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81. The Cost of the School Day

and to explore it further with children, young people and staff in schools. 19:00 Learning a t home Although most home learning tasks cost nothing, some children don’t have basic resources required at home. Homework requiring computers, internet access, software and printers means that some children and young people struggle to access the resources needed to complete homework. Practice in lending resources and assumptions around ICT access varies between and within schools. Some children lack calm quiet

2015 Glasgow Centre for Population Health

82. Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease in Women

is committed towards reducing the rates of non-communicable diseases, including those leading to cardiovascular disease, and these Guidelines form an important reference point to all stakeholders. The advent of newer diagnostic and therapeutic strategies has also provided the opportunity to improve prevention of cardiovascular disease, including in women. Techniques such as multislice computed tomography of the coronary arteries and cardiac magnetic resonance imaging provide the clinician greater options

2016 Ministry of Health, Malaysia

83. Summary: Radiofrequency and Health

averaged over time, since transmission is not continuous, but pulsed. Wi-Fi computer networks: Routers serve as base stations for wireless-enabled computers and peripherals (printers, scanners, etc.). Routers seldom exceed 100 mW in power and transmit only 10% of the time or less. Peak power density at 30 cm from a Wi-Fi router is 0.05% of the ICNIRP exposure guideline. Smart meters: These wireless devices collect data on utilities remotely. They have a maximal power of up to 1 W but emit for short (...) of radiation frequencies (Figure 1). Ionizing radiation is comparatively high in energy and can change atoms into “ions” (charged particles) by removing electrons. "Non-ionizing" radiation, including RF, is comparatively lower in energy but can cause molecules to vibrate. RF radiation is emitted from a variety of common wireless communication devices, including cell phones, cordless (DECT) phones, Wi-Fi computer networks, smart meters, and baby monitors. Source: International Telecommunication Union 2

2016 National Collaborating Centre for Environmental Health

85. Open-source micro-tensile testers via additive manufacturing for the mechanical characterization of thin films and papers. (Full text)

the accessibility of scientific research. To investigate the feasibility of open-source hardware, a micro-tensile tester was designed with a freely accessible computer-aided design package and manufactured with a desktop 3D-printer and off-the-shelf components. To our knowledge this is one of the first demonstrations of a tensile tester with additively manufactured components for scientific research. The capabilities of the tensile tester were demonstrated by investigating the mechanical properties of Graphene

2018 PLoS ONE PubMed abstract

86. Accessing microfluidics through feature-based design software for 3D printing. (Full text)

Accessing microfluidics through feature-based design software for 3D printing. Additive manufacturing has been a cornerstone of the product development pipeline for decades, playing an essential role in the creation of both functional and cosmetic prototypes. In recent years, the prospects for distributed and open source manufacturing have grown tremendously. This growth has been enabled by an expanding library of printable materials, low-cost printers, and communities dedicated to platform (...) to enable rapid device fabrication with channel dimensions that take advantage of laminar flow characteristics. The fabrication process outlined here is underpinned by the implementation of custom design software with an integrated slicer program that replaces less intuitive computer aided design and slicer software tools. Devices are designed in the program by assembling parameterized microfluidic building blocks. The fabrication process and flow control within 3D printed devices were demonstrated

2018 PLoS ONE PubMed abstract

87. Clinical Practice Guidelines on Prevention, Diagnosis and Management of Tuberculosis

development group. Inside Back CoverA Prevention, Diagnosis and Management of Tuberculosis CLINICAL PRACTICE GUIDELINES MOH Clinical Practice Guidelines 1/2016 B Published by Ministry of Health, Singapore 16 College Road, College of Medicine Building Singapore 169854 Printed by Kwok Printers Pte Ltd Copyright © 2016 by Ministry of Health, Singapore ISBN 978-981-09-8528-8 Available on the MOH website: http://www.moh.gov.sg/cpg These guidelines are not intended to serve as a standard of medical care (...) well vascularised, even in adulthood. Spinal disease is most frequently located in the lower thoracic and lumbar spine, with thoracic disease being more common in children and adolescents, whereas lumbar disease is found more commonly in adults. Most cases of tuberculous bone and joint disease are isolated to one area, but multifocal disease has also been described. 54 Computed tomographic scans and magnetic resonance imaging of the affected joint or skeletal region should be obtained

2016 Ministry of Health, Singapore

88. Current Science on Consumer Use of Mobile Health for Cardiovascular Disease Prevention

This wireless technology enables communication between Bluetooth-compatible devices. It is used for short-range connections between desktop and laptop computers, a mouse, digital cameras, scanners, cellular phones, and printers. Operating system An operating system, or OS, is software that communicates with the hardware and allows other programs to run. Common mobile OSs include Android, iOS, and Windows Phone. iOS iOS is a mobile OS developed by Apple. It was originally called the iPhone OS (...) testing mobile health (mHealth) interventions. eHealth, or digital health, is the use of emerging communication and information technologies, especially the Internet, to improve health and health care ( ). mHealth, a subsegment of eHealth, is the use of mobile computing and communication technologies (eg, mobile phones, wearable sensors) for health services and information. , mHealth technology uses techniques and advanced concepts from an array of disciplines, for example, computer science

