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Chemical Dependency Resources

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1. Chemical Dependency Resources

Chemical Dependency Resources Chemical Dependency Resources Toggle navigation Brain Head & Neck Chest Endocrine Abdomen Musculoskeletal Skin Infectious Disease Hematology & Oncology Cohorts Diagnostics Emergency Findings Procedures Prevention & Management Pharmacy Resuscitation Trauma Emergency Procedures Ultrasound Cardiovascular Emergencies Lung Emergencies Infectious Disease Pediatrics Neurologic Emergencies Skin Exposure Miscellaneous Abuse Cancer Administration 4 Chemical Dependency (...) Resources Chemical Dependency Resources Aka: Chemical Dependency Resources , Substance Abuse Resources From Related Chapters II. Resources: Addiction Information SAMHSA Helpline National Institute on (NIDA) III. Resources: Addiction Treatment and Support Programs Al-Anon and Alateen ics Anonymous Anonymous s Anonymous IV. Resources: Facility and Physician Locators SAMHSA Treatment Facility Locator American Society of Addiction Medicine Treatment Links Images: Related links to external sites (from Bing

2018 FP Notebook

2. Chemical Dependency Brief Counseling

Chemical Dependency Brief Counseling Chemical Dependency Brief Counseling Toggle navigation Brain Head & Neck Chest Endocrine Abdomen Musculoskeletal Skin Infectious Disease Hematology & Oncology Cohorts Diagnostics Emergency Findings Procedures Prevention & Management Pharmacy Resuscitation Trauma Emergency Procedures Ultrasound Cardiovascular Emergencies Lung Emergencies Infectious Disease Pediatrics Neurologic Emergencies Skin Exposure Miscellaneous Abuse Cancer Administration 4 Chemical (...) Dependency Brief Counseling Chemical Dependency Brief Counseling Aka: Chemical Dependency Brief Counseling , Counseling Briefly for Cessation of Chemical Use , FRAMES Technique II. Indication Brief counseling by primary physician III. Protocol: Example for Alcohol use Initial physician visit for 15 minutes Use What are drinking triggers for this patient? Review risks for this patient for continued use Set specific goals for cessation or reduction Patient's personal responsibility Determine schedule

2018 FP Notebook

3. Chemical Dependency

Chemical Dependency Chemical Dependency Toggle navigation Brain Head & Neck Chest Endocrine Abdomen Musculoskeletal Skin Infectious Disease Hematology & Oncology Cohorts Diagnostics Emergency Findings Procedures Prevention & Management Pharmacy Resuscitation Trauma Emergency Procedures Ultrasound Cardiovascular Emergencies Lung Emergencies Infectious Disease Pediatrics Neurologic Emergencies Skin Exposure Miscellaneous Abuse Cancer Administration 4 Chemical Dependency Chemical Dependency Aka (...) : Chemical Dependency , Chemical Dependence , Drug Dependence , Chemical Intoxication , Intoxication , Substance Abuse , Substance Misuse , Drug Abuse , AODA , Drugs of Abuse From Related Chapters II. Epidemiology (2015, U.S. over age 10 years old): 10% Teenagers <14 years old who use substances will have a 33% risk of substance use disorder longterm Substance use goes undiagnosed in 43% of cases in the primary care setting III. Preparations: Primary abused substances Precautions Substances of abuse

2018 FP Notebook

4. Chemical composition, in vitro antitumor and pro-oxidant activities of Glandora rosmarinifolia (Boraginaceae) essential oil. Full Text available with Trip Pro

indicate that essential oil of G. rosmarinifolia induces cell growth inhibition at concentration-dependent way in all cell line models. This oil does not seem to possess antioxidant activity, while the cytotoxicity of G. rosmarinifolia essential oil appeared to involve, at least in part, a pro-oxidant mechanism. Our results show for the first time the antitumoral and pro-oxidant activities of G. rosmarinifolia essential oil and suggest that it may represent a resource of pharmacologically active (...) Chemical composition, in vitro antitumor and pro-oxidant activities of Glandora rosmarinifolia (Boraginaceae) essential oil. The biological properties of essential oils have been demonstrated in the treatment of several diseases and to enhance the bioavailability of other drugs. In natural habitats the essential oils compounds may play important roles in the protection of the plants as antibacterials, antivirals, antifungals, insecticides and also against herbivores by reducing their appetite

