How to Trip Rapid Review

Step 1: Select articles relevant to your search (remember the system is only optimised for single intervention studies)

Step 2: press

Step 3: review the result, and maybe amend the or if you know better! If we're unsure of the overall sentiment of the trial we will display the conclusion under the article title. We then require you to tell us what the correct sentiment is.

1,960 results for

Cholesterol Education Resources

by
...
Latest & greatest
Alerts

Export results

Use check boxes to select individual results below

SmartSearch available

Trip's SmartSearch engine has discovered connected searches & results. Click to show

1901. The cost-effectiveness of a cardiovascular risk reduction program in general practice. (PubMed)

). A 'no care' control group was not considered a clinically acceptable alternative to lifestyle interventions. The interventions consisted of an education guide and video for GPs to assess individual patient risk factors and plan a program for risk factor behavior change. Each patient received a risk factor assessment, education materials, a series of videos to watch on lifestyle behaviors and some patients received a self-help booklet. Eighty-two general practitioners were randomised from 75 general (...) , cholesterol and smoking status at entry to trial and after 1 year. Changes in risk factors were used to estimate quality adjusted life years (QALYs) gained. One hundred and thirty patients in the routine care group, 199 in the video group and 155 in the video + self help group remained in the trial at the 12-month review and had complete data. The cost per QALY for males ranged from $AUD152,000 to 204,000. Further analysis suggests that a program targeted at 'high risk' males would cost approximately

1997 Health policy (Amsterdam, Netherlands)

1902. School-based interventions improve heart health in children with multiple cardiovascular disease risk factors. (PubMed)

and either high serum cholesterol or obesity.Both 8-week interventions consisted of a knowledge and attitude program and an adaptation of physical education. The classroom-based intervention was given by regular teachers to all children in the 3rd and 4th grades. The risk-based intervention was given in small groups only to children with identified risk factors. Children in the control group received usual teaching and physical education.The primary outcome measure was cholesterol; additional measures (...) were blood pressure, body mass index, body fat, eating and activity habits, and health knowledge.Both interventions produced large reductions in cholesterol (-10.1 mg/dL and -11.7 mg/dL) compared with a small drop (-2.3 mg/dL) in the controls. There was a trend for systolic blood pressure to increase less in both intervention groups than in the controls. Both intervention groups had a small reduction in body fat and higher health knowledge than the control group.Both brief interventions can improve

1998 Pediatrics

1903. Effective control of hypercholesterolemia in children with dietary interventions based in pediatric practice. (PubMed)

with hypercholesterolemia (> 185 mg/dl) two interventions: one single or four multiple 90-min sessions of family-oriented nutritional education, based in pediatric practices. We examined total cholesterol, 3-day food records, height and weight, and in the multisession group high-density lipoprotein cholesterol and triglycerides at the beginning and at intervals of 8.5-9 and 21 to 33 weeks (single-session and multisession groups, respectively).Total cholesterol was lowered equally in both treatment groups over (...) Effective control of hypercholesterolemia in children with dietary interventions based in pediatric practice. Based on recent recommendations, the number of hypercholesterolemic children who would require dietary therapy could overwhelm current preventive pediatric cardiology resources. No previous studies have established the efficacy of such therapy in the pediatrician's office. The purpose of this study was to evaluate two programs of office-based therapy.We randomly assigned 295 children

1993 Preventive Medicine

1904. A family approach to cardiovascular risk reduction: results from the San Diego Family Health Project. (PubMed)

randomized to a year-long educational intervention designed to decrease the whole family's intake of high salt, high fat foods, and to increase their regular physical activity. Eighty-nine percent of the enrolled families were measured at the 24-month follow-up. Both Mexican- and Anglo-American families in the experimental groups gained significantly more knowledge of the skills required to change dietary and exercise habits than did those in the control groups. Experimental families in both ethnic (...) groups reported improved eating habits on a food frequency index. Anglo families reported lower total fat and sodium intake. There were no significant group differences in reported physical activity or in tested cardiovascular fitness levels. Significant differences for Anglo-American experimental vs. control adult subjects were found for LDL cholesterol. Significant intervention-control differences ranging from 2.2 to 3.4 mmHg systolic and/or diastolic blood pressure were found in all subgroups

1989 Health education quarterly

1905. The Effect of Anti-HIV Therapy on Fat Metabolism in HIV-Positive Patients

provided by (Responsible Party): National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID) Study Details Study Description Go to Brief Summary: The purpose of this study is to see how taking certain anti-HIV drugs affects the way the body metabolizes fat. This study will evaluate patients who are enrolled in CPCRA 058 (the FIRST [Flexible Initial Retrovirus Suppressive Therapies] study) by looking for changes in cholesterol levels, levels of fat in the blood, and body fat distribution. Patients (...) in the FIRST study receive an anti-HIV drug regimen which contains a protease inhibitor (PI), a nonnucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor (NNRTI), or both. Anti-HIV drug therapy using PIs has become very common treatment for HIV-positive patients. Recently, however, serious side effects involving how the body uses fat are being reported in patients taking PIs. Examples of these side effects are a redistribution of body fat, high cholesterol level, and development of diabetes. However, some

