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Child Safety Seat

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41. Child passenger safety laws in the United States, 1978-2010: Policy diffusion in the absence of strong federal intervention. (PubMed)

Child passenger safety laws in the United States, 1978-2010: Policy diffusion in the absence of strong federal intervention. This article examines the diffusion of U.S. state child passenger safety laws, analyzing over-time changes and inter-state differences in all identifiable features of laws that plausibly influence crash-related morbidity and mortality. The observed trend shows many states' continuing efforts to update their laws to be consistent with latest motor vehicle safety (...) recommendations, with each state modifying their laws on average 6 times over the 30-year period. However, there has been a considerable time lag in knowledge diffusion and policy adoption. Even though empirical evidence supporting the protective effect of child restraint devices was available in the early 1970s, laws requiring their use were not adopted by all 50 states until 1986. For laws requiring minors to be seated in rear seats, the first state law adoption did not occur until two decades after

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2014 Social Science & Medicine

42. Parents' experience with child safety restraint in China. (PubMed)

, living in Shantou City (7 child safety restraint users and 7 non-users). Purposive sampling was used to recruit eligible parent drivers who participated in a previous observation study. Interview data were collected from March to April 2013. The audio taped and transcribed data were coded and analyzed to identify key themes.Four key themes on child safety restraint emerged from the in-depth interviews with parents. These included 1) Having a child safety restraint installed in the rear seat (...) awareness of safe traveling by parents were closely linked to low child safety seat usage under the circumstance of no mandatory legislation. Future intervention efforts need to focus on increasing parents' safe travel awareness combined with CSS product promotion before the laws are enacted.

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2014 BMC Public Health

43. A computerized child passenger safety screening program in the emergency department. (PubMed)

A computerized child passenger safety screening program in the emergency department. The emergency department (ED) can be an effective site for pediatric injury prevention initiatives, including child passenger safety. The objectives of this study were to evaluate the implementation of an ED child passenger safety program and to analyze the effectiveness of a computerized screening tool to identify car seat-related needs for children younger than 8 years.An ED-based group developed a child (...) passenger safety program including (1) a computerized screening tool to assess the use of car seats in children younger than 8 years; (2) child passenger safety education, including state law; and (3) distribution of appropriate car seats for patients discharged from the ED. In July 2011, the screening tool was added to the initial nursing assessment. In January 2012, nursing education was performed to increase compliance with screening. In April 2012, the tool was made a mandatory field

2014 Pediatric Emergency Care

44. Safe pediatric dental anesthesia is the right of every child

Safe pediatric dental anesthesia is the right of every child Safe pediatric dental anesthesia is the right of every child Safe pediatric dental anesthesia is the right of every child | | December 29, 2017 2K Shares When you tell anyone in health care that “sedation” to the point of coma is given in dentists’ and oral surgeons’ offices every day, without a separate anesthesia professional present to give the medications and monitor the patient, the response often is disbelief. “But they can’t do (...) and infrequent office inspections, a healthy presented in 2015 for extraction of an embedded tooth. Caleb received a combination of powerful medications – including ketamine, midazolam, propofol, and fentanyl – from his oral surgeon in northern California, and stopped breathing. The oral surgeon failed to ventilate or intubate Caleb, breaking several of his front teeth in the process, and Caleb didn’t survive. Caleb’s heartbroken family pushed for legislation to add transparency and safety to California

2017 KevinMD blog

45. Big tobacco, child labour and the International Labour Organization

an agreement to “develop global guidance on hazardous child labour and occupational safety and health in tobacco growing” (a somewhat ironic goal for a product that kills 6 million people a year). The agreement is with the august-sounding ‘Eliminating Child Labour in Tobacco-growing Foundation’ (ECLT). The ILO press release has a paragraph about the ECLT Foundation: ‘The Eliminating Child Labour in Tobacco Growing Foundation is a global leader in preventing child labour in tobacco agriculture (...) child labour in agriculture in the three target countries will feed into the IV Global Child Labour Conference, to be held in Argentina in 2017 .” Initiatives such as this provide the industry with the opportunity to have a seat at the policy table, among respected organisations and sometimes Member State Delegations, an effective counter to its status as a pariah industry. The ECLT has been a key about the extent of child labour within the industry in recent years. While the ILO website gives

