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261. DICOM

DICOM DICOM - Wikipedia DICOM From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Digital Imaging and Communications in Medicine ( DICOM ) is the standard for the communication and management of medical imaging information and related data . DICOM is most commonly used for storing and enabling the integration of medical imaging devices such as scanners, servers, workstations, printers, network hardware, and (PACS) from multiple manufacturers. It has been widely adopted by , and is making inroads into smaller (...) are also partly members of NEMA. It is also known as standard PS3, and as 12052:2017 "Health informatics -- Digital imaging and communication in medicine (DICOM) including workflow and data management". Contents Applications [ ] DICOM is used worldwide to store, exchange, and transmit . DICOM has been central to the development of modern radiological imaging: DICOM incorporates standards for imaging modalities such as radiography, ultrasonography, computed tomography (CT), magnetic resonance (MRI

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2012 Wikipedia

262. Rehabilitation Research and Training Center for Traumatic Brain Injury Interventions--Teen Online Problem Solving Study

. Other Name: TOPS-TO Behavioral: Internet Resources Comparison (IRC) Families in the IRC group will also receive a computer, printer, and high-speed internet access if they do not currently have these. Additionally, IRC families receive access to a home page of brain injury resources and links (identical to those given on the TOPS and TOPS-TO homepage) but will not be able to access specific session content. This will enable us to equate the groups with respect to access to the information (...) access to the TOPS-TO website content via their own password protected site so they will understand the skills that their child is learning. However, only the adolescent, and not the parents, will participate in the synchronous videoconferences with the therapist. Other Name: TOPS-TO Active Comparator: Internet Resources Comparison Web Intervention Behavioral: Internet Resources Comparison (IRC) Families in the IRC group will also receive a computer, printer, and high-speed internet access if they do

2010 Clinical Trials

263. Influence of different registration modalities on navigation accuracy in ear, nose, and throat surgery depending on the surgical field. (PubMed)

models were individually fabricated with a three-dimensional printer based on the patient's computed tomography data sets and fitted with an individual customized silicone skin. Three different registration modalities were examined: 1) invasive marker (IM), 2) oral splint (OS), and 3) laser scan (L). Accuracy measurements were assessed by targeting 26 titanium screws placed over the skull. The overall accuracy and the target registration error for eight selected anatomical locations were

2010 Laryngoscope

264. Patients’ positive identification systems (PubMed)

to reduce such errors. The I-TRAC Plus system by Immucor consists of an identification bracelet which is a bar-coded wristband and a handheld portable computer that identifies patients and blood bags by a scanner and prints the information through a portable printer. The labels attached on the blood order forms and on the sample tubes are read and recorded in the blood bank's informatics system (EmoNet INSIEL). Labels showing the bar-code of the assigned number, which includes the ID number

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2009 Blood Transfusion

265. Slope of the Pressure-Time Waveform Predicts Resistance and Compliance in Mechanically Ventilated Subjects

, a 0.4 second end-inspiratory pause will be set and the following pressures measured: peak pressure; plateau pressure; and PEEP. The following ventilator settings will be recorded: inspiratory flow; expired tidal volume; and rate. The presence or absence of autoPEEP will be noted. During pressure-control ventilation, the flow versus time waveform will be printed from the ventilator using a conventional computer printer for later analysis. The following ventilator settings will be recorded

2008 Clinical Trials

266. Computer-Assisted Treatment of Urinary Tract Infection in Emergency Departments and Community Health Centers

at UCSF urgent care clinic in 2005, and has been successfully integrated into the clinical work flow at this clinic for over 2 years. The computer-based module is housed in a freestanding kiosk with a touch-screen monitor and audio handset to allow patients with low literacy and minimum computer skills to complete the module. A printer in the kiosk provides a summary of the patient's responses to each question in the module, as well as a prescription for the clinic physician to sign and return (...) Computer-Assisted Treatment of Urinary Tract Infection in Emergency Departments and Community Health Centers Computer-Assisted Treatment of Urinary Tract Infection in Emergency Departments and Community Health Centers - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting registration or results information. Search for terms x × Study Record Detail Saved Studies Save this study Warning You have reached the maximum number of saved studies

