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Contraction Stress Test

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21. Clinical Practice Guideline for the Treatment of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder

Clinical Practice Guideline for the Treatment of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Guideline Development Panel for the Treatment of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder in Adults Adopted as APA Policy February 24, 2017 PTSD CLINICAL PRACTICE GUIDELINE for the Treatment of Clinical Practice Guideline for the Treatment of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) in Adults American Psychological Association Guideline Development Panel for the Treatment of PTSD in Adults Adopted as APA Policy February 24, 2017 (...) GDP Members: Christine A. Courtois, Chair Jeffrey Sonis, Vice-Chair Laura S. Brown Joan Cook John A. Fairbank Matthew Friedman Joseph P. Gone Russell Jones Annette La Greca Thomas Mellman John Roberts Priscilla Schulz APA Guidelines Staff: Lynn F. Bufka Raquel Halfond Howard Kurtzman i Abstract Description: The American Psychological Association (APA) developed this guideline to provide recommendations on psychological and pharmacological treatments for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD

2017 American Psychological Association

22. Surgical Treatment of Female Stress Urinary Incontinence (SUI): AUA/SUFU Guideline

in the supine position, the test may be repeated in the standing position to facilitate the diagnosis. Once the increase in abdominal pressure has subsided, flow through the urethra should subside as well. Rarely, one may witness urine loss after an increase in intra-abdominal pressure has subsided. In this scenario, the incontinence may be, at least in part, due to an involuntary detrusor contraction (stress-induced detrusor overactivity). The Panel felt that physicians should obtain the following details (...) may perform additional evaluations in patients with the following conditions: (Expert Opinion) Concomitant overactive bladder symptoms Failure of prior anti-incontinence surgery Prior pelvic prolapse surgery Cystoscopy and Urodynamics Testing Physicians should not perform cystoscopy in index patients for the evaluation of stress urinary incontinence unless there is a concern for urinary tract abnormalities. (Clinical Principle) Physicians may omit urodynamic testing for the index patient desiring

2017 American Urological Association

23. Surgical Treatment of Female Stress Urinary Incontinence (SUI): AUA/SUFU Guideline

witness urine loss after an increase in intra-abdominal pressure has subsided. In this scenario, the incontinence may be, at least in part, due to an involuntary detrusor contraction (stress- induced detrusor overactivity). The Panel felt that physicians should obtain the following details from the history, bladder diary, questionnaires, and/or pad testing. ? Characterization of incontinence (stress, urgency, mixed, continuous, without sensory awareness) ? Chronicity of symptoms ? Frequency, bother (...) in patients with the following conditions: (Expert Opinion) ? Concomitant overactive bladder symptoms ? Failure of prior anti-incontinence surgery ? Prior pelvic prolapse surgery CYSTOSCOPY AND URODYNAMICS TESTING 4. Physicians should not perform cystoscopy in index patients for the evaluation of stress urinary incontinence unless there is a concern for urinary tract abnormalities. (Clinical Principle) 5. Physicians may omit urodynamic testing for the index patient desiring treatment when stress urinary

2017 Society of Urodynamics, Female Pelvic Medicine & Urogenital Reconstruction

24. HTA of HPV testing for cervical cancer screening

refers to identification of precancerous abnormalities that would not otherwise become clinically significant and may lead to increased surveillance, potentially increasing stress and anxiety, and or unnecessary treatment. Cervical cancer may develop in the time between a negative screening test and a woman’s next screening (interval cancer). This is another potential harm of any cervical screening programme. ? Primary HPV screening may result in worry and anxiety for some women. Potential issues (...) to the identification of precancerous abnormalities that would not otherwise have become clinically significant. Overdiagnosis may lead to increased surveillance, potentially increasing a woman’s stress and anxiety, and or unnecessary treatment. Cervical cancer may develop in the time interval between a negative screening test and the next scheduled screening, which is another potential harm of any cervical screening programme. As mentioned previously, there are three grades of CIN: CIN 1, CIN 2 and CIN 3. If left

