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Child Safety Seat

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141. Professional Practice Guidelines for the Psychological Practice with Boys and Men

). The APA also has developed guidelines for psycho- logical practice in health care delivery systems (2013a), forensic psychology (2013b), and psychological evaluation in child protection matters (2013c). These guidelines serve to (a) improve service delivery among populations, (b) stimulate public policy initiatives, and (c) provide professional guidance based on advances in the field. Accordingly, the present doc- ument offers guidelines for psychological practice with boys and men.2 APA | Guidelines (...) they may face from peers (Kosciw, Greytak, Giga, Villenas, & Danischewski, 2016). These experiences may lead to mental health problems, including depres- sive symptoms (Dank, Lachman, Zweig, & Yahner, 2014), self-injury (dickey, Reisner, & Juntunen, 2015) and suicidality (Clements- Nolle, Marx, & Katz, 2006). Furthermore, policing of masculinity expression in boys by their caregivers tends to be ineffective and emotionally damaging to the child, and creates tension in the relationship (Hill & Menvielle

2019 American Psychological Association

142. The Nanny State Debate: A Place Where Words Don't Do Justice

, or preferences. ‘Hard’ refers to the coercive nature of the measure. ‘Pater- nalism’ refers to its comparability to persons with parental responsibility knowing what is best for their children. We might think here, for example, of laws that require us to wear seat belts even if we would not wish to do so. In these instances, the law is based on a policy that holds that, whatever we may think, our interests are served by using a seatbelt. And if we act against that view by not wearing a seatbelt (...) , or preferences. ‘Hard’ refers to the coercive nature of the measure. ‘Paternalism’ refers to its comparability to persons with parental responsibility knowing what is best for their children. We might think here, for example, of laws that require us to wear seat belts even if we would not wish to do so. 11 In these instances, the law is based on a policy that holds that, whatever we may think, our interests are served by using a seatbelt. And if we act against that view by not wearing a seatbelt

2019 Faculty of Public Health

143. Review of the New Strategic Direction for Alcohol and Drugs – Phase 2

initiatives in areas such as homeless, policing, community safety, child protection and youth justice. The Drug and Alcohol Monitoring 19 Institute of Public Health in Ireland Information System (DAMIS) was perceived as a flagship innovation within NSD-2 implementation. ? Some participants considered that a focus on regional approaches and a lack of authority and resources at local level made local innovation difficult. Equity ? The perceptions of participants were explored in terms of how equity issues (...) that provide support to those affected by alcohol and drug misuse, and their families. Members include: Addiction NI, Dunlewey, Contact NI, Start360, Ascert, Extern, Simon Community, De Paul Ireland, First Housing, Northlands and Carlisle House. ? Remove All Prescription and Illegal Drugs (RAPID): a health and community safety focused initiative that promotes and facilitates the removal of all types of prescription and illegal drugs from the local community. ? Rapid Assessment and Interface Discharge (RAID

2019 Institute of Public Health in Ireland

144. Chronic Pelvic Pain

al. Chronic pelvic pain and previous sexual abuse. Obstet Gynecol, 2000. 96: 929. 50. Angst, J. Sexual problems in healthy and depressed persons. Int Clin Psychopharmacol, 1998. 13 Suppl 6: S1. 51. Leonard, L.M., et al. Sexual functioning in women reporting a history of child sexual abuse: review of the empirical literature and clinical implications. Annu Rev Sex Res, 2002. 13: 346. 52. McGowan, L., et al. Chronic pelvic pain: A meta-analytic review. Psychol Health, 1998. 13: 937. 53. Roelofs, K (...) with prostatitis: a population-based cross-sectional study in Finland. BJU Int, 2001. 88: 35. 134. O'Leary, M.P., et al. A brief male sexual function inventory for urology. Urology, 1995. 46: 697. 135. Weidner, W., et al. Acute bacterial prostatitis and chronic prostatitis/chronic pelvic pain syndrome: andrological implications. Andrologia, 2008. 40: 105. 136. van Ophoven, A., et al. Safety and efficacy of hyperbaric oxygen therapy for the treatment of interstitial cystitis: a randomized, sham controlled

