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Chronic Cough Causes in Children

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1. ERS guidelines on the diagnosis and treatment of chronic cough in adults and children Full Text available with Trip Pro

, The Netherlands. 21 Dept of Respiratory Medicine, Erasmus University Medical Center, Rotterdam, The Netherlands. 22 Dept of Pediatrics, Teaching Hospital of the University of Vienna, Wilhelminen Hospital, Vienna, Austria. PMID: 31515408 PMCID: (available on 2020-07-01 ) DOI: Item in Clipboard ERS Guidelines on the Diagnosis and Treatment of Chronic Cough in Adults and Children Alyn H Morice et al. Eur Respir J . 2020 Show details Eur Respir J Actions , 55 (1) Authors (...) ERS guidelines on the diagnosis and treatment of chronic cough in adults and children ERS Guidelines on the Diagnosis and Treatment of Chronic Cough in Adults and Children - PubMed This site needs JavaScript to work properly. Please enable it to take advantage of the complete set of features! Welcome to the new PubMed. For legacy PubMed go to . Clipboard, Search History, and several other advanced features are temporarily unavailable. National Institutes of Health U.S. National Library

2020 EvidenceUpdates

2. Use of management pathways or algorithms in children with chronic cough: CHEST guideline and Expert Panel report.

). For children aged ≤14 years with chronic cough, the Expert Panel suggests that an assessment of the effect of cough on the child and the family be undertaken as part of the clinical consultation ( Ungraded, Consensus Based Statement ). For children aged ≤14 years with chronic cough, the Expert Panel recommends using pediatric-specific cough management protocols or algorithms ( Grade 1B ). For children aged ≤14 years with chronic cough, the Expert Panel recommends taking a systematic approach (such as using (...) a validated guideline) to determine the cause of the cough ( Grade 1A ). For children aged ≤14 years with chronic cough, the Expert Panel recommends basing the management or testing algorithm on cough characteristics and the associated clinical history, such as using specific cough pointers like presence of productive/wet cough ( Grade 1A ). For children aged ≤14 years with chronic cough, the Expert Panel recommends basing the management on the etiology of the cough. An empirical approach aimed

2017 National Guideline Clearinghouse (partial archive)

3. Are Antibiotics Effective in the Treatment of Children With Prolonged Wet Cough? Full Text available with Trip Pro

. 1993 ; 25 : 323–329 , x 3 Gottfarb, P. and Brauner, A. Children with persistent cough—outcome with treatment and role of Moraxella catarrhalis . Scand J Infect Dis . 1994 ; 26 : 545–551 and 1 in a pediatric respiratory outpatient clinic including children with cough greater than 3 weeks. x 4 Marchant, J., Masters, I.B., Champion, A. et al. Randomised controlled trial of amoxycillin clavulanate in children with chronic wet cough. Thorax . 2012 ; 67 : 689–693 One open randomized study compared (...) illness, x 5 Britt, H., Miller, G.C., Henderson, J. et al. General Practice Activity in Australia 2015-16. Sydney University Press , Sydney, Australia ; 2016 and prolonged cough in children has an association with greater parental stress. x 6 Marchant, J.M., Newcombe, P.A., Juniper, E.F. et al. What is the burden of chronic cough for families?. Chest . 2008 ; 134 : 303–309 The definition of pediatric prolonged cough is a cough lasting greater than 4 weeks. Classification includes wet (productive

2019 Annals of Emergency Medicine Systematic Review Snapshots

4. Chronic Cough and Gastroesophageal Reflux in Children: CHEST Guideline and Expert Panel Report Full Text available with Trip Pro