2015 American Heart Association

89. Effectiveness of Stroke Unit Care: A Special Report

Effectiveness of Stroke Unit Care: A Special Report Effectiveness of Stroke Unit Care: A Special Report. October 2014; pp. 1–42 Effectiveness of Stroke Unit Care: A Special Report Health Quality Ontario October 2014 Effectiveness of Stroke Unit Care: A Special Report. October 2014; pp. 1–42 2 Suggested Citation This report should be cited as follows: Health Quality Ontario. Effectiveness of stroke unit care: a special report [Internet]. Toronto: Queen’s Printer for Ontario; 2014 October. 42 p (...) are the components of effective stroke unit care? Age Ageing. 2002 Sep;31(5):365-71. (6) Teasell R, Foley N, Salter K, Bhogal S, Jutai J, Speechley M. Evidence-based review of stroke rehabilitation (14th edition) [Internet]. [place unknown]: Evidence-Based Review of Stroke Rehabilition; [updated 2011; cited 2012 May 16]. Available from: http://www.ebrsr.com/ (7) Review Manager (RevMan) [Computer program]. Version 5.1. Copenhagen: The Nordic Cochrane Centre. 2011. (8) Higgins JPT, Green S, editors. Cochrane

2014 Health Quality Ontario

90. Prophylactic Antibiotics for Individuals With Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease

et al, 2010 (16) No limitations e No limitations b No limitations f No limitations d No limitations Abbreviations: AZM, azithromycin; COPD, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease; RCT, randomized controlled trial. a Adequate randomization and allocation concealment via computer allocation program with a 1:1 ratio and permutated block size of 10, stratified by use of low-dose long-term prednisolone. (15) b Double-blind study, researchers and participants masked until completion of analysis. c (...) Intention-to-treat analysis was conducted on all randomized participants and also per protocol analysis (80% completion in placebo group, 87% in treatment group) for primary outcome. d All pre-specified outcomes are reported. e Adequate randomization and allocation concealment via computer allocation program with a 1:1 ratio and permutated block size of 4. (16) f Primary and secondary analysis conducted using intention-to-treat principle (95% completion in placebo group, 90% in treatment group). (16

2014 Health Quality Ontario

91. The Appropriate Use of Neuroimaging in the Diagnostic Work-Up of Dementia

This report should be cited as follows: Ontario Health Technology Advisory Committee (OHTAC). The appropriate use of neuroimaging in the diagnostic work-up of dementia: OHTAC recommendation [Internet]. Toronto: Queen's Printer for Ontario; 2014 February. 12 p. Available from: http://www.hqontario.ca/evidence/publications-and-ohtac-recommendations/ontario-health- technology-assessment-series/imaging-for-dementia. Permission Requests All inquiries regarding permission to reproduce any content in Health (...) at Health Quality Ontario (HQO) conducted an evidence-based analysis (1) to answer the following research questions: ? What is the prevalence and reversibility of potentially reversible (treatable) causes of dementia? ? What are the indications for a structural imaging investigation for dementia diagnosis? ? What is the clinical utility or adjunctive value of neuroimaging for diagnosis? ? When structural imaging is indicated, which modality should be used (computed tomography [CT] or magnetic resonance

2014 Health Quality Ontario

94. Diagnosis, staging and treatment of patients with Gestational Trophoblastic Disease

of the uterus and uterine artery) or a computed tomography (CT) scan should be performed in order to accurately stage GTN. It is reasonable in the Irish context in the absence of an expert gynecological ultrasound to perform a CT scan of the abdomen and pelvis due to the transferability, reliability and r epr oducibility of CT scans (figur e 4). CT of the chest is not r equir ed if the chest X-ray (CXR) findings ar e nor mal, since discovery of micr ometastases, which may be seen in appr oximately 40 (...) e to assess the cer ebr ospinal fluid to serum hCG ratio. The latter if more than 1:60 suggests occult central nervous system disease (Seckl et al., 2010). In addition, where there is doubt over the clinical diagnosis, tissue should be obtained and genetic analysis undertaken to confir m the gestational origin of the tumour thr ough the presence of paternal genes. Some investigators have recently started using positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET-CT) imaging, but experience

2015 Health Service Executive (Ireland) - Clinical Guidelines

95. Diagnosis, Staging and Treatment of Patients with Gestational Trophoblastic Disease

of the uterus and uterine artery) or a computed tomography (CT) scan should be performed in order to accurately stage GTN. It is reasonable in the Irish context in the absence of an expert gynecological ultrasound to perform a CT scan of the abdomen and pelvis due to the transferability, reliability and r epr oducibility of CT scans (figur e 4). CT of the chest is not r equir ed if the chest X-ray (CXR) findings ar e nor mal, since discovery of micr ometastases, which may be seen in appr oximately 40 (...) e to assess the cer ebr ospinal fluid to serum hCG ratio. The latter if more than 1:60 suggests occult central nervous system disease (Seckl et al., 2010). In addition, where there is doubt over the clinical diagnosis, tissue should be obtained and genetic analysis undertaken to confir m the gestational origin of the tumour thr ough the presence of paternal genes. Some investigators have recently started using positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET-CT) imaging, but experience

