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261. Acute and Chronic Heart Failure

of educational tools and implementation programmes for the recommendations. To implement the guidelines, condensed pocket guidelines versions, summary slides, booklets with essential messages, summary cards for non-specialists, and an electronic version for digital applications (smartphones, etc.) are produced. These versions are abridged and thus, if needed, one should always refer to the full text version, which is freely available on the ESC website. The National Cardiac Societies of the ESC (...) patients, their families and clinicians decide on the appropriate type and timing of therapies (in particular, decisions about a rapid transition to advanced therapies) and assists with planning of health and social services and resources. Numerous prognostic markers of death and/or HF hospitalization have been identified in patients with HF ( Web Table 3.5 ). However, their clinical applicability is limited and precise risk stratification in HF remains challenging. In recent decades, several

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2016 European Society of Cardiology

262. Dyslipidaemias

estimation model from the Scottish Intercollegiate Guidelines Network ASTRONOMER Aortic Stenosis Progression Observation: Measuring Effects of Rosuvastatin AURORA A study to evaluate the Use of Rosuvastatin in subjects On Regular haemodialysis: an Assessment of survival and cardiovascular events BIP Bezafibrate Infarction Prevention study BMI body mass index CABG coronary artery bypass graft surgery CAC coronary artery calcium CAD coronary artery disease CARE Cholesterol and Recurrent Events CETP (...) cholesteryl ester transfer protein CHD coronary heart disease CIMT carotid intima-media thickness CK creatine kinase CKD chronic kidney disease CTT Cholesterol Treatment Trialists CV cardiovascular CVD cardiovascular disease CYP cytochrome P450 4D Die Deutsche Diabetes Dialyse DASH Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension DGAT-2 diacylglycerol acyltransferase-2 DHA docosahexaenoic acid DLCN Dutch Lipid Clinic Network EAS European Atherosclerosis Society EMA European Medicines Agency EPA eicosapentaenoic

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2016 European Society of Cardiology

263. The 2017 hormone therapy position statement of The North American Menopause Society

and Gynaecologists of Canada, South African Menopause Society, Taiwanese Menopause Society, and the Thai Menopause Society. The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists supports the value of this clinical document as an educational tool, June 2017. The British Menopause Society supports this Position Statement. Received April 5, 2017; revised and accepted April 6, 2017. This position statement was developed by The North American Meno- pauseSociety2017HormoneTherapyPositionStatementAdvisoryPanel (...) ,APRN,FNP-BC,NCMP,FAANP;RobertL.Reid,MD; PhillipM.Sarrel,MD;JanL.Shifren,MD,NCMP;CynthiaA.Stuenkel, MD, NCMP; and Wulf H. Utian, MD, PhD, DSc (Med). The Board of Trusteesconductedanindependentreviewandrevisionandapprovedthe position statement. This position statement was made possible by donations to the NAMS Education & Research Fund. There was no commercial support. Address correspondence to The North American Menopause Society; 30100 Chagrin Blvd., Suite 210; Pepper Pike, OH 44124. E-mail: info

2017 The North American Menopause Society

264. Diagnosis and management of Silver-Russell syndrome: 1st international consensus statement

as fundraising for, advising and presenting to families, curating a patient database and supporting translational research, she has written educational materials for physicians and patients, including co-authoring the major resource: RSS/SGA – A Comprehensive Guide: Understanding aspects of children diagnosed with Russell–Silver syndrome or born small-for-gestational-age (2009, ISBN No. 978-615-23362-8). She has 2 PubMed publications. , Jet Bliek is Laboratory Lead, Academic Medical Center Department (...) -up growth of SGA children. Her research interests include growth and imprinting disorders. She has 54 PubMed publications, including North European small for gestational age study (NESGAS) findings. , Jennifer B. Salem is Research Director, RSS/SGA Research & Education Fund, The MAGIC Foundation, USA. Her focus is on expanding research and educational tools related to Silver–Russell syndrome and small for gestational age growth failure for the benefit of physicians and families worldwide. As well

