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Cerebrovascular Accident Risk in Women

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1. Cerebrovascular Accident Risk in Women

Cerebrovascular Accident Risk in Women Cerebrovascular Accident Risk in Women Toggle navigation Brain Head & Neck Chest Endocrine Abdomen Musculoskeletal Skin Infectious Disease Hematology & Oncology Cohorts Diagnostics Emergency Findings Procedures Prevention & Management Pharmacy Resuscitation Trauma Emergency Procedures Ultrasound Cardiovascular Emergencies Lung Emergencies Infectious Disease Pediatrics Neurologic Emergencies Skin Exposure Miscellaneous Abuse Cancer Administration 4 (...) Cerebrovascular Accident Risk in Women Cerebrovascular Accident Risk in Women Aka: Cerebrovascular Accident Risk in Women , Stroke Risk in Women , CVA Risk in Women II. Risk Factors: Specific for younger women of child bearing age See with aura containing No increased stroke risk with only s Pregnancy (highest risk) Increased risk with Highest risk for (PIH, ) Abuse III. Risk Factors: Rates of Cerebrovascular Accident Absolute risks of stroke in young women Healthy Woman: 6 per 100,000 per year History: 12

2018 FP Notebook

2. Association Between the Subtypes of Stroke and the Various Risk Factors of Cerebrovascular Accidents: A Cross-Sectional Study (Full text)

Association Between the Subtypes of Stroke and the Various Risk Factors of Cerebrovascular Accidents: A Cross-Sectional Study Stroke is a common heterogeneous disease classified into two subtypes: ischemic and hemorrhagic. Many risk factors have been associated with stroke, and the most well-known is hypertension. Although the relation between stroke and these risk factors has been emphasized before, there is inconclusive evidence about the relation between the different risk factors (...) and the subtypes of stroke. The present study aims to fill this gap.In the present retrospective, cross-sectional study, 827 patients with diagnosed stroke were included. Demographic data and the acquired risk factors were determined using pre-designed questionnaires. Statistical analysis was conducted using chi-square test, Student t-test, and Pearson correlation coefficient.Among the included 827 patients, 432 (52.2%) were men and 395 (47.8%) were women. The mean±standard deviation of age was 68.41±12.46 y

2018 The Eurasian journal of medicine PubMed

3. Cerebrovascular Accidents During Mechanical Circulatory Support: New Predictors of Ischemic and Hemorrhagic Strokes and Outcome. (PubMed)

Cerebrovascular Accidents During Mechanical Circulatory Support: New Predictors of Ischemic and Hemorrhagic Strokes and Outcome. Left ventricular assist devices (LVADs) have emerged as an effective treatment for patients with advanced heart failure refractory to medical therapy. Post-LVAD strokes are an important cause of morbidity and reduced quality of life. Data on risks that distinguish between ischemic and hemorrhagic post-LVAD strokes are limited. The aim of this study was to determine (...) the incidence of post-LVAD ischemic and hemorrhagic strokes, their association with stroke risk factors, and their effect on mortality.Data are collected prospectively on all patients with LVADs implanted at Brigham and Women's Hospital. We added retrospectively collected clinical data for these analyses.From 2007 to 2016, 183 patients (median age, 57; 80% male) underwent implantation of HeartMate II LVAD as a bridge to transplant (52%), destination therapy (39%), or bridge to transplant candidacy (8

2018 Stroke

4. Risk of cerebrovascular accidents and ischemic heart disease in patients with inflammatory bowel disease: a systematic review and meta-analysis. (PubMed)

Risk of cerebrovascular accidents and ischemic heart disease in patients with inflammatory bowel disease: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is associated with an increased risk of venous thromboembolic disease. However, it is unclear whether IBD modifies the risk of arterial thromboembolic events, including cerebrovascular accidents (CVA) and ischemic heart disease (IHD).We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis of cohort and case-control studies (...) that reported incident cases of CVA and/or IHD in patients with IBD and a non-IBD control population (or compared with a standardized population). We calculated pooled odds ratios (ORs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs).We analyzed data from 9 studies (2424 CVA events in 5 studies, 6478 IHD events in 6 studies). IBD was associated with a modest increase in the risk of CVA (5 studies; OR, 1.18; 95% CI, 1.09-1.27), especially among women (4 studies; OR, 1.28; 95% CI, 1.17-1.41) compared with men (OR, 1.11

