How to Trip Rapid Review

Step 1: Select articles relevant to your search (remember the system is only optimised for single intervention studies)

Step 2: press

Step 3: review the result, and maybe amend the or if you know better! If we're unsure of the overall sentiment of the trial we will display the conclusion under the article title. We then require you to tell us what the correct sentiment is.

33,107 results for

Community Services for the Elderly

by
...
Alerts

Export results

Use check boxes to select individual results below

SmartSearch available

Trip's SmartSearch engine has discovered connected searches & results. Click to show

101. Mixed-methods research revealed the need for Dementia Services and Human Resource Master Plan in an Aging Philippines. (Abstract)

Mixed-methods research revealed the need for Dementia Services and Human Resource Master Plan in an Aging Philippines. To determine the status of dementia care services and workforce in selected public and private hospitals and geriatric care facilities in the Philippines.Framework analysis of 54 key informant interviews, 4 focus group discussions, and survey of 167 workers in 26 purposively selected facilities.Three dementia care models emerged: (1) separate unit, seen in 2 facilities, (2 (...) ) partial dementia services, 9 facilities, and (3) integrated with the general services, 15 facilities. Only 1 of 26 facilities had specific outpatient services; only 1 provided care exclusively to dementia patients. Community day care services were rare. Physicians, nurses, and nursing assistants were available in all institutions. Nutrition and physical therapy services were generally available. There was a scarcity of physician specialists (e.g., geriatrics) and occupational therapists. Half

2018 Journal of Clinical Epidemiology

102. Use of primary care and other healthcare services between age 85 and 90 years: longitudinal analysis of a single-year birth cohort, the Newcastle 85+ study. (Full text)

, IRR=1.03, 95% CI 1.01 to 1.05, P=0.001) as did general practitioner (GP) consultations (IRR=1.03, 95% CI 1.01 to 1.05, P=0.006). Significant increases were also observed in inpatient and day hospital use over time, though these disappeared after adjustment for confounders.Our study of primary, secondary and community care use by the very old reveals that, between the ages of 85 and 90 years, older people are much more likely to consult their GP than any other primary healthcare team members (...) Use of primary care and other healthcare services between age 85 and 90 years: longitudinal analysis of a single-year birth cohort, the Newcastle 85+ study. To describe, using data from the Newcastle 85+ cohort study, the use of primary care and other healthcare services by 85-year-olds as they age.Longitudinal population-based cohort study.Newcastle on Tyne and North Tyneside, UK.Community dwelling and institutionalised men and women recruited through general practices (n=845, 319 men and 526

2018 BMJ open PubMed abstract

103. 'Suicide rates in Crete, Greece during the economic crisis: the effect of age, gender, unemployment and mental health service provision'. (Full text)

'Suicide rates in Crete, Greece during the economic crisis: the effect of age, gender, unemployment and mental health service provision'. Recently, suicides in Greece have drawn national and international interest due to the current economic crisis. According to published reports, suicides in Greece have increased up to 40% and Crete has been highlighted as an area with the sharpest increase.To investigate the suicide mortality rates in Crete between 1999 and 2013 and their association (...) with the economic crisis.Data on suicides were selected from the Department of Forensic Medicine files of the University of Crete.Our analysis showed that (1) Crete, has the highest suicide mortality rate in Greece, however no significant increase was observed between 1999 and 2013, (2) there were opposing trends between men and women, with women showing a decrease whereas men showed an increase in that period, (3) there was a significant increase of suicides in middle-aged men (40-64 yrs) and elderly, although

2018 BMC Psychiatry PubMed abstract

104. Delivering Vitamin A Supplements to Children Aged 6–59 Months: Comparing Delivery through Campaigns and through Routine Health Services in Senegal (Full text)