2017 Pediatric Endocrine Society

266. Self-Care for the Prevention and Management of Cardiovascular Disease and Stroke

diet X X X X X X Maintain low cholesterol X X X X X X Maintain normal blood pressure X X X X X X Maintain normal fasting plasma glucose X X X X X X Reduce dietary sodium intake X X X X X X Decrease alcohol use X X X X X X Gaining knowledge Seek information about the condition X X X X X X Determine where to get more information X X X X X X Understand self‐care requirements X X X X X X Adherence to condition‐specific treatments Take medications as prescribed X X X X X X Know normal and side effects (...) Simple 7” (ie, smoking cessation, maintenance of body mass index [BMI], physical activity, healthy diet, maintaining low cholesterol, maintaining normal blood pressure [BP], and maintaining normal fasting plasma glucose). These behaviors have been shown to reduce incident stroke, HF, venous thromboembolism, and chronic kidney disease, and even incident cognitive impairment and non‐CVD. Self‐Care as a Decision‐Making Process Self‐care is most commonly understood as a naturalistic decision‐making

2017 American Heart Association

267. Meditation and Cardiovascular Risk Reduction

outcome, strive to achieve low dropout rates, include long‐term follow‐up, and be performed by those without inherent bias in outcome. Introduction Despite numerous advances in the prevention and treatment of atherosclerosis, cardiovascular disease (CVD) remains a leading cause of morbidity and mortality in the United States and the developed world. Although educational, lifestyle modifying, and pharmacological interventions have lowered the prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors, most Americans (...) in blood pressure (5/3 mm Hg, respectively) did occur in those at high risk of the development of hypertension. In a randomized study of stress reduction in 201 black men and women with angiographically documented coronary artery disease randomized to Transcendental Meditation or health education, 5.4‐year follow‐up found a 4.9 mm Hg lower systolic blood pressure, 1 of numerous secondary study end points, in those randomized to Transcendental Meditation than in those randomized to health education

2017 American Heart Association

268. Endocrine Treatment of Gender-Dysphoric/Gender-Incongruent Persons: An Endocrine Society Clinical Practice Guideline

gender. (2 |⊕⊕○○) 3.4. We suggest that endocrinologists provide education to transgender individuals undergoing treatment about the onset and time course of physical changes induced by sex hormone treatment. (2 |⊕○○○) 4.0 Adverse outcome prevention and long-term care 4.1. We suggest regular clinical evaluation for physical changes and potential adverse changes in response to sex steroid hormones and laboratory monitoring of sex steroid hormone levels every 3 months during the first year of hormone (...) of their options for fertility preservation. Prior to treatment, clinicians should evaluate the presence of medical conditions that may be worsened by hormone depletion and/or treatment. A multidisciplinary team, preferably composed of medical and mental health professionals, should monitor treatments. Clinicians evaluating transgender adults for endocrine treatment should confirm the diagnosis of persistent gender dysphoria/gender incongruence. Physicians should educate transgender persons regarding the time

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2017 Pediatric Endocrine Society

269. HTA of smoking cessation interventions

– Monitoring the safety and quality of health services and investigating as necessary serious concerns about the health and welfare of people who use these services. ? Health Technology Assessment – Providing advice that enables the best outcome for people who use our health service and the best use of resources by evaluating the clinical effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of drugs, equipment, diagnostic techniques and health promotion and protection activities. ? Health Information – Advising (...) on the efficient and secure collection and sharing of health information, setting standards, evaluating information resources and publishing information about the delivery and performance of Ireland’s health and social care service. Health Technology Assessment (HTA) of smoking cessation interventions Health Information and Quality Authority 4 Foreword Given the higher risk of disease and death in smokers, the economic cost of smoking in Ireland is substantial. In 2013, the estimated cost to the healthcare

2017 Health Information and Quality Authority

270. European Society of Endocrinology Clinical practice guidelines for the care of girls and women with Turner syndrome

Translational Sciences, Cincinnati Children’s Hospital Medical Center’s TS Foundation, as well as several advocacy groups (TS Society of the United States, the TS Global Alliance and the Turner Resource Network). The chairs of the consensus working group, Claus H Gravholt and Philippe F Backeljauw, were appointed by the ESE Clinical Committee and PES respectively. Other members of the working and writing group are Niels H Andersen (adult cardiologist), Gerard S Conway (adult endocrinologist), Olaf M Dekkers

2017 European Society of Endocrinology

271. Lipid Management in Adults

), approximately 71 million Americans have high LDL cholesterol and only one out of three of those with high LDL has the condition under control (CDC Fact Sheet). Fewer than 50% of adults with elevated LDL get treatment (CDC Fact Sheet). High cholesterol is a key risk factor for heart disease. Given the prevalence of hyperlipidemia and heart disease, the impact on patients and caregivers, and the health care resources they demand, clinical guidelines are critical to standardizing and improving care throughout (...) . Statin Safety e. Optimizing Statin Therapy f. Monitoring Statin Therapy g. Insufficient Response to Statin Therapy ACC/AHA full citation: Stone N, Robinson J, Lichtenstein A, et al. 2013 ACC/AHA guideline on the treatment of blood cholesterol to reduce atherosclerotic cardiovascular risk in adults: a report of the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association Task Force on Practice Guidelines. J Am Coll Cardiol 2014;63:2889-2934. USPSTF full citation: US Preventive Services Task Force

