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Cephalhematoma

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1. Cephalhematoma

Cephalhematoma Cephalhematoma Toggle navigation Brain Head & Neck Chest Endocrine Abdomen Musculoskeletal Skin Infectious Disease Hematology & Oncology Cohorts Diagnostics Emergency Findings Procedures Prevention & Management Pharmacy Resuscitation Trauma Emergency Procedures Ultrasound Cardiovascular Emergencies Lung Emergencies Infectious Disease Pediatrics Neurologic Emergencies Skin Exposure Miscellaneous Abuse Cancer Administration 4 Cephalhematoma Cephalhematoma Aka: Cephalhematoma (...) , Cephalohematoma From Related Chapters II. Epidemiology : 0.2 to 2.5% of live births III. Causes Prolonged labor Instrumented delivery (e.g. forceps) IV. Pathophysiology Rupture of blood vessels between skull and periosteum Results in subperiosteal blood collection Bleeding limited by lines V. Signs Cephalhematoma does not cross lines Well-demarcated, fluctuant swelling Most commonly occurs over No overlying Appears by day 2-3 of life and may worsen over the first few days May take months to resolve completely

2018 FP Notebook

2. Cephalhematoma and petechial rashes associated with acute parvovirus B19 infection: a case report. (PubMed)

Cephalhematoma and petechial rashes associated with acute parvovirus B19 infection: a case report. Parvovirus B19 can cause petechial rashes in the acute phase of illness as well as erythema infectiosum (fifth disease) during convalescence. This petechial rash is often called "gloves and socks" syndrome because of the typical distribution of the eruption. However, involvement of other sites (e.g., intertriginous area) and generalized involvement have been recently recognized. We report here (...) a patient with parvovirus-associated petechiae and cephalhematoma.The patient was a previously healthy 10-year-old boy. There was a family history of fatal bleeding; his sister died of intracranial bleeding with an uncertain cause at the age of 5 months. The patient was admitted to our hospital because of sudden onset of cephalhematoma associated with fever. He reported that he had no recent head trauma but that he massaged his scalp on the day before admission. On admission, his temperature was 38.8°C

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2013 BMC Infectious Diseases

3. Cephalhematoma infected by Escherichia coli presenting as an extensive scalp abscess. (PubMed)

Cephalhematoma infected by Escherichia coli presenting as an extensive scalp abscess. Cephalhematoma is normally a self-limiting condition affecting 1%-2% of live births, especially following instrumental forceps delivery. The sub-periosteal bleed is characteristically limited by the cranial sutures. Although benign in most instances, this condition may, in a small proportion of cases, be complicated by hyperbilirubinemia or scalp infection. We describe a case of cephalhematoma in a newborn

2012 Journal of Pediatric Surgery

4. Cephalhematoma

Cephalhematoma Cephalhematoma Toggle navigation Brain Head & Neck Chest Endocrine Abdomen Musculoskeletal Skin Infectious Disease Hematology & Oncology Cohorts Diagnostics Emergency Findings Procedures Prevention & Management Pharmacy Resuscitation Trauma Emergency Procedures Ultrasound Cardiovascular Emergencies Lung Emergencies Infectious Disease Pediatrics Neurologic Emergencies Skin Exposure Miscellaneous Abuse Cancer Administration 4 Cephalhematoma Cephalhematoma Aka: Cephalhematoma (...) , Cephalohematoma From Related Chapters II. Epidemiology : 0.2 to 2.5% of live births III. Causes Prolonged labor Instrumented delivery (e.g. forceps) IV. Pathophysiology Rupture of blood vessels between skull and periosteum Results in subperiosteal blood collection Bleeding limited by lines V. Signs Cephalhematoma does not cross lines Well-demarcated, fluctuant swelling Most commonly occurs over No overlying Appears by day 2-3 of life and may worsen over the first few days May take months to resolve completely

2015 FP Notebook

5. Exsanguinating Cephalhematoma: A Report of Two Cases (PubMed)

Exsanguinating Cephalhematoma: A Report of Two Cases 14180530 1996 12 01 2018 12 01 0008-4409 91 1964 Jul 25 Canadian Medical Association journal Can Med Assoc J EXSANGUINATING CEPHALHEMATOMA: A REPORT OF TWO CASES. 177-9 VALENTINE G H GH eng Journal Article Canada Can Med Assoc J 0414110 0008-4409 OM Birth Injuries Blood Transfusion Hematoma Hemorrhagic Disorders Humans Infant Infant, Newborn Vitamin K Deficiency Bleeding BLOOD TRANSFUSION HEMATOMA HEMORRHAGIC DISEASE OF NEWBORN INFANT

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1964 Canadian Medical Association Journal

