How to Trip Rapid Review

Step 1: Select articles relevant to your search (remember the system is only optimised for single intervention studies)

Step 2: press

Step 3: review the result, and maybe amend the or if you know better! If we're unsure of the overall sentiment of the trial we will display the conclusion under the article title. We then require you to tell us what the correct sentiment is.

1,454 results for

Computer Hardware

by
...
Latest & greatest
Alerts

Export results

Use check boxes to select individual results below

SmartSearch available

Trip's SmartSearch engine has discovered connected searches & results. Click to show

1. Combined hardware and computational optical wavefront correction (PubMed)

Combined hardware and computational optical wavefront correction In many optical imaging applications, it is necessary to overcome aberrations to obtain high-resolution images. Aberration correction can be performed by either physically modifying the optical wavefront using hardware components, or by modifying the wavefront during image reconstruction using computational imaging. Here we address a longstanding issue in computational imaging: photons that are not collected cannot be corrected (...) . This severely restricts the applications of computational wavefront correction. Additionally, performance limitations of hardware wavefront correction leave many aberrations uncorrected. We combine hardware and computational correction to address the shortcomings of each method. Coherent optical backscattering data is collected using high-speed optical coherence tomography, with aberrations corrected at the time of acquisition using a wavefront sensor and deformable mirror to maximize photon collection

Full Text available with Trip Pro

2018 Biomedical optics express

2. Image quality of cone beam computed tomography for evaluation of extremity fractures in the presence of metal hardware: visual grading characteristics analysis (PubMed)

Image quality of cone beam computed tomography for evaluation of extremity fractures in the presence of metal hardware: visual grading characteristics analysis To evaluate image quality and interobserver reliability of a novel cone-beam CT (CBCT) scanner in comparison with plain radiography for assessment of fracture healing in the presence of metal hardware.In this prospective institutional review board-approved Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996-complaint study (...) , written informed consent was obtained from 27 patients (10 females and 17 males; mean age 44 years, age range 21-83 years) with either upper or lower extremity fractures, and with metal hardware, who underwent CBCT scans and had a clinical radiograph of the affected part. Images were assessed by two independent observers for quality and interobserver reliability for seven visualization tasks. Visual grading characteristic (VGC) curve analysis determined the differences in image quality between CBCT

Full Text available with Trip Pro

2017 The British journal of radiology

3. The Detection of Prominent Hardware in Volar Locked Plating of Distal Radius Fractures: Intraoperative Fluoroscopy Versus Computed Tomography. (PubMed)

The Detection of Prominent Hardware in Volar Locked Plating of Distal Radius Fractures: Intraoperative Fluoroscopy Versus Computed Tomography. To assess the utility of the dorsal tangential view (DTV) in detecting intraoperative dorsal screw penetration in distal radius fractures treated with volar locked plating.Retrospective cohort study.Academic level 1 trauma center.Skeletally mature patients where open reduction internal fixation with volar locked plating was the definitive treatment (...) . A total of twenty-six patients were evaluated.Intraoperative anteroposterior, lateral, 20 degree tilted lateral, and DTVs were obtained through fluoroscopy in all wrists. Screw exchange and position by fluoroscopic view was recorded. A computed tomography (CT) was taken postoperatively to identify residual prominent screws.Data points included frequency of screw exchange by standard fluoroscopic views, the DTV, and residual prominent screws detected by CT.Eight constructs of thirty (27%) had prominent

2016 Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma

4. Computer Hardware

Computer Hardware Computer Hardware Toggle navigation Brain Head & Neck Chest Endocrine Abdomen Musculoskeletal Skin Infectious Disease Hematology & Oncology Cohorts Diagnostics Emergency Findings Procedures Prevention & Management Pharmacy Resuscitation Trauma Emergency Procedures Ultrasound Cardiovascular Emergencies Lung Emergencies Infectious Disease Pediatrics Neurologic Emergencies Skin Exposure Miscellaneous Abuse Cancer Administration 4 Computer Hardware Computer Hardware Aka: Computer (...) Hardware , Computer Motherboard , Computer BIOS , Computer CPU , Computer Memory , Computer Power Supply From Related Chapters II. Parts: Motherboard (system board, logic boards) Background Printed circuit board (PCB) typically made of fiberglass Embedded copper to transmit signals (via bus) between components To/From CPU, memory and I/O via control bus, address bus and data bus Slots for CPUs, Chipsets (north and south), CMOS/battery, power, memory, PCI expansion, output Often sold without processor

