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141. From medical imaging data to 3D printed anatomical models. Full Text available with Trip Pro

From medical imaging data to 3D printed anatomical models. Anatomical models are important training and teaching tools in the clinical environment and are routinely used in medical imaging research. Advances in segmentation algorithms and increased availability of three-dimensional (3D) printers have made it possible to create cost-efficient patient-specific models without expert knowledge. We introduce a general workflow that can be used to convert volumetric medical imaging data (as generated (...) by Computer Tomography (CT)) to 3D printed physical models. This process is broken up into three steps: image segmentation, mesh refinement and 3D printing. To lower the barrier to entry and provide the best options when aiming to 3D print an anatomical model from medical images, we provide an overview of relevant free and open-source image segmentation tools as well as 3D printing technologies. We demonstrate the utility of this streamlined workflow by creating models of ribs, liver, and lung using

2017 PLoS ONE

143. Primary Prevention of Childhood Obesity (Second Edition)

an increasing amount of time in front of computers and other screens (Ontario Ministry of Health and Long-Term Care, 2012b). Outside of the home, physical activity requirements in schools and other child-care settings either do not exist or are not sufficiently enforced (Anderson, Aycock, Mihalic, Kozlowski, & Detschner, 2013; Benjamin, Cradock, Walker, Slining, & Gillman, 2008; Kim, 2012; Phillips et al., 2010; Vanderloo, Tucker, Ismail, & van Zandvroort, 2012). Barriers to physical activity are more

2014 Registered Nurses' Association of Ontario

144. Specification, implementation and management of information technology (IT) systems in hospital transfusion laboratories

/information-technology 1.4.5 Electronic Data Interchange (Interoperability) System to system communication is an essential requirement of healthcare computing. The LIMS will need to be able to communicate with the PAS, Electronic Request Systems (Order Comms), Electronic Blood Administration (tracking) Systems () and other hospital systems. Electronic Data Interchange (EDI) is the term used to describe the structured messages and protocols used for such communications in a way that the receiving system (...) can correctly interpret the value, meaning and context of the information sent from the transmitting system. Required EDI functionality should be identified, and EDI standards that are used within the national and local healthcare IT environment should be specified. Interfaces between computer systems, in particular between the PAS and LIMS must be configured and validated to ensure compatibility between the information formats used by each system. (NCA 2011) EDI may be uni-directional

2014 British Committee for Standards in Haematology

145. March 2014 supplement to the 2013 consolidated guidelines on the use of antiretroviral drugs for treating and preventing HIV infection

and regularly evaluated. Other policy and programme considerations HIV self-testing may provide an additional pathway for people to obtain care and treatment. Ways to facilitate links to care following HIV self-testing include pre-test information, counselling, post-test referrals and follow-up such as face-to- face counselling, telephone hotlines (2,21), videos, Skype, short message service (SMS) (32) and computer programmes (33). An individual with a reactive self-test result should be advised to seek (...) of more robust maternal combination antiretroviral regimens, prolonged infant antiviral prophylaxis and improved sensitivity of current HIV DNA- and RNA-based polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assays. • HIV serological assays, including rapid diagnostic tests, are underused to detect HIV exposure, and their use should be encouraged to fast-track children to a definitive diagnosis, particularly if they are sick. • Key innovations such as SMS printers and improved laboratory systems can greatly reduce

2014 World Health Organisation HIV Guidelines

146. Framework for conducting reviews of tuberculosis programmes

payments for national team members and support staff ? Make travel arrangements for national team members ? Make hotel reservations ? Hire interpreters, if needed ? Arrange meeting rooms for briefing, debriefing and preparing the final report ? Arrange for secretarial and administrative support as appropriate (for example, access to computers, printers, telephones, fax facilities, e-mail) ? Make arrangements for travel to sites within the country and notify the facilities that will be visited ? Arrange

2014 World Health Organisation Guidelines

147. Xpert MTB/RIF implementation manual Full Text available with Trip Pro

multidisease platform. The GeneXpert system was launched in 2004, and it simplifies molecular testing by fully integrating and automating the three processes required for real-time PCR-based molecular testing (that is, specimen preparation, amplification and detection). The system consists of an instrument, personal computer, barcode scanner and preloaded software; single-use disposable cartridges contain lyophilized reagents, buffers and washes. Target detection and characterization is performed in real (...) supply to avoid interruptions to the procedure and the subsequent loss of results, waste of cartridges and possible damage to or failure of the modules; • to be secured against theft, particularly the accompanying computer; • an ambient temperature of 15–30 °C in the room where the instrument is placed; • adequate storage space for the cartridges with an ambient temperature of 2–28 °C; • trained staff to perform the test; • biosafety precautions similar to those needed for direct smear microscopy