2008 Clinical Trials

267. Spirometry

, hand-held devices that provide digital readings. These are the cheapest options and will fit into a medical bag but do not provide a graphical display (spirogram) and therefore it may be difficult to judge when an expiration is complete. They also need to be used in combination with predicted charts and a calculator to interpret results. Portable meters with integrated printers. Typically more expensive than (1.) but will provide calculations, spirograms to monitor the blow and a printout including (...) a flow volume loop. Systems designed to work with a computer that will display a graph, make calculations of predicted values and reversibility and provide a printout for records. They also enable tests to be emailed for a second opinion and for electronic storage. Whatever equipment is used, devices should be regularly calibrated, maintained, cleaned and disinfected according to the manufacturer's instructions. Disposable 'one-way' valved mouthpieces reduce the risk of cross infection (but prevent

2008 Mentor

268. Sick Building Syndrome

morale. Causes Internal chemical contaminants: usually air pollutants: Initial emissions from components and fittings of a building - the 'new smell' generally dissipates over a short period but can last years. Volatile organic compounds, including formaldehyde, cleaning products, and manufactured plastic and wood products. Ozone from photocopiers and printers. Carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide and other inorganic oxides given off as combustion products in heating systems. [ ] Small fibres from (...) building syndrome as a part of the autoimmune (auto-inflammatory) syndrome induced by adjuvants. Mod Rheumatol. 2011 Jun21(3):235-9. doi: 10.1007/s10165-010-0380-9. Epub 2010 Dec 29. ; Sick building syndrome in relation to air exchange rate, CO(2), room temperature and relative air humidity in university computer classrooms: an experimental study. Int Arch Occup Environ Health. 2008 Oct82(1):21-30. doi: 10.1007/s00420-008-0301-9. Epub 2008 Feb 2. ; Sick Building Syndrome: is mould the cause? Med Mycol

2008 Mentor

269. History and Physical Examination

patient may be taking co-codamol. The computer will record if medication is overused or underused and the date of last issue. Enquire about over-the-counter (OTC) remedies and possible herbal or other treatments. The latter are just as likely as prescription-only medicines (POMs) to have toxic effects or drug interactions, perhaps more so as they have not been so thoroughly tested. Family history Patients also assume that their family doctor is aware of their family history. Many conditions do have (...) think about the issue. Linking specific lifestyle advice to the current illness is far more effective so pick your issue. [ ] However, be careful not to swamp the patient's agenda with your own. Health promotion may also affect your practice's performance under the Management is more than just a prescription. It includes health education and advice. This is not simply a move away from paternalism but aids compliance and may reduce unnecessary attendance. Twin-tray laser printers enable printed

2008 Mentor

270. Utilization of common inflammatory markers in new, symptomatic, primary care outpatients based on their cost-effectiveness

concluded that the most effective single test, measured by its contribution to UR generation, was CRP. Measure of benefits used in the economic analysis The measure of benefit used was the number of URs gained. This was obtained directly from the effectiveness results. Direct costs Discounting was not relevant because of the short timeframe of the analysis. The total health service costs included related to test reagents, consumables required for the operation of the analysers, computers and printers

2003 NHS Economic Evaluation Database.

271. What is the best imaging strategy for acute stroke?

, Dennis MS, et al. What is the best imaging strategy for acute stroke? Health Technology Assessment 2004; 8(1): 1-192 Authors' objectives - To determine the cost-effectiveness of computed tomographic (CT) scanning after acute stroke. - To assess the contribution of brain imaging to the diagnosis and management of stroke. - To estimate the costs, benefits and risks of different imaging strategies. - To provide data to inform national and local policy on the use of brain imaging in stroke. Authors (...) ; Stroke /diagnosis Language Published English Country of organisation England Address for correspondence NETSCC, Health Technology Assessment, Alpha House, University of Southampton Science Park, Southampton, SO16 7NS UK Tel: +44 23 8059 5586 Email: hta@hta.ac.uk AccessionNumber 32004000091 Date bibliographic record published 05/08/2004 Date abstract record published 05/08/2004 Health Technology Assessment (HTA) database Copyright © 2009 Queen's Printer and Controller of HMSO Homepage Options Print

