How to Trip Rapid Review

Step 1: Select articles relevant to your search (remember the system is only optimised for single intervention studies)

Step 2: press

Step 3: review the result, and maybe amend the or if you know better! If we're unsure of the overall sentiment of the trial we will display the conclusion under the article title. We then require you to tell us what the correct sentiment is.

9,495 results for

Contusion

by
...
Latest & greatest
Alerts

Export results

Use check boxes to select individual results below

SmartSearch available

Trip's SmartSearch engine has discovered connected searches & results. Click to show

81. Providing a Medical Definition of Concussion: Can a Simple Intervention Improve Self-Reported Concussion History in Youth Athletes? (Abstract)

Providing a Medical Definition of Concussion: Can a Simple Intervention Improve Self-Reported Concussion History in Youth Athletes? Providing a medical definition of concussion improves reliability of self-reported history of concussion in adult former athletes. We examine whether providing a medical definition of concussion to youth athletes increases the number of concussions reported, and whether reporting differs by age, sex, or sport type.Cross-sectional survey.Concussion specialty (...) clinic.Convenience sample of youth athletes (n = 301; mean age = 15.1 ± 1.6 years) presenting for evaluation of sports-related concussion.Number of concussions reported before and after presentation of the medical definition of concussion ("vignette").Number of concussions reported after vignette. Paired-sample t test examined for main effect of the vignette on reporting behavior. One-way between-subjects analysis of variance with pairwise comparisons assessed for group differences.Thirty percent of youth

2020 Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine

82. Continued vs. interrupted direct oral anticoagulants at the time of device surgery, in patients with moderate to high risk of arterial thrombo-embolic events (BRUISE CONTROL-2) (Abstract)

Continued vs. interrupted direct oral anticoagulants at the time of device surgery, in patients with moderate to high risk of arterial thrombo-embolic events (BRUISE CONTROL-2) Guidelines recommend warfarin continuation rather than heparin bridging for pacemaker and defibrillator surgery, after the BRUISE CONTROL trial demonstrated an 80% reduction in device pocket haematoma with this approach. However, direct oral anticoagulants (DOACs) are now used to treat the majority of patients

2019 EvidenceUpdates

83. Early Subthreshold Aerobic Exercise for Sport-Related Concussion: A Randomized Clinical Trial (Abstract)

Early Subthreshold Aerobic Exercise for Sport-Related Concussion: A Randomized Clinical Trial Sport-related concussion (SRC) is a significant public health problem without an effective treatment.To assess the effectiveness of subsymptom threshold aerobic exercise vs a placebo-like stretching program prescribed to adolescents in the acute phase of recovery from SRC.This multicenter prospective randomized clinical trial was conducted at university concussion centers. Male and female adolescent (...) ; 24 female [47%]). Participants in the aerobic exercise group were seen a mean (SD) of 4.9 (2.2) days after the SRC, and those in the stretching group were seen a mean (SD) of 4.8 (2.4) days after the SRC. There were no differences in age, sex, previous concussions, time from injury, initial symptom severity score, or initial exercise treadmill test and physical examination results. Aerobic exercise participants recovered in a median of 13 (interquartile range [IQR], 10-18.5) days, whereas

2019 EvidenceUpdates

84. Mouthguards for the Prevention of Dental Injuries and Concussions: Clinical Effectiveness

Mouthguards for the Prevention of Dental Injuries and Concussions: Clinical Effectiveness Mouthguards for the Prevention of Dental Injuries and Concussions: Clinical Effectiveness | CADTH.ca Find the information you need Mouthguards for the Prevention of Dental Injuries and Concussions: Clinical Effectiveness Mouthguards for the Prevention of Dental Injuries and Concussions: Clinical Effectiveness Published on: February 12, 2016 Project Number: RB0961-000 Product Line: Research Type: Devices (...) and Systems Report Type: Summary of Abstracts Result type: Report Question What is the clinical effectiveness of the use of mouthguards for the reduction in the number and severity of dental injuries resulting from contact sports? What is the clinical effectiveness of the use of mouthguards for the reduction in the number and severity of concussions resulting from contact sports? Key Message Three systematic reviews, one randomized controlled trial, and five non-randomized studies were identified

