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Conjunctivitis in Newborns

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1. Conjunctivitis in the Newborn

Conjunctivitis in the Newborn Prevalence of Conjunctivitis and Indentification of Risk Factors With and Without Prophylactic Antibiotic Treatment in Neonates - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting registration or results information. Search for terms x × Study Record Detail Saved Studies Save this study Warning You have reached the maximum number of saved studies (100). Please remove one or more studies before adding more (...) : Centre Hospitalier Universitaire, Amiens Information provided by (Responsible Party): Centre Hospitalier Universitaire, Amiens Study Details Study Description Go to Brief Summary: The French guidelines for the use of Rifamycine eye drops in delivery room to prevent neonatal conjunctivitis have been actualized. Only newborns exposed to risk factors of conjunctivitis should be treated, compared to previous guidelines, treating all newborns. currently, there are no data describing risk factors

2018 Clinical Trials

2. Conjunctivitis in Newborns

Conjunctivitis in Newborns Conjunctivitis in Newborns Toggle navigation Brain Head & Neck Chest Endocrine Abdomen Musculoskeletal Skin Infectious Disease Hematology & Oncology Cohorts Diagnostics Emergency Findings Procedures Prevention & Management Pharmacy Resuscitation Trauma Emergency Procedures Ultrasound Cardiovascular Emergencies Lung Emergencies Infectious Disease Pediatrics Neurologic Emergencies Skin Exposure Miscellaneous Abuse Cancer Administration 4 Conjunctivitis in Newborns (...) Conjunctivitis in Newborns Aka: Conjunctivitis in Newborns , Neonatal Conjunctivitis , Ophthalmia Neonatorum II. Definition within the first 4 weeks of life III. Pathophysiology Typically vertical transmission via birth canal IV. Causes Chemical (most common) Typically a reaction to prophylactic applied at birth (less common with than ) Mild palpebral edema and clear, sterile Onset <24-36 hours within eye prophylaxis at birth Resolves within 48 hours of birth See Onset typically within 2-4 days of life (up

2018 FP Notebook

3. WHO recommendations on newborn health

of maternal infection, and therefore this recommendation is conditional. If treatment 18 WHO RECOMMENDATIONS ON NEWBORN HEALTH is provided, benzathine penicillin G 50 000 U/kg/day single dose intramuscularly is an option. (Conditional recommendation, very low quality evidence). Source Ophthalmia neonatorum Treatment of eye infection ¦ ¦ In neonates with gonococcal conjunctivitis, the WHO STI guideline suggests one of the following treatment options: — ceftriaxone 50 mg/kg (maximum 150 mg) IM as a single (...) WHO recommendations on newborn health WHO RECOMMENDATIONS ON Newborn Health GUIDELINES APPROVED BY THE WHO GUIDELINES REVIEW COMMITTEE UPDATED MAY 2017WHO RECOMMENDATIONS ON Newborn Health GUIDELINES APPROVED BY THE WHO GUIDELINES REVIEW COMMITTEE UPDATED MAY 2017WHO/MCA/17.07 © World Health Organization 2017 Some rights reserved. This work is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial- ShareAlike 3.0 IGO licence (CC BY-NC-SA 3.0 IGO; https://creativecommons.org/licenses

2017 World Health Organisation Guidelines

4. Introduction to Resuscitation of the Newborn Infant

Introduction to Resuscitation of the Newborn Infant ANZCOR Guideline 13.1 August 2018 Page 1 of 10 ANZCOR Guideline 13.1 – Introduction to Resuscitation of the Newborn Infant Summary Guidelines 13.1-13.10 and the Newborn Life Support algorithm are provided to assist in the resuscitation of newborn infants. Differences from the adult and paediatric guidelines reflect differences in the causes of cardiorespiratory arrest in, and anatomy and physiology of newborns, older infants, children (...) apply? The term “newborn” refers to the infant in the first minutes to hours following birth. In contrast, the neonatal period is defined as the first 28 days of life. Infancy includes the neonatal period and extends through the first 12 months of life. Guidelines 13.1-13.10 and the Newborn Life Support algorithm are specifically for the care of infants during the neonatal period, and particularly for newborn infants. The exact age at which paediatric techniques and in particular, compression