Chronic Cough and Gastroesophageal Reflux in Children: CHEST Guideline and Expert Panel Report Whether gastroesophageal reflux (GER) or GER disease (GERD) causes chronic cough in children is controversial. Using the Population, Intervention, Comparison, Outcome (PICO) format, we undertook four systematic reviews. For children with chronic cough (> 4-weeks duration) and without underlying lung disease: (1) who do not have gastrointestinal GER symptoms, should empirical treatment for GERD be used (...) ? (2) with gastrointestinal GER symptoms, does treatment for GERD resolve the cough? (3) with or without gastrointestinal GER symptoms, what GER-based therapies should be used and for how long? (4) if GERD is suspected as the cause, what investigations and diagnostic criteria best determine GERD as the cause of the cough?We used the CHEST Expert Cough Panel's protocol and American College of Chest Physicians (CHEST) methodological guidelines and GRADE (Grading of Recommendations Assessment

2019 EvidenceUpdates

5. Antibiotics for prolonged wet cough in children. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Antibiotics for prolonged wet cough in children. Cough is a frequent symptom presenting to doctors. The most common cause of childhood chronic (greater than fours weeks' duration) wet cough is protracted bacterial bronchitis (PBB) in some settings, although other more serious causes can also present this way. Timely and effective management of chronic wet or productive cough improves quality of life and clinical outcomes. Current international guidelines suggest a course of antibiotics (...) Register, Cochrane Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), MEDLINE, Embase, trials registries, review articles and reference lists of relevant articles. The latest searches were performed in September 2017.We included randomised controlled trials (RCTs) comparing antibiotics with a placebo or a control group in children with chronic wet cough. We excluded cluster and cross-over trials.We used standard methods as recommended by Cochrane. We reviewed results of searches against predetermined criteria

2018 Cochrane

6. Speech and language therapy for management of chronic cough. (Abstract)

Speech and language therapy for management of chronic cough. Cough both protects and clears the airway. Cough has three phases: breathing in (inspiration), closure of the glottis, and a forced expiratory effort. Chronic cough has a negative, far-reaching impact on quality of life. Few effective medical treatments for individuals with unexplained (idiopathic/refractory) chronic cough (UCC) are known. For this group, current guidelines advocate the use of gabapentin. Speech and language therapy (...) of the two studies included children. The duration of treatment and length of sessions varied between studies from four sessions delivered weekly, to four sessions over two months. Similarly, length of sessions varied slightly from one 60-minute session and three 45-minute sessions to four 30-minute sessions. The control interventions were healthy lifestyle advice in both studies.One study contributed HRQoL data, using the Leicester Cough Questionnaire (LCQ), and we judged the quality of the evidence

2019 Cochrane

7. Somatic Cough Syndrome (Previously Referred to as Psychogenic Cough) and Tic Cough (Previously Referred to as Habit Cough) in Adults and Children

of somatic cough disorder can only be made aft er an extensive evaluation has been performed that includes ruling out tic disorders and uncommon causes and the patient meets the DSM-5 criteria (see Table 1) for a somatic symptom disorder (Grade 2C) . 10. In children with chronic cough diagnosed with somatic cough disorder (previously referred to as psychogenic cough), we suggest non-pharmacological trials of hypnosis or suggestion therapy or combina- tions of reassurance, counseling, or referral (...) - 486 . 9. C h a n g A B , G a ff n e y J T , E a s t b u r n M M , F a o a g a l i J , Co x N C , M a s t e r s I B . Cough quality in children: a comparison of subjective vs. broncho- scopic fi ndings . Respir Res . 2005 ; 6 : 3 . 10. M e llo CJ , I r win RS , C u rle y FJ . P r edic ti v e val ues o f t h e c h a rac t e r , timing, and complications of chronic cough in diagnosing its cause . Arch Intern Med . 1996 ; 156 ( 9 ): 997 - 1003 . 11. P o w er JT , S t e wa r t I C , C o nna ug h t o n