2018 FP Notebook

5. Computer Hardware

Computer Hardware Computer Hardware Toggle navigation Brain Head & Neck Chest Endocrine Abdomen Musculoskeletal Skin Infectious Disease Hematology & Oncology Cohorts Diagnostics Emergency Findings Procedures Prevention & Management Pharmacy Resuscitation Trauma Emergency Procedures Ultrasound Cardiovascular Emergencies Lung Emergencies Infectious Disease Pediatrics Neurologic Emergencies Skin Exposure Miscellaneous Abuse Cancer Administration 4 Computer Hardware Computer Hardware Aka: Computer (...) Hardware , Computer Motherboard , Computer BIOS , Computer CPU , Computer Memory , Computer Power Supply From Related Chapters II. Parts: Motherboard (system board, logic boards) Background Printed circuit board (PCB) typically made of fiberglass Embedded copper to transmit signals (via bus) between components To/From CPU, memory and I/O via control bus, address bus and data bus Slots for CPUs, Chipsets (north and south), CMOS/battery, power, memory, PCI expansion, output Often sold without processor

2017 FP Notebook

6. Compact FPGA hardware architecture for public key encryption in embedded devices. (PubMed)

Compact FPGA hardware architecture for public key encryption in embedded devices. Security is a crucial requirement in the envisioned applications of the Internet of Things (IoT), where most of the underlying computing platforms are embedded systems with reduced computing capabilities and energy constraints. In this paper we present the design and evaluation of a scalable low-area FPGA hardware architecture that serves as a building block to accelerate the costly operations of exponentiation

Full Text available with Trip Pro

2018 PLoS ONE

7. Gathering for Open Science Hardware 2017: building a movement

Research Analysis & Scientific Policy Post navigation in Uncategorized Source: AddThis Sharing Buttons above Source: This post was collaboratively authored by Andre Maia Chagas, Max Liboiron, Jenny Molloy, Juan Manuel Garcia Arcos and Jeffrey Warren. Andre Maia Chagas is Channel Editor of the . Without hardware, there is no science. Instruments, reagents, computers, and lab equipment are the platforms for producing systematic knowledge. Innovations from lenses to atomic force microscopes to DNA (...) Gathering for Open Science Hardware 2017: building a movement Gathering for Open Science Hardware 2017: building a movement | PLOS Blogs Network PLOS Blogs Staff Blogs Blogs by Topic Biology & Life Sciences Earth & Environmental Sciences Multi-disciplinary Sciences Medicine & Health Research Analysis & Scientific Policy Diverse perspectives on science and medicine Staff Blogs Blogs by Topic Biology & Life Sciences Earth & Environmental Sciences Multi-disciplinary Sciences Medicine & Health

2017 PLOS Blogs Network

8. Gathering for Open Science Hardware 2017: building a movement

Research Analysis & Scientific Policy Post navigation in Uncategorized Source: This post was collaboratively authored by Andre Maia Chagas, Max Liboiron, Jenny Molloy, Juan Manuel Garcia Arcos and Jeffrey Warren. Andre Maia Chagas is Channel Editor of the . Without hardware, there is no science. Instruments, reagents, computers, and lab equipment are the platforms for producing systematic knowledge. Innovations from lenses to atomic force microscopes to DNA sequencers to particle accelerators have (...) Gathering for Open Science Hardware 2017: building a movement Gathering for Open Science Hardware 2017: building a movement | PLOS Blogs Network PLOS Blogs Staff Blogs Blogs by Topic Biology & Life Sciences Earth & Environmental Sciences Multi-disciplinary Sciences Medicine & Health Research Analysis & Scientific Policy Diverse perspectives on science and medicine Staff Blogs Blogs by Topic Biology & Life Sciences Earth & Environmental Sciences Multi-disciplinary Sciences Medicine & Health

2017 PLOS Blogs Network

9. Performance Comparison of the Digital Neuromorphic Hardware SpiNNaker and the Neural Network Simulation Software NEST for a Full-Scale Cortical Microcircuit Model (PubMed)

Performance Comparison of the Digital Neuromorphic Hardware SpiNNaker and the Neural Network Simulation Software NEST for a Full-Scale Cortical Microcircuit Model The digital neuromorphic hardware SpiNNaker has been developed with the aim of enabling large-scale neural network simulations in real time and with low power consumption. Real-time performance is achieved with 1 ms integration time steps, and thus applies to neural networks for which faster time scales of the dynamics can (...) the usability of SpiNNaker for computational neuroscience applications with biological time scales and large network size. The runtime and power consumption are also assessed for both simulators on the example of the cortical microcircuit model. To obtain an accuracy similar to that of NEST with 0.1 ms time steps, SpiNNaker requires a slowdown factor of around 20 compared to real time. The runtime for NEST saturates around 3 times real time using hybrid parallelization with MPI and multi-threading. However

Full Text available with Trip Pro

2018 Frontiers in neuroscience

10. Touching proteins with virtual bare hands: Visualizing protein–drug complexes and their dynamics in self-made virtual reality using gaming hardware (PubMed)

