How to Trip Rapid Review

Step 1: Select articles relevant to your search (remember the system is only optimised for single intervention studies)

Step 2: press

Step 3: review the result, and maybe amend the or if you know better! If we're unsure of the overall sentiment of the trial we will display the conclusion under the article title. We then require you to tell us what the correct sentiment is.

4,430 results for

Chronic Cough Causes

by
...
Latest & greatest
Alerts

Export results

Use check boxes to select individual results below

SmartSearch available

Trip's SmartSearch engine has discovered connected searches & results. Click to show

1. Speech and language therapy for management of chronic cough. (PubMed)

Speech and language therapy for management of chronic cough. Cough both protects and clears the airway. Cough has three phases: breathing in (inspiration), closure of the glottis, and a forced expiratory effort. Chronic cough has a negative, far-reaching impact on quality of life. Few effective medical treatments for individuals with unexplained (idiopathic/refractory) chronic cough (UCC) are known. For this group, current guidelines advocate the use of gabapentin. Speech and language therapy (...) is needed to understand which aspects of SLT interventions are most effective in reducing cough (both objective cough frequency and subjective measures of cough) and improving HRQoL. We consider these endpoints to be clinically important. It is also important for future studies to report information on adverse events.Because of the paucity of data, we can draw no robust conclusions regarding the efficacy of SLT interventions for improving outcomes in unexplained chronic cough. Our review identifies

2019 Cochrane

2. Assessment of chronic cough

/S0012-3692(17)32918-5/fulltext http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29080708?tool=bestpractice.com Sub-acute cough is most often self-limiting, but chronic cough may provide significant challenges for effective evaluation and management. Non-targeted cough suppressant therapy is rarely effective for chronic cough. However, the difficulty is in determining the cause of cough, because some 'aetiologies' are syndromes without accurate diagnostic tests. The cause is determined instead by typical (...) historical features, elimination of alternative causes, and response to targeted therapies (therapeutic trials serve as tests). Nonetheless, a careful history, along with selected therapeutic trials and/or diagnostic evaluations performed in a systematic and informed way, may satisfactorily resolve cough in over 90% of cases. Differentials Upper airway cough syndrome (UACS; postnasal drip) Asthma Gastro-oesophageal reflux disease (GORD) Non-asthmatic eosinophilic bronchitis (NAEB) Chronic bronchitis/COPD

2018 BMJ Best Practice

3. Cough Due to Tuberculous and Other Chronic Infections

Cough Due to Tuberculous and Other Chronic Infections Cough Due to TB and Other Chronic Infections CHEST Guideline and Expert Panel Report Stephen K. Field, MD,CM, FCCP; Patricio Escalante, MD, FCCP; Dina A. Fisher, MD, FCCP; Belinda Ireland, MD; Richard S. Irwin, MD, Master FCCP; on behalf of the CHEST Expert Cough Panel BACKGROUND: Cough is common in pulmonary TB and other chronic respiratory infections. Identifying features that predict whether pulmonary TB is the cause would help target (...) - resistant Mycobacterium tuberculosis strains, a surrogate marker for multidrug-resistant TB (MDR- TB). 6,7 Rapid and accurate identi?cation of MDR-TB cases is critical in many areas in the world where MDR-TB is highly prevalent. 6,8 Conversely, the prevalence of cough is greatest in those with smear- positive sputum. However, even in areas with a high TB prevalence, the majority of coughs are due to another cause. 9,10 Common causes include acute viral bronchitis, chronic bronchitis, respiratory

2018 American College of Chest Physicians

4. A Rare Case of Isolated Chronic Cough Caused by Pulmonary Lymphangitic Carcinomatosis as a Primary Manifestation of Rectum Carcinoma (PubMed)

A Rare Case of Isolated Chronic Cough Caused by Pulmonary Lymphangitic Carcinomatosis as a Primary Manifestation of Rectum Carcinoma A 36-year old man was referred to our hospital due to isolated chronic cough that was refractory to anti-asthma medications, including inhaled corticosteroids/long-acting β2 agonists. Chest X-ray showed diffuse nodular and enhanced vascular shadows with Kerley lines in both lungs. A blood analysis showed elevated serum carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) and CA19-9 (...) levels. A transbronchial biopsy revealed well to moderately differentiated adenocarcinoma, the origin of which was immunohistochemically suspected to be the gastrointestinal tract. Colonoscopy confirmed the diagnosis of primary rectum carcinoma. Pulmonary lymphangitic carcinomatosis was therefore regarded as the origin of the cough. Lymphangitic carcinomatosis is an uncommon diagnosis but important to consider in patients with persistent cough.