2017 Institute for Clinical Systems Improvement

272. Guidance addressing all aspects of the care of people with schizophrenia and related disorders. Includes correct diagnosis, symptom relief and recovery of social function

domains that do not co-vary over time need to be independently assessed: symptom severity, functional 8 First published in Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry 2016, Vol. 50(5) 1-117. impairment (including cognitive deficits) and social and occupational disability. The onset is usually in adolescence and early adult life, coinciding with a developmental stage of incomplete social maturation, educational attainment and acquisition of occupational skills (see Section 1. The stages (...) , with aggregated SMR of 9.6 for men and 6.8 for women (Saha et al., 2007). Several risk factors have been suggested that are relatively specific to schizophrenia: the combination of young age and male sex, high level of education, the presence of insight, family history of suicide, substance use and the presence of depressive symptoms, hallucinations and delusions (Hor and Taylor, 2010). In an Australian study (Lawrence et al., 2000), the highest suicide risk was found in the first 7 days after discharge from

2016 Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists

273. CVD Prevention in Clinical Practice

, such as subjects with a family history of premature CVD orfamilial hyperlipidaemia. While the ideal scenario would be for all adults to have their risk assessed,this is not practical in many societies. The decision about who to screen mustbe made by individual countries and will be resource dependent. In a meta-analysis, GP-based health checks on cholesterol, BP, body mass index(BMI) and smoking were effective in improving surrogate outcomes, especially inhigh-risk patients. Alarge study of CV risk assessment (...) ; DM = diabetesmellitus; HDL-C = high-density lipoprotein cholesterol; JBS =Joint British Societies; LDL-C = low-density lipoproteincholesterol; NCEP = National Cholesterol Education Program; NICE= National Institute for Health and Care Excellence; no. cigs =number of cigarettes; PROCAM = Prospective CardiovascularMunster Study; SBP = systolic blood pressure; SIGN = ScottishIntercollegiate Guidelines Network; SHHEC = Scottish HeartHealth Extended Cohort. Table 2 (continued) ACC = American College

2016 European Society of Cardiology

274. Occupational Therapists' Use of Occupation Focused Practice in Secure Hospitals

www.RCOT.co.uk The Royal College of Occupational Therapists is a wholly owned subsidiary of the British Association of Occupational Therapists (BAOT) and operates as a registered charity. It represents the profession nationally and internationally, and contributes widely to policy consultations throughout the UK. The College sets the professional and educational standards for occupational therapy, providing leadership, guidance and information relating to research and development, education, practice (...) Potential impact of the recommendations 45 6 Patient perspectives of the guideline 46 6.1 Patient consultation 2012 46 6.2 Patient consultation 2016 47 7 Implementation of the guideline 49 7.1 Dissemination and promotion 49 7.2 Organisational and financial barriers 49 7.3 Implementation resources 51 8 Recommendations for future research 53 NICE has accredited the process used by the Royal College of Occupational Therapists to produce its practice guidelines. Accreditation is valid for five years from

2018 British Association of Occupational Therapists

275. Dementia, disability and frailty in later life - mid-life approaches to delay or prevent onset

1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12,13,14,15 Employers, occupational health services, human resource departments, trade unions, third and private sector organisations who support workplace health 15 Health Education England 3,13,14,15 Dementia, disability and frailty in later life – mid-life approaches to delay or prevent onset (NG16) © NICE 2019. All rights reserved. Subject to Notice of rights (https://www.nice.org.uk/terms-and- conditions#notice-of-rights). Page 18 of 62Local education and training boards, health and social care (...) and fr wareness of risk of dementia, disability and frailty ailty Public Health England, Health Education England and NHS England should: Commission national, regional and local campaigns aimed at the public and health and social care professionals to show how the risk of dementia, disability and frailty can be reduced and to promote the concept of keeping mentally and physically healthy. Campaigns should use a range of media and formats to reach as many people as possible. See NICE's pathway