2019 European Association of Urology

145. Incorporating Recognition and Management of Perinatal Depression Into Pediatric Practice

of age. , , In addition to primary associations with poor long-term outcomes for the child, untreated perinatal depression is also strongly tied with other unfavorable states and events that may add to the adverse effect on a child’s overall health and development, including the following: child abuse and neglect; failure to implement the injury-prevention components from anticipatory guidance (eg, car safety seat and electrical plug covers) , ; failure to implement preventive health practices (...) with the greatest impact on clinical care. This policy is a revision of the policy in Incorporating Recognition and Management of Perinatal Depression Into Pediatric Practice Jason Rafferty , Gerri Mattson , Marian F. Earls , Michael W. Yogman , COMMITTEE ON PSYCHOSOCIAL ASPECTS OF CHILD AND FAMILY HEALTH Abstract Perinatal depression is the most common obstetric complication in the United States, with prevalence rates of 15% to 20% among new mothers. Untreated, it can adversly affect the well-being of children

2019 American Academy of Pediatrics

146. Breast Masses, Breast Complaints, and Diagnostic Breast Imaging in the Lactating Woman

or trauma; although benign, this condition may present as an irregular palpable mass that may be tender or asymptomatic 17 (IV). Hematoma can also develop after trauma, such as a motor vehicle accident involving seat belt injury, or vigorous massage in the setting of lactation 18 (IV). In addition to a mass, transient nipple discharge may occur. Periductal mastitis is an uncommon condition that generally presents in smokers and results from squa- mous metaplasia of the lactiferous ducts. Patients ex (...) . Dermatitis may be localized to the NAC or involves the skin of the breast. The risk of dermatitis may be increased in a breastfeeding patient with a history of atopy and allergy: the mother may have an allergy to ingredients in nipple creams such as lanolin, or allergic to substances the child is touching or ingesting 24 (IV). Subacute mastitis, or mammary dysbiosis, also may cause nipple ?aking, erythema, blebs, and scabbing of the nipple and areola with associated deep breast pain. This condition has

2019 Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine

147. Guidelines for Monitoring and Management of Pediatric Patients Before, During, and After Sedation for Diagnostic and Therapeutic Procedures

before administering additional drugs. Drugs that have a long duration of action (eg, intramuscular pentobarbital, phenothiazines) have fallen out of favor because of unpredictable responses and prolonged recovery. The use of these drugs requires a longer period of observation even after the child achieves currently used recovery and discharge criteria. , – This concept is particularly important for infants and toddlers transported in car safety seats; re-sedation after discharge attributable (...) safety seat regarding the need to carefully observe the child’s head position to avoid airway obstruction. Transportation in a car safety seat poses a particular risk for infants who have received medications known to have a long half-life, such as chloral hydrate, intramuscular pentobarbital, or phenothiazine because deaths after procedural sedation have been reported. , , , , , Consideration for a longer period of observation shall be given if the responsible person’s ability to observe the child

2019 American Academy of Pediatrics

149. Improving the health of the public by 2040

and medical interventions. However, despite overall improvements in health, major inequalities in health outcomes, reflecting social and economic inequalities, persist.1. Introduction 12 • Vaccination. • Motor vehicle safety. • Safer workplaces. • Control of infectious diseases. • Decline in deaths from coronary heart disease and stroke. • Safer and healthier foods. • Healthier mothers and babies. • Family planning. • Fluoridation of drinking water. • Recognition of tobacco use as a health hazard. Box 1 (...) and in the last 50 years has increased by a further 10 years for a man and 8 for a woman. 3,4 Improvements in living conditions and large reductions in infant and child mortality were major contributors to this increase in the first half of the 20th century. Over the last 50 years, improvement has been greatest at older ages. The number of people dying from coronary heart disease, for example, in Great Britain more than halved between 1961 and 2009. 5 While improved treatments have had an important role

2017 Academy of Medical Sciences

150. Enhancing Equitable Access to Assistive Technologies in Canada

. Road traffic crashes: operationalizing equity in the context of health sector reform. Injury Control and Safety Promotion 2003;10(1-2): 11–12). It is being tested by the Cochrane Collaboration Health Equity Field as a means of evaluating the impact of interventions on health equity. McMaster Health Forum 9 Evidence >> Insight >> Action Categorizations for assistive technologies for the following functions includes but are not limited to those for: • personal use in daily living and self care (...) physical disabilities. This program funds up to 75% of the cost of devices that meet basic needs.(11) In New Brunswick, a mix of Health Services programs offered through the Department of Social Development provides full coverage for assistive technologies for eligible persons with disabilities. The programs are named based on the device type covered, such as the Wheelchair/Seating program or Hearing Aid program, as well as one for Convalescent and Rehabilitation items (e.g., for walkers and grab bars