Delivering Vitamin A Supplements to Children Aged 6–59 Months: Comparing Delivery through Campaigns and through Routine Health Services in Senegal Using twice-yearly campaigns such as Child Health Days to deliver vitamin A supplements has been a key strategy over the last 2 decades, and was an important component in helping reach the Millennium Development Goals in child health. As countries move to strengthen their routine health services under the Sustainable Development Goals, efforts (...) obtained, for 2 regions using routine delivery and 2 regions using campaign delivery.Routine delivery receives fewer dedicated resources. Coverage is lower, especially of children >12 mo of age. Districts undertake outreach ("mini-campaigns") to try to improve coverage in regions using routine delivery, in effect using a hybrid approach. Some mothers prefer the administration of supplements at a health facility as it is perceived as more hygienic and involving professional health workers, but others

2018 Current Developments in Nutrition PubMed abstract

105. Utilization of growth monitoring and promotion services and associated factors among under two years of age children in Southern Ethiopia. (Full text)

of studies conducted about GMP in quantitative method. Therefore, this study was conducted to address the proportion of GMP services and associated factors among children under two years of age in rural communities of Mareka district, Southern Ethiopia. Community based cross-sectional survey was conducted from August to September 2015. Single population proportion formula was used to determine the sample size with multi stage sampling technique. A total of 819 children under two years of age were (...) Utilization of growth monitoring and promotion services and associated factors among under two years of age children in Southern Ethiopia. Growth monitoring and promotion (GMP) is a prevention activity comprised of growth monitoring (GM) linked with promotion that serves as the core activity in an integrated child health and nutrition program. However, different methods of institutional studies have shown that utilization of GM services has remained to be inadequate. There is scarcity

2017 PLoS ONE PubMed abstract

106. The Effectiveness of School-Based Mental Health Services for Elementary-Aged Children: A Meta-Analysis. (Abstract)

The Effectiveness of School-Based Mental Health Services for Elementary-Aged Children: A Meta-Analysis. Given problems and disparities in the use of community-based mental health services for youth, school personnel have assumed frontline mental health service roles. To date, most research on school-based services has evaluated analog educational contexts with services implemented by highly trained study staff, and little is known about the effectiveness of school-based mental health services (...) when implemented by school professionals.Random-effects meta-analytic procedures were used to synthesize effects of school-based mental health services for elementary school-age children delivered by school personnel and potential moderators of treatment response. Forty-three controlled trials evaluating 49,941 elementary school-age children met the selection criteria (mean grade 2.86, 60.3% boys).Overall, school-based services demonstrated a small-to-medium effect (Hedges g = 0.39) in decreasing

2018 Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry

107. Interventions to Prevent Falls in Community-Dwelling Older Adults: US Preventive Services Task Force Recommendation Statement. (Full text)

Interventions to Prevent Falls in Community-Dwelling Older Adults: US Preventive Services Task Force Recommendation Statement. Falls are the leading cause of injury-related morbidity and mortality among older adults in the United States. In 2014, 28.7% of community-dwelling adults 65 years or older reported falling, resulting in 29 million falls (37.5% of which needed medical treatment or restricted activity for a day or longer) and an estimated 33 000 deaths in 2015.To update the 2012 US (...) Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommendation on the prevention of falls in community-dwelling older adults.The USPSTF reviewed the evidence on the effectiveness and harms of primary care-relevant interventions to prevent falls and fall-related morbidity and mortality in community-dwelling older adults 65 years or older who are not known to have osteoporosis or vitamin D deficiency.The USPSTF found adequate evidence that exercise interventions have a moderate benefit in preventing falls in older

2018 JAMA PubMed abstract

108. Physical activity programs for older people in the community receiving home care services: systematic review and meta-analysis. (Full text)

Physical activity programs for older people in the community receiving home care services: systematic review and meta-analysis. The proportion of older adults is increasing around the world and most wish to live in their home until they die. To achieve this, many will require services in the home to remain living independently. To maintain function (ie, strength, balance, and endurance), physical activity needs to be undertaken on a regular basis, and is essential as a person ages (...) . Unfortunately, as people age there is a tendency to reduce activity levels, which often leads to loss of function and frailty, and the need for home care services. This updated systematic review includes a mix of study methodologies and meta-analysis, and investigated the effectiveness of physical activity/exercise interventions for older adults receiving home care services. Eighteen studies including ten randomized controlled trials meeting the selection criteria were identified. Many of the studies were