6. Hyperbilirubinemia in a Newborn Infant Probably Related to Cephalhematoma (PubMed)

Hyperbilirubinemia in a Newborn Infant Probably Related to Cephalhematoma 14176325 1996 12 01 2018 12 01 0027-9684 56 1964 Jul Journal of the National Medical Association J Natl Med Assoc HYPERBILIRUBINEMIA IN A NEWBORN INFANT PROBABLY RELATED TO CEPHALHEMATOMA. 329-30 HYATT H W HW Sr eng Journal Article United States J Natl Med Assoc 7503090 0027-9684 OM Cerebral Hemorrhage Exchange Transfusion, Whole Blood Hematoma Humans Hyperbilirubinemia Infant, Newborn Infant, Newborn, Diseases Jaundice

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1964 Journal of the National Medical Association

7. Genotyping of Human Platelet Alloantigens : Non-invasive Prenatal Diagnosis

of this disease is about 1 in 800-1000 births. The most severe forms associated petechiae, purpura or cephalhematoma at birth with a major risk of cerebral hemorrhages (20% to 25% of cases) can cause the death of the child (15%) or severe neurological troubles (15-30%) Biologic diagnosis requires the detection of anti-platelet antibodies with maternal determination of platelet phenotypes and genotypes of the two parents. The objective of this work is to develop specific molecular tools to fetal platelet (...) Maternal-fetal Biological: Extra blood draw samples Biological: extra amniotic fluid samples Not Applicable Detailed Description: Neonatal thrombocytopenia isoimmunization maternal-fetal is related to maternal immunization against fetal platelet antigens with paternal origin not present in the mother. It is considered the equivalent of hemolytic disease of the newborn. The incidence of this disease is about 1 in 800-1000 births. The most severe forms associated petechiae, purpura or cephalhematoma

2016 Clinical Trials

8. Push With Lower Uterine Segment Support

impacted and is associated with high risk of maternal injuries and perinatal injuries. The most common complication is extension of uterine incision which could involve the vagina, bladder, ureters and broad ligament. Neonates are also at risk of skull fractures, cephalhematoma, and subgaleal hematoma mainly due to manipulations. Currently, the most popular approaches for fetal head delivery are the push and pull methods. Although push method seems to be more convenient and does not necessitate (...) Frame: During Cesarean section (fetal delivery) ] Skull fractures, limb fractures, brachial plexus injury, cephalhematoma, and subgaleal hematoma APGAR score [ Time Frame: At 1 and 5 minutes after delivery of the newborn ] Need for neonatal admission to neonatal intensive care unit [ Time Frame: Within 24 hours of delivery of the newborn ] Postoperative infections [ Time Frame: 1 week of postpartum ] Puerperal sepsis and Cesarean section wound infection Eligibility Criteria Go to Information from

2016 Clinical Trials

9. Combined Amplitude-integrated and Conventional EEG Monitoring in High-risk Critically Ill Neonates

monitoring (e.g. patients with extensive cephalhematoma or subgaleal hemorrhage, interfering with the application of electrodes) Contacts and Locations Go to Information from the National Library of Medicine To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor. Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02925988 Contacts Layout table for location contacts Contact: Dror Mandel, MD

2016 Clinical Trials

10. Standardisation of Investigations of Mild Bleeding Disorders

Primary Completion Date : September 2016 Actual Study Completion Date : September 2016 Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine related topics: Groups and Cohorts Go to Group/Cohort Intervention/treatment Possible MBD Defined by: a bleeding score >= 4 in adults; a bleeding score >= 2 in children (for girls, up to menses); a past medical history that include menorrhagia, haemorrhage from the umbilical stump, bleeding at circumcision, cephalhematoma at birth, hematuria, whatever

2014 Clinical Trials

11. Induction of Labor Versus Expectant Management of Large for Gestational Age/Macrosomic Babies at Term. A Multi-center Trial

). Women with diabetes, a previous cesarean delivery, or other contraindications for vaginal delivery or candidates for IOL for other reasons will be excluded from the study. Outcome variables will include shoulder dystocia, brachial plexus injury, bone fractures, cephalhematoma, intraventricular hemorrhage, cesarean delivery and other neonatal and maternal variables. Expected results: IOL will reduce the shoulder dystocia and CS rate of LGA\macrosomic babies at term. Importance: This randomized

2014 Clinical Trials

12. Maternal hepatitis B and hepatitis C infection and neonatal neurological outcomes. (PubMed)

Maternal hepatitis B and hepatitis C infection and neonatal neurological outcomes. To examine the associations between maternal hepatitis B (HBV) and hepatitis C (HCV) infection status and selected infant neurological outcomes diagnosed at birth, we conducted a population-based, retrospective cohort study on singleton live births in Florida from 1998 to 2009. Primary exposures included maternal HBV and HCV monoinfection. The neurological outcomes included brachial plexus injury, cephalhematoma

