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Cervical Ligamentous Instability

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1. Cervical Ligamentous Instability

Cervical Ligamentous Instability Cervical Ligamentous Instability Toggle navigation Brain Head & Neck Chest Endocrine Abdomen Musculoskeletal Skin Infectious Disease Hematology & Oncology Cohorts Diagnostics Emergency Findings Procedures Prevention & Management Pharmacy Resuscitation Trauma Emergency Procedures Ultrasound Cardiovascular Emergencies Lung Emergencies Infectious Disease Pediatrics Neurologic Emergencies Skin Exposure Miscellaneous Abuse Cancer Administration 4 Cervical Ligamentous (...) Instability Cervical Ligamentous Instability Aka: Cervical Ligamentous Instability From Related Chapters II. Symptoms and signs Mild Sensation of giving way with certain range of motion Provoked with flexion and extension Neurologic dysfunction varies may be present III. Imaging See IV. Management: Return to play parameters Relative contraindication to s Must be functional in all range of motion directions Absolute contraindications to s Anterior translation of adjacent e >3.5 mm Rotation or angulation

2018 FP Notebook

2. Subtalar instability: imaging features of subtalar ligaments on 3D isotropic ankle MRI. (Full text)

Subtalar instability: imaging features of subtalar ligaments on 3D isotropic ankle MRI. MRI analysis of subtalar ligaments in the tarsal sinus has not been well performed. We retrospectively investigated the appearance of subtalar ligaments using 3D isotropic MRI and compared imaging findings of subtalar ligaments between patients with subtalar instability (STI) and controls.Preoperative MRIs of 23 STI patients treated with arthroscopic subtalar reconstruction were compared to MRIs of 23 age (...) - and sex-matched control subjects without STI. Thickness and width of anterior capsular ligament (ACL) and interosseous talocalcaneal ligament (ITCL) as well as thickness of calcaneofibular ligament (CFL) and anterior talofibular ligament (ATFL) were measured. Abnormalities in ACL, ITCL, CFL, ATFL, cervical ligament, and inferior extensor retinaculum were analyzed.STI patients had significantly smaller ACL thickness and ACL width than controls (ACL thickness: 1.73 mm vs. 2.22 mm, p = 0.007; ACL width

2017 BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders PubMed

3. Myelopathy associated with instability consequent to resection of ossification of anterior longitudinal ligament in DISH. (PubMed)

Myelopathy associated with instability consequent to resection of ossification of anterior longitudinal ligament in DISH. The presence of prominent OALL (ossification of anterior longitudinal ligament) in the anterior cervical spine has been implicated as a cause of dysphagia. Surgical resection of the OALL is considered effective for the management of diffuse idiopathic skeletal hyperostosis (DISH)-related dysphagia. Although many reports have been published on DISH-related dysphagia, no cases (...) of postoperative cervical instability have been reported thus far. We present a case in which the patient developed myelopathy associated with instability consequent to resection of OALL in DISH.A 62-year-old man presented with progressive dysphagia that persisted for a year. The patient's symptoms were successfully resolved by resection of OALL. Five years after the surgery, the dysphagia resurfaced and was found to be caused by the regrowth of the OALL. A repeat surgery was performed, and the dysphagia

2017 European Spine Journal

4. Investigation of Symptomatic Unstable Changes of Non-Fused Component in the Mixed-Type Cervical Ossification of Posterior Longitudinal Ligament Using Dynamic Magnetic Resonance Imaging: A Case Report (Full text)

Investigation of Symptomatic Unstable Changes of Non-Fused Component in the Mixed-Type Cervical Ossification of Posterior Longitudinal Ligament Using Dynamic Magnetic Resonance Imaging: A Case Report A 43-year-old man was transferred to our hospital with recurring myelopathic symptoms after previous anterior and posterior surgical decompressions for mixed-type cervical ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament (OPLL). Conventional magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) showed a preserved (...) cervical curve and the achievement of successful decompression after the previous surgeries. The patient's symptoms were aggravated when he was in the extended neck posture. Dynamic MRI performed with the patient in an extended neck position revealed cord compression by OPLL from C3 to C4 with newly developed retrolisthesis of the C4-5 segment. We recommend the use of dynamic MRI to investigate motion-dependent cord compression caused by instability of the non-fused OPLL component.