2017 Health Information and Quality Authority

25. Can Women Correctly Contract Their Pelvic Floor Muscles After to Receive Verbal Instructions and Vaginal Palpation?

Incontinence Urinary Incontinence, Stress Urination Disorders Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms Other: Verbal instruction and Vaginal palpation Not Applicable Detailed Description: Research Questions: The objectives of this study is to test the hypothesis that the provision of verbal instructions about the anatomy and function of PFMs associated with the use of body techniques awareness and vaginal palpation helps in learning the correct contraction and improves the function of the PFMs. Design: A single (...) Can Women Correctly Contract Their Pelvic Floor Muscles After to Receive Verbal Instructions and Vaginal Palpation? Can Women Correctly Contract Their Pelvic Floor Muscles After to Receive Verbal Instructions and Vaginal Palpation? - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting registration or results information. Search for terms x × Study Record Detail Saved Studies Save this study Warning You have reached the maximum number

2017 Clinical Trials

26. Functional implications of muscle co-contraction during gait in advanced age Full Text available with Trip Pro

-contraction and gait characteristics under normal and dual task conditions in healthy older adults (85.4±5.9years). We hypothesized that greater co-contraction is associated with slower gait speed during dual task conditions that stress executive and attentional abilities. Co-contraction was quantified during different phases of the gait cycle using surface electromyography (EMG) signals obtained from the anterior tibialis and lateral gastrocnemius while walking at preferred speed during normal and dual (...) task conditions. Variables included the time difference to complete the Trail Making Test A and B (ΔTMT) and gait measures during normal or dual task walking. Higher co-contraction levels during the swing phase of both normal and dual task walking were associated with longer ΔTMT (normal: R2=0.25, p=0.02; dual task: R2=0.27, p=0.01). Co-contraction was associated with gait measures during dual task walking only; greater co-contraction levels during stride and stance were associated with slower gait

2017 Gait & posture Controlled trial quality: uncertain

27. Rapid versus slow ascending vasodilatation: intercellular conduction versus flow‐mediated signalling with tetanic versus rhythmic muscle contractions Full Text available with Trip Pro

that conducts along endothelium into FAs. Rhythmic twitch contractions stimulate FA endothelium to release nitric oxide in response to elevated shear stress secondary to metabolic dilatation of arterioles. Complementary endothelial signalling pathways for ascending vasodilatation ensure increased oxygen delivery to active skeletal muscle.In response to exercise, vasodilatation initiated within the microcirculation of skeletal muscle ascends the resistance network into upstream feed arteries (FAs) located (...) external to the tissue. Ascending vasodilatation (AVD) is essential for reducing FA resistance that otherwise restricts blood flow into the microcirculation. In the present study, we tested the hypothesis that signalling events underlying AVD vary with the intensity and duration of muscle contraction. In the gluteus maximus muscle of anaesthetized male C57BL/6 mice (aged 3-4 months), brief tetanic contraction (100 Hz for 500 ms) evoked rapid onset vasodilatation (ROV) in FAs that peaked within 4 s

2017 The Journal of physiology

28. Microstructure-based constitutive model of coronary artery with active smooth muscle contraction Full Text available with Trip Pro

measurements while mechanical testing of arteries (n = 5) were performed in this study to validate the computational predictions. The proposed model not only provides predictions of active and passive stress distributions of vessel wall, but also enables reliable estimations of material parameters of individual fibers and cells and thus predicts microstructural stresses. The validated microstructural model of coronary artery sheds light on vascular biomechanics and can be extend to diseased vessels (...) Microstructure-based constitutive model of coronary artery with active smooth muscle contraction Currently, there is no full three-dimensional (3D) microstructural mechanical model of coronary artery based on measured microstructure including elastin, collagen and smooth muscle cells. Many structural models employ mean values of vessel microstructure, rather than continuous distributions of microstructure, to predict the mechanical properties of blood vessels. Although some models show good