1999 Clinical Trials

1906. Multiple Risk Factor Intervention Trial for the Prevention of Coronary Heart Disease (MRFIT)

of Minnesota - Clinical and Translational Science Institute Collaborator: National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI) Information provided by: University of Minnesota - Clinical and Translational Science Institute Study Details Study Description Go to Brief Summary: To determine for a group of men at high risk of death from coronary heart disease whether a special intervention program to lower serum cholesterol, reduce blood pressure, and eliminate cigarette smoking would result in a significant (...) Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine related topics: Arms and Interventions Go to Outcome Measures Go to Eligibility Criteria Go to Information from the National Library of Medicine Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information

1999 Clinical Trials

1907. Harvard Atherosclerosis Reversibility Project (HARP)

. Randomization was stratified by medical or surgical treatment for coronary disease and the ratio of total to HDL cholesterol. The primary outcome variable was change in minimal diameter of coronary artery lesions expressed as a continuous variable. During the initial hospital stay for catheterization, dietary instruction was provided to every patient according to the National Cholesterol Education Program (NCEP) Step 1 guidelines. A seven-day diet record was collected at the randomization visit and every (...) Study Description Go to Brief Summary: To determine by sequential coronary arteriography whether a lipid-lowering diet with and without lipid-lowering drugs could reverse coronary artery disease in normocholesterolemic patients. Also, to test whether fish oil supplements could improve human coronary atherosclerosis. Finally, to determine the effect of combination therapy with lipid-reducing drugs in patients with coronary heart disease and "normal" cholesterol levels. At least three clinical trials

1999 Clinical Trials

1908. Diet and Exercise for Elevated Risk (DEER)

to Brief Summary: To determine the effect in men and postmenopausal women with elevated LDL-cholesterol and low HDL-cholesterol of an exercise regimen with or without the National Cholesterol Education Program (NCEP) Step Two diet compared to usual care control group on HDL- and LDL-cholesterol. Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase Cardiovascular Diseases Heart Diseases Hypercholesterolemia Postmenopause Behavioral: diet, fat-restricted Behavioral: exercise Phase 3 Detailed Description (...) : BACKGROUND: The NCEP is a major public education program providing advice to physicians and the public on management and prevention of coronary heart disease. However, data supporting the advice are derived primarily from middle-aged men, with less data available for women and older individuals. Furthermore, there have been recent reports that when low saturated fat diets such as the NCEP Step One and NCEP Step Two diets, are followed, HDL-cholesterol is lowered as well as LDL-cholesterol. DESIGN

1999 Clinical Trials

1909. Exercise Training and Plasma Lipoproteins in Man

randomized to a control group, a hypocaloric National Cholesterol Education Program (NCEP) diet, or to a hypocaloric NCEP diet with exercise. One hundred nineteen of the men and 112 of the women returned for testing after one year. Study Design Go to Layout table for study information Study Type : Interventional (Clinical Trial) Allocation: Randomized Primary Purpose: Prevention Study Start Date : July 1982 Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine related topics: Arms and Interventions (...) ) Sexes Eligible for Study: All Accepts Healthy Volunteers: No Criteria Men and women, ages 25-49. Subjects were overweight with blood pressure less than 160/95 mm Hg and total cholesterol less than 260 mm/dl. Contacts and Locations Go to No Contacts or Locations Provided More Information Go to Publications: Stefanick ML, Frey-Hewitt B, Hoover CA, et al: The Effect of Active Weight Loss Achieved by Dieting Versus Exercise on Postheparin Hepatic and Lipoprotein Lipase Activity. In: Human Obesity

1999 Clinical Trials

1910. Racial Differences in Control of Blood Vessel Tone and Blood Flow

of Health Clinical Center (CC) Study Details Study Description Go to Brief Summary: Black Americans tend to die more often from and have more diseases associated with heart disease than White Americans. The exact cause of this is unknown, but it is likely a combination of genetics, behavior, risk factors, strategies for education and prevention, and socioeconomic factors. Recent studies have suggested that faster biological processes in blood vessels of Black Americans may be the cause of increased (...) and heart related deaths in blacks. Condition or disease Atherosclerosis Healthy Hypertension Detailed Description: Black Americans have a greater morbidity and mortality related to cardiovascular diseases compared to whites. The cause for this phenomenon is probably multifactorial and includes differences in pathogenesis, risk factor patterns, genetic background, behavioral variables, strategies for education and prevention, and socioeconomic factors. Recent evidence suggests that acceleration of some