2018 PLoS ONE

5. Chemical Dependency Resources

Chemical Dependency Resources Chemical Dependency Resources Toggle navigation Brain Head & Neck Chest Endocrine Abdomen Musculoskeletal Skin Infectious Disease Hematology & Oncology Cohorts Diagnostics Emergency Findings Procedures Prevention & Management Pharmacy Resuscitation Trauma Emergency Procedures Ultrasound Cardiovascular Emergencies Lung Emergencies Infectious Disease Pediatrics Neurologic Emergencies Skin Exposure Miscellaneous Abuse Cancer Administration 4 Chemical Dependency (...) Resources Chemical Dependency Resources Aka: Chemical Dependency Resources , Substance Abuse Resources From Related Chapters II. Resources: Addiction Information SAMHSA Helpline National Institute on (NIDA) III. Resources: Addiction Treatment and Support Programs Al-Anon and Alateen ics Anonymous Anonymous s Anonymous IV. Resources: Facility and Physician Locators SAMHSA Treatment Facility Locator American Society of Addiction Medicine Treatment Links Images: Related links to external sites (from Bing

2015 FP Notebook

6. Antidiabetic Activity and Chemical Composition of <i>Sanbai</i> Melon Seed Oil. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Antidiabetic Activity and Chemical Composition of Sanbai Melon Seed Oil. Many fruits and herbs had been used in Traditional Chinese Medicines for treating diabetes mellitus (DM); however, scientific and accurate evidences regarding their efficacy and possible mechanisms were largely unknown. Sanbai melon seed oil (SMSO) was used in folk medicine in treating DM, but there is no literature about these effects. The present study was aimed at confirming the treatment effects of SMSO in type (...) 1 DM.Diabetes was induced by single intraperitoneal injection of streptozotocin (STZ) at a dose of 65 mg/kg body weight. After diabetes induction, mice were treated with SMSO at dose of 1 g/kg, 2 g/kg, and 4 g/kg. Drugs were given by gavage administration once a day continuously for 28 days. At the end of treatment, several biochemical parameters and molecular mechanisms were determined by biochemical assays, ELISA, and Western blotting. The chemical compositions of SMSO were also tested.SMSO

2018 Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine (eCAM)

7. Virtual Environment With Biofeedback to Promote Awareness of Relapse Risk Among Chemically Dependent Individuals

Last Update Posted : August 31, 2015 Sponsor: University of Mogi das Cruzes Information provided by (Responsible Party): Annie France Frère Slaets, University of Mogi das Cruzes Study Details Study Description Go to Brief Summary: Anxiety is one of the major influences on relapse and substance abuse treatment dropout. Chemically dependent individuals need to be aware of their emotional state in situations that jeopardise their treatment. The current therapeutic resources still subjective (...) Virtual Environment With Biofeedback to Promote Awareness of Relapse Risk Among Chemically Dependent Individuals Virtual Environment With Biofeedback to Promote Awareness of Relapse Risk Among Chemically Dependent Individuals - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting registration or results information. Search for terms x × Study Record Detail Saved Studies Save this study Warning You have reached the maximum number of saved

2015 Clinical Trials

8. Calculation of the disease burden associated with environmental chemical exposures: application of toxicological information in health economic estimation Full Text available with Trip Pro

Calculation of the disease burden associated with environmental chemical exposures: application of toxicological information in health economic estimation Calculation of costs and the Burden of Disease (BoD) is useful in developing resource allocation and prioritization strategies in public and environmental health. While useful, the Disability-Adjusted Life Year (DALY) metric disregards subclinical dysfunctions, adheres to stringent causal criteria, and is hampered by gaps in environmental (...) exposure data, especially from industrializing countries. For these reasons, a recently calculated environmental BoD of 5.18% of the total DALYs is likely underestimated. We combined and extended cost calculations for exposures to environmental chemicals, including neurotoxicants, air pollution, and endocrine disrupting chemicals, where sufficient data were available to determine dose-dependent adverse effects. Environmental exposure information allowed cost estimates for the U.S. and the EU, for OECD

