Cough drug therapy etiology Evidence-Based Medicine Female Gastroesophageal Reflux complications diagnosis Humans 8 1998 6 17 1998 6 17 0 1 1998 6 17 0 0 ppublish 9603753 PMC1113238 Ann R Coll Surg Engl. 1989 Mar;71(2):117-9 2650603 Arch Intern Med. 1996 May 13;156(9):997-1003 8624180 Ann Intern Med. 1993 Nov 15;119(10):977-83 8214994 Chest. 1989 Apr;95(4):723-8 2924600 Am Rev Respir Dis

1998 BMJ : British Medical Journal

22583. Cough, wheeze and sleep Full Text available with Trip Pro

Cough, wheeze and sleep 10193266 1999 04 19 2015 11 19 1468-2044 79 5 1998 Nov Archives of disease in childhood Arch. Dis. Child. Cough, wheeze and sleep. 465 Davies M J MJ Cane R R Ranganathan S S McKenzie S A SA eng Comment Letter England Arch Dis Child 0372434 0003-9888 AIM IM Arch Dis Child. 1998 Jan;78(1):20-5 9534671 Child Cough complications Humans Respiratory Sounds Sleep Wake Disorders etiology 1999 4 8 1999 4 8 0 1 1999 4 8 0 0 ppublish 10193266 PMC1717753

1998 Archives of Disease in Childhood

22584. Consulting with a cough. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Consulting with a cough. 10736922 2000 04 20 2008 11 20 0960-1643 49 441 1999 Apr The British journal of general practice : the journal of the Royal College of General Practitioners Br J Gen Pract Consulting with a cough. 316-7 Hay A A Exley C C eng Comment Letter England Br J Gen Pract 9005323 0960-1643 0 Anti-Bacterial Agents IM Br J Gen Pract. 1998 Nov;48(436):1751-4 10198482 Anti-Bacterial Agents therapeutic use Attitude to Health Cough drug therapy Family Practice Humans 2000 3 29 9 0 2000

1999 The British Journal of General Practice

22585. Can peak expiratory flow measurements reliably identify the presence of airway obstruction and bronchodilator response as assessed by FEV1 in primary care patients presenting with a persistent cough? Full Text available with Trip Pro

Can peak expiratory flow measurements reliably identify the presence of airway obstruction and bronchodilator response as assessed by FEV1 in primary care patients presenting with a persistent cough? In general practice airway obstruction and the bronchodilator response are usually assessed using peak expiratory flow (PEF) measurements. A study was carried out in patients presenting with persistent cough to investigate to what extent PEF measurements are reliable when compared with tests using (...) forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV(1)) as the measure of response.Data (questionnaire, physical examination, spirometry, PEF) were collected from 240 patients aged 18-75 years, not previously diagnosed with asthma or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), who consulted their general practitioner with cough of at least two weeks duration. The relationship between low PEF (PEF < PEFpred - 1.64RSD) and low FEV(1) (FEV(1) < FEV(1)pred - 1.64RSD) was tested. A positive bronchodilator

1999 Thorax

22586. Differential Effects of Cough, Valsalva, and Continence Status on Vesical Neck Movement Full Text available with Trip Pro

Differential Effects of Cough, Valsalva, and Continence Status on Vesical Neck Movement We tested the null hypothesis that vesical neck descent is the same during a cough and during a Valsalva maneuver. We also tested the secondary null hypothesis that differences in vesical neck mobility would be independent of parity and continence status.Three groups were included: 17 nulliparous continent (31.3 +/- 5.6; range 22-42 years), 18 primiparous continent (30.4 +/- 4.3; 24-43), and 23 primiparous (...) vesical neck mobility during a cough effort and during a Valsalva maneuver (13.8 mm compared with 14.8 mm; P =.49). The nulliparous continent women (8.2 mm compared with 12.4 mm; P =. 001) and the primiparous continent women (9.9 mm compared with 14.5 mm; P =.002) displayed less mobility during a cough than during a Valsalva maneuver despite greater abdominal pressure during cough. The nulliparas displayed greater pelvic floor stiffness during a cough compared with the continent and incontinent

2000 Obstetrics and Gynecology

22587. Cough threshold in reflux oesophagitis: influence of acid and of laryngeal and oesophageal damage Full Text available with Trip Pro