2014 World Health Organisation Guidelines

149. Guidelines for designing a digestive disease endoscopy unit: Report of the World Endoscopy Organization

sit to dictate, write or enter endoscopy results on a computer. Printer facilities for this should be available. Theassistantareashouldincludeaworksurfacewithinset sink, and units for the storage of endoscope accessories, small quantities of clean and sterile supplies and drugs, including the temporary storage of controlled drugs. There should be direct access from the assistant area to the endo- scope cleaning room to facilitate the reprocessing of endo- scopic equipment, including the light (...) early in their career (20 m 2 ). Information management and technology Computer systems are essential for the successful operation ofanendoscopyunitandideallyanintegratedsystemshould be installed, although stand-alone systems are a reasonable compromise, provided they cover the essential items of data capture and management: maintaining an appointment system, scheduling of endoscopy lists, recording and report- ing of endoscopy procedures and audit of quality-assurance indicators. As technology

2013 World Endoscopy Organization

150. Computer hardware for radiologists: Part 2 Full Text available with Trip Pro

and a data cable. The four most popular "input/output devices" used commonly with computers are the printer, monitor, mouse, and keyboard. The "bus" is a built-in electronic signal pathway in the motherboard to permit efficient and uninterrupted data transfer. A motherboard can have several buses, including the system bus, the PCI express bus, the PCI bus, the AGP bus, and the (outdated) ISA bus. "Ports" are the location at which external devices are connected to a computer motherboard. All commonly used (...) peripheral devices, such as printers, scanners, and portable drives, need ports. A working knowledge of computers is necessary for the radiologist if the workflow is to realize its full potential and, besides, this knowledge will prepare the radiologist for the coming innovations in the 'ever increasing' digital future.

2010 The Indian journal of radiology & imaging

151. Guidelines for intensive care unit design

Guidelines for intensive care unit design Guidelines for intensive care unit design* : Critical Care Medicine You may be trying to access this site from a secured browser on the server. Please enable scripts and reload this page. Login No user account? Lippincott Journals Subscribers , use your username or email along with your password to log in. Remember me on this computer Register for a free account Registered users can save articles, searches, and manage email alerts. All registration (...) be mounted on these devices, allowing optimal positioning of all support devices, such as monitors, computers, communication devices, and intravenous (IV) pumps. The use of booms permits maximum flexibility in bed placement. Pendant-mounted boom configurations offer immediate and unrestricted access to the patient’s head during a crisis ( ), but may be confusing to the patient. Medical Gas, Vacuum, Data, and Electrical Outlets. Medical gas, vacuum, data, and electrical outlets need to be accessible from

2012 Society of Critical Care Medicine

152. Effectiveness of barcoding for reducing patient specimen and laboratory testing identification errors Full Text available with Trip Pro

with the accompanying challenges and solutions [ , – , , , ]. Key implementation components for making barcoding technology work as intended include adequate training and education, well-designed patient ID bands, and adequate supplies and equipment maintained in good working order (e.g., label printers, computers, batteries, wireless networks) [ ]. Shortages and performance issues were noted as problems frustrating staff that can result in using error-prone work around processes [ ]. Support and involvement from (...) , specimen collection, analysis and test result reporting[ ]. Barcode scanners are used to confirm patient identity. Other options include barcoded patient wristbands, portable printers to generate labels at the bedside, and use of an interface with a computerized physician order entry (CPOE) system. Point-of-Care Test Barcoding Systems Automated patient specimen and laboratory testing identification system use bar-coded patient identification and bar code scanners with a testing device at or close

2012 Laboratory Medicine Best Practices

153. Infections Associated with Personal Service Establishments: Piercing and Tattooing

-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (CA- MRSA). All patients had received tattoos from 13 unlicensed tattoo artists over a two-year period in three U.S. states. Some patients reported observing lesions, consistent with MRSA infections, on the tattooists’ hands while others reported receiving tattoos in public places, such as parks or private residences; some tattoos were conducted with guitar-string needles and computer ink-jet printer cartridges. Interviews with 7 of the tattooists revealed poor adherence

2012 National Collaborating Centre for Environmental Health

154. Community Engagement as a Public Health Approach

to be involved. This may include helping them to develop knowledge and skills, including the ability to deal with discrimination and stigma (this could be an issue, for example, if someone has HIV). It may also involve dealing with practical issues such as the time they have available, their financial constraints, caring responsibilities or any difficulties they have with transport. i. Provide appropriate, accessible meeting spaces and equipment (such as telephones, computers and photocopying facilities

2012 Peel Health Library

155. Cardiac 3D Printing and its Future Directions. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Cardiac 3D Printing and its Future Directions. Three-dimensional (3D) printing is at the crossroads of printer and materials engineering, noninvasive diagnostic imaging, computer-aided design, and structural heart intervention. Cardiovascular applications of this technology development include the use of patient-specific 3D models for medical teaching, exploration of valve and vessel function, surgical and catheter-based procedural planning, and early work in designing and refining the latest