2017 Environmental Health

9. In Space and Time: Territorial Animals are Attracted to Conspecific Chemical Cues Full Text available with Trip Pro

In Space and Time: Territorial Animals are Attracted to Conspecific Chemical Cues Territorial animals lay scent marks around their territories to broadcast their presence, but these olfactory signals can both attract and repel con-specifics. Attraction or aversion can have a profound impact in terms of space use and thereby influence an individual's access to resources and mates. Here, we test the impact of chemical signals on the long-term space use and activity of receivers, comparing (...) -resident males remained closer to chemical than control cues. These results suggest that territorial scent marks are attractive to conspecifics and impact space use, but that the specific effects depend on receiver sex and residency status. Such subtle or gradual changes in behavior may frequently be overlooked by short-term choice experiments. Future studies investigating the behavioral significance of a communicative signal should consider these finer details of behavior for a more comprehensive

2017 Ethology : formerly Zeitschrift fur Tierpsychologie

10. Target Abundance-Based Fitness Screening (TAFiS) Facilitates Rapid Identification of Target-Specific and Physiologically Active Chemical Probes Full Text available with Trip Pro

Target Abundance-Based Fitness Screening (TAFiS) Facilitates Rapid Identification of Target-Specific and Physiologically Active Chemical Probes Traditional approaches to drug discovery are frustratingly inefficient and have several key limitations that severely constrain our capacity to rapidly identify and develop novel experimental therapeutics. To address this, we have devised a second-generation target-based whole-cell screening assay based on the principles of competitive fitness, which (...) can rapidly identify target-specific and physiologically active compounds. Briefly, strains expressing high, intermediate, and low levels of a preselected target protein are constructed, tagged with spectrally distinct fluorescent proteins (FPs), and pooled. The pooled strains are then grown in the presence of various small molecules, and the relative growth of each strain within the mixed culture is compared by measuring the intensity of the corresponding FP tags. Chemical-induced population

2017 mSphere

11. Comparison of the Chemical Profiles and Antioxidant Activities of Different Parts of Cultivated Cistanche deserticola Using Ultra Performance Liquid Chromatography-Quadrupole Time-of-Flight Mass Spectrometry and a 1,1-Diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl-Based Assay Full Text available with Trip Pro

Comparison of the Chemical Profiles and Antioxidant Activities of Different Parts of Cultivated Cistanche deserticola Using Ultra Performance Liquid Chromatography-Quadrupole Time-of-Flight Mass Spectrometry and a 1,1-Diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl-Based Assay In this study, a sensitive ultra-performance liquid chromatography-photodiode array coupled to quadruple time-of-flight mass (UPLC-PDA-Q/TOF-MS) method and a 1,1-diphenyl-2- picrylhydrazyl (DPPH)-based assay were used to determine the chemical (...) constituents and screen the antioxidant activity profiles of the methanol extracts of different parts of cultivated Cistanche deserticola (C. deserticola). First, qualitative and quantitative chemical composition analyses of the different parts of cultivated C. deserticola were conducted. Obvious differences were observed between the chemical profiles and content distribution of phenylethanoid glycosides (PhGs) from the different cultivated C. deserticola parts. The average contents of the six PhGs parts

2017 Molecules : A Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry

12. Chemical Toxin

(greater inhalation of agents) Lower height (closer to ground level where gases may settle) Thin, more permeable skin (greater toxin absorption and injury) Often dependent on adults to escape exposure Antidote dosing is not well established in children VII. Resources US Army Medical Research Institute of Chemical Defense VIII. References Campana, Patel and Martin (2016) Crit Dec Emerg Med 30(2): 14-9 Seeyave (2015) Crit Dec Emerg Med 29(5): 13-21 Medical Response to Chemical Warfare and Terrorism US (...) Chemical Toxin Chemical Toxin Toggle navigation Brain Head & Neck Chest Endocrine Abdomen Musculoskeletal Skin Infectious Disease Hematology & Oncology Cohorts Diagnostics Emergency Findings Procedures Prevention & Management Pharmacy Resuscitation Trauma Emergency Procedures Ultrasound Cardiovascular Emergencies Lung Emergencies Infectious Disease Pediatrics Neurologic Emergencies Skin Exposure Miscellaneous Abuse Cancer Administration 4 Chemical Toxin Chemical Toxin Aka: Chemical Toxin