2004 Health Technology Assessment (HTA) Database.

272. Clinical effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of neonatal screening for inborn errors of metabolism using tandem mass spectrometry: a systematic review

screening programme for PKU and MCAD deficiency combined. New technological approaches for automated processing coupled with the use of computer-assisted software would allow the analysis of hundreds of samples on a daily basis and minimise labour costs. Tandem MS has the potential for simultaneous multidisease screening using a single analytical technique. However, it is difficult to draw firm conclusions on extending the UK neonatal screening programme to all disorders detectable by tandem MS (...) 32004000155 Date bibliographic record published 10/03/2004 Date abstract record published 10/03/2004 Health Technology Assessment (HTA) database Copyright © 2009 Queen's Printer and Controller of HMSO Homepage Options Print PubMed record Original research Share Message for HTA database users

2004 Health Technology Assessment (HTA) Database.

273. Does early magnetic resonance imaging influence management or improve outcome in patients referred to secondary care with low back pain? A pragmatic randomised controlled trial

to secondary care with low back pain? A pragmatic randomised controlled trial. Health Technology Assessment 2004; 8(17): 1-144 Authors' objectives To establish whether the early use of sophisticated imaging techniques such as magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) or computed tomography (CT) influences the clinical management and outcome of patients with low back pain (LBP) and whether it is cost-effective. Authors' conclusions The early use of sophisticated imaging does not appear to affect management overall (...) Queen's Printer and Controller of HMSO Homepage Options Print PubMed record Original research Share Message for HTA database users

2004 Health Technology Assessment (HTA) Database.

274. Systematic review of the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness, and economic evaluation, of myocardial perfusion scintigraphy for the diagnosis and management of angina and myocardial infarction

evaluation, of myocardial perfusion scintigraphy for the diagnosis and management of angina and myocardial infarction. Health Technology Assessment 2004; 8(30): 1-222 Authors' objectives To assess the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) myocardial perfusion scintigraphy for the diagnosis and management of angina and myocardial infarction (MI). Authors' conclusions There was a considerable variability in terms of measurement of outcomes, management (...) the results presented in the cost-effectiveness analysis. Project page URL INAHTA brief and checklist Indexing Status Subject indexing assigned by CRD MeSH Angina Pectoris /diagnosis; Myocardial Infarction /diagnosis; Tomography, Emission-Computed, Single-Photon Language Published English Country of organisation England Address for correspondence NETSCC, Health Technology Assessment, Alpha House, University of Southampton Science Park, Southampton, SO16 7NS UK Tel: +44 23 8059 5586 Email: hta@hta.ac.uk

2004 Health Technology Assessment (HTA) Database.

275. Cervical screening programmes: can automation help? Evidence from systematic reviews, an economic analysis and a simulation modelling exercise applied to the UK

for the AutoPap GS System. Project page URL INAHTA brief and checklist Indexing Status Subject indexing assigned by CRD MeSH Costs and Cost Analysis; Diagnosis, Computer-Assisted; Mass Screening; Uterine Cervical Neoplasms; Vaginal Smears Language Published English Country of organisation England Address for correspondence NETSCC, Health Technology Assessment, Alpha House, University of Southampton Science Park, Southampton, SO16 7NS UK Tel: +44 23 8059 5586 Email: hta@hta.ac.uk AccessionNumber 32005000187 (...) Date bibliographic record published 06/04/2005 Date abstract record published 06/04/2005 Health Technology Assessment (HTA) database Copyright © 2009 Queen's Printer and Controller of HMSO Homepage Options Print PubMed record Original research Share Message for HTA database users