2016 BMJ Tobacco Control Blog

46. Are mHealth Interventions to Improve Child Restraint System Installation of Value? A Mixed Methods Study of Parents (PubMed)

interest in and lack of knowledge about how to access these resources. Although there was some interest in an app that would be personalized and able to push just-in-time content (e.g., new guidelines, location and times of car seat checks), content that has sporadic relevance (e.g., initial installation) seemed more appropriate for a website. Stakeholder input is critical to guide the development and delivery of acceptable and useful child safety education. (...) Are mHealth Interventions to Improve Child Restraint System Installation of Value? A Mixed Methods Study of Parents Childhood death from vehicle crashes and the delivery of information about proper child restraint systems (CRS) use continues to be a critical public health issue. Safe Seat, a sequential, mixed-methods study identified gaps in parental knowledge about and perceived challenges in the use of appropriate CRS and insights into the preferences of various technological approaches

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2017 International journal of environmental research and public health

47. What we know about kids and car seats

. The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration children remain rear-facing as long as they fit the height and weight limitations for their seat. These recommendations are based on a growing body of evidence that finds the neck muscles of young children are not strong enough to protect their spine and spinal cords in a frontal crash. As a result, the force of the crash snaps the child’s head forward, which can lead to broken neck bones and spinal cord injuries. over 15 years found that rear-facing car (...) , infants and young children are required to use car seats in all 50 states. And 48 states require booster seats for older children. ( lists specific laws for each state.) Even though fewer children are dying in car accidents than ever before, So safety experts continue to learn more about how children respond in car crashes, and update the guidelines about how to keep kids safe. The latest recommendation — — recommends that children sit in rear-facing seats for as long as possible, at least until age 2

2015 Evidence Based Living blog

48. Barriers and Enablers to Enacting Child and Youth Related Injury Prevention Legislation in Canada (PubMed)

Barriers and Enablers to Enacting Child and Youth Related Injury Prevention Legislation in Canada Injury prevention policy is crucial for the safety of Canada's children; however legislation is not adopted uniformly across the country. This study aimed to identify key barriers and enablers to enacting injury prevention legislation. Purposive snowball sampling identified individuals involved in injury prevention throughout Canada. An online survey asked respondents to identify policies that were (...) relevant to them, and whether legislation existed in their province. Respondents rated the importance of barriers or enablers using a 5-point Likert type scale and included open-ended comments. Fifty-seven respondents identified the most common injury topics: bicycle helmets (44, 77%), cell phone-distracted driving (36, 63%), booster seats (28, 49%), ski helmets (24, 42%), and graduated driver's licensing (21, 37%). The top enablers were research/surveillance, managerial/political support

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2016 International journal of environmental research and public health

49. Has Child Restraint System Use Increased among Parents of Children in Shantou, China? (PubMed)

. Observers recorded the seating location of child passengers, the type of restraint, and appropriate use of CRS and safety belts based on the observation. Knowledge of and attitudes towards use of CRS were reported by the driver following observation.Approximately 6.6% of passengers aged 0-12 were in CRS; rate of forward-facing CRS in children aged 3-5 (9.9%) was higher than rear-facing CRS for children aged 0-2 (1.1%) and booster seat use among children aged 6-12 (0.1%). Children younger than four years (...) old (OR = 3.395, 95% CI = 2.125-5.424), drivers having a college or higher lever education (OR = 2.908, 95% CI = 1.878-4.500) and drivers wearing seatbelt (OR = 3.194, 95% CI = 1.605-6.356) had greater odds of CRS use. Over half (56.6%) of parents might or would use CRS if they could rent CRSs with fees.The rate of CRS is still low in Shantou. Comprehensive public education programs supported by legislation might be an effective way to improve child passenger safety. Renting CRSs to parents could

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2016 International journal of environmental research and public health

50. Impact of Child Positioning on Pain During a Lumbar Puncture

procedure can generate pain, anxiety, apprehension leading to an increasing difficulty in the procedure realization. Two positions are possible to carry out lumbar puncture: seated or lying position. The main goal of this study is to assess the impact of the child positioning during the lumbar puncture process in term of pain, anxiety and stress. This study is a prospective, monocentric, randomized, open-label, cross-over study. Inclusion period is 1 year, 30 patients will be included from 2 to 18 years (...) therapeutic lumbar punctures Patients able to receive analgesic procedure according to 20005 good practices recommendation Presence of one parent during LP procedure Child able to use assessment scales LP realized with a 20 G needle Platelets > 50000 Child with prior clinical examination Affiliated to a health care insurance regimen Exclusion Criteria: Seated or lying position impossible Lumbar puncture contraindication Patient or parent opposition to second LP realization in the required position