2016 Canadian Agency for Drugs and Technologies in Health - Rapid Review

85. Using opinion leaders to address intervention gaps in concussion prevention in youth sports: key concepts and foundational theory Full Text available with Trip Pro

Using opinion leaders to address intervention gaps in concussion prevention in youth sports: key concepts and foundational theory Behavioral interventions to increase disclosure and proper management of concussion in youth sports have unrealized potential when it comes to preventing concussion. Interventions have focused on changing individual athlete behavior and have fallen short of the potential for sustained systemic behavioral change. One potentially critical reason for this shortfall (...) is that other key determinants of risk behaviors at all levels of the socio-ecological model (e.g. interpersonal, community, policy) are not addressed in extant programming. There is a critical need for theory-driven interventions that address concussion prevention and education at the community level and target sustainable culture change. The Popular Opinion Leader (POL) intervention, a multi-level intervention model previously successfully employed in multiple public health contexts, is theoretically well

2018 Injury epidemiology

86. Concussion knowledge, attitudes and reporting intention among adult competitive Muay Thai kickboxing athletes: a cross-sectional study Full Text available with Trip Pro

Concussion knowledge, attitudes and reporting intention among adult competitive Muay Thai kickboxing athletes: a cross-sectional study Muay Thai kickboxing is a full-contact combat sport with a high incidence of head trauma, yet little is known about these athletes' concussion knowledge and attitudes. This study aims to describe and quantify concussion knowledge, attitudes, and reporting intention among adult competitive Muay Thai kickboxing athletes.This cross-sectional study comprised 193 (...) competitive Muay Thai kickboxing athletes aged ≥18 years registered with the Thai Boxing Association Sanctioning Authority. The mean concussion knowledge score was 19.5 (SD 2.3) out of 25, the mean concussion attitudes score was 62.7 (SD 7.4) out of 75, and 134 (69.4%) of respondents indicated that they were likely to report concussion symptoms. No significant predictors of concussion knowledge, attitudes, or reporting intention were revealed.Competitive Muay Thai kickboxing athletes appear to have

2018 Injury epidemiology

87. Common data elements collected among universities for sport-related concussion studies Full Text available with Trip Pro

Common data elements collected among universities for sport-related concussion studies Universities are increasingly implementing programs to effectively respond to and manage sport-related concussions (SRCs). One such effort is to develop common data elements (CDEs) and standardize data collection methods. The objectives of this study were to describe CDEs currently collected by Big Ten and Ivy League universities for SRC studies, and to compare the data collected with the core CDEs (...) recommended by the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS).We conducted an anonymous cross-sectional online survey among medical staff at the 14 Big Ten and 8 Ivy League universities (one per university) between September and October 2015. The survey instrument, including 9 questions corresponding to the concussion data collected before, during, and after a concussion, was developed and pilot-tested before field use. We analyzed patterns of the concussion CDEs being collected

2018 Injury epidemiology

88. Physical Therapy Evaluation and Treatment After Concussion/Mild Traumatic Brain Injury

Physical Therapy Evaluation and Treatment After Concussion/Mild Traumatic Brain Injury Clinical Practice Guidelines CATHERINE C. QUATMAN-YATES, PT , DPT , PhD • AIRELLE HUNTER-GIORDANO, PT , DPT KATHY K. SHIMAMURA, PT , DPT , NCS, OCS, CSCS, FAAOMPT • ROB LANDEL, PT , DPT , FAPTA BARA A. ALSALAHEEN, PT , PhD • TIMOTHY A. HANKE, PT , PhD • KAREN L. McCULLOCH, PT , PhD, FAPTA Physical Therapy Evaluation and Treatment After Concussion/ Mild Traumatic Brain Injury Clinical Practice Guidelines (...) & sports physical therapy Concussion: Clinical Practice Guidelines Concussion: Clinical Practice Guidelines Summary of Recommendations* SCREENING AND DIAGNOSIS Diagnosis A Physical therapists must screen all individuals who have experienced a potential concussive event and document the presence or absence of symptoms, impairments, and func- tional limitations that may relate to a concussive event. Screening for Indicators of Emergency Conditions A Physical therapists must screen patients who have