2014 Clinical gastroenterology and hepatology : the official clinical practice journal of the American Gastroenterological Association

5. Cerebrovascular Accident Risk in Women

Cerebrovascular Accident Risk in Women Cerebrovascular Accident Risk in Women Toggle navigation Brain Head & Neck Chest Endocrine Abdomen Musculoskeletal Skin Infectious Disease Hematology & Oncology Cohorts Diagnostics Emergency Findings Procedures Prevention & Management Pharmacy Resuscitation Trauma Emergency Procedures Ultrasound Cardiovascular Emergencies Lung Emergencies Infectious Disease Pediatrics Neurologic Emergencies Skin Exposure Miscellaneous Abuse Cancer Administration 4 (...) Cerebrovascular Accident Risk in Women Cerebrovascular Accident Risk in Women Aka: Cerebrovascular Accident Risk in Women , Stroke Risk in Women , CVA Risk in Women II. Risk Factors: Specific for younger women of child bearing age See with aura containing No increased stroke risk with only s Pregnancy (highest risk) Increased risk with Highest risk for (PIH, ) Abuse III. Risk Factors: Rates of Cerebrovascular Accident Absolute risks of stroke in young women Healthy Woman: 6 per 100,000 per year History: 12

2015 FP Notebook

6. Safety and Efficacy of Periprocedural Apixaban Use for Reduction of the Risk of Cerebrovascular Events in Patients Undergoing Ventricular Tachycardia Radiofrequency Catheter Ablation

Safety and Efficacy of Periprocedural Apixaban Use for Reduction of the Risk of Cerebrovascular Events in Patients Undergoing Ventricular Tachycardia Radiofrequency Catheter Ablation Safety and Efficacy of Periprocedural Apixaban Use for Reduction of the Risk of Cerebrovascular Events in Patients Undergoing Ventricular Tachycardia Radiofrequency Catheter Ablation - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting registration (...) or results information. Search for terms x × Study Record Detail Saved Studies Save this study Warning You have reached the maximum number of saved studies (100). Please remove one or more studies before adding more. Safety and Efficacy of Periprocedural Apixaban Use for Reduction of the Risk of Cerebrovascular Events in Patients Undergoing Ventricular Tachycardia Radiofrequency Catheter Ablation (STROKE-VT) The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor

2016 Clinical Trials

7. Severe maternal morbidity surveillance: Monitoring pregnant women at high risk for prolonged hospitalisation and death. (PubMed)

Severe maternal morbidity surveillance: Monitoring pregnant women at high risk for prolonged hospitalisation and death. There is no international consensus on the definition and components of severe maternal morbidity (SMM).To propose a comprehensive definition of SMM, to create an empirically justified list of SMM types and subtypes, and to use this to examine SMM in Canada.Severe maternal morbidity was defined as a set of heterogeneous maternal conditions known to be associated with severe (...) and resuscitation (241.1 per 1000), hepatic failure (147.1 per 1000), dialysis (67.6 per 1000), and cerebrovascular accident/stroke (51.0 per 1000). The PAF for prolonged hospital stay related to SMM was 17.8% (95% CI 17.3, 18.3), while the PAF for maternal death associated with SMM was 88.0% (95% CI 74.6, 94.4).The proposed definition of SMM and associated list of SMM subtypes could be used for standardised SMM surveillance, with rate ratios and PAFs associated with specific SMM types/subtypes serving

2019 Paediatric and perinatal epidemiology

8. Le profil lipidique et glucidique des accidents vasculaires cérébraux ischémiques à Dakar (Full text)

Le profil lipidique et glucidique des accidents vasculaires cérébraux ischémiques à Dakar Cerebrovascular accident (CVA) is defined as the rapid development of localized or global clinical signs of neurological dysfunction with no apparent cause other than that of vascular origin. A variety of risk factors have been identified and associated with the occurrence of Ischemic CVA, including glucose and lipid metabolism disturbances. We conducted a retrospective study at the Clinic of Neurology (...) . We here report a case series of patients between ages 10-99 years, with an average age of 67,06 years. Males were 42,55%, sex-ratio was 0,74 in favour of women. 26% of cases had impaired fasting glucose levels during the acute phase of ICVA. The lipid profile showed an increase in total cholesterol level in 52.34% of patients. Low levels of HDL cholesterol were found in 34.47% of patients. Hypertriglyceridemia was only observed in 3% of patients. LDL levels were high in 12,76% of patients