2017 JACC. Cardiovascular imaging

156. Patient Specific Template Guided Pedicle Instrumentation Versus Free Hand Technique

the entry points as well as the direction of the screw. Also, replicas of the individual vertebra are produced in the 3D printer. The patients are operated in a prone position via a dorsal approach. After preparation of the dorsal process, vertebral arches and vertebral joints as well as the transverse process, the screws are implanted with one of the following methods depending on the randomization: Freehand (fluoroscopically controlled) MySpine System Postoperatively, all patients undergo computed (...) system than by the conventional free-hand method using intraoperative fluoroscopy. Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase Spinal Cord Diseases Procedure: spondylodesis Procedure: CT Not Applicable Detailed Description: Patients with an indication for spondylodesis are included according to the inclusion criteria and exclusion criteria. Subsequently, randomization into the MySpine and conventional group is performed. Patients remain blinded to the randomization. On the basis of a computed

2017 Clinical Trials

157. Preoperative planning and tracheal stent design in thoracic surgery: a primer for the 2017 Radiological Society of North America (RSNA) hands-on course in 3D printing Full Text available with Trip Pro

superior sulcus tumor. Furthermore, patient-specific device creation is demonstrated using dedicated computer-aided design software. Relevant anatomy for these tasks is obtained from CT Digital Imaging and Communications in Medicine images, leading to the generation of 3D printable files and delivery of these files to a 3D printer. (...) Preoperative planning and tracheal stent design in thoracic surgery: a primer for the 2017 Radiological Society of North America (RSNA) hands-on course in 3D printing In this work, we provide specific clinical examples to demonstrate basic practical techniques involved in image segmentation, computer-aided design, and 3D printing. A step-by-step approach using United States Food and Drug Administration cleared software is provided to enhance surgical intervention in a patient with a complex

2017 3D Printing in Medicine

158. Horizontal ridge reconstruction of the anterior maxilla using customized allogeneic bone blocks with a minimally invasive technique - a case series. Full Text available with Trip Pro

a 3D printed hardcopy model of the maxilla to prepare customized milled bone blocks, to be adapted on the bone defect areas using a minimally invasive subperiosteal tunneling technique.Cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) images of the atrophic maxilla of six patients were acquired and modified into 3D reconstruction models. Data were transferred to a 3D printer and solid models were fabricated using autoclavable nylon polyamide. Before the surgery, freeze-dried cortico-cancellous blocks were

2017 BMC Oral Health

159. Evaluating the morphology of the left atrial appendage by a transesophageal echocardiographic 3-dimensional printed model. Full Text available with Trip Pro

occlusion, and preprocedure 3D TEE and cardiac computed tomography were enrolled. 3D TEE volumetric data of the LAA were acquired and postprocessed for 3DP. Two types of 3D models of the LAA (ie, hard chamber model and flexible wall model) were printed by a 3D printer. The morphological classification and lobe identification of the LAA were assessed by the 3D chamber model, and LAA dimensions were measured via the 3D wall model. Additionally, a simulation operative rehearsal was performed on the 3D (...) models in cases of challenging LAA morphology for the purpose of understanding the interactions between the device and the model.Three-dimensional TEE volumetric data of the LAA were successfully reprocessed and printed as 3D LAA chamber models and 3D LAA wall models in all patients. The consistency of the morphological classifications of the LAA based on 3D models and cardiac computed tomography was 0.92 (P < .01). The differences between the LAA ostium dimensions and depth measured using the 3D

2017 Medicine

160. Evaluation of Different Techniques for Filling Simulated C-shaped Canals of 3-dimensional Printed Resin Teeth. (Abstract)

Evaluation of Different Techniques for Filling Simulated C-shaped Canals of 3-dimensional Printed Resin Teeth. The purpose of this study was to compare the ability of different root canal filling methods on the C1 root canal anatomy using 3-dimensional (3D) printer technology.Mandibular molars were scanned with cone-beam computed tomographic (CBCT) imaging. A mandibular molar tooth with a C1 root canal configuration was selected according to images obtained from CBCT technology. The root canals (...) were shaped with ProTaper Universal rotary instruments (Dentsply Maillefer, Ballaigues, Switzerland) and hand files. After the root canal shaping procedure, the tooth was scanned with micro-computed tomographic imaging, and 80 replicas of the tooth were produced with a 3D printer. Replicas were assigned into 4 groups (n = 20) and were filled using one of the following techniques: a core carrier system (GuttaCore [GC]; Dentsply Tulsa Dental Specialties, Tulsa, OK), a continuous wave obturation

2017 Journal of Endodontics

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