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41. Computer hardware for radiologists: Part 2 (PubMed)

and a data cable. The four most popular "input/output devices" used commonly with computers are the printer, monitor, mouse, and keyboard. The "bus" is a built-in electronic signal pathway in the motherboard to permit efficient and uninterrupted data transfer. A motherboard can have several buses, including the system bus, the PCI express bus, the PCI bus, the AGP bus, and the (outdated) ISA bus. "Ports" are the location at which external devices are connected to a computer motherboard. All commonly used (...) peripheral devices, such as printers, scanners, and portable drives, need ports. A working knowledge of computers is necessary for the radiologist if the workflow is to realize its full potential and, besides, this knowledge will prepare the radiologist for the coming innovations in the 'ever increasing' digital future.

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2010 The Indian journal of radiology & imaging

42. Responsible use of high-risk medical devices: the example of 3D printed medical devices

regulatory implications 5 : ? Printer: this may be a generic multipurpose device or be intended for a narrowly defined purpose. ? The commonly used materials (“ink” equivalents) are metals, plastic, ceramic and glass. ? Software to drive the printer. This may be generic or specific to a particular field. ? Software to design the object to be printed, e.g. Computer Aided Design (CAD). ? Product specification. This is likely to be a set of data that is used by the software to print the desired object. KCE (...) , implant and surgical instrument 11 Figure 3 – 3D printing manufacturing process chart (USA) 14 Figure 4 – 3D printing medical device process chart 14 Figure 5 – process and intervening parties for the 3D design/printing of a model 15 Figure 6 – Pooled estimate of mechanical axis misalignment using the RCT results from Thienpont et al. 16 23 Figure 7 – Pooled estimate of operative time using the RCT results from Thienpont et al. 16 24 Figure 8 – Conformity assessment procedures for 3D printers 46

2018 Belgian Health Care Knowledge Centre

48. SNMMI Procedure Standard for General Imaging 6.0

guidelines. III. DEFINITIONS A. Single Photon Scintillation Cameras provide static, dynamic or gated images of the distribution of radiopharmaceuticals within the body. Single photon emission computed tomographic (SPECT) images may be obtained by three dimensional reconstruction of a number of two dimensional planar images taken at different angles. B. Single Photon Emission Computed Tomography may be combined with Computed Tomography in a single system (SPECT/CT). C. Positron Cameras provide static (...) , dynamic or gated images of the distribution of positron-emitting radionuclides within the body by detecting pairs of photons produced in coincidence by the annihilation of a positron and an electron. Positron emission tomographic (PET) images are produced by reconstruction from the coincidence pair data. D. Positron Emission Tomography is generally combined with Computed Tomography in a single system (PET/CT). E. Nuclear Medicine Computer Systems collect, quantitate, analyze, and display the imaging

2018 Society of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging

50. Updated meta-review of evidence on support for carers

of evidence on support for carers. Health Services and Delivery Research 2017; 5(12) Authors' objectives To update what is known about effective interventions to support carers of ill, disabled or older adults. Authors' conclusions There is no 'one size fits all' intervention to support carers. Potential exists for effective support in specific groups of carers. This includes shared learning, cognitive reframing, meditation and computer-delivered psychosocial support for carers of people with dementia (...) . Address for correspondence HS&DR Programme, National Institute for Health Research, Evaluation, Trials and Studies Coordinating Centre, University of Southampton, Alpha House, Enterprise Road, Southampton, SO16 7NS, UK Tel: +44 23 8059 4304 Email: hsdrinfo@southampton.ac.uk AccessionNumber 32017000190 Date abstract record published 04/04/2017 Health Technology Assessment (HTA) database Copyright © 2019 Queen's Printer and Controller of HMSO Homepage Options Print PubMed record Original research Share