2018 FP Notebook

13. Biological and Chemical Weapon Exposure in Mail

letter or package in doubled plastic bags Suspected items tested at Public Health department V. Step 3: Evaluate potential Anthrax contacts Wash hands with soap and water protocol depending on suspected agents Maintain list of all exposed persons All exposed persons evaluated by emergency personnel VI. Resources United States Postal Service CDC Preparedness and Response Images: Related links to external sites (from Bing) These images are a random sampling from a Bing search on the term "Biological (...) Biological and Chemical Weapon Exposure in Mail Biological and Chemical Weapon Exposure in Mail Toggle navigation Brain Head & Neck Chest Endocrine Abdomen Musculoskeletal Skin Infectious Disease Hematology & Oncology Cohorts Diagnostics Emergency Findings Procedures Prevention & Management Pharmacy Resuscitation Trauma Emergency Procedures Ultrasound Cardiovascular Emergencies Lung Emergencies Infectious Disease Pediatrics Neurologic Emergencies Skin Exposure Miscellaneous Abuse Cancer

2018 FP Notebook

14. Influence Factors of the Pharmacokinetics of Herbal Resourced Compounds in Clinical Practice. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Influence Factors of the Pharmacokinetics of Herbal Resourced Compounds in Clinical Practice. Herbal medicines have been used to prevent and cure diseases in eastern countries for thousands of years. In recent decades, these phytotherapies are becoming more and more popular in the West. As being nature-derived is the essential attribute of herbal medicines, people believe that taking them for diseases treatment is safe enough and has no side-effects. However, the efficacy of herbal resourced (...) compounds (HRC) depends on the multiple constituents absorbed in the body and their pharmacokinetics. Thus, many factors will influence the clinical practice of HRC, i.e., their absorption, distribution, metabolism, and excretion (ADME). Among these factors, herb-drug interaction has been widely discussed, as these compounds may share the same drug-metabolizing enzymes and drug transporters. Meanwhile there are many other potential factors that can also change the ADME of HRC, including herb

2019 Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine (eCAM)

15. Why Would Assad Use Chemical Weapons?

potentates maintain control with only a tiny base of support. Assad does not have the power his father possessed. The president's army has shrunk from desertions, casualties and overuse. His survival depends on local and foreign militias, not under his direct control, and on Russian airpower, but only so long as he serves Moscow's interests. That makes him appear weak and vulnerable within the eyes of his own constituents. Assad may no longer have a huge army, but he has chemical weapons under his (...) control, and he can use them to demonstrate his own independence and power. Ironically, Assad's use of chemical weapons makes him even more dependent on Russian air defenses to protect Syria against foreign attack. When the U.S. chose to strike, Russia either couldn't or chose not to utilize the advanced air defense systems it has deployed in Syria to block the American attack. While the use of chemical weapons causes revulsion outside of Syria, those within the country may be less opposed

2017 The RAND blog

16. Developmental Plasticity of the Major Alkyl Cannabinoid Chemotypes in a Diverse Cannabis Genetic Resource Collection Full Text available with Trip Pro

Developmental Plasticity of the Major Alkyl Cannabinoid Chemotypes in a Diverse Cannabis Genetic Resource Collection Cannabis is a chemically diverse domesticated plant genus which produces a unique class of biologically active secondary metabolites referred to as cannabinoids. The affinity and selectivity of cannabinoids to targets of the human endocannabinoid system depend on alkyl side chain length, and these structural-activity relationships can be utilized for the development of novel (...) therapeutics. Accurate early screening of germplasm has the potential to accelerate selection of chemical phenotypes (chemotypes) for pharmacological exploitation. However, limited attempts have been made to characterize the plasticity of alkyl cannabinoid composition in different plant tissues and throughout development. A chemotypic diversity panel comprised of 99 individuals from 20 Cannabis populations sourced from the Ecofibre Global Germplasm Collection (ecofibre.com.au and anandahemp.com) was used