2016 Clinical Trials

51. Specific Immunotherapy for Allergic Child

Specific Immunotherapy for Allergic Child Specific Immunotherapy for Allergic Child - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting registration or results information. Search for terms x × Study Record Detail Saved Studies Save this study Warning You have reached the maximum number of saved studies (100). Please remove one or more studies before adding more. Specific Immunotherapy for Allergic Child The safety and scientific (...) for a New Device in Specific Immunotherapy for Allergic Child Study Start Date : May 2015 Estimated Primary Completion Date : December 2016 Estimated Study Completion Date : May 2017 Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine related topics: Arms and Interventions Go to Arm Intervention/treatment Experimental: ITS with Injex For Each patient, at each monthly vaccination session and randomly in alternate mode, will be administered two vaccine doses of 0.25 ml each at 20 minutes from one

2016 Clinical Trials

52. Child Passenger Restraint System Misuse in Rural Versus Urban Children: A Multisite Case-Control Study. (PubMed)

seats is lower in a rural population compared with a similar matched urban population.A multisite (Alabama, Arkansas, Illinois), observational, case-control study was performed using data from community child passenger safety checkup events in rural (economically and population-controlled) and urban locations. Data were matched to the primary child assessed in a vehicle, and stratified by age, site, and year with urban unscheduled CRS check data. All CRS checks were performed using nationally (...) certified CRS technicians who used the best practice standards of the American Academy of Pediatrics and collected subject demographics, car seat misuse patterns, and interventions using identical definitions.Four hundred eighty-four CRS checks (242 rural and 242 urban) involving 603 total children from 3 states (Alabama, 43 [7%]; Arkansas, 442 [73%]; Illinois, 118 [20%]) were examined; of which, 86% had at least 1 documented CRS misuse. Child passenger restraint system misuse was more common in rural

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2016 Pediatric Emergency Care

53. Parent Training in Child Safety Practices

provided by (Responsible Party): Oregon Center for Applied Science, Inc. Study Details Study Description Go to Brief Summary: This project completed an intervention designed to teach parents of children aged 0-2 years of age how to prevent injuries to their child. The intervention consisted of a two DVD package with information on creating a safe home environment and correctly choosing and installing an appropriate car safety seat. The study hypothesis was that parents who used the intervention would (...) seat for the age of the parent's child. The second DVD covers a core set of home safety skills: (a) preventing falls, (b) preventing fires and burns, (c) preventing poisoning, (d) firearm safety, (e) preventing drowning, (f) preventing suffocation and choking, (e) play equipment safety, and (f) animal safety. Content in the home safety DVD is based on information the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) recommends that physicians provide to parents during well-baby visits. Behavioral: Keeping Baby

2013 Clinical Trials

54. Availability of child passenger safety resources to emergency physicians practicing in emergency departments within pediatric, adult, and nontrauma centers: a national survey. (PubMed)

Availability of child passenger safety resources to emergency physicians practicing in emergency departments within pediatric, adult, and nontrauma centers: a national survey. More can be done to eliminate preventable motor vehicle collision (MVC)-related injuries through correct and consistent use of child passenger restraints. This study sought to determine emergency physician awareness of and referral patterns to child passenger safety resources and to compare awareness and referrals (...) instructions containing child passenger safety information or referrals to available resources.Availability of child passenger safety resources for children discharged from EDs following an MVC varies by practice setting. Pediatric injury prevention outreach to general EDs is needed to increase the number of children who are benefiting from existing community child passenger resources.

