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Cavernous Sinus Thrombosis

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1. Cavernous sinus thrombosis

Cavernous sinus thrombosis Cavernous sinus thrombosis - Symptoms, diagnosis and treatment | BMJ Best Practice You'll need a subscription to access all of BMJ Best Practice Search  Cavernous sinus thrombosis Last reviewed: February 2019 Last updated: December 2017 Summary Thrombus formation within the cavernous sinus, which may be either septic or aseptic in origin. Infection can spread to the cavernous sinus either as an extension of thrombophlebitis or by septic emboli. The origin of aseptic (...) cavernous sinus thrombosis is usually through trauma or a prothrombotic condition. In the pre-antibiotic era, infections of the middle third of the face were responsible for the majority of cases. Currently, the most common cause is as a complication of acute sinusitis. Diagnosis is usually made through clinical evaluation together with imaging (CT or MRI). In the acute presentation, one eye is typically affected first, followed by the second eye within 48 hours of symptom onset. Must be differentiated

2017 BMJ Best Practice

2. Bilateral cavernous sinus thrombosis with septic lung lesions resulting from a nasal abscess (PubMed)

Bilateral cavernous sinus thrombosis with septic lung lesions resulting from a nasal abscess 29260092 2019 02 26 2451-9936 7 2017 Sep American journal of ophthalmology case reports Am J Ophthalmol Case Rep Bilateral cavernous sinus thrombosis with septic lung lesions resulting from a nasal abscess. 113-114 10.1016/j.ajoc.2017.06.005 Schear Matthew J MJ Northwell Health Department of Ophthalmology, Hofstra Northwell School of Medicine, 600 Northern Blvd, Suite 214, Great Neck, NY 11021, United (...) States. Weiss Alexander A Northwell Health Department of Ophthalmology, Hofstra Northwell School of Medicine, 600 Northern Blvd, Suite 214, Great Neck, NY 11021, United States. Rodgers Rand R Northwell Health Department of Ophthalmology, Hofstra Northwell School of Medicine, 600 Northern Blvd, Suite 214, Great Neck, NY 11021, United States. eng Case Reports 2017 06 21 United States Am J Ophthalmol Case Rep 101679941 2451-9936 Cavernous sinus thrombosis Orbital infection 2016 12 31 2017 04 16 2017 06

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2017 American journal of ophthalmology case reports

3. Prognosis of septic cavernous sinus thrombosis remarkably improved: a case series of 12 patients and literature review (PubMed)

Prognosis of septic cavernous sinus thrombosis remarkably improved: a case series of 12 patients and literature review Septic cavernous sinus thrombosis (CST) is a rare complication of infections in the head and neck area. CST is notorious for its bad prognosis, with high mortality and morbidity rates described in literature. However, these rates are based on old series. We question whether the prognosis of CST is currently still as devastating. The primary purpose of this study is to assess (...) the mortality and morbidity of CST.Using the databases of all relevant specialties in our tertiary referral hospital, we collected all the patients treated for CST in the period 2005-2017. In addition, a PubMed search, using the mesh term 'cavernous sinus thrombosis', was performed.We found 12 patients with CST in the study period. Of the 12 patients, 11 survived and 9 recovered without any permanent deficits. Seven patients were treated with anticoagulation, and in none of the patients we saw hemorrhagic

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2018 European Archives of Oto-Rhino-Laryngology

4. Cavernous Sinus Thrombosis: Case Report

Cavernous Sinus Thrombosis: Case Report Cavernous Sinus Thrombosis: Case Report - Sumer's Radiology Blog Top Ad unit 728 × 90 Radiology News radiology Cavernous Sinus Thrombosis: Case Report Cavernous Sinus Thrombosis: Case Report Discussion by Dr MGK Murthy, Dr GA Prasad Cavernous sinus is extradural venous plexus surrounded by a dural fold in the middle cranial fossa containing internal carotid artery with its periarterial sympathetic plexus, abducens nerve lateral to the internal carotid (...) artery, but medial to the oculomotor and trochlear nerves and the ophthalmic and maxillary divisions of the trigeminal nerve, which run superior to inferior within the lateral dural border of the cavernous sinus. Thrombosis of the cavernous sinus is usually caused by bacterial or fungal invasion complicating sinusitis in patients with poorly controlled diabetes or immunosuppression. Clinically characterized by multiple cranial neuropathies with impairment of ocular motor nerves, Horner’s syndrome