Full Text available with Trip Pro

2018 Internal Medicine

5. An unexpected cause of chronic cough in a young woman: Tachycardia-induced cardiomyopathy. (PubMed)

An unexpected cause of chronic cough in a young woman: Tachycardia-induced cardiomyopathy. Heart failure typically manifests with exertional dyspnea or limb edema. Old age, underlying heart disease, and coronary risk factors are known risk factors for heart failure. Thus, congestive heart failure is rarely considered as a differential diagnosis of chronic cough in a previously healthy young person. However, tachycardia-induced cardiomyopathy (TIC) can result in such a situation. A case (...) of a previously healthy 27-year-old woman with TIC is described herein. On the first examination, the patient presented with left ventricular (LV) dysfunction caused by persistent tachyarrhythmia. Cardiomyopathy subsided with only heart rate control; therefore, the patient was diagnosed as having TIC. TIC can develop irrespective of age and underlying heart disease. The long-term outcome may be good, and LV systolic function recovers in most patients following resolution of arrhythmia. Physicians need

2018 American Journal of Emergency Medicine

6. Heterogeneity of cough hypersensitivity mediated by TRPV1 and TRPA1 in patients with chronic refractory cough. (PubMed)

)-mediated cough sensitivity in patients with chronic refractory cough.Using a selective TRPA1 agonist, allyl isothiocyanate (AITC), we established an AITC cough challenge as a measure of TRPA1-mediated cough sensitivity. The AITC cough challenge and the widely used capsaicin (a selective TRPV1 agonist) cough challenge were performed with 250 patients with chronic refractory cough and 56 healthy subjects. The concentration of AITC or capsaicin solution causing at least two (C2) and five coughs (C5 (...) Heterogeneity of cough hypersensitivity mediated by TRPV1 and TRPA1 in patients with chronic refractory cough. The differential sensitivity of cough to antitussive therapies implies the existence of heterogeneity in cough hypersensitivity, but how such heterogeneity is expressed across individual patients is poorly understood. We investigated the phenotypes of cough hypersensitivity by examining transient receptor potential ankyrin 1 (TRPA1)- and transient receptor potential vanilloid 1 (TRPV1

Full Text available with Trip Pro

2019 Respiratory research

7. Use of management pathways or algorithms in children with chronic cough: CHEST guideline and Expert Panel report.

a validated guideline) to determine the cause of the cough ( Grade 1A ). For children aged ≤14 years with chronic cough, the Expert Panel recommends basing the management or testing algorithm on cough characteristics and the associated clinical history, such as using specific cough pointers like presence of productive/wet cough ( Grade 1A ). For children aged ≤14 years with chronic cough, the Expert Panel recommends basing the management on the etiology of the cough. An empirical approach aimed (...) ., foreign body) may cause chronic respiratory morbidity, whereas early diagnosis of chronic disease leads to appropriate management and subsequent resolution of cough and improved quality of life (QoL). Use of cough algorithms or pathways can potentially lead to earlier diagnosis and reduce morbidity, unnecessary costs, and medication use associated with chronic cough. The variations in algorithms raise the question of whether algorithms that are specific to the clinical setting should be used

2017 National Guideline Clearinghouse (partial archive)

8. Endobronchial hamartoma; a rare structural cause of chronic cough (PubMed)

Endobronchial hamartoma; a rare structural cause of chronic cough Pulmonary hamartomas are rare benign tumors consisting of multiple mesenchymal cell lines like cartilage, bone and fat. We discuss an interesting case of a 53-year-old male patient, who was referred to our clinic for persistent cough. Chest X-ray revealed a left suprahilar density associated with plate like atelectasis, which on chest CT was found to be a densely calcified nodule, causing narrowing of the left upper lobe (LUL

