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Cavernous Sinus

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81. Dural Venous System in the Cavernous Sinus: A Literature Review and Embryological, Functional, and Endovascular Clinical Considerations Full Text available with Trip Pro

Dural Venous System in the Cavernous Sinus: A Literature Review and Embryological, Functional, and Endovascular Clinical Considerations The cavernous sinus (CS) is one of the cranial dural venous sinuses. It differs from other dural sinuses due to its many afferent and efferent venous connections with adjacent structures. It is important to know well about its complex venous anatomy to conduct safe and effective endovascular interventions for the CS. Thus, we reviewed previous literatures

2016 Neurologia medico-chirurgica

82. Cavernous Sinus Dural Arteriovenous Fistula Patients Presenting With Headache as an Initial Symptom Full Text available with Trip Pro

Cavernous Sinus Dural Arteriovenous Fistula Patients Presenting With Headache as an Initial Symptom Cavernous sinus (CS) dural arteriovenous fistula (dAVF) patients presenting with only headache as an initial symptom are not common. Patients with CS-dAVF commonly present with symptoms related to their eyes. In all three patients, headache was the initial symptom. Other symptoms related to the eyes developed 1 - 7 months after headache. In one patient, headache was controlled by sumatriptan

2016 Journal of clinical medicine research

83. Septic Cavernous Sinus Thrombosis: A Case Report Full Text available with Trip Pro

Septic Cavernous Sinus Thrombosis: A Case Report Septic cavernous sinus thrombosis (CST) is a rare condition that can result in high mortality and morbidity rates if not treated immediately. CST may be aseptic or septic. Less common primary sites of infection include the tonsils, soft palate, middle ear, and orbit. Reported cases of middle ear infection are very rare, and response to treatment is poor.The present study is a case report of acute otitis media which led to septic cavernous sinus

2016 Iranian Red Crescent medical journal

84. Direct carotid cavernous sinus fistulae: vessel reconstruction using flow-diverting implants Full Text available with Trip Pro

Direct carotid cavernous sinus fistulae: vessel reconstruction using flow-diverting implants Retrospective evaluation of our experience with the use of flow diverters (FD) for the endovascular treatment of direct carotid-cavernous sinus fistulae (diCCF).Between 2011 and 2015, 14 consecutive patients with 14 diCCF were treated with FD alone or in combination with other implants in a single institution.A total of 21 sessions were performed in 14 patients. FD placement was technically successful

2016 Clinical neuroradiology

85. Ruptured dermoid cyst of the lateral cavernous sinus wall with temporary symptoms: a case report Full Text available with Trip Pro

Ruptured dermoid cyst of the lateral cavernous sinus wall with temporary symptoms: a case report Dermoid cysts are non-neoplastic tumors that arise from defects in the separation of the neuroectoderm. Cyst rupture rarely occurs spontaneously and the most common symptom is headache, followed by seizure. Although many cases of ruptured dermoid cysts present with symptoms, reports of cases that are asymptomatic, or where symptoms disappear, are rare.We report the case of a 66-year-old Asian man (...) with a history of sudden onset headache who was found to have high amounts of fat material in the subarachnoid space and a fat suppression mass in the left cavernous sinus. He underwent oral steroid therapy. Five days after starting medication his headache symptoms disappeared. Routine neurological imaging was then performed without surgical procedure. Magnetic resonance imaging revealed evidence of the remains of a static lesion 6 months after his first visit. He has remained headache free for 10 months

2016 Journal of medical case reports

86. Free Air in the Cavernous Sinus Secondary to Acute Isolated Sphenoid Sinusitis Full Text available with Trip Pro

Free Air in the Cavernous Sinus Secondary to Acute Isolated Sphenoid Sinusitis Pneumocephalus is a rare but important complication of acute isolated sphenoid sinusitis (ISS). If not adequately treated, it may cause serious neurological and life-threatening complications. We report the presence of free air in the cavernous sinus arising from intracranial extension of acute ISS. A 41-year-old healthy man presented to our department with a 7-day history of headache. Neurological examination (...) revealed no meningitis, and cerebrospinal fluid culture was negative. A head computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging on admission revealed sinusitis in the sphenoid sinus and presence of air in the cavernous sinus. We started an antibiotic treatment and the patient's fever immediately decreased and the inflammatory response improved. In addition, the bilateral retro-orbital headache diminished. A repeated head CT scan revealed that fluid retention in the sphenoid sinus and air