2018 Korean Journal of Neurotrauma PubMed

5. Cervical spine instability in the course of rheumatoid arthritis – imaging methods (Full text)

Cervical spine instability in the course of rheumatoid arthritis – imaging methods Cervical spine is affected in more than a half of patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Depending on the degree of damage to the individual joints and ligaments RA-related cervical spine instability takes the form of atlanto-axial subluxation, subaxial subluxation or cranial settling. In the advanced cases spinal stenosis can occur as well as spinal cord injuries with typical neurological symptoms (...) . The identification of patients with cervical spine instability before the occurrence of neurological complications still constitutes a diagnostic challenge. The article presents the methods of cervical spine imaging with the use of plain radiographs, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and computed tomography (CT). We discuss the advantages and disadvantages associated with each method and the possibility of its application in the diagnosis of cervical spine instability in RA. The knowledge of the above mentioned

2017 Reumatologia PubMed

6. Anatomical Study of the Cervical and Interosseous Talocalcaneal Ligaments of the Foot with Surgical Relevance (Full text)

Anatomical Study of the Cervical and Interosseous Talocalcaneal Ligaments of the Foot with Surgical Relevance There is conflicting evidence regarding the morphology and orientation of the cervical ligament (CL) and interosseous talocalcaneal ligament (ITCL). The morphology of the CL and its relationship to the ITCL were studied to obtain an understanding of these structures. Twenty-six feet (13 left, 13 right) were obtained from formalin-fixed cadavers (14 females, four males) with the mean (...) , we identified the morphometrics of the CL and described the CL and ITCL qualitatively. These results are relevant to introducing innovative techniques for reconstructive surgery of the subtalar ligaments in order to repair, for example, subtalar instability.

2017 Cureus PubMed

7. Effect of Direct Ligament Repair and Tenodesis Reconstruction on Simulated Subtalar Joint Instability. (PubMed)

Effect of Direct Ligament Repair and Tenodesis Reconstruction on Simulated Subtalar Joint Instability. Subtalar instability is associated with up to 80% of patients presenting with chronic ankle instability but is often not considered in the diagnosis or treatment. Operative procedures to repair ankle instability have shown good clinical results, but the effects of these reconstruction procedures on isolated subtalar instability are not well understood. The goal of this study was to investigate (...) the effect of the Gould modification of the Broström procedure and a new tenodesis reconstruction procedure on ankle and subtalar joint kinematics after simulating a subtalar injury.Kinematic data were collected on 7 cadaveric ankles during inversion through the range of ankle flexion and during internal rotation. Testing was performed on the intact foot; after sectioning the calcaneofibular ligament, cervical ligament, and interosseous talocalcaneal ligament; after the Gould modification of the Broström

2016 Foot & Ankle International

8. Chronic Neck Pain: Making the Connection Between Capsular Ligament Laxity and Cervical Instability (Full text)

Chronic Neck Pain: Making the Connection Between Capsular Ligament Laxity and Cervical Instability The use of conventional modalities for chronic neck pain remains debatable, primarily because most treatments have had limited success. We conducted a review of the literature published up to December 2013 on the diagnostic and treatment modalities of disorders related to chronic neck pain and concluded that, despite providing temporary relief of symptoms, these treatments do not address (...) the specific problems of healing and are not likely to offer long-term cures. The objectives of this narrative review are to provide an overview of chronic neck pain as it relates to cervical instability, to describe the anatomical features of the cervical spine and the impact of capsular ligament laxity, to discuss the disorders causing chronic neck pain and their current treatments, and lastly, to present prolotherapy as a viable treatment option that heals injured ligaments, restores stability