Full Text available with Trip Pro

2017 Respiratory Medicine Case Reports

9. Chronic Cough and Gastroesophageal Reflux in Children: CHEST Guideline and Expert Panel Report

Chronic Cough and Gastroesophageal Reflux in Children: CHEST Guideline and Expert Panel Report Whether gastroesophageal reflux (GER) or GER disease (GERD) causes chronic cough in children is controversial. Using the Population, Intervention, Comparison, Outcome (PICO) format, we undertook four systematic reviews. For children with chronic cough (> 4-weeks duration) and without underlying lung disease: (1) who do not have gastrointestinal GER symptoms, should empirical treatment for GERD be used (...) ? (2) with gastrointestinal GER symptoms, does treatment for GERD resolve the cough? (3) with or without gastrointestinal GER symptoms, what GER-based therapies should be used and for how long? (4) if GERD is suspected as the cause, what investigations and diagnostic criteria best determine GERD as the cause of the cough?We used the CHEST Expert Cough Panel's protocol and American College of Chest Physicians (CHEST) methodological guidelines and GRADE (Grading of Recommendations Assessment

2019 EvidenceUpdates

10. Cough (acute): antimicrobial prescribing

are viral infections. It can also be caused by acute bronchitis, a lower respiratory tract infection, which is usually a viral infection but can be bacterial. Other infective causes of cough include pneumonia, acute exacerbations of asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease or bronchiectasis (which may also be non-infective exacerbations), and viral-induced wheeze, bronchiolitis, croup or whooping cough. Non-infective causes may include lung cancer, a foreign body, interstitial lung disease (...) of 36Recommendations Recommendations 1.1 Managing acute cough 1.1.1 Be aware that an acute cough: is usually self-limiting and gets better within 3 to 4 weeks without antibiotics is most commonly caused by a viral upper respiratory tract infection, such as a cold or flu can also be caused by acute bronchitis, a lower respiratory tract infection, which is usually a viral infection but can be bacterial can also have other infective or non-infective causes. 1.1.2 For children under 5 with an acute cough and fever

2019 National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence - Clinical Guidelines

11. Health seeking behavior among individuals presenting with chronic cough at referral hospitals in Uganda; Missed opportunity for early tuberculosis diagnosis. (PubMed)

Health seeking behavior among individuals presenting with chronic cough at referral hospitals in Uganda; Missed opportunity for early tuberculosis diagnosis. Tuberculosis (TB) is the 9th leading cause of death from a single infectious agent. Patients live in a complex health care system with both formal and informal providers, and it is important that a TB diagnosis is not missed at the first interaction with the health care system. In this study, we highlight the health seeking behavior (...) of patients and missed opportunities for early TB diagnosis for which interventions could be instituted to ensure early TB diagnosis and prompt TB treatment initiation.This study was nested in a cross-sectional study that assessed the accuracy of different Xpert MTB/Rif implementation strategies in programmatic settings at the referral hospitals in Uganda. We documented the symptom profile of presumptive TB patients and assessed the health seeking behavior of those with chronic cough by calculating

2019 PLoS ONE

12. Cough Due to TB and Other Chronic Infections: CHEST Guideline and Expert Panel Report

Cough Due to TB and Other Chronic Infections: CHEST Guideline and Expert Panel Report Cough is common in pulmonary TB and other chronic respiratory infections. Identifying features that predict whether pulmonary TB is the cause would help target appropriate individuals for rapid and cost-effective screening, potentially limiting disease progression and preventing transmission to others.A systematic literature search for individual studies to answer eight key questions (KQs) was conducted (...) according to established Chest Organization methods by using the following databases: MEDLINE via PubMed, Embase, Scopus, and the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews from January 1, 1984, to April 2014. Searches for KQ 1 and KQ 3 were updated in February 2016. An updated KQ 2 search was undertaken in March 2017.Even where TB prevalence is greatest, most individuals with cough do not have pulmonary TB. There was no evidence that 1, 3, or 4 weeks' duration were better predictors than cough lasting ≥ 2

2018 EvidenceUpdates

13. Clinical pathways for chronic cough in children. (PubMed)

designed to facilitate the management of chronic cough. However, treatment recommendations vary, and specific clinical pathways for the treatment of chronic cough in children are important, as causes of and treatments for cough vary significantly from those in adults. Therefore, systematic evaluation of the use of evidence-based clinical pathways for the management of chronic cough in children would be beneficial for clinical practice and for patient care. Use of a management algorithm can improve (...) Clinical pathways for chronic cough in children. Chronic cough (a cough lasting longer than four weeks) is a common problem internationally. Chronic cough has associated economic costs and is distressing to the child and to parents; ignoring cough may lead to delayed diagnosis and progression of serious underlying respiratory disease. Clinical guidelines have been shown to lead to efficient and effective patient care and can facilitate clinical decision making. Cough guidelines have been