2017 Scientific reports

29. Economic stress or random variation? Revisiting German reunification as a natural experiment to investigate the effect of economic contraction on sex ratios at birth Full Text available with Trip Pro

Economic stress or random variation? Revisiting German reunification as a natural experiment to investigate the effect of economic contraction on sex ratios at birth The economic stress hypothesis (ESH) predicts decreases in the sex ratio at birth (SRB) following economic decline. However, as many factors influence the SRB, this hypothesis is difficult to test empirically. Thus, researchers make use of quasi-experiments such as German reunification: The economy in East, but not in West Germany

2014 Environmental Health

30. Gene expression profiling and immunohistochemistry tests for personalised management of adjuvant chemotherapy decisions in early breast cancer ? a Rapid Assessment

Gene expression profiling and immunohistochemistry tests for personalised management of adjuvant chemotherapy decisions in early breast cancer ? a Rapid Assessment 2015 www.kce.fgov.be KCE REPORT 237 GENE EXPRESSION PROFILING AND IMMUNOHISTOCHEMISTRY TESTS FOR PERSONALISED MANAGEMENT OF ADJUVANT CHEMOTHERAPY DECISIONS IN EARLY BREAST CANCER A RAPID ASSESSMENT 2015 www.kce.fgov.be KCE REPORT 237 HEALTH TECHNOLOGY ASSESSMENT GENE EXPRESSION PROFILING AND IMMUNOHISTOCHEMISTRY TESTS (...) FOR PERSONALISED MANAGEMENT OF ADJUVANT CHEMOTHERAPY DECISIONS IN EARLY BREAST CANCER A RAPID ASSESSMENT LORENA SAN MIGUEL, JOAN VLAYEN, CHRIS DE LAET COLOPHON Title: Gene expression profiling and immunohistochemistry tests for personalised management of adjuvant chemotherapy decisions in early breast cancer – a Rapid Assessment Authors: Lorena San Miguel (KCE), Joan Vlayen (KCE), Chris De Laet (KCE) Project coordinator: Marijke Eyssen (KCE) Reviewers: Frank Hulstaert (KCE), Nancy Thiry (KCE) External experts

2015 Belgian Health Care Knowledge Centre

31. Unilateral anterior knee pain is associated with increased patellar lateral position after stressed lateral translation. (Abstract)

with idiopathic unilateral AKP (30.9 years, 23.4 kg/m2, 43% males) were included within the present study. Both knees of all the patients were examined by conventional imaging, including the measurement of trochlear sulcus angle, Caton-Deschamps index, tibial tuberosity to trochlear groove distance, patellar tilt angle and patellar subluxation (both at rest and upon quadriceps contraction). Additionally, the same patients underwent stress testing (Porto Patella Testing Device); these measurements were taken (...) Unilateral anterior knee pain is associated with increased patellar lateral position after stressed lateral translation. To objectively compare side-to-side patellar position and mobility in patients with idiopathic unilateral anterior knee pain (AKP) using a stress-testing device concomitantly with magnetic resonance imaging. It is hypothesized that the painful knees present greater patellar mobility than the contralateral non-painful knees.From a total sample of 359 patients, 23 patients

2019 Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy

32. NephroCheck: A Bedside Biomarker Test to Identify Patients at Risk for Acute Kidney Injury

AKI is defined as stage 2 or 3 in the KDIGO classification. 7,19 Serum creatinine measurement and urine output have been the standard diagnostic tests for AKI for many years. Creatinine is a waste product produced by the muscles during the break down of creatine that produces energy for muscle contraction. Elevated levels of creatinine indicate impaired kidney function. 20 Determining the duration of AKI helps to distinguish it from chronic kidney disease (CKD), identify possible underlying causes (...) NephroCheck: A Bedside Biomarker Test to Identify Patients at Risk for Acute Kidney Injury NephroCheck: A Bedside Biomarker Test to Identify Patients at Risk for Acute Kidney Injury | CADTH.ca Find the information you need NephroCheck: A Bedside Biomarker Test to Identify Patients at Risk for Acute Kidney Injury NephroCheck: A Bedside Biomarker Test to Identify Patients at Risk for Acute Kidney Injury Published on: March 27, 2015 Project Number: EH0024 Product Line: Issue: Issue 131 Result type