2014 Journal of viral hepatitis

13. Visual Analysis of Neonatal EEG (Diagnosis)

cephalhematomas, subgaleal or scalp edema, and technical faults (eg, asymmetric placement of electrodes, sweating, smearing of electrode paste). Because of the nature of their lesions, neonates exhibiting this pattern often develop seizures. Ictal EEG discharges can be seen over the depressed side, and sustained focal discharges superimposed on this abnormal background represent the rare occurrence of focal ictal events in direct proximity with underlying anatomical lesions. Transient interhemispheric

2014 eMedicine.com

14. Visual Analysis of Neonatal EEG (Treatment)

cephalhematomas, subgaleal or scalp edema, and technical faults (eg, asymmetric placement of electrodes, sweating, smearing of electrode paste). Because of the nature of their lesions, neonates exhibiting this pattern often develop seizures. Ictal EEG discharges can be seen over the depressed side, and sustained focal discharges superimposed on this abnormal background represent the rare occurrence of focal ictal events in direct proximity with underlying anatomical lesions. Transient interhemispheric

2014 eMedicine.com

15. Visual Analysis of Neonatal EEG (Overview)

cephalhematomas, subgaleal or scalp edema, and technical faults (eg, asymmetric placement of electrodes, sweating, smearing of electrode paste). Because of the nature of their lesions, neonates exhibiting this pattern often develop seizures. Ictal EEG discharges can be seen over the depressed side, and sustained focal discharges superimposed on this abnormal background represent the rare occurrence of focal ictal events in direct proximity with underlying anatomical lesions. Transient interhemispheric

2014 eMedicine.com

16. Visual Analysis of Neonatal EEG (Follow-up)

cephalhematomas, subgaleal or scalp edema, and technical faults (eg, asymmetric placement of electrodes, sweating, smearing of electrode paste). Because of the nature of their lesions, neonates exhibiting this pattern often develop seizures. Ictal EEG discharges can be seen over the depressed side, and sustained focal discharges superimposed on this abnormal background represent the rare occurrence of focal ictal events in direct proximity with underlying anatomical lesions. Transient interhemispheric

2014 eMedicine.com

17. Birth Trauma (Overview)

below): Abrasions Erythema petechia Ecchymosis Lacerations Subcutaneous fat necrosis Location of injury in soft tissue planes on the scalp and head. Skull injuries with a favorable long-term prognosis include the following: Caput succedaneum Cephalhematoma Linear fractures Facial injuries with a favorable long-term prognosis include the following: Subconjunctival hemorrhage Retinal hemorrhage Musculoskeletal injuries with a favorable long-term prognosis include the following: Clavicular fractures (...) sampling for pH or fetal scalp electrode for fetal heart monitoring, which has a low incidence of hemorrhage, infection, or abscess at the site of sampling. Cephalhematoma Cephalhematoma is a subperiosteal collection of blood secondary to rupture of blood vessels between the skull and the periosteum; suture lines delineate its extent. Most commonly parietal, cephalhematoma may occasionally be observed over the occipital bone. The extent of hemorrhage may be severe enough to cause anemia and hypotension

2014 eMedicine Pediatrics

18. Initial Evaluation and Management of CNS Injury

is rarely due to head injury; therefore, seek other causes if it is present. However, in infants, significant cephalhematoma (subgaleal blood collection) can result in hypotension and anemia. Also, children with hydrocephalus and ventriculoperitoneal shunt can accumulate large intracranial clots without evidence of increased ICP. Rarely, spinal cord injury can result in hypotension. Spinal injury is rare in children (< 5% of all spinal injuries) and usually involves higher spinal segments. However

2014 eMedicine Surgery

19. Birth Trauma (Diagnosis)

below): Abrasions Erythema petechia Ecchymosis Lacerations Subcutaneous fat necrosis Location of injury in soft tissue planes on the scalp and head. Skull injuries with a favorable long-term prognosis include the following: Caput succedaneum Cephalhematoma Linear fractures Facial injuries with a favorable long-term prognosis include the following: Subconjunctival hemorrhage Retinal hemorrhage Musculoskeletal injuries with a favorable long-term prognosis include the following: Clavicular fractures (...) sampling for pH or fetal scalp electrode for fetal heart monitoring, which has a low incidence of hemorrhage, infection, or abscess at the site of sampling. Cephalhematoma Cephalhematoma is a subperiosteal collection of blood secondary to rupture of blood vessels between the skull and the periosteum; suture lines delineate its extent. Most commonly parietal, cephalhematoma may occasionally be observed over the occipital bone. The extent of hemorrhage may be severe enough to cause anemia and hypotension

2014 eMedicine Pediatrics

20. Skull Fracture (Treatment)

be made on the basis of 4 criteria [ ] : Age < 5 years with cephalhematoma Bone diastasis 4 mm or more Underlying brain contusion Contrast MRI showing dural tear and herniation of the brain matter (dural tear with herniation of the brain matter is the main etiopathogenic factor for the development of growing skull fracture) A fracture line crossing over a vascular groove, such as the middle meningeal artery, may form an epidural hematoma. [ ] Similarly, a fracture line that crosses over a suture may

2014 eMedicine Surgery

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