2013 Pediatric Emergency Care

55. Brief Child Safety Interventions in Emergency Departments (Safety in Seconds)

Brief Child Safety Interventions in Emergency Departments (Safety in Seconds) Brief Child Safety Interventions in Emergency Departments (Safety in Seconds) - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting registration or results information. Search for terms x × Study Record Detail Saved Studies Save this study Warning You have reached the maximum number of saved studies (100). Please remove one or more studies before adding more (...) . Brief Child Safety Interventions in Emergency Departments (Safety in Seconds) The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our for details. ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01432041 Recruitment Status : Completed First Posted : September 12, 2011 Last Update Posted : September 12, 2011 Sponsor: Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health

2011 Clinical Trials

56. KP415 Open-Label Safety Study in Children (6-12 Years of Age) With ADHD

KP415 Open-Label Safety Study in Children (6-12 Years of Age) With ADHD KP415 Open-Label Safety Study in Children (6-12 Years of Age) With ADHD - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting registration or results information. Search for terms x × Study Record Detail Saved Studies Save this study Warning You have reached the maximum number of saved studies (100). Please remove one or more studies before adding more. KP415 Open (...) -Label Safety Study in Children (6-12 Years of Age) With ADHD The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. of clinical studies and talk to your health care provider before participating. Read our for details. ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03460652 Recruitment Status : Recruiting First Posted : March 9, 2018 Last Update Posted : April 20, 2018 See

2018 Clinical Trials

57. A Clinical Study Evaluating the Efficacy and Safety of RPh201 Treatment in Individuals With Alzheimer's Disease With or Without Coexisting Cerebrovascular Disease

A Clinical Study Evaluating the Efficacy and Safety of RPh201 Treatment in Individuals With Alzheimer's Disease With or Without Coexisting Cerebrovascular Disease A Clinical Study Evaluating the Efficacy and Safety of RPh201 Treatment in Individuals With Alzheimer's Disease With or Without Coexisting Cerebrovascular Disease - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting registration or results information. Search for terms x (...) × Study Record Detail Saved Studies Save this study Warning You have reached the maximum number of saved studies (100). Please remove one or more studies before adding more. A Clinical Study Evaluating the Efficacy and Safety of RPh201 Treatment in Individuals With Alzheimer's Disease With or Without Coexisting Cerebrovascular Disease The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated

2018 Clinical Trials

58. Safety and Tolerability of ISX (Isoxsuprine HCL) in MS Relapses

Safety and Tolerability of ISX (Isoxsuprine HCL) in MS Relapses Safety and Tolerability of ISX (Isoxsuprine HCL) in MS Relapses - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting registration or results information. Search for terms x × Study Record Detail Saved Studies Save this study Warning You have reached the maximum number of saved studies (100). Please remove one or more studies before adding more. Safety and Tolerability of ISX (...) (Isoxsuprine HCL) in MS Relapses The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. of clinical studies and talk to your health care provider before participating. Read our for details. ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03752307 Recruitment Status : Recruiting First Posted : November 23, 2018 Last Update Posted : December 3, 2018 See Sponsor: University of New

2018 Clinical Trials

59. A Four-Part Study to Assess the Safety, Tolerability, PK and PD of ONO-5788 in Healthy Adult Volunteers

A Four-Part Study to Assess the Safety, Tolerability, PK and PD of ONO-5788 in Healthy Adult Volunteers A Four-Part Study to Assess the Safety, Tolerability, PK and PD of ONO-5788 in Healthy Adult Volunteers - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting registration or results information. Search for terms x × Study Record Detail Saved Studies Save this study Warning You have reached the maximum number of saved studies (100 (...) ). Please remove one or more studies before adding more. A Four-Part Study to Assess the Safety, Tolerability, PK and PD of ONO-5788 in Healthy Adult Volunteers The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. of clinical studies and talk to your health care provider before participating. Read our for details. ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03571594

2018 Clinical Trials

60. Safety and Effectiveness of Propagermanium in Diabetic Kidney Disease Participants Receiving Irbesartan

Safety and Effectiveness of Propagermanium in Diabetic Kidney Disease Participants Receiving Irbesartan Safety and Effectiveness of Propagermanium in Diabetic Kidney Disease Participants Receiving Irbesartan - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting registration or results information. Search for terms x × Study Record Detail Saved Studies Save this study Warning You have reached the maximum number of saved studies (100 (...) ). Please remove one or more studies before adding more. Safety and Effectiveness of Propagermanium in Diabetic Kidney Disease Participants Receiving Irbesartan (ACTION) The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. of clinical studies and talk to your health care provider before participating. Read our for details. ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier

2018 Clinical Trials

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