2016 Australian Resuscitation Council

5. Chlamydia Conjunctivitis in 2 Prepubertal Children: An Uncommon Presentation of Child Sexual Abuse. (PubMed)

Chlamydia Conjunctivitis in 2 Prepubertal Children: An Uncommon Presentation of Child Sexual Abuse. Sexually transmitted infection as the result of child sexual abuse in prepubertal children is uncommon. Chlamydia trachomatis conjunctivitis is an even less common entity in prepubertal children outside the newborn period. This report details the presentation of 2 children with conjunctivitis who were subsequently diagnosed as having C. trachomatis conjunctivitis. One child was also diagnosed (...) . trachomatis using nucleic acid amplification testing and culture as well as treatment. Specific clinical features should alert the clinician to C. trachomatis conjunctivitis and lead to timely diagnosis and protection of the child from further sexual abuse.

2018 Pediatric Emergency Care

6. Optimizing Accessibility of a Hand-Wash Gel to Infant's Cradle: Effect on Neonatal Conjunctivitis. (PubMed)

was noted, (2) rate of bacterial conjunctivitis: number of positive swabs per 1000 newborns and (3) percentage of positive swabs out of all sampled swabs.Compared with pre-intervention period, the rate of CNC dropped significantly during the intervention period: 28.6/1000 versus 21.3/1000, respectively, P < 0.01. However, the number of positive bacterial swabs per 1000 newborns (3.2 vs. 2.5) and the percentage of positive bacterial swabs of all sent samples (11.6% vs. 10.8%) were not different between (...) Optimizing Accessibility of a Hand-Wash Gel to Infant's Cradle: Effect on Neonatal Conjunctivitis. In our recent study in 2015, we showed a significant relationship between increased rate of clinical neonatal conjunctivitis (CNC) and performance of eye red reflex examination. Our study aim was to assess whether improved accessibility of staff to disinfectant gel (via attaching the gel bottle to infant's cradle) will increase the caring staff compliance with hand hygiene and decrease the rate

2018 Pediatric Infectious Dsease Journal

7. Newborn Nursing Care Pathway

initiation of feeding and maternal/infant eye contact • Uncoordinated movement • May see chemical conjunctivitis due to eye ointment Parent education/ Anticipatory Guidance • Eye prophylaxis – prevention of ophthalmia neonatorum • Refer to >12-24 hr Norm and Normal Variations • Refer to POS Parent education/ Anticipatory Guidance • Eye care Clean from inner canthus to outer edge with warm water when bathing • Newborn’s vision Nearsighted – see most clearly when objects 8-10 inches from face Show (...) Newborn Nursing Care Pathway August 2013 (v2 March 2015) While every attempt has been made to ensure that the information contained herein is clinically accurate and current, Perinatal Services BC acknowledges that many issues remain controversial, and therefore may be subject to practice interpretation. © Perinatal Services BC, 2013 Perinatal Services BC West Tower, #350 555 West 12 th Avenue Vancouver, BC Canada V5Z 3X7 Tel: (604) 877-2121 www.perinatalservicesbc.ca Table of Contents

2015 British Columbia Perinatal Health Program

8. Meningococcal Neonatal Purulent Conjunctivitis/Sepsis and Asymptomatic Carriage of N. meningitidis in Mother's Vagina and Both Parents' Nasopharynx (PubMed)

and nasopharynx). As part of our active surveillance for meningococcal disease at the Tijuana General Hospital (TGH), Mexico, we identified a 3-day-old newborn with meningococcal conjunctivitis and sepsis. The patient had a one-day history of conjunctivitis and poor feeding. Clinical examination confirmed profuse purulent conjunctival discharge, as well as clinical signs and laboratory findings suggestive of bacteraemia. Gram stain from conjunctival exudate revealed intracellular Gram negative diplococci; we (...) Meningococcal Neonatal Purulent Conjunctivitis/Sepsis and Asymptomatic Carriage of N. meningitidis in Mother's Vagina and Both Parents' Nasopharynx Neonatal conjunctivitis is usually associated with vagina's infection by Chlamydia sp., N. gonorrhoeae, and/or other bacteria during delivery. Meningococcal neonatal conjunctivitis is an extremely rare disease. We report a case of neonatal meningococcal sepsis/conjunctivitis and asymptomatic carriage of N. meningitidis from both parents (vagina

