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Computer Printer

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161. Creating an Optimal 3D Printed Model for Temporal Bone Dissection Training. (Abstract)

Creating an Optimal 3D Printed Model for Temporal Bone Dissection Training. Making a 3-dimensional (3D) temporal bone model is simple using a plaster powder bed and an inkjet printer. However, it is difficult to reproduce air-containing spaces and precise middle ear structures. The objective of this study was to overcome these problems and create a temporal bone model that would be useful both as a training tool and for preoperative simulation.Drainage holes were made to remove excess materials (...) from air-containing spaces, ossicle ligaments were manually changed to bony structures, and small and/or soft tissue structures were colored differently while designing the 3D models. The outcomes were evaluated by 3 procedures: macroscopic and endoscopic inspection of the model, comparison of computed tomography (CT) images of the model to the original CT, and assessment of tactile sensation and reproducibility by 20 surgeons performing surgery on the model.Macroscopic and endoscopic inspection

2017 Rhinology and Laryngology

162. Three-dimensional printing of navigational template in localization of pulmonary nodule: A pilot study. (Full text)

. This study aims to investigate its feasibility in clinical application.Patients with peripheral lung nodules (<2 cm) were enrolled. Preadmission computed tomography images were downloaded and reconstructed into a 3D model. A digital model of the navigational template was designed via computer-aided design software and then exported into 3D printer to produce physical template. The precision of the template-guided nodule localization and associated complications were evaluated.A total of 16 patients were (...) acceptable accuracy for the application in lung nodule localization. The use of this navigational template could facilitate the procedure of lung nodule localization and may potentially break the dependence of percutaneous localization on computed tomography scanning.Copyright © 2017. Published by Elsevier Inc.

2017 Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery PubMed abstract

163. 3D Printing of Biomolecular Models for Research and Pedagogy (Full text)

3D Printing of Biomolecular Models for Research and Pedagogy The construction of physical three-dimensional (3D) models of biomolecules can uniquely contribute to the study of the structure-function relationship. 3D structures are most often perceived using the two-dimensional and exclusively visual medium of the computer screen. Converting digital 3D molecular data into real objects enables information to be perceived through an expanded range of human senses, including direct stereoscopic (...) parameters is difficult and time consuming without detailed guidance. Here, we provide a guide on the digital design and physical fabrication of biomolecule models for research and pedagogy using open source or low-cost software and low-cost 3D printers that use fused filament fabrication technology.

2017 Journal of visualized experiments : JoVE PubMed abstract

164. Cost-effective, personalized, 3D-printed liver model for preoperative planning before laparoscopic liver hemihepatectomy for colorectal cancer metastases (Full text)

. This paper presents a cost-effective technique of preparing 3D-printed liver models that preserves the shape and all of the structures, including the vessels and the tumor, which in the present case is colorectal liver metastasis.The patient's computed tomography scans were used for the separation and visualization of virtual 3D anatomical structures. Those elements were transformed into stereolithographic files and subsequently printed on a desktop 3D printer. The multipart structure was assembled (...) Cost-effective, personalized, 3D-printed liver model for preoperative planning before laparoscopic liver hemihepatectomy for colorectal cancer metastases Three-dimensional (3D) printing for preoperative planning has been intensively developed in the recent years. However, the implementation of these solutions in hospitals is still difficult due to high costs, extremely expensive industrial-grade printers, and software that is difficult to obtain and learn along with a lack of a defined process

2017 International journal of computer assisted radiology and surgery PubMed abstract

165. Early experiences of planning stereotactic radiosurgery using 3D printed models of eyes with uveal melanomas (Full text)

Early experiences of planning stereotactic radiosurgery using 3D printed models of eyes with uveal melanomas The objective of this study was to determine the use of 3D printed model of an eye with intraocular tumor for linear accelerator-based stereotactic radiosurgery.The software for segmentation (3D Slicer) created virtual 3D model of eye globe with tumorous mass based on tissue density from computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging data. A virtual model was then processed (...) in the slicing software (Simplify3D®) and printed on 3D printer using fused deposition modeling technology. The material that was used for printing was polylactic acid.In 2015, stereotactic planning scheme was optimized with the help of 3D printed model of the patient's eye with intraocular tumor. In the period 2001-2015, a group of 150 patients with uveal melanoma (139 choroidal melanoma and 11 ciliary body melanoma) were treated. The median tumor volume was 0.5 cm3 (0.2-1.6 cm3). The radiation dose