2015 American College of Chest Physicians

8. Clinical pathways for chronic cough in children. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Clinical pathways for chronic cough in children. Chronic cough (a cough lasting longer than four weeks) is a common problem internationally. Chronic cough has associated economic costs and is distressing to the child and to parents; ignoring cough may lead to delayed diagnosis and progression of serious underlying respiratory disease. Clinical guidelines have been shown to lead to efficient and effective patient care and can facilitate clinical decision making. Cough guidelines have been (...) designed to facilitate the management of chronic cough. However, treatment recommendations vary, and specific clinical pathways for the treatment of chronic cough in children are important, as causes of and treatments for cough vary significantly from those in adults. Therefore, systematic evaluation of the use of evidence-based clinical pathways for the management of chronic cough in children would be beneficial for clinical practice and for patient care. Use of a management algorithm can improve

2014 Cochrane

9. Why chronic cough in children is different. (Abstract)

Why chronic cough in children is different. Recently, there have been robust changes in our knowledge of the neurophysiology of cough and novel clinical etiologies. Specifically, cough hypersensitivity in adults and protracted bacterial bronchitis (PBB) in children have been increasingly investigated, and differences between chronic cough in children and adults have been widely reported. In young children, postinfectious cough, bronchiectasis, airway malacia, PBB, and asthma appear (...) to be the main causes of cough; however, by adolescence, the causes of cough are more likely to become those common in adults, namely, gastroesophageal reflux, asthma, and upper airway syndrome. These differences are attributed to changes in various characteristics of the respiratory tract, immune system, and nervous system between children and adults. New knowledge about the neural aspects of cough has revealed a complex network of pathways that initiate cough. The effect of inflammation on cough neural

2019 Pulmonary Pharmacology & Therapeutics

10. Etiology analysis of nonspecific chronic cough in children of 5 years and younger. Full Text available with Trip Pro

analyzed.The etiology distribution of 85 cases of children with nonspecific chronic cough were as follows: 27 cases had cough variant asthma (31.8%), 32 cases had upper airway cough syndrome (37.6%), 16 cases had cough after infection (18.8%), 3 cases had gastroesophageal reflux cough (3.5%), 2 cases had allergic cough (2.4%), and 5 cases had unknown causes of cough (5.9%).The main composition ratio of the etiology of chronic cough in children of 5 years old and below is as follows (in sequence): upper (...) Etiology analysis of nonspecific chronic cough in children of 5 years and younger. This study aims to analyze the etiology of nonspecific chronic cough in children of 5 years and younger, in order to improve the diagnostic and treatment levels of pediatricians for nonspecific chronic cough in young children.The clinical data of 85 cases of children of 5 years old and below, who suffered from nonspecific chronic cough between the period of January 2015 and August 2016 were retrospectively

2019 Medicine

11. Bronchogenic Cyst as an Unusual Cause of a Persistent Cough and Wheeze in Children: A Case Report and Literature Review Full Text available with Trip Pro

Bronchogenic Cyst as an Unusual Cause of a Persistent Cough and Wheeze in Children: A Case Report and Literature Review Wheezing and cough are common case scenarios that pediatricians encountered in their office practices. Although a bronchogenic cyst is an uncommon condition, it is essential to be considered in the differential diagnosis of a chronic cough and wheezing among young children who fail to respond to appropriate medical treatment. A 28-month-old girl was referred to our pediatric (...) one of the rare causes of wheezing and cough in young children and emphasizes the importance of considering it in the differential diagnosis of a child presenting with refractory asthma-like symptoms. This is important for early diagnosis and management and to avoid unpredictable complications of this treatable condition.