Full Text available with Trip Pro

2017 Case reports in infectious diseases

9. Retinal and Optic Nerve Hemorrhages in the Newborn Infant: One-Year Results of the Newborn Eye Screen Test Study. (PubMed)

Retinal and Optic Nerve Hemorrhages in the Newborn Infant: One-Year Results of the Newborn Eye Screen Test Study. To report the birth prevalence, risk factors, characteristics, and location of fundus hemorrhages (FHs) of the retina and optic nerve present in newborns at birth.Prospective cohort study at Stanford University School of Medicine.All infants who were 37 weeks postmenstrual age or older and stable were eligible for screening. Infants with known or suspected infectious conjunctivitis (...) were excluded.Infants born at Lucile Packard Children's Hospital (LPCH) from July 25, 2013, through July 25, 2014, were offered universal newborn screening via wide-angle digital retinal photography in the Newborn Eye Screen Test study. Maternal, obstetric, and neonatal factors were obtained from hospital records. The location, retinal layer, and laterality of FH were recorded by 1 pediatric vitreoretinal specialist.Birth prevalence of FH. Secondary outcomes included rate of adverse events, risk

Full Text available with Trip Pro

2016 Ophthalmology

10. Newborn hypoglycaemia

Newborn hypoglycaemia Maternity and Neonatal C linical G uideline Department of Health Newborn hypoglycaemia Queensland Clinical Guideline: Newborn hypoglycaemia Refer to online version, destroy printed copies after use Page 2 of 21 Document title: Newborn hypoglycaemia Publication date: August 2013 Document number: MN13.8-V5-R18 Document supplement: The document supplement is integral to and should be read in conjunction with this guideline. Amendment date: August 2013: Full review of original (...) document published in 2010 April 2015: Amendment: Glucose Gel 40% added Full version history is supplied in the document supplement. Replaces document: MN13.8-V4-R18 Newborn hypoglycaemia Author: Queensland Clinical Guidelines Audience: Health professionals in Queensland public and private maternity services Review date: August 2018 Endorsed by: Queensland Clinical Guidelines Steering Committee Statewide Maternity and Neonatal Clinical Network (Queensland) Contact: Email: Guidelines@health.qld.gov.au

2015 Queensland Health

11. Routine newborn assessment

Routine newborn assessment Maternity and Neonatal Clinical Guideline Great state. Great opportunity. Department of HealthQueensland Clinical Guideline: Routine newborn assessment Refer to online version, destroy printed copies after use Page 2 of 17 Document title: Routine newborn assessment (previously Examination of the newborn baby) Publication date: October 2014 Document number: MN14.4.V4.R19 Document supplement: The document supplement is integral to and should be read in conjunction (...) . Newborn examination continued Aspect Clinical assessment Indications for further investigation ? Urgent follow-up Face • Symmetry of structure, features and movement • Asymmetry on crying • Eyes o Size and structure o Position in relation to the nasal bridge o Red eye reflex • Hazy, dull cornea • Absent red reflex • Pupils unequal, dilated or constricted • Purulent conjunctivitis • Nose o Position and symmetry of the nares and septum • Nasal flaring ? Non-patent nares especially if bilateral

2014 Queensland Health

12. WHO recommendation on community mobilization through facilitated participatory learning and action cycles with women?s groups for maternal and newborn health

WHO recommendation on community mobilization through facilitated participatory learning and action cycles with women?s groups for maternal and newborn health WHO recommendation on community mobilization through facilitated participatory learning and action cycles with women’s groups for maternal and newborn health 2014WHO recommendation on community mobilization through facilitated participatory learning and action cycles with women’s groups for maternal and newborn health 2014WHO Library (...) Cataloguing-in-Publication Data WHO recommendation on community mobilization through facilitated participatory learning and action cycles with women’s groups for maternal and newborn health. 1.Women’s Health. 2.Infant Mortality – prevention and control. 3.Maternal Mortality. 4.Community Health Services. 5.Cooperative Behavior. 6.Guideline. I. World Health Organization. ISBN 978 92 4 150727 1 (NLM classific ation: WA 310) © World Health Organization 2014 All rights reserved. Publications of the World