2017 Clinical ophthalmology (Auckland, N.Z.) PubMed abstract

166. Development of three-dimensional prints of arthritic joints for supporting patients’ awareness to structural damage (Full text)

high-resolution peripheral quantitative computed tomography (HR-pQCT) to develop 3D prototypes of patients' finger joints.HR-pQCT (XtremeCT, Scanco) measurements were performed in healthy individuals and patients with inflammatory joint disease, followed by a 3D print using the objet30 printer. Healthy participants (n = 10), and patients (n = 15 with RA and 15 with PsA) underwent a detailed, standardized interview with demonstration of printed joints.Utilizing HR-pQCT images of metacarpophalangeal

2017 Arthritis research & therapy PubMed abstract

167. Using a handheld stereo depth camera to overcome limited field-of-view in simulation imaging for radiation therapy treatment planning (Full text)

Using a handheld stereo depth camera to overcome limited field-of-view in simulation imaging for radiation therapy treatment planning A correct body contour is essential for reliable treatment planning in radiation therapy. While modern medical imaging technologies provide highly accurate patient modeling, there are times when a patient's anatomy cannot be fully captured or there is a lack of easy access to computed tomography (CT) simulation. Here, we provide a practical solution (...) to merge the mesh model with the CT and fill in the missing surface information thereby obtaining a complete surface model of the subject. To evaluate the accuracy of the proposed approach, experiments were performed with the following steps. First, we selected three previously treated patients and fabricated a phantom mimicking each patient using the corresponding CT images and a 3D printer. Second, we removed part of the CT images of each patient to create hypothetical cases with image truncations

2017 Medical physics PubMed abstract

168. Intraoperative Change in Defect Size during Maxillary Reconstruction Using Surgical Guides Created by CAD/CAM (Full text)

Intraoperative Change in Defect Size during Maxillary Reconstruction Using Surgical Guides Created by CAD/CAM Surgical osteotomy guides created by computer-aided design/computer-aided manufacturing (CAD/CAM) have been developed and are now widely used in maxillofacial reconstruction. However, there are no standard procedures for dealing with an intraoperative change in defect size. We report on a case in which we used our CAD/CAM guides to deal with an intraoperative change in defect size (...) in a maxillary reconstruction. We planned the maxillary reconstruction using a free fibula flap because of left maxillary sinus cancer in a 73-year-old man. In Japan, we cannot use commercially supplied CAD/CAM guides because these have not been approved by the government. We created novel CAD/CAM guides by using free software and a low-cost 3D printer. We performed model surgery to check the accuracy of the design and to prebend the titanium plates before the operation. The actual defect in the maxilla

2017 Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery Global Open PubMed abstract

169. 3D-printed phantom study for investigating stent abutment during gastroduodenal stent placement for gastric outlet obstruction (Full text)

to design an in vitro experiment using a flexible anthropomorphic three-dimensional (3D)-printed GD phantom model.A GD phantom was fabricated using 3D printer data after performing computed tomography gastrography. A partially covered (PC) or fully covered (FC) stent was placed so that its distal end abutted onto the duodenal wall in groups PC-1 and FC-1 or its distal end was sufficiently directed caudally in groups PC-2 and FC-2. The elapsed times of the inflowing of three diets (liquid, soft

2017 3D Printing in Medicine PubMed abstract

170. Microsoft Windows Run Command

Utility IX. Technique: System Administration AppWiz.cpl Add or remove programs CompMgMt.msc Computer Management Control Control Panel Control AdminTools Administration Tools Control NetConnections Network Connections Control Printers Printers and Faxes HdwWiz.cpl Device Manager EventVwr.msc Event Viewer GpEdit.msc Local Group Policy Editor InetMgr Internet Information Services (IIS) MsInfo32 System Information SysDm.cpl System properties (computer name, hardware, remote and environment variables