2015 CADTH - Issues in Emerging Health Technologies

33. Exercise Testing Oversights Underlie Missed and Delayed Diagnosis of Catecholaminergic Polymorphic Ventricular Tachycardia in Young Sudden Cardiac Arrest Survivors. (Abstract)

Exercise Testing Oversights Underlie Missed and Delayed Diagnosis of Catecholaminergic Polymorphic Ventricular Tachycardia in Young Sudden Cardiac Arrest Survivors. Catecholaminergic polymorphic ventricular tachycardia (CPVT) is characterized by adrenergically induced ventricular tachycardia, syncope, and sudden cardiac arrest (SCA). In the absence of structural disease, exercise-provoked premature ventricular contractions in bigeminy or couplets and nonsustained ventricular tachycardia (...) are highly predictive of CPVT.The purpose of this study was to determine the number of missed or delayed CPVT diagnoses attributable to exercise testing oversights in a cohort of young SCA survivors.A retrospective review of 101 young SCA survivors (younger than 35 years at the time of SCA) with otherwise structurally normal hearts was used to identify those with a missed or delayed CPVT diagnosis because of overlooked evidence or lack of an exercise stress test (EST) or catecholamine provocation test

2019 Heart Rhythm

34. The Knack on Female Stress Urinary Incontinence

and of 11 to 50 grams as moderate stress urinary incontinence. The sample will also include women with grade 2 muscle strength (normal contraction with elevation of the anterior vaginal wall) on the two-finger assessment rated according to the Oxford scale. The primary outcome measure will be the objective cure of urinary incontinence as assessed by means of the one-hour pad test three months after randomization. Secondary outcome measures: three-day bladder diary, 1 hour pad test, International (...) Party): Fatima Fitz, Federal University of São Paulo Study Details Study Description Go to Brief Summary: The aim of the present study is to test the hypothesis that voluntary pelvic floor muscle pre-contraction (the Knack) (alone) can be a treatment for urine leakage during efforts. For this purpose, the following parameters will be analysed and compared amongst 1) the Knack, 2) pelvic floor muscle training and 3) the Knack + pelvic floor muscle training groups: urine leakage as assessed by the pad

2018 Clinical Trials

35. Using Work Ability Index and work-related stress to evaluate the physical and mental fitness of Iranian telecom tower climbers Full Text available with Trip Pro

-sectional study was conducted among employees of a contracting company which worked in the field of telecommunication tower installation in Iran during 2016. Sixty out of 93 workers voluntarily participated in this study. Data collection tools were the Persian version of the Work Ability Index (WAI), the Persian version of the Health and Safety Executive (HSE) Stress Indicator Tool and an author-developed measure to assess socio-demographic characteristics. Data was analyzed through statistical tests (...) such as independent t-test, univariate analyses of variance (ANOVAs), Pearson's correlation coefficient, and multivariate linear regression; using SPSS 19 software.Workers' mean ± SD WAI score was 29.17 ± 10.33 and for work-related stress was 3.08 ± 1.80. There was a significant relation between WAI and educational level, job tenure, hours of sleep per day, regular exercise, and second job. The repression modeling explained 67.4% of the total variance (adjusted R2) of the WAI score. Among the dimensions of work

2018 Journal of Injury and Violence Research

36. Perioperative Stress and Pain Perception of Second Eye Cataract Surgery

mentioned electrical conductance of the skin. It is used as an indication of psychological and physiological excitation and thus represents an indicator for the individual's stress response. Electromyograph (EMG) uses surface electrodes to measure the electrical activity of the skeletal muscles when they are relaxed and contracted by detecting the combined electrical potential generated by the muscle cells. The mean value of the rectified EMG signal of the upper trapezius muscle increases during (...) Perioperative Stress and Pain Perception of Second Eye Cataract Surgery Perioperative Stress and Pain Perception of Second Eye Cataract Surgery - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting registration or results information. Search for terms x × Study Record Detail Saved Studies Save this study Warning You have reached the maximum number of saved studies (100). Please remove one or more studies before adding more. Perioperative