2018 Case reports in pediatrics

12. Chronic Cough Causes in Children

in Children Chronic Cough Causes in Children Aka: Chronic Cough Causes in Children From Related Chapters II. Causes: Chronic Cough in Infancy Airway malformation Tracheoesophageal fistula Primary ciliary Immune deficiency Infection (RSV) (CMV) III. Causes: Chronic Cough in preschool children Reactive changes Postnasal discharge ( ) Passive smoke Infection Viral causes Primary ciliary Immune deficiency IV. Causes: Chronic Cough in school age children (ages 6 to 15 years old) Reactive changes Environmental (...) Chronic Cough Causes in Children Chronic Cough Causes in Children Toggle navigation Brain Head & Neck Chest Endocrine Abdomen Musculoskeletal Skin Infectious Disease Hematology & Oncology Cohorts Diagnostics Emergency Findings Procedures Prevention & Management Pharmacy Resuscitation Trauma Emergency Procedures Ultrasound Cardiovascular Emergencies Lung Emergencies Infectious Disease Pediatrics Neurologic Emergencies Skin Exposure Miscellaneous Abuse Cancer Administration 4 Chronic Cough Causes

2018 FP Notebook

13. Investigations and diagnostic criteria to determine gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) as the cause of the chronic cough in children

Investigations and diagnostic criteria to determine gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) as the cause of the chronic cough in children Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any associated files or external websites. Email salutation (e.g. "Dr Smith" or "Joanne

2018 PROSPERO

14. Effectiveness of a cough management algorithm at the transitional phase from acute to chronic cough in Australian children aged <15 years: protocol for a randomised controlled trial. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Effectiveness of a cough management algorithm at the transitional phase from acute to chronic cough in Australian children aged <15 years: protocol for a randomised controlled trial. Acute respiratory infections (ARIs) are leading causes of hospitalisation in Australian children and, if recurrent, are associated with increased risk of chronic pulmonary disorders later in life. Chronic (>4 weeks) cough in children following ARI is associated with decreased quality-of-life scores and increased (...) health and societal economic costs. We will determine whether a validated evidence-based cough algorithm, initiated when chronic cough is first diagnosed after presentation with ARI, improves clinical outcomes in children compared with usual care.A multicentre, parallel group, open-label, randomised controlled trial, nested within a prospective cohort study in Southeast Queensland, Australia, is underway. 750 children aged <15 years will be enrolled and followed weekly for 8 weeks after presenting

2017 BMJ open Controlled trial quality: predicted high

15. Cough Due to Tuberculous and Other Chronic Infections

Cough Due to Tuberculous and Other Chronic Infections Cough Due to TB and Other Chronic Infections CHEST Guideline and Expert Panel Report Stephen K. Field, MD,CM, FCCP; Patricio Escalante, MD, FCCP; Dina A. Fisher, MD, FCCP; Belinda Ireland, MD; Richard S. Irwin, MD, Master FCCP; on behalf of the CHEST Expert Cough Panel BACKGROUND: Cough is common in pulmonary TB and other chronic respiratory infections. Identifying features that predict whether pulmonary TB is the cause would help target (...) - resistant Mycobacterium tuberculosis strains, a surrogate marker for multidrug-resistant TB (MDR- TB). 6,7 Rapid and accurate identi?cation of MDR-TB cases is critical in many areas in the world where MDR-TB is highly prevalent. 6,8 Conversely, the prevalence of cough is greatest in those with smear- positive sputum. However, even in areas with a high TB prevalence, the majority of coughs are due to another cause. 9,10 Common causes include acute viral bronchitis, chronic bronchitis, respiratory

2018 American College of Chest Physicians

16. KAAACI Evidence-Based Clinical Practice Guidelines for Chronic Cough in Adults and Children in Korea Full Text available with Trip Pro

KAAACI Evidence-Based Clinical Practice Guidelines for Chronic Cough in Adults and Children in Korea Chronic cough is common in the community and causes significant morbidity. Several factors may underlie this problem, but comorbid conditions located at sensory nerve endings that regulate the cough reflex, including rhinitis, rhinosinusitis, asthma, eosinophilic bronchitis, and gastroesophageal reflux disease, are considered important. However, chronic cough is frequently non-specific (...) tools for non-specific chronic cough, and available therapeutic options for chronic wet cough in children and unexplained chronic cough in adults in Korea.Copyright © 2018 The Korean Academy of Asthma, Allergy and Clinical Immunology · The Korean Academy of Pediatric Allergy and Respiratory Disease.