2018 FP Notebook

171. Wired Connection Interface

Connection Interface Aka: Wired Connection Interface From Related Chapters II. Types: Computer to device interfaces USB USB 3.1 transfer rates of 10 GBits/s USB 3 transfer rates of 5 GBits/s (900 mA charging) USB 2 transfer rates of 480 MBits/s (500 mA charging) Adapters: Type A (standard desktop), Type B (micro, mini), Type C (new, reversible) Computer USB ports can be disabled via group management in windows (enterprise security measure) Old, largely defunct Firewire (IEEE 1394) Transfer rates 400-800 (...) MBits/s (defunct, replaced by USB) PS/2 Old notched, round, 6-pin and 1 square peg, mouse and keyboard adapters replaced by USB Parallel Port (DB25) Old 25-pin printer interfaces replaced by USB Serial Port (DB9) Old 9-pin device adapter (still used for some - e.g. router configuration) III. Types: Ethernet Cable (RJ-45, Twisted-Pair Copper Cable) Twisted cables cancel each wires' electromagnetic radiation (causes interference in other wires) Available in shielded (in areas of high signal

2018 FP Notebook

172. Will artificial intelligence ever replace doctors?

times ahead for the Airline Pilots Association. Making precision tools from 3D printers. Gourmet meals created with a voice-activated command. Theater and film productions starring faux actors created on keyboards. Will artificial intelligence invade the medical arena? The question is only how deeply it will invade. The role of the traditional physician is at risk of being marginalized as computer software hits the profession hard. Sure, computers cannot palpate an abdomen or perform a rectal exam (...) that sophisticated computer algorithms can synthesize an individual’s personal medical data and generate specific diagnoses, many of which might not have been considered by a human physician. Of course, there’s a lot more to being a decent physician than spitting out a list of diagnoses, as we doctors know despite when empowered patients bring us lists of diseases they think they have after spending some time in the Google School of Medicine. Although artificial intelligence is not a real doctor, it offers

2018 KevinMD blog

173. It’s time to upgrade the outdated intake forms at health care clinics

eleven-page patient questionnaire with instructions to print and complete the form prior to my visit. Like many, I lacked immediate access to a printer. After showing up to my appointment without the form, I was expected to complete it in the clinic’s lobby. As a returning patient of this health system, most of the information asked was already available in the electronic health record (EHR). Did they really need to ask me about my city of birth again? What is already known in the EHR should populate (...) from any computer, tablet or phone, so that our patients can fill out this information in their own time and native language. The forms employ predictive follow up questions and synchronize with the EHR so that patients are prompted to complete only information that needs updating. Some of these companies even provide educational content to give patients context on the questions that they are being asked and the consents that they are signing. I have seen first hand how competitive the health care

2018 KevinMD blog

174. Jennifer Isherwood: A trainee’s perspective on delivering frontline care

incoming doctors • set a brief agenda at the start, ie, “We have admitted X number of patients. There are Y number still to be seen and I am concerned about Z number of patients. We will discuss each in more detail.” The latter two points rely on good team communication, informing a single, usually most junior, doctor about the required data to update the patient list. This will unlock a Pandora’s box of IT issues: finding a computer with connecting printer that works, having appropriate knowledge (...) doctors’ hospital lives is the computer system. Each doctor is armed with a plethora of logins, different for the fundamental IT programmes. The IT programmes used often differ between hospitals, which requires retraining and familiarisation every 6 to 12 months following the rotation of hospital sites. The processes for requesting investigations again change — some require discussion, some are on paper, others are all online. Assuming you can find a rare gem — otherwise known as an available computer

2017 The BMJ Blog

175. Do I need a knee replacement?

principles – all geared to improve your quality of life. 7 comments on “ Do I need a knee replacement? ” I finally decided and I am going forward. I don’t have pain when sitting at a computer, but I am 81 years old, have had all the injections and fluid removals, did have an MRI and my doctor said “Arlene, I looked at your MRI and it wasn’t pretty. There is nothing more I can do for you except give you pain medication”. Well, I’m not having it until April, because of the holidays, plus I want to be able (...) to go outdoors and since I decided, now it seems to be worse. But, I am going to a doctor who is using the 3D printer and I think the procedure is called NAVIA – something like that, but I watched his seminar on it and also am going to have a consult with him in a couple of weeks, so I am finally confident about going forward. Thanks for all your posts, I enjoy reading them and was thinking of going with the arterial embolization, but now decided that it is just too late for that. So onward and hope