1999 Clinical Trials

1911. Safety and Efficacy of Xenical in Children and Adolescents With Obesity-Related Diseases

-resistance, impaired glucose tolerance, or Type 2 diabetes). Under this protocol, we have conducted an open-label pilot study of orlistat in twenty subjects, suggesting orlistat has a similar side effect profile in adolescents as in adults. We wish to determine the safety and efficacy of orlistat in reducing obesity-related comorbidities using a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial. All study participants will be enrolled in a psycho-educational weight loss program that includes (...) nutrition education, cognitive-behavioral self-monitoring strategies, and promotion of physical activity. We will also study the effects of orlistat on fat preferences, and study the influence of genetic variables on energy expenditure and weight loss during treatment. A group of healthy, non-overweight children and adolescents will complete questionnaires and exercise studies as a control group for interpretation of results in overweight children and adolescents, but will not undergo phlebotomy

1999 Clinical Trials

1912. Characterizing nutrient intakes of children by sociodemographic factors. (PubMed)

most often consumed below recommended levels. Percentage of calories from fat and saturated fat and mean sodium intakes were above recommended levels for the majority of the children. Of the total sample, 81 percent met guidelines for cholesterol intakes. Multiple correlation regression analysis was used to determine the effect of the following factors on the children's nutrient intakes: geographic region, degree of urbanization, race, household size and income, age, education, and employment (...) status of the male and female head of household. Age and sex of the child were entered as control variables. Level of urbanization affected the most nutrient intake variables, followed by race. Living in a rural area and being black were significant predictors for higher intakes of total fat, saturated fat, cholesterol, and sodium. Mean annual household income had no significant effect on any of the diet quality measures. Many of the children in the sample, however, participated in Federal food

Full Text available with Trip Pro

1994 Public Health Reports

1913. The Washington Heights-Inwood Healthy Heart Program: a 6-year report from a disadvantaged urban setting. (PubMed)

The Washington Heights-Inwood Healthy Heart Program: a 6-year report from a disadvantaged urban setting. This report summarizes 6 years of experience in a large community-based cardiovascular disease prevention program in a predominately minority, urban setting.The program seeks to reduce cardiovascular disease risk factors in an area of approximately 240,000 people in New York, NY; this population includes many Latino immigrants of low educational attainment and socioeconomic status. All (...) program materials were in Spanish and English and at a low literacy level.Major elements that achieved high levels of reach and support were a marketing campaign promoting low-fat milk, exercise clubs, and a Spanish-language smoking cessation video. Program elements that did not meet expectations or were abandoned were school-based smoking prevention initiatives, cholesterol screening, and efforts to involve local physicians. At the end of 6 years, the program was transferred to a local community

Full Text available with Trip Pro

1996 American Journal of Public Health

1914. Preventing cardiovascular disease through community-based risk reduction: the Bootheel Heart Health Project. (PubMed)

Preventing cardiovascular disease through community-based risk reduction: the Bootheel Heart Health Project. The purpose of this study was to determine whether a community-based risk reduction project affected behavioral risk factors for cardiovascular disease.Community-based activities (e.g., exercise groups, healthy cooking demonstrations, blood pressure and cholesterol screenings, and cardiovascular disease education) were conducted in six southeastern Missouri counties. Evaluation involved (...) for reports of cholesterol screening within the past 2 years were higher for respondents in areas with coalitions and among persons who were aware of the coalitions.Even with modest resources, community-based interventions show promise in reducing self-reported risk for cardiovascular disease within a relatively brief period.

Full Text available with Trip Pro

1996 American Journal of Public Health

1915. An economic analysis of the Atorvastatin Comparative Cholesterol Efficacy and Safety Study (ACCESS)

population The study population comprised patients with a low-density lipoprotein-cholesterol (LDL-C) level at least 30 mg/dL higher than the National Cholesterol Education Panel II (NCEP) target (stratified by risk factors) and a fasting triglyceride level of less than 400 mg/dL. The patients also had a confirmed negative serum pregnancy test. The exclusion criteria were known hypersensitivity to statins, use of prohibited medications (including cholesterol drugs not prescribed in the protocol), acute (...) Andrews TC, Ballantyne CM, Hsia JA, et al. Achieving and maintaining National Cholesterol Education Program low-density lipoprotein cholesterol goals with five statins. American Journal of Medicine 2001;111:185-91. Koren MJ, Smith DG, Hunninghake DB, et al. The cost of reaching the National Cholesterol Education Program (NCEP) goals in hypercholesterolaemic patients: a comparison of atorvastatin, simvastatin, lavastatin and fluvastatin. Pharmacoeconomics 1998;14:59-70. Smith DG, Leslie SJ, Szucs TD