2018 Frontiers in plant science

17. Chemical Dependency Brief Counseling

Chemical Dependency Brief Counseling Chemical Dependency Brief Counseling Toggle navigation Brain Head & Neck Chest Endocrine Abdomen Musculoskeletal Skin Infectious Disease Hematology & Oncology Cohorts Diagnostics Emergency Findings Procedures Prevention & Management Pharmacy Resuscitation Trauma Emergency Procedures Ultrasound Cardiovascular Emergencies Lung Emergencies Infectious Disease Pediatrics Neurologic Emergencies Skin Exposure Miscellaneous Abuse Cancer Administration 4 Chemical (...) Dependency Brief Counseling Chemical Dependency Brief Counseling Aka: Chemical Dependency Brief Counseling , Counseling Briefly for Cessation of Chemical Use , FRAMES Technique II. Indication Brief counseling by primary physician III. Protocol: Example for Alcohol use Initial physician visit for 15 minutes Use What are drinking triggers for this patient? Review risks for this patient for continued use Set specific goals for cessation or reduction Patient's personal responsibility Determine schedule

2015 FP Notebook

18. Chemical Dependency

Chemical Dependency Chemical Dependency Toggle navigation Brain Head & Neck Chest Endocrine Abdomen Musculoskeletal Skin Infectious Disease Hematology & Oncology Cohorts Diagnostics Emergency Findings Procedures Prevention & Management Pharmacy Resuscitation Trauma Emergency Procedures Ultrasound Cardiovascular Emergencies Lung Emergencies Infectious Disease Pediatrics Neurologic Emergencies Skin Exposure Miscellaneous Abuse Cancer Administration 4 Chemical Dependency Chemical Dependency Aka (...) : Chemical Dependency , Chemical Dependence , Drug Dependence , Chemical Intoxication , Intoxication , Substance Abuse , Substance Misuse , Drug Abuse , AODA , Drugs of Abuse From Related Chapters II. Epidemiology (2015, U.S. over age 10 years old): 10% Teenagers <14 years old who use substances will have a 33% risk of substance use disorder longterm Substance use goes undiagnosed in 43% of cases in the primary care setting III. Preparations: Primary abused substances Precautions Substances of abuse

2015 FP Notebook

19. Techno-economic and resource analysis of hydroprocessed renewable jet fuel Full Text available with Trip Pro

Techno-economic and resource analysis of hydroprocessed renewable jet fuel Biomass-derived jet fuel is an alternative jet fuel (AJF) showing promise of reducing the dependence on fossil fuel and greenhouse gas emissions. Hydroprocessed esters and fatty acids (HEFA) concept is also known as one of the pathways for producing bio jet fuel. HEFA fuel was approved by the American Society for Testing and Materials in 2011, and can be blended up to 50% with conventional jet fuel. Since then, several (...) HEFA economic and life-cycle assessments have been published in literature. However, there have been limited analyses on feedstock availability, composition, and their impact on hydrocarbon yield (particularly jet blendstock yield) and overall process economics.This study examines over 20 oil feedstocks, their geographic distribution and production levels, oil yield, prices, and chemical composition. The results of our compositional analysis indicate that most oils contain mainly C16 and C18 fatty

2017 Biotechnology for biofuels

20. Biodiversity of Pigmented Fungi Isolated from Marine Environment in La Réunion Island, Indian Ocean: New Resources for Colored Metabolites Full Text available with Trip Pro

Biodiversity of Pigmented Fungi Isolated from Marine Environment in La Réunion Island, Indian Ocean: New Resources for Colored Metabolites Marine ecosystems cover about 70% of the planet surface and are still an underexploited source of useful metabolites. Among microbes, filamentous fungi are captivating organisms used for the production of many chemical classes of secondary metabolites bound to be used in various fields of industrial application. The present study was focused (...) on the collection, isolation, screening and genotyping of pigmented filamentous fungi isolated from tropical marine environments around La Réunion Island, Indian Ocean. About 150 micromycetes were revived and isolated from 14 marine samples (sediments, living corals, coral rubble, sea water and hard substrates) collected in four different locations. Forty-two colored fungal isolates belonging to 16 families, 25 genera and 31 species were further studied depending on their ability to produce pigments and thus

2017 Journal of Fungi

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