Cough threshold in reflux oesophagitis: influence of acid and of laryngeal and oesophageal damage Gastro-oesophageal reflux is often associated with cough. Patients with reflux show an enhanced tussive response to bronchial irritants, even in the absence of respiratory symptoms.To investigate the effect of mucosal damage (either oesophageal or laryngeal) and of oesophageal acid flooding on cough threshold in reflux patients.We studied 21 patients with reflux oesophagitis and digestive symptoms (...) . Respiratory diseases, smoking, and use of drugs influencing cough were considered exclusion criteria.Patients underwent pH monitoring, manometry, digestive endoscopy, laryngoscopy, and methacholine challenge. We evaluated the cough response to inhaled capsaicin (expressed as PD5, the dose producing five coughs) before therapy, after five days of omeprazole therapy, and when oesophageal and laryngeal damage had healed.In all patients spirometry and methacholine challenge were normal. Thirteen patients had

2000 Gut

22588. Capsaicin induced cough in cryptogenic fibrosing alveolitis Full Text available with Trip Pro

Capsaicin induced cough in cryptogenic fibrosing alveolitis Cough is a common and troublesome symptom in cryptogenic fibrosing alveolitis (CFA) but the mechanisms responsible are not known. The cough threshold to inhaled capsaicin is increased in asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) where lung volumes are increased, but the relationship between cough response and symptom intensity has not been studied in CFA where lung volumes are reduced.Capsaicin challenge tests were (...) performed on 15 subjects with proven CFA and 96 healthy controls. Symptoms, as assessed by daily diary card cough score and by visual analogue scale (VAS), were related to the capsaicin sensitivity (C5) and compared with lung volumes. Volume restriction was produced in a group of 12 normal healthy subjects by a plastic shell tightly strapped to the chest wall. Capsaicin challenge tests were performed in these subjects, both strapped and unstrapped, to determine whether volume restriction altered

2000 Thorax

22589. Myth: Codeine is an effective cough suppressant for upper respiratory tract infections Full Text available with Trip Pro

Myth: Codeine is an effective cough suppressant for upper respiratory tract infections 11018007 2000 11 17 2018 11 13 0093-0415 173 4 2000 Oct The Western journal of medicine West. J. Med. Myth: codeine is an effective cough suppressant for upper respiratory tract infections. 283 Herbert M E ME UCLA School of Medicine Olive View-UCLA Medical Center Sylmar, CA, USA. mherbert@ucla.edu Brewster G S GS eng Journal Article United States West J Med 0410504 0093-0415 0 Antitussive Agents Q830PW7520 (...) Codeine AIM IM Antitussive Agents therapeutic use Child Codeine therapeutic use Cough drug therapy etiology Humans Respiratory Tract Infections complications Treatment Outcome 2000 10 6 11 0 2001 2 28 10 1 2000 10 6 11 0 ppublish 11018007 PMC1071121 J Clin Pharm Ther. 1992 Jun;17(3):175-80 1639879 J Pediatr. 1993 May;122(5 Pt 1):799-802 8496765 J Pharm Pharmacol. 1997 Oct;49(10):1045-9 9364418

2000 Western Journal of Medicine

22590. Empirical treatment of chronic cough--a cost-effectiveness analysis. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Empirical treatment of chronic cough--a cost-effectiveness analysis. Chronic cough of unknown etiology is often difficult to diagnose, thus, there exists controversy regarding the management of such patients. Although the ACCP (American College of Chest Physicians) statement in 1998 recommended that treatment should follow testing, recent evidence suggests that empirical treatment of GERD is more cost-effective than testing followed by treatment, in both chronic cough and non-cardiac chest pain (...) . In this paper, we evaluated the cost-effectiveness in managing patients with chronic unexplained cough by building a decision model, and compared the cost-effectiveness of six most common management strategies. The outcome of our analysis demonstrates that empirical treatment is the cheapest option, while testing followed by treatment is the most expensive option with the shortest time course.