2020 Clinical interventions in aging PubMed abstract

109. Disconnected relationships between primary care and community-based health and social services and system navigation for older adults: a qualitative descriptive study. (Full text)

Disconnected relationships between primary care and community-based health and social services and system navigation for older adults: a qualitative descriptive study. There are gaps in knowledge and understanding about the relationships between primary care and community-based health and social services in the context of healthy aging at home and system navigation. This study examined provider perspectives on: a) older adults' health and social needs; b) barriers to accessing services; c (...) ) the nature of relationships between primary care and health and social services; and d) ways to facilitate primary care and health and social services navigation to optimize older adults' health.Four focus groups were conducted involving providers (n = 21) in: urban primary care clinics and health and social services organizations serving older adults in Hamilton, Ontario, Canada. Purposive sampling was employed to recruit community health and social services managers, directors or supervisors

2020 BMC Family Practice PubMed abstract

110. The effectiveness of a coordinated preventive care approach for healthy ageing (UHCE) among older persons in five European cities: A pre-post controlled trial. (Full text)

The effectiveness of a coordinated preventive care approach for healthy ageing (UHCE) among older persons in five European cities: A pre-post controlled trial. Older persons often have multiple health and social problems and need a variety of health services. A coordinated preventive approach that integrates the provision of health and social care services could promote healthy ageing. Such an approach can be organised differently, depending on the availability and organizational structures (...) in the local context. Therefore, it is important to evaluate the effectiveness of a coordinated preventive care approach in various European settings.This study explored the effects of a coordinated preventive health and social care approach on the lifestyle, health and quality of life of community-dwelling older persons in five European cities.International multi-center pre-post controlled trial.Community settings in cities in the United Kingdom, Greece, Croatia, the Netherlands and Spain.1844 community

2018 International journal of nursing studies PubMed abstract

111. DEPRESSION AND HANDGRIP STRENGTH AMONG U.S. ADULTS AGED 60 YEARS AND OLDER FROM NHANES 2011–2014 (Full text)

DEPRESSION AND HANDGRIP STRENGTH AMONG U.S. ADULTS AGED 60 YEARS AND OLDER FROM NHANES 2011–2014 Sarcopenia is a gradual loss of muscle mass and strength that occurs with aging. This muscle deterioration is linked to increased morbidity, disability, and other adverse outcomes. Although reduced handgrip strength can be considered a marker of sarcopenia and other aging-related decline in the elderly, there is limited research on this physical health problem in at-risk groups with common (...) biopsychosocial conditions such as depression. Our primary objective was to ascertain level of combined handgrip strength and its relationship with depression among adults aged 60 years and older.Unadjusted and adjusted linear regression models were conducted with a cross-sectional survey dataset.Secondary dataset from the 2011-2014 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES).Community-dwelling, non-institutionalized adults ≥60 years old (n=3,421).The predictor variables included a positive

2018 The journal of nutrition, health & aging PubMed abstract

112. Active surveillance of 2017 seasonal influenza vaccine safety: an observational cohort study of individuals aged 6 months and older in Australia. (Full text)

Active surveillance of 2017 seasonal influenza vaccine safety: an observational cohort study of individuals aged 6 months and older in Australia. To actively solicit adverse events experienced in the days following immunisation with quadrivalent inactivated influenza vaccine using Australia's near real-time, participant-based vaccine safety surveillance system, AusVaxSafety.Observational cohort study conducted in 194 sentinel surveillance immunisation sites (primary care, hospital and community (...) -based clinics) across Australia.Individuals aged ≥6 months who received a routine seasonal influenza vaccine at a participating site (n=102 911) and responded to a survey (via short message service or email) sent 3 days after vaccination about adverse events experienced (n=73 892; 71.8%).Near real-time and cumulative participant-reported rates of any adverse event, fever or medical attendance experienced within 3 days after vaccination overall, by brand, age, pregnancy status and concomitant vaccine

