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Cavernous Sinus

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1361. Sclerosing Cavernous Hemangioma in the Cavernous Sinus: Case Report (PubMed)

Sclerosing Cavernous Hemangioma in the Cavernous Sinus: Case Report Cavernous hemangiomas of the cavernous sinus belong to a well-distinguished entity of extra-axial cavernous hemangiomas located in the cavernous sinus and have a typical appearance on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Severe intraoperative bleeding has been described during the excision of these lesions that is probably associated with their pathological features. An atypical case of a sclerosing lesion with distinct MRI

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2003 Skull Base

1362. Ophthalmoplegia in carotid cavernous sinus fistula. (PubMed)

Ophthalmoplegia in carotid cavernous sinus fistula. The aetiology of ophthalmoplegia in 15 patients with carotid-cavernous sinus fistula is discussed, and the clinical findings are correlated with angiographic and orbital CT appearances. After closure of the fistula the majority of patients with generalised ophthalmoplegia recovered full ocular movements rapidly, while patients with an isolated abduction weakness required much longer to return to normal. Orbital CT studies showed enlarged (...) extraocular muscles in the patients with generalised ophthalmoplegia but muscles of normal size in those with abduction failure alone. After closure of the fistula repeat CT studies of patients with enlarged extraocular muscles showed a diminution in muscle size. We suggest that generalised ophthalmoplegia in carotid cavernous sinus fistula is due to hypoxic, congested extraocular muscles. Isolated abduction weakness is due to a sixth nerve palsy, which probably occurs either in the cavernous sinus

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1984 The British journal of ophthalmology

1363. Abnormality in the cavernous sinus in three patients with Tolosa-Hunt syndrome: MRI and CT findings. (PubMed)

Abnormality in the cavernous sinus in three patients with Tolosa-Hunt syndrome: MRI and CT findings. Three patients with Tolosa-Hunt syndrome (THS) were examined using computed tomography (CT), orbital venography and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). CT of the brain showed no definite abnormality in two patients, right optic nerve enlargement and an abnormal area around the orbital apex in one patient. Orbital venography showed an occlusion of the superior ophthalmic vein in one of three (...) patients. MRI showed an abnormal soft tissue area in the cavernous sinus, with intermediate to high signal intensity on T1- or intermediate weighted images. There was clinical improvement following corticosteroid therapy and the abnormal soft tissue on MRI decreased in volume and in signal intensity, although this was equivocal in one patient. Thus MRI proved to be useful in demonstrating lesions in the cavernous sinus in patients with THS.

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1990 Journal of neurology, neurosurgery, and psychiatry

1364. Panhypopituitarism after cavernous sinus thrombosis. (PubMed)

Panhypopituitarism after cavernous sinus thrombosis. 8057098 1994 09 09 2018 11 13 0022-3050 57 8 1994 Aug Journal of neurology, neurosurgery, and psychiatry J. Neurol. Neurosurg. Psychiatry Panhypopituitarism after cavernous sinus thrombosis. 1010-1 Petty R K RK Wardlaw J J Kennedy P G PG O'Reilly B B McFadzean R R Johnson R A RA Davies D L DL eng Case Reports Letter England J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry 2985191R 0022-3050 IM Adult Cavernous Sinus Female Humans Hypopituitarism diagnosis (...) etiology Pituitary Gland, Anterior Sinus Thrombosis, Intracranial complications diagnosis 1994 8 1 1994 8 1 0 1 1994 8 1 0 0 ppublish 8057098 PMC1073100 J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry. 1968 Apr;31(2):187-9 4300869 Am J Roentgenol Radium Ther Nucl Med. 1963 Dec;90:1167-70 14081418 South Med J. 1983 May;76(5):642-6 6302919 Neurology. 1980 Aug;30(8):897-9 7191077

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1994 Journal of neurology, neurosurgery, and psychiatry

1365. Distribution of otic postganglionic and recurrent mandibular nerve fibres to the cavernous sinus plexus in monkeys. (PubMed)

Distribution of otic postganglionic and recurrent mandibular nerve fibres to the cavernous sinus plexus in monkeys. The distribution of dorsal rami of the otic ganglion was traced on one or both sides of 1 rhesus and 15 cynomolgus monkeys using interrupted serial sections. From 15 to 24 fine rami containing unmyelinated and small myelinated nerve fibres entered the cranial cavity with the mandibular nerve through the foramen ovale. Most rami contributed to a plexus positioned in the crotch (...) of the mandibular and maxillary nerves adjacent to the trigeminal ganglion. The plexus was augmented by an accessory otic ganglion. Rami then continued dorsally on each side of or through the maxillary nerve and joined the cavernous sinus plexus. The pathway described probably gives otic parasympathetic fibres access to the cerebral arteries and may share a wider distribution in common with other nerves contributing to the cavernous sinus plexus.

