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41. Anonymization for outputs of population health and health services research conducted via an online data center. (PubMed)

Anonymization for outputs of population health and health services research conducted via an online data center. Online data centers (ODCs) are becoming increasingly popular for making health-related data available for research. Such centers provide good privacy protection during analysis by trusted researchers, but privacy concerns may still remain if the system outputs are not sufficiently anonymized. In this article, we propose a method for anonymizing analysis outputs from ODCs (...) for publication in academic literature.We use as a model system the Secure Unified Research Environment, an online computing system that allows researchers to access and analyze linked health-related data for approved studies in Australia. This model system suggests realistic assumptions for an ODC that, together with literature and practice reviews, inform our solution design.We propose a two-step approach to anonymizing analysis outputs from an ODC. A data preparation stage requires data custodians to apply

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2016 Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association

42. Assessing the Epidemiological Data and Management Methods of Body Packers Admitted to a Referral Center in Iran. (PubMed)

Assessing the Epidemiological Data and Management Methods of Body Packers Admitted to a Referral Center in Iran. The incidence of smuggling and transporting illegal substances by internal concealment, also known as body packing, is on the rise. The clinical approach to such patients has been changed significantly over the past 2 decades. However, despite a recorded increase in body packing in general, there are controversies in the management of these patients. We aimed to gather data regarding (...) the demographic characteristics, treatment, and outcome of body packers, which were that referred to Loghman Hakim Hospital, Tehran, Iran.The data of all body packers admitted to Loghman Hakim Hospital during 2010 to 2014 were evaluated retrospectively. Data regarding the demographic characteristics of the patients, findings of clinical imaging, treatment, and outcome were recorded.In this study, 175 individuals with a mean age of 31 ± 10 years were assessed. The most common concealed substances were crack

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2016 Medicine

43. Principles of metadata organization at the ENCODE data coordination center (PubMed)

Principles of metadata organization at the ENCODE data coordination center The Encyclopedia of DNA Elements (ENCODE) Data Coordinating Center (DCC) is responsible for organizing, describing and providing access to the diverse data generated by the ENCODE project. The description of these data, known as metadata, includes the biological sample used as input, the protocols and assays performed on these samples, the data files generated from the results and the computational methods used (...) to analyze the data. Here, we outline the principles and philosophy used to define the ENCODE metadata in order to create a metadata standard that can be applied to diverse assays and multiple genomic projects. In addition, we present how the data are validated and used by the ENCODE DCC in creating the ENCODE Portal (https://www.encodeproject.org/). Database URL: www.encodeproject.org.© The Author(s) 2016. Published by Oxford University Press.

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2016 Database: The Journal of Biological Databases and Curation

44. On implementation of DCTCP on three-tier and fat-tree data center network topologies (PubMed)

On implementation of DCTCP on three-tier and fat-tree data center network topologies A data center is a facility for housing computational and storage systems interconnected through a communication network called data center network (DCN). Due to a tremendous growth in the computational power, storage capacity and the number of inter-connected servers, the DCN faces challenges concerning efficiency, reliability and scalability. Although transmission control protocol (TCP) is a time-tested (...) transport protocol in the Internet, DCN challenges such as inadequate buffer space in switches and bandwidth limitations have prompted the researchers to propose techniques to improve TCP performance or design new transport protocols for DCN. Data center TCP (DCTCP) emerge as one of the most promising solutions in this domain which employs the explicit congestion notification feature of TCP to enhance the TCP congestion control algorithm. While DCTCP has been analyzed for two-tier tree-based DCN

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2016 SpringerPlus

45. A computational method for genotype calling in family-based sequencing data (PubMed)

A computational method for genotype calling in family-based sequencing data As sequencing technologies can help researchers detect common and rare variants across the human genome in many individuals, it is known that jointly calling genotypes across multiple individuals based on linkage disequilibrium (LD) can facilitate the analysis of low to modest coverage sequence data. However, genotype-calling methods for family-based sequence data, particularly for complex families beyond parent (...) -offspring trios, are still lacking.In this study, first, we proposed an algorithm that considers both linkage disequilibrium (LD) patterns and familial transmission in nuclear and multi-generational families while retaining the computational efficiency. Second, we extended our method to incorporate external reference panels to analyze family-based sequence data with a small sample size. In simulation studies, we show that modeling multiple offspring can dramatically increase genotype calling accuracy

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2016 BMC bioinformatics

46. A collection of non-human primate computed tomography scans housed in MorphoSource, a repository for 3D data (PubMed)