2016 The Pan African medical journal PubMed

9. Clinical practice guidelines for the care of girls and women with Turner syndrome: proceedings from the 2016 Cincinnati International Turner Syndrome Meeting (Full text)

for motherhood such as adoption or using a gestational carrier should be mentioned during preconception counseling (⨁◯◯◯). R 3.7. We suggest that all women with TS should be counseled about the increased cardiovascular risk of pregnancy (⨁◯◯◯). R 3.8. We recommend imaging of the thoracic aorta and heart with a transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) and CT/cardiac magnetic resonance scan (CMR) within 2 years before planned pregnancy or assisted reproductive therapy (ART) in all women with TS (⨁◯◯◯). R 3.9. We (...) suggest that ART or spontaneous conception should be avoided in case of an ascending aortic size index (ASI) of >2.5 cm/m 2 or an ascending ASI 2.0–2.5 cm/m 2 with associated risk factors for aortic dissection (AoD), which include bicuspid aortic valve, elongation of the transverse aorta, coarctation of the aorta and hypertension (⨁◯◯◯). R 3.10. We suggest that women with a history of AoD should be advised against pregnancy. If already pregnant these women should be followed very closely

2016 European Society of Human Reproduction and Embryology PubMed

10. Treatment of Low Bone Density or Osteoporosis to Prevent Fractures in Men and Women: A Clinical Practice Guideline Update from the American College of Physicians (Full text)

older women (aged ≥75 y) showed no difference in overall adverse effects from raloxifene ( ). Estrogen Therapy for Postmenopausal Women High-quality evidence from the Women's Health Initiative showed that menopausal hormone therapy was associated with increased risk for cerebrovascular accidents and venous thromboembolic events ( , ). One subsequent assessment of the trial showed that the higher incidence of breast cancer decreased after therapy was discontinued ( ). Another study showed (...) . Evidence from a previous systematic review ( ) showed that estrogen decreased fracture risk; however, many of these studies focused on postmenopausal women with low bone density, or on postmenopausal women in general rather than those with established osteoporosis. Estrogen treatment is associated with serious harms, such as increased risk for cerebrovascular accidents and venous thromboembolism, and these harms significantly outweigh the potential benefits. Although raloxifene has some benefit

2017 American College of Physicians PubMed

11. European Society of Endocrinology Clinical practice guidelines for the care of girls and women with Turner syndrome

for motherhood such as adoption or using a gestational carrier should be mentioned during preconception counseling (⨁◯◯◯). R 3.7. We suggest that all women with TS should be counseled about the increased cardiovascular risk of pregnancy (⨁◯◯◯). R 3.8. We recommend imaging of the thoracic aorta and heart with a transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) and CT/cardiac magnetic resonance scan (CMR) within 2 years before planned pregnancy or assisted reproductive therapy (ART) in all women with TS (⨁◯◯◯). R 3.9. We (...) suggest that ART or spontaneous conception should be avoided in case of an ascending aortic size index (ASI) of >2.5 cm/m 2 or an ascending ASI 2.0–2.5 cm/m 2 with associated risk factors for aortic dissection (AoD), which include bicuspid aortic valve, elongation of the transverse aorta, coarctation of the aorta and hypertension (⨁◯◯◯). R 3.10. We suggest that women with a history of AoD should be advised against pregnancy. If already pregnant these women should be followed very closely

2017 European Society of Endocrinology

12. Breast Cancer: Medication Use to Reduce Risk

, these absolute benefits are likely even higher for women with a predicted breast cancer risk of 3% or greater. Harms of aromatase inhibitors include vasomotor symptoms, gastrointestinal symptoms, and musculoskeletal pain. Data on harms of aromatase inhibitors for the primary risk reduction of breast cancer are limited, especially long-term harms. A trend toward increased cardiovascular events (such as transient ischemic attack and cerebrovascular accident) has been observed in some aromatase inhibitor trials (...) not be construed as an official position of the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality or the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Recommendation Summary Population Recommendation Grade Women at increased risk for breast cancer The USPSTF recommends that clinicians offer to prescribe risk-reducing medications, such as tamoxifen, raloxifene, or aromatase inhibitors, to women who are at increased risk for breast cancer and at low risk for adverse medication effects. Women not at increased risk