2016 NMC Case Report Journal

87. Isolated Oculomotor Nerve Palsy Due to Metastasis of Prostatic Cancer to the Cavernous Sinus Full Text available with Trip Pro

Isolated Oculomotor Nerve Palsy Due to Metastasis of Prostatic Cancer to the Cavernous Sinus A 69-year-old man with prostatic cancer under palliative care developed isolated right-sided oculomotor nerve palsy with pupillary impairment and persistent ocular pain. Cranial magnetic resonance imaging demonstrated metastasis of prostatic cancer to the right-sided cavernous sinus and orbital apex. In the English language literature, there are only six reported cases of isolated oculomotor nerve palsy (...) secondary to prostatic cancer. In all cases, although there was metastatic lesion in the vicinity of the cavernous sinus, ocular pain did not develop. In the current patient, because metastatic tumour might involve the right-sided oculomotor nerve as well as lacrimal nerve, ocular pain developed.

2016 Neuro-Ophthalmology

88. Septic Cavernous Sinus Thrombosis: Case Report and Review of the Literature Full Text available with Trip Pro

Septic Cavernous Sinus Thrombosis: Case Report and Review of the Literature Septic cavernous sinus thrombosis is a rare but serious complication of infection of the cavernous sinuses. There are no randomised, controlled trials of management of this condition and existing reviews of the literature are somewhat dated. The authors report a case with a favourable outcome and then present the findings of a literature review of the management of this condition. Outcome data suggest

2016 Neuro-Ophthalmology

89. Effect of Irradiation of the Cavernous Sinus and the Sellar Region on Autobiographical Memory

Effect of Irradiation of the Cavernous Sinus and the Sellar Region on Autobiographical Memory Effect of Irradiation of the Cavernous Sinus and the Sellar Region on Autobiographical Memory - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting registration or results information. Search for terms x × Study Record Detail Saved Studies Save this study Warning You have reached the maximum number of saved studies (100). Please remove one (...) or more studies before adding more. Effect of Irradiation of the Cavernous Sinus and the Sellar Region on Autobiographical Memory (ISOMAB) The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. of clinical studies and talk to your health care provider before participating. Read our for details. ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02750371 Recruitment Status

2016 Clinical Trials

90. Cavernous Sinus Dissection and Bleeding in Meningiomas

Cavernous Sinus Dissection and Bleeding in Meningiomas Cavernous Sinus Dissection and Bleeding in Meningiomas - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting registration or results information. Search for terms x × Study Record Detail Saved Studies Save this study Warning You have reached the maximum number of saved studies (100). Please remove one or more studies before adding more. Cavernous Sinus Dissection and Bleeding (...) Information provided by (Responsible Party): Ahmed Hegazy, Kasr El Aini Hospital Study Details Study Description Go to Brief Summary: The blood loss will be compared in middle fossa meningiomas which will receive pealing of the outer layer of the lateral wall of the cavernous sinus and those which will not revive pealing before the dura is opened Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase Meningiomas of the Middle Cranial Fossa Other: surgery Phase 4 Detailed Description: Cases with middle fossa

2016 Clinical Trials

91. Epstein-Barr virus-associated smooth muscle tumor of the cavernous sinus: a delayed complication of allogenic peripheral blood stem cell transplantation: case report. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Epstein-Barr virus-associated smooth muscle tumor of the cavernous sinus: a delayed complication of allogenic peripheral blood stem cell transplantation: case report. Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-associated smooth muscle tumors (SMTs) have recently been associated with primary and secondary immunodeficiencies. They are broadly divided into 3 subgroups: HIV-related, posttransplant, and congenital immunodeficiency. Subsequent to organ transplantation and acquired immunosuppression, a few cases of EBV (...) phase. Imaging revealed a T1/T2 isointense, homogeneously enhancing lesion of the left cavernous sinus. A presumptive diagnosis of Tolosa-Hunt syndrome was made, and she was treated with steroids; however, her symptoms progressed quickly and repeat imaging revealed that the lesion was growing. To rule out leukemic deposits, a minimally invasive lateral orbitotomy extradural transcavernous approach was performed for biopsy sampling and debulking of the lesion. The biopsied tumor tissue was found