2017 Sumer's Radiology Blog

5. Panton-Valentine Leukocidin Producing Staphylococcus aureus Facial Pyomyositis Causing Partial Cavernous Sinus Thrombosis. (PubMed)

Panton-Valentine Leukocidin Producing Staphylococcus aureus Facial Pyomyositis Causing Partial Cavernous Sinus Thrombosis. We present a case of subtotal cavernous sinus thrombosis secondary to Panton-Valentine leukocidin-associated Staphylococcus aureus pyomyositis of the muscles of mastication in a previously healthy child, who was successfully managed with no residual disease. He was found to have a factor V Leiden heterozygous mutation. We highlight the propensity of Panton-Valentine (...) leukocidin Staphylococcus aureus to induce venous thrombosis at any site but with potential for more severe consequences in the head. We highlight pyomyositis as a differential for periorbital cellulitis and discuss the significance of the factor V Leiden mutation.

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2017 Pediatric Infectious Dsease Journal

6. A case report of cavernous sinus thrombosis after trauma. (PubMed)

A case report of cavernous sinus thrombosis after trauma. Cavernous sinus thrombosis is a rare but well-documented complication of sinus disease, propagated by intracranial spread of infection via valveless veins of the midface, with facial cellulitis as an uncommon source of infection. We present a case of significant intracranial thromboses secondary to nasal dorsal abscess after trauma that was successfully treated with bedside drainage of the abscess in addition to broad-spectrum

2017 International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology

7. Lemierre's Syndrome with Cavernous Sinus Thrombosis (PubMed)

Lemierre's Syndrome with Cavernous Sinus Thrombosis 28381765 2018 11 13 1349-7235 56 7 2017 Internal medicine (Tokyo, Japan) Intern. Med. Lemierre's Syndrome with Cavernous Sinus Thrombosis. 887-888 10.2169/internalmedicine.56.7878 Kobayashi Koichi K Department of Clinical Research, National Hospital Organization Tokyo National Hospital, Japan. Matsui Hirotoshi H eng Journal Article 2017 04 01 Japan Intern Med 9204241 0918-2918 2017 4 7 6 0 2017 4 7 6 0 2017 4 7 6 1 ppublish 28381765 10.2169

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2017 Internal Medicine

8. Odontogenic orbital cellulitis associated with cavernous sinus thrombosis and pulmonary embolism: a case report (PubMed)

Odontogenic orbital cellulitis associated with cavernous sinus thrombosis and pulmonary embolism: a case report This case illustrates the importance of prompt assessment and treatment of orbital cellulitis. In fact the ocular signs and symptoms may be associated with systemic complications which should be investigated and identified as soon as possible to avoid a poor prognosis.A 46-year-old white woman presented to our emergency room with proptosis, ophthalmoplegia, and conjunctival chemosis (...) of her left eye. An ophthalmologist, having diagnosed orbital cellulitis in her left eye, suspected a cavernous sinus thrombosis. Hematochemical and radiological examinations confirmed the cavernous sinus thrombosis and also showed septic pulmonary embolism. A blood culture indicated Streptococcus constellatus, which is a member of the Peptostreptococcus family, a saprophyte of the oral mucosa that can be pathogenic in immunocompromised persons. The odontogenic origin was then confirmed by dental

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2017 Journal of medical case reports

9. Cavernous sinus thrombosis in a patient with nephrotic syndrome (PubMed)

Cavernous sinus thrombosis in a patient with nephrotic syndrome 28516392 2018 11 13 2192-4449 6 2 2017 Nov CEN case reports CEN Case Rep Cavernous sinus thrombosis in a patient with nephrotic syndrome. 136-139 10.1007/s13730-017-0260-7 Navarro David D http://orcid.org/0000-0002-1977-794X Hospital Curry Cabral, Centro Hospitalar Lisboa Central, Lisbon, Portugal. Davidbnavarro@gmail.com. Ferreira Ana Carina AC Hospital Curry Cabral, Centro Hospitalar Lisboa Central, Lisbon, Portugal. Viana Helena

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2017 CEN Case Reports

10. Bilateral Cavernous Sinus Thrombosis as First Manifestation of Primary Burkitt Lymphoma of the Thyroid Gland (PubMed)