A collection of non-human primate computed tomography scans housed in MorphoSource, a repository for 3D data A dataset of high-resolution microCT scans of primate skulls (crania and mandibles) and certain postcranial elements was collected to address questions about primate skull morphology. The sample consists of 489 scans taken from 431 specimens, representing 59 species of most Primate families. These data have transformative reuse potential as such datasets are necessary for conducting high (...) power research into primate evolution, but require significant time and funding to collect. Similar datasets were previously only available to select research groups across the world. The physical specimens are vouchered at Harvard's Museum of Comparative Zoology. The data collection took place at the Center for Nanoscale Systems at Harvard. The dataset is archived on MorphoSource.org. Though this is the largest high fidelity comparative dataset yet available, its provisioning on a web archive

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2016 Scientific data

47. Near-Real-Time Surveillance of Illnesses Related to Shellfish Consumption in British Columbia: Analysis of Poison Center Data (PubMed)

Near-Real-Time Surveillance of Illnesses Related to Shellfish Consumption in British Columbia: Analysis of Poison Center Data Data from poison centers have the potential to be valuable for public health surveillance of long-term trends, short-term aberrations from those trends, and poisonings occurring in near-real-time. This information can enable long-term prevention via programs and policies and short-term control via immediate public health response. Over the past decade, there has been (...) to consumption of shellfish (ASIRCS).Every hour, a connection is opened between the WBM software Visual Dotlab Enterprise, which holds the DPIC database, and the R statistical computing environment. This platform is used to extract, clean, and merge all necessary raw data tables into a single data file. ASIRCS automatically and retrospectively scans a 24-hour window within the data file for new cases related to illnesses from shellfish consumption. Detected cases are queried using a list of attributes

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2018 JMIR public health and surveillance

48. Guidelines for Family-Centered Care in the Neonatal, Pediatric, and Adult ICU

Guidelines for Family-Centered Care in the Neonatal, Pediatric, and Adult ICU Guidelines for Family-Centered Care in the Neonatal, Pediatr... : Critical Care Medicine You may be trying to access this site from a secured browser on the server. Please enable scripts and reload this page. Login No user account? Lippincott Journals Subscribers , use your username or email along with your password to log in. Remember me on this computer Register for a free account Registered users can save articles (...) ( ). There are no randomized trials addressing the effect of open or flexible family presence on family -centered outcomes. Data from existing observational studies addressed family satisfaction with variable ICU accessibility. One study examined open versus restricted family presence and demonstrated no differences in information or comfort for the families ( ). Another study exposed families to open family presence with one group also receiving an information booklet ( ). When comparing unrestricted with open family

2017 Society of Critical Care Medicine

49. Surgical Perspective: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Guideline for the Prevention of Surgical Site Infection 2017

Surgical Perspective: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Guideline for the Prevention of Surgical Site Infection 2017 Surgical Perspective: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Guideline for the Prevention of Surgical Site Infection 2017 | Surgical Infections Report broken link
  • 50. Cone-Beam Computed Tomography (CBCT) Is Not Indicated as a Routine Replacement or Adjunct to Intraoral Full-Mouth Series Radiographs in the Diagnosis and Management of Periodontitis

    Cone-Beam Computed Tomography (CBCT) Is Not Indicated as a Routine Replacement or Adjunct to Intraoral Full-Mouth Series Radiographs in the Diagnosis and Management of Periodontitis UTCAT3274, Found CAT view, CRITICALLY APPRAISED TOPICs University: | | ORAL HEALTH EVIDENCE-BASED PRACTICE PROGRAM View the CAT / Title Cone-Beam Computed Tomography (CBCT) Is Not Indicated as a Routine Replacement or Adjunct to Intraoral Full-Mouth Series Radiographs in the Diagnosis and Management of Periodontitis (...) "[All Fields] AND "diseases"[All Fields]) OR "periodontal diseases"[All Fields] OR ("periodontal"[All Fields] AND "disease"[All Fields]) OR "periodontal disease"[All Fields]) AND ("cone-beam computed tomography"[MeSH Terms] OR ("cone-beam"[All Fields] AND "computed"[All Fields] AND "tomography"[All Fields]) OR "cone-beam computed tomography"[All Fields] OR ("cone"[All Fields] AND "beam"[All Fields] AND "computed"[All Fields] AND "tomography"[All Fields]) OR "cone beam computed tomography"[All Fields