2014 World Health Organisation Guidelines

13. Routine newborn assessment

Routine newborn assessment Maternity and Neonatal Clinical Guideline Great state. Great opportunity. Department of HealthQueensland Clinical Guideline: Routine newborn assessment Refer to online version, destroy printed copies after use Page 2 of 17 Document title: Routine newborn assessment (previously Examination of the newborn baby) Publication date: October 2014 Document number: MN14.4.V4.R19 Document supplement: The document supplement is integral to and should be read in conjunction (...) . Newborn examination continued Aspect Clinical assessment Indications for further investigation ? Urgent follow-up Face • Symmetry of structure, features and movement • Asymmetry on crying • Eyes o Size and structure o Position in relation to the nasal bridge o Red eye reflex • Hazy, dull cornea • Absent red reflex • Pupils unequal, dilated or constricted • Purulent conjunctivitis • Nose o Position and symmetry of the nares and septum • Nasal flaring ? Non-patent nares especially if bilateral

2014 Clinical Practice Guidelines Portal

14. Gonococcal Conjunctivitis

Gonococcal Conjunctivitis Aka: Gonococcal Conjunctivitis , Gonorrhea Conjunctivitis , Gonorrheal Conjunctivitis , Hyperacute Bacterial Conjunctivitis From Related Chapters II. Causes III. Signs Profuse purulent exudate ("waterfall of pus") Profound lid edema ation Occurs in newborns within 24-48 hours of birth IV. Management: Newborns ral Measures Frequent saline until no discharge Treat mother and partners for and Treat newborn also for Antibiotic ( ) 25 to 50 mg/kg up to 250 mg IV/IM x1 dose (preferred (...) Gonococcal Conjunctivitis Gonococcal Conjunctivitis Toggle navigation Brain Head & Neck Chest Endocrine Abdomen Musculoskeletal Skin Infectious Disease Hematology & Oncology Cohorts Diagnostics Emergency Findings Procedures Prevention & Management Pharmacy Resuscitation Trauma Emergency Procedures Ultrasound Cardiovascular Emergencies Lung Emergencies Infectious Disease Pediatrics Neurologic Emergencies Skin Exposure Miscellaneous Abuse Cancer Administration 4 Gonococcal Conjunctivitis

2018 FP Notebook

15. Chlamydial Conjunctivitis

Chlamydial Conjunctivitis Aka: Chlamydial Conjunctivitis , Chlamydia Conjunctivitis , Trachoma , Adult Inclusion Conjunctivitis , Neonatal Inclusion Conjunctivitis , Neonatal Inclusion Blennorrhea , Inclusion Conjunctivitis of the Newborn , Cicatricial Trachoma From Related Chapters II. Epidemiology Trachoma responsible for 15% of world blindness III. History Trachoma first described in 16th Century B.C. Egypt IV. Characteristics Trachoma Highest risk of Trachoma in first 3-6 years of life Associated (...) V. Signs May present as subacute case (>4 weeks) Unilateral with hyperemia and mucopurulent discharge (stringy mucous discharge) Lymphoid follicle formation (also seen in some ) Tiny, rice grain size, gelatinous pale bumps on the at fornix VI. Causes Less common Chlamydia Conjunctivitis causes VII. Differential Diagnosis See (Newborns) VIII. Management Trachoma 20 mg/kg orally (up to 1 gram) for single dose (or 100 mg orally bid x21 days) AND Topical or ointment twice daily for 28 days Adult

2018 FP Notebook

16. Bacterial Conjunctivitis

Conjunctivitis Aka: Bacterial Conjunctivitis From Related Chapters II. Epidemiology Transmission typically via direct contact with contaminated items (esp. fingers) Infectious for first 48 hours of treatment III. Causes Newborns (see ) See in Children (*) e (*) species species Adults (*) epidermidis species Pseudomonas species (especially with wear) species ( ) IV. Symptoms Sudden onset Unilateral Progresses to other eye in 2-5 days Mucopurulent discharge Copious gray, yellow, or green discharge Consider (...) % l Glued shut, no itch, no prior history: 77% l References VII. Complications Deeper eye involvement may occur in severe cases (" ") Seen in chronic Bacterial Conjunctivitis Colonization of lid margins by (stye) VIII. Course: Self-Limited Resolves in 2 weeks without treatment (65% improve within 2-5 days) Clears in 48-72 hours with treatment Serious complications are rare IX. Lab: Eye Culture Indications Severe cases Immune compromised state use Newborns Failed initial treatment X. Management