2019 U.S. Preventive Services Task Force

13. Intrapartum care for healthy women and babies

of/infected with HIV T oxoplasmosis – women receiving treatment Current active infection of chicken pox/rubella/genital herpes in the woman or baby Tuberculosis under treatment Immune Systemic lupus erythematosus Scleroderma Renal Abnormal renal function Renal disease requiring supervision by a renal specialist Neurological Epilepsy Myasthenia gravis Previous cerebrovascular accident Gastrointestinal Liver disease associated with current abnormal liver function tests Psychiatric Psychiatric disorder (...) of birth Choosing planned place of birth Choosing planned place of birth W Women at low risk of complications omen at low risk of complications 1.1.1 Explain to both multiparous and nulliparous women who are at low risk of complications that giving birth is generally very safe for both the woman and her baby. [2014] [2014] 1.1.2 Explain to both multiparous and nulliparous women that they may choose any birth setting (home, freestanding midwifery unit, alongside midwifery unit or obstetric unit

2014 National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence - Clinical Guidelines

14. Effects of Dietary Sodium and Potassium Intake on Chronic Disease Outcomes and Risks

Effects of Dietary Sodium and Potassium Intake on Chronic Disease Outcomes and Risks Comparative Effectiveness Review Number 206 Sodium and Potassium Intake: Effects on Chronic Disease Outcomes and Risk s eComparative Effectiveness Review Number 206 Sodium and Potassium Intake: Effects on Chronic Disease Outcomes and Risks Prepared for: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality U.S. Department of Health and Human Services 5600 Fishers Lane Rockville, MD 20857 www.ahrq.gov Contract No. 290-2015 (...) No. 18-EHC009-EF June 2018ii Key Messages Purpose of Review To synthesize the evidence regarding the effects of dietary sodium reduction and increased potassium intake on blood pressure and risk for cardiovascular diseases (CVD) and renal disease outcomes and related risk factors. Key Messages • Decreasing dietary sodium intake most likely reduces blood pressure in normotensive adults and more so in those with hypertension. • Higher sodium intake may be associated with greater risk for developing

2018 Effective Health Care Program (AHRQ)

15. Cardiovascular Disease Risk: Screening With Electrocardiography

to the specific patient or situation. Similarly, the USPSTF notes that policy and coverage decisions involve considerations in addition to the evidence of clinical benefits and harms. Rationale Importance Cardiovascular disease, which encompasses atherosclerotic conditions such as coronary heart disease, cerebrovascular disease, and peripheral arterial disease, is the most common cause of death among adults in the United States. Treatment to prevent CVD events by modifying risk factors is currently informed (...) is the most common cause of death among adults in the United States, accounting for 1 in 3 deaths. Although CVD remains a significant cause of illness and death, mortality from CVD has been decreasing over time in the United States. Currently, the annual incidence of new cases of myocardial infarction and cerebral vascular accident in the United States is 580,000 and 610,000, respectively. Scope of Review In 2012, the USPSTF recommended against screening for coronary heart disease with ECG in low-risk

2018 U.S. Preventive Services Task Force

16. Sodium and Potassium Intake: Effects on Chronic Disease Outcomes and Risks

Sodium and Potassium Intake: Effects on Chronic Disease Outcomes and Risks Comparative Effectiveness Review Number 206 Sodium and Potassium Intake: Effects on Chronic Disease Outcomes and Risk s eComparative Effectiveness Review Number 206 Sodium and Potassium Intake: Effects on Chronic Disease Outcomes and Risks Prepared for: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality U.S. Department of Health and Human Services 5600 Fishers Lane Rockville, MD 20857 www.ahrq.gov Contract No. 290-2015-00010-I (...) -EHC009-EF June 2018ii Key Messages Purpose of Review To synthesize the evidence regarding the effects of dietary sodium reduction and increased potassium intake on blood pressure and risk for cardiovascular diseases (CVD) and renal disease outcomes and related risk factors. Key Messages • Decreasing dietary sodium intake most likely reduces blood pressure in normotensive adults and more so in those with hypertension. • Higher sodium intake may be associated with greater risk for developing