Full Text available with Trip Pro

2014 Cochrane

14. Prevalence of chronic cough and possible causes in the general population based on the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. (PubMed)

Prevalence of chronic cough and possible causes in the general population based on the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Although chronic cough is very common, its prevalence and causes have been rarely reported in the large general population including smokers. This study aimed to identify the prevalence of possible causes of chronic cough and their clinical impact.From Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES) data including 119,280 adults aged (...) ) was identified in 26.4% ± 3.5%. Asthma explained for 14.5% ± 2.8% of chronic cough. Only 4.1% ± 1.6% showed chronic laryngitis suggesting gastro-esophageal reflux-related cough. Abnormalities on chest radiography were found in 4.0% ± 1.2%. Interestingly, 50.3% ± 4.5% of study subjects had coexisting causes. In multivariate analysis, only current smoking (odds ratio [OR] 3.16, P < 0.001), UACS (OR 2.50, P < 0.001), COPD (OR 2.41, P < 0.001), asthma (OR 8.89, P < 0.001), and chest radiographic abnormalities

Full Text available with Trip Pro

2016 Medicine

15. Chronic cough and a normal chest X-ray - a simple systematic approach to exclude common causes before referral to secondary care: a retrospective cohort study (PubMed)

Chronic cough and a normal chest X-ray - a simple systematic approach to exclude common causes before referral to secondary care: a retrospective cohort study Chronic cough is common in the community and can cause significant morbidity. It is not clear how closely treatment guidelines are used in general practice, or how often specialist referral is indicated. We aimed to assess the management of chronic cough in primary care before referral to a cough clinic, and to assess the outcome (...) of managing chronic cough with an approach of simple investigation and empirical treatment trials. Data were extracted from the records of all patients attending a district general hospital respiratory clinic over a two-year period with isolated chronic cough lasting ⩾8 weeks. The clinic assessed symptoms with a cough-severity visual analogue scale and the Leicester Cough Questionnaire. Among 266 patients, the most frequent diagnoses were asthma (29%), gastro-oesophageal reflux (22%) and angiotensin

Full Text available with Trip Pro

2016 NPJ primary care respiratory medicine

16. Chronic Cough Causes

Chronic Cough Causes Chronic Cough Causes Toggle navigation Brain Head & Neck Chest Endocrine Abdomen Musculoskeletal Skin Infectious Disease Hematology & Oncology Cohorts Diagnostics Emergency Findings Procedures Prevention & Management Pharmacy Resuscitation Trauma Emergency Procedures Ultrasound Cardiovascular Emergencies Lung Emergencies Infectious Disease Pediatrics Neurologic Emergencies Skin Exposure Miscellaneous Abuse Cancer Administration 4 Chronic Cough Causes Chronic Cough Causes (...) Aka: Chronic Cough Causes , Chronic Cough Causes in Adults From Related Chapters II. Causes: Common (represents 90% of Chronic Cough Causes) or post nasal drainage (40%) (24%) (15%) or post- tic (11%) abuse Transient airway hyperresponsiveness Post-viral cough Post- tic cough infection is responsible for 20% of severe cough in adults and teens >2 weeks presenting to ED Medication related s (5-20% of patients) s (less common) III. Causes: Less Common Causes of Chronic Cough Cancer disease (4

2018 FP Notebook

17. Chronic Cough Causes in Children

Chronic Cough Causes in Children Chronic Cough Causes in Children Toggle navigation Brain Head & Neck Chest Endocrine Abdomen Musculoskeletal Skin Infectious Disease Hematology & Oncology Cohorts Diagnostics Emergency Findings Procedures Prevention & Management Pharmacy Resuscitation Trauma Emergency Procedures Ultrasound Cardiovascular Emergencies Lung Emergencies Infectious Disease Pediatrics Neurologic Emergencies Skin Exposure Miscellaneous Abuse Cancer Administration 4 Chronic Cough Causes (...) in Children Chronic Cough Causes in Children Aka: Chronic Cough Causes in Children From Related Chapters II. Causes: Chronic Cough in Infancy Airway malformation Tracheoesophageal fistula Primary ciliary Immune deficiency Infection (RSV) (CMV) III. Causes: Chronic Cough in preschool children Reactive changes Postnasal discharge ( ) Passive smoke Infection Viral causes Primary ciliary Immune deficiency IV. Causes: Chronic Cough in school age children (ages 6 to 15 years old) Reactive changes Environmental