2016 Journal of Neurosurgery

92. Gamma Knife radiosurgery for hemangioma of the cavernous sinus. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Gamma Knife radiosurgery for hemangioma of the cavernous sinus. OBJECTIVE Cavernous sinus hemangiomas (CSHs) are rare vascular tumors. A direct microsurgical approach usually results in massive hemorrhage and incomplete tumor resection. Although stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) has emerged as a therapeutic alternative to microsurgery, outcome studies are few. Authors of the present study evaluated the role of SRS for CSH. METHODS An international multicenter study was conducted to review outcome

2016 Journal of Neurosurgery

93. Traumatic Carotid-Cavernous Sinus Fistula in a Patient with Facial Bone Fractures Full Text available with Trip Pro

Traumatic Carotid-Cavernous Sinus Fistula in a Patient with Facial Bone Fractures 26618131 2015 11 30 2018 11 13 2234-6163 42 6 2015 Nov Archives of plastic surgery Arch Plast Surg Traumatic Carotid-Cavernous Sinus Fistula in a Patient with Facial Bone Fractures. 791-3 10.5999/aps.2015.42.6.791 Yu Sang Soo SS Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Ilsan Paik Hospital, Inje University, Goyang, Korea. Lee Soo Hyang SH Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Ilsan Paik

2015 Archives of plastic surgery

94. Septic cavernous sinus thrombosis with infectious arteritis of the internal carotid artery Full Text available with Trip Pro

Septic cavernous sinus thrombosis with infectious arteritis of the internal carotid artery 26621906 2016 09 12 2018 11 13 1757-790X 2015 2015 Nov 30 BMJ case reports BMJ Case Rep Septic cavernous sinus thrombosis with infectious arteritis of the internal carotid artery. 10.1136/bcr-2015-213314 bcr2015213314 Lee Hwa Reung HR Department of Neurology, Sanggye Paik Hospital, Inje University College of Medicine, Seoul, Republic of Korea. Kim Hye Weon HW Department of Neurology, Sanggye Paik Hospital (...) Bacterial Infections drug therapy etiology Carotid Artery Diseases drug therapy etiology Carotid Artery, Internal Cavernous Sinus Thrombosis complications Female Humans Magnetic Resonance Angiography Middle Aged Tomography, X-Ray Computed 2015 12 2 6 0 2015 12 2 6 0 2016 9 13 6 0 epublish 26621906 bcr-2015-213314 10.1136/bcr-2015-213314 PMC4680287 Intern Med. 2007;46(6):317-23 17380002 Emerg Med Clin North Am. 2008 Feb;26(1):137-80, vii 18249261 Neurologist. 2012 Sep;18(5):310-2 22931741

2015 BMJ case reports

95. Key imaging characteristics for preoperative identification of cavernous sinus hemangioma Full Text available with Trip Pro

Key imaging characteristics for preoperative identification of cavernous sinus hemangioma Cavernous sinus hemangiomas are relatively rare but have characteristic imaging features. We present a case of a large extra-axial middle cranial fossa mass arising from the cavernous sinus in a 51-year-old female, and we describe the unique features and complications of this intracranial tumor. With the proper pre-operative diagnosis, an appropriate plan can be created for these highly vascular lesions

2015 Radiology Case Reports

96. Malignant fungal infection of the cavernous sinus: case report. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Malignant fungal infection of the cavernous sinus: case report. Intracranial spread of fungal infection is a life-threatening condition that usually affects immunocompromised patients. Here the authors present a case of biopsy-proven Aspergillus fumigatus infection of the paranasal sinuses in an immunocompetent patient with documented spread to the orbit, cavernous sinus, and petrous apex despite medical antifungal treatment. As a life-saving treatment, cavernous sinus resection with external (...) carotid artery-middle cerebral artery bypass was performed. The authors discuss the literature regarding the intracranial spread of paranasal sinus fungal infections in immunocompetent patients and management strategies.