2014 The open orthopaedics journal PubMed

9. Cervical ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament: factors affecting the effect of posterior decompression (Full text)

Cervical ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament: factors affecting the effect of posterior decompression Decompression procedures for cervical myelopathy of ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament (OPLL) are anterior decompression with fusion, laminoplasty, and posterior decompression with fusion. Preoperative and postoperative stress analyses were performed for compression from hill-shaped cervical OPLL using 3-dimensional finite element method (FEM) spinal cord (...) stress increased again. As anterior compression was higher, the stress increased more. In the advanced kyphosis  + intervertebral mobility model, intraspinal stress increased more than in the only advanced kyphosis model following decompression. Intraspinal stress increased more as intervertebral mobility increased.In high residual compression or instability after posterior decompression, anterior decompression with fusion or posterior decompression with instrumented fusion should be considered.

2016 The journal of spinal cord medicine PubMed

10. Acute cervical spine trauma

index of suspicion and proper investigation is required to detect bone or ligament damage that can otherwise result in spinal cord injury. If suspected, immediate stabilisation using a cervical hard collar, head blocks, and backboard is essential until serious injury can be excluded by neurological assessment and CT scan or other imaging. Maintenance of mean arterial blood pressure and consideration of the use of methylprednisolone are potentially important and time-sensitive therapeutic (...) interventions. The use of methylprednisolone, while certainly time-sensitive, is an intervention whose efficacy is debated among professionals. Early consultation with a specialist is advisable to avoid delays that may affect patient outcome. This monograph concentrates on cervical spine trauma in adults. Definition Acute cervical spine trauma encompasses a wide range of potential injuries to ligaments, muscles, bones, and spinal cord that follow acute incidents ranging from a seemingly innocuous fall

2018 BMJ Best Practice

11. A comparison of 4 airway devices on cervical spine alignment in cadaver models of global ligamentous instability at c1-2. (Full text)

A comparison of 4 airway devices on cervical spine alignment in cadaver models of global ligamentous instability at c1-2. The effects of advanced airway management on cervical spine alignment in patients with upper cervical spine instability are uncertain.To examine the potential for mechanical disruption during endotracheal intubation in cadavers with unstable cervical spines, we performed a prospective observational cohort study with 3 cadaver subjects. We created an unstable, type II (...) odontoid fracture with global ligamentous instability at C1-2 in lightly embalmed cadavers, followed by repetitive intubations with 4 different airway devices (Airtraq laryngoscope, Lightwand, intubating laryngeal mask airway [LMA], and Macintosh laryngoscope) while manual in-line stabilization was applied. Motion analysis data were collected using an electromagnetic device to assess the degree of angular movement in 3 axes (flexion-extension, axial rotation, and lateral bending) during the intubation

2013 Anesthesia and Analgesia PubMed

12. A comparison of 4 airway devices on cervical spine alignment in cadaver models of global ligamentous instability at c1-2. (Full text)

A comparison of 4 airway devices on cervical spine alignment in cadaver models of global ligamentous instability at c1-2. The effects of advanced airway management on cervical spine alignment in patients with upper cervical spine instability are uncertain.To examine the potential for mechanical disruption during endotracheal intubation in cadavers with unstable cervical spines, we performed a prospective observational cohort study with 3 cadaver subjects. We created an unstable, type II (...) odontoid fracture with global ligamentous instability at C1-2 in lightly embalmed cadavers, followed by repetitive intubations with 4 different airway devices (Airtraq laryngoscope, Lightwand, intubating laryngeal mask airway [LMA], and Macintosh laryngoscope) while manual in-line stabilization was applied. Motion analysis data were collected using an electromagnetic device to assess the degree of angular movement in 3 axes (flexion-extension, axial rotation, and lateral bending) during the intubation