2018 Howard J. Luks, MD blog

176. Positron emission tomography (PET) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) for the assessment of axillary lymph node metastases in early breast cancer: systematic review and economic evaluation

emission tomography (PET) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) for the assessment of axillary lymph node metastases in early breast cancer: systematic review and economic evaluation. Health Technology Assessment 2011; 15(4): 1-134 Authors' objectives The objectives of this assessment were to evaluate the diagnostic accuracy, cost-effectiveness and effect on patient outcomes of positron emission tomography (PET), with or without computed tomography (CT), and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI (...) Address for correspondence NETSCC, Health Technology Assessment, Alpha House, University of Southampton Science Park, Southampton, SO16 7NS UK Tel: +44 23 8059 5586 Email: hta@hta.ac.uk AccessionNumber 32010000253 Date abstract record published 14/04/2010 Health Technology Assessment (HTA) database Copyright © 2011 Queen’s Printer and Controller of HMSO Homepage Options Print PubMed record Original research Share Message for HTA database users

2011 Health Technology Assessment (HTA) Database.

177. MAVARIC - a comparison of automation-assisted and manual cervical screening: a randomised controlled trial

. Project page URL INAHTA brief and checklist Indexing Status Subject indexing assigned by CRD MeSH Diagnosis, Computer-Assisteds; Mass Screening; Uterine Cervical Neoplasms Language Published English Country of organisation England Address for correspondence NETSCC, Health Technology Assessment, Alpha House, University of Southampton Science Park, Southampton, SO16 7NS UK Tel: +44 23 8059 5586 Email: hta@hta.ac.uk AccessionNumber 32010000272 Date abstract record published 14/04/2010 Health Technology (...) Assessment (HTA) database Copyright © 2011 Queen’s Printer and Controller of HMSO Homepage Options Print PubMed record Original research Share Message for HTA database users

2011 Health Technology Assessment (HTA) Database.

178. Wired Connection Interface

Connection Interface Aka: Wired Connection Interface From Related Chapters II. Types: Computer to device interfaces USB USB 3.1 transfer rates of 10 GBits/s USB 3 transfer rates of 5 GBits/s (900 mA charging) USB 2 transfer rates of 480 MBits/s (500 mA charging) Adapters: Type A (standard desktop), Type B (micro, mini), Type C (new, reversible) Computer USB ports can be disabled via group management in windows (enterprise security measure) Old, largely defunct Firewire (IEEE 1394) Transfer rates 400-800 (...) MBits/s (defunct, replaced by USB) PS/2 Old notched, round, 6-pin and 1 square peg, mouse and keyboard adapters replaced by USB Parallel Port (DB25) Old 25-pin printer interfaces replaced by USB Serial Port (DB9) Old 9-pin device adapter (still used for some - e.g. router configuration) III. Types: Ethernet Cable (RJ-45, Twisted-Pair Copper Cable) Twisted cables cancel each wires' electromagnetic radiation (causes interference in other wires) Available in shielded (in areas of high signal

2017 FP Notebook

179. Computer hardware for radiologists: Part 2 (Full text)

and a data cable. The four most popular "input/output devices" used commonly with computers are the printer, monitor, mouse, and keyboard. The "bus" is a built-in electronic signal pathway in the motherboard to permit efficient and uninterrupted data transfer. A motherboard can have several buses, including the system bus, the PCI express bus, the PCI bus, the AGP bus, and the (outdated) ISA bus. "Ports" are the location at which external devices are connected to a computer motherboard. All commonly used (...) peripheral devices, such as printers, scanners, and portable drives, need ports. A working knowledge of computers is necessary for the radiologist if the workflow is to realize its full potential and, besides, this knowledge will prepare the radiologist for the coming innovations in the 'ever increasing' digital future.

2010 The Indian journal of radiology & imaging PubMed abstract

180. Does Food Handler Training Improve Food Safety?

of sufficiently strong or moderate quality to include in this review. The review found insufficient research evidence that food handler training programs improve food safety practices among trained food handlers and limited evidence that it enhances knowledge or behaviour. Various methods of delivering training (live lecture, taped instruction, or computer system) are equally effective at enhancing knowledge. Mandatory training of managers, whose premises have been closed because of a threat to public health (...) training to be effective in enhancing food safety knowledge and behaviour among food handlers. Two of these three studies (Rinke et al., 1975; Waddell & Rinke, 1985) based their findings of improved knowledge by comparing pre-post test results from different training methods (live lecture, taped instruction, or computer system). Rinke conducted the training in a classroom setting with 60 food handlers employed in university residence halls. Waddell and Rinke held the training in a classroom with 230

2011 Peel Health Library

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