2001 Proceedings of the AMIA Symposium

22591. Diagnosis and prognosis of lower respiratory tract infections: a cough is not enough. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Diagnosis and prognosis of lower respiratory tract infections: a cough is not enough. 11255896 2001 04 12 2008 11 20 0960-1643 51 464 2001 Mar The British journal of general practice : the journal of the Royal College of General Practitioners Br J Gen Pract Diagnosis and prognosis of lower respiratory tract infections: a cough is not enough. 174-5 Verheij T T eng Comment Editorial England Br J Gen Pract 9005323 0960-1643 0 Anti-Bacterial Agents IM Br J Gen Pract. 2001 Mar;51(464):177-81 (...) 11255897 Anti-Bacterial Agents administration & dosage Cough drug therapy etiology Humans Lung Diseases, Obstructive complications diagnosis Pneumonia complications diagnosis Respiratory Tract Infections complications diagnosis 2001 3 21 10 0 2001 4 17 10 1 2001 3 21 10 0 ppublish 11255896 PMC1313946

2001 The British Journal of General Practice

22592. Pelvic Floor Muscle Contraction During a Cough and Decreased Vesical Neck Mobility Full Text available with Trip Pro

Pelvic Floor Muscle Contraction During a Cough and Decreased Vesical Neck Mobility To test the hypothesis that a voluntary pelvic muscle contraction initiated in preparation for a cough, a maneuver we call the Knack, significantly reduces vesical neck displacement.A convenience sample of 22 women consisted of 11 young, continent nulliparas (mean age [+/- standard deviation] 24.8 +/- 7.0 years) and 11 older, incontinent paras (mean age [+/-SD] 66.9 +/- 3.9 years). With the use of perineal (...) ultrasound, we quantified vesical neck displacement at rest and during coughs using caliper tracing and a coordinate system. The subjects coughed with and without voluntary pelvic floor muscle contraction.Vesical neck mobility during coughs was significantly decreased when voluntary contraction was used: from a median (range) of 5.4 (20.0) mm without volitional contraction to 2.9 (18.3) mm with volitional contraction (P <.001). The younger women demonstrated a median (range) decrease in excursion from

2001 Obstetrics and Gynecology

22593. Use of cough swabs in a cystic fibrosis clinic Full Text available with Trip Pro

Use of cough swabs in a cystic fibrosis clinic We audited prospectively 322 cough swabs taken from cystic fibrosis children and compared cough swabs with concomitant sputum samples in 30 expectorating patients. A positive cough swab is a strong predictor of sputum culture. However, a negative cough swab does not rule out infection. Persistent symptoms should be further investigated.

2001 Archives of Disease in Childhood

22594. A case of cough, lymphocytic bronchoalveolitis and coeliac disease with improvement following a gluten free diet Full Text available with Trip Pro

A case of cough, lymphocytic bronchoalveolitis and coeliac disease with improvement following a gluten free diet Chronic cough is a common reason for presentation to a respiratory clinic. In up to 20% of cases the cause remains unclear after investigations. We report one such case where there was bronchoscopic evidence of lymphocytic airway inflammation in association with newly diagnosed coeliac disease. All features improved markedly on a gluten free diet, suggesting a causal relationship (...) between coeliac disease, cough, and lymphocytic bronchoalveolitis.

2002 Thorax

22595. Chronic cough. Three most common causes. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Chronic cough. Three most common causes. To describe an approach to diagnosis and treatment of patients with chronic cough. QUALIITY OF EVIDENCE: MEDLINE was search for reports of studies comducted between 1970 and 2000 on chronic cough and its epidemiology, natural history, diagnois, and theraphy. Articles were further selected based on clinical relevance and design. Most articles reviewed were epidemiology cohort and case studies and reviews.Chronic cough, a commom ailment amoung adults (...) , is often a diagnostic challenge. Most cases of chronic cough are associated with postnasal drip syndrome (PNDS), asthma, gastroesphageal reflux disease (GERD), or some combination of these. Initial investigation should include chest radiography to ruke out more ominous causes of chronic cough. Examinations and trials of treatment can diagnose PNDS, asthma, and GERD. Combination treatments are often necessary for managing chronic cough.The most common causes of chronic cough are PNDS, asthma, GERD

2002 Canadian Family Physician

22596. Case report: cough variant asthma. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Case report: cough variant asthma. 12228961 2002 10 08 2018 11 13 0008-350X 48 2002 Aug Canadian family physician Medecin de famille canadien Can Fam Physician Case report: cough variant asthma. 1323-5 D'Urzo Anthony A Primary Care Lung Clinic, Toronto, Ont. Jugovic Pieter P eng Case Reports Journal Article Canada Can Fam Physician 0120300 0008-350X 0 Adrenal Cortex Hormones 0 Bronchodilator Agents IM Administration, Inhalation Adrenal Cortex Hormones administration & dosage therapeutic use (...) Adult Asthma complications diagnosis drug therapy Bronchodilator Agents administration & dosage therapeutic use Chronic Disease Cough etiology Diagnosis, Differential Female Humans 2002 9 17 10 0 2002 10 9 4 0 2002 9 17 10 0 ppublish 12228961 PMC2214096 CMAJ. 1999 Nov 30;161(11 Suppl):S1-61 10906907 N Engl J Med. 2000 Dec 7;343(23):1715-21 11106722 Prim Care. 1985 Jun;12(2):217-25 3848018 Allergy Proc. 1989 Sep-Oct;10(5):345-8 2684755 Thorax. 1998 Sep;53(9):738-43 10319055 J Asthma. 1991;28(2):85-90