2013 Anesthesia and analgesia PubMed

13. Cervical Ligamentous Instability

Cervical Ligamentous Instability Cervical Ligamentous Instability Toggle navigation Brain Head & Neck Chest Endocrine Abdomen Musculoskeletal Skin Infectious Disease Hematology & Oncology Cohorts Diagnostics Emergency Findings Procedures Prevention & Management Pharmacy Resuscitation Trauma Emergency Procedures Ultrasound Cardiovascular Emergencies Lung Emergencies Infectious Disease Pediatrics Neurologic Emergencies Skin Exposure Miscellaneous Abuse Cancer Administration 4 Cervical Ligamentous (...) Instability Cervical Ligamentous Instability Aka: Cervical Ligamentous Instability From Related Chapters II. Symptoms and signs Mild Sensation of giving way with certain range of motion Provoked with flexion and extension Neurologic dysfunction varies may be present III. Imaging See IV. Management: Return to play parameters Relative contraindication to s Must be functional in all range of motion directions Absolute contraindications to s Anterior translation of adjacent e >3.5 mm Rotation or angulation

2015 FP Notebook

14. The correlation between ossification of the nuchal ligament and pathological changes of the cervical spine in patients with cervical spondylosis. (Full text)

The correlation between ossification of the nuchal ligament and pathological changes of the cervical spine in patients with cervical spondylosis. A retrospective clinical data analysis.This study was conducted to investigate the correlation between ossification of the nuchal ligament (ONL) and pathological changes of the cervical spine in patients with cervical spondylosis.ONL can usually be found in cervical spondylosis. Thus, it is important to find the correlation between ONL (...) corresponds to the most stenotic level of the spinal canal. The location of ONL also correlates with the level of osteophyte formation and intervertebral disc degeneration, indicating that ONL has correspondence to instability-related cervical pathological changes in cervical spondylosis.

2014 Spine PubMed

15. Diagnostic validity of alternative manual stress radiographic technique detecting subtalar instability with concomitant ankle instability. (PubMed)

Diagnostic validity of alternative manual stress radiographic technique detecting subtalar instability with concomitant ankle instability. To incorporate a diagnostic technique for measuring subtalar motion, namely "talar rotation", into the manual supination-anterior drawer stress radiographs for evaluation of the severity of rotational instability, and to determine its clinical relevance.Sixty-six patients with combined injuries of the anterior talofibular (ATFL) and calcaneofibular ligament (...) (CFL) underwent three bilateral manual stress radiographs, and mean increments of anterior talar translation (mm), talar tilt (°), and talar rotation (%) in the injured ankle compared to the normal opposite side were measured with the technique. Intraobserver and interobserver reliability of each measure was assessed, and the difference in the degree of increments was compared according to the presence of additional cervical ligament insufficiency.Ankle stress radiographic intraobserver

2016 Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy

16. Development of a Retro-Odontoid pseudotumor in the absence of atlantoaxial instability or rheumatoid arthritis Post-Laminoplasty: case report. (PubMed)

Development of a Retro-Odontoid pseudotumor in the absence of atlantoaxial instability or rheumatoid arthritis Post-Laminoplasty: case report. A retro-odontoid pseudotumor (ROP) is commonly associated with atlantoaxial instability (AAI) or rheumatoid arthritis (RA). However, we describe a patient with ROP in the absence of AAI or RA. An 81-year-old man who did not have a history of trauma to the head and neck admitted with neck pain, right upper extremity numbness, lower limb weakness (...) , and walking disturbance. He had a history of C2 dome and C3-7 laminoplasty 10 years ago. Magnetic resonance imaging revealed a retro-odontoid mass with cervical cord compression. Dynamic radiography did not show signs of AAI. He underwent C1 laminectomy without fixation for the ROP. We speculated that the load on C1 and C2 increased because of the progression of kyphosis from C2 to C7 with increases in range of motion, which in turn caused change in the biomechanics of the cervical spine, leading