2017 McMaster Health Forum

151. Best Practices on Periodicity of Examination, Preventive Dental Services, Anticipatory Guidance/Counseling, and Oral Treatment for Infants, Children, and Adolescents

negative functional, esthetic, and psychological effects on children. 111 Practitioners should provide age-appropriate injury prevention counseling for orofacial trauma. 15,96 Initially, discussions would include advice regarding play objects, pacifiers, car seats, and electrical cords. As motor coordination develops and the child grows older, the parent/patient should be counseled on additional safety and preventive measures, including use of athletic mouthguards for sporting activities. Dental (...) is necessary to maintain oral health. 1 The AAPD emphasizes the importance of initiating professional oral health intervention in infancy and continuing through adolescence and beyond. 2 The periodicity of professional oral health intervention and services is based on a patient’s individual needs and risk indicators. 3-8 Each age group, as well as each individual child, has distinct developmental needs to be addressed at specific intervals as part of a comprehensive evaluation. 2,9-11 Continuity of care

2018 American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry

152. Infant Transition From Car Bed to Car Safety Seat

Infant Transition From Car Bed to Car Safety Seat Infant Transition From Car Bed to Car Safety Seat - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting registration or results information. Search for terms x × Study Record Detail Saved Studies Save this study Warning You have reached the maximum number of saved studies (100). Please remove one or more studies before adding more. Infant Transition From Car Bed to Car Safety Seat (...) to see if infants who fail their initial car seat challenge are at greater risk for respiratory illness during their first year of life. Study Design Go to Layout table for study information Study Type : Observational Actual Enrollment : 96 participants Observational Model: Case-Only Time Perspective: Prospective Official Title: A Prospective Examination of Infant Transition From Car Bed to Car Safety Seat Study Start Date : April 2008 Actual Primary Completion Date : April 7, 2017 Actual Study

2009 Clinical Trials

153. Children with special health care needs: patterns of safety restraint use, seating position, and risk of injury in motor vehicle crashes. (PubMed)

Children with special health care needs: patterns of safety restraint use, seating position, and risk of injury in motor vehicle crashes. Special health care needs associated with behavioral conditions may influence a child's safety in motor vehicle crashes. The aim of this study was to describe and compare variation in restraint use, seating position, and injury risk in motor vehicle crashes among children with and without special health care needs likely to affect behavior.This study uses (...) of front-row seating. There was no significant association between the presence of a special need likely to affect behavior and risk of injury, after adjustment for child/driver characteristics and crash severity.Despite a greater proportion of children with special needs likely to affect behavior using proper vehicle restraint, their injury risk was similar to that of children without these special needs. Primary care pediatricians providing best practices for vehicle safety should consider the unique

2009 Pediatrics

154. Effects of Dietary Sodium and Potassium Intake on Chronic Disease Outcomes and Risks

about the effectiveness and safety of a clinical intervention. In the context of developing recommendations for practice, systematic reviews can help clarify whether assertions about the value of the intervention are based on strong evidence from clinical studies. For more information about AHRQ EPC systematic reviews, see www.effectivehealthcare.ahrq.gov/reference/purpose.cfm. AHRQ expects that these systematic reviews will be helpful to health plans, providers, purchasers, government programs

2018 Effective Health Care Program (AHRQ)

155. WHO recommendations: intrapartum care for a positive childbirth experience

has also gradually expanded beyond the survival of women and their babies, to also ensuring that they thrive and achieve their full potential for health and well-being. These efforts have been catalysed by the Global Strategy for Women’s, Children’s and Adolescents’ Health (2016–2030), and the Every Woman Every Child movement. In addition, the third goal of the 2030 agenda for sustainable development affirms global commitment to ensuring healthy lives and the promotion of well-being for all at all (...) not exposing them to financial hardship. An integral part of these efforts is the design of the package of essential services across the spectrum of health disciplines, including reproductive, maternal, newborn, child and adolescent health, from which a set of basic service-delivery indicators can be identified for use in monitoring countries’ progress towards UHC. This guideline is a consolidated set of new and existing recommendations on essential labour and childbirth practices that should be provided