2020 The Orthopaedic Section of the American Physical Therapy Association (APTA), Inc.

89. Pulmonary Contusion and Flail Chest, Management of

Pulmonary Contusion and Flail Chest, Management of Pulmonary Contusion and Flail Chest, Management of - Practice Management Guideline Search » Pulmonary Contusion and Flail Chest, Management of Published 2012 Citation: Authors Simon, Bruce MD; Ebert, James MD; Bokhari, Faran MD; Capella, Jeannette MD; Emhoff, Timothy MD; Hayward, Thomas III MD; Rodriguez, Aurelio MD; Smith, Lou MD Author Information From the Division of Trauma and Critical Care (B.S., T.E.), University of Massachusetts Medical (...) Simon, MD, UMass Memorial Medical Center, Worcester, MA. Statement of Problem Thoracic injury and the ensuing complications are responsible for as much as 25% of blunt trauma mortality. [1] Pulmonary contusion (PC) in turn is the most common injury identified in the setting of blunt thoracic trauma, occurring in 30% to 75% of all cases. [1] Isolated PC may occur consequent to explosion injury, but most patients with multiple injuries have concurrent injury to the chest wall. [2] Conversely, flail

2012 Eastern Association for the Surgery of Trauma

90. In Reply to the Letter to the Editor Regarding "Effects of Oral Glibenclamide on Brain Contusion Volume and Functional Outcome of Patients with Moderate and Severe Traumatic Brain Injuries: A Randomized Double-Blind Placebo-Controlled Clinical Trial". (Abstract)

In Reply to the Letter to the Editor Regarding "Effects of Oral Glibenclamide on Brain Contusion Volume and Functional Outcome of Patients with Moderate and Severe Traumatic Brain Injuries: A Randomized Double-Blind Placebo-Controlled Clinical Trial". 28847125 2017 09 14 2018 12 02 1878-8769 105 2017 09 World neurosurgery World Neurosurg In Reply to the Letter to the Editor Regarding "Effects of Oral Glibenclamide on Brain Contusion Volume and Functional Outcome of Patients with Moderate (...) Department, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran; Student Research Committee, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran. Heydari Seyed Taghi ST Health Policy Research Center, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran. eng Letter Comment United States World Neurosurg 101528275 1878-8750 SX6K58TVWC Glyburide IM World Neurosurg. 2017 Sep;105:1020 28847124 Brain Contusion Brain Injuries Brain Injuries, Traumatic Contusions Double-Blind Method Glyburide Humans Treatment

2017 World neurosurgery Controlled trial quality: uncertain

91. Letter to the Editor Regarding "Effects of Oral Glibenclamide on Brain Contusion Volume and Functional Outcome of Patients with Moderate and Severe Traumatic Brain Injuries: A Randomized Double-Blind Placebo-Controlled Clinical Trial". (Abstract)

Letter to the Editor Regarding "Effects of Oral Glibenclamide on Brain Contusion Volume and Functional Outcome of Patients with Moderate and Severe Traumatic Brain Injuries: A Randomized Double-Blind Placebo-Controlled Clinical Trial". 28847124 2017 09 14 2018 12 02 1878-8769 105 2017 09 World neurosurgery World Neurosurg Letter to the Editor Regarding "Effects of Oral Glibenclamide on Brain Contusion Volume and Functional Outcome of Patients with Moderate and Severe Traumatic Brain Injuries (...) 28185976 World Neurosurg. 2017 Sep;105:1021 28847125 Brain Contusion Brain Injuries Brain Injuries, Traumatic Contusions Double-Blind Method Glyburide Humans Treatment Outcome 2017 06 03 2017 06 05 2017 8 30 6 0 2017 8 30 6 0 2017 9 15 6 0 ppublish 28847124 S1878-8750(17)30926-9 10.1016/j.wneu.2017.06.034

2017 World neurosurgery Controlled trial quality: predicted high

92. Parents’ and Child’s Concussion History as Predictors of Parental Attitudes and Knowledge of Concussion Recognition and Response Full Text available with Trip Pro