2018 FP Notebook

18. Effectiveness of a cough management algorithm at the transitional phase from acute to chronic cough in Australian children aged &lt;15 years: protocol for a randomised controlled trial. (PubMed)

Effectiveness of a cough management algorithm at the transitional phase from acute to chronic cough in Australian children aged <15 years: protocol for a randomised controlled trial. Acute respiratory infections (ARIs) are leading causes of hospitalisation in Australian children and, if recurrent, are associated with increased risk of chronic pulmonary disorders later in life. Chronic (>4 weeks) cough in children following ARI is associated with decreased quality-of-life scores and increased (...) health and societal economic costs. We will determine whether a validated evidence-based cough algorithm, initiated when chronic cough is first diagnosed after presentation with ARI, improves clinical outcomes in children compared with usual care.A multicentre, parallel group, open-label, randomised controlled trial, nested within a prospective cohort study in Southeast Queensland, Australia, is underway. 750 children aged <15 years will be enrolled and followed weekly for 8 weeks after presenting

Full Text available with Trip Pro

2017 BMJ open Controlled trial quality: predicted high

19. Somatic Cough Syndrome (Previously Referred to as Psychogenic Cough) and Tic Cough (Previously Referred to as Habit Cough) in Adults and Children

of somatic cough disorder can only be made aft er an extensive evaluation has been performed that includes ruling out tic disorders and uncommon causes and the patient meets the DSM-5 criteria (see Table 1) for a somatic symptom disorder (Grade 2C) . 10. In children with chronic cough diagnosed with somatic cough disorder (previously referred to as psychogenic cough), we suggest non-pharmacological trials of hypnosis or suggestion therapy or combina- tions of reassurance, counseling, or referral (...) - 486 . 9. C h a n g A B , G a ff n e y J T , E a s t b u r n M M , F a o a g a l i J , Co x N C , M a s t e r s I B . Cough quality in children: a comparison of subjective vs. broncho- scopic fi ndings . Respir Res . 2005 ; 6 : 3 . 10. M e llo CJ , I r win RS , C u rle y FJ . P r edic ti v e val ues o f t h e c h a rac t e r , timing, and complications of chronic cough in diagnosing its cause . Arch Intern Med . 1996 ; 156 ( 9 ): 997 - 1003 . 11. P o w er JT , S t e wa r t I C , C o nna ug h t o n

2015 American College of Chest Physicians

20. Are Antibiotics Effective in the Treatment of Children With Prolonged Wet Cough?

protracted bacterial bronchitis to be the most common cause of wet cough in these patients. x 9 Usta, G.B., Asilsoy, S., and Durmaz, C. The assessment and management of chronic cough in children according to the British Thoracic Society guidelines: descriptive, prospective clinical trial. Clin Respir J . 2014 ; 8 : 330–337 The definition of protracted bacterial bronchitis is prolonged wet cough without signs or symptoms of an alternative cause that responds to 2 weeks of antibiotic therapy. x 9 Usta, G.B (...) . 1993 ; 25 : 323–329 , x 3 Gottfarb, P. and Brauner, A. Children with persistent cough—outcome with treatment and role of Moraxella catarrhalis . Scand J Infect Dis . 1994 ; 26 : 545–551 and 1 in a pediatric respiratory outpatient clinic including children with cough greater than 3 weeks. x 4 Marchant, J., Masters, I.B., Champion, A. et al. Randomised controlled trial of amoxycillin clavulanate in children with chronic wet cough. Thorax . 2012 ; 67 : 689–693 One open randomized study compared

Full Text available with Trip Pro

2019 Annals of Emergency Medicine Systematic Review Snapshots

To help you find the content you need quickly, you can filter your results via the categories on the right-hand side >>>>