2018 Effective Health Care Program (AHRQ)

17. Metabolic disturbances in non-obese women with polycystic ovary syndrome: a systematic review and meta-analysis. (PubMed)

change was found in Asians. No study reported specifically an incidence of myocardial infarction, stroke, cerebrovascular accident, arterial occlusive disease, and coronary heart disease in nonobese women with PCOS.Nonobese women with PCOS also suffer from metabolic disturbances and the risk of long-term metabolic complications. Further efforts should be made to elucidate underlying mechanisms and possible interventions in the early phase.Copyright © 2018 American Society for Reproductive Medicine (...) intolerance (IGT), prediabetes, dyslipidemia, hypercholesterolemia, hypertriglyceridemia, and low high-density lipoprotein (low-HDL), as well as other metabolic outcomes such as type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), hypertension, metabolic syndrome (Mets), myocardial infarction, stroke, cerebrovascular accident, arterial occlusive disease, and coronary heart disease.Compared to nonobese controls, nonobese women with PCOS showed a higher prevalence of hyperinsulinemia (odds ratio [OR], 36.27; 95% confidence

2019 Fertility and Sterility

18. Coffee consumption and mortality in Japanese men and women: A pooled analysis of eight population-based cohort studies in Japan (Japan Cohort Consortium). (PubMed)

Coffee consumption and mortality in Japanese men and women: A pooled analysis of eight population-based cohort studies in Japan (Japan Cohort Consortium). Coffee consumption is increasing globally. We aimed to assess the effect of coffee consumption on the risk of all-cause and cause-specific mortality in a pooled analysis of eight population-based cohort studies in Japan (Japan Cohort Consortium). Data came from eight Japanese cohort studies (144,750 men and 168,631 women). During a mean (...) follow-up time of 17 years, 52,943 deaths occurred. More specifically, 19,495 cancer deaths, 7321 deaths due to heart disease, 6387 cerebrovascular, 3490 respiratory disease and 3382 injuries and accidents. A random effects model was applied to obtain pooled hazard ratios (HRs) and 95% confidence intervals (95%CIs). In both sexes, coffee consumption up to 5 cups/day was overall protective in relation to all-cause mortality, with the association attenuating in the highest category of coffee

2019 Preventive Medicine

19. Mortality of midlife women with surgically verified endometriosis-a cohort study including 2.5 million person-years of observation. (PubMed)

to this: the adjusted MRR was 0.88 (95% CI 0.81 to 0.96) for any cancer and 0.55 (95% CI 0.47 to 0.65) for cardiovascular diseases, including 0.52 (95% CI 0.42 to 0.64) for ischemic heart disease and 0.60 (95% CI 0.47 to 0.76) for cerebrovascular disease. Mortality due to alcohol, accidents and violence, respiratory, and digestive disease-related causes was also decreased.These results are limited to women with endometriosis diagnosed by surgery. In addition, the study does not extend into the oldest age groups (...) Mortality of midlife women with surgically verified endometriosis-a cohort study including 2.5 million person-years of observation. Is all-cause and cause-specific mortality increased among women with surgically verified endometriosis?The all-cause and cause-specific mortality in midlife was lower throughout the follow-up among women with surgically verified endometriosis compared to the reference cohort.Endometriosis has been associated with an increased risk of comorbidities such as certain

2019 Human Reproduction

20. Role of Noninvasive Testing in the Clinical Evaluation of Women With Suspected Ischemic Heart Disease

marker who is otherwise classified as being at intermediate IHD risk should be reclassified as at high IHD risk. Table 2. High IHD Clinical Risk Markers for Symptomatic Women Peripheral arterial disease Diabetes mellitus: 10-y history or poorly controlled in a woman >40 y of age Chronic obstructive lung disease Transient ischemic attacks or cerebrovascular accident Chronic kidney disease Functional disability: inability to perform activities of daily living or <5 estimated DASI METs DASI METS (...) and prognostic accuracy for exercise treadmill testing (ETT) with electrocardiography, stress echocardiography, stress myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI) with single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) or positron emission tomography (PET), stress CMR, and CCTA. Within this document, quality evidence is synthesized, and important gaps in knowledge about the assessment of IHD risk in women are identified. The 2005 document included sections on the evaluation of asymptomatic women, a topic

2014 American Heart Association

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