2019 British Journal of Neurosurgery

17. Comparison of four Airway Devices on Cervical Spine Alignment in a Cadaver Model with Global Ligamentous Instability at C5-6. (PubMed)

Comparison of four Airway Devices on Cervical Spine Alignment in a Cadaver Model with Global Ligamentous Instability at C5-6. Human cadaveric study using various intubation devices in a cervical spine instability model.We sought to evaluate various intubation techniques and determine which device results in the least cervical motion in the setting of a global ligamentous instability model.Many patients presenting with a cervical spine injury have other injuries that may require rapid airway (...) management with endotracheal intubation. Secondary neurologic injuries may occur in these patients because of further displacement at the level of injury, vascular insult, or systemic decrease in oxygen delivery. The most appropriate technique for achieving endotracheal intubation in the patient with a cervical spine injury remains controversial.A global ligamentous instability at the C5-C6 vertebral level was created in lightly embalmed cadavers. An electromagnetic motion analysis device (Liberty

2011 Spine

18. Sport pre-participation screening for asymptomatic atlanto-axial instability (AAI) in Down Syndrome (DS) patients

genetic material on chromosome 21, with one in every 1,000 babies born in the UK affected (1). DS patients are at risk of atlanto-axial instability (AAI) although AAI can occur in other conditions, such as rheumatoid arthritis, but this position statement deals specifically with DS patients and asymptomatic AAI. AAI, also referred to as atlanto-axial subluxation, is defined as increased movement between the 1 st (atlas) and 2 nd (axial) cervical vertebra joint articulation, the atlantoaxial joint (2 (...) Sport pre-participation screening for asymptomatic atlanto-axial instability (AAI) in Down Syndrome (DS) patients Sport pre-participation screening for asymptomatic atlanto-axial instability (AAI) in Down Syndrome (DS) patients | BJSM blog - social media's leading SEM voice by Faculty of Sport and Exercise Medicine POSITION STATEMENT Introduction Down Syndrome (DS) is a clinical syndrome comprising of typical facial features and various physical and intellectual disabilities due to extra

2017 British Journal of Sports Medicine Blog

19. The Effect of Nuchal Ligament Calcification on Cervical Function in Patients With Neck Pain

The Effect of Nuchal Ligament Calcification on Cervical Function in Patients With Neck Pain The Effect of Nuchal Ligament Calcification on Cervical Function in Patients With Neck Pain - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting registration or results information. Search for terms x × Study Record Detail Saved Studies Save this study Warning You have reached the maximum number of saved studies (100). Please remove one or more (...) studies before adding more. The Effect of Nuchal Ligament Calcification on Cervical Function in Patients With Neck Pain The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our for details. ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02362555 Recruitment Status : Completed First Posted : February 13, 2015 Last Update Posted : November 13, 2015 Sponsor: Changhua

2015 Clinical Trials

20. Analysis of Radiography Findings of Ossification of Nuchal Ligament of Cervical Spine in Patients With Cervical Spondylosis. (PubMed)

, may aggravate cervical spine instability, leading to cervical spondylosis. Thus, it is important to understand the characteristics of ONL in patients who are diagnosed with cervical spondylosis.Medical records of 372 patients with cervical spondylosis were reviewed. Data analysis included patients' sex, age, location and classification of ONL, and ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament (OPLL). Radiological features were evaluated by lateral plain radiography and computed tomography (...) Analysis of Radiography Findings of Ossification of Nuchal Ligament of Cervical Spine in Patients With Cervical Spondylosis. Retrospective clinical data analysis.This study was conducted to investigate the incidence, related factors, and radiography findings of ossification of the nuchal ligament (ONL) in patient with cervical spondylosis, which could serve as a basis for further studies of the relationships between ONL and cervical spondylosis.Injury to nuchal ligament, which might cause ONL

2013 Spine

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