2018 Clinical Trials

37. Biomarkers of preconception stress and the incidence of pregnancy loss. Full Text available with Trip Pro

-amylase, biomarkers of stress. Women used home pregnancy tests on the day of expected menses. A pregnancy loss was defined as a negative pregnancy test following a positive pregnancy test, the onset of menses, or for pregnancies that survived to clinical recognition, recognition of the loss by a healthcare provider.Among the 337 couples, the median age of female and male partners was 29 and 31 years, respectively. Most of the women were non-Hispanic white (83%) and highly educated. There were 97 (...) -represented, therefore it is possible that the results might not be generalizable to all women.In one of the largest studies in the USA to prospectively capture data on the incidence of early pregnancy loss, we found no clear association between two biomarkers of preconception stress (measured in saliva) and pregnancy loss.This study was supported by the Intramural Research Program of the Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (contracts #N01-HD-3-3355, N01-HD-3

2018 Human Reproduction

38. Enhanced Metabolic Stress Augments Ischemic Preconditioning for Exercise Performance Full Text available with Trip Pro

of participants for whom a traditional IPC stimulus was not effective, the magnification of the IPC stress through muscle contractions while under occlusion led to a subsequent exercise performance response. These findings support that amplification of the ischemic preconditioning stimulus augments the effect for exercise capacity. (...) Enhanced Metabolic Stress Augments Ischemic Preconditioning for Exercise Performance Purpose: To identify the combined effect of increasing tissue level oxygen consumption and metabolite accumulation on the ergogenic efficacy of ischemic preconditioning (IPC) during both maximal aerobic and maximal anaerobic exercise. Methods: Twelve healthy males (22 ± 2 years, 179 ± 2 cm, 80 ± 10 kg, 48 ± 4 ml.kg-1.min-1) underwent four experimental conditions: (i) no IPC control, (ii) traditional IPC, (iii

2018 Frontiers in physiology Controlled trial quality: uncertain

39. Stress & Anxiety Dampening Effects of a Probiotic Supplement Compared to Placebo in Healthy Subjects

and questionnaires will be assessed before, during and after the Trier Social Stress Test (TSST). The results of this study indicate if the chosen study design is suitable to discover stress-related effects of probiotics. Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase Healthy Stress, Psychological Dietary Supplement: Lpc-37 Dietary Supplement: Placebo Not Applicable Detailed Description: The total mass of microorganisms residing within the human intestine is approximately the same as that of the human brain (...) Stress & Anxiety Dampening Effects of a Probiotic Supplement Compared to Placebo in Healthy Subjects Stress & Anxiety Dampening Effects of a Probiotic Supplement Compared to Placebo in Healthy Subjects - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting registration or results information. Search for terms x × Study Record Detail Saved Studies Save this study Warning You have reached the maximum number of saved studies (100). Please

2018 Clinical Trials

40. Oxidative Stress in Women Treated With Atosiban for Impending Preterm Birth

Oxidative Stress in Women Treated With Atosiban for Impending Preterm Birth Oxidative Stress in Women Treated With Atosiban for Impending Preterm Birth - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting registration or results information. Search for terms x × Study Record Detail Saved Studies Save this study Warning You have reached the maximum number of saved studies (100). Please remove one or more studies before adding more (...) . Oxidative Stress in Women Treated With Atosiban for Impending Preterm Birth The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our for details. ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03570294 Recruitment Status : Active, not recruiting First Posted : June 26, 2018 Last Update Posted : June 27, 2018 Sponsor: Polish Mother Memorial Hospital Research Institute

2018 Clinical Trials

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