2002 Canadian Family Physician

22597. Surveillance of whooping cough should continue Full Text available with Trip Pro

Surveillance of whooping cough should continue 12386054 2002 11 22 2018 11 13 1756-1833 325 7369 2002 Oct 19 BMJ (Clinical research ed.) BMJ Surveillance of whooping cough should continue. 904 Matthews Ruth C RC Preston Noel W NW Holden Debbie J DJ eng Comment Letter England BMJ 8900488 0959-8138 0 Pertussis Vaccine AIM IM BMJ. 2002 Jun 29;324(7353):1537-8 12089076 Canada epidemiology Disease Outbreaks Europe epidemiology Humans Pertussis Vaccine Whooping Cough prevention & control 2002 10 19 4

2002 BMJ : British Medical Journal

22598. Practice tips. Treating persistent cough. Try a nebulized mixture of lidocaine and bupivacaine. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Practice tips. Treating persistent cough. Try a nebulized mixture of lidocaine and bupivacaine. 11889886 2002 03 26 2018 11 13 0008-350X 48 2002 Feb Canadian family physician Medecin de famille canadien Can Fam Physician Practice tips. Treating persistent cough. Try a nebulized mixture of lidocaine and bupivacaine. 275 Peleg Roni R Department of Family Medicine, Faculty of the Health Sciences, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Beer-Sheva, Israel. Binyamin Liat L eng Journal Article Canada Can (...) Fam Physician 0120300 0008-350X 0 Anesthetics, Local 98PI200987 Lidocaine Y8335394RO Bupivacaine IM Can Fam Physician. 2002 May;48:874-5 12053626 Administration, Inhalation Anesthetics, Local administration & dosage pharmacology Bupivacaine administration & dosage pharmacology Chronic Disease Cough therapy Humans Lidocaine administration & dosage pharmacology Nebulizers and Vaporizers Recurrence Respiratory Tract Infections complications 2002 3 14 10 0 2002 3 27 10 1 2002 3 14 10 0 ppublish

2002 Canadian Family Physician

22599. Cough, airway inflammation, and mild asthma exacerbation Full Text available with Trip Pro

Cough, airway inflammation, and mild asthma exacerbation Prospective data on the temporal relation between cough, asthma symptoms, and airway inflammation in childhood asthma is unavailable.Using several clinical (diary, quality of life), lung function (FEV(1), FEV(1) variability, airway hyperresponsiveness), cough (diary, cough receptor sensitivity (CRS)), and inflammatory markers (sputum interleukin 8, eosinophilic cationic protein (ECP), myeloperoxidase; and serum ECP) of asthma severity, we (...) prospectively described the course of these markers in children with asthma during a non-acute, acute, and resolution phase. A total of 21 children with asthma underwent these baseline tests; 11 were retested during days 1, 3, 7, and 28 of an exacerbation.Asthma exacerbations were characterised by increased asthma and cough symptoms and eosinophilic inflammation. Sputum ECP showed the largest increase and peaked later than clinical scores. Asthma scores consistently related to cough score only early

2002 Archives of Disease in Childhood

22600. Treating persistent cough: caution! Full Text available with Trip Pro

Treating persistent cough: caution! 12053626 2002 07 25 2013 11 21 0008-350X 48 2002 May Canadian family physician Medecin de famille canadien Can Fam Physician Treating persistent cough: caution! 874-5 Woelk Cornelius C eng Comment Letter Canada Can Fam Physician 0120300 0008-350X 0 Anesthetics, Local 98PI200987 Lidocaine IM Can Fam Physician. 2002 Feb;48:275 11889886 Anesthetics, Local adverse effects Bronchoconstriction drug effects Chronic Disease Cough drug therapy Humans Lidocaine adverse

2002 Canadian Family Physician

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