2018 BMJ open PubMed abstract

113. ArtontheBrain: An Inclusive Evidence-based Cognitive Health App for Older Adults to Promote Aging at Home

. with older adults with and without cognitive decline. The study will also examine how well that app can support different user play modalities and whether it can effect positive health outcomes similar to face-to-face arts interventions. Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase Cognitive Impairment Mild Cognitive Impairment Dementia Age-related Cognitive Decline Aging Device: ArtontheBrain Device: Seniors Online Victoria Not Applicable Detailed Description: Our project seeks to validate (...) story can be written. In 'mingle' the options involve social communications about the artwork that include seeing what other comments and seeing how the artwork has been rated by others. The mingle option permits the user to engage only with a select circle of users or to engage with a group of public users. Active Comparator: Seniors Online Victoria Senior Online Victoria games for about 30 to 45 minutes twice per week, over 6 weeks (https://www.seniorsonline.vic.gov.au/services-information/games

2018 Clinical Trials

114. Ageing as a Mindset: A Counterclockwise Experiment to Rejuvenate Older Adults

. Expected results will be able to promote a mindset-shift not only in the participants but in the general population. The communication plan, which is integrated into the project plan, includes the presentation of the results to communities and associations of older adults, using the experiment as a proof of concept. It will demonstrate that challenging rigid, culturally driven, age-related stereotypes can result in health and well-being improvement. This is expected to lead to a significant improvement (...) -of-Aging question: "What are the first five words or phrases that come to mind when you think of an older person?" (Levy & Langer, 1994). Three independent raters will score responses on a Likert scale ranging from 1 (very negative) to 5 (very positive), which will be combined as an average, providing one single score. This measure produces responses rated as stereotypical of old age (Levy, Slade, & Gill, 2006), predicts physical recovery (Levy, Slade, Murphy & Gill, 2012), and shows expected

2018 Clinical Trials

115. Social capital predicts accelerometry-measured physical activity among older adults in the U.S.: a cross-sectional study in the National Social Life, Health, and Aging Project. (Full text)

Social capital predicts accelerometry-measured physical activity among older adults in the U.S.: a cross-sectional study in the National Social Life, Health, and Aging Project. Older adults receive important health benefits from more robust social capital. Yet, the mechanisms behind these associations are not fully understood. Some evidence suggests that higher levels of social capital ultimately affect health through alterations in physical activity (PA), but most of this research has relied (...) on self-reported levels of PA. The aim of this study was to determine whether components of social capital, including social network size and composition as well as the frequency of participation in various social and community activities, were associated with accelerometry-measured PA levels in a nationally representative sample of community-dwelling older adults (≥ 62 years).We conducted a cross-sectional analysis using data from the wrist accelerometry sub-study (n = 738) within Wave 2

2018 BMC Public Health PubMed abstract

116. Effectiveness of a community paramedic-led health assessment and education initiative in a seniors' residence building: the Community Health Assessment Program through Emergency Medical Services (CHAP-EMS). (Full text)

Effectiveness of a community paramedic-led health assessment and education initiative in a seniors' residence building: the Community Health Assessment Program through Emergency Medical Services (CHAP-EMS). Seniors living in subsidized housing have lower income, poorer health, and increased risk for cardiometabolic diseases and falls. Seniors also account for more than one third of calls to Emergency Medical Services (EMS). This study examines the effectiveness of the Community Health (...) physician regularly. Blood pressure was collected throughout the one year intervention, while diabetes risk was assessed at baseline and after 6-12 months. EMS call volumes were collected from the Hamilton Paramedic Service for two years pre-intervention and one year during the intervention.There were 79 participants (mean age = 72.2 years) and 1,365 participant visits to CHAP-EMS. The majority were female (68%), high school educated or less (53%), had a family doctor (90%), history of hypertension (58