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1993 Journal of anatomy

1366. CNS Actinomycosis presenting with bilateral cavernous sinus syndrome (PubMed)

CNS Actinomycosis presenting with bilateral cavernous sinus syndrome 9436718 1998 01 30 2017 11 14 0022-3050 64 1 1998 Jan Journal of neurology, neurosurgery, and psychiatry J. Neurol. Neurosurg. Psychiatry CNS actinomycosis presenting with bilateral cavernous sinus syndrome. 4 Holland N R NR Department of Neurology, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21287-6220, USA. Deibert E E eng Case Reports Journal Article England J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry 2985191R 0022-3050 IM Actinomycosis (...) , Cervicofacial etiology pathology Biopsy Cavernous Sinus Dental Caries complications Female Humans Magnetic Resonance Imaging Middle Aged Syndrome 1998 1 22 1998 1 22 0 1 1998 1 22 0 0 ppublish 9436718 PMC2169889

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1998 Journal of neurology, neurosurgery, and psychiatry

1367. Cavernous haemangioma in the coronary sinus (PubMed)

Cavernous haemangioma in the coronary sinus A 58 year old man with a history of cerebral infarction was admitted to hospital with chest discomfort and dyspnoea. He had no history of precordial chest discomfort. Angiography and left ventriculography showed that coronary fistulas connected the coronary sinus with the left circumflex and right coronary arteries. His coronary sinus did not communicate with the right atrium, draining instead into a persistent left superior vena cava. Angiography (...) showed a mass, suspected to be a thrombus, in the coronary sinus. Transoesophageal echocardiography confirmed the presence of a mass in the atrioventricular groove. The mass was removed at surgery and proved to be a cavernous haemangioma.

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1998 Heart

1368. Cavernous sinus dural arteriovenous malformations: patterns of venous drainage are related to clinical signs and symptoms. (PubMed)

Cavernous sinus dural arteriovenous malformations: patterns of venous drainage are related to clinical signs and symptoms. To provide evidence that venous congestion and drainage patterns are responsible for the manifestations of cavernous sinus area dural arteriovenous malformations (CSdAVMs).Retrospective observational case series.Records of 85 patients with complete clinical and angiographic evaluations of CSdAVMs were evaluated for the clinical features of the disorder. A neuroradiologist (...) analyzed patterns of venous drainage to and from the cavernous sinus without knowledge of the clinical features. Four venous drainage patterns (reversal of flow from the CSdAVMs into the anterior cavernous sinus, ophthalmic vein thrombosis, drainage into the inferior petrosal sinus or drainage into the superior petrosal sinus) were statistically tested for their predictive value of signs and symptoms using logistic regression.The power of prediction of orbital congestion, elevated IOP, extraocular

2002 Ophthalmology

1369. Septic cavernous sinus thrombosis secondary to sinusitis: are anticoagulants indicated? A review of the literature. (PubMed)

Septic cavernous sinus thrombosis secondary to sinusitis: are anticoagulants indicated? A review of the literature. This article reviews the contemporary literature for septic cavernous sinus thrombosis (CST) with a focus on anticoagulation. Modern emphasis is placed on suspecting and treating this condition early, which is aided by recognizing clinical features attributable to sepsis, orbital venous congestion, and involvement of cranial nerves within each cavernous sinus. Established

2002 Journal of Laryngology & Otology

1370. Endovascular treatment of aneurysms in the cavernous sinus: a systematic review on balloon occlusion of the parent vessel and embolization with coils. (PubMed)

Endovascular treatment of aneurysms in the cavernous sinus: a systematic review on balloon occlusion of the parent vessel and embolization with coils. Balloon occlusion of the parent vessel and endosaccular coiling are both frequently used for treatment of intracavernous aneurysms of the carotid artery. We performed a systematic review of studies reporting on these two treatment modalities to assess the rate of complications, rate of successful aneurysm occlusion, and clinical condition after

2002 Stroke

1371. Painful and painless ophthalmoplegia with cavernous sinus pseudotumour. (PubMed)

Painful and painless ophthalmoplegia with cavernous sinus pseudotumour. Acquired isolated ophthalmoplegia in childhood has many potential causes. Although other ophthalmological or clinical features may aid lesion localisation, the absence of these does not preclude structural pathology. Two cases of cavernous sinus pseudotumour presented as ophthalmoplegia with and without pain. Magnetic resonance imaging of the cavernous sinus revealed the presence of enhancing tissue consistent in appearance (...) with pseudotumour in both cases, and they responded well to steroid treatment. These cases emphasise the importance of detailed imaging of the cavernous sinus in the investigation of these symptoms in order to exclude this treatable condition.

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1996 Archives of Disease in Childhood

1372. Orbital arteriovenous malformation mimicking cavernous sinus dural arteriovenous malformation (PubMed)

Orbital arteriovenous malformation mimicking cavernous sinus dural arteriovenous malformation Orbital arteriovenous malformations (OAVM) are rare, mostly described with high flow characteristics. Two cases are reported with an OAVM of distinct haemodynamic abnormality. The clinical, angiographic features, and the management considerations are discussed.Case review of two patients with dural AVM (DAVM) who presented to referral neuro-ophthalmology and endovascular services because of clinical (...) symptoms and signs consistent with a cavernous sinus dural AVM.In each patient, superselective angiography revealed a small slow flow intraorbital shunt supplied by the ophthalmic artery. The transarterial and transvenous endovascular approaches to treat the malformation were partially successful. Although, the abnormal flow was reduced, complete closure of the DAVM could not be accomplished without significant risk of iatrogenic injury. Neither patient's vision improved after intervention.A DAVM

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2000 The British journal of ophthalmology

1373. Cavernous sinus thrombosis. (PubMed)

Cavernous sinus thrombosis. 7222646 1981 06 25 2018 11 13 0093-0415 133 1 1980 Jul The Western journal of medicine West. J. Med. Cavernous sinus thrombosis. 44-8 Zahller M M Spector R H RH Skoglund R R RR Digby D D Nyhan W L WL eng Case Reports Journal Article United States West J Med 0410504 0093-0415 66974FR9Q1 Chloramphenicol 7C782967RD Ampicillin IM Ampicillin therapeutic use Cavernous Sinus Child Chloramphenicol therapeutic use Humans Male Sinus Thrombosis, Intracranial diagnosis drug

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1980 Western Journal of Medicine

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