2003 NHS Economic Evaluation Database.

1916. Patient acceptance of educational voice messages: a review of controlled clinical studies

criteria were not explicitly defined in terms of the participants. The participants in the included studies were adults, adolescents, children and caregivers from a variety of language, ethnic and cultural backgrounds. Outcomes assessed in the review Studies that assessed health outcomes or utilisation of health care resources were eligible for inclusion. The included studies assessed cholesterol level, satisfaction with system, completion of self-assessments, depression, self-efficacy, compliance (...) Patient acceptance of educational voice messages: a review of controlled clinical studies Patient acceptance of educational voice messages: a review of controlled clinical studies Patient acceptance of educational voice messages: a review of controlled clinical studies Krishna S, Balas E A, Boren S A, Maglaveras N Authors' objectives The authors assessed the effect of automated computer-based telephone messaging technology in delivering health care information to the patients. Searching Best

2002 DARE.

1917. A model educational program for people with type 2 diabetes: a cooperative Latin American implementation study (PEDNID-LA)

A model educational program for people with type 2 diabetes: a cooperative Latin American implementation study (PEDNID-LA) A model educational program for people with type 2 diabetes: a cooperative Latin American implementation study (PEDNID-LA) A model educational program for people with type 2 diabetes: a cooperative Latin American implementation study (PEDNID-LA) Gagliardino J J, Etchegoyen G Record Status This is a critical abstract of an economic evaluation that meets the criteria (...) for inclusion on NHS EED. Each abstract contains a brief summary of the methods, the results and conclusions followed by a detailed critical assessment on the reliability of the study and the conclusions drawn. Health technology The health intervention examined in the study was an educational programme for people with type 2 diabetes. The programme was based on four weekly teaching units (90-120 minutes each, providing general concepts about diabetes, self-monitoring, foot examinations, and booklets

2001 NHS Economic Evaluation Database.

1918. Effect of pravastatin-to-simvastatin conversion on low-density-lipoprotein cholesterol

for treatment completers only. A fasting lipoprotein profile was obtained at baseline and approximately 6 weeks after switching to the simvastatin therapy. The measures of clinical effectiveness were the change in cholesterol level, the proportion of patients reaching their LDL cholesterol goal, and the probability of coronary heart disease (CHD) over 10 years. The patients' goal for the LDL cholesterol level was specified by the National Cholesterol Education Programme. It was determined after identifying (...) <0.001). Clinical conclusions Changing the treatment from pravastatin to simvastatin resulted in a statistically significant improvement in the LDL cholesterol levels. Measure of benefits used in the economic analysis The study should be categorised as a cost-consequences analysis since no summary measure of benefit was reported. Direct costs The direct costs were not discounted since they were only incurred over one year. The resource use costs used in the analysis were those for drug acquisition

2001 NHS Economic Evaluation Database.

1919. Reference standardization and analytical performance of a liquid homogeneous high-density lipoprotein cholesterol method compared with chemical precipitation method

-fasting. Effectiveness results It was reported that the analytic precision of the LN-gen HDL-C assay (with within-run and between-run coefficients of variation (CV) of less than 1% and 2.06%, respectively) fulfilled the 1998 National Cholesterol Education Program (NCEP) targets of CV equal to or less than 4% at the HDL-C level greater than or equal to 0.42 g/L and an SD of less than or equal to 0.017 at the HDL-C level of less than 0.42 g/L. In the comparison between liquid N-geneous HDL-C and DCM (...) Reference standardization and analytical performance of a liquid homogeneous high-density lipoprotein cholesterol method compared with chemical precipitation method Reference standardization and analytical performance of a liquid homogeneous high-density lipoprotein cholesterol method compared with chemical precipitation method Reference standardization and analytical performance of a liquid homogeneous high-density lipoprotein cholesterol method compared with chemical precipitation method

1999 NHS Economic Evaluation Database.

1920. Cost-effectiveness of cholesterol-lowering therapies according to selected patient characteristics

on NHS EED. Each abstract contains a brief summary of the methods, the results and conclusions followed by a detailed critical assessment on the reliability of the study and the conclusions drawn. Health technology Cholesterol-lowering therapies recommended by the National Cholesterol Education Program Expert Panel on Detection, Evaluation, and Treatment of High Blood Cholesterol in Adults. The interventions were step I diet and statin therapy. Type of intervention Primary prevention and secondary (...) prevention. Economic study type Cost-utility analysis. Study population Women and men, 35 to 84 years of age, with low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol levels of 4.1 mmol/L or higher. Setting Community. The economic study was set in the USA. Dates to which data relate Effectiveness and resource use data were collected from studies published between 1987 and 1997. Cost data were collected from 1990-1997 sources. The price year was 1997. Source of effectiveness data Effectiveness data were derived

2000 NHS Economic Evaluation Database.

To help you find the content you need quickly, you can filter your results via the categories on the right-hand side >>>>