2017 BMC Emergency Medicine PubMed abstract

117. Community-based health promotion for older adults

and outcomes for people aged over 60 years? 13 Grey Literature 24 Gaps in the evidence 25 Discussion 26 Applicability 28 References 31 Appendix A 35 Appendix B 36 Appendix C 45 Appendix D 46 COMMUNITY-BASED HEALTH PROMOTION FOR OLDER ADULTS APRIL 2019 | SAX INSTITUTE 5 Executive summary Background Older adults who are physically active maintain better health and cognitive function than adults who are not. Evidence-based strategies to increase health and wellbeing among older people are needed (...) Question 1: What community-based programs, that combine physical activity, with other activities addressing key health risk factors, have shown to be effective in improving the health behaviours and outcomes for people aged over 60 years? The evidence check identified 26 papers reporting on 23 different community-based programs for older adults (60+ years) that met the criteria for inclusion in this rapid review. Programs were developed in the United States, Canada, Brazil, several European countries

2020 Sax Institute Evidence Check

118. Activity Engagement and Cognitive Function: Findings From a Community-Dwelling U.S. Chinese Aging Population Study (Full text)

of Chinese Elderly (PINE) Wave I. Multivariate regression analyses showed that participation in more cognitive and social activities were associated with better cognitive function indicated by all five measures. Also, more frequent attendance in religious services is related to better working memory only. Compared with those more acculturated peers, the less acculturated community-dwelling Chinese older adults benefited more from high levels of activity engagement, especially in global cognition (...) Activity Engagement and Cognitive Function: Findings From a Community-Dwelling U.S. Chinese Aging Population Study This cross-sectional study aims to examine the associations between engagement in cognitive, social, and religious activity and cognitive function (i.e., global cognition, cognitive performance, episodic memory, working memory, and executive function) and to explore the moderation effect of acculturation on the associations. Data were drawn from the Population-Based Study

2018 Gerontology and geriatric medicine PubMed abstract

119. An evaluation tool for Age-Friendly and Dementia Friendly Communities (Full text)

conversations, documentary analysis, interviews and group discussions. Following evidence appraisal, Sheffield's approach to dementia friendliness was assessed. A local steering group was central to the study.The evidence indicates areas of strength in Sheffield's approach to dementia friendliness: involvement of older people; service provision; collaboration; monitoring and evaluation. Scope for improvement was identified around resource allocation, and use of existing guidance on dementia friendliness (...) An evaluation tool for Age-Friendly and Dementia Friendly Communities The purpose of this paper is to report how an evaluation tool originally developed for Age-Friendly Cities was pilot-tested in the context of the Dementia Friendly Community (DFC) initiative of the city of Sheffield/UK. It presents finding and outputs on which other communities with dementia friendly agendas can draw.The original evaluation tool was adapted to a focus on dementia friendliness. Data collection involved scoping

2018 Working with Older People (Brighton, England) PubMed abstract

120. The impact of community-based palliative care on acute hospital use in the last year of life is modified by time to death, age and underlying cause of death. A population-based retrospective cohort study. (Full text)

The impact of community-based palliative care on acute hospital use in the last year of life is modified by time to death, age and underlying cause of death. A population-based retrospective cohort study. Community-based palliative care is known to be associated with reduced acute care health service use. Our objective was to investigate how reduced acute care hospital use in the last year of life varied temporally and by patient factors.A retrospective cohort study of the last year of life (...) % (95%CI 1-66) and the mean length of stay reduced 6% (95%CI 2-10) during periods of time decedents received community-based palliative care compared to periods of time not receiving this care. Decedents aged <70 years receiving community-based palliative care showed a reduced rate of hospital admission around five months before death, whereas for older decedents the reduction in hospital admissions was apparent a year before death. All decedents who were receiving community-based palliative care

2017 PLoS ONE PubMed abstract

To help you find the content you need quickly, you can filter your results via the categories on the right-hand side >>>>