2015 National Clinical Guidelines (Ireland)

96. Clinical Handover in Acute and Children’s Hospital Services

associated with avoidance of unnecessary radiologic studies and admissions using a regional health information exchange system (Carr et al. 2012); and reduced costs of investigations and pharmacy per patient following the introduction of daily consultant ward rounds (Ahmad et al. 2015). The cost benefits of using information technology systems to augment communication, including a computer-based patient record (CBPR), (Flanagan et al. 1995) and an electronic document management system (EDMS) (Schmidt et

2015 National Clinical Guidelines (Ireland)

97. Obtaining Informed Consent Using Patient Specific 3D Printing Cerebral Aneurysm Model. (Full text)

undergoing aneurysm clipping surgery. Herein, we describe how these 3D models can be created and the effects of applying them for patient education purpose.Twenty patients with unruptured intracranial aneurysm were randomly divided into two groups. We explained and received informed consent from patients in whom 3D printed models-(group I) or computed tomography angiography-(group II) was used to explain aneurysm clipping surgery. The 3D printed intracranial aneurysm models were created based on time (...) -offlight magnetic resonance angiography using a 3D printer with acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene resin as the model material. After describing the model to the patients, they completed a questionnaire about their understanding and satisfaction with aneurysm clipping surgery.The 3D printed models were successfully made, and they precisely replicated the actual intracranial aneurysm structure of the corresponding patients. The use of the 3D model was associated with a higher understanding and satisfaction

2019 Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society Controlled trial quality: uncertain PubMed abstract

98. A high-fidelity simulator for needle cricothyroidotomy training is not associated with increased proficiency compared with conventional simulators: A randomized controlled study. (Full text)

A high-fidelity simulator for needle cricothyroidotomy training is not associated with increased proficiency compared with conventional simulators: A randomized controlled study. A high-fidelity task simulator for cricothyroidotomy was created using data from a 3-dimensional (3D) computed tomography scan using a 3D printer. We hypothesized that this high-fidelity cricothyroidotomy simulator results in increased proficiency for needle cricothyroidotomy compared with conventional (...) larynx.Fifty-two residents participated in the study (Group C: n = 27, Group 3D: n = 25). There was no significant difference in the success rate or procedure time between the 2 groups (success rate: P = .24, procedure time: P = .34). There was no significant difference in the similarity of the simulators to the porcine larynx (P = .81).We developed a high-fidelity simulator for cricothyroidotomy from 3D computed tomography data using a 3D printer. This anatomically high-fidelity simulator did not have any

2019 Medicine Controlled trial quality: uncertain PubMed abstract

99. Accuracy of 3-dimensional-printed Endodontic Surgical Guide: A Human Cadaver Study. (Abstract)

Accuracy of 3-dimensional-printed Endodontic Surgical Guide: A Human Cadaver Study. Cone-beam computed tomographic (CBCT)-based 3-dimensional-printed surgical guides, such as those used in implant placement and orofacial surgery, allow for accurate planning and performance of surgical procedures. The objective of this study was to evaluate the accuracy of CBCT-designed surgical guides for use during endodontic surgery.A split-mouth design was conducted using 48 roots in a cadaver model (...) . In the experimental group, using information from the preoperative CBCT scans and digital impressions, surgical guides were designed using Blue Sky Bio (Grayslake, IL) planning software and printed using a Form 2 3-dimensional printer (Formlabs, Somerville, MA). The guides were designed to allow for surgical access at 3 mm from the apex of each root with depth control to the lingual or palatal surface of the root. In the control group, surgical access was completed "freehand" by visually approximating

2019 Journal of Endodontics

100. Creation and validation of three-dimensional printed models for basic nasal endoscopic training. (Abstract)

Creation and validation of three-dimensional printed models for basic nasal endoscopic training. Three-dimensional (3D) printed models have been shown to be promising in surgical training in rhinology. The objectives of this study were to develop a set of 3D-printed models including the pediatric and adult nasal cavity, and the postsurgical paranasal sinuses, and to assess the face and content validity in endoscopic training.The computed tomography (CT) data of a pediatric patient without nasal (...) disorders and an adult patient with nasal septal deviation were selected to produce the models of the pediatric and adult nasal cavity, and the CT data of an adult patient who underwent endoscopic sinus surgery 4 months ago was chosen to create the paranasal sinus model. After the models were printed by our desktop-level 3D printer, 5 rhinologists used the 5-point Likert scales to evaluate the fidelity and utility. Additionally, a group of prespecified tasks were completed by the rhinologists and 5

2019 International forum of allergy & rhinology

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