Bilateral Cavernous Sinus Thrombosis as First Manifestation of Primary Burkitt Lymphoma of the Thyroid Gland Cavernous sinus thrombosis (CST) is a rare condition that is usually associated with infections, pregnancy, vasculitis and some types of medication, such as the contraceptive pill and paraneoplastic. Primary Burkitt lymphoma (PBL) of the thyroid gland is very uncommon and the clinical description of such cases has been largely limited to case reports. In this paper, we present a case

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2017 Neurology international

11. Cavernous sinus thrombosis following dental extraction: a rare case report and forgotten entity (PubMed)

Cavernous sinus thrombosis following dental extraction: a rare case report and forgotten entity Prior to the advent of efficacious antimicrobial agents, the mortality rate from cavernous sinus thrombosis (CST) was effectively 100%. There have been very few reports of CST associated with tooth extraction. A 40-year-old female presented to the emergency room with swelling over the right side of the face and history of extraction in the upper right region by an unregistered dental practitioner

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2017 Journal of the Korean Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons

12. Cavernous Sinus Thrombosis due to Streptococcus mitis and Staphylococcus lugdunensis (PubMed)

Cavernous Sinus Thrombosis due to Streptococcus mitis and Staphylococcus lugdunensis Cavernous Sinus Thrombosis (CST) is a rare, life-threatening condition that may result from the direct spread of infection from the nose, ears, teeth or sinuses. It is most commonly caused by Staphylococcus aureus and Streptococcus sp. We present a case of CST caused by Strepotococcus mitis and Staphylococcus lugdunensis. Early surgical intervention with aggressive medical management is needed as the syndrome

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2016 Journal of clinical and diagnostic research : JCDR

13. Septic Cavernous Sinus Thrombosis: Case Report and Review of the Literature (PubMed)

Septic Cavernous Sinus Thrombosis: Case Report and Review of the Literature Septic cavernous sinus thrombosis is a rare but serious complication of infection of the cavernous sinuses. There are no randomised, controlled trials of management of this condition and existing reviews of the literature are somewhat dated. The authors report a case with a favourable outcome and then present the findings of a literature review of the management of this condition. Outcome data suggest

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2016 Neuro-Ophthalmology

14. Cavernous Sinus Thrombosis

Cavernous Sinus Thrombosis Cavernous Sinus Thrombosis Toggle navigation Brain Head & Neck Chest Endocrine Abdomen Musculoskeletal Skin Infectious Disease Hematology & Oncology Cohorts Diagnostics Emergency Findings Procedures Prevention & Management Pharmacy Resuscitation Trauma Emergency Procedures Ultrasound Cardiovascular Emergencies Lung Emergencies Infectious Disease Pediatrics Neurologic Emergencies Skin Exposure Miscellaneous Abuse Cancer Administration 4 Cavernous Sinus Thrombosis (...) Cavernous Sinus Thrombosis Aka: Cavernous Sinus Thrombosis , Septic Cavernous Sinus Thrombophlebitis From Related Chapters II. Pathophysiology Most common infection of dural sinus thrombosis Sources Mid-face infections near the eyes and nose (e.g. nasal ) or infection (uncommon) III. Symptoms Initial (first 1-2 days) (most common Sharp pain increasing in severity becoming refractory and interferes with sleep Unilateral frontal and retroorbital ( ophthalmic and ry branches) Next Eye swelling IV. Signs

2018 FP Notebook

15. Bilateral cavernous sinus and superior ophthalmic vein thrombosis in the setting of facial cellulitis (PubMed)

Bilateral cavernous sinus and superior ophthalmic vein thrombosis in the setting of facial cellulitis Cavernous sinus thrombosis is a rare, potentially fatal cause of cerebral venous thrombosis. Infectious causes typically arise from the mid face, orbit, or sinonasal region. We present a case of bilateral cavernous sinus and superior ophthalmic thrombosis secondary to an extreme case of facial cellulitis.

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2016 Proceedings (Baylor University. Medical Center)

16. Septic Cavernous Sinus Thrombosis: A Case Report (PubMed)

Septic Cavernous Sinus Thrombosis: A Case Report Septic cavernous sinus thrombosis (CST) is a rare condition that can result in high mortality and morbidity rates if not treated immediately. CST may be aseptic or septic. Less common primary sites of infection include the tonsils, soft palate, middle ear, and orbit. Reported cases of middle ear infection are very rare, and response to treatment is poor.The present study is a case report of acute otitis media which led to septic cavernous sinus (...) thrombosis in a 56-year-old woman in Bojnord city, North Khorasan, Iran.Findings of laboratory tests and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) confirmed the clinical diagnosis. Clinical-based medical care led to successful management of the patient with broad spectrum intravenous antibiotics that prevented serious complications.