2017 Health Technology Assessment (HTA) Database.

51. PET-NECK: a multicentre randomised Phase III non-inferiority trial comparing a positron emission tomography computerised tomography-guided watch-and-wait policy with planned neck dissection in the management of locally advanced (N2/N3) nodal metastases in

but resulted in considerably fewer NDs, fewer complications and lower costs, supporting its use in routine practice. Final publication URL Indexing Status Subject indexing assigned by CRD MeSH Epithelial Cells; Head and Neck Neoplasms; Humans; Neck Dissection; Positron Emission Tomography Computed Tomography Language Published English Country of organisation England English summary An English language summary is available. Address for correspondence NETSCC, Health Technology Assessment, Alpha House (...) , University of Southampton Science Park, Southampton, SO16 7NS UK Tel: +44 23 8059 5586 Email: hta@hta.ac.uk AccessionNumber 32017000199 Date abstract record published 21/04/2017 Health Technology Assessment (HTA) database Copyright © 2019 Queen's Printer and Controller of HMSO Homepage Options Print PubMed record Original research Share Message for HTA database users

2017 Health Technology Assessment (HTA) Database.

52. The Community IntraVenous Antibiotic Study (CIVAS): a mixed-methods evaluation of patient preferences for and cost-effectiveness of different service models for delivering outpatient parenteral antimicrobial therapy

panel to consider our evidence and make recommendations. Authors' conclusions The quantitative preference analysis and economic modelling favoured a SN model, although there are differences between sociodemographic groups. SA provides cost savings for long-term treatment but is not appropriate for all. Final publication URL Indexing Status Subject indexing assigned by CRD MeSH Administration, Intravenous; Anti-Bacterial Agents; Anti-Infective Agents; Computer Systems; Cost-Benefit Analysis; Humans (...) 24/02/2017 Health Technology Assessment (HTA) database Copyright © 2019 Queen's Printer and Controller of HMSO Homepage Options Print PubMed record Original research Share Message for HTA database users

2017 Health Technology Assessment (HTA) Database.

53. Start2quit: a randomised clinical controlled trial to evaluate the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of using personal tailored risk information and taster sessions to increase the uptake of the NHS Stop Smoking Services

attending the SSSs is low and current figures show a continuing downward trend. This research addressed the problem of how to motivate more smokers to accept help to quit. The objectives were to assess the relative effectiveness, and cost-effectiveness, of an intervention consisting of proactive recruitment by a brief computer-tailored personal risk letter and an invitation to a 'Come and Try it' taster session to provide information about the SSSs, compared with a standard generic letter advertising (...) , SO16 7NS UK Tel: +44 23 8059 5586 Email: hta@hta.ac.uk AccessionNumber 32017000137 Date abstract record published 27/01/2017 Health Technology Assessment (HTA) database Copyright © 2019 Queen's Printer and Controller of HMSO Homepage Options Print PubMed record Original research Share Message for HTA database users

2017 Health Technology Assessment (HTA) Database.

54. Consolidated guidelines on person-centred HIV patient monitoring and case surveillance

by patient records (paper-based or electronic) of care provided during previous visits. Patient management may also be referred to as “clinical management” or “clinical monitoring”. Patient monitoring, also called “patient tracking”, refers to the routine collection, compilation and analysis of data on patients over time and across service delivery points, using information taken from patient records and registers (either paper-based or entered directly into a computer). The primary purpose of patient

2017 World Health Organisation HIV Guidelines

55. Breast Imaging and Intervention

and Computer Assisted Detection (CAD) 11 1.3 Tomosynthesis 11 2. Breast Ultrasound 13 Indications 13 Qualifications and Responsibilities of Personnel 13 Specifications of the Examination 14 Documentation 14 Equipment Specifications 15 Quality Improvement Programs 15 2.1. Elastography 15 2.2. Automated Whole Breast Ultrasound (AWBUS) 16 3. Breast MRI 16 General Principles 16 Indications/Contraindications 16 Qualifications and Responsibilities of Personnel 17 Documentation 18 Equipment Specifications 18 (...) of equipment. The ISS should possess any relevant qualifications required by federal/provincial/territorial regulations and statutes, and should be certified according to a recognized standard such as that of the Society of Imaging Informatics in Medicine or the PACS Administrators Registry and Certification Association. Training and expertise should include computer and database basics, networking concepts (such as DICOM, HL7, RIS and HIS), security systems, medical imaging terminology, positioning

2016 Canadian Association of Radiologists

56. Separation of Craniopagus Twins by a Multidisciplinary Team. (PubMed)

by a multidisciplinary team. Computer-aided design and modeling with a three-dimensional printer, custom-designed cranial distraction and constriction devices, and intraoperative navigation techniques were used. These techniques allowed for separation of the twins at an early age and harnessed the regenerative capacity of their young brains.