2015 National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence - Clinical Guidelines

276. Type 1 diabetes in adults: diagnosis and management

and resource-effective, has supporting materials, and is written down. It is delivered by trained educators who have an understanding of educational theory appropriate to the age and needs of the person, and who are trained and competent to deliver the principles and content of the programme. It is quality assured, and reviewed by trained, competent, independent assessors who measure it against criteria that ensure consistency. The outcomes are audited regularly. [new 2015] [new 2015] 1.3.5 Explain (...) is it for? 5 Introduction 6 Reasons for the update 6 Medicines 8 Patient-centred care 9 Key priorities for implementation 10 Education and information 10 Blood glucose management 10 Insulin therapy 11 Awareness and management of hypoglycaemia 11 Care of adults with type 1 diabetes in hospital 11 1 Recommendations 12 Blood glucose and plasma glucose 12 1.1 Diagnosis and early care plan 12 1.2 Support and individualised care 15 1.3 Education and information 17 1.4 Dietary management 18 1.5 Physical activity

2015 National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence - Clinical Guidelines

277. Cardiovascular disease: risk assessment and reduction, including lipid modification

prevention of CVD 14 1.3 Lipid modification therapy for the primary and secondary prevention of CVD 17 T erms used in this guideline 26 2 Implementation: getting started 27 2.1 Measuring non-high density lipoprotein cholesterol when lipid profiling for the primary prevention of cardiovascular disease 27 2.2 Reduction of the primary prevention threshold from 20% to 10% CVD risk as calculated by QRISK2 28 2.3 Atorvastatin for the primary and secondary prevention of CVD 29 2.4 Further resources 30 More (...) procedures. Challenges for implementation Challenges for implementation The United Kingdom National External Quality Assessment Service (UKNEQAS) estimated that less than 10% of laboratories included non-HDL cholesterol in their reports; however, this was primarily due to lack of demand. Healthcare workers may need educating in what the non-HDL cholesterol test means, how to interpret the laboratory results, and how it compares with the previously used LDL cholesterol test. Support for implementation

2014 National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence - Clinical Guidelines

278. Physical activity: exercise referral schemes

-hour sessions per week the techniques used, for example, some use additional 'supportive' techniques such as 'motivational interviewing' and education sessions Physical activity: exercise referral schemes (PH54) © NICE 2018. All rights reserved. Subject to Notice of rights (https://www.nice.org.uk/terms-and- conditions#notice-of-rights). Page 24 of 46the target group, for example, people who are overweight and obese, people with raised blood pressure or cholesterol levels or those experiencing mild (...) programmes in the management of, and rehabilitation following, a health condition 11 Box 2 The importance of physical activity in promoting good health and preventing disease 12 2 Who should take action? 13 Introduction 13 Who should do what at a glance 13 3 Context 14 Introduction 14 Lack of physical activity: the costs 15 National guidelines, resources and indicators 15 4 Considerations 17 Background 17 Evidence of effectiveness 18 Economic modelling 19 Scenarios of effectiveness 21 Physical activity

2014 National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence - Clinical Guidelines

279. Developing evidence informed, employer-led workplace health

Developing evidence informed, employer-led workplace health Developing evidence-informed, employer-led workplace health Ginny Brunton, Kelly Dickson, Meena Khatwa, Jenny Caird, Sandy Oliver, Kate Hinds, James Thomas EPPI-Centre Social Science Research Unit UCL Institute of Education University College London September 2016 Final report Department of Health Reviews Facility To support national policy development and implementation The Department of Health Reviews Facility is a collaboration (...) between the following centres of excellence Authors: Ginny Brunton, Kelly Dickson, Meena Khatwa, Jenny Caird, Sandy Oliver, Kate Hinds, James Thomas (EPPI-Centre, Social Science Research Unit, UCL Institute of Education, University College London) For further details, please contact: Ginny Brunton Evidence for Policy and Practice Information and Co-ordinating Centre (EPPI-Centre) Social Science Research Unit (SSRU) UCL Institute of Education, University College London 18 Woburn Square London WC1H 0NR

2016 EPPI Centre

280. The Association of Coloproctology of Great Britain and Ireland Consensus Guidelines in Surgery for Inflammatory Bowel Disease

and especially patient submission of their own outcomes are key areas for future development . The ideal scenario would be composite databases with dual data entry interfaces for both clinician and individual patient to contribute. Statement 1.11 Standard of care for IBD patients undergoing surgery should include registration in prospectively managed and adequately resourced national databases with inclusion of short‐ and long‐term outcome data to allow comparative audit of agreed key performance indicators

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2018 Association of Coloproctology of Great Britain and Ireland

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