2018 FP Notebook

17. Risk of Allergic Rhinitis, Allergic Conjunctivitis, and Eczema in Children Born to Mothers with Gum Inflammation during Pregnancy (PubMed)

Health Insurance database. A study cohort of 42,217 newborns born to mothers with periodontal disease during pregnancy was identified in 2001 and matched with 42,334 babies born to mothers without any infection (control) by mother's age at delivery and baby sex. With a follow-up period from 2001 to 2010, we observed the incidence of allergic rhinitis (AR), allergic conjunctivitis (AC), and eczema in these children. Cox proportional hazards regression models were performed with premature deaths (...) Risk of Allergic Rhinitis, Allergic Conjunctivitis, and Eczema in Children Born to Mothers with Gum Inflammation during Pregnancy Despite links between maternal and child health status, evidence on the association between gum infection in pregnant mothers and childhood allergies is scarce. We aim to evaluate the risk of developing allergy in children born to periodontal mothers in a nationwide study.We conducted a 9-year population-based, retrospective cohort study using Taiwan's National

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2016 PloS one

18. Restoring Fetal Circulation as a Means of Bridging Treatment Prior to Surgical Repair of Anomalous Origin of the Right Pulmonary Artery from the Ascending Aorta with Persistent Pulmonary Hypertension of the Newborn. (PubMed)

Restoring Fetal Circulation as a Means of Bridging Treatment Prior to Surgical Repair of Anomalous Origin of the Right Pulmonary Artery from the Ascending Aorta with Persistent Pulmonary Hypertension of the Newborn. Anomalous origin of one pulmonary artery from the ascending aorta is a rare congenital anomaly. Even more rarely reported is its presence in conjunction with persistent pulmonary hypertension of the newborn (PPHN). We present a case of a full-term infant, initially thought to have

2018 Pediatric Cardiology

19. Conjunctivitis in Newborns

Conjunctivitis in Newborns Conjunctivitis in Newborns Toggle navigation Brain Head & Neck Chest Endocrine Abdomen Musculoskeletal Skin Infectious Disease Hematology & Oncology Cohorts Diagnostics Emergency Findings Procedures Prevention & Management Pharmacy Resuscitation Trauma Emergency Procedures Ultrasound Cardiovascular Emergencies Lung Emergencies Infectious Disease Pediatrics Neurologic Emergencies Skin Exposure Miscellaneous Abuse Cancer Administration 4 Conjunctivitis in Newborns (...) Conjunctivitis in Newborns Aka: Conjunctivitis in Newborns , Neonatal Conjunctivitis , Ophthalmia Neonatorum II. Definition within the first 4 weeks of life III. Pathophysiology Typically vertical transmission via birth canal IV. Causes Chemical (most common) Typically a reaction to prophylactic applied at birth (less common with than ) Mild palpebral edema and clear, sterile Onset <24-36 hours within eye prophylaxis at birth Resolves within 48 hours of birth See Onset typically within 2-4 days of life (up

2015 FP Notebook

20. Exploring the newborn head diameters in relation to current obstetric forceps' dimensions: A systematic review. (PubMed)

Exploring the newborn head diameters in relation to current obstetric forceps' dimensions: A systematic review. The aim of this study was to systematically search the literature for studies that reported term neonate head size and shape, in an attempt to determine the most appropriate dimensions for the obstetric forceps.We searched the Ovid Medline, Ovid Embase and Ebscohost CINAHL databases from inception to February 2016. We predefined inclusion criteria to identify studies in which head (...) , in conjunction with measurements of Neville Barnes' and Wrigley's forceps from our previous study, indicates current obstetric forceps' blades are too long, and close together. Potentially, this could be contributing to neonatal and maternal injuries associated with operational vaginal deliveries.Copyright © 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

2017 European journal of obstetrics, gynecology, and reproductive biology

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