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2016 Iranian Red Crescent medical journal

17. Cavernous Sinus Thrombosis in Children (PubMed)

Cavernous Sinus Thrombosis in Children Investigators from the Children's Hospital of Philadelphia analyzed the clinical and radiographic findings in 12 cases of cavernous sinus thrombosis (CST) seen between 2000 and 2013, and conducted a literature search and review of the pooled data.

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2016 Pediatric neurology briefs

18. Cavernous Sinus Thrombosis

Cavernous Sinus Thrombosis Cavernous Sinus Thrombosis Toggle navigation Brain Head & Neck Chest Endocrine Abdomen Musculoskeletal Skin Infectious Disease Hematology & Oncology Cohorts Diagnostics Emergency Findings Procedures Prevention & Management Pharmacy Resuscitation Trauma Emergency Procedures Ultrasound Cardiovascular Emergencies Lung Emergencies Infectious Disease Pediatrics Neurologic Emergencies Skin Exposure Miscellaneous Abuse Cancer Administration 4 Cavernous Sinus Thrombosis (...) Cavernous Sinus Thrombosis Aka: Cavernous Sinus Thrombosis , Septic Cavernous Sinus Thrombophlebitis From Related Chapters II. Pathophysiology Most common infection of dural sinus thrombosis Sources Mid-face infections near the eyes and nose (e.g. nasal ) or infection (uncommon) III. Symptoms Initial (first 1-2 days) (most common Sharp pain increasing in severity becoming refractory and interferes with sleep Unilateral frontal and retroorbital ( ophthalmic and ry branches) Next Eye swelling IV. Signs

2016 FP Notebook

19. Polymorphism in dural arteriovenous fistula: Matrix Metalloproteinase-2-1306 C/T as a potential risk factor for sinus thrombosis. (PubMed)

of location (cavernous sinus versus lateral sinus), lesions (single versus multiple), cerebral venous reflux (CVR) grading (Borden I versus Borden II/III), and sinus thrombosis (with versus without). Results We found that individuals carrying the polymorphic allele of matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-2-1306 C/T (rs243865) had a significantly increased risk of sinus thrombosis in DAVF (odds ratio 6.2; 95% confidence interval 1.7-22.9). There was a weak difference in associations of tissue inhibitor (...) Polymorphism in dural arteriovenous fistula: Matrix Metalloproteinase-2-1306 C/T as a potential risk factor for sinus thrombosis. Essentials Sinus thrombosis may play a crucial role in development of dural arteriovenous fistula (DAVF). Little is known about the association between gene polymorphism and the development of DAVF. MMP-2-1306 C/T showed a higher prevalence rate in DAVF cases with sinus thrombosis. MMP-2-1306C/T polymorphism is likely a potential risk factor for sinus thrombosis

2018 Journal of Thrombosis and Haemostasis

20. Ophthalmic manifestations and outcomes after cavernous sinus thrombosis in children. (PubMed)

Ophthalmic manifestations and outcomes after cavernous sinus thrombosis in children. To review the causes, treatment, and outcomes of cavernous sinus thrombosis (CST) in children.The medical records of children (<18 years of age) diagnosed with thrombophlebitis of an intracranial venous sinus were reviewed to identify cases of CST presenting to Children's Hospital Colorado from January 2000 through January 2013. Cases were evaluated for etiology, symptoms, imaging characteristics, treatment (...) , and outcomes.A total of 110 children with a venous thrombus of an intracranial sinus were included. Of these, 9 had a CST. All cases were confirmed by magnetic resonance imaging. All 9 had sinusitis, 4 had orbital involvement, and 1 resulted from a nasal septal abscess. Eight cases presented with ophthalmoplegia, and 5 presented with decreased vision. Every patient underwent sinus surgery: 4 underwent orbitotomy for abscess drainage, and 1 required bilateral exenteration. Cultures were inconclusive in 2

2015 JAAPOS - Journal of the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus

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