2015 Journal of Neurosurgery

97. Endoscopic endonasal management of non-functioning pituitary adenomas with cavernous sinus invasion: a 10- year experience. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Endoscopic endonasal management of non-functioning pituitary adenomas with cavernous sinus invasion: a 10- year experience. The management of Non-Functioning Pituitary Adenoma (NFPA) invading the cavernous sinus (CS) is currently a balancing act between the surgical decompression of neural structures, radiotherapy and a wait-and-see policy.We undertook a retrospective review of 56 cases of NFPA with CS invasion treated through an endoscopic endonasal approach (EEA) between 2000 and 2010

2015 Rhinology

98. Cavernous Sinus Thrombosis in Children: Imaging Characteristics and Clinical Outcomes. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Cavernous Sinus Thrombosis in Children: Imaging Characteristics and Clinical Outcomes. Cavernous sinus thrombosis (CST) is a rare life-threatening cerebrovascular disease known to cause carotid artery narrowing (CAN) and arterial ischemic stroke. The imaging features of CST and related complications have been reported in adults, but rarely in children.We performed a retrospective review of children with imaging confirmed CST from 2003 to 2014, describing presenting symptoms, imaging findings (...) , and treatment.Ten patients with CST were identified. All had CAN and 6 of 10 developed infarcts. Of 8 patients treated with anticoagulation therapy, 3 developed new infarcts. None required discontinuation of anticoagulation therapy because of bleeding. Visual impairment secondary to infectious neuritis was common. Imaging characteristics include cavernous sinus expansion, filling defects, restricted diffusion, arterial wall enhancement, empyema, superior ophthalmic vein enlargement and thrombosis, orbital

2015 Stroke

99. Pediatric cavernous sinus thrombosis: A case series and review of the literature. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Pediatric cavernous sinus thrombosis: A case series and review of the literature. To describe clinical characteristics, imaging findings, morbidity, and mortality in a single-center cohort of 12 pediatric cavernous sinus thrombosis cases and to review all cases available in recent English literature.Clinical data and radiographic studies on 12 cases from our institution were analyzed retrospectively. A literature search and review was conducted, with additional cases pooled with the new cohort (...) for an aggregate analysis.Twelve cases of cavernous sinus thrombosis in children from the Children's Hospital of Philadelphia between January 1, 2000, and December 31, 2013, were reviewed. All patients survived to discharge; 3 of 12 (25%) experienced neurologic morbidity. Contrast-enhanced MRI and contrast-enhanced head CT were 100% sensitive for detecting cavernous sinus thrombosis, while noncontrast time-of-flight magnetic resonance venography (TOF MRV) and noncontrast head CT were 0% sensitive. Literature

2015 Neurology

100. Intractable Posterior Epistaxis due to a Spontaneous Low-Flow Carotid-Cavernous Sinus Fistula: A Case Report and a Review of the Literature Full Text available with Trip Pro

Intractable Posterior Epistaxis due to a Spontaneous Low-Flow Carotid-Cavernous Sinus Fistula: A Case Report and a Review of the Literature We report a case of a 90-year-old patient with intractable posterior epistaxis presenting as the only symptom of a nontraumatic low-flow carotid-cavernous sinus fistula. Purpose of this case report is to introduce low-flow carotid-cavernous sinus fistula in the differential diagnosis of intractable posterior epistaxis. We provide a literature review (...) for the sequence of actions for the confrontation of posterior epistaxis. We also emphasize the significance of the radiological diagnostic and therapeutic procedures in the management of posterior epistaxis due to pathology of the cavernous sinus. The gold-standard diagnostic procedure of carotid-cavernous sinus fistula is digital subtraction angiography (DSA). DSA with coils is also the state-of-the-art therapy. By failure of DSA, neurosurgery or stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) may be used as alternatives

2015 Case reports in otolaryngology

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