Parents’ and Child’s Concussion History as Predictors of Parental Attitudes and Knowledge of Concussion Recognition and Response Parents' knowledge of and attitudes toward concussions are often vital factors that affect care for injured adolescent athletes. It is important to understand the role that parents' personal experiences with concussions play with regard to current concussion knowledge and attitudes so that clinicians may tailor their educational approaches.The purpose (...) of this study was to determine an association between parents' personal experiences and their child's experiences with concussions as well as parental concussion knowledge and attitudes. We hypothesized that parents who have personally experienced symptoms or have a child who has experienced symptoms would have better knowledge and more favorable attitudes toward concussions.Cross-sectional study; Level of evidence, 3.Parents of youth sport athletes (N = 234 [82 male, 144 female, 8 unreported]; mean age

2017 Orthopaedic journal of sports medicine

93. Changes in inflammatory and oxidative stress factors and the protein synthesis pathway in injured skeletal muscle after contusion Full Text available with Trip Pro

Changes in inflammatory and oxidative stress factors and the protein synthesis pathway in injured skeletal muscle after contusion Injury of skeletal muscle, and particularly mechanically-induced damage, including contusion injury, frequently occurs in contact sports as well as in sports with accidental contact. Although the mechanisms of skeletal muscle regeneration are well understood, those involved in muscle contusion are not. A total of 40 male mice were randomly divided into control (n=8 (...) ) and muscle contusion (n=32) groups. A muscle contusion model was established by weight-drop injury. Subsequently, the gastrocnemius muscles in the two groups were harvested at different times (1, 3, 7 and 14 days) post-injury. The changes in skeletal muscle morphology were assessed by hematoxylin and eosin (H&E) stains. Furthermore, quantitative polymerase chain reaction and western blotting were used to analyze inflammatory cytokines, oxidative stress factors and the Akt/mechanistic target of rapamycin

2017 Experimental and therapeutic medicine

94. Changes in Self-Reported Concussion History after Administration of a Novel Concussion History Questionnaire in Collegiate Recreational Student-Athletes Full Text available with Trip Pro

Changes in Self-Reported Concussion History after Administration of a Novel Concussion History Questionnaire in Collegiate Recreational Student-Athletes Research has shown that exposure to a concussion definition (CD) increases self-reported concussion history (SRCH) immediately, however, no research has been performed that examines the effects of exposure to a CD on SRCH over time. Collegiate recreational student-athletes (RSAs) have limited access to monitoring and supervision by medical (...) staff. As such, recognition of concussion symptoms and need for medical management oftentimes falls upon the RSA. The purpose of this study was to assess the effect of a novel questionnaire on the SRCH of RSAs. A two-part questionnaire was sent to RSAs participating is sports with a greater than average risk of concussion at a university in Arizona. Data from 171 RSAs were analyzed to assess the change in RSAs' suspected concussion estimates pre- and post-exposure to a CD and concussion symptom

2017 Sports

95. An In Vivo Duo-color Method for Imaging Vascular Dynamics Following Contusive Spinal Cord Injury Full Text available with Trip Pro

An In Vivo Duo-color Method for Imaging Vascular Dynamics Following Contusive Spinal Cord Injury Spinal cord injury (SCI) causes significant vascular disruption at the site of injury. Vascular pathology occurs immediately after SCI and continues throughout the acute injury phase. In fact, endothelial cells appear to be the first to die after a contusive SCI. The early vascular events, including increased permeability of the blood-spinal cord barrier (BSCB), induce vasogenic edema and contribute (...) following contusive SCI. This approach allows detecting blood flow, vessel diameter, and other vascular pathologies at various sites of the same rat pre- and post-injury. Overall, this method provides an excellent venue for investigating vascular dynamics.

2017 Journal of visualized experiments : JoVE

96. Youth Sport-Related Concussions: Perceived and Measured Baseline Knowledge of Concussions Among Community Coaches, Athletes, and Parents. (Abstract)

Youth Sport-Related Concussions: Perceived and Measured Baseline Knowledge of Concussions Among Community Coaches, Athletes, and Parents. To assess concussion knowledge of athletes, coaches, and parents/guardians in a community setting and to understand trends/gaps in knowledge among subgroups to tailor efforts toward creating educational interventions.This prospective cross-sectional study involved 262 individuals (142 [55%] female): 115 athletes participating in noncontact and contact sports (...) (ages 13-19 years), 15 coaches, and 132 parents. Recruitment occurred from August 30, 2015, through August 30, 2016, at 3 local high schools. Participants completed a questionnaire developed by the investigators to assess concussion experience and basic knowledge.Females, health care employees, and parents showed stronger concern for potential long-term sequelae of concussion, whereas athletes were most concerned about not being able to return to sport. Those with higher perceived concussion