Touching proteins with virtual bare hands: Visualizing protein–drug complexes and their dynamics in self-made virtual reality using gaming hardware The ability to precisely visualize the atomic geometry of the interactions between a drug and its protein target in structural models is critical in predicting the correct modifications in previously identified inhibitors to create more effective next generation drugs. It is currently common practice among medicinal chemists while attempting (...) structures through VR. New consumer hardware, such as the HTC VIVE and the OCULUS RIFT utilized in this study, are available at reasonable prices. As an instructive example, we have combined VR visualization with fast algorithms for simulating intramolecular motions of protein flexibility, in an effort to further improve structure-led drug design by exposing molecular interactions that might be hidden in the less informative static models. This is a paradigmatic test case scenario for many similar

Full Text available with Trip Pro

2018 Journal of computer-aided molecular design

11. A Digital Hardware Realization for Spiking Model of Cutaneous Mechanoreceptor (PubMed)

on FPGA indicate that the digital mechanoreceptors are able to replicate essential characteristics of different firing patterns including bursting and spiking responses of the SA-I and FA-I mechanoreceptors. In addition to parallel computation, a main advantage of this method is that the mechanoreceptor digital circuits can be implemented in real-time through low-power neuromorphic hardware. This novel engineering framework is generally suitable for use in robotic and hand-prosthetic applications, so (...) A Digital Hardware Realization for Spiking Model of Cutaneous Mechanoreceptor Inspired by the biology of human tactile perception, a hardware neuromorphic approach is proposed for spiking model of mechanoreceptors to encode the input force. In this way, a digital circuit is designed for a slowly adapting type I (SA-I) and fast adapting type I (FA-I) mechanoreceptors to be implemented on a low-cost digital hardware, such as field-programmable gate array (FPGA). This system computationally

Full Text available with Trip Pro

2018 Frontiers in neuroscience

12. Simultaneous Emission-Transmission Tomography in an MRI Hardware Framework (PubMed)

Simultaneous Emission-Transmission Tomography in an MRI Hardware Framework Multi-modality imaging is essential for diagnosis and therapy in challenging cases. A Holy Grail of medical imaging is a hybrid imaging system combining computed tomography (CT), nuclear imaging, and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to deliver registered morphological, functional, and cellular/molecular information simultaneously and quantitatively for precision medicine. Recently, a unique imaging approach

Full Text available with Trip Pro

2018 IEEE transactions on radiation and plasma medical sciences

13. SoEasy: A Software Framework for Easy Hardware Control Programming for Diverse IoT Platforms (PubMed)

SoEasy: A Software Framework for Easy Hardware Control Programming for Diverse IoT Platforms Many Internet of Things (IoT) applications are emerging and evolving rapidly thanks to widespread open-source hardware platforms. Most of the high-end open-source IoT platforms include built-in peripherals, such as the universal asynchronous receiver and transmitter (UART), pulse width modulation (PWM), general purpose input output (GPIO) ports and timers, and have enough computation power to run

Full Text available with Trip Pro

2018 Sensors (Basel, Switzerland)

14. An Improved Electronic Image Motion Compensation (IMC) Method of Aerial Full-Frame-Type Area Array CCD Camera Based on the CCD Multiphase Structure and Hardware Implementation (PubMed)

An Improved Electronic Image Motion Compensation (IMC) Method of Aerial Full-Frame-Type Area Array CCD Camera Based on the CCD Multiphase Structure and Hardware Implementation In this paper, the performance of the electronic conventional image motion compensation (IMC) method based on the time delay integration (TDI) mode was analyzed using the optical injection formula of charge coupled devices (CCDs). The result shows that the non-synchronous effect of charge packet transfer caused by line (...) of the improved electronic IMC method was also analyzed using the optical injection formula. The modulation degrees of the two methods were compared. The average value of the modulation degree of the improved electronic IMC method was 47/96, greater than the conventional electronic IMC method, which was 1/3. To achieve the improved electronic IMC, the driver timing diagram of the improved electronic IMC method was proposed. This paper presented an improved hardware implementation method for the improved

Full Text available with Trip Pro

2018 Sensors (Basel, Switzerland)

15. On the Performance of Cognitive Satellite-Terrestrial Relay Networks with Channel Estimation Error and Hardware Impairments (PubMed)

On the Performance of Cognitive Satellite-Terrestrial Relay Networks with Channel Estimation Error and Hardware Impairments This paper investigates the joint impact of channel estimation errors (CEEs) and hardware impairments (HIs) on the performance of a cognitive satellite-terrestrial relay network (CSTRN), where the terrestrial and satellite links are considered following Rayleigh fading and shadowed Rician (SR) fading distributions, respectively. Besides, the terrestrial relay is working (...) and throughput at the high signal-to-noise-ratio (SNR) condition and quantitatively determine the fundamental performance ceiling. Finally, Monte Carlo (MC) computer simulations are provided to verify the correctness of the analytical results. Besides, with representative numerical analysis's help, interesting findings are presented.