2018 World Health Organisation Guidelines

156. Alternating Electric Fields ("Tumour- Treating Fields") for the Treatment of Glioblastoma

) a customized backpack. 18,19 The Optune system allows the patient to be mobile, using the battery pack and backpack, while receiving treatment, or the system can be plugged into a regular electrical outlet when the patient is seated or asleep. 19 It weighs about 1.3 kg, including the battery. 18,20 Patients must shave their heads to allow the transducers to properly adhere to their scalp with a thin layer of conductive hydrogel similar to that used for electrocardiogram pads. 19,21 The transducer arrays (...) the past decade; 13 the most recent evidence includes two randomized controlled trials (EF-14 30 ,38 and EF-11 39 ) and the PRiDe Patient Registry Dataset. 40 In the remainder of this section, the trials and the registry study are described first, followed by summaries of the main outcomes: overall survival, progression-free survival, compliance, quality-of-life, and safety. Smaller case series and subgroup analyses are also noted under the relevant outcomes sections. Some trials included patients

2018 CADTH - Issues in Emerging Health Technologies

157. British Association of Dermatologists' guidelines for the management of lichen sclerosus

with resis- tant LS? FRR6 What are the safety and ef?cacy of adalimumab in male patients with urethral stenosis caused by LS? FRR7 Set up a national registry for extensive extragenital LS to identify the treatments involved and outcomes achieved FRR8 What is the role of urine in the pathogenesis of genital LS and paediatric genital LS? FRR9 Is there a role for systemic therapy in genital LS? FRR10 What proportion of patients with LS remit completely? 4.0 Algorithm The recommendations and discussions (...) and their obstetrician. 5.4.3 Child female anogenital The lesions are similar to those in adult women, but ecchymosis may be very striking and potentially mistaken as evidence of sex- ual abuse. However, the two are not mutually exclusive as some cases of LS may possibly be caused or aggravated by sexual abuse through Koebnerization. 49 Features that should arouse suspicion of this include LS arising in older prepubertal girls, poor response to treatment, the presence of associated sexually transmitted infection

2018 British Association of Dermatologists

158. Clinical Appropriateness Guidelines: Radiation Oncology Brachytherapy, intensity modulated radiation therapy (IMRT), stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT) and stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) treatment guidelines

for when services are medically necessary ? To assist the practitioner as an educational tool ? To encourage standardization of medical practice patterns ? To curtail the performance of inappropriate and/or duplicate services ? To advocate for patient safety concerns ? To enhance the quality of healthcare ? To promote the most efficient and cost-effective use of services AIM’s guideline development process complies with applicable accreditation standards, including the requirement that the Guidelines (...) , limitations and safety aspects of image-guided therapy. IGRT is an integral part of the delivery of highly conformal treatments such as intensity modulated radiation therapy (IMRT), stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT) and stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS). Recognition of this fact has resulted in changes to the current procedural terminology (CPT) definitions such that the technical aspect of IGR T is now bundled with IMRT delivery. Similarly, image guidance procedures have always been bundled for SBRT

2018 AIM Specialty Health

159. Hypothalamic - Pituitary and Growth Disorders in Survivors of Childhood Cancer

to hypothalamic–pituitary axis radiation treatment and with a diagnosis of isolated growth hormone deficiency in childhood. (1∣⊕⊕OO) Treatment of growth hormone deficiency in childhood cancer survivors 2.8 We recommend offering growth hormone treatment in childhood cancer survivors with confirmed growth hormone deficiency based on the safety and efficacy demonstrated in that population. (1∣⊕⊕OO) 2.9 We suggest waiting until the patient has been 1 year disease-free, following completion of therapy (...) loss of spinal height SD relative to lower leg length SD ( ). This disproportionate growth may be evident as early as 1 year following spinal radiation and becomes progressively more evident during puberty ( ). Survivors treated with high-dose CSI ( e.g. , >30 Gy for medulloblastoma) demonstrate the most significant losses in seated and standing AH ( , , ). Treatment of short stature/impaired linear growth in childhood cancer survivors 1.3 We suggest against using GH in cancer survivors who do

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2018 The Endocrine Society

160. Sodium and Potassium Intake: Effects on Chronic Disease Outcomes and Risks

about the effectiveness and safety of a clinical intervention. In the context of developing recommendations for practice, systematic reviews can help clarify whether assertions about the value of the intervention are based on strong evidence from clinical studies. For more information about AHRQ EPC systematic reviews, see www.effectivehealthcare.ahrq.gov/reference/purpose.cfm. AHRQ expects that these systematic reviews will be helpful to health plans, providers, purchasers, government programs

2018 Effective Health Care Program (AHRQ)

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