2017 Mayo Clinic Proceedings

97. Threat, Pressure, and Communication About Concussion Safety: Implications for Parent Concussion Education. (Abstract)

Threat, Pressure, and Communication About Concussion Safety: Implications for Parent Concussion Education. Parental communication about the importance of reporting concussion symptoms can influence a child's attitudes about such reporting, and is likely related to perceived threat of concussion. However, parental investment in child sport achievement might impede this communication.To examine the relationship between perceived threat of concussion and parent-child communication regarding (...) concussion symptom reporting, and the potential interaction with parental pressure regarding child sport achievement.A total of 236 parents of youth soccer players completed an anonymous online survey.There were greater odds of encouraging concussion reporting among parents who perceived that their child had a greater likelihood of sustaining a concussion ( OR = 1.03, 95% CI [1.01, 1.04]) and lower odds among parents who exhibited greater parental sport pressure ( OR = 0.88, 95% CI [0.78, 0.99]). Parents

2017 Health Education & Behavior

98. Neuroprotective assessment of prolonged local hypothermia post-contusive spinal cord injury in rodent model. (Abstract)

Neuroprotective assessment of prolonged local hypothermia post-contusive spinal cord injury in rodent model. Although general hypothermia is recognized as a clinically applicable neuroprotective intervention, acute moderate local hypothermia post contusive spinal cord injury (SCI) is being considered a more effective approach. Previously, we have investigated the feasibility and safety of inducing prolonged local hypothermia in the central nervous system of a rodent model.Here, we aimed (...) to verify the efficacy and neuroprotective effects of 5 and 8 hours of local moderate hypothermia (30±0.5°C) induced 2 hours after moderate thoracic contusive SCI in rats.Rats were induced with moderate SCI (12.5 mm) at its T8 section. Local hypothermia (30±0.5°C) was induced 2 hours after injury induction with an M-shaped copper tube with flow of cold water (12°C), from the T6 to the T10 region. Experiment groups were divided into 5-hour and 8-hour hypothermia treatment groups, respectively, whereas

2017 The Spine Journal

99. Partially absorbed cataractous lens in the anterior chamber revealing neglected severe ocular contusion: a case report. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Partially absorbed cataractous lens in the anterior chamber revealing neglected severe ocular contusion: a case report. Ocular contusion can produce severe lesions, which if not treated appropriately and promptly, can lead to visual impairment. Ocular contusion in childhood may not be reported by children.A 27 year old female presented with a partially absorbed cataractous lens that was dislocated into the anterior chamber of her left eye. There was mild anterior chamber reaction. She reported

2017 BMC Ophthalmology

100. Derivation of a Predictive Score for Hemorrhagic Progression of Cerebral Contusions in Moderate and Severe Traumatic Brain Injury Full Text available with Trip Pro

Derivation of a Predictive Score for Hemorrhagic Progression of Cerebral Contusions in Moderate and Severe Traumatic Brain Injury After traumatic brain injury (TBI), hemorrhagic progression of contusions (HPCs) occurs frequently. However, there is no established predictive score to identify high-risk patients for HPC.Consecutive patients who were hospitalized (2008-2013) with non-penetrating moderate or severe TBI were studied. The primary outcome was HPC, defined by both a relative increase (...) in contusion volume by ≥30 % and an absolute increase by ≥10 mL on serial imaging. Logistic regression models were created to identify independent risk factors for HPC. The HPC Score was then derived based on the final model.Among a total of 286 eligible patients, 61 (21 %) patients developed HPC. On univariate analyses, HPC was associated with older age, higher initial blood pressure, antiplatelet medications, anticoagulants, subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) subdural hematoma (SDH), skull fracture, frontal

2017 Neurocritical care

To help you find the content you need quickly, you can filter your results via the categories on the right-hand side >>>>