2019 NEJM

57. Point-of-care creatinine tests before contrast-enhanced imaging

StatSensor £4,995 Includes docking station, mains power lead, spare battery, network cable and workstation £3.95 Quality-control agent level 1, 4-ml vial (need 4 per year): £9.00 Quality-control agent level 3, 4-ml vial (need 4 per year): £9.00 Service cost after year 1: £800 (optional cost) i-STAT 1 £5,500 Includes handheld analyser, printer kit, downloader/rechargeable battery, electronic simulator and cables £3.75–£4.75 Depends on volume of use Service cost per year (first year free): £850 (optional (...) cost) Quality-control agent unknown i-STAT Alinity £6,500 Includes handheld analyser, printer kit, downloader/rechargeable battery, electronic simulator and cables £3.75–£4.75 Depends on volume of use Service cost per year (first year free): £850 (optional cost) Quality-control agent unknown ABL90 FLEX PLUS £10,000 Includes power cord £1.83 (based on 15 tests per day for 365 days) Quality-control agent unknown Point-of-care creatinine tests before contrast-enhanced imaging (MIB136) © NICE 2018. All

2018 National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence - Advice

58. Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease in Women

is committed towards reducing the rates of non-communicable diseases, including those leading to cardiovascular disease, and these Guidelines form an important reference point to all stakeholders. The advent of newer diagnostic and therapeutic strategies has also provided the opportunity to improve prevention of cardiovascular disease, including in women. Techniques such as multislice computed tomography of the coronary arteries and cardiac magnetic resonance imaging provide the clinician greater options

2016 Ministry of Health, Malaysia

59. Summary: Radiofrequency and Health

averaged over time, since transmission is not continuous, but pulsed. Wi-Fi computer networks: Routers serve as base stations for wireless-enabled computers and peripherals (printers, scanners, etc.). Routers seldom exceed 100 mW in power and transmit only 10% of the time or less. Peak power density at 30 cm from a Wi-Fi router is 0.05% of the ICNIRP exposure guideline. Smart meters: These wireless devices collect data on utilities remotely. They have a maximal power of up to 1 W but emit for short (...) of radiation frequencies (Figure 1). Ionizing radiation is comparatively high in energy and can change atoms into “ions” (charged particles) by removing electrons. "Non-ionizing" radiation, including RF, is comparatively lower in energy but can cause molecules to vibrate. RF radiation is emitted from a variety of common wireless communication devices, including cell phones, cordless (DECT) phones, Wi-Fi computer networks, smart meters, and baby monitors. Source: International Telecommunication Union 2

2016 National Collaborating Centre for Environmental Health

60. Low-cost optical scanner and 3-dimensional printing technology to create lead shielding for radiation therapy of facial skin cancer: First clinical case series (PubMed)

forehead and nose, respectively. Polygon meshes acquired by the optical scanner were compared with meshes generated from high-resolution computed tomography images. Most optical scans contained minor artifacts. Using an algorithm that calculated the distances between the 2 meshes, we found that most of the optical scanner measurements agreed with those from the computed tomography scanner within approximately 1 mm for the geometric phantom and approximately 2 mm for the head phantom. We used (...) this optical scanner along with 3-dimensional printer technology to create custom lead shields for 10 patients receiving orthovoltage treatments of nonmelanoma skin cancers of the face. Patient, tumor, and treatment data were documented.Lead shields created using this approach were accurate, fitting the contours of each patient's face. This process added to patient convenience and addressed potential claustrophobia and medical inability to lie supine.The scanner was found to be clinically acceptable

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2018 Advances in radiation oncology

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