Full Text available with Trip Pro

2018 Sensors (Basel, Switzerland)

16. On Practical Issues for Stochastic STDP Hardware With 1-bit Synaptic Weights (PubMed)

On Practical Issues for Stochastic STDP Hardware With 1-bit Synaptic Weights In computational neuroscience, synaptic plasticity learning rules are typically studied using the full 64-bit floating point precision computers provide. However, for dedicated hardware implementations, the precision used not only penalizes directly the required memory resources, but also the computing, communication, and energy resources. When it comes to hardware engineering, a key question is always to find (...) learning to the hidden feature extraction layer of a 2-layer system, where for the second (and output) layer we use already reported SNN classifiers. The systems are tested on two spiking datasets: a Dynamic Vision Sensor (DVS) recorded poker card symbols dataset and a Poisson-distributed spike representation MNIST dataset version. Tests are performed using the in-house MegaSim event-driven behavioral simulator and by implementing the systems on FPGA (Field Programmable Gate Array) hardware.

Full Text available with Trip Pro

2018 Frontiers in neuroscience

17. SwarmSight: Real-time Tracking of Insect Antenna Movements and Proboscis Extension Reflex Using a Common Preparation and Conventional Hardware (PubMed)

SwarmSight: Real-time Tracking of Insect Antenna Movements and Proboscis Extension Reflex Using a Common Preparation and Conventional Hardware Many scientifically and agriculturally important insects use antennae to detect the presence of volatile chemical compounds and extend their proboscis during feeding. The ability to rapidly obtain high-resolution measurements of natural antenna and proboscis movements and assess how they change in response to chemical, developmental, and genetic (...) manipulations can aid the understanding of insect behavior. By extending our previous work on assessing aggregate insect swarm or animal group movements from natural and laboratory videos using the video analysis software SwarmSight, we developed a novel, free, and open-source software module, SwarmSight Appendage Tracking (SwarmSight.org) for frame-by-frame tracking of insect antenna and proboscis positions from conventional web camera videos using conventional computers. The software processes frames

Full Text available with Trip Pro

2017 Journal of visualized experiments : JoVE

18. Systems morphodynamics: understanding the development of tissue hardware (PubMed)

Systems morphodynamics: understanding the development of tissue hardware Systems morphodynamics describes a multi-level analysis of mechanical morphogenesis that draws on new microscopy and computational technologies and embraces a systems biology-informed scope. We present a selection of articles that illustrate and explain this rapidly progressing field.This article is part of the themed issue 'Systems morphodynamics: understanding the development of tissue hardware'.© 2017 The Author(s).

Full Text available with Trip Pro

2017 Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences

19. Is the Cage an Additional Hardware in Lumbar Interbody Fusion for Low Grade Spondylolisthesis? A Prospective Study (PubMed)

Is the Cage an Additional Hardware in Lumbar Interbody Fusion for Low Grade Spondylolisthesis? A Prospective Study Lumbar interbody fusion has become the standard of care for the management of lumbar instability, where fusion is achieved using bone grafts, cages, etc.The aim of the study was to compare the outcomes of the interbody fusion using interbody cage technique and stand alone local bone graft technique.A total of 30 patients, operated for single level instability with low grade lytic (...) and degenerative spondylolisthesis of L4-5/L5-S1, were selected and grouped into two groups: Group I (stand alone grafts) and Group II (interbody cage and graft) based on computer generated random numbers. All patients who underwent interbody fusion through conventional open posterior approach were included in the study. Data regarding the time taken for interbody fusion, formaninal height maintenance, disc height restoration, translation, functional scores (VAS,ODI) and operative complications were analysed

Full Text available with Trip Pro

2017 Journal of clinical and diagnostic research : JCDR

20. GateKeeper: a new hardware architecture for accelerating pre-alignment in DNA short read mapping (PubMed)

GateKeeper: a new hardware architecture for accelerating pre-alignment in DNA short read mapping High throughput DNA sequencing (HTS) technologies generate an excessive number of small DNA segments -called short reads- that cause significant computational burden. To analyze the entire genome, each of the billions of short reads must be mapped to a reference genome based on the similarity between a read and 'candidate' locations in that reference genome. The similarity measurement, called (...) alignment, formulated as an approximate string matching problem, is the computational bottleneck because: (i) it is implemented using quadratic-time dynamic programming algorithms and (ii) the majority of candidate locations in the reference genome do not align with a given read due to high dissimilarity. Calculating the alignment of such incorrect candidate locations consumes an overwhelming majority of a modern read mapper's execution time. Therefore, it is crucial to develop a fast and effective

Full Text available with Trip Pro

2017 Bioinformatics

To help you find the content you need quickly, you can filter your results via the categories on the right-hand side >>>>