2018 Allergy, asthma & immunology research

17. Phenotypic presentation of chronic cough in children Full Text available with Trip Pro

paediatric guidelines and algorithms for chronic cough are now widely applied. Post-infectious cough, asthma, bronchiectasis, malacia and protracted bacterial bronchitis (PBB) appear to be the major causes of cough in young children. By adolescence, the causes of cough are more likely to be similar to those in adults, namely, gastroesophageal reflux, asthma, and upper airway syndrome. In a primary setting, it is essential to investigate the underlying disease entity that initiates and sustains chronic (...) Phenotypic presentation of chronic cough in children Chronic cough in children is increasingly defined as a cough that lasts more than four weeks. It is recognized as a different entity than cough in adults. As a result, the diagnostic approach and management of chronic cough in children are no longer extrapolated from adult guidelines. These differences are attributed to the various characteristics of the respiratory tract, immunological system and nervous system in children. Specific

2017 Journal of thoracic disease

18. Analysis of the Literature on Chronic Cough in Children Full Text available with Trip Pro

, and prevalence of the main causes. However, few studies regarding epidemiology and the quality of life have been reported. Many therapeutic approaches that are considered effective in adults with chronic cough seem to be less efficient in children. Regardless of the setting, whether pediatric or non-pediatric, children with chronic cough should be carefully evaluated using child-specific protocols and algorithms. Awareness of the various pathophysiological conditions associated with chronic cough is vital (...) Analysis of the Literature on Chronic Cough in Children Throughout childhood, various developmental phenomena influence the cough reflex. Among these are the modifications in the anatomy and functions of the respiratory tract and the central and peripheral nervous systems. Moreover, after birth, the immunological response undergoes progressive transformations with the acquisition of immune memory processes. These conditions make infections and airway abnormalities the overwhelming cause

2017 The open respiratory medicine journal

19. Etiologies of chronic cough in pediatric cohorts - CHEST Guideline and Expert Panel Report. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Etiologies of chronic cough in pediatric cohorts - CHEST Guideline and Expert Panel Report. There is no published systematic review on the etiologies of chronic cough or the relationship between OSA and chronic cough in children aged ≤ 14 years. We thus undertook a systematic review based on key questions (KQs) using the Population, Intervention, Comparison, Outcome format. The KQs follow: Among children with chronic (> 4 weeks) cough (KQ 1) are the common etiologies different from those (...) in adults? (KQ 2) Are the common etiologies age or setting dependent, or both? (KQ 3) Is OSA a cause of chronic cough in children?We used the CHEST Expert Cough Panel's protocol and the American College of Chest Physicians (CHEST) methodological guidelines and Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development, and Evaluation framework. Data from the systematic reviews in conjunction with patients' values and preferences and the clinical context were used to form recommendations. Delphi methodology

2017 Chest

20. Honey for coughs in children with URTI

Media Releases 2013 Media Releases 2012 Media Releases Search Honey and cough in children with URTI Honey and cough in children with URTI Introduction Cough associated with an URTI in children does not require treatment but treatment may be necessary when the cough interferes with sleep. Indication Honey may be used if a cough suppressant is sought for the short-term symptomatic relief of nocturnal cough in children (12 months to 18 years of age) with an URTI after other causes of the cough have (...) been excluded (eg asthma, pneumonia, chronic cough). Considerations Honey is preferred to over-the-counter cough and cold medications for children older than 12 months of age with cough due to an URTI. A 2014 Cochrane Review concluded that honey was better than ‘no treatment’ or placebo in reducing the frequency of cough in children. It was also found to be superior to diphenhydramine (low-quality evidence)and no significant difference when compared to dextromethorphan (medium-quality evidence

2014 Handbook of Non-Drug interventions (HANDI)

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