    2017 UTHSCSA Dental School CAT Library

    51. Energy-Aware Computation Offloading of IoT Sensors in Cloudlet-Based Mobile Edge Computing (PubMed)

    Energy-Aware Computation Offloading of IoT Sensors in Cloudlet-Based Mobile Edge Computing Mobile edge computing is proposed as a promising computing paradigm to relieve the excessive burden of data centers and mobile networks, which is induced by the rapid growth of Internet of Things (IoT). This work introduces the cloud-assisted multi-cloudlet framework to provision scalable services in cloudlet-based mobile edge computing. Due to the constrained computation resources of cloudlets (...) and limited communication resources of wireless access points (APs), IoT sensors with identical computation offloading decisions interact with each other. To optimize the processing delay and energy consumption of computation tasks, theoretic analysis of the computation offloading decision problem of IoT sensors is presented in this paper. In more detail, the computation offloading decision problem of IoT sensors is formulated as a computation offloading game and the condition of Nash equilibrium

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    2018 Sensors (Basel, Switzerland)

    52. Computer often fails to diagnose atrial fibrillation in ventricular paced rhythm, and that can be catastrophic

    Computer often fails to diagnose atrial fibrillation in ventricular paced rhythm, and that can be catastrophic Dr. Smith's ECG Blog: Computer often fails to diagnose atrial fibrillation in ventricular paced rhythm, and that can be catastrophic Thursday, February 21, 2019 Case 1. An elderly patient presented with a massive hemiplegic ischemic stroke of 24 hours duration. CT stroke series showed a middle cerebral artery thrombus. He had an ECG recorded: Case 1, ECG 1: Computer: "Electronic Atrial (...) Pacemaker. Electronic Ventricular Pacemaker" No other interpretation. What do you think? Answer : There is no atrial pacing spike. This is atrial fibrillation (not diagnosed by the computer) but with a regular ventricular rhythm because the ventricle is regularly paced by an artificial pacemaker (ventricular paced rhythm, VPR) . This may easily deceive both the computer and the overreading physician because one of the primary means of identifying atrial fibrillation is by an irregularly irregular heart

    2019 Dr Smith's ECG Blog

    53. A Patient with Respiratory Failure and a Computer "Normal" ECG

    A Patient with Respiratory Failure and a Computer "Normal" ECG Dr. Smith's ECG Blog: A Patient with Respiratory Failure and a Computer "Normal" ECG Monday, March 11, 2019 This ECG was presented in a conference. The patient had presented many times for SOB. On this occasion he was intubated for respiratory failure due to presumed asthma. I was asked to interpret his ECG in the conference. I had never seen it before. ECG-1: What do you think I said? Here is the computer interpretation (...) . Here is data from a study we published in 2014 for type II NonSTEMI: Sandoval Y. Nelson SE. Smith SW . Schulz KM. Murakami M. Pearce LA. Apple FS. Cardiac Troponin Changes to Distinguish Type 1 and Type 2 Myocardial Infarction and 180-Day Mortality Risk. Acute Cardiovascular Care 2014;3(4):317-325. Here is a figure from that study: Notice that the 6 hour value (far right) is very low for type 2 MI. Cases like this lead me to wonder if troponin should be a vital sign. See this case: After admission

    2019 Dr Smith's ECG Blog

    54. 2018 EHRA Expert Consensus Statement on Lead Extraction: Recommendations on Definitions, Endpoints, Research Trial Design, and Data Collection Requirements for Clinical Scientific Studies and Registries: Endorsed by APHRS/HRS/LAHRS

    2018 EHRA Expert Consensus Statement on Lead Extraction: Recommendations on Definitions, Endpoints, Research Trial Design, and Data Collection Requirements for Clinical Scientific Studies and Registries: Endorsed by APHRS/HRS/LAHRS 2018EHRAexpertconsensusstatementon leadextraction:recommendationson definitions,endpoints,researchtrialdesign, anddatacollectionrequirementsforclinical scientificstudiesandregistries:endorsed byAPHRS/HRS/LAHRS MariaG.Bongiorni(Chair) 1 *,HaranBurri(Co-chair) 2 (...) ,andClaudiodeZuloaga 27 1 Department of Cardiology, University Hospital of Pisa, Pisa, Italy; 2 Department of Cardiology, University Hospital of Geneva, Geneva, Switzerland; 3 Department of Cardiology, CHU la Timone, Marseilles, France; 4 Department of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Surgery, German Heart Institute Berlin, Berlin, Germany; 5 Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Gothenburg, Sweden; 6 Electrophysiology Division, 2nd Department of Medicine and Cardiology Center

    2018 Heart Rhythm Society

    55. Introduction to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and Healthcare Infection Control Practices Advisory Committee Guideline for Prevention of Surgical Site Infection: Prosthetic Joint Arthroplasty Section

    Introduction to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and Healthcare Infection Control Practices Advisory Committee Guideline for Prevention of Surgical Site Infection: Prosthetic Joint Arthroplasty Section Introduction to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and Healthcare Infection Control Practices Advisory Committee Guideline for Prevention of Surgical Site Infection: Prosthetic Joint Arthroplasty Section | Surgical Infections