2005 Health Technology Assessment (HTA) Database.

276. Improving the referral process for familial breast cancer genetic counselling: findings of three randomised controlled trials of two interventions

Authors' objectives The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of two complementary interventions, using familial breast cancer as a model condition. The primary care intervention consisted of providing computerised referral guidelines and related education to GPs. The nurse counsellor intervention evaluated genetic nurses as substitutes for specialist geneticists in the initial assessment and management of referred patients. Authors' conclusions Computer-based (...) systems in the primary care intervention cannot be recommended for widespread use without further evaluation and testing in real practice settings. Genetic nurse counsellors may be a cost-effective alternative to assessment by doctors. This trial does not provide definitive evidence that the general policy of employing genetics nurse counsellors is sound, as it was based on only three individuals. Future evaluations of computer-based decision support systems for primary care must first address

2005 Health Technology Assessment (HTA) Database.

277. Computerised cognitive behaviour therapy for depression and anxiety update: a systematic review and economic evaluation

the Internet. Independent research is needed, particularly RCTs, that examine areas such as patient preference and therapist involvement within primary care. Project page URL URL for DARE abstract Indexing Status Subject indexing assigned by CRD MeSH Anxiety Disorders /therapy; Cognitive Therapy /methods /economics; Cost-Benefit Analysis; Costs and Cost Analysis; Depressive Disorder /therapy; Therapy, Computer-Assisted /economics /methods Language Published English Country of organisation England Address (...) for correspondence NETSCC, Health Technology Assessment, Alpha House, University of Southampton Science Park, Southampton, SO16 7NS UK Tel: +44 23 8059 5586 Email: hta@hta.ac.uk AccessionNumber 32006001015 Date bibliographic record published 18/10/2006 Date abstract record published 18/10/2006 Health Technology Assessment (HTA) database Copyright © 2009 Queen's Printer and Controller of HMSO Homepage Options Print PubMed record Original research Share Message for HTA database users

2006 Health Technology Assessment (HTA) Database.

278. Accurate, practical and cost-effective assessment of carotid stenosis in the UK

), magnetic resonance angiography (MRA), computed tomographic angiography (CTA) and contrast-enhanced MRA (CEMRA)], alone or combined, could replace intra-arterial angiography (IAA), what effect this would have on strokes and deaths, endarterectomies performed and costs, and whether less invasive tests were cost-effective. Authors' conclusions In the UK, less invasive tests can be used in place of IAA if radiologists trained in carotid imaging are available. Imaging should be carefully audited. Stroke (...) bibliographic record published 09/10/2006 Date abstract record published 09/10/2006 Health Technology Assessment (HTA) database Copyright © 2009 Queen's Printer and Controller of HMSO Homepage Options Print PubMed record Original research Share Message for HTA database users

2006 Health Technology Assessment (HTA) Database.

279. Systematic reviews of clinical decision tools for acute abdominal pain

-specific paper or computer-based structured checklists is promising as a way to improve impact on patient outcomes, subject to further research. Project page URL INAHTA brief and checklist Indexing Status Subject indexing assigned by CRD MeSH Abdominal Pain; Decision Making; Decision Support Systems, Clinical; Decision Support Techniques Language Published English Country of organisation England Address for correspondence NETSCC, Health Technology Assessment, Alpha House, University of Southampton (...) Science Park, Southampton, SO16 7NS UK Tel: +44 23 8059 5586 Email: hta@hta.ac.uk AccessionNumber 32006001553 Date bibliographic record published 29/11/2006 Date abstract record published 29/11/2006 Health Technology Assessment (HTA) database Copyright © 2009 Queen's Printer and Controller of HMSO Homepage Options Print PubMed record Original research Share Message for HTA database users

2006 Health Technology Assessment (HTA) Database.

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